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Author: Pennsylvania farmer 
Title: Pennsylvania farmer, vol. 92 
Place of Publication: Meadville, Pa. 
Copyright Date: 1925 

Master Negative Storage Number: MNS# PSt SNPaAg214.2 


Rutgers University 














Vol. 92- -No.l 

I'tt'lMir^li Mjiliet Ediiiuu) 



$1 .00 a year 

^One Hundred Forty-mnt Years of Steady Progress towards Achieving IndepenA 




Pennsylvania Farmer 

Juljr 4, 1985 

A Braakdown PieveiTfed 

will pay for an 



For Fordsen Tractor 

Retu'.arly $25.00 


knows that a breakdown during the busy P'^;^j"gJ^««°" 
wastes many hours and money-and besides, lepa.r bills are 

f*OSt"l V 


It insures the safety of the operator, the equipment, and 
the tractor itself. 

Absolutely Automatic Positive in Action 

Easily Attached Eliminates Breakage 

The instant the implement that is attached to this hitch be- 
comes obstructed, the automatic ^P"""^ ^»?^^ '^'^'^Sh or 
clutch, and the tractor stors. No need to change the hitch or 
release the equipment from the tractor in order to start again. 
The time saved and repair bills from one breakdown will 
more than pay for this hitch. -tmmjv 



GENTLEMBN':-p'r7.1 »«.J me without obUg-ucH. l«»l. .bout Automatic 
Spring Hitk:b. 



New Jersey Farmers' Day 

ProiTiinent IVfen Address New R-unswick Assembly 

MORE than two thousand Nfw 
Jersey farmeis a<ifl busints* 
m.^n attendefl th*' annual Field Day 
at I he Slate t'ollegt> of .\«riciilttire 
ami Rxp.rinunt Station ui New 
Brunswick on Juno 18th. Dr. J. G. 
Lipm;in, (Hrector >,|- thi' Exp.i iment 
Station, and \Villi;un H. Durytt'. >ec- 
iei;iiy-«h'i't of th.- Statf DopaiMnent 
of .iVsiimllure. w.t.' among th > prin- 
cipal sp al<«r.s -It th >op. ninff nisrting 
in thft foienoon. Doctor Lipinan savp 
I he addr^'s* of w. Icmn- and Mr. Dur- 
yeo told about the work don- by th<» 
College of Agrfcultur.' in aidins th«> 
larniing industry of the state. 

Howard B. H:iiicick. president of 
the Fed'';at!on 'f ('nunty Boards of 
A2:i"cultuie (which coi n-.^pond.^ to 
th" Slate Farm F'd.Mition 
in Penn.sylvania). talk-d on the sub- 
ject of coopf'ration. Orderlv produc- 
tion and ord.rly niarkitins are the 
two gr<Mt ne.ds of agriculture, he 

Greatest Center of Population 

Th- attorney-«en«ral of New Jer- 
sey. Hon. Kdward L. Kat7-nback. 
pointed out that the area within a 
ladius of .seventy milej^ of Tvnton is 
the most dHHHely populateil section or 
the entire world. The ^r.•at inark"t!» 
of this area offer the farmers of the an imm^n-e opportunity, an.i 
place upon them great rf-sponsibilt- 
ties. Mr. Ivatzenljack urged all farm- 
er-voiers to Urie gr^at care in .•h<><>»- 

. log the men to r»preseut them in the 
■late legislature. 

' Following the openifi^ asseinnl> 
th'j viHitors -eparaied into gioupi^ for 
the Inspection ot the Colleges experi- 

ments and demont>trations In horti- 
ctiltur*^. poultry, agronomy and 

Abou' three Hundred women at- 
tended the meetings of the New Jer- 
sey Home Bureau Federation, of 
which Mrs. Ida S. Harrington, Home 
Section Editor of Pennsylvania 
Farmer, is preaidenr. 

Nearly 150 busines.s men, member.'* 
of thirteen New Jersey Klwani.s 
Clubs took part in a special program 
and tour .)f inspection over the ex- 
periment station grounds. — W. 

ptoffs. Poultry 

Dairy Cuttle 

Poultry, swine and dairy cattle muvt 
have protein and minerals if they are 
to get the best from their farm ration. 
Mix Oberco with the feed you are using 
and see the diflference. 

Write for details. Practical poultry- 
men, hog raisers and dairymen have 
tried Oberco and it has produced sur- 
prising results. Write for booklet. 
Cast Coast Trading Company 

(Sub*idiary ot) . 


*' E*t»bli«h«<l 1A40 f 

s 730Ober BIdg. Baltimore, Md. 



-,^^„ ,-> YOU 


h'«, nA«e a."i .w- UW, » IIBO M«.l, 
sftiaw. m4i>o iiU.iii.-. mil lluuO'";' "f 

-"'"""V'l T Ve r'r .■"^> KiiiJ '.r hulldins. AJw 

'■'-"^ oti^tTA^'f i"0RS".TARV B00F8 


^ ""r'iE- ebwAROS MFO, CO.. 
7!MI-7}9I Butler 3».. Clntinn»tt. o. 

Be Protected! 

Our rolic^ lav.!. ^tm mono), ai»«« oumpli** 
pmt'^iioii and njlicvoi you 'if «U ll»bUli» iu 
rase of w-oid-mt (<• my men I'lU hire. 

Our Policy Provides Protection for 

• ml if Injuted he I-. I»id RODi|>en«»Uoo M Inoil 
1- 111- Is ui.ihl,' In w«jrit. plu» Mi nooloc um 
lIuKiiiral blU4. 

Writ! lor ogr r»te» TODAY! 

Penna. Thresherman & Farmers' 
Mutual Casualty Insurance Co. 

311 Kunkel Bids.. Harrisburg. Pa 




w Protect yoMt nowal 

'»nd IiiirMW from ">«*< 

• lUMl othi-r InsecU aadl 

th»y will n-puy you; 

w«ll. Wop that worry-| 

|Q»;, stJimpinc, switch- 3 

In3, 'h»t i:ul8 down I 

vitftlity. uBiM up eo-| 

' ervv nuke* tbeiDiaMI 

n«tft ana du wa mx^i 

8UOO-FLY nn>M« »l 

riliM mom milk.. . .^ _,i ^««i 

1 8HO*>-KI.V aidnlnbealliwiits »na wrtw. , , 
J vpnw Inf.itlnii and kwps poultry-houses clf.r| 

1 "iS'-IrtivTlalr^nien for 40 y".irs If >'>ur"l*tlfi''l 
I rannct Hipply you, send tl .Mtiind net 1-2 J*^ J 

H1K><>-KLY— <noui:li to prot.-ot ,-. cow' for » 
1 month— iind I. .t-tul»' Krivity spriyrr '/^e.\'A 
' valuf) Money l.ark i:u:>rjtiti<' Addn-i- lwi>l.€.| 

[SHOOFIV MFO. CO.. U10 N. lOllt St.. PMIa.. 

MentioD PennsyWania Farmer When Writing Advertisers 


An Opportunity 

THE lir-^t -siiiiiiUtM- se.=?sion of 
th ■ .^niTiran Iii.stitute ot 
Coop-ration to b<? h..*ld at the 
Univ^M•■lity of Pt'nnsylvania. 
Phila.l Iphlu, July 20 to Aug- 
u.^t 1."., oft" rs the finest oppor- 
tunity •'Vf-r given to eastern 
farmers to study the principles 
an>i practio- ot' eooptiation. 
Scor»3» of cooperative organiza- 
rloij leidfirji. ^.iucator-; and 
high RovHinmeiit officials will 
share Iieir icnuwle'lso of thi.s 
subject with those who enroll 
for the four week's cour.sf. 

-V citttlos an<l full informa- 
tion aJ}out the work to be cov- 
f>re'i (iuring the -iesaion will he 
niail-1 upon rf^jueat to P. R. 
Taylor. Bureau of Markets, 
HaJTisbuj^;. PHnnsylvania. or 
to the .Unerlcan Institute of 
Poopi la'ioii, 17S1 Eve Street. 
N. W.. Washington. D. C. 

News and Notes 



\BOUT 300.000 heart are repre- 
swiitfd in th.- new Ohio P.iultr.v 
Producers' Cooptiatlve Association, 
which will markfl ettgs producod in 
three counties in the northwestern 
part of tho .state. Arrangement-^ have 
been nia<ie for opening thirty-eight 
leceivlng stations. Bkk« «"'• poultry 
will he collecte.i by motor truclt an. I 
giadeti and prepared for market at 
the A.ssociations plant at Wauseu, 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

It is expected that about seventy- 
live Pennsylvania fruit growers will 
uttend the meeting of t'he New York 
Horticultural Society on the grounds 
of the Bxperinient Station at Geneva. 
New York on July 29. The itinerary 
for the Pennsylvania Qiowers' trip 
will include a stop at the Marble 
La.boratorieH at Canton. Bradford 
C o u n t y. Penneylvania. .Arrange- 
ments are being made by Dr S. W. 
Fletcher, 8«?cretary of the Pennsyl- 
vania Horticultural Assooiatlon. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

The usual lull in radio during 
^un.iuer month.s. which has been 
.uused by static, will not be so no- 
ticeable thlH summer ae heretofore. 
Many .stations, especially those 
t)M>adca«Ung piutlculariy to rural 
« . umiunltieH. have increased their 
„-j,j,pj. at>it;e last lumnier ajid have 
announced their purpose of broad- 
casting even moro attractve pro- 
gram.- .luring the hot month-. This 
power Increase will, it is said, over- 
' come the usual amount of static. 

* * * 

The cylinder . xperiments on .soil 
i fertility were examined with much 
lnterf«t by the group of about loO 
fertilizer manufacturers and dealer? 
which assembled for a conference at 
the New Jersey Agricultural Experi- 
ment Station. New Bntnswicli, on 
June 23rd. Professor A. W. Hlalr 
called attention to the fact that good 
crops had been grown for twenty- 

eight years fjn cylinders which re- 
<:eived nnither barnyard nor green 
manure, — only lime and commercial 
fertilizers. The visitors were able tn 
detect littlh lifterence between thn 
stand .)f oats on the cylinders which 
recelv'.id gr-ien manures and thos • 
which 'ildn't. In most oases the cyl- 
inders which received fertilizer but 
no llm>-" were Almost bare. Said Pro- 
fessor Blair: "If the soil is in bad 
ph.'sioal i^ndltlon crop failure i.i 
sure to follow." 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

Interest in tuberculin testing in 
Lancaster County has been stimulat- 
ed by .\;i onlinance passed this year 
by the city of Lancaster. It specifies 
that all milk brought into the city 
for human .jonsumption after Janu- 
ary 1, i:*26. must (ome from teste! 
herds. Bftujt Hemprteld and West Lam- 
peter townships, wliich prodiic- 
much of Lmcar.ter'H milk supply, ar^- 
nearly ready for an area test. Dairy- 
men in Colerain and Caernaron town- 
.sbipf, who 4hip milk to Philadelphin 
have Also signud up in such number-. 
that their sections will soon be ready 
for testing m the accredited area 
plaii. ] 

♦ ♦ ♦ 
William F. Oreenawalt, of Prank- 
liu«iy, Pft.. lias be-n appoln.e.l 
ossintant to P. O. Niesley. county 
agent ot ('.duml)ia County, and Wal- 
ter E. Arnold, of Fayette County, has 
been malt- assistant to W. H. Van- 
Sant. connfv agent In Lycoming 
County. Both Qreenawalt and Arnold 
were faim reared and both wcrH 
graduated from the animal hushanil-j 
ry course at the Pennsylvania Statfj 
College this year. Arnold was on W\ 
Penn State Judging team tttat wen^P 
to the Eastern States Exposition a 
Sprlngfleltl, MassachUBetts, last y^'^l 
and Orepnani'lt was on the t.asj 
that went to the Ii'« -national LivJ 
st.Kk Expo*'"-- 

"nie Lawrence 

Pnblishing Ck>mpaiiy 


Vol. 92— No. 1 


"Whole Ho, 1468 

Penn State Field Day Draws Crowds 

Voung Farmers and Older One.. Spend . Busy Day at Penns, Ivania .State College 

i LTHO ThurRdav. June 18 was a p-nnH a^^l- #/»» ... - S 

A LTHO ThurRday. June 18. was a good day for 

■i*. making hay and cultivating corn, over three 

thousand Pennsylvania farmers and their fajnllies 

left their crops and went to State College for the 

laiinual Farmers' Field Day on that date. There 

Itli.y put in a busy day inspecting the cxperlmenta 

[on the College farms, watching demonstrations of 

various kinds, judging livestock, and eating the 

Piiry Husbandry Department's good ice cream. 

The program started at .S;00 A. M when 
groups set out to observe the results of forty 
years' experiments with fertilizers, lime and man- 
ure; to look at the rarlety test* on alfalfa, wheat, 

,oatB. and barley; to inspect the poultry plant- to 

I learn how to plant and prune roses; to watch a 

iKardcn tractor demonstration: to see how to 

Ibuild a farm septic tank; and to listen to talks 

Ion practical methods for producing Grade A and 

I Certified milk. 

At 10:00 A. M. and 1:36 and 3:00 P. M dem- 

oiistraiionfi, lectures and demonstration trips 

were started on scores of other .sub- 

iJects. The day's program touched 

I upon ererything from rope Rplicing 

land poultry culling to orchard duut- 

|in- and woodland valuation. 

Keen interest wan shown In the 

liv.slock Judging contents. Mr. A. 

Bpousler Shearer, of Perry Coun- 
ty won over ninety other con- 

lestants in «he farmers' dairy cat- 
lie judging contest. In judging four 

klasses of dairy animals he made n 

kore of 361 points out of a po.ssible 

loo. The prize, which was awarded 

ly the Dairy Hushandr>- Department. 

^as n purebred AypFhire heifer calf! 
great granddaughter of Aachen- 

Imin nrown Kafe 4th. for manv 

lea's world's champion butterfat 

producer of the breed. 

Climax of Young Fanners' Week 

The Field Day m-as one of weveral 

I'cr d.nyH for the two hundred Iwys 

|nd pirls who spent the week at 

•at, The climax of Vonng 

Farmers' Week was reached on the 

fvenlng of the l«fh when the win- 

ners in the junior judging contests were an- 
nounced. The ribbons and trophy cups were pre- 
sented hefore a large crowd of visitors in the Col- 
lege Auditorium. 

Altho the girls were in the mlnorltv. it was 
a team of girls from Cumberland OountV that won 
the Pennsylvania Farmer tixiphy in the poultrv 
M..u"^«?"*'^!:l- "^^^ «"en'bers of this team were 
Nellie Oiler. Newville; Grace Krider, Newville- 
Mary Kramer, Carlisle. 

^J\\ * «"" ^'■""' ^^'' Ppt^rsburg Vocational 
School in Huntingdon County won the dairv cat- 
tle judging contest, and was awarded the PeoB- 
sylvanla Bankers' Association trophy. Tht three 

and Charles Hawn. will represent Ponn.^vlvanl.T 

"airy Show in Indianapolis next fall 

Ivan Haugh. William Bi,rr and Clark So-)ger 
were the three bovs from Jefferson CountVlZ 
won the swine judging contest and were awarded 

the Northumberland Cmuity Duroc Breeders' Ab- 
>ociat:on trophy. The Jetfe^^on County team won 
this same contest last rear. 

The following ii.,c pivr'the rank of the vari- 
ou-s county teams .n„., i„.lividuals and the ^re 

rng'^o'n^e;^ '." ''^ '""'"' ^"'•™"^- ^^^^ J^^" 

Poultry JntleinB Contest 


1. Cumberland, :u.C; 2, Indian.a. 

Greene. 763.5; 4. Che.trr. U$S: 5 

s" r" I o,"'""- ■*' **^ "• "^^^P"- «".0: «. Erie 
11 r; u "'"''•."'•"• ^"' ^'--tn'oreland. 6oTo 
11. BrarUcrn. 60tV0: 12. Potter 574 5- id \t t' 
>in. 662.0; 14. Dauphin. .=i,^« ' ^^' ■^"^■ 

1, David .<;raholdf. rh,-ct; ,- toc e. <, «• „. 

7S2.0; 3, 
Coin nubia. 

.Miiry Kramer. Cumbtrl 

Swine Jnciging Contest 

J-fferscm, 697.3; 2. Cumber- 

»'<ntre. 603.5; 4 

5. Perry. 643.6; 6. 

nauphln. 487.4: S. 

f> Indiana. 406 s- 

n, MifHin. .172.7,' 


land. fiT4.{i, 
Cohimlii.-;. ."^sa.O; 
Blair. 518. S; 7.' 
Bradford. 42S.8: 
10, Potter. 4f«2.J>: 

"•/'!*fi«"'- ^■''■»: 13. Westmore- 
land. .^37..^; 14. L .uM.t.r, 274.0. 

1, Edgar .«^trohni. Cumberland 
2, C!.irk Songer, Jefferson 
•'• nilli. Barr. Jefferson 
* Ivan Hangh. Jefferson 
5. William Walker, Centre 


riKia u.iy inctures on page 13. 

Dain JtidRing Contest 

1. Huntingdon. 741.6; 2. Dauphin 
'fO.7: .1. Blair. 70«.i; 4. Chester. 
r..4.4; 5. Potter. 663.4; 6. Erie 
enrt.n: :. Colnmhia. 648.2: 8. Mont- 
gomery. 641 f*: 9. Sullivan. 640 9- 
10. Cameion. 62f» 2; n. Bi.tvpt. 
(Continued on pag" 17) 

Y ---^ ' -i^.uirs on page la. (Continued on pag.> 17) 

League Farmers Visit New York City 

^I'-Jr-l^i^ ''T^^.^'""' ^■""P<™'"c-» Annual M„t,„. 

EARLY two thousand delegates, dairymen and 
««- iw , ''^^"•'*- convened at New York City on 
^M *""* ^ "'^ ""**' enthusiastic annual 

eeungB the Dairy nun's League Cooperative As- 
Biation has ever held. The dairymen gathered 

Irge^i'm J" *^^ ""'^ '""^ *" ""^ '•«'»'•< <" their 
■rgest market and tbe recepfion from el»v or«n- 

IT , ''^ *"« ^^^^ ''»« secured bb a per- 
il k- .1 <lonilnating factor in the control of 
f Th T,"' «'!«' New York milk shed. 

>r»?J ^^''^'fa*«' assembled represented the six 

itu;e „f ?l°"*' **»««*«hi«etta and Connecticut. A 
Piuie of the meeting, aside from the full and en- 

lnrir.rt Z'"^''*"'' '*■"* *^*' attendance of f^everal 

r. ii, iheT Tf™*" ^^'^ "« *»**°8 ao a«*»^ 

l« looaU S if" , •'',/'** Cooperative Assocla- 

to t^L^"- f 7«»«'>««' •'"ring n,e year, to bring 
I™ aTui r i^*° prominence in the League af- 

F ^"le, of tlie loeala ifcmout tke L»agneH» ter- 

Pi-esldent George W. .s'ioen.n. of ,h. A.-.-^oila- 
ton. In a masterly review of the year's busin.-., 
discussed the change.- in policy „f ,he organ, za- 
« Ion and d.-<eribed tlie oi..r.-,tlng and ni<.nl„rNhlp 
problems upon whirl. ,I,e .A.-.oeiatlon personnel 
lire now working. H.- called nitentioii to the de- 
T»-lopiueni m the Le«^,. from a small group of 
men In Orange County. N. Y.. in 1907. on thru 
the milk war of 1916 and np to the pr»>>.ent time 
when the organization is doin.^ a liUslne.s.- of ap- 
proximately 65 million dollars a year and repre- 
sents a metnher.'^hlp of .Tppif-xiniately 66 000 
dairymen In six milk produr^ng .-tates. 

Distribution of Expenses Explained 

He explained tlie policy of binlK.ting of ex- 
PeneeB, inatalled during the year, which has work- 
ed out fiucc«8Bfully to the point that the Asso- 
rtatlon makes a distribution of U.« . xpenses on 
the basis of 100 pound.= of milk, thereby applying 
the operating and adminstratlve costs equitably 
among all members. This relicTCs the producer, 
lie explained, of a «>urden that previously under 

lh» monthly dislributipn plan was extraordinar 
ily heavy during <i it.nin nionthsr of the vear The 
method of accounting has broimht .iboiit derided 
economies In opetntlon which resulted In a total 
paving .It the en/I of the past fiscal year of 

The total lahor charge applied to weh 100 
pounds of milk handled amounts to not more 
ilian ten cents per 100 poundfi i.nd commenting 
upon the salary costs for employes. Prt^ldent 
filocum said, "We ronld cut the .alary of eve^v 
employe in the cottntry and city, including execti- 
Hves and department heads, in half and it woulr' 
effect the pool price a%out five cents per hundred 
and further, if all ,he officers of the Association 
worked for the A.«sociatio„ witho,,, conVp^at on" 
the effect on (he pool price would be less than 
one-sixteenth of one cent per hundred poimds," 

One of the oitstanding features of the year im 
reported at the meeting was the expanslonTf th" 

Jdlrl '"f*"' '" ^"'^ ^"'•^ <^"y "" to a <^- 
irj^'^ii:':!:'" "•"" ^*"- '» ^^■'terB te^- 
lory. Thifl has be<>n accomplished fto pace 17] 





Entered as second-ciass matter at the post office at Pbila., Pa. 
under the act of March i, 18"y. 


MARCO MOKliOW, VicePrcs. F. H. NANCE, Secretary 

NEFF LAING. Manager 
It. P. KESTER, Editor 

C. L. WHITE, Associate Editor 


Household Editor 

Staff Coittributors and AdWsers 
PROF. A. A. BORLAND, Dairying 

DR. W. C. FAIR. V. S., Veterinarian 
DR. S. W. iT, ETCHER. Fruit Crops 
R. C. KIR BY, Poultry 

DR. j. G. tlT.MAN, Soils and Fertiliier* 
W. C. PEl.TON. Garden and Truck Crops 
PROF. W. H. TOMIIAX'E, Beef Cattle, Horses. Sheep. Swin« 

GENERAL OFFICE — 261-263 South 3rd Street, Phila. P». 

Br.inch Offices for Advertising only : 

aeveland, O.— 1011 Oregon Ave. N. V. City— 120 W. 42nd St. 

Chicago. Illinois. — 608 South Dearborn Street 

Detroit, Michigan, 1C32 Lafayette Blvd. 

Five Years, 260 copies, $3.00 Three V'ears, 156 copies, $2.00 
Two Years, 104 " 1.50 One Year, 52 '" 1.00 

Remit by draft, postoffice or express money order or registered 
letter. AddrcM all communications to, and make all remittancea 
payable to 

The Lawrence Publishing Company, Philadelphia, Pa. 

8S cents per acate-line measurement, or $7.70 per inch (14 lines 
per inch), each insertion. No advertisement of less than three 
fines inserted. No deceptive, immoral swindling advertisements 
inserted at any price. Pennsylvania Fanner advertisers are 
reliable. S;< rates for livestock .ind classified advertising. 
Complete information furnished on request. 

■■Bbsr Atrteullurtl PuUlibtrs Au'a and Audit Bursta a( ClRulatlsMi 

Vol. 92. Na 1. Phil^., Pa., July 4, 1925 Whole No. 1468 

OUR JOB Is to serTe our readers. Whenerar 
you are puzzled write to us and we will help 
you if we can. 

TennsyWania Farmer 

vancetl acicortlingly. During llu" two yt^ars 
ii sluiiip, especially in the ease of grapes, has 
taken place. This is .said to he due to the 
increased inanui'aeture of .synthetie tlavorings, 
tliat is, llavorings made by combinations of 
ihemicals, the chief one being an extract from 
eoal tar. The public should insist on receiv- 
ing the pure fruit juices when they order ice 
cream, sundaes, soft drinks, etc. The dis- 
pensers are rctjuired by law to furni.srh them 
when they give the impre-s-soin that they sell 
them. Buyers should not allow the seller to 
palm ott' .synthetic flavors when the real thing 
is wanted. There is need for as much pub- 
licity on tliis subject as baa beon accorded 
artificial butter, and the law should be just 
as strictly enforced. 

He who loses wealth loses much, he who loses a friend 
loses more, iul he thai loses his courage loses all. — Ceroanies 

President Thomas Resigns 

TIIR eitizens of i'.-nn.sylvania were sur- 
prised and ri'grctt'ul upon learning the 
other day Ibat rresidont Tiiomas. of Pennsyl- 
vania State College, had tend-n-d his resigiin- 
tion, having; ac('cj)ted a .similar position as 
head of Rutgers College in New Jersey. Pres- 
ident Tiiomas worked liard tliiring his four 
years' stay at I'enu Slate to develop that in- 
stitution into what he felt it ought to be in 
order to ineit tiie needs of the great Kej'stone 
State. Kut the odds Cand i)olities) seemed 
to be against the fuHillment of his desires and 
Penasyhauia one of the most aggressive 
and eon«tnietive educators it has ever had 
within itH borders. .\'o tluubt he will have 
in New Jersey the financial support he did 
not have in Pennsylvania. 

Crop Prospects 

LATBST reports give tlie conditi(>u.s of 
crops thniout the I'nited States as five 
per cent below tie' average conditions. A 
large part of the ildicieiiey is due to the poor 
condition of wiieat in the chief wheat-grow- 
ing sections. Only twelve states out of tlie 
forty-eiglit show normal or above normal con- 
ditions and Pennsylvania is one of them. Of 
course, tixis comi>arison may not hold until tin- 
end of the season as a gn-at deal will depend 
upon how much damage the pn-scnt drought 
in the castam sectioa may do. Oats and rye 
thruout the nation are mueli below the aver- 
age, and fruit piiiiiiisfs to \>y a smaller cro|> 
than in lfl24. In many places corn is thin on 
the gronnd, probal)ly due to poor seed, altho 
tlie crop as a whole premises to be good. It 
is feared that potatoes are more or less per- 
uianently injured by the lack of moisture. 

Synthetic Juices 

AFTER the close of the war, and upon the 
advent of prohibition, the consumption of 
pure fruit juices jumped a.s much as 400 per 
cent in sonne cases. Orapes and small fniits 
were in tremendous di-mantl and prices ad- 

Radio Programs 

W^: PUBLISH on page fifteen of this issue 
a list of questions which we ask every 
reader having a radio to fill out and mail to 
us. There is a nation-wide movement to find 
out how farmers use the radio and what they 
would like to have added or changed. This is 
the first big effort that has been made in this 
direction and it can be successful only if 
people will give the information. The radio is 
now an establislied institution and has defi- 
nitely passed out of the realm of novelties 
into one of pennanent usi'fulness. The broad- 
easting stations were at first under the neee.s- 
sity of giving what was to be had, or what 
the broadcasters thought the people would 
like. In this way they have done well, but 
they now realize that as the novelty has .some- 
what worn off people want practical features 
added also. If the list of questions does not 
cover all the points about which you wish to 
express an opinion, write your ideas in the 
form of a letter and send it with the ques- 

Treatment of Farm Labor 

THE Department of Agriculture has just 
completed a study of the farm labor con- 
ditions in the northeastern states and an- 
nounces the conclusion that a good part of the 
tlillicultics fanners in this section have in se- 
curing and keeping farm labor is their own 
fault. The leading three factors which make 
if hard to get and keep labor on farms in this 
territory may be summed up as: Irregularity 
of emi)loyment, unsatisfactory housing con- 
ditions, and lack of labor-.saving devices. Wo 
tpiote from the pul)lished statement: 

"Farmers in this section say they can get 
only the poorest kind of labor. While the in- 
vestigation tends to bear out this charge, the 
blame for it is not placed on the workers. The 
indilT.'i-cnt chaiai-ter of much farm labor is 
the result t»f conditions that could be remedied 
in large part by the farmers. It is reeommend- 
ctl that they should provitb- steadier work, use 
more labor-saving methods and provide better 
housing conditions." 

The report goes into some detail concern- 
ing the practices on New Jersey truck farms 
where Italian families are brought out from 
cities in summer, and intimates that the hours 
.ire too long, the pay meager, and living con- 
ditions intolerable. Comparison is made with 
a large successful farm where good conditions 
and management cxis/ and where the owner 
has no tlifficulty in keeping good, efficient 
Inlp, altho the wages average twenty-five 
cents per day less. 

We have no doubt many farmers in our 
territory will be inclined to resent the com- 
ments of the Department's investigators and 
say that farm returns do not justify the cre- 
ation of better conditions. On the face of it 
this <xcuse seems reasonable but there are 
tiim!s when a larger outlay for fundamental 
needs is wise and profitable. The editor of 
this paper visited a truck grower this spring 

July 4. 1925 

where work was pressing and labor scarce. A 
strong, willing colored man had been hired 
that morning and did a good day's work. That 
night he was given two horse blankets and 
shown to a shack where four tons of fertiliz- 
er were stored and told that he could make 
his bed on the sacks of fertilizer. He left 
the next morning. 

This subject is so important tliat it is well 
worth treating seriously whether we like it 
or not. 

Up in Arms 

ACCORDING to a news story published in 
Jersey Shore Herald the farmers in the 
northern part of Lycoming County are on the 
war path because of the depredations done by 
deer and the activities of the game wardens in 
that section. So much damage has been done 
growing crops that certain farmers have kill- 
ed deer out of season and have been arrested 
and fined for it. These farmers have held 
meetings and passed resolutions condenuiing | 
laws which allow the property of the state 
trespass privileges which animals of tax-pay- 
ing citizens do not enjoy. They protest against 
the law which permits the imposing of a fine 
without a trial by jury, and ask that the state 
be compelled to pay the entire cost of fencing. 
Every year this question comes up in some 
form from some part of the state. Pennsyl- 
vania affords splendid opportunity for game ; 
and the majority of its citizens are favorable 
to reasonable game development. There is no 
reason why its vast forest preserves may not 
be used for this purpose. But the matter must 
not be allowed to as.sume such projwrtions as I 
to jeopardize the rights and property of thel 
citizens of the Commonwealth. The rights of I 
the man who pays a small annual huntingl 
license are not greater than the rights of thel 
man who owns a little home, pays his tax, andj 
raises a living for his family. 

Referred without Comment 

UNDER this heading we publish an odiL 
torial on some current topic taken froml 
the columns of a contemporary paper. It«f 
publication docs not necessarily mean that thel 
sentiments expressed are the sentiments ofj 
Pennsylvania Farmer. — Editors. 

Horses and beef cattle are scheduled to b«l 
higher in prices in a few years, according tol 
Profs. G. W. Warren and F. A. Pearson, ofj 
Cornell University. They figure that sheepi 
are probably now at or near peak price*! 
Hogs will be high for a year yet, and eggj 
prices have a fair chance for some recoveryj 
These conclusions are announced on a 8tud.r 
of cycles in production and prices. It is pointj 
ed out that many important farm products gff 
thru definite e.vcle8 of prices Avhich requin' 
characteristic number of years or months in 
the i>roce.s.s. On the average eleven years ai 
required for horse prices to run from high Vi 
low or vice versa, about eight years for beej 
cattle, four and one-half years for sheep unC 
eggs and about thirty-two months for hof 
According to these authorities, eggs decline 
rapidly during the past year. This declii 
was as great as usually occurs during the ei 
tire cycle. Since the decline has been so grut 
and since feed has been so high, the industr 
may be .sumciently curtailed to allow recover 
sooner than usual. It is thought hogs \yil 
continue high for another year. This rctVr| 
ence to cycles of production and prices im 
cates the logic used by many New Englai 
fanners who say that the way to profit 
any branch of agriculture is to stay with ' 
specialty year in and year out. Their exjvef 
cnce proves this a safer and more profitaWj 
course than to jump in when prices are hit 
and then get out when prices are low. 
latter policy has cost many a farmer 1»« 
earned money.— New England Homestead. 

July 4. 1926 

Washington Letter 

— President and Mrs. Coolldge are 
away on their summer vacation at 
Swampscott, Mass. This leaves little 
activity in Washington administra- 
tion lines. Before his departure the 
President made a pronounceinont on 
governmental economy, which is a 
matter of nuieb importance to farm- 
CTB. In the past four years, he points 
out, the annual expenditures of the 
federal government have been re- 
duced $2,081,000,000, and the pub- 
lic debt has decreased |3, 426, 000,- 
000. While the returns are not all 
In, It was estimated that we will end 
this fiscal year with a surplus of 

The way has been prepared for fur- 
ther tax reduction, says the Presi- 
dent. The demand is already being 
made for a $500,000,000 tax reduc- 
tion at the next session of Congress. 
Secretary of the Treasury Mellon and 
several admlnstration senators are 
insisting th.1t the cut be made on 
surtaxes, while other senators are In- 
sisting that the tax on small incomes 
be reduced or eliminated. Senator 
Harris. of Gcovki.t. declares that 
married people whose income does 
not exceed $5000 should be exempt 
from Income taxea. He also would 
exempt those whose taxable Income 
is not more than $500. as It costs 
the government more to collect than 
It receives from such taxes. 

— At the farm oiganizatfon head- 
quarters the question is being asked: 
"Why not ufp the annual accumula- 
tions in the Treasury in more rapid- 
ly paying off the government debt, 
and reduce the vast interest pav- 
ments?" This is regarded as the log- 
ical way for the government to save 
money. It would mean more as an 
efficiency proposition than the dis- 
charge of a few government clerks. 

compliance with Ihc act of Congress 
approved March 3. 1925. which pro- 
vides for a prcllminar>- examination 
and survey of the proposed deep wat- 
erway from the Great Lakes to the 
iHudson Rlvor. work on the survey 
Iwlll be begun isoon. a board of of- 
Iflcers of the corps of engineers of 
Ithe army having been appointed for 
the purpose by the War Department 
This waterway is to be a ship canai 
Icapable of carrying ocean commerce 
|thru to the Great Lakes. 

tADlSH — Growers of horseradish in 
this country are asking for an in- 
crease in the tnriff on horseradish, 
'rom June. 1D24. to June. 1925. Im- 
>orts amounting to 64.757 pound? 
came thru the port of Boston. 86.8.T4 
pounds thru Philadelphia, and 
[2.130,767 pounds to New York, all of 
^hlch (.ime from Germany. This is 
largo incro.i.s-.. over previous years, 
land the gro\ver.~i in this country sav 
'hey must have a higher tariff to 
compete with the.'se Imports. 

►F COOPERATION.— JIany farmers- 
cooperative niarkding associations 
ire planning to send their managers 
T other rppresentalivess to the sum- 
iier session of the American Insti- 
tute of Cooperation at the University 
)f Penn.'-ylvania. July 20 to August 
15. acrordinc to information recelv- 
■'' ^y Secretary Chiirles W. Holman. 
ooperation in marketing dairy 
)rofInrts will have a large place on 
this year's program. 

ne Crop K. portine Board of the De- 
r""]^n' f»f Agriculture has under 
ipnslrlrration n proposition to pub- 
w,tt ! wiH-at estimates in terms of 
Wtn ? .*' 5'^"''' P*''' •■"■'•e by Indf- 
HV.„ « "*•'""•" "'^♦'••"■•5 of giving condi- 
l»on figures as at pre-enf.- E B R 

in ^XTh ^^^ !}'*^* «"<'«'«^ »>«« been 
Jn sections where there are large 

floiirs containing certain properties, 
rtnrw^**,''^ meetings is to be held 
'luring the summer with the idea of 
advancing the home market, while 
contests for bread baked with special 
"«""'«"*•»» n« that held between 
tln^l hospitals and similar Institu- 
tions this month, will be extended. 

statistical end of the State Depart- 
ment of Agriculture is getting readv 
to ask crop reporters for Information 
as to extent of acreage In potatoes, 
tobacco and other staples this sum- 
mer. The reports will be asked as of 
July 1 and are looked forward to 
With much interest because of rum- 
ors of curtailment due to markets 
and weather. The next call will also 
be on prospects for the grain crops 
In southern Pennsylvania heavy 
rains have improved conditions the 
last few days. 

State Employment Bureau, which 
has been paying special attention to 
meeting requests of farmers, orch- 
ard owners and others for "hands" 

Tennsiftvania Farmer 

refu.sed to pa.s8 the bill for continu- 
ing the first board will as-sure a study 
of the subject, especially on the rural 
phase. Harold Evans, public service 
commissioner and one of the mem- 
bers of the new board, has given 
much attention to this branch of 
power devolopnienf. The subject is 
to be kept alive and will probably 
figure m the legislative elections 
next year as much .is law enforce- 

In the last few d.iys complaints have 
started to come in against proposed 
increases of rates for telephone sei-v- 
ice in rural communities notably the 
northern tier. There have been few 
ca.se8 of this kind lately owing to 
the Public Service Commission hav- 
ing esta/blished certain principles and 
these complaints may result in ex- 
tended hearings on costs In rural 

— Plans of the state educational au- 
thorities on expansion of vocational 
training work are commencing to de- 
velop and it is possible some regional 
conferences may be held. In spitw of 
the summer season there have been 


consistent thinning, market experts 
maintain. Demonstrations In fhln- 
iiing have been conducted In Bur- 
Inigton. Camden. Atlantic and oTher 
counties. The bigger peach growe% 

Jan o?r;^ .""*•''•' '""'^ Pn^tice^ 
Pait of their business procedure for 

SdWfon ?*^ '^'"^"^^ ^^^^^ ^^ 
ijxpjrtly following su t a.s they see the 

better quality of fruit bSing 
higher prices. """King 

TESTING SEED CORIN.-/rhe poor of .seed corn thruout New 

geneial testing of seed than in anv 
one previous year. In so^e cases 
more than half of the corn held for 
seed was found to be unfit In some 
counties the farm agents reported 
practically 100 per cent o? th^'^^'oTn- 

Infol^t/"''^ *" *'''''"'•"« their corn. 
Information 4Jn selection methods and 
Pioper sources for securing S was 
vv.deiy distributed, with the result 
that farmers are looking for a good 

IhTsecd" '"'""^ *'« *'^"»"^ -'^ 

K^^P-ff;''^''^ POULTRY MAR- 
rn^\7 V,'"''""*^" ^"'^ others in 
Cape May County have recently been 
discussing the advisability of a «>- 
operative poultry market at Wild- 
wood. The growth of this section as 
a poijltry and egg-producing area 
has stimulated the need for a local 
market service and a more direct 
outlet for poultry products. The out- 
let for eggs at Wild wood and other 
summer resort sections is large It is 
thought that a cooperatWo market 
plan where poultrymen and farmers 
can deliver their products, would 
save time in delivery as well as less- 
en competition and unfair cuttin" of 
pHees Sevonil of the poultrv associa- 
tions in southern New Jersev have 
expressed approval of the plan. 

Agriculture Contest Committee of 
Somerset County, which annuallv 
holds one of the best junior exhibits 
in the state, recently announced that 
over 1120 boys and girls have al- 
ready entered the contest for this 
season. This year promises to result 
In the biggest project which the 
contest committee has staged The 
"uTU- ^.F- ^' ^"^^ boards, 
." "a.lnilllB ^''''' "^ "^''^^'y ^^''P- 


As it looks to the farmfr. 

Harrisburg Letter 

„„^J"-I-EIl« HARD TO MOVE — 
torbi '^"'■^'•»" of Markets ofliclals 
roTKing on plans to enlarge the 
lome market for Pennsylvania wheat 
VrJtJ facers in the state's big 
Tetil^'"*'^'"* counties to plant va- 
ak "''^''■ed a.s flour constituents by 
rtf^'^f' ®^*' been having success 

"« farmers, but It has been anoth- 
-rJ^i " t° ^*t millers to pay a 

'nintm for special varieties and 

has had a variety of experience.^'. In 
most Instances the demand, notably 
In southeastern Peiinsvlv.iiiia. 
been for people who have either been 
.alsed on farms or who know gener- 
al farming. In other words the call 
Is now more than ever for the skill- 
ed agricultural worker. Harvest 
hands, orchard workers and the like 
have been pretty well engaged. Th-' 
demand for farm help outside of the 
."oiitheaslern sert ion is more or less 

— The Depniiincnt of .^grirultur,' is 
getting leady to enforce the n»w law 
oil legistraiion of bram'f.ii oi insecii- 
cides. fungicides and the like wlilrh 
will brine those art'cles utider the 
same control as fertilizers anri Paris 
green. Opportunity Is to be given 
dealers to get stork straight«-iie.l out. 
Incidentally. Dr. J. W. Kello,';g. who 
is in charge of this work as well as 
of food supervis-ion now, is busy with 
prosecutions of people refusing to 
register ferlilize.s. This failure to 
list brands has been one of the most 
surprising features of ad mi nst rat Ion 
this year. 

Pinchot's aetion in naming his own 
Giant Power Board under the admin- 
istrative code when the leglslattire 

numerous- inquiries on vocattona! 
ronrso^ eomiMcr hetv. — Hamilton 

New Jersey Letter 


-One of th.. features of the Stand- 
ard Roads de Plan, recently p„t into 
"ffeet by the New Jersey State Bu- 
1 •■■-11. of Markets, is the location of the 
markets at lea-t ten feet from h'-^h- 
" :'ys. The purpose of this ts to elfm- 
niate conirestion in the virlnltv of 
the tnarkets which at the height of 

Inn «e.n«M»n fff-niientlv i«.i»^ .- T , • 

oils policing pt^obietii' "ir^nddlfToT 
the more fiivoiahle settln.g with 
MI iple imrktng space for customers is 
;i iMti.M- buslne.B.s move ami .•should 
-lininlafe more siles at the better 
Mi.'iik.t plnces. The State Hiirhwav 
and Sfit.. H'<Ulh Departments have 
lerentlv expressed Interest In thia 


Con«isti'nt effort of countv agent- 
state extension workers and horticul- 
tural organizations in New Jer.aev's 
fruit areas, i." being made to Improve 
the size and quality of peaches which 
will go to market this season. New 
Jersey's peneh crop, altho consider- 
ably emallrr than last year, needs 

New York Letter 

Rur.ll folks of Onondaga Countv have 
cleaned and fitted up an empty barn 
Handing half way between two 
»own.s. as a county theatre. The first 
{day. "Back to the Farm." from the 
miverslty of Minnesota, proved so 
successful that a series of New York 
Tl?i/.f"''' •"''*■" ^■'" be .prcsenterr. 
sioi efnl"* outgrowth of the exten- 
sion classes In rural draaatics held 
this year and last. 

<3»n''^^^ifS?^ KNTBRTAINBD— The 

State College is llu<,nge<- vith visit- 
Ing junior project workers this week 
One county alone sends 200 for three 
days of in.structlon and amusements 
The rma boys an.i girls are this year 
offered eight $250 scholarshipsb 
the Sta„, „„„^,,,, As..oclatio„ ^o t 
used towards expenses of a four-vear 
course or for a winter course at some 
of he .states special schools of agri- 

«". "k^ "" .'"""'^' "^'""omlcs. Awards 
will bo made on three counts In pr„- 
J.'ct work, actual project accomplish- 
ment.-,, an examination In the .sub- 
ject, and the story of the project or 

TOO MUCH CREDIT— At th^ »»,„., 
ty-secoiiil annual eonventlon of the 
New York Sf.te B.mkers' Associa- 
tion, with a registration of 500 the 
retiring president expr.^8ed dLssati*. 
faction with the present tendencv to 
too iiiiich credit. "We must put 'the 
bralics on spending for unneces'^ary 
articles and luxiirir-.s.- he Siild. He 
pronounced the past year one of and encouragement. H« 
uiged strong county organizations to 
rub out local problems. Prof. Martha 
Van Rensselaer, head of the new Col- 
lege of Home Ecunoniirs. um^ed more 
education In hou.sehold financing aa 
a practical means of doubling In- 
comes. "Women's expenditures affect 

everv big business." shi- said 

M. G. P. 



Pennspivania Farmer 



Limited time offi 
Ordrr now, Thc«e 
nrf« guaranteed agaimt 
{i-uiicturek lim cuti and 
•tone bruiset. Recundition. 
rd uid dcuble-treadrd in 
our rwn factory 



.'< >1 

30x3 Fabric. S6.00. 2 tor $7.00. 
tube* $1.35. OVERSIZE COROt 

Lilt tw t. For 2. TvkM M. 


















S3X4 .... 




Mx4 .... 



















35XS .... 




All ordtr* 

mart b« 

MoompuM by 

money ordir 

or check. 


041 Noi Br**0 St.DMt B.mi^P& 

A Modern Bathroom, $60 

Conslits or Briin>rj Bathiiih and Baala ■'^yuh'ia 
Action ntroiu TMtt »bi1 Tunis wit* Nlttol FWJ- 
r*ets. Tnp and j^upph i'lpps. Onamitefd and 
manufirturwl by 3. L. Mort t'o. Conu'lata Jtaeof 
Plunhliui (nd nvatinc SuprllMi devrtbcd in our 

DOW FMs- l'Uill<«llt> IMI. 


254 WMt 34th St., N«w York CHy 

NOW! New Low Engine Prices 



•-«anr to o wBtbafaBMoa 
Itaadnd WITTB Kn- 

gam. UwaKaroHM, 
imBd^ DUtiUat* me 

Caa. Eonippcd wtOi eelebrmtod Tretibtopnsf 

WICO Mavnetai, Blmpleat and ehaapaat to op« 

trata. W— O m laa ■talwaf»«tii»>aa». OWaaiplBa 

ncKBIIIBCai Po*"- BlMattotOH-P— aatt^laa. 

nttE BW KW BoM dirae* tram Cacter* to *oa oa 


■■■■* MWR Wrlto today fa* ay bow lOwtratai 

Wlno boofc-a«nt abaaltoly yraa. MaakU«aSlastay««. 


IMl WH«o ■alMht*. ... RAMSAsetrr, MOli 

a— 1 ■ ■ M l r » ■■J M I J M... . WTT— U»OM. PiC/ 



In colors explahia 
- how you can sav« 
money on Farm Truck or Road 
Wa(OB«, alae atcal or wood ■bula to M 
any running 
rear. Send far 
it today. 


n n inff a 

Ice Cream Freezer 

Two Quart Size 

Freeie your own ice cream, 
fruits and wafer Ices with a 
Jeannette High Speed Freeeer. 
Ten ta 2?te«s als'Jtes dees the 

Pull dire<;tion8 and many re- 
cipes for raalcinK ice cream, 
fruitB and water ices accom. 
pany each freezer. We will 
Bend you one of these wonder 
freezera parcel prepaid for 
8 yearly subacriptions to Penn- 
sylranla Farmer at fl.OO each 
or with your own renewal and 
$1.00 additional. 

PanotHnnia Farmar tf I S. 3rd St. Htile. Pe. 


entfoB Penn^lvania Farmer 
when writing to advertisers. 




Neshaminy Gardens 

(Dim FARM) 
IVhtn an EJUor fVorkt ani Think* 


THE dry weather has shortened 
considerably the early potato 
crop in the Philadelphia district. No 
matter bow much it may rain now, 
the drought in May and June baa 
crippled that crop this year. ETven 
the late crop will, no doubt, be af- 
fected to some extent. The deficiency 
in rainfall since January first up to 
this time (June 22) is over four 
inches and it is all charg«able to 
May and June. At Xeshaminy Gar- 
dens the peas have suffered most 
from lack of moisture. Peas require 
a cool, moist season for big yields 
and they have bad just the opposite 
this year. However, we have done 
fairly well because the price has been 
good. We shall try the experiment of 
planting eome more this week. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

OUR melons were a good while 
coming up 'because of the dry weatli- 
er, tout they are doing well now. Ai- 
tbo insects of most kinds are abun- 
dant this year the cuciunber beetles 
have been scarce with us, but we 
shall not complain if the entire race 
is extenninated. We have kept a 
sharp lookout for them but up to 
date have not seen half a dozen on 
th<- 500 melon and cucumber hills. 
But the industrious little white 
moths have been on the Job hovering 
over the cabbage plants and their 
work has been highly successful as 
the hundreds of newly-hatched green 
worms testify. However, they are 
easily controlled by dusting or spray- 
ing. We mix hydrated lime with a 
commercial insecticide, half and half, 
or twenty pounds of hydrated lime 
and one pound of arsenate of lead, 
'lusted on while the dew ii on in the 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

OUR sweet corn Is the only crop 
of which it can be said there is a 
perfect stand this year. The top soil 
was too dry for most seed to come up 
well. But the sweet corn, true to its 
drought resistant nature, seems \.o 
have come thru 100 per cent. It will 
be necessary to pull or cut out at 
least one-third of the stalkl* to have 
It ear well. Our planting was equal- 
ly divided between the Golden Ban- 
tam. Golden Giant and Stowell's 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

I MBT a long, lanky youth from 
Virginia on the train the other day 
In hi.s characteristic southern drawl 
he told me of his desire to find one 
of the five- doUar-a-day-and - board 
Jobs which he said he had heard 
were plentiful in the North. He said 
he had no trado In particular <but was 
a hard worker. He complained that 
the farmers in Virginia were so 
"tight" that they only paid two dol- 
lars and board. He had stopped a 
couple of weeks in Baltimore, but 
could make only eighteen dollars a 
week and It cost him nine dollars to 
live. I tried to let him know that 
the flve-dollar-a-day-and-board Jobs 
were no more, unices one had a trade. 
He blamed the slump in wages on 
the stingy farmers. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

THE yoting man mentioned abore 
i.s typical of the present generation. 
The tremedous wages paid during 
the war prove to have been a curse 
rather than a blessing. They set 
standards that cannot be maintained 
and put impractical ideas into tbe 
heads of even those who were too 
young for Jobs at the time of the 
war. One thing has always seemed 
strange and even ludicrous to me. 
When people other than farmers are 
comparing wages and prices, they 
compare farm prices now with pre- 
war prices but when they compare 

their own wages and prieen they use 
war-time figures. In other words, 
fanners should use pre-war figures as 
a standard while others use war- 
time figures. 

♦ « ♦ 

THE old saying. "It's an JU wind 
that blows no good." finds an appli- 
cation in discussing even the present 
dry season. We find that un^er the 
powder-dry dust mulch of cultivated 
crops the soil has remained moist 
thruout tbe period. The roots of 
plants have with unerring instinct 
gone down to get the moisture, hence 
the crops have root syBtems deeper 
than usual. Last year when the tore 
part of the season was unuauaily wet 
the opposite was true and the shallow 
rooted plants were poorly equipped to 
withstand the dry weather wlHch fol- 
lowed later. By the way. the ques- 
tion of tillage to control moisture to 
which we referred here some time 
ago is treated in an article elsewhere 
in this issue. The results of the Illi- 
nois experiments are so revolutionary 
that they will up-set the teachings 
of many agriculturar autboritie.'v— 
providing they are accepted at face 
Talue.— R. P. K. 

Some Frank Criticism 

Some time ago we a.sked for frank 
criticism and comments on Pennsyl- 
vania Farmer so that we might know 
what our readers think of it. Reply 
letters have been slov in coming in 
but here is one we prize highly be- 
cause it evidently is an honest ex- 
pression of opinion and will help us 
in shaping the iwlicles of the paper. 
Now let's have more of them. — Edi- 

D2AR EDITORS: — You have asked 
your readers to review your 
Pennsylvania Farmer. I a.ssume, most 
gentle Editors, that you mean it; I 
assume also that you realize that a 
erttic feels he has lived in vain It 
ever he lets a soothing line slide un- 
der his fingers. "FHre when Ready — 
and Alway.*? Bo Ready!" la their slo- 

Your great rival is . You 

gave that paper a hard chase several 
years ago. The — — — was too 
darned gentlemanly. We dirt farm- 
ers felt too awfully dirty alongside 
of him, and we quit him because he 
riled us with his monocles and his 
manicures. Then lo! he counted his 
money one day. an<T decided to frat- 
ernize with us. We like him now. 

Thfi Small Farm's Point of View 
There Is your first-page article: It 
ta always good, — for the farmer that 
needs It. Bui this farmer Is not 

July 4. Itii 

often the usual 60- to 100-acre farm- 
er of Pennsylvania. We do not need 
to know how to store a 5000-4>ushel 
crop of potatoes ko much aa we need 
to know how to handle a KO- to 100- 
bashel crop in the same storage room 
with our apples, our potatoes, our 
cabbage, and our turnip.s. And it 
does not take a $10,000,000 State 
College to tell us the things that are 
best for our soul. The man from 
Stoeffel's Indigo firm, who stood next 
to us at Billmeyer's sale, gave the 
crowd more pointers than pages on 
$S0OO rows. W" won't have |3000 
cow.s this side of heavn, and there 
arc a lot of m^ who won't b^ placed 
where \v<; can our knowledge if 

they have them there. Just as 

was too gentlemanly, Pennsylvania 
Farmer i.=i in danger of being too 
technical, "Ne.shaminy fiJardens" 
comes back to our stratum. The de- 
partments on horticulture, etc., are 
full of information: but tbe disjoint- 
ed answers have not the attraction 
of a balanced article. Also the pey- 
choloery of appeal is lacking: talking 
to "tbe other fellow" doesn't mean 

Featnres Especially liked 

The editorial page i.s remarkably 
good. It talks definitely. Instead of 
in generalities. It talks on subject!* 
of patnesfi and verve; It does not 
often drop Info propaganda. — (6ut 
don't you 'ver boost Hoover again In 
life!) And it does not dodge many 
Issues. — (but It did dodge the Farm 
Cen.tus atrocitie.s). 

The Wa.-ihington. Harri.^burg. and 
other points, letters are the second- 
beat feature. — a digest that is fully 
peptonized and assimilible. 

Snggeition for Market Pa(^ 

The market:) are ;in Indi^penatbH 
section. A little paragraph of resami 
and forecast would be a tremendous 
aid. Why Is tbls up and down? Wba» 
approaching condition or supply will 
affect? It would help If cured meat^ 
and lard were listed; many farmer^ | 
market their meats In thcae forms. 

The fiction i.s, all in all. good. 
"The Light In the Clearing" is the 
be?t you have had. "Sister Sue" ww 
.so sweet that .xhe alway* malted be- 
fore wr could read her, and we would 
have to burn the papers on account | 
of thMr drawing the be»s at a tim" 
we had contracted to fill orders with | 
burkwbeat honey. 

Now, I write quite a lot. and I am I 
feeling quite proud of my.?elf. It H 
n'jt every day I get a chance to tell 
my bett-rs what's gooT lor what all.i I 
them. — Nfartha M. Fetter, Montour] 
County. Pa. 





Keeping the Kittens 




OURE k.p-i.K Wl thoi^o klt- 
len-i. tho.-e playing witb th«» 
cut?" .said NeiKhbor Hiram Wllten.<», 
"Why.'s the sen.-.e In that? Two 
Kood eat* are a-plenty, or thret at 
moHf. I'd .sav, and yet wnne ten or 
twenty are frl.Mkinir there today! 

"Wlien my good nioiher kitty 
\ brings thirteen baby helr.H I do not 
•yield to plly nor do I yield to pray- 
ers. I ssiv. 'Old girl. I'm sorry, hut this 
will never do! I'll fake these out. by 
Borry. and drown them two by two!' Why do you let your feelings giv« 
^mmon .sense th. bluff? In all your other dealings you're practical 

"Your way perhapts is proper." said I. "but none tho Jess thlfl *«"* of 
mine's a whopper in certain things. I guess; for frankly, N.ughhor Witten.. 
I could not for a farm drown any of those kittens, or do them aajr »*'«»« 

"They're tiny, cute and purring, .such helpless little things, ^h''" I™ 
as big and stirring as half a doxen kings! Twould seem as sad as murder 
or Casey at the bat for me. a cattle herder, to kill a tiny cat. 

"Then, too, I know of places around the neighborhood where children 
freckled faces will sparkle bright and good, when I deliver present-t. tb^^« 
little furry pets! There'll be .some happy peasants among tbe younger wt - ' 

"So. therefore. Neighbor Wittens, I may be Just a down, but of tbcsoi 
baby kittens not one shall eTW drown!"— J. Bdw. Tufft. 

jjuly 4. 192S 

Why Cultivate Com? 

N ORDER to assist in developing 
the important principles of econ-. 
Iniic and successful corn cultivation, 
Tlio Illinois Agricultural Experiment 
Itation has conducted several experi- 
pents on different soil types and ex- 
^ndlng over a period of many years, 
le results of this work are reported 
Bulletin No. 259 recently issued 
that station. In part the buletin 
^ports as follows: 

"The cultivation of corn is clear, 
for the purpose of making a more 
Iti.^factory crop yield possible. The 
l«H;iflc reasons why cultivation helps 
\ achieve this result are not so obvi- 
Several explanations have been 
lered; one, a common assumption, 
been that the mulch formed by. 
|ltivating the soli results in the 
Tisorvation of moisture. There 
tms to be no evidence to Justify 
gs conclusion; instead, it is now 
^lerally recognized that the drier 
season, the less need for cultiva- 
Even in arid and eemi-ari<i re- 
Ins where the evaporation rate is 
T'l. cultivation apparently results 
I little or no conservation of moist- 
The killing of weeds, however, 
pears to have been proved the moet 
Iportant object of cuHivaUon; ex- 
"l^t on very heavy soils wBTch check 
dly, it seems tliat cultivation or- 
larily is nece-ssary only for the 
Jitrol of weed growth." 

Rye Years' Experiments 
In support of the above Introdue- | 
b' statements in this bulletin the 
llowing data in part, covering 
le<ie experimental trials, are offered, 
jExperlmeuts conducted from 1916 
,1921 Inclusive on brown loam at 
Ibana gave a six-year average of 
»en bushels of corn per acre where 
leds were allowed to grow unnio- 
Ted and on unfertilized soil. When 

soil was fertilized but weeds al- 
^ed to prow, the yield was 11.6 
bhels per acre. Where the weeds 
J-e controlled by scraping with a 
the yield on unfertilized land 
SS.3 bushel..^ and on fertilized 
Id it was 55. S buj^hels per acre, 
^ere corn was cultivated with 

fles on unfertilized land the yield 
fifty-three bushels and on fer- 

pd land Kg 1 hn.«helP. Land un- 
fljlzed, cultivated with shovels. 
M^I.l bushels and 59.5 with 
bvercultlvatlon nnd fertilizer. The 
rrage annual rainfall for this pe- 
Id was 35.23 inches. 

I Control of Weeds Chief Rictor 

^ere again it Is Indicated that the 

itrol of wewi^ is the chief benefit 

I'be gained from any kind of culti- 

Ilon. The mere control of weed.t 

scraping wfih a ho.' jcave Just as 

p^factory yields a.s where the blade 

1 ?1ioveI cultivation was practiced. 

y would seem that the chief value 

Itbis work Is to Indicate more 
I'irly tlie reasons why corn .-jhonld 
Ishould not be cnltlvnfed as mea.s- 
Td in crop ylei,jp 

If freriiiont shallow or deep cultl- 
|ions do not conserve moisture 
1.^' enllivate more than that nece.'j- 
l> to control weeds? If the chief 
|ecf m earing for corn after It is 
■nted Is to control weeds la it ad- 
T»l.le to ,„«„,„ ,„jo cmri^went 
ps of corn cultivating Implements 
L. ■'' ^'^'*' "> fitting them to better 
T1 control at less expense of labor 
I '^'^^ to the farmer? Would 
P be similar results on most of 
important soil typ«, m the corn I r»I * n^t W intI1« 

I,; ,?""" "'^ ♦^^ questions that § FLASH I lIlHT 
["rally follow the results secured 1 * *-^fcJ*I LllUll 1 

Jn*- Illinois Station.— Hoard's 

Pennsylvania Farmer 



Be neighborly— pick up your 
friends when you so to the movies! 

Any movie is betterwhen you takea 
party. Multiply pleasure by sharing 
it! Pick upyour neighbors and head 
for a theatre showing a Paramount 
Picture tonight! 

The foremost entertainment or- 
ganization in the world means to 
see that people everywhere have a 
chance to enjoy their leisure more! 

Some theatre near you is schedul- 
ing Paramount Pictures. Show by 
going that your taste calls for the 
best. Encourage the theatre mana- 
ger by telling him how you enjoyed 
the show. 

^ "Big Brother"— "Manhattan"— 
"Peter Pan"— "Code of theSea"or 
that picture based on last year's 
British prize novel of thesamename 
—"Sinners in Heaven" — these and 
many more are Paramount Pictures 
everyone is glad todrivemiles to see. 
But don't go by the tides of pic- 

Home's no place to stay every evC' 
ning when the whole world's jtist 
down the road. 

Life is different and better now^ 
well rounded out with healthy ex- 
citernent, thanks to Paramount and 
Radio and Autos and better roads. 

Build up your own theatre by 
going and you'll not only get all 
the better pictures but you will do 
a good job for yourselves and the 
community, stimulating trade and 
giving a tonic to the town. Ask 
your theatre manager to keep you 
posted on what's coming and when. 

Make up a Paramount party to 
night. A seven passenger car will 
take nine any time "A Paramount 
Picture" is the tlestinationl 

Follow this name and trademark for 
the better pictures 

Zane Qrey 

Wanderer vi the ^'a*t»' 

HeritBue o{<ht Peaert 
The Bolder Leiii^a 




vv^in town ' 



Persistent Wooer _ Whenever I 
PPose to you you laugh. 
ilZ, ^**''— That's because I have 
K ,'l''P«"'"on A great many 
\ *""'<* merrh be annoved 

Emryoaa kaowi tlia Evar-llaady. Tiii» 
naablliht l> 0", Inehea loaf, nada el milil 
with l.-ath.r«tte ro«eria»— no arirat to break 
ar (iiti wlth~»lata. liaipla. (arable: eoai. 
pIHe arim battery. 

We »ill fend aaa of then Ever. Ready 
FlaehlitMi to your aildret« artpald fnr twi 
eabeerlHIoat to Peaaeylvania raraar at 
11.00 each. Reward No. 112. 


1 3«1 Co. sm St, pfeUa., F». 

1000 Shot Air Rifle 

This air rifle Is a repeater 
lever action. Magazine holds 
1000 light rifle shot, smooth and perfect 
prevents shot from rolling out of barrel ' 

fini=h^^ Givllf ior^ °"" "'^^a' barrel! Walnut stock, dull 
flni.'=l). Given for 3 yearly subscriptions to PennsvlvinlL 
Farmer at $1.00 each. Reward No. 212. fennsyivania 

Automatic retainer 

261 South Third Street Philadelphia. Pa. 

Please Mention Pennsylvania Farmer When Writing to A^crlisers 


Pennsytvania Farmer 



[ARVBST lime. Heavy loadt to pull. 
_L Keep yoor bortei bl with Gombaulc'a 
Cautlio Balaam. Known for 41 yt*T» aa ■ 
wondcHBlramcdy for Spavin. Capped Hock, 
Curb,Spliitf,Carpitia, Thorou<hpin,(Juiiior, 
Wind Gala. Poll Evil, Larynfitia, Fialula, 
Spraiaa. Barb Wire Cuta, Calk Wouada. 
Uacd CTarfwhcre. Apply it yonraeliaaperdi- 
recliooa wilk evar* bottle. Never aeara. Can't 
diaeolor baia. Bny It today . Keep it handy. $2.00 
at droMiata or direct opon receipt of price. 
The LawraMe>WillUm* Co.. Cleveland. O. 




Save money on your 


Fine looking, extra durable, 
reconstructed tire-a that 
greatly reduce the high coat 
of motoring 4 mootha' run- -- — 
ning aervice guaranteed, or we will re- 
place at half pctee. 
All (Undanl bmIm*. SUte your choice 

Fab. CtiI 

Kabi Oord 

; OiS'» S.S — JJ? 

S2xa>« 3. IS t.M 
•IU4 CI 3.538ai.65 

:;ixl .175 4.M 

-.3x1 Z9» 5.10 

.:U4 4.5« S.M 

:>2xlM: 4.S3 f.M 

Briid tlOO Daped t . 
'I ahinpad 


»4 55 

I-, s 

4 M 

i: 1 


5 45 

« 4 









,1 SO 








aaffla day 


Z per cen! 
if check ci 
money o; 
der in fu!' 
ia* order 

Slid ocden 


709 North Brwd Street Philadelphia, Pa 




Ouii'k and 
wIlU drill 


.. In artioit. Ko^^ilr applleil 
Irr. Inrrea*-... rrup >l'*l(l. lu^r 

Writs today tor prices and t<«tlnionla1t. 

CHARLES TOWN. Jfflirton County. W. Va. 

Maavaa, CsnelM, CM>«HlMt> 

•r, W*rma. Mo«i for <:u4l. 
Iwu ciki'fl •fttifllaclory (ul 
llfave<iurnioiir|rl)ark.}l li 
prrcan, l>.-ftlrit or by I'laiL 
Tlw M«w««n Ramatfy Ca. 





1100 rim— Larfc Clear Type 

Based upr>n the 

Modernized by 

Will Help YoD 
Solve Cross 
Word Puzzles 

Full Defini. 
tionaof Worda 
Synonyma and 
Ai)i^jii> Ills 
and Claaaical 

Namna of Pcraona and Placea 

TerfT>R Used in Commerce & Law 

Chri<^lian Nnme<of Men & Women 

Prcfixen and Suffixaa 

Partaof Speech 

Abbreviations, Etc., Etc. 

Handsomely and Durably Bound in 

Cloth, with Gold Stamping 

Size S'^z7>i inches 

uunurrcB „iii i,,. ^ ,.t tu your »■<! 

lin'-H, (/.vMujrp paid, fur two Vfnrly 
hiihsrr»T>ti<jH9 to Pcnnnylrania F'nrmrr 
.it $1.00 each, or with your own k- 
ii.'wal and 75 cents additional. 



■ ■■■i»«««^«' 


Garden and Truck Crops 

\V. C. PRLTOX, staff Contributor and Adviser 

M-ifi:itM f Pwinoiia C'arUrns, Newark, Lu-lawaro 

Little to Be Gained 

l3 It worth while to trans- 
plant beet and cairot plants in 
the miiUUe of siiiuiuer and In 
fall? That is, should I plant the 
seed in a special l>el and move 
the plants to the garden, or sow 
seed directly in the garden? — C. 
E. P., Bucks County, Pa, 

Except on very heavy .soils it Is not 
neces-^ary to sow these seeds in a 
seedbed during warm weather. In 
early spring several weeks can be 
gained by planting in a frame or 
greenhouse and moving to the gar- 
den, but In summer you would delay 
the maturity of the crop by trana- 

The only circumstances under 
which I would attempt transplant- 
ing of these crops In summer would 
be those that made necessary vtry 
hard working of the land, to 
get the very greatest amount of pro- 
duce from it. It would be possible 
to start beet seed in a .«mall bed sev- 
eral weeks ahead of the maturity of 
some other crop, which could be 
cleaned oft In time for the trans- 
planting of the beets. 

You would have to be ready to 
water the seedlings as soon as set, 
because any delay because of dry 
weather would cancel the gain made 
by transplanting. 

Carrots can be transplanted, but 
often the roots are crook- d and un- 
.■^alable in comparison with the 
straight, clean roots that are easy to 
grow from sf-ed sown in the open 
ground. — W. C. P. 

Delays Maturity 

How much more can one afford to 
pay for transplanted celery 
plant.3 than for those pulled from the 
^eed rows? The answer di-pends upon 
ihe thickness i>f plant iiig in the aeed- 
bed and als.» upon the chancs for 
rain or for artincial w;itoring at time 
for field setting. 

Few large comni'Tclal growers 
practice tran.-iplanling before field 
setting, but if they do not it is be- 
cause they havi- learned how to sow 
the seed just tlilckly enough to be 
sure of Htocky plant.s without trans- 
planting, or beciiu?e they have Irri- 
gation available to guarantee a 

The fact Is, of course, that even 
Irrigation will not insure a perfect 
.Htand of celery if the plants are very 
much crowded in the seedbed, so that 
their stems and lower leaves are 
blanched. Wli- n In this condition 
the plant.s cannot stand burning 
suns, even tho there is plenty of 
water in the foil. 

Transplanted Plants Live 

Under ordinary conditions one 
could well afford to pay twice as 
much for tran>'plaiited plantH as for 
untransplanted. Nearly every plant 
will IJVf, th*.r«- will hp liftlP reRPt- 
tinjr, and there .«hnuld be more even 
maturity, if a little care has been 
Ui*ed at planting time to throw out 
the weak' jit plants. When It comes 
to cabbage ami cauliflower, there Is 
perhaps less to be gained by using 
once-transplanted plant.", as these 
are always more resistant to drying 
out than are celery and lettuce. 

Some folks think that saving of 
seed is the only thing to consider In 
determining how many seed to sow 
in a given piece of ground. Those 
who are experiencing at its worst the 
drought that has now been with ua 
for several w^eks will notice that 
crowded plant!! are the llr«t to rafo 

fer. Their roots compete for moist- 
ure, Just as they do with the roots 
of weeds. In fact, a much crowded 
row, say of snap beans, behaves very 
much as a weedy bean row behaves; 
the plants flag in dry weather and 
usually do not set as many pods per 
foot of row as beans that have plen- 
ty of room. 

It Is in the matter of earlTness, 
tho, that the effects of thick plant- 
ing are most plainly seen. With rad- 
ishes, peas, beans, and lettuce of the 
heading type it will usually be found 
that thinly planted rows will mature 
the earliest crops. The damage^wlth 
lettuce is not only a delay in matur- 
ity but often a definite hindrance to 
heading at any time In the season. 

Crowded Eows Cause Mach Trouble 

New gardeners sometlmea crowd 
cabbage plants, expecting to get more 
from a small space. They may do 
that, but what they get is chicken 
food, and not solid heads. Thirty 
Inches in the row is not too much tor 
fall and winter cabbages, tho Wake- 
field and Copenhagen planted late 
may do with two feet. 

Cauliflower especially needs much 
room, because any delay in growth 
greatly reduces chances of heading. 
There is a good deal of work to bo 
done in a cauliflower field when the 
heads are tied up for protection from 
the sun, and this work is easier if 
the plants do not fill all the space 
between rows. Both cabbage and 
cauliflower grow at a season when 
droughts are likely to occur, and 
when competition for moisture in the 
soil Is apt to be most disastrous. 

leaf Spot Spreads in Cold Frame 

Those who plan to try the so-call- 
ed new celery culture this year need 
to take care that their plants are 
free from disease. In the close plant- 
ing that is the chief secret of the 
new celery culture there are the chances for the spread of the 
leaf ?pot from one plant to another. 

We found this true on our own 
place last year, when we had planted 

July 4, 1925 

a cold frame with celery. These 
plants were purchased from an old 
grower who had had leaf spot for 
years; our plants soon showed the 
spot and spraying seemed to do no 
good. The same kind of plants setl 
in open rows in the same way aL 
developed leaf spot, but not nearl* 
so much of it as in the frame, and] 
Bpraylng was much easier to do, 
both sides of the rows could b«| 
reached directly. — W. C. g. 

July 4, 1925 

TennsytVania Farmer 


,V\ -■....- ..:. ij.-.:. l i ^ > . 

;7T V -'*"T* ^ '>?" . 'Tr^ . ,. iii . . 



Staff Contributor and Adviser 
Klrby Poultry Farm 

A Rotation of Corn, Clover and Chicks 

Shipments of Peaches 

THE state of Georgia supplies th 
large cities of Pennsylvan 
with the moat of their peaches, 
cording to statistics collected iby tb 
iPennBylvania Bureau of Marketi 
No less than 1676 of the 2803 ca 
loads of peaches shipped into the flt| 
teen leading markets of the state Ii 
year came from Georgia, most 
them coming during July befc 
northern peaches were ripe. Thr 
fourths of these shipments movel 
thru the Philadelphia and gittsbur 

Pennsylvania peach growers ahlij 
ped 451 carloads during 1924. Oil 
102 of these reached the leadli 
cities of the Keystone State, nun] 
of the remainder going to Ohld 
where there was a light crop Ji 

About half of all the peachea shlg 
ped from Pennsylvania originated 
Franklin County. Other Impor 
shipping counties were Berks, A^ 
ams, Montgomery, Yotic and Carh 

The great buying power of t)j 
state's local market-? is indicated 
the fact that about nine times 
many peaches were sold locally 
were loaded on cars for rail ebli 
ment. — ^W. 

Delaware Peaches Arrii 

THE first Delaware peaches of 
season arrived on the PhlladtJ 
phia market the morning of ti 
eighteenth day of June. A llgbt( 
crop than last year is forecast In N(j 
Jersey and Pennsylvania and 
especially light crop in the Virglnl^ 
Prospects of a good crop are fair I 
New York state, while Oeor 
grower.^ expect a somewhat lifbtj 
yield than in 1924. — ^W. R. W. 

'B HAVE had considerable suc- 
cess with a sy.stem of crop ro- 
itlon consisting of corn, clover and 
bhlcks. This rotation would not ap- 
peal, perhaps, to the .strictly grain or 
Bairy farmer, but to that ever In- 
creasing number of wise farmers 
rho are including such productive 
pde lines as poultry, it may appeal 
a rotation worthy of some consid- 

After a number of experiments 
Ind testa in order to determine 
Vhlch crops would provide for a 
Dod range, furnish ample shade and 
the same time permit us to move 
kr colony houses, at least once each 
ir, we have found that some form 
clover comblneil with corn worR- 
the best. 

legumes to Be Used 

There are sevtral ways in which 

lis system may be worked. The 

simplest, and undoubtedly the best, 

1 to establish your grass or clover 

bd the previous year. All that Is 

pcessary then is tc place your mov- 

Ble coloJfy house on the edge of thTs 

pld adjacent to the field in whlcn 

pu intend planting your corn. Wlille 

Bsllage corn will furnish more 

bade than field corn for grain, we 

. to avoid placing thi' house near 

lie field to be planted to ensllag* 

brn In view of the fact that this 

km will be harvested much earlier 

Ian the corn for grain and, tht-re- 

Ire, will not furnish shade or pro- 

ctlon for as long a period as the 


■Regarding the particular variety 

1 clover or legume to u-se In the field 

which the colony house Is placed, 

have found any of the clovers, In- 

idlng medium nd. mammoth red. 

Bike and white sv.tet. all to be 

od. Alfalfa, of course. Is especlal- 

to be desired because of its re- 

kted cuttings and therefore Its 

Br present succulf-nf young sprouts. 

|e same Is true of whltf sweet 


ployed using sweet clover Instead of 
alfalfa and reversing the crops the 
following year. The colony house is 
placed on the sod each year. 

There is stTll another plan of es- 
tablishing a sod following corn. Th.> 
land Is plowed or disced in the fall 
after the pullets have been removed 
to the laying house, or Just previous 
to this period, and the land seeded 
to rye and the seasonal grasses sown 
Clovers are sown the following 
spring and In a normal year without 
too many chicks on a given area a 
stand of timothy and clover or clov- 
er alone will usually be secured. 

The advantage of this particular 
aystem, aside from those already 
mentioned, is that the chicks are 
reared on new, clean soil each year. 
Anyone who has attempted to raise 
young stock lor a number of years 
on the same piece of land, will sure- 
ly be well repaid for the ext.a labor 
required in caring for chick< in the 
early stages of development under 
this system. — R. L. Engle. 


V2 Grown Pullets Need 
Special Growing Mash 

Does Fruit Growing Pay ? 1 ^*^" ^^^^^^^^^ Systems 

IN 1885 I inherited fifty-four acres 
of rough land, of which about 
six acres was cleared and the balance 
was stumpy pa.^ture and thirty acres 
cut-over slashings. There were no 
buildings, no well and but little 
fence. At that time I was twenty- 
three years old, was inexperienced 
and had no education except what I 
had picked up by reading farm 
papers and anything else I could 
find to read. 

My ambition was to get this rough 
land cleared as quickly as possible, 
erect some buildings, dig a well, and 
plant an apple orchard- because ap- 
ples were my hobby. I hired a stump 
puller (which 1 bought later) and 
commenced to pull the white pine 
and bcmlock slumps, tnany of which 
were three to five Inches in diameter. 

He Sticks It Out 

I fitted up two acres and planted 
it to corn, potatoes and beans and 
set fifty apple trees. All died but 
one. The nursery salesman gener- 
ou.sly replaced 'them at half-price. 
Dear readers, had 1 stopped there 
would have been no Splcewood Fruit 
and Dairy Farm now. If it had not 
been for the apples and other fruit 
I could not have held the fort untl! 
I paid tor clearing up the land and 
erecting the buildings. I gave the 
■aleaaaa an order for fifty apple 

trees, and also ordered pear, pla 
and cherry trees and in three y«i] 
we had fruit to sell. At one time^ 
sold J18.00 worth of cherries fr 
a ten-year-old Montmorency tree. I 
In 1894 I sold my first apple ctj 
of 255 barrels at $1.25 per bar 
Not a very big price, but they w^ 
the biggest dollars I ever had,becs« 
they made my banker have con 
dence in me. I kept on plantii 
tree.s until I had about 400 apl 
trees, 66 pear trees and about 1| 
cherry trees. 

A Check for $4000 

For many years the price 
fifty cents per bushel or J1.60 
barrel. This brought me about |J 
per «6r*>, one-half of which was prt 
it above cost of production and 
ing. Aa fruit sells now on the at 
age the Careful fruit grower shoi^ 
be able to double this amount. 

In 1919 I received a check W 
one man for over f4000. Besides 
I sold $1000 worth of summer 
fall apples. We also had berrl 
cherries, pears and plums to 
People for miles around camej 
Splcewood Fruit Farm for their fi^ 
The time for wild berries Is pa-st, 
the conditions of the orchards' 
most farms Is such as to make a fn 
grower feel ashamed of goof' old^ 
oga County. — Joseph B. Fischler, 
oga County, Pa. 

he advantag's of the adjacent 
field art' the abundance of 
ide. a certain junount of bugs, in- 
ts, etc., and. .luf to the cultlva- 
n of the corn, ih.- lessened danger 
soil contamination. 
[Another way In which the system 
y be used Is to use only one field, 
a small area of sod field which is 
be U"l for corn is not plowe'd, the 
lony house can be placed on this 
"^tlcular part of tlie field and the 
cki= are then allowed to run over 

entire area. 

tin another system which can be 
ployed Is to use one field conflnu- 
ily. This sysieiu will appeal to 
■one havinn a desirable fle|,| i„,:,r 

dwelling house or to anyone hav- 

a limited amount oi land in de 
e to poultry exclusively. If a clov- 
er fllfnlf«i ,„ 4 !,„ he.!- . «.,1 I- • 

on this entire field, then one-half 
the field i.« plowed and planted to 
■n and the colony house placed on 
sod, the birds being allowed 

ge of the whole field as previous- 

otation Which May Be Reversed 
''hen the entire field has been 
pnted to a cultivated crop the pre- 

llf fc^**^' ^^ ^"^'' *"'''" "^''' *° ^- 
^"sn an alfalfa sod on a portion of 

neld in the spring, using oats as 

nurse crop, while the remaining 

;"°" 0^ the flpld is planted to 

F"- This same system may be em- 

A PaujxT's Aut( mobile 

J F YOU go to the poorhou>e you can't 
A keep your own autonu.ldle. Tho 
boara of commissioners or Franklin 
County. Ohio, have d. Ided that 
point, in the case of c pauper who 
drove to the county fan and wanted 
to know where he coul.l garage \xU 
car. "You'll have to sell a. and ap- 
ply the proceeds on a< count of y ur 
board and lodging.- the superinten- 
dent decided aft. , he considered I'jc 
matter. This n,e indignant paupe.- 
refused to do, and appealed his case 
10 the commissioners. They s'.de.l 
vith tlu .superintendent. And then 
•^ays tht new.spaper paragraph whicii 
i^ «air pulhoriiy for the Incident, Mic 
^lxl>-nllIe-year-oid mendicant who 
h Id comt 'over the hills to the poor- 
house," withdrew his patronage from 
tha- InMltutlon. He declared he 
v-ould board some place where he 
could keep his car. Wbat is the ob- 
vious comment nn this incident? 

That paupei.- are b' uppity 

er that Ihe officials were unreason- 
able? For our part, we'd be glad to 
Bee the old gentlenii.n keep his car. 
".nd vould be willing to cnntribut" to 
his ga°oline — Farm Lif-; 

TF your half-grown pullets are to start laying at the earliest 
•»■ possible age -if they are to be big layers this fall and winter 
when prices are high — yoM must not stunt their egg-firoducing 
organs now by tniproper feeding. 

If their egg-producing organs are to be strong and vigorous, 
they must be fed a ration rich in those nutrients that build 
sturdy frames, firm flesh, sinewy muscles— and health. 

Such a feed is Globe Growing Mash. 

No Globe Poultry Feed is ever offered unless it 
has been proven that a poultry raiser can make 
more money using it than doing tiithout it. 

Globe Growing Mash is another Globe Feed money-maker 
for the poultry raiser. Because it is scientifically compounded 
to meet the specific nutrition needs of immature pullets, it 
enables the poultry raiser to secure enormoush- Ijetter results 
than is possible by haphazard feeding or the use of feed suit- 
able for chicks or adult fowls. 

Now is the time to answer the question, "Do vou want to 
make the money out of your pullets?" If you do— as of 
course you do— there's only one thing you caii do. 

Order a bag of Globe Growing Mash from 
your Globe Merchant today. Follow the ex- 
ample of thousands. Insure your pulktsapainst 
improper development. Today is the best time 
to start feeding them Globe Growing Mash. 




Egg Mash 

Chick Starter 

Crowing Nfash 
Firtrnirif; Madk 
Molting Mash 
Chick Scratch 
Cro^-ing Scratch 
Pouttry Scratch 


They Cost No More— and You Can Feel Safe 

Chlckti fi.nn cmr h,ii.)i. m iv,ni,. up t.i ihi- •.Miilinl s.'t l>y Oli'i s;.iii> rnl- 
J^fMiy fer pun bred rinc l.s. Thty ba\a lK-<ti Iri-iRi-fd and li.i.e >'■ '.d the 
.!'. 1. "'"•'■ <"d.iy for luimcdlat.' dclli.n-. tir fcend for catnli>«. Order our 

rhloki and fo. I saf.- PrloN dVurttalih On 
». r. WMK-. Hr. and B'lff Uihr.rns 




s C. 


t: (10 
7 "0 

H C Mnttlpcl .\n"<in;ii ;» .lo 

B:k. Mlnorfa<. liil luu\,. s r.ft U «• I!,.<1* :; it 

W'lllc lli>r':. Whllr Wi..lid.ilt4« .T r.l 

Hiiir ar.d White rnilnktona r. T.-i Tim 

, ni»rlt Olinu .', iKt 10 „(i 

nr»\r »Mort«^ (Not Aorri-rtliiMll . " V) 4 ■••; 

l/ n!.«. nid (N't A.vna.i.d) '.'.'.".'.'.'.'• en t"> 

ti.r>0 ;4.75 ! I> (HI ttl.oo I8O.00 

l« 01) 4l'.»0 80 

II no 
i:i r.o 

13 r.o 

so no 

8 no 


-_ , ...(Ml 

r.2 no iflo.oo 

6i(io ijiiftn 

ci.iin K'o iK> 

p: mo lit- 1.11 

4.1.00 fiii.ili) 

rtii.oo to.oo 

Ii"ni.(1)»i« « ti I p m e n L 
lOU^ Ur« delirrrr flur- 

Only a Fair Crop 

ONLY fair crops of apples, peaches 
and pear.s are now e-xpected in 
the United Slates this year. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture crop officials de- 
clare. Frosts in late May reduced 
prospects in many scattered sictions. 
particularly in some of the central 
states, Virginia, Michigan, and por- 
tions of New York. 

The condition of apples on June 1 
was nearly ten per c< nt below the 
usual avera^;e on that date. Tho 
northwestern stores e.xpect more ap- 
ples than were pick; d last year, but 
for the country a a whole the crop 
eeems likely to be lighter, altho 
much depends on the rainfall during 
the next few months. 

Peach production f-'hows a large 
Increase in California where most of 
the crop i.s (nniied or drbd, hut in 
practically all other important states 
the crop Is expected to be substan- 
tially smaller than last year. Even 
In Georgia, where many young trees 
are coming into bearing, the crop is 
expected to be less than 7,000,000 
bushels compared with 8,3.13.000 
bushels last' year. 

Wolf Hatching & Breeding Co.. Dept. 6. Glbsonbtirg; Ohio 



1 100' Mre ncllvrn- 0„.;r P.-,„ald prl<« ^Si" '50 **" InT "iino 

I Willi.;, IlrLWii. lliuT Mid mark I,.vl-<.nu. ' " ^^ 

|Bi,.,n,i A, wii. i;.H-i». s. .. A n. r ri.d."Vvi;" " * *""" 

Ia ,*V',""'"""'-,.""'' "T'"-^""^'- >• " ll.'niluivs 3.00 li.'IO 1000 ISOii 

.....,-™a ...» sS-^r ?: :f:v^::'S'Si"s:5?S,5 

for f,,.!,... j.^NTZ MATCHFPY. BOX " K," '^irFIN.''' OHlor''''t;U''r.h;d Tjo.' 

•■ir till':* I ri' 



Free Range Stock ' 

iMixed Stock .... $ 7 per IfO 
S. C. W. Leghorns -$ 8 p*r lOo | 
Barred Rocki ... - $ 9 per 100 ' 

I. Redi $10 per 100 

Irourn L«(hom« . $ 8 per 100 

1"'% l.lT.. .<rHi:i) «iii;,r,i..i., ,| l-..,Mt,. i-,:,! Vn „,■■• 

Pmia pufii l.n-l In- 

stMi-^pJ mirl iiill.., 
(ImHw. I.:ri» I), |(v 
'•n tlitiraiiliiti 



From hMvy layint forkt. 

S, «•. While and V.t„v.u I.. ;li..rn-. . . >S On ,.,.r ion 

''< I 1 Ij n iir l!,.r, I 00 i.r ion 

Si., ul I fire, on SM and 1000 l„i^ loor, nrepa d 
•II.. ilDiirr giianintr.,./!. » » ra« u 

J. M. NACE. Box N«. 20. ttlCH FIELD, PA. 


I'lwtiairl |iri.„ 

. *."'' "'■'"'" I.' -Imiiis. 

'Liin.l I'li'ii.imli lUidM 

111... I. Inland ItnU 

Will!,, l-hmmitlt Duckii 

Uhiti. Wtandiittw 

M \ -d niii*a ;;; 

rr ' eaf-alnu ati.l j.j.'e 

VALLEY hatchery: 

on 2,1 
, . . . .«■.■ •■» 

... ;i.nn 
.... XM 
.... s.r,o 

... 3..'!(l 


.< 1. -o 


r. r.o 



Please Mention Pennsyl- 
vania Farmer When 
Writing to Advertisers, 

Sciiwegler's "THOR-0-BRED'' Babyaicb 


nScka'Vha.'h-v-'.h "'^X "5 '"■?'' 7""" hMlfhy. free range 
Th»l! i' J "'^' thrived find Rained in viKor for fienerations 
lt7J^2 ''"'•»»« «hey are from elected, tested and culled 
hiKh euu power stock. LeRhorns. Rocks. R 1 Reds Ancooa. 
100"'*i?v; "••{""""•"^ W>;. lOc . and „p. O^de? ear": 
Chiik As»oc^V.?o^'' ''""•''""' ^••'"ber, of International Bnby 
vnicK Association. Write now for our TREE CHICK BOOK. 

SCMwioit*. HATCHfav JW NosTM.MFTOw atirrAio N.V. 

Pennsptvania Farmer 


Conducted by 


Independence Day Celebrated 

One Fourth of July Which Was a Real Holiday 

FOR years and years fourth of July 
has not been a holiday for me! I 
love company and both Dad and I are 
rather proud of the hospitality which 
marks our home as "the place wf 
like to go!" 

But our many city friends and 
relatives seem to forget that the 
fanner ever likes a holiday and on 
such days we have learned to expect 
any number of guests — guests who 
keep Molly and me over the cook- 
stove about all day. never seeming 
to see that there are dishes to be 
washed after !<uch a crowd has eaten! 

Last year a week before the 
Fourth. Dad Fooked at me across the 
dinner table, his eyes full of that "I 
suppose it can't be helped" expres- 
sion and Haid. "I sul)pose there'll be 
a crowd out next week as usual?" I 
did not answer for a moment — Mol- 
ly's face sort of dropped while, of 
course, John's lighted up with the 
thought of the city boys he would 
have to take fishing with him. 

Definite Plans Made 

"No. 1 think not this year!" I re- 
plied gravely, 'I've decided to take 
a holiday, myself!" 

There was a moment of astounded 
hilence and then a lot of exclama- 
tions and questions and suggestions, 
at last sorting themselves out into a 
definite plan. 

For once we would take advantage 
of the Independence holiday and 
spend it appropriately. Even the 
hired mSn was to get away — a 
neighbor, forced to stay home, offer- 
ed to feed the stock! 

So. the night before, we started 
out In the car. had supper around a 
rampflre half way to Philadelphia 
and slept in blanket rolls deep in 
the heart of the woods. At dawn we 
ate heartily of tlie bacon and hot cof- 
fee, cold bi.scuits and jam and fruit 
packed in our ba.skets and got an 
early start toward town. 

It was only seven o'clock wheti we 
arrived at ("ousln Jennie's — they 
were Just starting breakfast. To Mol- 
ly and me who have always known 
what it was to have som'eone coming 
unexpectedly to eat. it was amusing 
to watch the helple.ts expressions In 
the faces when they tried to welcome 
us with a welcome they didn't feel. 
"Why, we were comln' out to your 
place?" they exclaimed, as If we had 
somehow cheated them. "There's 
nothln' In the house here to eat — ^I 
was planning on eating out there!" 
Jennie added. 

A Second Breakfast 

''Don't mind \^l Just give us any- 
thing!" we comforted, unconscious- 
ly Using the words BO oCtea u»t;u lu 
greeting us at the farm. I did feel 
a little sorry for JennTe and Madge, 
as they hurried around getting the 
meal — all the stores closed and 
nothing on hand. 

But we all ate that second break- 
fast without saying a word about the 
one we had enjoyed In the woods, 
chatted awhile and then let them 
know that we could not stay — had 
planned our day and must be on. 

And we certainly did enjoy seeing 
the Liberty Bell, listening to the 
!--pe«ehe8 In the square, eating In a 
big hotel and resting in one of the 
V'trgeat movie houses tor a couple of 

hours while we saw our screen 
friends and enjoyed good music. 

Then, as afternoon began to fade, 
we started homeward, touching Vall- 
ey Forge where we wandered until 
It was dark. Again we slept In the 
open — drank coffee from tin cups, 
which tasted better than any we ever 
had before and I, filled with my in- 
dependence, never hesitated to let 
little John cook my slice of ham and 
serve rac as I sat against a tree. 

Our friends still come to see us. 
but they no longer run the risk of 
finding a deserted farm, as three dif- 
ferent families did last year when 
we really enjoyed an independence 
day! — E. H. & 



It Will Repay the Effort of 

OT far away a delightful home 
has been so changed and beauti- 
fied that folks who knew it only long 
ago, would not recognize it. All this 
was accomplished by the taste. In- 
dustry and perseverance of one 

It took time. When as a bride she 
came Into the home joyously and 
prldefully. she sa^ many things to 
do. But being a person of Infinite 
tact, she seemingly observed no lack. 

washed until perfectly clean, and 
every art was employed to remove 
the brown and blackish spots, for the 
floor was comparatively new and 
would look well just waxed. 

It was not to 'be, however. To 
overcome those stains two coats of 
wood -colored paint had to be applied, 
then two coats of mahogany stain 
and one of hard oil. Not till then was 
the floor ready for waxing. But it 
looks well after twelve years. On a 
or two w'axlngs a year keep it in 

Then she began on the front hall 
and dining room. The floor In the 
former was terrkbly worm eaten ami 
had been put down with hand made 
nails. The dining room floor sagged. 
It was crooked and hopeless. The hall 
had tin patches over the large worm 
holes, this make.shift being hidden 
under the matting that covered the 

The matting rame up and with it 
came the day of reckoning. By this 
time the Head had become interested, 
and he decided that nothing couM 
make these floors presentable. So 
new ones were laid of blue gum. 
These were waxed with mo*t satis- 
factory results. 

Hair Lines, Crackv 'n Everythinu 

The paint on the doors of both the 
first and second floors was hair-lined 
and cracked, sorry looking indeed. A 
lye bath was prepared for them in a 
stone tvlb In the basement. The doora 
were brought to the bath, the lye 
water was applied with a broom. 
Whea the layers oT paint rolled off 

Summer Bloom in a Back Yard 

A concrete path enables the owners of this attractive g'arden to enjoy its 
beauties even immediately after a rain storm. 

Wh«'n she had eatibll»h«»d hprsolf In 
the hearts of her new "folks," she 
struck for a more beautiful home. 
To settle the "strike," the first re- 
quirements were only paint, shellac, 
floor wax, courage, work, and hope. 

Where the Work Started 

The bride had been secretly horri- 
fied at a room (.since turned into a 
handsome living room) on the floor 
of which were bushels o( apples and 
pears, many In bad condition. Her 
work began here. The fruit was re- 
moved forever, and the U8:ly stains 
ot years confronted her. At once she 
pushed operations. The floor was 

anft the wood was exposed, it was 
ringed thoroly. Two coats of paint 
were applied to each door and then 
a stain. The color for the dining 
room was dark oak, for the living 
room mahogany, for the kitchen 

The front stairway and banisters 
had been painted and repainted, it 
would seem, legions of times. As 
they could not be taken to the lye 
bath. It was brought to them and 
applied with a mop. When the wood 
came into view, it was walnut and 
received treatment <A oil after be- 
ing washed and thoroly dried. 

The upstairs floors were roufh and 

Jaly 4. 1926 

celved two coats ot wood-«olorfr 
paint, two coats of mahogany ataia 
and an appillcatlon of wax. — & O. jj 


Measurements Which GuidJ 
in Papering a Room 

BR: — .Having read with Intel 
est on your Home Page for May :{ 
the article on doing your own pap«] 
hanging. I should like you to publi 
a safe rule to find the amount 
paper it will take to paper a roo^ 
when the dl» lensions are given, wl 
.*end away for paper, but alwaji 
make a mistake and either have a In 
over, or are short. 

By publishing such a rule you will 
vut only oblige me but numeroiil 
other readers of your paper. — H.r.Hl 

The rule for measuring a room fftt] 
paper is as follows: 

Eules for Measorin; 

Measur" the entirf distance aroun 
the room In yards. If your w; 
paper is eighteen inche.-j wide, yc 
will need twice as many strips as yo 
have measured yards. 

Now find how many strips can 
cut from a roll, and divide the nua 
ber of strips required to go arouij 
the room l)y the nuaiber that can 
cut from a roll. The quotient w3 
be the number of rolls. 

Wall papers are sold In dlfterej 
wldtlis and in double and sing 
rolls. A single roll measures eigi] 
yards, and Is the most economical for walls measuring eight fe»t 
less in height. For walls higher thi 
eight feet. th.. (loublf roll cut- 
better advuniagH. .Small figures 3:| 
most economical, as le.«s paper 
wasted in malcblug. 

It in rarely pos.4ible to figure 
accurately as to come out even. Eved 
visit from a pap^-r lianger leav^'sf 
.souvenir in the shap»- "(>f left-or 
paper, ao we amateurs can hardly 
pect to do what the trained worM 
falls to accomplish. It is. more )Ti 
always advisable to sav- some piefl 
for future use in patching. — L S. B.| 

Dangers of Auto Tra\i 

MUCH effort and money is b*l( 
expended at this time in an 
tempt to lessen the number of at 
accidents. Many people are being 
conventenced by the recent U 
against giving to chlldr 
under elghtepn. I believe that ma 
children under eighteen are ^al 
drivers than some of the older on^ 

Thf most dangerous road hog- 
meet are the bakers' trucks ami 
passenger buses. It .seems to me ti 
the buses which have to get fril would be a fine placr 
which to beglii a campaign of sa(< 
first. They are large, travel ma 
faster than the average car and k^ 
well In the middle of the road, 
of them In our vlclnltf have left 
road and turned over. No one 
hurt, but this was owing to luck I 
stead of care. 

A friend recently told of riding I 
miles in a full bus where she 
obliged to stand duripg the trip._ 
said It was almost Impossible to' 
on her feet at all. as the bus r»a| 
fast, and started and stopped 
QUlckljr.— Mrs. E. M. C. 

Tough Hens Made Tender 

Pressure Cooker Can Be Put to Every Day Uses 

Vennsylvania Farmer 


WE .\RE ail convinced that the 
.steam pressure cooker is the 
best posslt)le equipment for canning. 
hut I am well convinced also that 
the steam pressure cooker is worth 
the initial cost for daily cooking eren 
if one never used it for canning. 

It excels in the cooking oi meats 
of all kinds. I have roa.^ted an old 
hen in it in halt an hour that would 
require a half day in the stove. 

A large piece of meat will roast 
in an hour, the toughe!»t piece im- 

Soup beans and tomatoe.s^. flavored 
with a few onions, is a favorite dish 
of ours, and it seems unbelievable 
that the dish can be placed in the 
rooker an<l rooked in three-qtiarters 
r>f an hour. 

Lima beans may be cooked in fif- 
teen minutes if they are soaked over 

Dried fruits are good cooked In the 
steam pres.«mre cooker as all the 
jtilces are retained. 

Do Not Get Water Soaked and pumpkin are better 
cooked in the cooker than boiled be- 
cause they 'do not get water soaked . 
They come out deliclously mealy. 

Swiss 3teak cooked in the cooker 
melts In one month. 

Heat may be retained in the 
ure cooker for several hours. Ton 
may cook your dinner in the morning 
while you are doing up your work 
in the kitchen and dining room, and 
-et the cooker back off the stove. Do 
not let the pressure off. and yonr 
neal win be warm several hour- 
after it is set off the heat. 

One question concerning my cook- 
er has been asked me many times. 
Does it work successfully on th*- 
wood or coal stove? 

With Coal or Wood &an|;e 

The answer Is yes. While ot 
course it is easier to regulate to eren 
heat with the oil stove, yet it Is not 
difficult to regnlate the heat on the 
coal or wood stove. 

This morning I put my meat In to 
loast at eleven o'clock, and went to 
the village to do a few errands (a 
mile and a half). I felt no uneaslnes.s 
it leaving the cooker in action on my 
wood range, for it i* fool proof and 
win not blow up — even if forgotten. 

I have been able to do ray cooking 
more quickly, and that means time 
and energy saved. When I tise the 
oil stove, as I do when we do not 
need the heat from the range, con- 
siderable fuel Is saved. 

I wish every woman who has much 
c(x>king to do might have a pressure 
cooker. The pressure cooker and oil 
stove simplify hot weather cooking. 
—May H. Mttmaw. 

Baby in Hot Weather 

AOENEniOUS apprication of corn- 
starch will save the baby many 
hoars of anguish from chafing. The 
starch should be applied after wash- 
ing. Pat the parts dry with soft dd 
linen or cotton. 

A prominent physician told me 
only a short time ago that com 
starch was far superior to aH the 
talcum powders for adults as well as 
infants. My babies were kept from 
cha<fing and soreness by the tree use 
of corn starch before talcum powders 
were known. They were fat and 
chubby babies and hot weather was 
very tough on them, altho 1 washed 
their little faces, necks, arms, hands 
and legs many times dally, and filled 
an creases and dimples with com 

Powder Lessens Discomfort 

Never did I change the diapers 
without washing and powdering the 
babtes. And never did I let the little 
ones remain in wet or soiled diapers 
as I have seen some mothers do, with 
the result that their babies suffer 
from chafing, soreness and .scalding. 

A plentiful supply of corn starch 
rubbed over baby's back and stomach 
wfll be very soothing and comfort- 
able in warm weather. Keep the 
babies comfortable and they will be 
happy. It means a lot of work, to be 
«ure. but It i.« a labor of love,— Clar- 
ice Raymond. 

Beat four eggs or the yolks of six 
and to them add four small cupfuls 
scalded milk, stirring' constantly. 
Stir in one-half cupful sugar, one 
teaspoonful vanilla, one-eighth tea- 
spoonful salt and a few grains of 

Pour into individual cups or a 
glass pudding pan, grate nutmeg 
over top, set the cups or pan in a 
large pan of hot water and bake in 
moderate oven until custard will not 
ding to a dry knife thrust into It. 

Do not boll water in pan while 
custard is cooking. Serve hot or cold. 

caramejl custard 

Melt one cupful of sugar in pan 
over a hot fire browning but not 
burning it. Gradually add four cup- 
fuls scalding milk and cook until 
free from lumps. Remove from fire 
and pour slowly over four beaten 
eggs, add one teaspoonful vanilla 
and bake. 


Beat two eggs, a3d one-fourth cap- 
ful sugar, and two cupfuls scalding 
milk, beating all the time. Cook in 
double boiler, stirring constantly, un- 
til mixture forms a coating on the 
spoon. Remove, flavor and set on ice 
to cool. 


Melt together one-fourth cupful 
."Ugar, one-half square chocolate, and 
two tablespoonfuls water and cook 
until smooth. Pour in two cupfuls 
scalding milk and cook again until 
smooth. Remove from the fire. stTMn 
three well beaten eggs, and one tea- 
spoonful vanilla. Strain into butter- 
ed molds and bake In pudding dish 
set in pan ot hot water. Serve when 
cold with a teaspoonful of whipped 
cream on top of each serving. — I* 
M. T. 


Your Children's Teeth 

NOT long ago I sat in a dentist's 
office while he performed a very 
trying and difficult operation on a 
child of eight years. The father and 
mother were In the outer office and 
were suffering as all parents do un- 
der such circumstances. 

The dentist was provoked. He said 
to me: "This operation is all the* 
fault of those parents. This child 

had an ordinary decayed tooth a 

first one. It became abscessed — audi 
the child had a toothache. They put 
on hot application.^ — but did not • 
come to see me until the bone was" 

Had to Miss School 

I did not know all that the dentist 
had to do — but I do know that the 
Jaw bone was diseased — and that the 
dentist said the child would be out) 
of school half a year anyway. AH 
because the teeth were neglected. • 

Upon the advice of an old friend, 
who Is an expert dentist. ,' have tak- J 
en both my children to a dentist at 
least once a year and have thetfl 
teeth gone over. Our dentLst ha» 
watched that they come In ri«l>t,\ 
that they are pulled when they d<|J 
not fall out of their own accord, that 
no decayed teeth go without atten- 

Choose a Good Dentist 
A public health nurse, whose work 
is rural, recently told m© that It is 
appalling how the teeth rrf country 
children are neglected. 

Certainly no child should be al- 
lowed to go with decayed or absoess- 
ed teeth. I fear some dentists do not' 
enjoy working with children's teeth 
and let them slip by. 

Be sure you are taking your child 
to a reputable dentist By all means 
see to the teeth of the growing child 
during summer vacation. — M. H. M. 

To Aid the Busy Housewife 

V_^ a 

Summer Desserts 

kF ALL Btimer desserts custards 
are the easiest to prepare and 
most likely to be approved by every 
member of the family. During the 
months when eggs are cheap they al- 
so furnish a maximum amount of 
nourishment at minimum coet. 

DtrtetlOBs for Ordarlng. — Oirr flrnrvt 
•Dd lettrri of e»rli pattern exactly •> 
printed at beflnning of each deicription. 
Oite buit meiaarei when ordering irtitt 
paUcraa, waiat aeainre for akirt. and 
age f«r ekildren'a patteraa. Addraii 
PeBBiylTaaU FariBer. 281 S. Third 
Straet, Pkiladalphia. Pa. 

Money Earned in Vacation 

t 'ACATIOX money ne*-d not be all 
» tamed at home and the girl who 
•an afford only two weeks at sea- 
•^hore or in the mountains, tan 
lengthen this to the entire season 
it willing to combine work with 
Pleosu.e. In fact one girl who tried 
it, returning home, declared that the 
work was the best part of the vaca- 

At any seaside resort there are 
"»any mothers who ar.- uilling to 
have their children amused ai\d cared 
■or, payine- n gruvi ottin to any out 
v^illlng to nndwrtake the responslMI- 

n ^ '*''' down or more tots can 
easily be supervised at a time, and 
^te as easily as one or two as they 
'*ill amuse each other. 

Morning and Afternoon 

I' is never wise to take younger 
and older children at the same time 
but better to have the little ones In 
'ne morning and the older in the 
*"ernoon if one wishes to gire eight 
nours to work. 

Tutoring children who wUh t(» 
make up some subject during the va- 
»aUon is another source of good in- 
^^'■i* Teaehers can nsaally yire a 

list of those likely to need aid and 
a tactful girl by calling on the moth- 
ers can secure the pupils and then 
arrange to .<pend her vacation in the 
place chosen by their parents. 

Vacationists. wBi?ther In moun- 
tains or at .seashore, always have s 
sweet tooth and the girl who can 
offer "home made" candy Is sure of 
patronage and cati sell at good 
price.*. Fancy cakes and little pies sell 
well at such places and the woman 
who is cooibiaing money earning 
wUh her vacation can get these out 
early In the morning, having the 
laterhours of thr day for plea.sure. 

illl. — .\ f'natortakle Dress lor Malare 
Ptgarra. — Striped tub allk was uacd tn 
thiw instance wUh trimmlnic of white 
bro:idcloUi. Tbl* is a sood style for flan- 
nel, irlnirham or percale. Seven ."rlxes : 3«. 
3S. 40, 43. 44. 4K and 48 inches bust mean- 
urp. A 38-inrh sise requires 4H yards ot 
.IC-inrh material with one-half yard of 
?7-lnch material for collar, mffs and 
porket facingrs. The width of the skirt 
nt the foot is 2*4 yards. Pattern, 10 r«>nts. 


*«€S— The Vneh.llked Tkree-ptere Rktrt. 

— ."^frlpod fl.Tnnpl was n.<<e<l In this in- 
Htance. The model is also Rood for ;>port« 
"•■itm. silk, charmeen or kasha. Seven 
Nizes: 25. 27, 29. 31, 33, .33 an.l 37 Incheo 
waist measure with oorrespondinir hip 
measure, 35. 37, 59. 41. 4J, 45 and 4T 
inches. A 31 -inch siae will require IK 
yards of J«-inch materiaL Th* width at 
the foot is 5« Inches. Pattern. 10 cents. 




cambric, batiste, crepe or crepe de chltic 

r^t^jjr". J"; ""- "»««•«- Th>^ mod"' 

t^ « -,. l'-'"" ^^': "'""'"" !'"'•"'"' buttoned 
!? ^-^"w* portion. Six sizes : 4, 8. 8, 10, 
tI "_i* /•''*'* A tO-ye.Tr sizo n-nuires 
clttT ■'"'"'"'"' '"aterial. Pattern. W 


Swimming Instructors in Demand 

At the seashore a girl who is a 
good swimmer can give lessons. Par- 
ents a-e always glad to have their 
children In charge of a competent In- 
structor until able to handle them- 
selves well in the water. 

The girl with a small camera can 
take and finish pictures and will find 
her services much in demand. The 
children in the water, a pretty view, 
the bote? piazza. — no vacationist can 
resist a desire to lend home "snap 
shots." — L. M. T. 

*ll«.— Aa Ayroa Model^-This style Is 
K<«>d in lawn, ^nitham, percale or cre- 
tonne. It may be trimm<>d with bliw band- 
ins. i;lck rack braid or edfrtnR and finlab- 
**'' 'j'Hl. or without a sash. Four sizes: 
small. S4-M: medlttin, 38-40: large. 4J-44 • 
extra Urg;e. 4«-4g Inches bust iacas«r«. A 
medinm slxe requires 3% yards of 27- 
inch material. Pattern, lo cents. 

*'*5*— A Popalar Blosie Ktyle.— Black 
crep* satin and white broadcloth arp herp 
combined. TWs to afeo a mooA .ityle tat 
Unen. crepe d« chine, and figured sIBt 
Seven siaes : 34, 36, 38, 40, 42, 44 and 46 
inches bust m&aure. A 38-tnch sise wUI 
require ITa yard of J2-lnch material with 
Ave elglTtha yard of contrasting material 

for collar .ind eoffk, if made as illastnited. 

If made of one material tH yards will 

l.e re.|iilr. Ml Pattern, 10 cents 

«Mt*— rot tks "liltUe Haa.»— Flannel, 
Jerspy cloth, twill or .<ier(e c«uld be usi t 
for this ruoAA. U I* also good for wash 
fabrics. The blouse may be finished with 
the sippvp lonff. or fn elbow lenrth as it- 
lu.'.tr.Tfcl. Three sire.i : S. 4 and « vears. 
A fov-year sise requires 2\ yards of 
M-ineh materUL For colUr and cuflfs on 
long sleeves of contrasting material five- 
eighths y.irrf is reqirired. 27 Inches wHIe. 
Pattern. lo cents. 

.Sesd tSe tn allrer sr ateaps for ssr wk. 
to-dnte aprtng asd •■aimer IHS Bowk sf 


PennstfWania Farmer 



Cousin Ruth's Letter 

in 1776, when coloniRts were all 
atirrtd itp over the future of the 
settlements they had made in the 
new country of America. Caesar Rod- 
ney and his friend, Thomas McKean, 
were doing all they could to interest 
the people of Delaware in the cause 
of independence. 

It was July. Thomas Jefferson had 
just written the declaration which 
later became our famous Declaration 
of Independence, and Thomas Mc- 
Kean. alonK with George Reade, — 
who didn't approve of the steps being 
taken against King George — had 
gone up to Philadrlphia to a meeting 
of the Continental Congress In the 
State House. 

Caesar Rodney was left at home 
sick. One day an anxious horseman 
came to him bearing important news. 
Congress 'vas then in .'ie.^sion — the 
declaration of Thomas Jeffei-son had 
be< n rear! to the assembled delegates 
In Philadelphia, but .some, like 
George Reade. didn't bdieve in op- 
posing King George, and tbf vole of 
Catsar Rodney in favor of the dec- 
laration would be necessai'y n<'\t day 

if the cause of independence was to 
'be won. 

There was no time to be lost and 
Caesar Rodney, the third delegate 
from Delaware swaddled his black 
horse and set out for Philadelphia, 
eighty miles away. 

Hi' Is up. hi' i.H off, anil thi' k'KHj ■itowl Aim 
On thi lii'rihirani mad in- tlio "<!od-«iH'iKl" diM. 
It In tollnp mil spur an tl..' l.-j ;iii'>i tjio' clear 
And !hi' rta-^torinu' mili''iT(»ni-' nmve a-rear. 

It IH fwi> of tbi' rlix-k. ami ili" fli-it hoofs flliu 
TliK Kii'lilhiin' duvt niMi a r' iii.; anil « rlllia; 
TJiriN'. rinil with slni'driuil r. n li" i:anoii<i nhcn' 
Till' roiiil KlniL" il"\rM ti> tlir IM.inaii'. 

It i« four as he spurs lnli> Ni'W I'aiitli' town. 
Kmm his paiitliiK siiiU k'lts ijuirWy down 
"III*, ft In'sh oni^ Jiasti', m-t a iiiniiii'nt to wsit." 
Anil oil rlilm Rnilni'v. the ili'livati*. 

It Is Am. anil thi' liiaiiLs i»f iho wi-stpni sun 
Tliue Ihe si'ln'w of \Vi!i»liii;ti>n. cold and duni 
Sii, ami Ihi' dust i.r tli.' I'li'Stir str. I'l 
Klii-s hai'k 111 a clnuil frnm his hnrso'a fort. 

It in s<>Ti'n; the h'>r«o-Iniat Iiroail of beam. 
At tlio Si-hu>lkill fern. ir.iMls o\i'r tho ativun; 
But at «i'\i-ii-Iiftis-n. h> ilif lE^Ttt nhoiisi> eloi'k, 
lie has Humh his nUt t'> tin- taivni jucJc. 

Tho <'nii,rrcK« has met. the U'lii'lo benin, 
Aipd Iibert>- lats for the \..te nf oiii> — 
When, into tho hall. n-'T a iM"tnent latr. 
Walks I'ai'sar It<>dne>. tho il'-leuiiie. t 

t Hv Klilrlilee Stre»trr Hr^-iks (184e-lPOi), He- 
priMiil fro:il the ThlLl. Evenns nuHellii 

And Cae.«ar Rodney had saved the 
Declaration of Independence. 


From Forum Friends 

Dear Forum Friends ami CoiKsin 
Ruth: — I have not writt.Mi in a long 
lime so I thought I would wiiit- now. 
My old<>st sister and I starfeil taking 
music lessons last Wednesday. June 
10th. My Bister passed the «>ighth 
grade and got her diploma. I passetl 
all my subjects but arithmetic. I 
am going to take the examination in 
arithmetic on the 21st of August. I 
will be thirteen years old In Atigust. 

The pictures that were published 
of the boys and girls who won first, 
second and third prizes wmt ital 
cute, wcrfu't th<y. Cousin Rmli? I 
have been having a lot of fun i itling 

send a pit lure of my home in Mlck- 

<"ousln Ruth, do you like music? 
We h;ive a camera. I am learning to 
use it. — Frances Wright, Lehigh 
County. Pa. 

If you have written before you are 
alread.v a member but each time yoit 
write, even tho your letter Isn't 
printiMi, your name will apear on the 
list of member.=i for that week. 

Dear Cousin Ruth and Fnruin 
Friends: — I am elevt-n years old and 

oiR Fi\F. Ki.ot K OK <.i;i>i: 
Jllliia Oroir, Lanra«lrr < oiinty, i>u. 

my hor?p. Dexter. Well, I had better 
closi . - .\iilta gerklns. .MI' L'lnny 
County. V Y. 

P.S. — I forgot lo tell ymi I have a 
younir crow that <-an't flv ninrh ypf. 
I call It Fodder. I let it run all 
around our place. It begins to "caw" 
when It gets hungry. 

Dear Cousin Ruth and Forum 
Friends: — This Is my third letter, so 
please. Cousin Ruth. t»'ll nw If I mar 

1 have a tent and have a phono- 
graph to play. I was raised on a 
farm but we are rid of farming. We a sale. 

We huve many Sweet William 
flowers, all different klnd.>». The bed 
Is twelve by nine feet. Do you love 
flowers. Cousin Ruth? I will send one 
of my plriures next time I write. We 
hnvf a lot of chit^kens. I will also 

have passed the examination for hiah 
schotd. I live In the country but not 
on a fnrm. I have a pr.tiy whiit- Es- 
kimo dog for a pet. Would you like 
to have his picture for the Fonim 
page. (^oiiAfn Rii»h' I mlgfct »#itrt !t 
after I get my camera. 

We also have three white cath and 
twenty-five chickens. In tho sum- 
mer time we go out picnicking, I 
think that's fun. Don't you? — Emma 
Steffy. Berks County, Pa. 

Don't forget — we'll be looking for 
the picture of your Kskimo dog. 

Dear Cousin Ruth and Forum 
Friends: — Can you beat this for 
spring weather? On June the sixth it 
was ninety-eight degrees In the 
shade at my home. I live In a largf 
white house on top of a hill which 
la above the town of I'atton. In tht* 
summer we take boaidirs. 

For my pet I havf a Collie dog 

named Sport. He got his namo be- 
cause of his playfulness. He runs 
races with the horses, .swims for 
anything you throw in the water and 
will also run for a ball or stone 

I had another dog 
He would sit up 

which you Iliiow. 
but he was killed, 
and beg for food. 

Our school quit on June 9 and I 
was fourteen on June 4th. This was 
my sophomore year and as 1 passed 
all my branches I'll be a junior next 
year. How many like school? I do. I 
almost love It. 

There were three birds, 
Baltimore oriole, and a 
They've all hatched and 
nest.s already. I just love 
had a bird contest In our 
.see who could find tho most birds. 
I didn't win but one girl saw fifty 
different kind.?. — Lucy Strittmatter, 
Cambria County, Pa. 

a robin, a 


left their 

hirds. We 

school to 

July 4, 1921; 

22nd. All the schools in HempfleM 
Township had their picnic at Oak- 
ford Park that day. I had a fli.rt 
lime aiul enjoyed myself on the mer- 
ly-go-roiind, caUerpiUar and other 
amusement places while some did not 
care to go on. 

We had our children's service Sun- 
day evening, Juno 14th. I had a part 
in it. Evorybo(iy .said It was flno. 
For pets I have four Bantams and a 
dog; his name is Ted. He will bring 
the horses and cows without being 
told and can do many tricks. Some- 
times I feed the two calves and have 
lots of fun feeding them. My sister 
milks the cow. One is all she milks 
now. I like to milk but am not al- 
lowed. — Nora Gertrude Hartge, 
Westmoreland County, Pa. 

In my grammar school days we 
had an all-day picnic, too, and how 
I used to look forward to It. I'll 
never forget these good times. I 
don't suppose you like a merry-go- 
round a bit better than I do! 


Answers to riddles sent by Alice 
Hesser, Mifflin County, Pa., publish- 
ed June 27, 1925. 

1. The wind Is blew. 

2. Red (read). 

3. Because a "B' follows it. 

4. A yard stick. 

Answers to riddles sent In by Ruth 
Vogle, Sullivan County, Pa. 

1. Because It is past-ur-age. 

2. ^V^len It is wrung for dinner. 

3. Your photograph. 

.MV IIUOTIir.H .\MI <>l It KITTIi: 
A'lolii Srhenk, >Vii) lu* County, I'n. 

Dear Cousin Ruth: — This is my 
brother. He Is four years old. The 
kitten he Is holding is a three-color- 
ed kitten. It Is black, white and yel- 
low. She was thrte months old when 
the picture was taken. It was taken 
in our front yard. With good luck to 
the Forum page. — Viola Sch« nk. 
Wayne County, Pa. 

Dear Cousin Ruth and Forum 
Friends: — Our school was out Mav 

Week's Forum Members 


BI::RK.S COl'.NTV.— .M.-irqu.Tit Powell, 
]'^ntii.-i. Sti-ffy. 

CA.MnniA ror.VTY.— Margaret Stout, 
Luiy .StriHiii.-itlir. 

(-U.MHKIII-.VNI> r O U N TT.— Huldnh 

DAfl'lII.V Ctlf.NTY.— Helen BasOior.'. 

KAYKTTJ: CDf.VTY.— Susan Hought. 

JL'NIATA COUXTy.— Miriam Erne>t 
(D only). 

LKHIOtt roc. VT v.— Francis Wrlifttt. 

PKUIJY CDfXTY.— I>orolhy Curfni.Tn, 
Lottie Curfinan. 

WASHINC;T0X cor. VTY.— .tune Cher- 

WAYXK rou.STY.— Mabel Jensen (PV 

\vi:.s rMoni':u\xi > county. — Nor.i 

tliTtruile IlartaRe. 

YORK COUXTY. — Catberino Ellen 

CAJIDKX COf.\ TV.— Tfielma Warwick. 

Al.L,KGHA.VY t< >r\TY.— Anita Perk- 

TAI>nOT •'Ot.'.VTY— Alma Spencer. 

Qur^ little: f^olk^s 


Dear Little Folks: — It will not be 
difflciilt to solve this petiiliar looking 
puz/l". All you have to do is to draw 
liiio.H as follows: from 1 to 2; from 
3 to 4; from .'> to 6 to 7; from 8 to 
I» to 10: from 11 to 12; fnmi 13 to 
14; from 1.'. to 16; from 17 to 18. 
After you have drawn the lines turn 
the puzzle mound slowly until you 
fvci the answer staring right at you. 
When you have found the answer, 
send it to me on a POSTCARD so 
that it reaches me bv July 11, BE 
The ten children, sending in the cor- 
rect answer, who.s»" cards art' tho 
best in grammar, spelling, punctua- 
tion, penmanship and general ap- 
pearance, will each receive a prize. all replies to the PUZZLE 

PS.: What a flock of little friends 
have been answering the puzzles dur- 
ing tlie past few weeks! I can't tell 
about It yet, but I'm hoping to havf 
a pleasant surprise for those of Our 
Little Folks who answer every week. 
Wishing you all good luck. 

Puzzle Editor. 

Puzzle Prize Winners 

The answer to the puzzle in the 
June 13 issue of Pennsylvania Farm- 

The prize \vlnnei> are: William 
Cashor, age 9. York, Pa.; George L. 
Conrad, age 7, South Gibson, Pa.: 
Anna Ferron, age 9. Cochranvllle. 
Pa.; Roy Hanawalt. age 8, McVey- 
town, Fn.; Anna Alary Henry, age H. 
Delta, Pa.; Rebecca Louise Pugh, age 
8, Oxford. Pa.; Hilda A. Mase, an-' 
10, Schaefferstown. Pa,; "Estella Mill- 
er, age 8, Jamestown, Pa.; Samut! 
Wallers, age 11. Parkerford, Pa.; 
John Wright, age 10, Boswell, Pa. 

'M J 

■* i » > 






"<« /: 

July 4, 1925 

Pennsylvania Farmer 

--Left to right: Barrett Haulman. John 
pilland. Charles Hawn— the winning 
team in the dairy cattle contest at Penn- 
sylvania State College. June 16-19. 

—A. Spousler Shearer and the prize he won 
•n the farmers' dairy judging contest. 

-Mtate champion awlne judging team— left 

Jm 1 ,*■ ^^'"'* Haugh. William Barr, 
< It Ik Songer. 


■ — Visitors on Farraei-s' Field Day learning 
how to tie knots and splice ropes. 

. — .\ view of the cattle Judging contest 
showing some of those Interested, 

, — Mrs. John Meigs, wife of the commander 
of the President's yacht, Mayflower. 

-Honoring two great Americans a, 

glimpse of the Washington monument 
seen thru the handle of an urn at the en- 

(Coi.yr:«ht h, n.dirwood * rndtrwood. etws't .Vnj. I, S 3 4 SI 

trance to the Lincoln Memorial ' ' 
^~^ \^ wearing her medal, awarded for 
heroism in the rescue of a thirteen-year- 
old boy from drowning. 
9.— A perilous moment at a fashionable horse 
irt T»,T f °"*^°' Chicago's country clubs. 
Po.^^'^WM.."^ *'2r, graduates at West^ Military Academy. Acting Secre- 
tary of War Davis l« the speaker. 


Tennsytvania Farmer 

The Education of Billy Stream 

By Frederick H^illiam Wallace 

C«v>r«'l. Hl>I>I>Ui & tntilT.HIt'K. 1 III . 


BILLY came in from Pon Anthony 
on the morning of Dec>>miber 
twenty-fourth. He had hip skates and 
college hockey gear with him tout 
Bomehow or other he did not feel at 
all enthusiastic about ClancyV piop- 
<»ition. The idea of getting a fish- 
ing crew by prowess at hockey wbf 
so absurd that he thought little of 
it. However, when he arrived in 
town, he found there wn> more of 
a furore over the game than h*' im- 
agined. . 

The Ingenious Clancy ha<i billed 
the whole country about the event 
find, being a skillful press-agent, did 
not fail to advertise the fact that a 
college-bred flshing-skipptr « ;.f go- 
ing to play a star game in order to 
get a crew. As a result, fishermen 
from all np and down the coast came 
into Anchorville to see the game at 
7.00 P. M. the rink was crowded. 

The Cobtown men came in on a 
special train, and a hu.«ky crowd 
they were — ^hard-muscled young fel- 
lows who played a rough, slashing 
game when science failed to give 
them victory. 

"They're a dirty crowd. Stream, 
said an Anchorville man to Billy as 
they climbed into their clothes at 
the" rink. "Most of them are me- 
chanics from the Cobtown Engine 
Works and they rough it up in the 
second half. Our fellows are lighter 
than they are. most of us being bank 
clerks and etorekeepers- so we'll look 
to you at coverpoint to help us out." 

'Til do my best." an.«'Wfred 
Stream, "but remember, boys, com- 
bination is everything. Don't hog 
the puck and play lone-hand games. 
Pass every time you're tackled, and 
let vour forward men keep in a line 
across the rink ready to take a pass. 
Remember that — combination's the 

The Cobtown men in black-and-yel- 
low Jerneys and storkinps were al- 
ready on the ice and shooting the 
puck around. When the red-and- 
white arrayed AnchorviU*- boys ap- 
peared, a great cheer greeted them. 

"Now. then. Billy Stream!" shout- 
ed a man. "The Jennie gits a gang 
ef you play the game!" 

Hillv took up his position as cover- 
point when the whistle blew and the 
referee faced the puck off. The ice 
was hard, nnd from the outset the 
game was fast — too fast for Billy, 
who lacked practice. 

Wiib dull skate* on the hard ice. 
Stream made a poor showing during 
the Hvst half of the gnnif. Several 
tlmrs the Cobtown men got past him 
and the Anchorville goal wa^ bom- 
barded with shots which only the 
skillful gonl-tender saved Once, with 
the ptick at his feet, he fell down on 
the ice. and a smart CoMowr for- 
ward got it and shot a clean goal 
from the vings. The roar of approv- 
al from the Colbtown fans made Bil- 
ly frel badly, and he cursed hiK dull 
skatfp and lack of practice. 

"If the ice only softens up a hit " 
he murmured, "Fll be able to dc 

The fust half had a minute to go 
with thf .score 1 — in favor of the 
visitors, when Billy got the puck and 
the Cobtown men had their goal un- 
defended. With an eye to an off-side 
play. Stream cautiously carried the 
ptick up the ring, dodged a Cob- 
town forward, pa.ssed to center, re- 
ceived the puck again, dodged the 
Cobtown point. an<l saw the goal 

"Shoot! Shoot!" roared the An- 
chorville spectators. 

He glanced at the direction of the 
goal, stiffened up his stick for the 
drive to goal, and then ignominously 
slipped and fell down on the ice amid 
the angry howls of the home crowd. 
The half-time bell rang, and Billy 
wf^nt to the dressing-room with 
"Take Stream to the morgue — he's a one," ringing in his ears. One 
thing alone served to alleviate his 
chagrin — the ice was getting softer. 

In the dressing-room, Clancy hunt- 
ed around for a new pair of skates, 
but failed to find any. 

"Never mind," said Stream. "Fll 
do better this next haW — the ice Is 
getting softer." 

"For Heaven's sake, man. wake 
up!" almost pleaded Clancy. "If we 
git trimmed I stand to lose a pile of 
money. I betted on yon — ^you being 
a college man and a good hockey 

The second half of a hockey game 
is usually the fastest and most excit- 
ing. The men have gotten into their 
s-trlde by then and the deciding goals 
are won or lost. Stream noted with 
satisfaction that the ice was softer 
and that his dull skates cut in bet- 
ter. He took his place with an air 
of grim determination and stood, M 
strapping, handsome figure of a man, 
strong and agile. 

The puck was faced off and a Cob- 
town man gnot it and came down the 
rink like a etreak of lightning. He 
passed the Anchorville forwards, the 
rover, and made a stick play in front 
f * Billy. 

TO THE Cobtown man's surprise, 
Billy got the puck and started 
up the ice like a cat. He dodged the 
Cobtown forwards and their cover- 
point and then passed to center. The 
center man. relying on Stream no 
more after spoiling the last shoot 
for goal shot himself and missed. 
Pour times Stream got the puck and 
went up the ice with It and on pass- 
ing the shot was spoiled by his own 

"I'll play my own game after 
this." muttered Billy- and he did. 

At the Anchorville goal, he got the 
puck and made a splendid single- 
handed run thru all the Cobtown 
forwards. The cover-point tried to 
block him but was easily eluded, and 
Billv shot — a wonderful unerring 
flrivf — which sent the rubber into 
the Cobtown nets, and the cheers 
which followed showed how this play 
was appreciated. 

The pcore stood an even one to one 
with fifteen minutes to play. 

With another goal to get in order 
to get their opponents, the Cobtown 

team started roughing the play and 
body-checking the Anchorville men 
heavily. The pace was telling on the 
home team, and Stream noticed that 
his men were getting fagged and 
failed to follow up the puck. Andy 
Kelly, a bank clerk, playing iu^ rov- 
er for Anchorville. was their best 
man. ami Stream skated up to him. 

"How'rp you feeling?" he asked. 

"Pretty fit." replied the other. 

"Well then, you follow me and 
stand by for passes. Our team's 
breaking up." 

"Right-oh! I'm with you!" 

A heavily built Cobtown player 
literally bodied his way down the 
rink with the puck and knocked his 
opponents off their feet with his 
strength and weight. Like a wild 
horse he came speeding down toward 
Stream- and It looked as if nothing 
could stop him. 

Billy skated for him. The two 
bodies met with a clink of steel and 
the clash of hockey sticks. There 
was a sullen thud as the Cobtown 
man drove into the sideboards and 
sprawled headlong, and Billy came 
racing up the rink with the rtibber 
disk before him. Glancing around, 
he noticed Kelly pacing him. He 
dodged numerous black-and-yfllow 
figures, who slashed at the puck and 
his .«tick savagely, and made a light- 
nln«r pass to Kelly on the right wing. 

"Shoot! shoot! Kelly!" screamed 
the crowd. 

The Cobtown point tackled him 
Just as he was abotit to make a drive 
for the goal and amid the disappoint- 
ed roars of the Anchorville fans, 
the point player secured the puck 
and started to run the rubber down 
the rink again. 

LIKE a red-and-white streak. Billy 
went after him; stick? clashed, 
and before the Cobtown goal-minder 
knew what happened, the puck c.ime 
at him like a shot from a gun and 
clattered into the net. The spectat- 
ors yelled with delight and Clancy 
shouted himself hoarse. 

"€kK)d boy. Billy! Only ten min- 
utes more an' we've got them trim- 

The puck was faced off. and 
Stream found himself the objective 
of all the Cobtown players. He had 
the rubber again and was running up 
the rink when the big fellow, whom 
he sent sprawling previously, delib- 
erately slashed hini over the head 
with his stick. 

Stream fell to the Ice like a pole- 
axed ox and lay pron«' while shrieks 
of rage went up from the crowd. The 
referee bl«-w his whistle: the Cob- 
town player was sent off the ice for 
the balaiice of the game, and Billy 
was carried into the dressing-room 
bleeding profu.'»ely from a na.sty cut 
on the side of the head. 

He revived a minute later and in 
a daze allowed his head to be ban- 
daged. While he was being attended 
to. Clancy c.tme bustling in. 

"We're trimmed' We're trlmmt-d?" 
he walled. "Kelly's lh« only man on 
the Ice that can stnnd on his feet — 
the's gono to pieces and Cob- 
town hev evened up the score — three 
to three!" 

Stream struggled to his feet. 

"Let me out!" he growled savace- 
ly. and he staggered otit of the room 
and on the ice in time to chick a 
rush of the Cobtown forwards. 

His head with the crack he 
had received; he could see nothing 
but the Cobtown goal ahead of him 
and the puck. He had to get th*^^ rub- 
ber into their goal once more and 

July 4, 192.-) 

he eummoned all bis strength and 


"Another goal and I'll trim them 
and get my gang!" he reminded him- 
self, mentally. 

Peeling horribly weak, he sped up 
the rink, bodying his opponents, 
leaping over swinging sticks, but 
keeping the little black disk forever 
before him. 

The opposing team sped after him, 
but he dodged, doubled and outdis- 
tanced them all. They slashed at his 
stick, but the wrists that held it 
were wrists of steel — the puck seem- 
ed to be contained within an impreg- 
nable curve of rock-elm and they 
failed to get It. 

IT WAS a spectacular run from one 
end of the rink to the other — a 
gauntlet In which five men were 
eluded as a hare might elude a pack 
of snarling hounds. And at last he 
found himself before the Cobtown 
goal with the tender awaiting his 
shot as watchful as a cat. 

"Shoot! Shoot!" shrieked the ex- 
cited crowd, and summoning all his 
strength. Billy shot, and collapsed 
Just as the closing bell rang. 

He woke up to find himself lying 
on bis back on a bench in the dress- 
ing-room. Clancy was bending over 
him and forcing brandy between his 

"Go«h. boy!" he shouted ecstatic- 
ally. "'What a game! We've trimmed 
them — th' swabs! Pour to three an' 
you're th' lad what done It. That 
iast bit o' play was a blame marvel. 
Run thru th' hull crowd o' them 
single-handed an" shot — ^Lord Harry, 
what a shot! It was like a bullet an' 
actually bust th* cussed net. If it hit 
that goal-tender It 'ud ha* killed him 

"Where'is that guy that clipped 
me?" growU-d Billy ominously. 

"Oh. n»vfr mind him." said Clan- 
cv. "He's gone." 

The door burst open and Ben An- 
thony and a crowd of Anchorville 
fishermen swarmed In. 

•••V^Tien are ye shippin' yer gang, 
skip?" shouted one of them. 

"Sail on th' second or third of 
January." replied^tream. 

"Give me a sight, by Judas! Ill go 
jest for th' fun o' th' thing!" 

Other voices shouted: "Me too. -by 
Oodfrev. Count me in. Billy! TU go 
even ef the ol' Jennie rolls over!" 

It was a rare bunch of terriers that 
sailed to the Bank- with Billy 
Stream — a young, harum-scarum 
gang, imbued with the sporting in- 
stinct, afraid of nothing and ready 
to take a chance on anything. Thru 
The hockey match, the young skipper 
secured seventeen men. an eight-dory 
gang and a spare hand, and two days 
after the New Year hc>llday. the Jen- 
nie Anthony, in winter rig of four 
lower*, swung out to sea with the 
winter haddocklng fleet and madf 
her first fishing set on the northeast- 
ern edge of Brown's Bank. 

Bill soon realized that command- 
ing a fishing vessel entailed numer- 
ous responslblUies and anxieties: the 
s.lcctlon of the fishing-ground; the 
direction and number of ttibs of 
trawl the men had to net from the 
dorlex called for an intimate knowl- 
edge of the bottom and the run of 
the tides: the schc>oner had to be 
maneuvered by the skipper and the 
spare hand when the dories were 
strung out over four miles of se.i, 
and the former must keep an eye on 
them all. and attend to them should 
their gear part or they need help fh 
i.nv way. 

J'lTy 4. 1925 

Activities of Al Acres: A I Doesn't Want Slim to Show His Colors 

Bu Leet 


All RtDANDBt-l*- 

Pennsylvania Farmer 

Out Weekly Cross Word Puzzle 

'°J?.V^ ?'^**l'"'v **." '" ^^^ *''"^ ^''"''''■^s '^"h letters forming the 
ind '7M;wnlrSATVR "v ''^•°"/- ""-P'^" ^^ <aeross) is A^M -J 
♦h« ;ff,;.M ^,} ^- ^°" "^^ ''^«'" "ny^'here in the puzzle Follow 

llmJ^Jn >, ''"f^""'^ *"'«• «»y noMng letters common to two word? you 

rn'^nTrl^TasVe.^'^" '"* '^'"^ *""• '''>* «^""'- <" ^'>"' """'^ -" aVea^ 


' ru-il 'wi*?'* °' * Ketieral In th« 
c A pliylng card having one spot 
2 yul'k r.t :xppr*h(?nsion. I'xpert 

fia. Manual .nkill 

nbbr,^-"V"n'" "^ "»* **'^^* hemisphere. 
17. What a Jamb says 

II- 6 *«'"'t""' •• rtlvlslon »f X^rway 

20. Tour uncle 

?2. Travels :>n foot 

2^ Pertaining to the tea 

h?J'f«'*ii fl" • V- .'*"' number of orl«(nal 
Kateii In the lni>n. nonnin numeral 

.1. One wh-v puts hia country Jlrjit 
\i». To accomplish 
I ^0, To acr>'« (•> 

1 7-" 5""w*f^,?'"-'^'"'"^ *»■ ^ c..rpi>r.u.» body 
I3.>. To behold 

136. Doctor .f Civi: Law. abbreMati .n 

I;;- I'-TKe -.ountry m nirrher:, Kurope 

•jt^n-ling In'> Aj.!... abbrevirtlon 

T'.Ji" !"»'■ ':! ^*"' Pre!il<lehr iurlng the 

ranish-An-Hoan War 

It. roiintrv of southern Europe In whos-. 

nips Coliirnhu.^ <,ii|o.| 

11' n 'If* Knsrlan.l state, abbreviation 

J*- i;?'"*'o'» ■>' parorl of ground 

»5. Th" pro'^'ijii of ti)inj{ 

tL °.\i*''*'"' *>' *"* American Revni,,- 

■on. ahbreviition 

^7. .V ronsi-r- • of frui» 

RF.\r>tNrj D«-)WN 

1 1. One of 1 km I 
It. ShllHnir iSbr^vi-itl .n 
«. Th- 1T-Hi.|»nfj inltliU 
Is. An ise 

17. A i(ui.| m»i«ur-. nbbr»vi.i» 
lO. Otjt of t\ni'r 

Is. Mr Sh.«n 

11. "My Country. 'Tl.q of Thee' 

plur^T*'" "*■''"'' *"*"'' '"■ ■"'x'"*'' Pa'n. 

18. Whit Adnm and Eve ate 
„::J.'''^"''' !." mythology having a 

• ■?>.^'^? and the Ior., of a goat 
thl'nT^: ^ol.'; "■^'"'^ '"'"" '"">-«> every- 
-1. A .itv „f PrnBll 
24. To utter 
!•">. .\ disorderly crowd 
2«. Right .-I way 
•til. .\ mnnk'.H hood 
31. A legume whlrh human* eat 

♦hi'nJ'he!;"',- '" """' ""•"•'• »" »' """- 

3S ?iSn,i;» '"'■":'" w^"" "' " ♦'•«'* or plant 
36. Dep.nrtment. abbreviation 
-•<■ A covering 

I? ^fi^' i"""*'' "' '"'^"- "^frevlatlon 
41 SIgnnI corps abbreviation 

htmlljhere"" """""*"» "' '»»• ^-«-™ 
*X Wh-it some folk, call their mother 

We wlHh to know how many of our 
rea.Iers .nre Interested in theae crM^T 
word puzzles. If you want us to cT 
tlniie piibli.shing them please send ua 
a postcard to that effect. . 


growled one man. "No use lyin' out 
here with a trip below." 

"Yes " remarked another. "Taln't 
b owln noways hard. She'd drive 
along nicely under rldln' sail, foresl 

fL, J"'"-*'l" ^""^ "« 't continued, 
regular fisherman's gabble which no 
experienced skipper ever listens to 
Billy stream was green, and he 

nfA^'^l^K^'' u**"^ "°^''' *y tumbling 
out of his bunk and singing out for 

t" !'^"''« t" «Pt the riding sail and 
get the veB.seI under way. 

u '^''® /^"nle made heavy weather of 
t, and the talkers began to regret 
their outspoken opin'ons when the 
h^^y^r ''♦JT^ *'■''""•'• The wind 
wM ! .K '■*''''*^* ""•^ freezing cold, 
while the spray which whirled over 
the schooner froze on her decks 
aalla and rigging. During the night 

iVm" "'«=^-™«"^t'' ani belayIng-5Vn 
drill." pounding the ice away. 

.J} /J'"^f ^^^'^^^ during the day. 
and the Ice made so fast that all 
hands were unable to clear it The 
decks were filmed In Ice a foot thick 
and ropes and standing rigging were 
fhLT^^*" the thicknes., of a man's 
thigh. The deck-houses dories, wind- 
lass and cables were undlatlngulsh- 
able in the shroud of ice which cov- 
ered them, and Billy ordered life- 
lines to be rigged fore-and-aft and 
ashes scattered upon the slippery- 
decks to prevent the men from slid- 
Ing overboard. 


"This Is getting tough." muttered 
the sjklpper. "If it makes much 
niore, she'll capsize with the weight 
of it. Urn! Let me .«ee! Cobtown Har- 
bor la thirty miles away. It'll take 
us .seven or eight hours— maybe 
more — to make it. We can't do It If 
it keeps cold like this." 

The men were getting unusually 
nervous and frightened and were 
throwing anxious glances In Stream's 
direction. The vessel was looking 
like an Iceberg, and the tons of frot- 
en water on her superstructure caus- 
ed her to roll dangerously. 
The men came aft. 
"We can't clear her. Skip," they 
said. "What are you goln' to do' 
We'll sink soon." 

"What do you usually do In a case 
like this." asked Billy anxiously. 

"How do we know!" growl- 
ed a man. "We ain't bin out like 
this afore. You're skipper here an* 
you ought to know." 

..«'''^'! . '■'SJht." snapped Stream. 
Stand by to wear ship! Slack off yer 
foreaheet! Git that rldlnk sail down 
and the mains'l hoisted. Put a single 
reef In It!" 

"What are ye going to do?" 

"Go ahead an' do as I tell you!" 

he replied grimly. "Pound that sail 

clear and get It hoisted." 

(To be continued next week) 

How Do You Like Your Radio? 

T;vx^.\p-YikTbLr a^-drhartVJ^^^ 

rZZn- T- ^Y IV"^""'*""' '^ sponsored b/ the National Farm Rad?o 
»rov^ni' »" "'"^^"'^f "°" £'«'^^"P of P'^ople interested in extending and Itn^ 
proving radio service. President Coolidge is honorarv nresident of lh» 
Council, and L. J. Tabor. Master of the National OrangMs'k trustee Pen! 
sylvanla Parmer Is anxlou. to aid in gathering the Information necessa?; 
to Improve the rac<lo service and we urge our readersTo fllT ot Mhe fXi^ 
Ing questionnaire mall It to roiiow- 

581 South Third St.. Philadelphia. Pa. 

1. What U your fnvorlle broadcasting station? 

2. Why? 

3. Which part of rn.iio programs appeals most to you; orchestra, singing, 
educational farm talks, market reports, weather foreca.«f.s. or 

^. Is your radio useful as well as entertaining? 

• In what way? 

What 1.4 the most useful thing you get over rnlin?. 
Hive radio market reports ever saved you money?. 

• . How did ii happen? 

3\ll-han1linj and the navigation 
■.«H ^"^^''' "^?re In the skipper's 
lhl„\ ■";"-'>y The m-n merelv 
kuJr, '""'^*"- *'"^ «n t**"^ >t was ab- 
W»ly nereMan- that h^ gain their 

frHho.^rv ?."'' ^''® *"'^ commands 
rithout hesitation. Stream, with but 

^M^'^V'''* "^P^rlence in flshlng- 
, while -h. fl.^t ^»re In .=«lght, Bil- 
J 1 "V-' "" "^""'•' ^^tch them 
hr 1,1 *'!'.' ^^^'^ '"'' TTnfortunatelv 
or mm th» wind c.ime awav heavy 
""night, and when morning dawn- 
1. rhore wasn't a sail In alght. 
a-;^ l"".n' L«"^'«-' «aid Billy. 

^'"r^^J::^^, -'^y^- ^h^y flf^-i 

llth ♦I.-"'" ^''^aiil A oanujwme fare 
\rX !r^. *'?""'* »" to themselves, 
nrv \J^ ■' I''""»and pound.^ of had- 
l'' in fh 'i.'>7 Kround fish below on 
for P ' }"'}^- ^'"»' ^"^ swinging 
ror p>rt Anthony, but he n.sten- 

»nl o?° "1" ''*'" «''«'''' *"n to 

l>D»ara„?'*?-'l"*"' *>•*«» "' "• The 
f th« ,1 "'. '"^ '^y- ^^^ o'«y "'n 
kti "ed M '"*'' *'••' '*"*"« barometer 
ime of IC" *""*' »PPrehen9lon. but 
Lrn. n. "^*'" averred that such 
father * ""' ^^"""y^ ™*«" *««« 

le'iS'tr^"'';:/'"- 'Wingin' her off 
^kI Lr« "' «'*** '""*' ««• th' akr 
K H r harbors all th* time." tkef 

."aid. and Billy allowing for their ex- 
per„.nce in .such things, kept the ves- 
sel on the grounds. 

rt ended In his having to pick the 
rforles up In a moderate gale of rain 
and sleet. He had Just time to ge 
them and the fish aboard when a sav- 
age squall .struck the schooner and 
hove her down with the four lowers 
still on her. 

fr^'^Vu^ '^v''". y^" ^^^■" ^^ "-oared 
jrom the wheel. "Aft here and sheet 
in yer mains'l! Now. fellers get 
re.tdy to tie the maln.s'l up. Get vour 
crotch tackles hooked In. Ready-* 

„«. ^r^.T/Y y'''' ''•'»l>--"-'«a! Roll her 
up! \lell heave-to under fores'l and 
jumbo till this blows over." 

They dres.<«ed the fish Hown w^h{\^ 
the Jennie bucked and Jumped a 
ateep breaking sea. and Stream noted 
with .satisfaction that the schooner 
rode like a duck. 

"She's doln' line. Skip, gence vou 
ballasted her properly." rem.arked hla 
old dory-mate Wilson. "The ol' Jen- 
nie's a different craft altogether. 

It was blowing hard, but the Tesael 
was lying comfortably, and after 
giving Instructions to the two men 
on watch to put the vessel about on 
the other tack at the end of their 
watch, he went below and turned In, 
He did not sleep, however, but lay 
awake listening to the conversation 
of the men hugging the atore In tft« 

"Skipper ah'd be futtia' It to 

3. At what time of day does your family listen regularly over your radio? 

1 ). When I.* the moat convenient time for market reports? 

11. D:) yi)ii take market r.ports down a.x they are read? 

12. Do you listen before noon? ; ,it noon : at 6:00 P. M. 

: «:30 : 7:00 ; 7:30 : soo , 


n. Wou'd you enjoy educational talks by expert.^ on poult iv. live.stock 
and other branches of agriculture? 

14. Would you like to hear current farm news talka about meetings of 
farm organ 'Mtlon,. agrlcullurc devolr.r.mentB, economic trend, etc.? 

15. Would you like to hear a series of talks on marketing of agricultural 
products by nationally prominent men? 

16. Hat other features dealing with agriculture that you would 
like to hear 

17. Do you listen to baseball, football and basket-ball games? 

18. Do you listen to church aerricea on Sundar? 







Juno 29. 1925. 


VeK<'labli>8 (whoUsalc) — BKANS, N C, 
bu liiiii>r. nrffri aiul wax, bi-st, iL'.^ifn -.riil ; 
poor, 5iif ; Aid, Im liiniir, jrivtn jind wax. 
$3^4. lUCIOTS, home Brown, jloz lichs, 40 
ij/oOc. I'AHHAGli, Dliio, .Maiit-Ua ili.slriil 
100-lb crulf, $j ; small slock, J4. CAlt- 
I{<.>TS, lioine t-'rowii, tloz ln-lis, 40(li JOc, 
CJOLKRY, Calif, staiiilanl cratt-, $8.5(i«r*». 
CUCUMUKKS, Dhio, hot house, Ijskl 2 
doz, faiic.v, $2.25(11 2.r.(i; No 1, Jl.iati l.UO . 
N C, bu hiupr, }1.2c>'>i 1.5U ; jtoor siiM.k. 
60c. «.5R1;KN C0K.\, Ala, crate 4 5} 5 doz, 
|2.50fo2.7r. ; bu b^kt, J2 ; L,a. bu b.skt. Jl.:i5 
((M.50. 1J:TTI'CI;, loinl, box 2 doz, leaf, 
hO'ii'.'ov . Wash, Ji ,berB,erate, |7. ON'IONS 
Calif, bu crate. No 1 yellows, $3igo.75; Vn, 
bu hnipr, .\ii 1 yellows, bundle 1 doz behs. 
lBi'(/25e. rAJi.SL,Ky, La, bbl, curly and 
I>I;iin, $1. 1'I;A.S, luajie grown, bu b.skt, 
best, J2.2r.(a2.6ii; poor, Jl. I'Kl'l'KKS. Fla, 
40-ni crate, fancy, Iii3.75r<i4; L.a, }»-bu 
liniiT. $1.7j((i2. I'OTATDK.S. new stuck, 
bbl. Cobblers, Va, No 1, ih.2b<a b.'M ; old 
stock, Maine, 150-lb sack. No 1 Gr Mts, 
$2'a2.25. IIUCIJAUU, lionie urown, bundle 
1 doz bchs, 2U'>i 3oc. SPINACH, home 
Krown, bu byk'/ r<uninier, 60c; winter, IK? 
I.2.'>. TOMAT>ii;.S, 4-b.skt crate, 'Ann, 
|1.75if< 1.85 ; 6-bskt crate, S C, famy, l$4.50; 
choice, $2.50(5 2.75. 

Kriilt*— AFPL,i;S. bbls, N Y. Baldwins, 
I44f7; Uussets. J6a«.2."i; boxes, WaMi. 
medium to larRt' size, extra fajny, Wlne- 
sajis, $2.75''/:',.15 ; famy, $2.5ii'(/ J.'tii ; new 
Btock, liu bskl, Md Tralispareni.s. No 1, 
J3.-5; No 2, J2.5(Kc)2.75. CANTAL" >l|-KS. 
Calif, crate, jumbos, $3,754* 4. io; slanii- 
ards, $3.S0'(i4.25: ponys, $3.i!5@3.5o; Hats, 
11.5041 1.75 ; honey dews, S2.75'i/:i. «'lli:ii- 
RIKSJ, home jtrown, lo-i|t chip bskl, 7.">c?r 
»1. HUCKLKBKKHICS, Pel and X C. 
;'.2-(it crate, best, $v.5'(i>;li; poor, $5. 
J'KACHKS, Ga, 6-bskt crate, HIley Hi lies, 
medium til lartJe. $2.5(113; Bmall, $2.25'*i 
2.50; bu bskt, small, $2 ..i 2.25 ; 6-bskt crate, 
Carmans, meillum to>:«', $1.75''i:."; stnall 
$l.B0«ll.75. U.VSPBKIIKIKS, 32-|l crat.. 
N J, reds, liest, $*.5" ,| ji ; p.Mir M..,k b>v. 
fiK $5. W.\Ti:U.Mi:i.,<i.NS. Fla and Ga, 18 
fti 20 lbs, 25iii30c; 22'';LM ll>s, ;!;.'.i I'lc ; llil'i/ 
l')" IliH, 4'>'!i50e; 3n'<;:'.2 lb>--, &5t( U.'>c each. 


t'lillle — Tleceipla llKht ; market steady. 
Good to choice, $10.&04| li'.75; good. 1300'</ 
14011 111-'. $'.'.li5'>/ l"i.25 ; iM>iIluin.'-. liun'-i 1301' 
lbs, $»''((9.5o: tidy, lo5<".(1150 llis, I'.t.SO"*! 
J0.50 ; fair, yoip';( loOO lb.", $S''/S75; com- 
mon, '»H<iifiW IIp.h, $5 '1/ 11.50 ; eoMimnn to 
good fat bulln. $4«»7.15; common to good 
fat ei'Ws, $1.5i''<i ti.5i' ; hellers. ;f5i/.; , 
fresh eiiws and sprltij:< rs, fSo""! pfi 8.^. 

Hoiro— Ite.eipls. f, doiiM- -d. ' k" ; niarkel 
Fteady; prime heavy. $14. 20fi 14.25 : hea\'y 
mixed. Mediums iuid luaxy yorkt rs, $14.30 
«i 14.35; light yorkers, $13.7i'f.i 14 ; pigs, 
|I2.50*fl3; roUKhs, $|ii.5oli 11.75 ; staps. $t) 

shrrp und I.,iinib<i — Rereiptu light; mar- 
ket stiafly. iTIiiie Weill, r.<. $7if< 7.50 ; gooil 
tijixed, $B.50'(.<7; fair mixed, $5'fifi; culls 
tind common, $2fi4 ; culls to choii'e lanibi>. 
$l20il3; siirlnff lambs. $l1«ili:.50. 

I'ahe* — Receliita licht ; market steady. 
Choice. llUi 11.50; heavy and tliin. $4"(> 


P R R. 4 ears b:iy, " ^\<r> str^i". 2 c;l^^ 
shelled corn, 6 ears oats, 1 ear feed ; B 
and (>, C cars hay, ] car shell, il lein. .- 
fnrs oatM. 

Ilnj— No 1 clover, flR<il!>; .No 1 llcb; 
rlov ir, nnx*(|. $2o(fi 2l ; No 1 heavy ilover. 
tnUed. $18(filP; No 1 clover, mixed, $1k''/ 
l!t; No 1 tliii..thy. $23.5o'./ 1:4 50 ; .\o 1' tlo,- 
f•fh^■, $i;'.50'ii 20.50; standard timothy. $22 

Hiraw — Oats, $14T/I4.."n; rye. 
wheat, $1 411 14.511. 

Yellow Corn — No 3 shelled. 
No 3 sbellfd, $1.19f(1.2o; No 

(lat*— No 2 white, 57'<i5!>c 

Pennsylvania Farmer 

$1.21»il 22; 
2 ear, $1.40 

No r. while. 




2;t, l:c.'- 

Beef Calth —, i;'ii.d t'« eh<.lci. Jl" 
11; fair to eiM.d. $'.i'olii;, K"od to 
eholie. $5.50'-., I'.. 5<i; fair to pood, $l.r>0'.i 
6.50; bologna <iiws, a.s to ((uality, $1.5o''» 
8.75; bulls, good to rholee, f :..50';i ti 7.". : 
fair to good. Jt-SOfi 5.50 ; ealve^, choice. 
$12..''jOigl3 ; fjilr to good. fll'-zU'; common, 

$V1|lli: 'rellll. ■ lioicc. -iMVill , f:iir to (;iiim1. 

17.50^1.1; common. $5'';r,.5n. 

Mieep iiinl l.iinilio — Sli. . p. \c>tl'.!>. . x- 
tra, $7(67.60; fair to good, $5'>itj; com- 
mon. $211 3.5*1 ; ewes. liia\>. t:il. $5'>i 5.51 ; 
lambs. .Maryland, $l4'«17 5ii; \iri;iida. $12 

Jloirst— Westeni. lust. |15'(( Ki.5ii ; n-.^t-- 

Clly llrmned ?*i«iii— si. ■ 1 -, «iS'.. 2.. , 
lieifers, $M(r«lS; cows, ?12'''il4; yearlings', 
top, $22'',/2l; »;oiid, .•!'> il'ii; i:.l»..«. ■ ilv 
dressed, 522"! 21; c<,iiniry dressed. SK^f 
19; sheep, good wethers, $lSff2n; ewes, 
«fi«lig; bogs, $21.7."i'^22 . winter I.m.vI.w. 
i2.S«i2R; ppHiisr Pimbs, Jcliir^n. 

II \y \Mi <.i( \)N 

Oiileil liny anil Mrrw — Ila\. tin otbv. 
No I. noli, ill. il; .\,, 1'. «17.5(|i!( is.50 ; No ;!, 
1B.50'&16.50; light clover-niixed. .Vo 1. 
$18.511^/ I7.aii; No 2, II l.5ie;r 1 .•i.5ii. Strawy. 
straight rye. $17 5ii'»ir IS ; wheat straw, $1i 
©14. .W; oat straw. $14'^14f.o. 

Bran — «'nr lots, infludlnu sacks, ton: 
Winter bran, eltv mills. |:i;t.5nif, pi ; west- 
em spring brnn. $36.,'Oift37, 

Wlirat — R«Tei|pts none; shlpitunis, none. 
Market nomlnnl in absence of spot offcr- 

Cnrn — irnr tots for tr.ide: No 2 

yellow, $1.20ffil.2i ; No 3, $1.18(S)1.19. 

tkiils — Car lots, as to location: No 2 
white, r.Iiir,iB2'/ic; No 3 white, 58i&59c. 


Butter— Receipts, (5717 tubs. Polld-pack- 
ed creamery. In tubs, extras, U2 score, 
42c; higher-scorin;; goods, 43(i/4t)c, the lat- 
ter for small lots; 01 score, 41c; !Mi si'orc, 
40c; 8» scoi,., :i;»,-; ss score, 38i' ; 87 score, 
37c; 8fi .score, :iilc ; packing stock. 25ii28c; 
best i.rints. !i2f(i;«l score, 45«i'17c; cartons, 
Iti'otSc; good prints. .s;i<;;')l score, 41©'43c; 
cartons, 42'ii4-\i-: ordinar.v f.armers' prints. 

Cheeite quiet hut firm. New York whole- 
milk tlats, fresh, 22\i. '11 2'i'AiC ; held, 27>/i(S' 
2Se ; longliorns, round lot.-j, 23''.lfi24r; Job- 
bing, small lots, 25',i©26c; single daisies, 
fresh, 23H.«Ti24c; held, 2«',..©i27c. 

bch; carrots, n^lOc bch ; onions, 4»r/i>c 
boh; soup beans, l.'ic pt ; lima beans. 40c 
cjt ; asparagus, .smac bch; rhubarb, H'o.'ir 
bch; turnips, lor>(,i5c <it ; peas, 25r(i30c >4 
pk ; string beans, 35c % pk. 

FruHs— .Apples, 15T;:i5e 14 pk ; raspber- 
ries, 25ifi:'.5o i|t ; cherries, sweet. 15@20c 
qt ; Sour, loi/nc qt, 

Reliill IJraIn .Market — Wli.jit. $1.75; 
corn, $1.50; rye. $1.15; oats. SOc ; bran. 
$1.00 cwt ; mlildliiiKS. $2.10 cwl. 

Wholesale drain Market — Wheat. fl.60 j 

rn, $1.25; rye, ••."..■; nuts, SOc ; bran, $3S 
middlings, $40 




June 29, 1925. 



35 f( 

ea ; 
ea ; 

Butter and Kggs — Country butter, 
50c ; creamery, 50<>.'54c; fresh eggs. 
38c dozen. 

Uressed I'onltry — Chickens, $iri( i- 
springers, 50cfe$1.5o; squabs, 35(fi45e 
du^'ks. $1.60rii2.25 ea. 

VegetBhies — Asparagus. 12@)18c bch; 
beans, green. 15c >4 pk ; yellow. 25c V« Pk ; 
kidney beans. 15c pt ; soup beans. 13c pt ; 
biets. 5c bch; cabbage. 6fjlOc ea ; car- 
rots. 8c bch ; celery. 104i 25c stalk ; cauli- 
flower. 5ii\oc hd ; cucumbers. 5c ea ; egg- 
plants. 10iti25c ea ; lettuce. 16© 36c hd ; on- 
ions, new. &©'8c bch; parsley. Hi 2c bch: 
peas. 25c Vi pk ; peppers, &c ea ; pot.itoes, 
old. 18c Vi pk; new, :;o''i 2.".c % pk ; rad- 
ishes. 5c l«cb : sonr Id 1 qt ; spinach. 

liic >i pk ; tomatoes, 20c qt. 

Fruits .Vjiples. 2ii(ii hI'c 1, jik ; apricots, 
15c pi; I'lierries, li4/2iic ql ; ciintalou|ie». 


Butter — Creamery, fancy, 44c; do, 
choice. 41©42c; do, good. 39(fi40c; do. 
prOits, 44Ci4<'c; do. blocks. 43(jf45c; do, 
ladles. 34c ; do, Md and Penna, rolls, 32 
'!i.".3e; «toie-packed, 31©32c; Md. Va and 
Penna I'nirv prints, 32@3(°ic; iirocess but- 
ter, 35^&36c. 

Kggj.— .\i;irK. I unsettled. On the Balti- 
more Mutter ami Kgg ICxchange, nearby 
fresh-gathered firsts, 32c. 

I,l»e I'liultrj — (.'bickeiis. olil hens, I'.i 
lbs and over, 281i2!ic; do. medium, 3Hlff4 
lbs, smooth, 26(}i27c; do, smaller to rough 
and poor. 22'*; 23c ; [..eghorns, 22©'2:!c; old 
roosters. 26c ; springers, mixed. 2 lbs and 
over, 46© 48c; do, IViSl-^i lbs, 40©45c; do. 
smaller, 35®38c. Ducks, young, white 
Heklns. .;',2 lbs and over. 27c; <lo, puddles, 
26c ; do. Muscovy and mongrels. 25c ; do, 
old. a<j to quality, 14© 20c. Pigeons, as to 
8i«e. pair, 25©3oc. 

July 4, 1925 

protein. $45,25; linseed oil meal. $50.80, |n 
100-lb sacks. 

Buy ami Straw— Hay, large bolea, tim- 
othy .-ind lir^ht mixed, .\o 1, $25© 2i; ■ ,,, 
2, $23f.(24; No 3, $U»©21; sample, $10-, 17 
Ktiaw, large bales, rye, $17018; oat, $13 

tJraIn— WHKAT, No 2 red, c I f, do.,,. 
Jl.yi'i ; No 1 dark spring, c i f. doniesti., 
$1.6814 ; No 2 hard winter, fob. exiiort 
$l.6(i>4 ; No 1 North Manitoba. In bond' 
f o b. export, $1.78^k ; No 2 mixed durum 
f o b, export. $1.51 U- CORN. No 2 yel- 
low. $l.21i.j; No 3 yellow. $1.20Vi ; No ■• 
mixed. $1.20-,. OATS, No 2 white, 57V c 
No 3 white, 55i,ic; No 4 white. 54'/fec; or- 
dinary white, clipped. 65Vi®57^4c; fancy 
while, cliiiped. fil'.i©«2Uc. RY^K. c I f. ex- 
port. $1.12. B.4R1.KY, malting, c I f. dom 

July 4. 192S 


Cattle-Compare.l wiek ago fed steers 
C0c©ll higher; heavies mostly $1 up; 
values at new high for year so far ; top 
matured steers at $12.f.o. hi»;hest since 
April. i;i24. best light yearlings, $12,49, 
highest since lust April ; moderate suppiv 
all weight above $12.25. Week s bulk prices 
follow; Peef steers, $:».75'f; 11 .85 ; fal cows. 
$5©7.BO; li.-ifers, $7.2.^-; !i.;5 ; c.inneis and 

The Trend of the Markets 

THK figures in the foliowing t.iloe represent the aiiproximate unweighted 
average prices (.f the eommoiiities and gn iles specified. The prices are 
based upon quotations from the market page of Pennsylvaid.i Farmer. 

Butter. 92 score creamery extras (N. T.) 
Kggs, fresh gathered extra tlrsts (N. T.) 
Chickens, broilers iiy express (New York) 

St«ers. good to choice (I.,ancaster) 

Hay. Number 2 timothy baled (Phila.).. 
Wheat. Number 2 red winter (Phila.).. 
Corn. Number 2 yellow (Philadelphia).. 
Oats, Number Z white (I'hiladelphia). . 

Til » Last 



week week 


a JO 

$ .44«, $ .42 

» .43 

$ .4I». 

.36»4 .35 

.3.1 Vi 

.28 Vi 

.32V4 .38 



11.50 10.:i7',i 



18.00 IS. (Ill 



1 72 



1.21H 1.29% 


109 «i 

.62 .01 



131; 1.5c ea ; currants. 15''; 20c qt ; peaches, 
I5c pt ; I'hoos. I.ic |u . i .<s|il>erni's, 2e< qi . 
strawberries. 20© 30c qt 

4<ralnH < prices ~^|i:i id to farmers) — Wheat. 
llTTi? bu ; corn, $1.20 bu ; hay, baled, tim- 
othy. $13'; 14 ton; str.'w, $10©I1 ton. 

Feed!* (selling prices) — Bran, $4a''i41; 
shorts, $43.50© 44.50 ; hominy, $50© 61 ; 
middlings, J4N''';4!'; linseed. $5Ji'i51i; glut- 
en, $49.5O©>50.50 : ground oats, $44© 45; 
cottonseed, 41 per «eiil protein, $52'''I 5:! 
ton, d.iiry feed, 16 p< r cent, $3U©4n: 18 
per cent. 43.5flC<; 44.5<i ; 2" per eint. $45.50'?r 
4*1 ''il ; 24 per cent. $50© 51; 25 per cent, 

$53© 54; horse feeil, v.. p. r • . .ii. ;,:■ 

5ii 5ii t..n. 


Re\iew i>f local m.irkei for Week ending 
.lune 27: l.iight receipts of linisbed arriv- 
als on the Western markets during the 
past week compelled eastern packers to 
box near home, resulting in a sharp ad- 
>,".!■ and livily bidding for our local fed 
cattle. Beef steers, comp.ired with weet: 
.ii-'o, lully $1 higher on good to choice 
^I'.ides with the commoner kinds shoeing 
a 4ii'a50c upturn. Saturdav's market clos- 
ed (Irm with the yards Well cleared. Top 
beef stei ra, $12; Weight, 1100 lbs; severat 
loiiils. $11 75'i; 11.S5 ; bulk of sales, Jlnvi. 
111.75. Bulls steady. b<st kinds showin» 
a stronger tendency. Cows closed wea* 
to 25c lower; bulk. $5.!>0©6.50. Calves. 
closing steady under lii;lit receipts; lo|. 
.•.!.■ IS, $12.50. iiogs inactive, no receipts. 

Receipts for Saturday's market — Cattle, 
». cars; ;'. St L.ouis. 1 Tennessee, 1 Dela- 
ware, 1 I'enna, containing 16a head, 34s 
load trucked in from ncirby. Total, eai- 
lli-. 514 bead. Ricelpts for Week ending 
.lune 27. 1025 — Cattle, 43 lars; 17 l'inn;i, 
V St Ixuis, 5 Virginia, 2 Ohio. 1 Chicago, 
I K.ii.-Ms Cli\, 1 St Paul, 1 West Virginia. 
1 lielauare, 1 Tennessi'e, containing 1081 
incki li In. Tot:ii, ■ .ittli , 

cuttera, $3.15©4.15; veal calves. $10(31!. 
stockers and feeders. $5.60© 7.60. 

Blip* — Receipts. 4oiio head ; trading con- 
fined .tlmost entirely to desirable grades 
■inil shippinir accounts; market generally 
■trong to 16c higher; top, $13.80; best :i:ii 

'';ii5-ll> average, $13.30»i 13.«ii ; most 18011 
210-lb kind, $13.65© 13.75; $13.80 paid for 
■elected 210-lb averages. 

Sheep — Compared with week ago, fat 
lambs and yearlings, 75c and $1 hi>:l,<i . 
cull n:itl\e mostly $1 uji ; fat sheep, 75c-.( 
$1.25 higher. Bulk prices follow : 
lambs. $15.75iS 17.10 ; cull natives. $10.50(3' 
11.50; yearling wethers, $12.50(5 i;i. 50 ; f;it 
ewes, $('.50';i 7.50 ; top for week, r.iiige 
lambs. $17.10; n;itives. $16.65; fat ewes, 
$8; feeding lambs. $14.15. 


crcmieri . 
42',2C; do. 


June 2'.'. 1925 

firm ; rcueipts, 

higher than 
extras. 92 score 
SS'«;HI score. 3:i>j 
current make. No 2 

15.268 tubs ; 
extras. 41"4'>; 

4l©4l'2c; o.. 
iillc; packing: 

Iliad. lii:iii lu.iil 11 
> . ! I II' ail . k-nl\ «-s. 

steels: — 
Good to choice . . . . 

I''alr I . t 1 

.•h illllai (" tail . . . 
CoMC on l<» ^llediuil 
I ii« »;-- • 

i; I !■. ■ 'i .i. e . 

Fair to good 

and cuitirs 


I alte>: — 

1 i I lo ■ I.'IC... 

.M- (llUMl 


lloKs: — 
Heavy weii:hl8. 200-2.'>o llis.. 
.\l' •lIuiiHvi IkIiIs. 1511-21*0 lbs. 
Lightweights. I.'i0-2(i0 lbs... 
Rough stock 

. lil.llll'i 11.00 

II.'IIC'I iM.llf. 

7.5"^/ I'.d" 

. . <.r.(i©o.5o 

. . 1.5ii'»i .'..00 

II 7.. 'I 12 5.1 

11.011''; 11.76 

4.110© 11. 09 

l.'..25l; Il.iMi 
13.00© l:;..')0 
1 1. 25 i-u 13.1111 


Eggs— 3203fic per dogeti. 

i-".i.i..> Hells, ,,'.. 2o«i25c; dresiied. 
old, $1©2; springers. t'5c^$i each. 

Batirr — Countr}', 5"'.; 55c; separator, 50 
©SOc lb. 

Vegetables — Potatoes. 10@20c H pk; 
laliliage, mw, 5©],5e hd ; lettuce, 10(&20c 

hd; celery, 5%15c eUOk , tomatoes, 5 t; ion ,. , _ 

t.i ; oyster roots, 5© luc Ix*; parsnips. 5c lb M<!ks'; cottonaead' ineaC 3« "per 

Kggs irregular; ret ipts. 21,728 cas^; 
fre.-'l, gathered firsts, ::5',ii''f; 37c ; do. firsts. 
32 'j'li 33'2i' ; ilo. secoiids, ;il*;:i2c; iiearb.v 
hennery whites, closely selected 
461; 47c ; nearby and liearin western hen- 
nery whit-s. firsts to average extras. 381? 
45c; nearliy In nmry browns, extras, 41''; 
45c; PaciCc Coast whites, extras, 44'*;46ci 
d'., extra firsts, 41 ©13c. 

Cheese lianly steady ; receipts. I!i2,217 
pounds; state, whole milk, tials, fresii. 
fancy to fancy specials. 22''; 24c; do, aver- 
ige run, .'l';,c; stale, whol.. milk llals. 
held, fanc.v to fancy special),. 2'i'i© 27'i;C ; 
Ilo. aver.iMP run. 2.5'i''; 2fi',ic. 

Live I'liultry quiet ; i.r..,,.rs. by frelKhi. 
3ii''(:!2c; do. by e.xpri.'s. im ,uoted ; hen- 
horns, by • xpress. I'Ji-iiSSc; fowls, by 
freight. 251; 27i'; do. by expli'ss, 24'.i2"i . 
roosters, by freight. l:!i-. 

I>re««eil I'oiillry sii.nlv to lirni ; chick- 
ens, fresh. 32'!(44(:; froz'-n. 251; 43c; fowl.", 
21'''i :.;;i. ; old rooKi>rs. Ifiillic; tiirkev.*. 
froxeii, :aifi iii,'. 


rattle— Receipts. KiCii head; steady. 

•■^ is. 'i ' >■■; I l.;.i ; stale I'lills, $3©5.Uo; 

rows, JI2.2S©6. 

« sin* l" ,;vt*, tin lu.iil. Bru. V..ilt,. 
eniniiion to prime, 18© 13.50; culls and Ut- 
ile cihes, (<"i'; bult'i iiiilk caU.s, ;ii5. 
fed eal\es, $5© 7. 

Mieep mill l.anibK — Receipts, 6450 head; 
Stea'l.v III til 111. ,sh,,, p, $n'';7; cnlls, $2'i;:'. 
lambs, nii'llum to choice southern. $16i3 
IT.5I1; 'iills. $12. 

Hon* — i:....l!.i«. nio head; »lea(l> , 
LielH to me'iiimj weights. |1.1©13.4n; pigs. 
$12.75'!; l:! ; heavy hoKs, ¥I"...5o*; 14 ; roughs, 
$11© 11,50. 


Feed— ijiioi. III.. n.s w.iv as follows (first 
half .lul.v shipment); t'ity bran. $34.50; 
miildlini!. f:!7.5o, in loo-lh sacks; red dog, 
J48.50, nominal, in I00-I1» sacks; weatern 
Bpring bran, prompt shipment, $33.85® 
36.10; standard middling. $35.85© 38,10 . 
flour, middling, $44.50''; 45.50 ; red dog. spot 
$4>©50, all In 100-lb sacks, all-rail and 
lake-and-rall shipments; rye middling. 
fSfi ; Hhite hominy feed. $43.60. all In 100- 



The prices below are for prompt ship- 
ments based on payment on arrival of 
cars as quoted by the Philadelphia job- 
bing trade to retail feed dealers on Mon- 
day, June 29. Quotations cover solid car- 
lots for delivery at I'hiladelphia or Scran- 
ton rate points. 

Pure spring bran 33.00©35,5n 

Spring bran 32.5of'i :!;; i,. 

Soft winter wheat bran 3«.00®38.00 

Hard winter wheat bran ;j5.,.ii 

Standard middlings 34.501; 3i;.m.. 

Soft winter wheat middlings.. 39.50© 43. i"t 

Flour middlings 41.00© 44. iii< 

Red dog Hour 49.00@49.5ii 

White hominy 43.501; 45. ;.'■ 

Yelow hominy 43.50© 45..'" 

36 per cent cottonseed meal.. 46.00© 46.50 
41 per cent cottonseed meal.. 49.5i' 

43 per cent cottonseed meal.. 61.0li 

34 per cent linseed meal 61. 75® 52.2" 

For Baltimore, Cumberland and WjI- 
llamsport rate poinis, subtract 20c per 
ton (for cottonseed meal 40c per ton;; 
lor New York. Newark rate points, adii 
40c per ton (for cottonseed meal 60c per 
ton) ; for Woodbury, Bridgcton ratr 
pcints, add ll.nii p.r ton; for Freeh. .1.: 
Toms River, Cape -May rate points, ad'i 
$1.40 per ton. 

Demand slow. Supplies heavier but inar- 
Ki I lirmer at le.'in il.. lines. 


Boston. June 26. 1925, 
Domestic: Ohio and i'eniia lieeces — De- 
l.iiio . iiiiHasbeil. 5.''i<56c; V.j-blood comb- 
ing. 54c; iS|-blood. combing. 53© 54c; line 
Uiuv.i.-lud. 4.'"isi-. .Miihisaii and .\c« 
Voik lleece.s — lii'laine. unwashed, 62© 53c. 
-/k-blood, combing, 60 @ 61c ; %-blood. 
combing, 52'i/.>3e; (.t-bloud, combing. 5ii i 
ale; line, unwashed. 44©'45c; Wisconsin, 
.Mi'-'uii :iiiil a\er:i;e .\, w ICngland. '• 
blood, 48&49c; fs-blood, DOc; H-blood', 


Toledo, Ohio. June 27, 1925. 
Clover Seed. c:i«h. $16.50 ; October, 
$14.70; December, $14.25. Alsike. August. 
$14.50. Timothy, cash. $:;.7o ; .Septembct. 

Philadelphia Market 

rp HE Philadelphia i)otalo niaikei 
1 slHjiipcd -Fi-iiiay and prfcets <lc- 
ciiiied. The <Ieiiian<l was very slow 
and many offpring.s rcniaint-d uiisiolii 
Peaches wtre « lower while wai- 
ermilons were slightly stronger. To- 
matoes were in moderate demaml. 
Mississippi and Tennt^see stock wa> | 
weaker while the best South Caro- 
lina stock sold at higher prices. 
Nearby asp.tragtis was scarce and 
liigher while iieun.x were weaker 
New .Jersey luets, carrots and cab- 
bage were stronger. 

We.stern Icelieig lettuce was scare? 
on the Philadelphia market aipl 
prices are nnn.siinlly high. Most of 
this stock Is from Wa-'shington ami 
California, where the cool nightsi 
and warm d.ny.s are favorable to the 
growing of fancy Iceheig, Tliere \^ n 
plentiful supply of Pennsylvania anrt ] 
New .leisey stixk on the inaiket. Al- 
tho this liome-grown lettuce is of 
good fiiialily, the lieniLs are less com- 
pact and housewive.s prefer the cri^p 
Solid heads of western stock. Ai 
present the California .nnd Wa^hinK- 
lon lettuce Is bringing 6(f?8c moif 
per head on the wholesale market 
than X< w' .1' is: y and Pennsylvai.ia 
stock. — W. R. W. 

N. Y. Butter Market 

1^ RBSSURE to sell the repult of I 
continued liberal receipts* whicl 
wei'i' not being cleared, reynlied i;ia| 
Ic di cline on top scores on the N(* 
York butter market. Trading I 
only fair a.-* bii.vers were inclined to 
test market further. Market lulel 
steady with most dealers dlspoi»ed to 
ibe free sellers, but not pushing m)>*\ 
or offering concessions. Medium ai'4 
undei'grades steady wlih supplies not i 
heavy. Mo.-*t centralized cars on mar- 
ket are high and cannot be sold | 
at present prlceis. 

Pennsylvania Farmer 

County News and Comment 

Canibrta Connty, Pa. — Very dry weatli- 
ir for more than a month broken occa- 
sioiially by .luddcn. severe wind and elee- 
trical storms, only a few mil>?s in widtn. 
la.siing often only a few minutes and giv- 
ing little relief. Alsike clover came Into 
liloom at six inches In height and Is now 
Irown. r.iHlures as dry and brown as In 
August. Timothy heading out at half 
u.sual length and thin. A large amount 
I of old hay on hand. During April It wa.n 
offered as low as $10 per ton in the barn 
with few utiles. Oats on high grouna 
brown .at the tips and very short. Corn 
appears to be doing well, but is about two 
Weeks late. B'ruit of all kinds, including 
gr.-ipes. currants and gooseberries, mostly 
killed by May frosts. Late cabbage plants 
small and scarce. Acreage of potatoes 
larger than at any time since the war. 
Commercial growers planted about tlie 
I usual acre.tge but miners and mill men 
lout of work or on short time plantea 
J large quantities. The county was literally 
■ swept clear of .seed potatoes. Cambria 
[County Pomona tJrange met at Wilmore 
I on the 20th with good attendance. Farm 
I butter prices at stores, 35c. at retail. 49 
1 6 1.5c ; eggs. 40c; live chickens. SOc lb.; 
I strawberries, 25c i)t,, mostly undersized 
I but quality very good. Seed buckwheat, 
I $1.50 bu. and scarce; wheat. $1.75; oats, 
ISOc. A KOO<1 supply of \-egetables at moa- 
erale prices with prospects of a large 
kupply and a greatly dindnished purchas- 
jlng power. — S.. June 22. 

I Cameroa Coaaly, Pa^^^rops not com- 
ling on very good as rain Is lacking In 
I some parts of county. Have had some 
lawful electrical storms go around us. 
Apple crop will not amount to any- 
thing, and there will be a small crop of 
the smaller trults. Farmers are busy now 
putting in buckwheat. Oats won't amount 
to much unless we get some rain. WorK 
on the state Is starting up and we 
. expect to get aeven miles macadamed on 
Route 105. that is, from Sinnamahonlng 
to Huntley. There is also a hard surface 
I being put on the road between Kmporium 
and SiservUle, and they are crowding the 
work on the new road from St. Marys t« 
Kmporium. tn a year more we will have 
, Improved roada thru our county. There 
are some detours to travel that are not 
very good, but It won't be for very long. 
Bricea of all grains at the mill are high. 
Butter, SOc; eggs. 3i»li35c; Hour, $3.60 per 
sack.— Q. K. T. June 23. 

Cape -May Coaaly, >. J. — Continued dry 
weather caii.-ied small crop of strawber- 
, rieb. and |>e>is are practfcally a failure. 
All other t^upa suffering, tjulte a few 
I farmers are preparing to spray canta- 
I loupes with Bon'eaux mixture. l,ate to- 
I matoes will proliaiily be much later th.m 
Icommon — the men who plan to grow for 
llhe ranhousi-.s .ir,-; waitin;; for rain so they 
lean pull .-iod .^.-t the plants. Tuberculin 
Itesting of outUe Is being continued. Sev- 
leral new h»rda hn • been tested und ciuite 
la few cattle condemned. The poultryinen 
I of the county held a dogi;io roast and get- 
I together .iieeting on ihe lirst Thursday of 
I Ihe month under the auspices of the poul- 
[try association. .Several men from the 
county attended I'.irmers' Day at New 
Brunswick. Poultry specialist In the coun- 
ty on June 23 to visit poultrymen. Talk Is 
being started for a county exhibit of 
I imultry. vegetables and fruit. County 
I library will be opened on July 1st. U- 
jl.rarian now busy getting books, etc., 
ready. TliLs will be a big help to the 
rural cominnniUes when It gets In opera- 
J tlon. as there are many which do not 
I have access t^ any libraries. — 8, W. S.. 
1 June 23. 

of the plants are dead. They coM from 
.Sue to 40c per quart on the market. Eggs 
'?^'>, -®^ • ''""<''■• SOc ; pastry flour. $1.30Ti) 
1.50 per half sack. Winter wheat looks 
nne .md we hope not to biiv flour always 
Early crops fair, but late planted seeds 
keep as well in the bone-dry soil as In 
packages.— K. M. A., June 22. 

Chester Connty, Pa.— June has been 
noted for extreme hot. cold and dry 
weather. Karly potatoes ar- suffering 
greatly on .account of the dry weather 
especially the seed that was not certified, 
certified seed and sprayed fields are In 
far better shape. The first cutting of al- 
r.alfa very good and harvested in fine 
shape. Timothy looks fair, but many 
farmers are pasturing it instead of mow- 
ing. Wheat Is ripening very fast and 
promises a good yield. Oats look the least 
profitable of the season's crops due to 
the hot, dry weather. Corn has a good 
stand In spite of the poor seed prospect. 
Cherries are very plentiful but are of a 
poor quality. Autumn fiowers are bloom- 
ing with the summer flowers. Some gar- 
den vegetables are at a standstill. Straw- 
berry crops were failures. Several" of the 
byroads thruout the county are being re- 
surfaced.— F. H. O.. June 26. 

«i)?„"i"""'i*u*'°""*^' J"*— farm work well 
along and hay making now In progress. 
Wry weather has seriously shortened the 
nay crop, no rain having fallen in some 
sections in several weeks. A splendid 
rain came last night and everything Is 
much improved. Good demand for cattle, 
both grades and purebreds, especially 
Guernseys. The Holatein breeders held 
their annual outing some weeks ago with 
^i„*?°* time had by all. The Guernsey 
picnic and field day was held Wednesday 

T'""Du:n. "^ 'V^ '''■°*'' •■»tt"n'led and M. 
1. fnllllps, of Pomeroy. Pa., gave a very 
Interesting address. Market prices about 
as usual.— J. H. I., June 25. 

Baaphln Coanty. Pa.— Weather very 
w.arm. Crops are much in need of rain 
Indications are that the principal fruit 
crops win be below normal because of late 
frosts. The peach and apple ero-is sufi'er 
most severely. The yield of field crops is 
expected to be better than last year. Con- 
dition of corn Improving, many are cul- 
tl\ating the second or third time. Oats 
crop promises to be near norinil Pastur- 
age conditions poorer than last month be- 
cause of Intense heat and lack of rain. 
>lllk production, however, is good. Har 
$14: ^.heat. $1.70; corn, $1.30; oaU, (.3c, 
butter. 55c: eggs, 3^c.—J. p. m.. .jun^ ..(> 

«<*»v*(, iM9M|B*rt— -«■♦ .tMm 

Carroll Cuaiil), Md*— Weather continues 
not and dry .N'o njn of any consequence 

I has fallen in my li.jine district for about 

la month. .Some of the outlying portions 

[of the county have had refre.ihlng show- 
ers but the biKRcr part of the county Is In 

I ?*•','' °' I.*'" Orass and vegetables suf- 
fering. The yield of early potatoes has 
teen reduced to a great extent. I'astures 
'n very poor condition, grass turning 
orown and drying up. Corn looking good 
•nd growing nicely and is a very good 
Mami, In t;ict, almost too heavy for dry 

[Weather. Iliiyniaking nnd barley harvest 
na\e been m full swing the i>ast week. 

I nAV.i ''»'■*<'»» a»'t>ut over an.l a good 
Cm 1 !^ "■■'" *>='» *»"<••> threshed out 

I with yleld»runnlng from 40 to 44 bushels 

I Lon ".K*""- .™"' '« " »""•'>■ "feat hay sea- 

^.r t '^'^ """ ""'' ''•■>■ weather with a 

curing »"■«•♦'*? ifirly every day make good 

n?„i *L weather and the grass can be 

r7,,t " '"<>«"»>">« and stored away In 

uam^K- '"'*'"^ '» » K°«xl •^'•"P of fair 

on Vh^» ^i "' course, clover was burnt 

l?"."l"' .*"»• Wheat harvest will start 

Inin lhi""w ,*^*-'' suffering from lack of 

^'n. Z^"^ ''. "'"" affecting late cherries 

i L J?"P*'«'T'<"a, Prices on farm proa- 

"ill, k^nt •"'V"""'"' ■ '"f"' 27'R2Sc; spring 

I i,1^'«*^= '^'"■"- Jfif'fi-so bbl.— H. r. 

I hn^d"!'/!!??"*.?"""'*' '^^ ^— ^'^ <»'>«">« I' 

•vHleH^-^"*" *•"* V^-terday I should have 

I n,o, «?.., "'""" '*''"' the heat The ther- 

Uh' it U*?* *'^" «'>"^" """ty 'n Ihe 

te'iint' '*°f'* *'*'"^ '^'••a''' to *o«-k their 

"Till- Jl ."** ««"*-nsely high temperature, 
de iV^?'?''*'^ ^ ''■''•^ to *■<-'•'< :n the gar- 
mon«»i.* !!.*■ "*''""'y frozen. The ther- 
h- f. m '•'T»"»«"-» flfty-four and Is rapKi- 

er fr^^ . J*^^ ^^ ^""^ getting a nbe show- 
l»ris, J. t^***^ *""*' '" w«>Pk8 Kven the 
lav ih^j^ '*'*''"* '*■'»" ''>■'"'? an'' •• *'" 
IK w^ J""^ which is nearly suffocating 
l( .,Ih .J***. "*"■ ""• strawberries June 
"Id they hid fair to be the last— many 

Jefferson Connty. Pa.— June has been 
\ery hot and dry. with only a few locat 
showers. This afternoon the drought 
seems to h;.ve been broken with a good 
stH:,dy rain. Hay has suff. rel f„r want 
of moisture. Some hay beins cut fields 
of alsike .are very short. a very 
fair (TOP with prosiMK-ts of h.-lng well 
filled. Because of the good condition of the 
.seed bed. moisture enough has been re- 
tained to keep the oats in a (louri.shing 
condition. Com is growing well .md but 
few fields had to be replanted. In gen- 
eral potatoes are a good stand and spray. 
Ing has been started. ground 
almost all plowed. Some buckwheat 
sowed. The usual acreage being seedea, 
TTie heavy frosts in May destroyed much 
of the frtilt. Some orchards have onlv n. 
few late apples left. Young farmers ween 
at Stiite College was well attended from 
our county. The first cow testing iss.M-la- 
tlon In Jefferson County was organized 
this month with a start-off of .about thir- 
ty-two members. High towers with bea- 
con lights have been established along the 
New York-Chicago air mail line and night 
Myinu has been started. Butler prices 
ranwe fr.mi 3.",o to 50c ; eggs, ?.(ic • oats 
7nc ; imtatoes. $1; hay. $15(ri20— p m' 
June 22. " ■' 

Monroe Connty, Pa_Hea\-y thunder- 
showers visited parts of our county the 
week beginning June 14th. The hay crop 
which was expected to be .a big ,,rie i« al- 
niost ruined by the drought of the past 
noiah. Nearly all crops suffering in sev- 
eral of the townships, especially ll.uiiil- 
ton where no ra(n fell for over a month 
Corn Is looking well ; oats short, .^^tr.iw- 
brrnes scarce, selling at SOc r ••all. Pets 
a floor crop at 20c per qt. ; eg;rs, 30c ; 
poultry, 30c: fresh cows frmii $.',(i(fi inn. 
Clover crop and meadow hay Is being 
nia'Je .\ rurb market opened in .-itrnud*- 
tiirg and Fast Stroudsburg. June 13, with 
sucfcss to I uyer and seller. The 1 enion;. 
Grange met at McMlchaels on S.itiirdir. 
June 20. w ith a gm. I program. 'ie'Tlea of 
all \ari(tie8 .a half i rop. Apple crop Ucht 
?*o cheirles In larg^ nuantitieu. v. rv 

^nsiiaebanna Connlyr Pa.— Very dry 

weather for a , oujile nf weeks, .^'.l^y 
farm^'s w< n't forget our shower ..'ine I'ili, 
.•>.• oin;..^nled by bill stonis large ..<i b, rV; 
eggs which did great damage to gardens, 
fences and buildings, but pcntrated the 
groiiiid only one-h uf Inch. If we ..'i n t 
tet r.iin p ion it will be Inipossibl" to get 
piowlne done for buckwheat The eaily 
plowing that was well harrowed and 
rolled has held moisture and crops are 
doing nicely. Nearly all fruits were struck 
by heavy frf>8t8. New seedlngs looking 
good but old meadow land is hardly worth 
cutting, slni-e the intense bent dryed the 
moisture that was stored In ground. Pas- 
tures, too. are getting short and In some 
places water is getting low. Pigs high in 
price and very scarce. Poultry that sur- 
vived the cold, wet May are ^olng nicely 
now. Potatoes. 65c : eggs, 31c. — J A O 
June 20. 

Warren Connty, Pa,— Frequent showera 

weeks ftr^'^H^ weather the last three 
hui i!"i„ S " '"'^ "°' """"^ "P very well 
!.^„ 1... ""'""^ «"°^- I'otatoes are in good 
condition and bugs getting an early start 

l^'good 'rrL^^f "''^"'"^ ""' •■^"" '"""^ I'Ke 
Lt .r:^,°^- ^'"^^'^ "°P Will be very light 
but apples are about half. Most alfalfa 

verv '^:,"h'"U°'" '*"' "'■'" ""•'' ""'1 '<■ ^"^" 
)Z\fJ^- *^'"^'"" '"^n'' timothy look like 
1^,, tons to acre. Lambs selling at 12c It, 

^ffto !- MT;rTe!;ed*raVe '^^oJ'^J /^ ' 

ord."r"'of^"th"'^* »'"r"-'^y "'•■'k'n*f is the 
order of .the day just now, with whei. 
harvest clo,se at hand. H.ay win ,.e „ 

S^' """. ^K°P- u*'°^* °' the fields had a 
good set. but the grass did not reach the 

croi^' .^'^''*- '^^*"'" promises .a goon 
m?^; "'««"•'*«' Is tall With long, weM- 
niled heads. Harvest will be about .. 

oTf^ r Jr" •'">■« ^'^rlier than last ylar 
Oats looking well and with a few goort 
noi^? ""^"t to be a good yield. CoTn a^ 
potatoes growing very rapidly but a gZ 
i^in would help them. Certain sections of 
the county were visited by severe sto^t^s 
dur np the past month. On June 8 Se 
southern part of the county was vlslten 
^y,'^, storm that did much damage Man? 

r^d8"a^ndTeM.^K''^., "«"'"'"« •'"^ ™ 
roaus and fields badly washed by the ac- 

«™n"'i;fd"n':?-.^^'"° °" -"""^ 9 the lame 
This storm «,o"°*''*'" ""y "^^vy storm, 
did m.^^K .*^" «<^<^o"'Panled by hall that 
did much damage to roads and fields On 

a"Si;'*torm'''^r?' ^""-V"^ '«='""> h^S 
11 2n^ it, • .^t^'oes : wheat, $1.65 ; con,, 
w^fghf oM h^-' ^^- '"^^I'SO II?; 

Penn State Field Day 

(Continued from page 3) 
624.6; 12, Mercer, 622.3; 13. Jeffer- 
son. 606.5; 14, Liebanon. 605 8- 15 
Centre. 602.6; 16. Perry. 6015- 17" 
Clarion, 599.9; 18, Wayne. 587 7' 
19. Bucka, 571.4; 20. Westmoreland' 
558.3; 21. Cumberland. 551.1- 22' 
Tioga. 518.2; 23, Indiana, 517 3- 24' 
Lawrence, 506.2; 25. Mifflin, 482 5'' 

464 s'"^'^^*"""' *'^*'^'- "• ^'•""'t'-W. 
Kenneth Bender. Columbia. 

2. Stewart McCready. Beaver. 

3. Paul Fiealcr. Erie. 264.2- 
4, Jacob Smith, Lebanon. 261.5; 5' 
Franklin Radel. Dauphin. 260.5.' 

Vocational Dairy Judging Score 
1, August \Val(ibufs."pr. Chester, 


280.6; 2, Robert Robinson, Bradford. 
258.1; 3, Paul Knowlden. Bradfor'. 
252.2; 4, Howard Williams. Brad- 
ford, 250.0. 

General Livestock Judging Contest 

1. Columbia. 1050.2; 2. Westmore- 
land. 1040.5; :J. Cumberland. 1029.9 
4, Adams. 1019.7; 5. Erie. 1015.8 
6. Fayftto. 1015.3; 7. Morce.r, 981.2 ' 
8. Perry. 973.3; 9. Bradford, 973.4- 
10. Cambria. 952.9; u. Clarion'. 

1. Arthur Pherrin. Brie. 364.9; 2. 
Loyal Marquis, Wa-^hington. 

3. Lester I)e Bolt. Fayette. 363.3; 

4. Lawrence Savage. Columbia 
360.7; 5. William Boffenmyer, Cum- 
berland, ;i59.i. 

Adult Judging Contest 
The highest scores made in judg- 
ing the various breed.s in the conte: 1 
for men and women were as fol 
lows: Guernseys. I. A. Cassel. Hai 
leyvllle. Pa.. 97.5 points; Jersev 
Mable R. Briggs. Yardley. Pa., 97 :. 
points; HoLsteins. O. j. Braunfl. 
Towanda. Pa., 98.5 points; Ay 
ahires. Lehman Zeager, BllzabetJi- 
town. Pa.. 95.5 points. — r. L. W. 



Phila. Butter Market 

P URTHKR wealtness develop. . I 
1 Friday after advices from oui - 
side markets and declines were reg- 
istered on all Hcores of butter on tli. 
Philadelphia market. Trading show 
ed a slight improvement at the nev. 
level. Demand from regular chi:ii 
nels was fair. Considerable IrreRu 
larlty in sentiment regarding stori . 
still noticeable. .Sonio operators p . 
ferring to move goods even at slip hi 
conce.-;sions while others willing ic 
take on stock to average down c.*i 
of goods already away. Undergrade 
moving rather .slowly but supplier 
not burden.-^ome. 

League Farmers in New York 

by the acquisition of three ilistribut 
Ing busint«ses. which has added 
about I'l.OOO cans of the highest typo 
of fluid trade and made possible the 
elimination of the A-seociation's man- 
ufacturing buslncffi. During the year 
the League built twelve new country 
plants and purchased forty-seven. 
There are now 225 plants either leas- 
ed or owned by the A.ssociation. 

Emphasis was laid by fhe Cooper- 
ative Association offlcials upon the 
competitive returns of milk to Asso- 
ciation members and to those oper- 
ating outside of the pool.-*, as well as* 
upon th< effect which the organiza- 
tion ha.i had upon raising the genei- 
al level of net returns on milk to all 
dairymen thruout the eastern terri- 
tory. The quick assets of the 
clatlon at present amount to $5,648.- 
906.25 or approximately for!y-fivo 
per cent of the face value of total 
certificates outstanding. The retire- 
ment of over $1,700,000 worth of 
certificates during the last year was 

The manufacturing of case goods 

.,,1.- .jCi il j,n..uii. t in.ii._jj I iliiiljirtleii 

and much of the milk previously used 
for that purpose is now under the 
New York Board of Health require- 
ment:' and ayalKible to meet the fluid 
milk trade. 

Prominent Banker on Program 

One of the principal speakers was 
Francis! H. Slsson. vice president of 
the Guaranty Trust Company, of 
New York City, -which ha.s function- 
ed in the financing of League opera- 
tions. He dwelt upon the friendly 
relations now existing between busi- 
ness organizations of farmers and 
bankers and said: 

"Farmers must not tklak that 

(Continued from page 3 ( 

Wall Street does not appreciate that 
it prosper.-^ only as the country proh- 
Ptrs, and tlie country prospers on I. 
as the farmer prospers. The real W; . 
Strfet is always eager to help ou- 
and cooperate with the f.irnu.,-. q,. 
as the farmers are adequately re 
warded for iheii- pro<lucis i.i our n. 
tion going to prosper." 

John D. Miller, of Pennsylvania 
vice president and gen. ral counsel < .' 
the Association, and president of th 
National Cooperative Milk Producer^ 
Association, received a wonderful 
ovation at the time of delivering hi- 
address. Mr. Miller reviewed th' 
progress which organized dairymen 
have made in securing favorable na 
tional legislation. "Crwperators." h 
said, "ask no special privileges. AH 
they ask i.s the same treaiment tha 
Is given to other Industries by the 
national govirnment." 

Result of Director Elections 

The following n: w .Im- ctors wei- 
elect, d for three years: N.-Lsoti Harp 
er. Darien Centre. N. Y.; Fred Utter 
Friendship. N. Y., and L. A. Chaaln" 
Bangor. N. Y. 

Other directors reelected are: A. L 
Wilk-s Sussex. N. J.; A. C. Beards 
Iry. New Berlin, N. Y.; J. A. Caulton 
Bellevill. , N. Y., and John S. Pettevr 
Greenwirh, N. Y. The directore "i- 
the-se districts were the only one 
subject to election this year. 

The prize of $100 wa.-; awarded I-. 
Miss Elizabeth Thompson, of Hoi 
land Patent. N. Y.. for her essay on 
"How the League Helps the Farmer." 
A discussion on the women's part i'. 
the cooperative marketing move- 
ment was led by Mrs. Ruby Gree 
Smith, secretary of the New Yorlv 
State Federation of Homo Burtnus.- 
W. H. Bullock. 


Pennsgltfamia Farmer 

Jair 4, iSSSf July 4. 1925 

Laval Floating Bo^ 

The greatest cream seiiaratMr 
improTencat in 25 years 

NOT since the De Laval Split^Wing Bowl waa introduopd in 
1900 haa there boon such a vital creajn separator improve- 
ment efTeeted as the "Floating Bowl" on the present 
De lAval Separator, 

This wonderful bowl Tirtually "floats" on the top of a round- 
headed f pjndlc, havmg do h»»d mntart with anv part. It finds 
xtfi own balance wljcn separating sjxTd is attained, runs witliout 
vibration and with much less friction — thereby accomphdiing 
closer separation, maximum case of running and greater dura- 
bility of the drivmK mroliniiism. 

\\ith several hundrrd tlifiuRand of the!»e machines in use, the 
verdict from agents and ukts alike i?: "The best maehine that 
De Laval ever made" — and that is equivalent to saying, "The 
world's best cream separator, " 

New De Lavals sold on easy monthly payments. See your 
De Laval Agent or write nenrcpt office be"low. 

The De Laval Separator CoimMny 

New Tork Chlcaso San FrmoUoa 

l»f Broadway *eo Jaekcon Blvd. ftx Bm1« St. 

Get All theDirt 
out of the MilK 

— and do it Easily 



I>aat "nniM and fuai~ with dirty milk dotte 
or the dogeed screeo of an ordina^ (trainer, 
U«e the iB«thod rpcommctided by the U. S. 
GoTWTUDent— stTtliiinf thru •tCTUlMHl cotton 
OiBCB — and get AXL, the dirt and acdimeDt. no 
fnatter hoir fine. It isthponly wayyoacan be I 
laaUy sure ol gettinc CLEAN UlLK. 
Read the letter at the right— fj-pical of 
nundreda more written by entbusiaatio 

ilSMS of—* 

•• — 


Pmirv Cattoa 
Diera are made in 
any nize from V/i 
la. te 7 in. dlaa., 
for all makes «■} 
Mrainc-s or Altera. 
Head (or ■ (rial 

A]«» m d and end.irwd by World'a lart)«t 
iBilk priwJijcorn, dairiig nnd cnndenrariea. 
rtmn M,lk bri«g» Mgirer profiia. Don't 
eiicat yuurwU by aeUing nuilr that is only 
paruujiy clcsn. 

Sep :,-r>ur dealer today nbout a Purity Strainer. If he can't 
iijpply you write ua for literature and prieea, civitic yom- 
OLalcr'aname •-'-• =•■ ■ ^■•- "^ 

I>r|rt. B 

Ask for now illustrated folder. 

Purity Stamping Company 

Battle Oeek. Ml*, 

Brings Any Size 

\ ,^meticaft 

,« rv New, Low. Eaty-Ha.v-PlaD, 

30 D-.l V8 Full year to pay. 

Trial ! Unmatched for ikimming, 
t'lisy turning and cleaning. 
Oli trptflan t t ka n ia aickaaf* 
Sliip(*e«i from stock nearest you ' 
Wiiie lor fict catmlmt ami law prictM. 
Bo« 2S-A Balateldgc. N. V 

Invest in aa En^ish Shepherd Pap 

'I .M'Ulif iliv llial »ul - "li n< III" I I,. (Jrit and 
■ iinl: Mitii .iMi.j, «> I., .iiiv... »t II,.- l.<i, all kiiidn 
• -1 ' W W. WORTOW. Ogdtntburg. U. V. 


p. 1 GAULT, 



l:iii<i. nipd Tan iiv terrier. 18 mo. 
old. KiUdit 4^ Ux.. w<4l BurlMd. 

J'Ui I H« it^r I'hi- . Vitr^tim^ Kana 
rkiM-d. T\MJ t^.ii) tin ill )<ni\'aL 


PEDIGREED COLLIE PUPS— Tb* taaO—at and la- 

IfUftM kinil. Alw, Fox Terrliri. 

-.OIKOON KENMELS. Box No. «7, •rawCI^Pa. 

COLLIE FUHS ai..l ^•I^,,^„ ,' {'.III. il to 
o I>. fi.iii a. I C. K. _ „ .., „,„„. 

PEDiCKCED CSLLIC PUP»^ X.awU'ul. iaeUtaaot^ 
K'iil qusliii. fui*rlor hn->dmf. .«i<i-i:il liwiislni In 
:<v»im fill raeli. PlwaiMr MeCiHlouvh. Mwaar. Pa. 

I--. .Mai.T. Im.Oii; l-i»- 
H,3-e. Will «liip r. 
Bfv. C'ar'nqtnn, Ohio. 

■ ^P ■ INTEII 


Best for 2.) Tears— Best Now. Hi«fa- 

eat Grade of Material and Work- 

maMUp. Made fro« tlM Centories 

— Genuiae Yellaw Douglas Fir. The 

oniy 8ik> on which you can fict those famoD* 


Protidc rnw lor Wioler rnsivance afiinrt Ibe Iom of the Hay Gap. 

Internationa] SOo Co.. Dept. 14. MeadrfWe. Pfc 



SUS Caotxibutor aod Adviiier 

[ead<i*tJ>erinpailaieni«f Dam- HnBtaadrj 
PenaeylTanln State CcOlege 

Sixth in C T.A. Work 

Ox JANUARY 1. 1925. cow les=t- 
Ing association records were be- 
i ing fcept in 1046 herd? in the Key- 
I stone State, according to L O. Sidel- 
' niann, dairy extension eperialist of 
^ the Pennsylvania State College. 
I These herd-s- which included 14,0fii 
j eows were grouped in forty-two <iif- 
: ferent associations. PeDBsylvanla 
I ranks fifth In the number of row- 
testing ass;oeiation.<^ and sixth in the- 
ntunber of cows on tept. Wisrontiiu 
takes first i>Ia.ce for having the larg- 
est number of cows in listing asso- 
ciations with California. Mina««ota, 
Michigan and Iowa following in or- 

Only 1.2 per cent of the total num- 
ber of dairy cattle in the tTnifed 
States art found in cow testing as- 
sociations. These afi'^ociatioas. 722 
in number, are scattered fhrnout the 
Unitf-d States, with the greater per- 
centage of them located in the north 
central and eastern states. Ten 
states, most of which are in the 
South, did not have active associa- 
tions on January 1, 1925. 

Mr. Sidelmann states that two of 
the indicationf" of the value of oow 
le.eting associations are the largn 
number of members who continue in 
asixtciation work froai year to y«%ar 
nnd the increasing average prodnc- 
tioD of the cowt- in cow testing as- 
sociations af^ compered with the av- 
erage of all tht daily cattlt in the 
Ktystone Stat' . A study of C. T. A. 
records shows that the former pro- 
duce etehiT-fiv>- per c< nt more luilit 
than the latter. — A. L. B 

Many Guernseys on Test 

THE nnmher of cows on Advanced 
Registry test in Pennstylvania 
during the pre.-ient year, while not 
equaling the number tested in 1922, 
shows a slight Jncrea.'-e over the num- 
ber which completed A. R. records in 
1924, according to P. S. WUHams. 
who is in charge of official testing 
work at the Pennsylvania State Col- 

The number of cows now enter*>d 
on Advanccfl Registry long time test- 
ing in the Keystone State ir as fol- 
lows: 2S0 GnemveyE in M herds; 
131 Ayrshires in 11 herds; IW Jer- 
seys in 15 herds; 95 Holsteins in 8 

These figures show that the 
Guernsey breed has more ctrws on 
yearly test." than any other dairy 
breed in the state. The Ayrshire and 
Jersey breeds follow in oider with 
the Holstein breed in last i^ai-e. Al- 
tho short time tests in the Holftein 
breed an- decreat^in^: in number, the 
large number of seven and Ihlrly-day 
t€Ms jt:!l bein;: conducted actnunis 
to a conslderabb- extent for the 
smaller number of 365-day tests. — 
A. L, B. 

._ I 

Laneaster's Hi^ Herd 

pied pipei of Lancaster C-oun- 
ty when it comes to inducing eows to 
produce large amounts of milk and 
butterlat. Two of his purebred Hol- 
stein cowB. Tuts and Ethel, were the 
highest producers in the local cow 
testing association in both 1924 anil 
1925. His herd wa.s aim the Mgheot 
in the average productloa lb the 
testing OMwciatien for both years. Flar 
the year ending: May 16, IttB. Tuts 
prodac«d 16.141 peuadfi at milk and 
€2^.9 pmiads of tratterfat. wbi1« 
Efhel produced 16, ."578 pounds of 

milk and 573.2 potinds of hattertat. 
Both of these eows were outBtaodlng 
as the highest producers ia tfte aaso- 

Mr. Stottzfos Is outepoken in his 
-approral of the cow testing asaocia- 
titm ae the surest way to improve- 
ment in dairying. He Is also a strong 
advocate of purehred dairy cattle. 
He says: "My average was less than 
8000 pounds of milk per cow when 
I decided to bay a few purehred 
foiindalion heifers. As soon as the 

For Dog Owners 

338, Just issued by the 
United States Department of 
A«rrionUur€ affords dos fan- 
elers some concise information 
about the control of the more 
importaat worm parasites, auch 
as hookworms and round- 
worms, and external parasite* 
wich as fleas, lioe am! ticks, 
with which dcgs are often af- 
fected. The importanee of 
thew parasites, says the de- 
partment, is heightened hy the 
fact that a numher of them ai« 
tranRmissible in etsme form to 
men and to livestock. Prevent 
tion Is largely a matter of sani- 
tation and careful Buperrlsion 
of the dog's ha-bits, especially 
his food. 

Copies of the circular may he 
had by writing to the United 
Staff's Department of Acrlcul- 
ture, Washington. IXC,««loBg 
as the supply lasts. 

purehred heifers came into milk thejr | 
raised the average per cow from 8000 
to 11.999 pounds of milk. Last year I 
the ovf-rapr production per cow w.ns 
11.724 pounds of mJlk and 405 4 
pounffs of butterfat." 

,Mr. Stoltafus is a firm heliever in, 
the value of the tuberculin te«t and | 
Bdvl.«es every dairyman to start with 
tobereulin tested cattle and 
ly work into pureTJiwls by the pur- 
chase of a few animals that are 
worth while. — A. A. B. 

W. G.'s Cinder Walks 

AFTEJR reading W. G.'s letter in. 
the if.«ue of May 23, I wish fo| 
My for his benefit that the only mi- 
take he made in building his walk 
with bard eoal nshes ^-as In the I 
time of applying the ashes. We haT<» 
had the same experience that h« has 
had with his walk when we dumped 
the as.hes on the paths as they cami^ 
direct from the stove; that is, we 
found that there were more ash*.' 
scattered all over the house than i e- f 
mained out on the walh. 

If W. G. will dump all his aslirsj 
outdoors on a pile and let it remain I 
sntU the frost Is otit of ttie grouiii 
tiext spring and then apply on !iif 
walk, say two feet wide, he will finU 
that the wet ashes will settle and{ 
become quite smooth and hard fel- 
lowlng (he spring rains. 

We have used ccmsiderahle bard I 
eoal ashes on walks and driveway? 
and when applied in spring the re- 
salt is a durable, cement-like surfaf 
which neither clings to the 8h«rs noi"] 
heconuss dry and dusty. 

Soft coal ashes wHl M>t settle an4 j 
will alwitys be loow* and roll abewt 
unless a top layer of hard coal ashM 
very wet in ssrias aceempanisj 
them.— R. I. W. 




Ic. Willi". Ilrutm, Klaok, BulT Leghonu.M inr 

It'. .MiiiiM'.is. ■*< •'. Am-imu tiO |«>r 

^:l»l Whim bculiornit, SpecUl Papa 

r ..J ^^.j Wy«ndotta» $11 pur 100 

..111 per 10i> 

.}' IMT 10» 



Koreas, ls»n\-d ito'- 

ll. H.ils 

■1,'rs >>r Mivi'il ehiehs ,, ,.., .„. 

|4 yi'jrs I'xiwrk-iiiv. 100% lira drliren to your 
I iliiiir. Illu--t4iil>'d Cat. and prlee list ftca, 
InSON'S hatchery, ICKCSaURS. P^ 


Itiiir ml Wliite l.i5Shoi-ns J9.00— 100 

L. II ,1 10 011—11)1) 

itnv-iH };''"--."*'! 

10 no— loo 

"■" 8.0i>— li>0 

iileJ I.-is than 100 lots. lOOCt live rti-ltven' 
fiitit.l. .Ml t"i<l rlOcks. 
|B NIEM0N'>. Box S, McAllittnillt, Pa. 


PennstftVania Farmer 


Caniucted by W. C. Fair, V. 8. 

AilTios tlim this ilBiiartnuint li fr« to our 
suoscrlMr*. Eseh ojuimunicstlon sliuulil stats 
nutorj sud symptoms of the i^it^o In full- sls» 
,?■ 'i'""-' ""' •'Wrosj. of wriicr. Inlimls only 
.. "w I'oWls-lie'l- W» cammt make r.'iilv in 
inau. Tlii.< U onfl of th» iii.wt valuul.le cnluinin 
oj Uke laper ana we Invlta rt-adt-rs u. maJi* use 
or It. ( lii>irln>!» rrmn tklK wiluimi. wlieu nrou- 
erly presi-ried an J i-l»*ilrted. n»ii» au» ui lU,- 
uio.<ir valiiiilila medlt^l kfiupuslunu a fanw- 
stockinsn can olitsln. 

mill llr, I.('::lion». 











<.Wf 9U9 /.vw 

ri-Ur'-ii f. low;. ll»i> orrlial uunrauloaU. l"»iivl 
litrei'iiltl. Mrdt-r dlreri froui thib uiL *tr uilie 
>'UI iM !<'■<. .UI '.00 i.iiU 1.000 iMtH. Ckarry H4II 
-g. McAllalarwIle, Pa, 

Farm. WM. NACC. McAllalaiville 



iiail \'"ir order, wo ship C. O. D. aud •uarantra 
Id lOD'o Ino d.-U'en of sturdy, purcbnd i1i1i-Im 
bred to lay UocJt* Wti, l.i-.:lii.iiir,. s.-: 
lilit U-. 'i-iiiK. .VJiwilia-^, tfe; lid. ll»«'l..-«. WIl Uutk 
lui'd^. '.•'„-: Iluir 11... ks. Bull i>r|« ,WI 

l*)is .>r 1h 


\V.<ali,l.. , 
tUeil IV'i I 

blill<>l-t-a<i. ll.'. .Mix»*d. Sr. ixHs ■•( iH.^. lusM iv 
Lak* Hatetieiy.Boa PA.SIIsw Lak.',lnd 

jsolidaied Beef Scrap 


kmiolldati-d By-PVoduot Co., Stock Yards. Phlla. 


M'^c, Oiiioiu atid other farm ;.n><lu 

..| at itixxl ptlrea, GIBBS A BRO 



Kstaliilkliiil In lS-t4. 

'n. Front St.. Phila.. Pa. 


■i llr I ;■' l.iN -.llJill. N..I1.- Ivlr.r. 110. 110 

<,-..'.i' .1 .^:t,»'0- ::j. sirtm,; i-tiu, t>rouu*t 
T 311. 1 lotactlnli tuaranttvd. 

KLINE, Bsx 50, Middleereek, Pa. 

Xn A T\ t\itd linn,;* tli.iii. P'-r |tio: | 
\j, V, U, wh., Br Le<li..rn>. An^v,ll^^. 
\\\\\ Minrrj.. Iteil.. Il'd A Wli. II.n k-, {10. I 
Jt.l . *■> \\. hatch until K. jit. Onl. r oo.v. ! 


Icks Every Week ll',';.;:; ■■""'"* ■■»'•'""••• 

■ 1 II 

JAS. E. 

Wj Jilui.|ie>, lOc 

iili-». Uc: llr-il|.T«, ?<' Ilaldi i-l 
ULSH. Beaesr Sarlaaa. Pa, 

OAY-OLO CHICKS «aeklv, turkeys, du<-h>. 
r. ituliiea«. bantaou, liarvs, cnlliei. Xwk, eaii< 
Catalo.:. Pioaser Faraia, Taltard, Pa. 


B! I'lieiter \VhUe:i and B.-rkAhlroa >li (rerkii oM. 

I 4.I1 llrady 1.1 (lilii, iDi'lude tl.OO ealia if i.-u 

■ n.ji r"iiiiu our rratr. ladlan Cam Hog Farn. 
irt. Pa. 

(stereo 0. I. C, and CHESTER WHITE PIOS 
C. P. ROaERS. 

Wayvills. N, V. 


■ wonr, ca»'J.^ - "J.*^""' STOCK PIGS. ' 

■ WOOD FARMS. P. 0, Bh It, Braulord, N. Y. | 

ISTER WHITE ii.r.l.i« l»ar, allti aii.l vm 
Ti'.-.l'l'' ni^dj^ eoud t)|M,_iai our [•"<>» 

R. 2. 



►n»l ..ry.- wiiji.nv; bloodline*, rui 
Itland Farn, Kaaattt Saaara, Pa. 

tNa;a%>a, Pa. 

L S*\'l Mi 



khty Dnrocs «?["»/'**• ■••' "' "t^" «"••• . 

r 8AUFLIEV c..ii"!L''^"' O" appr.wal 1 

-Z "^iTlI^* ^'* '*'"' H aai»el.ta»a. Pa. \ 


:^^^^^>:r '^'" ■"p'„R„„. PA, I 

f V:^f Z?*!" »• '• C. P.OS-^ ..ek, ...d. ] 


rriJ"„:;.'",:',:-ji.!;i:«;;-^.-"n.... ; 

ly advise lis us to whether or not u 
ration of skiiuniilk. fresh from the 
separator, and eorn an the ear, fed 
twice a day. is su table for a broo.l 
sow about to farrow. This ration 
was used on one of our sow.s and all 
I'Ut one of till! piss were burn dea>i. 
Also, give us MX iilea as to tht? prop.-r 
ration to use, — B. M,, Elk t'.iunty. 
Pa. All corn and swei-t milk \i not 
a good ration for i.hf broixl sow. 
That the ft'eil allaw oii the breediluT 
sow deteruiiiifs in veiv large .legret« 
the weight, size, vigor, coat, condi- 
tion, bone lievelopuient and general 
health of the newly farroweil pig 
ha.s been experimentally proven time 
and tinier again. You should have 
given her alfalfa hay iv olovor, ur 
some roots, or tankage, oats, and 
wheat bran. Of course, in summer 
i\'h('ti .she has aoce.-»s ti> grasses th« 
brooil sow nia.v do fairly well to be 
fed corn and milk, but alone it is 
not a balanet-ii ration, 1 have noticed 
that hot;;s tliiive liest when they are 
supplieil with soni'- imtshaKe, 

— I piirel>a!»e.( a cow at an auction 
j sale, Wh'n I milked her I found 
i that the milk eotnes from an opeiiinjc 
I in side of teat, caused by barb wire 
cut. How .should this case be treat- 
ed? — .M. O,, Essex County. N, J. An 
opening in the side of teat is best 
treated when the cow is ilry, for it is 
difltcult to heal a w.iund while the 
milk filters thru thf» opening. This 
i.s work for your veterinarian, 

OLAXDBRS. — Would you kindly 
publish a lii-scription of cjlanders ^i 
the horse ami state if an ordinary 
person would be capable of distln- 
gui.shiHK it.— E. L. C. Arnold, Pa. 
Glanders Is x contagious, usually 
chronic infectious dlsea.-^f of 
a.sses, and mules. It is characterized 
by the formation of nodules which 
tend to degenerate and form ulcers 
in the mucus membranes, skin, and 
internal organs, especially the lungs. 
The disease oecasloiially attacks man 
and carniverous aiiitnals. Sheep and 
goats may be inoculated artiticiallv. 
Glanilers is due to (he bacillus mal- 
lei, a straight or .slUhtly curved, aer- 
obic bacillus, which has a character- 
istic growth on potatoes and Is es- 
sentially an obligatory parasite. 
Natural infeetions. — Susceptible an' 
maid are infectetl with glanders ihni 
the digestive tract with the food and 
water wh'ch has be-?n contaminated 
with the dis,-har«e.< (nasal, faicy- 
bud ) or more rarely with in-uiuie 

euEBNg Ev bu T: — :: ■ — l ""' ^ """•' rueiy with inuiure 

i^- ji"nJri5;;,„"3"?;,.'^,,L"t?^,, ';;.', ' *"'• "'■'"«' ^^ slandered animals. Thru 


fRN8EY»_/ju.iTiMy hulls of fa.hi.»i*Me hreedlii. 

bk t,\T. }.'"' iSiU'-'"^ on aj.piimiioo. Willow 
W Fari.,1 Co., Charehvllle, Bi^eki CouafT Pa 


-l-lil' * '^*"*'- "• °- ^- SIt aaery Ra«k. Pa. 

l!r'""^,."*K'?!"' *"** HolaUUM, f^ spfinioni 
""yjl.lfrr,^,„d^bun, J. C. REAGAN. 

|"»r LAWN FARM. Boa t. ILVERSOW. PA , 
|CTICALLV PUMC «iici>M«rv „ Ht!< STf •«! 

"l '.ur»*,i «"<•• »*«•• •"'*. "Wed 'or 
L. SHIPWAY. WMItwatar, Wita. 


"•-""tim 5 j'?**«~* '«'*"" ••W-l f"r a 
ptmiiiv r^r" i" '''' l">«i««rnrk An «T(»n*lonal 

Pft^^lllf -r°" ''••t SAMPLES. s,l| M.) 

'l ir!r7„'*''*v- '•'^ ">' '»«• Msnu«a.«oi-«r 
eurn ii„i „ u, """Wlal "r rinprienm n-quirod. 

-^ Swry n;:;^^^' '"*"" ' *""»"'• 

tffell-^ TOBAOOO 

lIsM '',I?,,f*»^«=»- t-t-'WIo* fire p„und,. 11 SO 
I''" P.V ih!.'^ "»• !"""»» »1«V ten. $2 110 
h»rifi,i %"J'"' f«l»*d, aatKfartlon cuaranteeil 
F- lies Tokaeea Srawara. Maxons — " " 

end n<iv||>t frea. 

■III. ke«~. 

}l VI, f,.|i. 
... .. 00 r.iT when 
Faraitri Uaiaa, Pa- 

skin wounds, but this is rai-e. It may 
, follow the use iif an infected harness 
which rubs and chafes the skin. Oc- 
casionally Instances of transmia.sinn 
of the disease fri>rii an Infected stil- 
1 lion to a mare thru copulation ar.' 
recorded. Glanders is nearly alwa\ -; 
introdiictd into u st.ble thru an in- 
fected individual, usually a hoist. 
suffering frnni chm lie pulni.>nary 
glanders. It is a notorious fart that 
an apparently sound horse may in- 
fect a large number of horses with 
which It tonnes in direct or indirevr 
eontar-f Ptthlie wAt<*f'ing tr*Hig1»'« iri' 
particularly dangerous in this re- 
gard. The horse is not as suscep- 
tible to glnnder.-t oh the ass or thn 
mule. The period of incubatiuH is 
usually placed at two weeks. We 
meet with three form.s of glanders, 
na-sal. .skin (farcy), and pulmonary. 
Diagno.sis: — Provided the 
symptoms are well develop«'d the di- 
agnosis of glanders Is not difllcMlt. 
The Malleln Test: — Mallein, which 
is prepared from th" slanders bacil- 
lus, much as tuberculin Is prepared 
from the tubercular b.neilliis, when 
properly used, is a reliable test for 
glanders. Glanders, so far as known 
to the veterinary profe,ssion. is incur- 
Sible. whether occurring in the 
chronic or acute form, and the ani- 

mal should be killed, and the body 
burled deeply in quicllme or burn- 
ed. The clothing, haraess. bridles, 
and everything the animal wore 
v/hile living, and the bedding, litter, 
straw, etc., may be easily and econ- 
omically disposed of by placing them 
in a heap and destroying by fire, 
the thus incurred being trivial 
in comparison with the loss of horses 
that may result by keeping those ar- 
ticles. The .stable, manger, stall, etc.. 
should be thoioly cleansed with boil- 
ing water containing disinlectant. 
then u,se fresh lime wash freely 

BARRENNESS— I have a mare 
ttfteea years old which has hail seven 
colts. She .seems to be in good 
health, but has been served several 
different limed and fails to get with 

foal. What can be done for her? 

W. E. V Osterburg. Pa. Dissolve one- 
quartor pound of bicarbonate of .soda 
in a iiallon ot' clean tepid water, 
then flu<b her; u-e a clean fountain 
syringe and treat her daily. 

Our Readers' Classified 
Advertising Department 

r. ^ "Ul'^"''** to buy or aeU at llttla expaasa. 
0?er M.OIM farm famUlaa r«ad PaanaylraS 
ranoer erery week. Kate 6 oenis a word each 
for uiifc two or thraa niri.tecutlvii weakly Inaar- 
tlona: 5 aoata a word each foa foiu or aaora 
liu<-rtloi.s. Count eaufa number and inlUal and 
sand i-aali ^Ith order. Ordera. dlscunUnuanma or 
ohaiiges irf cOBy must reach ua by Wadnaaday of 
weak ^rwedlng date of Issua All adverUsenianU 
tct in ualfora style, nu display type or Uluatfa- 
iloiiii. Poultry Kltprtlslng may run bare, but U 
'UapUyed or lUuwraCluan used must r«a lo dis- 
play advertlslotf columns at oummerolal adrer- 
1 -.Inii rate ISS oeots par agate Unel. l.lrestook 
adTsttlalni not oortpied In this departmeot. 
Mlaimuia. Ten Words. 
Send all orders to 

PMinsylvania Farmer 
2«1 S. Third St., PhiladAlphia 


Bad Ration Affects Pigs 

Some of my eight-w.-ek-old 
pigs have gotten weak in their 
hind legs. The leaders in their 
legs xiv <irawu and they have to 
sit down. They are very fat and 
eat heartily. They will lie down 
and eat. Is there anything I can 
do for them? — C. C. H., Carroll 
County, Md. 

Prom the symptoms given it would 
seem th»>se pigs are not receiv- 
ing a balanced ration. The feed 
whi.h they are receiving apparently 
iloes not have sufllcleiit protein and 
ininerils. It would be somewhat 
easiei ;o give proper directions for 
fee. ling if the ration that is being i 
used Were given. | 

I would suggest that these pigs be j 
put en a ration coiidstini; of: 
4 parts corn meal 
.< parts wheal middlings 
1 part digester tank:ige or Osh 
meal, with po-sibly a very small 
amount of .steamed bonemeal 
If sk'nuiiilk is available this may 
be .sub^'iiuted for the tankage or flafc If fed. it should be allowed at 
the rate of tliree pounds of milk to 
one pound of the grain mixture 
without the tanka'.;e or tisli meal. 

I would also suggest thai the pigs 
be given access to forage, such as 
dovf-r. alfalfa, or any green feed 
that may b" avail.ible. 

The fact that they ar- very fat 
w.'uld indieate that they are not re- 
ceiving a growing ration. — W. H. 

'iUARANTEED i-ulk-il aod Uisnected chioka. 

iiit'iiii-, -1.,: :)'r lUscjujit ;iOO or mure. Whiio I.«i- 

catalu. .1.,.. Ruaker-s Poultry Fara. OW aaiwa. loitS 

?.^*X CHICKS— -J-., .',!). ioo lota. Reda. »3 2S IB 
Jll: lt...-k«. »;. *-,..-.o. Mil; W. LeahMia yif< u 

.». '. *^'..''-. '**" nin^H, 10O"e live arriral miar- 
Iliij; Pa.^*™^" "*'• *• *• •■««•"■. mcAlKt^ 

r^h***il* LEOHORMS f..r ,*1«. JOr* and April 

iUALITV CHICKS iv-iiald. l,.o l*»Soro., laria 

rl.. I... UialiJii J*. *|,', Ai-iirt 17 .',1,1 ,,, 

Mlia)yrl Pwiltry Farm.. Coluabl^ MUa oari ^^ 

phl^cr^JB.Jjuiyer^Ba x 43. McA listarvilla. ru 
STRONG piiiu lii.d ihiil,.<. Ha Juoa and Juiv U'kii> 

f-k^.r.TJiTU'-p".""-""- ••"^ '^'•^ "»"■ 


FRCC TRIP TO CALIF0RNIA-4iat Uik« mod n 
J^I,^.|.p.>,.oa l..nd. .M...,rtu,my"f,'?',^ i,«d SS 
^tl!:!? l^'"l'V'T" .;''••'" '"«-» "*~J selllSHrs^ 
1197 Tra«s#«taK«» BIdg. . CkSliJi. III?*" '* 

?°n?/"II?A.'''"?"',°'*-- '■"osth aurfaca 1 ply Uai 
w"!!-. »l-;5; 3 ply. I1.3S per toll BaWala MaSSi 
Wraekla. A Soltraga C«w. 47rWaIdis aW[. BmSS 

fuoo *!.^.h"V.'ri'i' '[■'"••J" I"-"- '»•'.■» price- .onir 
J»00 with buiull.- i.MiiK atuohmont. Fteo rataloa 
slLmlii.; pi.-iui^.. .rf han.-i. r Bqk 528. Sa lina. KiS?^" ^•"'■"1 '-""I'l-r, 1.1 .^,nd pr.«lu<-u, pork 
l^itev-i. Box 284. Pcnniyleania Farmer. ^^ "araaa 


r.'*!,*^?*!^','.^'*-''.'''""''- T'l.iau.. llru**.-!, Sp,«uisao4 
< • ll n ll,!,.,: . .iM,j, aiilia^'o plants i Itaa.ii v,Z>ii 

Ix^"*" Vl"li!':''l^V ':•"-«!'"'•-» S*irtei.""^l:kh,3i 
«*n>r>. All ll(.)<l Kar Sm. . .-^nioii \Vaki»4l».M w-TT 

.mi.'-y.", "'■'.'••"-. •••'•" liuik, s*iS*i;'d.*5^ 

ikm ""'.l. "'^'' *"■' ""' "'••'< ■*" re-rooi«l i-> w 

AM n.i^':.^- •.: '^" 'I -'•- l-"«<l.0l») cluliflo5S 
ri- ,-.M),,ii fl. ,11 [,., 1 ;mO,IH.O BrU.*sW« tmrH^ 

p:.i"v: R«h,'...:.",i;;;i;,„;ra.7«' -^- p.. 

CABBAGE PLANTS- 1 i Mi:il.,ns wiira fln. 
£•"» :.•""""• ila..:»~<.-..,,«iu^ Mlritet n. 

r,'.';,"?.:,'.",*;;'- "* "^'"'i '•--'*^X..n*,r- j.'x*" 

n I ,..h,.h tiar,„:.j,| ,.r n.-y clieerfiUly refund- 

FrliakliB, Vi^ ' '^•'"'"">'' Wholaaala OraweiS,, 

More Telophontis Used 

APPROXl.M.ATELY sixty-two per 
cent of the farmers in Pennsyl- 
vania have" connections, 
aciiording to estimates compiled by 
L. H, Wlble, diiect or. Bureau of Sta- 
ti.-'tiis. Pennsylvania Department of 
Agriculture. This is an of 
live per cent since the last estimates 
vet > g,.therp.i in ls>2:l. 

Among the counties in which 
more than seventy- live per cent of 
the larmer:s have lebphones are j 
Bradford, Centre, Chester. Clarion^ I 
Ciiinberland, Delaware. Franltlin, In- 
diana, Somerset. Susquehanna. 
I'liion and Washington. 

Other counties having more than 
the average ttumbef of farms wita 
phone connections are Butter, din- 
ton. Columbia, Erie. Greene, Jeffer- 
son. Juniata, Lancaster. Lebanon, 
Lycuuiing. McKean. Mercer. Mon-^ 
Sullivan, Tioga, Venan- 
Weatmoreland and Wy- 

?tfJ ?",''?•■*"* PLANTS-June. Jul, deUiiT 

• • a.i.l As,. ,, i,,;,; ;o„r'*^,- »"??■ ''^. 

«^nJj^r II.I, J. c SeOaidt. Srtetol. Pa 

CABBAGE PLANTS .«! "iii i»r innn. /-...«- 

tour. Potft 
go. Wayne 
oming — J, 

I _ »Aaij xjunM 

I P.™/?"?'* FARMERS maa Bora aaaey «a MaM 
fsriBS In Sm Jiiaqulu V«U,-v. eslif..riiu ^,ai.^!5 

! ti" r,;'*™:;:;'^?"^^""' "" •'^pi^^'d 5Sia? 

nee for mm of moderate meaoa. Twenty and iSte 
arre rami, prodii™ ,ir»ifa sbuiuUnS SLiSS 

\ of trues ilaM ,i*iw<.<.M. •"—»>« -o^ij^^j 
!»«• R»3ia • wi-ll h»ian<-«| farm wtlS fv^t^oma 
C4i»u«hout lAo y,«r. Wliii-Tleae eallfSnla ^n2 
"lurh J, the man InoklnB for a Sunirr ihS. ba eJI 
aet the mo«t out of life. VAUmi* dailSwhU: l32 
arviwiin Ma«>na. wooderfij rowK; eMuSta^oSr 

I ^'"ti"".; ."ir'**"?* "«■'«'""• aSSd D^5KSi 

ouUrt* for all produne, A small one fkmlle famL 

7Zp:^^'f^, on^-Aiiiri:" t^'Vi-.r^:;:'^? 
I rkVi,a'ar"c"i','.:.^'*r,;: »»"*• '• "-"»^ "^;« 

She — What makes you think Jone.s 
H tired of his wife? 

He — Sign in fron» of his house 
says "Homy for Sale." 

The tiriM who goes thru life hunt- 
ing for a soft thing can And it right 
under his hat. 

Farm Account Book 

don't ituaaa at your Income. Start 
keeping a Fann Account. Then you 
will know Jnst wbore you xtand 

WhUe the supply laata wa wUI fnr- 
nl»h onr paid-up nubscrtbera with a 
clotb-bonnd Farm Acronnt Book. «nf- 
flclent in aiite for an 8 years' record, 
for the nomin.ll sum of .50 canU. 
Worth 11 '.O .Sond orders to 
2fi1 So, 3rd St., Phila, P». 


A load of hogs taken twelve miles to 
market by old methods shrunk fifty 
pounds in weight and the Journey 
took an entire day. 

IVith the Ford truck the round trip 
was completed in a few hours, the hogs 
marketed with negligible shrinkage. 

At $12.00 per hundredweight the added 
pro/it for hogs on this trip was $6.00, 
and at a minimum of $ 1.00 per hour for 
his time, the farmer saved at least $5.00. 
It doesn't take many trips at $11.00 
extra profit per trip to pay for a Ford 

**Pord Tr«clu make goo4 
Markets available.** 

Get A Demonstration 
Daring Dispiay Weeli 

There's a profitable place for a Ford truck on 
every farm. A demonstration will show you 
how your marketing and farm hauling can be 
done to greater advantage with a Ford truck. I 
Ford new body types are now available for every 
hauling requirement— for transportation of live 
stock, grain, gravel, or to get produce to market 

Every Ford truck is a Ford throughout, with all 
that the statement implies of sturdy, economical 
usefulness and dependability. j 

The combination of the Ford truck for hauling 
and the Fordson tractor in the field allow you 
to take full advantage of weather and market 

^"""'^ /"^^ DMrolt. Michiffatt " ^^ 






KCmmpjt t mp 0> — Cak] 
•take B«dy--CtoM« Can . 




ft* I 


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Jo\. 92 -No.2 

'■sit-hiir-h Marktt Kdhlon) 


$1 .00 a year 

in this ksue: An aatUne of plans for the Rrst summer session of the American Institute 

of Cooperation in PhiladelpUa. 

Z— 22 

VennsytVania Farmer 

July 11. I92r; 



A good farming 

Good seed, thorough prepara- 
tion of the seed bed, seeding late 
enough to avoid the Hessian fly. 
and a liberal application of a 
good, high analysis fertilizer, r.'e 
the secrets of success in prol.i- 
able wheat growing. This is the 
experience of leading Experi- 
ment Stations and successful 
farmers everywhere. 

Of this program, possibly the 
most important is the selection 
of the fertilizer you buy. A 
liberal use of Swift's Red Steer 
Fertilizer means bigger yields of 
high quality wheat. 

Red Steer Feitt/i;er 
makes big yield 

"We applied Swift's Red Steer 
Fertilizer 2-12-2 at the rate of 
350 pounds to the acre," writes 
George Chapman, Gasport, New 
York, "and threshed an average 
of 40 bushels to the acre. We 
believe it pays to use the best 
fertilizer we can get." 

32 bushels per acre with 
Red Steer Fertilizer 

" I have been using Red Steer 
Fertilizer for the last five years." 
writes George Wurst, of Erie. 
Pa. "This year I produced 521 
bushels of wheat on 16 acres, an 
average of 32 bushels per acre. 
I used 200 pounds Red Steer 
2-12-2 per acre." 

What the Pennsylvania 

School of Agriculture 


The Pennsylvania School of 
Agriculture and Experiment Sta- 
tion suggests for wheat and rye: 

Poor soils: no manure or clo- 
ver sod, 300 to 400 pounds per 
acre 2-12-4; with manure or 
clover sod. 300 to 350 pounds 
per acre 0-16-0. 

Medium soils: no manure or 
clover sod, 300 to 350 pounds 
per acre 2-12-4; or 0-16-0; with 
manure or clover sod, 250 to 300 
pounds per acre 0-16-0. 

Rich soils: with or without 
manure, or clover sod, 200 to 300 
pounds per acre 0-16-0. 

Come in and see us 

Let us tell yxm hew many other 
progressive farmers in this local- 
it y have found the use of Swift's 
Red Steer Fertilizer the means 
to profitable wheat growing. We 
will help you select the analysis 
and amount per acre of Swift's 
Red Steer Fertilizer to make 
you the most profit. 


i^^ -^a*^' 

Extra profit from wheat 

You must raise a certain number of bushels of 
wheat on every acre to pay for the cost of produc- 
tion. Each extra bushel you raise is profit. 

And the number of extra bushels depends 
largely upon whose fertilizer you buy and the 
amount used per acre. 

The right fertilizer means not only man "extra 
bushels" b'Jt also a much better grade of wheat— 
the kind that brings the top market price. 

Six leading Agricultural Experiment Stations 
have proved over a long period of years that the 
use of fertilizer produces an average increase of 
more than 12 bushels of wheat per acre. Figure 
the extra profit such an increase in your crop 
would make. 

Why farmers prefer Red Steer Fertilizern 
Farmers prefer Swift's Red Steer Fertilizers be- 
cause they pay big profits in increased yields of 
better quality wheat. Moreover, they help secure 
a better catch of clover and bigger yields of hay 
following wheat. The extra tons of hay, alone, 
often more than pay the fertilizer bill. 

Swift's Red Steer Fertilizers are manufactured 
to a definite standard of quality. It is a standard 
always in keeping with the Swift reputation, more 
than fifty years old, for making each product the 
best of its kind. Thus, Swift's Red Steer Fer- 
tilizers are niade from the best and most productive 
sources of plant food, evenly mixed and thoroughly 

They enable you to plant late and thus escapel 
the ravages of the Hessian fly. They furnish thel 
necessary plant food to make a quick, sturdy topi 
growth and a strong root system which helps thel 
wheat crop to resist damage from heaving and 
winter killing. 

Rtd Steer Fertilizers also promote ample stoolj 
ing, healthy stalks and well filled heads of higi| 
quality wheat. 

Learn what Swift Service means 

It will pay you to get acquainted with the A.S. 
(Authorized Swift Agent) in your communityj 
He is a man wlio can give you valuable advice 
farming methods as well as fertilizers. Througlj 
Swift & Company, your State Agricultural Colleg 
and your County Agent, this man keeps informe 
on profitable farming methods. He knows thj 
wheat growers' needs and problems and will giv 
you a worth-while service. 

He will explain how you can increase your profit! 
by a liberal application of Swift's Red St« 

Look for the sign that marks his place of busincs 
He is a good man to know. If you cannot locatj 
him readily, write us. 

Fertilizer Works, Dept. 15 

Baltimore, Md. 

Cleveland, Oli 

Norfolk, Virginia 

Authorized Swift Agent 



Red Steer 


"It pays to use them** 



m- Look for this 

,* II —« I s/^n of the 


"imTOUStTHBy \ 

lo\. 90— lb. % 


Wkole S«. lies 

A School for Cooperative Leaders 

American Institute of Cooperation to Hold Its Summer Session in Philadelphia 

HE American Institute of Cooperation, which 

ii« holding Its first summer eeseion in Phila- 

jlphla from July 20 to Angust 15, offerR an 

[tortunlty tor study and for association with 

great cooperative leaders of the country which 

Buld not be missed by anyone having an interest 

'farmers' self-help organisations. 

Copies of the catalog, giving a complete out- 

^e of the work to be covered and a list of the 

eakers and instructors, may be secured from 

R. Taylor, Bureau of Markets, Harrisburg, Pa.. 

from the American Institute of Cooperation, 

fSl Eye Street, N. W., Wasbin^on. D. C. 

We give herewith a few paragraphs from tke 
|talog which will give an idea of the purpose 
the summer session and the scope of tlie work 
be undertaken. 

Object! of the Institute 

The idea of the Institute originated among 

operative organizations wbcwe leaders recog- 

Ized the need Intended to be meet by the en- 

Irprise. ... It ha« the following general ob- 


ll. To collect and make available a body of 
lowledge concerning the cooperative movement 
[America and other lands. 

To serve as a means of clarifying thought 

to what the cooperative movement really h 

d of bringing about more harmony and unity of 

lion among organizations directly or indirectly 

|nected with cooperation. 

To serve as a means of training and devel- 
Ing leaders and workers In the cooperative 

To serve as a means of assisting education- 
linstitutions thruout this country to Improve 
lir teaching courses in cooperation, and Investi- 
|ionaI work in cooperation. 

To focus the spirit of the cooperatire 

movement as a means of community and national 

The late Secretary of Agriculture, Henry C. 
Wallace, was one of the original supporters oF the 
Institute. The present Secretary. Dr. William M. 
Jardlne, himself a noted educator. Is giving splen- 
did encouragement and aid in every legltimat* 
way. Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover has 
promised the help of his department. 

Tofics to le Studied 

The Institute offers a source from which mem- 
bers, employes and officers of cooperative market- 
ing orpanizations. teachers of marketing in uni- 
versities and colleges, public marketing officials 
and private and public research workers will be 
able to secure training. Practical experience and 
knowledge will be pooled for mutual benefit and 
the advancement of sound cooperation. 

The Institute will serve to clarify thought 
concerning the real poals o* cooperative endeavor; 
to analyze the experience thus far accumulated 
and to develop leaders and workers who can ef- 
fectively serve the future needs of the movement. 

The general topics for study, week by week, 
are as follows. 

FIRST WEEK— Economic Principles and Le- 
gal Structure of Cooperation. Including (a) his- 
tory of cooperation: (b) Ideals of the movement; 
(c) development of types; Cd) poPsiblHtles an* 
limitations; (e) status of state and federal legis- 

SECOND WEEK.— Organization and Member- 
ship Problems: (a) preliminary market surveys; 
(b) forms of organization; (c) organization 
finance; (d) patronage coets; (e) educational 
work with merobers; (f) the cooperative an'3 the 

THIRD WEEK— Operating Methods and Man- 
agement Problems: (a) source of personnel; (h) 

business practices; (c) auditing and accounting; 

(d) marketing finance; (e) warehousing; (f) 
grading and standardization; (g) methods of 

FX)IJRTH WEEK — Bales Policie« and ftleo 
Problems: (a) orderly marketing;" (b) selllag; 
plans for various commodities; (c) develomnent 
of markets; (d) price objectives of cooperatives; 

(e) selling problems; (f) credits and collections; 
(g) effect of today's prices on tomorrow's prodae- 

The Institute will be the guest <rf the Uniwr- 
sity of Pennsylvania, which has given classroom 
space and certain privileges in the way of dormi- 
tory and recreational facilities. 

The cost of living in the dormitories is very 
reasonable. Single rooms equipped with private, 
wash stands and regulation furnishings may be 
had as low as $3 per week. The highest rate Is 
$« per week for double room. 

Those desiring accommodations in the dormi- 
tories should communicate immediately with 
Fritz Sparta, Jr., the Bursar. University of Penn- 
fcylvania. 207 S. 36th Street, Philadelphia, or with 
Charles W. Holman. secretary of the American 
Institute of Cooperation. 1731 Eye Street North- 
west, Washington. D. C. 

Trips of Inspection Will Be Made 
One ct the most interesting and valuable por- 
tions of the Institute program will be the inspec- 
tion trips which will be made to see the wide 
variety of marketing activities that are In <»er- 
ation In and near Philadelphia. 

There are no entrance requirements for per- 
sons who simply attend the morning speaking 
programs and the afternoon round table discus- 
sions. They will be expected to pay the regular 
tuition fee of f5 per week or $15 for the four 
weeks' course. 

Beating California at the Egg Game 

Pennsylvania Poultrymen Are Learning How to Meet W estern Competition 

)ULTRYMEN of the East have 
long wondered why eggs shipped 
the West usually arrive on the 
lern markets in better condition 
t-gg>' produced on nearby farms, 
terns to have cut to the quick for 
[poultrymen to receive from three 
Bfteen cent? per dozen less than 
tern eggs were bringing. 

the opinion of Keystone poul- 
nui the Poultry Extension De- 
Iment of the Pennsylvania State 
pt-fe has performed a valuable 
pice In helping the local pro- 
prs meet this western competition 
pmproving the quality of Penney]. 

iilf liJlplUVr- 

|t which has been brought about 

|he last five years is largely the 

fit of three things: numerous egig 

Tline and packing demonstrations; 

•*^ of local and county egg show.« 
tlif great egg display at the 

If Farm Products Show; tours to 
York City where shippers meet 

Imen who buy their eggs and get first-hand 

^pting information. 

The Poultry Extension Department began the 

»>n? and packing demonstrations with three 

IPS In mind: first, to have the farmers get 

IS that would produce only flrst-claas eggs; 

P<J. to give these eggs better care at home to 
r>«» '°" *° * mInlmuTO: and third, to 
onsirate how to grade, candle and pack eggs 

By L. W. STEELMAN. Poultry Specialist 

The PenoaylvaiJA State CoHege 

Ppnnsylvania potjltaymen on the roof of the Mnnicipol Building:, New 
York City, twenty-five stories above the street. 

ating hens that produce off-colored 
and odd-shaped eggs, and obtaining 
males from hens that produce first 
quality and marketable eggs. 

A small egg scale is always pro- 
vided and a large number of eggs 
are weighed. showinR what a twenty- 
four-ounce egg and eggs of other 
weisht." really are. 

Candling brings out many "mys- 
teries" to the novlcei^. In going over 
.Tlmost any crate of eggs, one will 
find a blood or a meat spot, heavily 
shrunken or stale eggs. 

Proper packing in the shipping 
f-rafp hrlnra on* tlie ff«pnr*<<n»'f of 
always using new flats and fillers, or 
u-ing the "cnp flat" instead of the 
ordinary pasteboard flat. One crate 
is carefully graded and repacked 
with cup flats and sent to a dealer 
along with one which is packed the 
"farmer's way." The dealer Is asked 
to write back which crate or method 
of pack he really desires and which 

.. ... . ^ ^ . *' P"iK ne reaiiy nesires am 

so they would arrive at market with the least one «how? the least amount of breakage 

possible amount of breakage. 

Farmers attending the demonstrations ar« 
asked to bring a crate of eggs which has already 
been packed and labeled for market. These crates 
are unpacked and the method of packing and 
grading Is criticised. The subject of producing 
marketable eggs leads to discussions of .«ielectlng 
better eggs for hatching, trapnestlng and ellmla- 

In many instances we find there are from ten 
to forty tggs cracked or broken in the ordinary, 
every day method of packing egg*, while In the 
new method we find but from none to six cracked 

It might be of interest "to note that twenty- 
five swch packing demonstrations have been con- 
ducted during the past twelve fto pace *) 


Entered as second-clasa matter at the post office at Phila.. ttt 
under the act of March 3, 1879. 


MARCO MORROW, VicePrea. F. H. NANCE. Secretary 

NEFF LAING, Matiafter C. L. WHITE, Associate Editor 

Household Editor 
Staff Contributors and Adviser* 
PROF. A. A. BORLAND, Dairying 

DR. W. C. FAIR. V. S.. Veterinarian 

DR. S. W. Fl, ETCHER. Fruit Crops 
R. G. KIR BY. Poultry 

DR. J. G. LIPMAN, SoiU and Fertilizer* 
W; C P ELTON. Garden and Tnick Crops 
PROP. W. B. TOMHAVE, Beef Cattle. Horses, Sheep, Swin« 

GENERAL OFFICE — 261-263 South 3rd Street. Phila, Pa. 

Branch Offices for Advertisina only : 

Cleveland. O.— 1011 Oregon Ave. N. Y. City— 120 W. 42nd St. 

Chicago, Illinois, — 608 South Dearborn Street 

Detroit, Michigan, 1632 Lafayette Blvd. 

Five Years. 260 copies, $3.00 Three Years, 156 cop^s, $2.00 
Two Years, 104 " l.SO One Year, 52 '^ 1.00 

Remit by draft, postoffice or express money order or registered 
letter. Address ail communications to, and make all remittance* 
payable to 

The Lawrence Publishing Company, Philade lphia, Pa. 


55 cents per agate-linr measurement, or $7.70 t>er inch (14 line* 
per inch), each insertion. No ailvertisemcnt of less than three 
lines inserted. No deceptive, iiiunoral swindling aiivrrtisements 
inserted at any price. Pennsylvania Farmer advertisers are 
relialile. Special rates for livestock and classified advertising. 
'^ Complete information fumisned on request. 

Vennsytvania Farmer 

somo t'outaiu only the data coiineett'd with 
x\w transfer of titles. Photofrraplis aofompany 
almost all the coutribution.s as wa.s retiuested. 
These stories of century-old farms will be 
published from week to week and we are sure 
they will be found interesting to all our read- 

The State's Forests 

IN SPITE of the continued discussion of the 
advisability of promoting the further de- 
velopment of state forests, probably few 
people realize the advance that has been made 
in that work. According to the last report 
of the Department of Forests and Waters the 
state now owns l,i;Jl,277 acres, bought at an 
average purchase price of $2.26 per acre. The 
estimated present value is $11.80 per acre. 
After allowing for cost of administration, de- 
velopment and improvement there is still an 
estimated profit-credit due the forests of over 
.•k.5,000,000. During the last twenty-five years 
35,331,659 trees have been planted. In addi- 
tion to the state's plantings individuals have 
set out over 17,000,000 trees. Most of these 
trees have been grown in the state nurseries 
wliich have an area of thirty aercs and an 
annual producing capacity of 12,000,000 trae- 

Hanbw Arrlcultural PubUshsrs Ass'n and Aadit Bureau af Clrculatlaa^ T"V^ fVlA f^lllMvrS Stick ? 

Val. 92, N*. 2. PM*., Pa., July 11. IMS WhJ. N«. 1469 

OUR JOB l8 to serve our readers. Whenever 
you are puzzled write to us and we will help 
jrou if we can. 

Happiness comes from strioing. doing, looing. achieving, 
conquering, — always something positive and forceful. 

—David Starr Jordan. 

Look at Your Receipt 

RECENTLY we have had more than the 
usual number of complaints from readers 
who have given their money to subserii)tion 
agents whom they believed were representa- 
tives of Pennsylvania Farmer, only to receive 
later an entin^ly different publication, the 
National .Stockman and Farnu>r of Pittsburgh. 
The National Stockman and Farmer issues a 
western edition which circulates largely in 
Ohio, and an castt^rn edition which circulates 
in West Virginia, Pcnn.Kjivantia and other 
eastern states. Neither is in any way con- 
nected with Pennsylvania Farmer. 

Readers can avoid the annoyance of re- 
ceiving the w^rong paper if they will make 
certain that the agent they are dealing with 
is really a representative of Pennsylvania 
Farmer. Our agents carry credt^ntials which 
they will gladly show upon re<|ue8t. They 
will also show you a copy of the paper. The 
two publications are not alike in appearance; 
no one could mistake tlie other paper for 
Pennsylvania Farmer. 

The receipt issued by Pennsylvania Farm- 
er has these words printed across the top: 




We urge our reatlers to insist on getting a 
receipt from the agent. If it doesn't bear the 
inline and of this paper he is not an 
;n:eredited representative of Pennsylvania 

Stories of Old Farms 

SOME weeks ago we asked for accounts 
and short stories of farms which have 
been owne<l and operated by the same name 
for one hundred years or more. We have 
been surprised at the number received. Many 
of the stories arc intensely interesting, altho 

July 11. 1925 

much leas than was expected earlier in the 

Referred without Comment 

UNDER this heading we publish an 
editorial on 8ora« current topic 
taken from the columns of a contem- 
porary paper. Its publication does not 
necessarily mean that the sentiments 
expressed are the sentiments of Penn- 
sylvania Farmer. — Editors. 

THE work of conducting calf clubs, poul- 
try clubs, pig clubs, corn clubs, etc., has 
been going on long enough now to draw some 
conclusions as to their permanent results 
among young people. To what extent have 
the members become interested in farming as 
a whole antl in the specialty in particular? 
Have they maintained their interest and activ- 
ities? Have they entered into the business in 
a more extensive and practical way? lias the 
work developed an interest to the extent of 
taking a course jn an agricultural college? 
What proportion dropped the work wlien 
they received or failed to receive a prize? 

We would like to hear from parents, coun- 
ty agents, club leaders and others on these 
points. A good many doubts and criticisms 
have been expressed but most of them have 
been made by those who talk in generalities. 
Let us have facts and plenty of them. 

Give and Take 

A MAN in referring to the progress of a 
local farmers' organization the other 
day said of a neighbor: "lie has the keenest 
mind in the neighborhood, but if he can't have 
his way he won't do anything." 

This type of people is found all too fre- 
quently, especially in rural communities. We 
know of a Orange that went to smash recent- 
ly for no other reason than that one member 
had the "rule or ruin" spirit. lie was a good 
farmer and a man of good judgment, but he 
could not cooperate by giving way to others 
occasionally. Here is where farmers will find 
the rock upon which most of their organiza- 
tion craft will be wrecked unless the mem- 
bers keep in mind the necessity for compro- 
mi.sing with "the other fellow." 

Market Tendencies 

FOR .some rea.son, possibly because har- 
vest and threshing time is at hand, grain 
prices have been moving downward. While 
crop conditions are reported to be holding 
their own the general situation is not so much 
improvtfd as to warrant greater optimism than 
the June forecast inspired. The prices of 
wheat, corn and oats have been going down 
gradually. On the other hand, hay has ad- 
vanced a little owing to eflfects of dry weath- 
er. In many localities the crop harvested was 


The dean of a large eastern college recent- 
ly declared that the automobile is undermin- 
ing the church. He echoed a statement made I 
so frequently that many people have come to| 
take it for granted. 

But it is one of those half truths that do I 
harm because they sound plausible. In so farl 
as it applies to the cities there may be soiiiel 
weight to it. Certainly hordes of people dol 
pour out of the cities on Sundays to gratifyj 
their hunger for fresh air and open land- 
scape. But even so, the majority of cityl 
churches show a steadily increasing member-[ 

And if the learned dean and his brotherl 
critics would go out to some country town on 
a Sunday morning and observe the autoino-l 
biles parked about the churches, they would] 
see the reverse of what they say. 

The automobile has added to the congre-| 
gations of thousands of churches in the smaL 
towns of America. A Kansas small town look-j 
ed into that matter not long ago. It found its 
churchgoers were living as far as fifteen mile^ 
out. A few years before, the limit was wel 
under five miles. 

The automobile has helped beyond e.sti^ 
mate in offsetting the effects of a churchlts 
countryside. It has enabled countless familif 
to hear the word of (k>d on most Sundays o^ 
the year when such a privilege would have 
been a rarity without it. 

A fact the critics seem to have overlooked 
is that the automobile can take people toj 
ehureh as well as away from it. It all depend! 
on which way they want to go. — The Count rj| 

Washington Letter 

— The next session of Congress, which 
scheduled to open in December but wliiclj 
may open a month or two earlier provided 
the clamor for a revision of taxes do 
not subside, promises to be a chaotic, unhall 
anced and hectic session according to Edwf 
B. Reid, Washington representative of Ik 
American Farm Bureau Federation. Tax« 
tion, cooperative marketing, transportation 
and other problems are scheduled to mali 
lire more interesting to the law makers ar 
more worth while to the farmers. 

SHODDY.— The General Federation of Wot^ 
en's Clubs at a recent meeting endorsed th 
branding bill introduced in Congress last wi^ 
ter by Congressman Merritt, of Connectieul 
This is the bill promoted by New En<j|;lan 
woolen manufacturers and slioddy interrMii 
It permits the use of wool shoddy in :al>ri^ 
labeled "all wool." 

Senator Capper introduced a revised tiu^ 
in fabrics bill which had the approval oi 
the agricultural organizations. 

The National Grange has asked the voi^ 
en's clubs to state what influence indiinj 
them to favor the inferior bill which wm 
Ijtnefit mither producer nor the consiuij 
when they had an opportunity to go on reioij 
in favor of a real textile hniuding ui-asiirel 

— The percentage of children of school airfi 
school in this country is increasing. Fiirml 
given out by CommissiiHur of Education Jo' 

Jii:y 11. 1925 

J. Tigert bHow that In 1924 there 
were 29.346.000 children of school 
age in the nation, which was an in- 
crease of 2.5 per cent over 1922. 
Public Bcbool enrollment in 1924 
leached the figure of 24.076,000. 
which was 3.6 per cent greater than 
in 1922. 

It was necessary to provide edu- 
cational facilities during the past 
two years for 837.000 additional 
children. In 1924, approximately 
$376,000,000 was expended for 
butldinga and grounds, which exceed- 
ed the expenditures for the same 
purpose in 1922 by nearly 23 per 
cent. — E. E. Reynolds. 

TennstftVania Farmer 

Harrisburg Letter 

Hill la now down to' a definite basis 
of BO much a month to conduct the 
state business, and if the revenues of 
1 Pennsylvania hold up the way the 
IPinchot administration calculates 
Ithere should not be much difficulty 
labout finishing in good shape 
|eighteen months hence. The appro- 
priations voted for the various 
branches of the state government and 
approved by the Governor have been 
allocated to departments in a man- 
her which will not only assure con- 
tinuity of work without sudden reef- 
Hng of sails, ibut also that there will 
W cash on hand the latter part of 
next year. In the Department of Ag- 
riculture there ha.s been a division 
of the biennial appropriation on a 
rforty-elght per cent plan for the first 
[year and a fifty-two for the second. 

[The division of the $5,000,000 voted 
by the legislature for state aid road 
ronstruction in 1925 and 1926 has 
been apportioned by the State High- 
way Department on the basis of the 
relation the total miles of township 
and county road In a county bear to 
such roads In the whole state. Lan- 
I caster leads again, Westmoreland 
Ibeing next. There are over 81,000 
imiles of township and county roads. 
Isome 10.000 of which will be added 
■to the main highway system a year 
^ence. The money allotted must be 
latched by counties or their divi- 
pions or it will lapse. 

*rogre8.s has been made by state au- 
thorities in charge of water in a very 
material way toward cleaning up 
streams which have been receiving, 
^mtreated drainage of creameries 
lind similar plants. Tests have been 
Conducted at numerous points and a 
radual program of protection of 
Itreams where pollution menaces 
konununlties or farms is being work- 
Id out. 

Twenty field veterinarians and a 
lumber of men In ^he same calling 
Ipeclally certified for the occasion 
rill start work today in a dozen 
ounties testing cattle for tubercul- 
Bis in the greatest drive of the kind 
ver undertalten in Pennsylvania. Al- 
Bost a million dollars is available 
9r payment of indemnities the first 
|ear with chance to obtain more if 
equired. The requests for Inspec- 
|on on the area basis are the most 
ctensive known and there has also 
een a notahle increase in the Indi- 
pdual request. 

die of July with heavy movements 
commencing probably in the week 
beginning July 27th. A recent sur- 
vey among growers in the three 
counties points to a commercial crop 
of about 600 cars as compared with 
1500 cars out of the same area last 
year. The intention of growers Is to 
sack practically the entire crop this 
season, which normally means about 
ten cents per 100 pounds higher 
prices at which the potatoes will 
sell. The growers are preparing 
to grade rigidly. 

rain benefited crops decidedly thru- 
out New Jersey, this being especial- 
ly noted in Cape May and Atlantic 
Counties where only a few drops of 
rain have fallen in many weeks. Dry 
weather has reduced the yield of 
early summer berries and vegetables, 
and has retarded the development of 
other crops. In Cape May County 
the strawberry crop was reported as 
only fifty per cent of the yield ex- 
pected, due largely to the dry weath- 
er. Northern New Jersey has not 
suffered so severely altho pastures 
show decidedly the need for moist- 

borough of SomervlUe has set an ex- 
ample by passing an ordinance to 
reach those who make the highways 
unsightly by the erection or leasing 
04 sites for billboards. Tho ordinance 
provides that no s'gns or billboards 
may be erected within the borough 
limite. without the owner of the 
property and the person desiring to 
construct the boards receiving a per- 
mit from the borough council. The 
pie€8nt signs or billboards now up 
which cause annoyance and discom- 
fort will be declared a nuisance ana 
the owners held liable. The ordin- 
ance Involves some fine points of law 
with reference to owners' rights to 
erect a sign on their own property, 
and an interesting situation is ex- 
pected in this attempt to improve 
the appt-arance of highways under 
the control of the borough 

ORD. — The state highway construc- 
tion program is farther advanced at 
present than during any previous 
year since the New Jersey State 
Highway Commission was organized. 
Summary of the work to date on the 
road work under Jurisdiction of ths 
commission shows that the construc- 
tion program is forty-eight per cent 
complete as against thirty per cent 
at the same time last year. Eighteen: 
separate road contracts are now toe- 
ing carried n\i^ and eleven if these 
are being finished in advance of the 
date .specified in the contract. The 
other seven contractors have not 
reached the percentage fixed for their 
sections but a better average is ex- 
pected during July. — B. 


New York Letter 

10,000 ON RADIO. — Complete data 
1 the number of Pennsylvania 
irms equipped with radios shows 
ver 10, 000 have sets. The flp-ures at 
he end of 1924 showed 10,738. The 
argest number are within twenty or 
ilrty miles of the larger cities. 

Pyestock authorities have renewed 
Jheir fight against hog cholera and 
|re urging farmers to avoid buying 
Tom community or consignment 
^Ifs unless examinations are made 
Ind freedom from disease is aecer- 
Tilned. — Hamilton. Harrisburg. 

New Jersey Letter 

-lotato digging in the southern 
ffw Jersey counties of Gloucester, 
N>iPin and Cumberland is at least ten 
ln«f . i?*" *''^" VL«aa.\. The promise 
l * indicates that "spuds" will not 
TJove to market until after the mld- 

The Dairymen's League, in order to 
supply it.s rapidly growing market 
for liquid milk, has taken over 
16.000 pounds daily from the Shef- 
ford cheese plant at Chittenango and 
will sell It in liquid form to New 
York consumers, meaning a better 
return to the producers of that sec- 

arrests have 'been made in the cattle 
fraud case in Cortland County, and 
the two dealers are out on $1000 
bail esch. No arrests had been look- 
ed for until after the grand Jury's 

were made on charges of bribing a 
witness. The special panel of the 
grand Jury called by the Governor 
will be cal'ed in July 10 or before, 
it is expected. 

— Prizes totalling $50 are offered by 
Syracuse's leading daily for the best 
400-word letters on "How the State 
Fair Can Be Improved." It is said 
that many of the present outstand- 
ing features of the fair were brought 
about in response to suggestions by 
fanners, as the county herd exhibit?. 
and the Farm and Home Bureau ex- 
hibits. The aim is to double or treble 
the present attendance of 250,000.— 
M. Q. Feint. 

Champion X ia tha 

atmadartt mpark plug for 
Ford Cars and Tnicka 
and Fordaon Tractor*. 

lull Set 
Is Economy 

^Tl^** .*°I*** Champion is the better spark plug and 
wiH give better service for a much longer period, a 
new full set at least once a year will give more pow- 
er and speed and soon save their price in oil and gas. 

Champion is better because of its doublc-ribbrd 
sUlimanite core, special atialysis electrodes and gas. 
tight two-piece construction. 

More than 9S.000dta\crt ,tU Champions. OuimbianXlur 
dian |mc« 60 and 90c««.{. Cha^!SS^J^i fMy^rl^^^ 

Champion Spark Plug Company 
Toledo, Ohio 

WlndM>r, Ont, London r,^. 


OefiendaSle for Evcny Engine 

ff^; ^?\0H 




Disc Harrows 


Hay Presses 

The Ohio Cultivator Co., 



Save 53 Cents 
Per Ton 

A remarkable experiment just completed 

is worth 53 cents per ton more when it is 
loaded in the spreader and taken at once 
to the field. 

Every ton of manure so handled actually 
produced 53 cents more in crops than a 
ton which leached out its strength in the 
barnyard. * 

A Famous OHIO Spreader wUl pay for 
itself in a few months and after that it 
goes on earning S3 cents a ton on all the 
manure you haul for many years. 

Bellevue, Ohio 


Pennsptvania Farmer 


Good Machinery 

Gets more profit 

from your Qq||^ 

Com depends upon you and Nature for its growth. But 
when the com is developed and is ready for harvest, good 
machinery takes the place of Nature as your helper. 

A Rumely Ball Bearing Silo Filler produces better silage in less time 
and at less expense. If you don't know the remarkable features that make 
this true, iet our catalog at once. 

A Rumely Husker-Shredder husks the com clean as a whistle and 
produces a delicious, healthful fodder that animals eat with great relish. 
Many fine features developed by Rxunely engineers. 

A Rumely AU-Steei Com ShelUr completes a trio of improved com 
harvesting implements — each of Rumely quality, each designed and 
perfected to do its work the best it can be done. 

For over 70 years Rumely has been the farmers* guide to quality in farm 
machinery. Our complete line is listed below. Write for catalogs about any 
implement that interests you. Or see our nearest dealer. Address Dept. A. Y. 

ADVANCE-RUMELY THRESHER CO., Inc., La Porte, ladiana 

( locorporaud ) 

Cohuakn*. Ohio 

HarrUbnr^ Pa. 

The Ad vaaee-Rumely Uo« include* keroaeoe tracto i'a. ttemin engine*, i 
•ad rice thfcahers, huakcr ■hredden, alfalfa and clover hullen. ikki 
hullers. tilo fillers, com shellon, motor truck* and tractor wincbe* 






Dcpt. A.Y. (Incorporated) La 'occclad. 

Gentlemen: Plea*e send me your catalosi oo machinery cheeked below: 
a Silo Filler a Husker-Shredder Q SheUer 

OilPuU Tractor Q*. Separator 




Calling the Attention of 
Farmers to 


for RooAng all types of 
Farm baildings 

PKN'CO HAMPTON METAL la the greatest of all ruHt-reaUitant Irons (not 
.stPell .'111(1 is innfle from a Rjitclal furinulH that has proven IIk super- 
iority over all otherH. We hav<» made exhaustive teats for yearn ; aoll 
tfstt.H, add testa, salt air tests and weather testa and know that in Hampton 
Metal we're offering you the best that money will buy ; that Is if you 
measure value 4}y the number of years a roof will last. 

For barns, sheds, pump and tool hou.^scs, in fact all farm buildings, there is 
nothing else ao good. It is Hreproof. spark-proof and withstands the bllster- 
Ing sun, blustering winds, beating alert and driving rains alike and, if prop-^ 
eriy irroundpd Is one of the best llshtninff nafejru.ird." Cmn h# nut nn vnaily'^ 
nnd quickly and may i>« had in ail styles: corrugated, V-frlmp, Pressed 
Standing Seam. Imitation brick or istone, etc. NEEDS NO PAINT. 

Iff thara's such a thins •• rooAng p«rinan«nU]r 
it's with Hampton Metal 

You owe it to yoorself to know more about how metal is made 
and why some is better and Lasts longer than others. If you 
wish to include measurements of any space you'd like to cover 
we'll be glad to figure It and give you a price, including nails, 
and, delivered right to ^our station. 




Neshaminy Gaidens 

IfJUrs an Editor Warkm and Tklnka 


OUR melons are coming along In 
fine shape now that they hare 
started. The dry weather caused 
them to gemUnate slowly, but we 
hare a good stand and now, June SO, 
the Tines are beginning to reach out 
and a few blossoms are already ap- 
pearing. We gave them the first 
spraying the other day, using Bor- 
deaux mixture and arsenate of lead. 
Beetles have been scarce, altho there 
are enough to make us wary. We 
planted the melons In the usual way, 
placing rotted manure In the bottom 
of the hills. This, of course, cut off 
the capillary moyement of moisture 
and. owing to the lack of normal 
rainfall, the top soil was very dry 
for a long time, causing slow germ- 
ination. Next year we shall do it 
somewhat differently. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

WE} HAVE never raised melons In 
greater quantities than we could 
consume at home, but that is a good 
many. However, if the 4&0 hills do 
well thla year we will probably have 
more than our family of four can get 
away with, and we still will have 
to learn how to sell melons. This 
week's "Packer" carries the story of 
how the sales agent of Imperial Val- 
ley Cantaloupes from Colorado hired 
a bunch of chorus girls, dressed them 
in men's white Palm Beach suits and 
had them parade up and down 
Broadway, New York, advertising 
cantaloupe.s. It was a great hit, but 
we feel that that method of adver- 
tising is a little beyond our reach. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

THBRB is probably nothing more 
pleasing than the sound and sight of 
falling rain when It comes after a 
long, anxious, dry spell. For several 
days before we had rain it would 
cloud up and seem to be on the verge 
of pouring down, but nothing came. 
At last a good local shower fell — 
one-half inches at least. — and in a 
couple of days another came. That 
was more rain than we had had In 
two months before. But it was too 
late for the peas. They did not yield 
half a crop It is probably a good 
thing for all of us to suffer a little 
sometimes for some of life's essen- 
tials, else we would become alto- 
gether thankless. When everything 

July 11, 192S 

eomes our way promptly we are apt 
to tor gst' that back ot all oar Meas- 
ings is a Supreme Intelligence that is 
worthy of our constant remembrance 
and to whom man should feel ecu- 
tlnually grateful. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

JULY Is the month in which to 
begin the sowing ot cover crops. Cul- 
tivation of orchards should be stop- 
ped about the middle of the month | 
and something sown which will cov- 
er the ground until next spring. In I 
addition to conserving the soil and I 
fertility therecrf, a cover crop tendsl 
to check the growth of trees by usingl 
the moisture and fertility so that thel 
new growth matures properly beforel 
cold weather comes. At Neshaminyl 
Qardens we plan to use rape, rye.f 
vetch and sweet clover, each alontl 
and In different combinations for th«| 
different conditions. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

AIjL but aboitt five of our thirty 
acres were plowed thia spring and| 
are in either orchard or cultivated 
crops. The five acres produced aboutl 
the heaviest grass we have seen thlil 
year — alfalfa and timothy. We stack-l 
ed all but two loads in the flrldl 
where it grew with the Intention off 
baling it later, providing the 8tack-| 
Ing is a success. None of us who 
worked at it ever stacked hay beCoreJ 
but this is how we did It. The base 
was started about fourteen by twen- 
ty feet. The hay was built up rather] 
squarely, but sloping a little. Thel 
middle was kept higbesl all the time] 
and well tramped, leaving the out-j 
side as it was placed. Thla was dona 
so that the outside would settle moall 
and turn water towards the outsids 
all around. The sides were carefullTj 
raked to put all the hay stems in 
peirpendicular position so that wate^ 
would follow them downward, 
canvas cover ten by fifteen feet wa 
put on each stack and fastened bi 
tying several weigbu to the edge 
and letting them pull downward. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

IN OUR neighborhood everybody 
calls such a pile of hay or grain 
"rick." That name may be all rtghl 
but It has no authority In llterature| 
Ever since mother sang me to slee 
with the song about Little Boy Bin 
I have had a mental picture of 
tired little boy asleep under a "hay 
stack." and hay-stack it Is going 
be with me until the end. There an 
other words, also, which I do no 
take to kindly, vii.. "clear-up" f^ 
dead-furrow; "hoel-clialns" for trac« 
chains: "kettle" for bucket; "raclf 
wagon" for b»y-wagon, and other 
— 4U P. K. 



Not Fm- Sale or Trade 



Please Mention Pennsylvania Fanner When Writing to Advertiicn 

SMITH." said L "Fm muis 
afraid Old Gyp Is not for sale 
trade! The deal you offer's good enoug 
as I survey It In the rough: in fact yo 
offer more, I know,4>y eighteen dollar bill 
or so than this old horse Is really wort| 
to any man, but me. on earth; If 
were yours I don't suppose Td give tli| 
half that you propose! But Fve a purr 


"rn tell you why : Some years ago, along In May or June, or so, quilj 
late at night I Journeyed home from Cottersbnrg and South Jnome- 
meant to cross at Barney's Ridge and old and weather beaten bridge, 
crossed that bridge with good old Gyp for ages on a weefkly trip. »•( 
never had she paused before but always blithely took me o'er; but strantj 
to say this certain night she stopped as if In dread and fright, and tho '. 
then was full of pep she would not take another step! The bridge to 
seemed Just the same as it had seemed since Moses camet but there 
nothing I could say so turned and went another way! 

"I got hooie late. Next day I heard how poor old neighbor Hiram By 
had lout his life near Barney's Ridge when floating down stream wlthj 
■bridge! Yes. Byrd had come along, you see, some thirty minutes after 
the bridge went out with him on hoard and he was drowned aenr Cull 

"No. Smith, I'm very much afraid Old Gyp la not for sale or trade!"'^ 
J. Bilw. Tufft. 

[lily 11, 1>2S 


National Organization Lays 
Plans for a Busy Year 

|OWA, New England and Intermed- 
iate points met at Ocean City 
|np 25-27 for the great annual get- 
t'ther of the National Dairy Coua- 
calUd by President Munn. 
rbnisday and most of Friday was 
ten up to committee work, but Frl- 
night the conference was thrown 
pn to guests and the ballroom of 
^el Flanders was crowded. Some 
perhaps come from mere curloe- 
but no one left before the close 
the pi'O0ram except one reluctant 
per, summoned by an S O 6 to her 
jng baby. 

Deligfatfol Fihns Shown 

iReportB of work and plans." How 

'it sounds! But a whole roomful 

thrilled by the dramatic presenta- 

New England brought a motion 

Lire story of two young folks who 

ted housekeeping on the prize 

ey earned by their essay on ice 

■e Philadelphia Interstate Dairy 
ell presented several brand new 
|th plays. In the first, a vege- 
woman's clever chant, her wise 
ksel and the beauty of her wares 
rerted the chef who had come a- 
■etlng for pastries and sweets. 

Bch Dressmaker Wias Chuckles 

"style show" presented the gar- 
kts recommended by Madam 
llth, the French dressmaker, for 
^y hour in the day, beginning 

"bubbles of soap" and "flowing 
perles of water" in the morning, 
tooth-brush pendant, the nail- 
Pta bracelet, the vanity bag con- 
ing of a baked apple in a little 
\l, — these were a few of the lu- 
pous features added to costumes 

an artist had designed. The 
pncb dressmaker" drew delighted 
^kles from her audience. 

imunity singing of heahh 
•s phowfd how much enthu^iaem 
[been pent up in the gathe/ing. 
[rafter." rang. 

A Badio Talk 

kturday morning's session was 
'i by a "radio talk" written by 

^fe-fsor Happy." "EUirly morning 
f^rs." the weather report told us, 
becoming more and more com- 
'Wall Street is excited over 

lnrre,nf«t<! demand for milk." An 

lane reported step by step a race 
again! t tremendous odds, by 
boy who had been practlEing 

Ih habltf. 

Irdly. as it seemed, had we taken 
b breath after the "race." when 
btion to adjourn was in order, 
Ithe CQuncil started on another 
Is work for producer and con- 
Vr.— I S. H. 

PennaytVtutia Fanner 


Monickers on Honor 

This Is 

lot a "No Tresp«siing Si|;n" 
Play Fair 


^'R!i with the wording shown 
i*' posted on the property of W. 

owland, near HoUaad Bri4K». 
se te mMnc forest trees aa« 


Com Machines 

The wonderful efficiency of 
Machines has a great deal to do with 
making com the money crop it is. 
Save time, hard toil, costly labor 
charges, and corn, by using this 
modem equipment: 

FIVE to seven acres a day with a one-man outfit, and the one man^does the 
work of a half dozen men with com knives. McCormkk and Deering Com 
Binders are light, strong, substantial, and of roller-bearing light draft. 
What is more, they do clean work, have ample adjustments for tall and ^lort stand, 
pick up the down stalks, and they make neat, easy-handled bundles. 
Both the McCormick and Dcering are equipped with a snwoth-working bundle 
^mer and they can be fitted with wagon elevator, tongue truck, etc. These two 
binders have been standard for years. The McCormick binds the bundles verti- 
cally and the Deering binds tiiem lying down. 

TX7HERE silo filling is done with KcCormKk- 
V V Deering skill and experience, a good, fwt, and 
economical job is assured you. Mc€ormick-Deering 
Ensilage Cutters are designed on the simplest prin- 
ciples. They cut the com to the desired lengtiis, do 
big-capacity work with maximum safety, and they 
stand the gaff year after year. They have been do^ 

it for years, by the thousands. 

Steel firame construction, with boiler-plate steel flywheels. The knives are on the 
flywheel and the cutting and elevating is done in one operation, saving power 
Built in five sizes; capacities 3 to 25 tons per hour; power 6 to 25 h. p. 

V yon want to shred yonr fodder after huaibnic, note that thc«e capable tanakers 
and shredders are made in 4, 6. 8, and lO-coll sisaa; for individual and custom work. 

THE sensation of the com belt these daj^ istheMcCormick- 
Deering Com Picker which win go through )rour standing 
com, husk it cleaner than hand buying, and do it at the rate 
of 6 to 10 acres a day (depending on whether you use horses 
or a tractor). One man does that. Add a boy or two with wag- 
OD& and your crop is harvested and stored— and the expen- 
sive Harm help problem solved. Write for com picker catalog. 

Ste the McCormkk-Deering Dealer 

•'•• f|iynrigianJ) »— , 

S3 Brinch Hootm in ftf U. S : Ifw loMowii* ). P«iiH»f*»|. rinw, »rrrtf«»_ 
Elmira. HiiTitban, P1iitadrl»li>«, Pin>kiir«i> 



Omt •/ Afpit$ 

h coiumtini the Culh mi 

WmdfM mto CidtT 

Farqahar HydrnBlIe CMtr Prennca 
?*"'.,"* .*'■*'' ••ro"?. ■a* d«- 

urr on t-ach sftaarp Inch of eUtrnr. 
ijii-r.'fore iret more, better aid 
rlrher rider. 

Oar pre««e« are eatlly liiatalled, 
«»»«apy Httle space aad are operat- 
ed with arerafre labor and farm 

Ballt In stae* from M to 4«« barrel* 
P»r day. 

Let ■■ know yoar rcqalrviTeutfi for 
we eaa •appl.v yon with a pr«-s<« fi> 
meet jroar neeilK; also Apple Rattrr 
Cookers flrapr and Tnmoto Crooh. 
•r«, Evap«rator«, Back*. Cloths, etc 

A. B. FARQUHAR CO., United 

■— !<• YORK, PA. 




^-™\?iy^w ^ ^ inspose. a. It « mach faster dian urnig an ord- 
mary «te«I fane fork and saves the trouble and time spent ui clcanina the 
fanes with the foot, and n much SAFER around LIVE STOCK 
It is .1^ best for STRAW. CLOVER. ALFALFA and FLAX. it is weU 

For aal* by Hardware & Implement Dealers. 

M.d« by MITCHELL MFG. CO. MUmUbtirf. Ohio 


wJwa writag to aJv trti— . 



Om and twa iw 

— - - - i.B«ra 


^Durabbt —»f to 
iM* treat «ft 
Many 9^amm, 

baiM, belt. I 



2lliM,»pit.. S. .QMmf , IN. 

ft— 28 

Pennsylvania Farmer 

July 11, 1921 

July 11. 1926 

Pennsylvania Farmer 





You have no idea how fast potatoes and onions c»in be 

graded until you see a Boggs in action— 75 to 700 bushels 

per hour, according to size of machine. Even the smallest 

Boggs models will do the manual labor of from 3 to 5 men. 

You can dump potatoes into the power machines by the bag or 
barrel without overloading them. And the Boggs can be operated 
continuously, for as soon as one bag is full you sintply push the de> 
flector over the empty bag at the other side. 

With a Boggi you can tort and grade round and long potaton into No. 1 and No. 2 aize* 
with less than 3X variation from Government gradei. It can't bruiie or injure even 
green nock becauiie potatoes are tenderly carried over our endless patented belt without 
any shaking. Made in six model*, $40 and up, to be operated by hand, motor or engine. 

Writn for intermating Booklmt 

Boggs Manufacturing Corp^ 22 Main St, Atlanta, N. Y. 

Factorias Atlanta, N. Y. — Octroii; Miim. 

7/ie StomAi/ii Gic/dei 



You double the value of 
manure with a John Deere 
Spreader, the spreader with 
the beater on the axle. Ma- 
nure goes just about twice as 
far as when spread by hand 
and increases the yield per 
acre because it isspreadevenly, 
heavy or light to meet the 
needs of every field. 
' Get on the spreader, drive to the 
field and in 3 minutes' time the load 
it off — no hard work of hit-and-mist 
spreading with a fork. 

Buler to Losd — only 36 inches to 
the top of box — 6 to 10 inches lower 
than others. 

EiMier on th* Tsun — High drive 
wheels, 4 to 8 inches higher than 
others, lighten the draft. Load rolls 
back to beater on many rollers — no 

Doas Bett«rWork— Revolvingrake 
which requires no power prevents 
bunching. Beater, low to ground, 
doe* not lift manure high in air — tide 
winds do not cause drifting. 

Ltsta Loncsr. Beater drive en- 
closed in dust-proof case and operates 
in oil bath — lasts for years— no chains, 
no clutches, prortirolly no adjust- 
ments to make— strong, rigid frame. 

See the John Deere at your dealer's. 

son, FXSTIUZKK8— Valuable 
booklst tree. Also, nt foldar de- 
SGribinjr spreader, write John 
Deere, llolhie, IlUnola, and aak for 
Booklets SM-636 





in artlon. Ea.><ity applletl 

Quick nnd rnm|il(H« 
wltli drill or uprcadcr 
on till' market. 

Wrtte tmlav for prioe<< and tmUmoniaU. 


CHARLES TOWN, Jcflrrian County. W. Va. 

Feeds Are 
?^^^^ Important 


Oc 7ACKCD 8' i 


We have on hand at 
all times ready-mixed 
Chirken and Pigeon 
feeds or separate in- 
gredients for your 
own mixing. 

WrUr in for com- 
plete price litt. Cel 
on our acltoe rrtail- 
Ini litl. 
mm. 6. SCARLETT t CO. 
A- 22, Baltimore. Md 

Reading Bone Fertilizer 

Quality Sereiee Satisfaction 

High Grade Fertilizers, 

Reading Meat Meal, 

Kil-Tone Sprays 

(This trade mark mrans guallU) 

Rtidlof lOBt PerUliMr Co., Kttdlnt. Ft. 

i s Ir rmtr j^ 
Isr for ''L 

A i 

lleartlns Boss 




•SAVE 50% 

Modem Equipnenlj 




%M-P North IMh M., Philadelphia, Pa. 


strswtwrn. Ka^rhprn. BUrkt)<'rr>. flrapr. flniM^t' 
ry. Currant iilants for SfirtcmlxT snd Ortolxr |i|».it 
injr. ol'ry, ('iitiltf1nwt.r. ]tn)^M<lii Siinutu, Kalo. Ciili- 
bsjie. Kf: risiit. IVpiht plmt, for Julv iilantlni.-. 
llollThoek. I»dr>lilnhiTn. r«nlrrhur> liells. riioLi. 
Hsrdv ChrvsanUiPmnm. nii'"<llni; H>-»rt. Poiclmi.. 
OricnUI ropiri snd tir> otln'r kind* nf rerranlal fliiw- 
1 r i.l«>iN f r siinmipr ami ta'.l plnnllnt.'. all in-r- 
r«yilv tnr<\\ . lliins imt ilonn ilurino wlnirtr. Rnsni. 
Shriilv Mnl •(• i,|.im!«. r«talnrii« trrr. 
HARRV B. SOUIRCS. Haaietoa Bays, N. Y. 


Krom pure bred, inspcetrd SJDd rullrd flock*. C. «). li. 
stilpmeats. Mva DcUtctt UuanntewL 
frU-fw on 25 
wutie ana urtfwn iie.:a»r&a. , ,,.|j.5e 

Rsmd lM)MiMUUi Ttonks 3.0« 

Itbixli! Iklanil lloM 3 00 

Wliltp I'bnvMiUi lUxtu 3.M 

Whito \V>tndiitl«s S.nO 

Uixod < hiok* 2 2.'> 

Kri-i rauicie aud irint on Uraer lot*. 
Box 103. Bcllstonts, Pa. 




» <i.tMi 






IS. 00 







Prlcts effwtln June 1st. 





tO.OO MO.OO tflO.OO 

100' Lire IVIIti-n Guar. PoHtnatd prtraa 15 

I VVbile. Iitovi ttuir and Black I<eshoma, 

BUt* Minnms ILSO 

Ilmrcl « \Vh HopJis. H. C. * K. r Iliida, \Vh. 

•>V\«ndi.)i'-«. Orplnirtnns. 8. S. lUmliunu 3 ftO 
• a Ilstrb mery Monday until Auai^t It Vi.ii »il| nmVr 
»t til. t iru"- iii.i^r rUht frtm ihis art. n<?f riy Nallt>n»l Hsnk. To hfli. lu nil order* iimDnitlv naim- 
fiM. sonmd aL4 ihlnl ctoiii'. tn m<e of khormte "" '"" arlety we r»n llien fill on snotlirT rhitirr. K.'nd 
for rquifx." LANTZ HATCHERY, BOX K, TIFFIN. OHIO. EstaMishad lOM- 

550 10.00 4S(0 0500 
'•d DioDcy on tbpse Chfdk* 

Garden and Truck Crops 

W. C. PELTON, Stg£F Contributor and Adviser 

Maonger Fomoas Gardens, Newark, Delaware 

Army Worms in Corn 

We have a pest wo believe to 
be the army worm in our corn 
and potatoes. W« have had 
them for two or three years and 
they arc worse this year.- S. O. 
H., Chester County. Pa. 

After the army wormB have enter- 
ed a field there is nothing that can 
be done, so far as I know, to check 
them. In this county the movements 
of the army worm have been check- 
ed by plowing a furrow across the 
path of the worms and drawing a log 
up and down this furrow to kill the 
worms that gather. This is an old 
method that protects clean fields 
from the attacks of the array worms, 
Vut, of course, it will do no good 
after the worms are In a field. 

Double Dose of Poison Worth Trying 

I haTe been told that a parasitic 
fly works on the caterpillars and that 
the files are now appearing, A double 
dose of Paris green or arsenate <^ 
lead Is worth trying on the potatoes, 
but on the corn it would be imprac- 
ticable to use these poisons. 

Aside from trying a heavy applica- 
tion of poison and hoping that the 
parasites will get busy right away, I 
think there is little you can do if 
the worms have appeared as an army 
and not as scattered individuals. — 
W. C. P. 

disease lives In the soil for a lot 
time. It is said that the varletiJ 
Houser and Volga, which are rTstJ 
'by several seedsmen, are partly 
sistant to yellows. Within the li 
five years resistant types of wint 
cabbage hare been developed in 
West and are on sale by westej 

There is no method of contii 
other than the use of resistant vaj 
ctiea and strains, excepf that, 
course, clean plants are set on unlj 
fected soil, there can be none of 
disease. — W, C. P. 

Drought Favors Yellows 

Will you please tell me what 
la wrong with our cabbage? The 
leaves turn yellow, then drop 
off. The stalk turns dark and in 
a few days it is dead. We sf.t 
other plants in where soma died 
.and they got the pame way and 
died.— 'H. W.. Franklin County. 

From your dcbcriptlon I Judgo that 
thi cabbage Lr.s the disease known 
as yellows. The dry weathf-r of re- 
cent weeks has been favorable to the 
development of the yellows disease. 
whJIe othor ( with which it 
might be confused increase more rap- 
idly in wet weather. 

Varieties That Are Resistant 

There is no way you can treat 
your plants or your field that will 
prevent injury by yellows, as the 

Rape Grows Quicklyl 

I have a flve-acre field of cornj 
that I plan to use for hoggingi 
down next fall. Can I increase! 
the amount of feed secured froni 
this field by seeding some for- 
age crop In the field? — R. C. J., 
Dauphin County, Pa, 

In many sections where the ho 
ging down of corn is extenair^ 
practiced It is customary to 
Dwarf E^ssez rape at the time of X.\ 
last cultivation. Just before cultiv 
tion the last time, seed about fl^ 
pounds of rape to an acre. It shoq 
be seeded by hand or with a ".shd 
gun" seeder. The last cultlvatil 
should be shallow so the seed 
not be covered with too much soil.| 

If there is sufficient moisture^ 
rape w^ll grow very rapidly and sd 
ply an abundance of additional fel 
for the hogs. This forage is higbl 
protein and will reduce the amoq 
of protein supplement necessary 
have the hogs gain well on the co 

Other ciojH such as soy beans ; 
used extensively in many sectio 
To get the best results from 
beans, however, they must be 
derin^ on maturity when fed 
for that reason should be plan^ 
with the corn. There is no other i 
that will grow as rapidly as the 
and prove as satisfactory. — W. 


John — ^I Jiut bought a 

with two pairs of pants, 

Jim — Well, how to you like nH 
John — Fine, only it's too 

wearing t^o pairs. 

No bigamist can fool all his wl^ 
all the tlm>, — Exchange. 

With the County Agents 

Please Mention Pennsylvania Fanner When Writing to Advertisen 

COUNTY AGENT R. R. Bumter re- 
ports that I>auphln County now has 
three septic tank forms for u«e of farm- 
er* in the county. One form h.ia been In 
use In the northern part of the county 
and another in the central sfctlon. The 
third, recently constructed under the sup- 
ervision of J. R. Ilaswell, of State College, 
will be available for the use of farnicra 
In the southern section. DurtnR the last 
eighteen months septic tanks have been 
put In at the rate of one per month in 
Dauphin County. With the three forms 
avall.nble, it Is expected thnt the number 
constructed will be doubled by the end of 
the year. 

• • • 

To determine the Interest of Jefferson 
County farmers In cow testing association 
work. County Agent J. P. Wlnslow asked 
the dairy project leaders to meet with the 
vxecutivt! committee. Besides the project 
lefiders. forty additional farmers respona- 
ed, of which thirty-two signed up for the 
urganlscatlon of a cow testing association. 
Th<( organization will begin activities .is 
mun as a tester can be secured. 

Clarion County community dairy lead- 
ers h.'ive adopted as their goal. ' More 
«ow testing nsHoiiations and fewer .icrub 
bulls," nccordlnir to K. K. Miller, county 
.agent. At a meeting of the executive 
committee and the community dairy lead- 
ers. E. B. FItts, In charge of dairy «%- 
tension at the Pennsylvania State Col- 
lege, spoke about dairy projects which 
might l>e Included In the year's work. 
After an interesting discussion it was de- 
cided that one additional cow t«atlBK aa- 

Boclatlon and one or more calf 
shoi.'M be organized and that a con 
wide purebred sire campaign shouldl 
Included In the program to rai::; 
standard of dairying in Clarion Counl^ 

• • • 

Tentative plans have been made I 
County Agent P. H. Bprenkle for lh*J 
nual tour of the Bucks County 
Growers', Association. The plans r.ill| 
the visiting of orchards in which spr 
nnd dusting demonstrations have 
conducted and where, If possible, 
storage cellars can be inspected. 

• • • 

AeearttB g to Cnmttj- Ag-tit ^ ^ 
Dowcfl, tSOO pounds of wool 
graded In Somerset County by Wj 
Connell. of State College. Threo 
were spent In grading the wool at 
ent pinoes In the county and It I 
concentrated at Meyersdale anil 
One-eighth, one-fourth, and three-<'irf 
blood sold for .476 cents per fouml. 
rejects brought .SS rents per poutul. 
Is the first time that the county mikJJ 
been praded and the results were 
satisfactory to the sheep grower? 
participated In the iiool. 

• • • 

County Agent O. P. Miller st:i<<^ \ 
Susquehanna County will stHin b' 
for the area test for the eradif itl<^ 
tut erculosis. Ninety per cent of lh- 
cattle owners In twenty-three town 
have already signed up for the test] 
but four townships remain to l>e ciR^ 
ed. Committees have been orgiwi* 
these townships and the work pf se 
•lcnatur«a has be«n started. — B. 



Staff Contributor and Adviser ,1, . ^--,| i,,,., 

KIrby Poultry Farm V^^ ■^fr'V^'^'WJ^ 

Beating California at the Egg Game 

(Continued from page 3) 

lonths with an attendance of over of 14,000 to 18,000 pounds each It 
[000 people. was stated that 13,000 carloads of 

WnM W«,.M'. To^^«8f TV,» «S1,«™ poultry, valued at $75,000,000, come 

Hold World S Largest Egg Show mto New York each' year, and that 

Every year there are in Pennsyl- there is an increase In consumption 

mia a large number of local county of six per cent yearly. Most of the 

;g exhibits, held In conjunction poultry shipped Into New York cdmes 

from points beyond Chicago, 

Other places of interest were visit- 
ed such as the Atlantic Coast Poultry 
Producers and the Pacific Coast Poul- 
try Producers' headquarters. At the 
latter the farmers had an opportun- 
lincreased 738 dozen and was, with- ity to see eggs that were produced 
It doubt, the largest egg show held on the Pacific Coast and shippen 
■|the country anywhere. This yeai 3500 milfs. arriving in excellent con- 
' size of the exhibit was increased flltion. The eeg auction at this place 
1215 dozens. Fifty-three of the was also attended. Four thousand 
kty-seven counties of the sUte were cases of eggs were sold within forty- 
■jiesented In this display. This rec- five minutes. 

fith farm products shows and fairs, 
even years ago the first state egg 
kow was held at Harrlsburg with 
Inety dozen eggs on display. In 
lur years' time the size of this ex- 
Iblt increased 173 dozen. Last year 

was exceedingly good for a show 

lid in January, as production was 

Iceedingly low at this time and 

^rmers were receiving sixty to sev- 

ity cenis per dozen for their eggs. 

I The purpose of the egg show is to 

iphasize the importance of placing 

"real" product on the market. 

le principal aim this year was to 

heate a greater appreciation of the 

prket demands. It is surprising to 

>te the great improvtment that has 

^k).>n place in the quality of eggs at 

lis show in the past five years. 

A new feature this year was a 

Hew Flats Carry Best 

Visits were paid to mnny cf;g 
dealers with whom candling, grading 
.and propfr packing of eggs wore dis- 
cussed in detail. Several had sent a 
orate of eggs to their dealers with 
dlrectionp that it shoti'd not be 
openid until they arrived. These 
crates were opened and it was inter- 
esting to note that the < pgs were 
not always in the best of condition. 

In order to cut down the monot- 
ony of poultry and egg-^ on this trip, 
the poultrymen were Kiven The op 

ore card on which the Judges scor- portunity to visit one r f the largest 

~" steamships afloat, the Berengaria, 

This ship is 900 feet long, 150 feet 
wide and carries over 3000 passen- 

The poultrymen left New York 
a great deal more contented; they 
felt that the commission men were 
quite honest after all, despite their 
discouragements at times. 

Every producer of eggs who is 
shipping In any large qualities to a 
distant market would find it money 
well spent to visit the market, meet 
his dealer face to face and see the 
many steps In the "Journey of the 
egg" from the time it leaves his farm 
until it gets to the ultimate con- 

eggs in each display. The score 
\rA showed how one man's egga 

ipared with another's, as they 
ere placed on a comparative basis, 
kese cards, signed by the Judge, 
kre mailed to each exhibitor and 
ke a great help in letting him 
kow in what points his entries were 
pak or strong. 

[eystone Eggmen Visit Markets 

)ne tJf the largest groups of Penn- 
Ivania poultrymen ever assembled 
jde a visit to the New York poul- 
and egg markets during the win- 
One hundred thirty-nine people, 
luding sixteen county agents, 
le this trip. Twenty-four coun- 
ot the state were represented 
the average number of hens kept 
each poult ryman was 924. 
»e American Railway Express 
ipany, of New York City, cooper- 
■ with the Poultry Extension De- 
[•tment in putting across this trip. 
Ws were chartered to take the 
kup ahout the city. Two motor- 
[le policemen guided the busses 
traffic was held up to give usi 
right of way. 

'he trip wa.s planned to show the 
irr.« every step necessary in tak- 
t'Kgs from the express terminal 
I the ultimate consumer. The first 
fee visited was the express termin- 
lin Jersey City, Twenty-five crates 
Ire opened to see the condition In 
llch esgn nrrlvpH T* wns vorv fn- 
|esling to find that eggs shipped 
Ini points a.s faf west as Oklahoma 
Hved in almost as good condition 
[many eggs shipped from Pcnnsyl- 
'ia and some were even better, 
reason for this was that the 
lahoma shipper used new crates, 
|8 and fillers, while the Pennsyl- 
^ia shipper used second-hand ones. 

Visit Poultry Farm 

J"he immense live poultry yards at 
»okpn were visited the same 

Chicks Lose Vitality 

My four-week-old chicks seem 
to lose all their vitality. Their 
wings hang down and the fuzz 
on their heads' stands straight 
up. They close their eyes and 
stand around all drawn up. 
They have no diarrhea or lice. 
— E. O., Cheater County, Pa. 

The chicks may have coccidiosis 
which is easier to prevent than cure. 
Feed sour milk and avoid overcrowd- 
ing the chicks. The colony house 
that protects 300 to 500 baby chicks 
may be very overcrowded when the 
chicks are four to six weeks old. 

A wet mash containing one-fourth 
pound of Epsom salts for each 100 
khk'iis iiia> be jielpfui. CK-an and 
spray the colony houses often so the 
chlck.s will eat as lllllc dirt and lit- 
ter 08 possi-ble. Provide u range on 
clean soil. It helps to keep chicks 
healthy if they have a range that has 
been plowfd and cropped and not 
used for poultry for a year or two. 

Perform a postmortem on the 
chicks that die and note the condi- 
tion of the internal organs. If you 
use a home made mash containing 
ground oats, be stire to sift out the 

— ^ hulls, 1 bellere chicks often die from 

n'ng. Sixty-ono carloads of poul- Indigestion and sour crop due to fill- 

hart arrived at this terminal the ing up on indigestible material like 

[" previous, each car containing the parlLiIIy ground oat hull^ found 

to 5000 birds, or a net weight In some home-made mashes, — B,.Q.K. 


Feed Ful-O-Pap 
Chick Starter fir»t 
•ix week*, for itrong 
bonet and iwift 

Feed Ful^^.p 
Fine Chick Feed 
from lecond to sixth 

Peed Ful-O.P«B 
Growing Ma«h 

from sixth wrek 
tfarougb five toonths 

Peed Fui-O-Pep 
CoarceChick Feed 

from thcs:ix(!i wrrk 
to the fifth month 

Begin f rrding Ful- 
O-Pep EsR Mash 
at fifth month and 
feed alt year round 

Peed Ful-O-Pap 
Scratch Grain* 

ftomtixth morthon 
~ one quart per day 
toeacfa twelve bi/di 

the Big Producers 

One of the finest investments you 
can make in building up a heavy 
laying flock, is Ful-O-Pep Grow- 
ing Mash. 

This remarkable feed contains all 
the elements for sv^rift growth, strong 
bones, well -formed bodies and the 
surplus of vigor required for big and 
steady egg production. 

When your chicks are six weeks 
old switch from Chick Starter to 
Ful-O-Pep Growing Mash and keep 
them on this ration till five months 
old— then put them on Ful-O-Pep 
Egg Mash and watch the eggs roll 
out and the profits roll in. 

Read the Experience of this Successful 
Poultry Raiser: 

I have been raising poultry for six years and this spriag 
^'^1^*1*1 *"" P"'-0-PeP Feed* • trial. I batched out 
2,000 chicks startini .March 1st, and fed tbem all Ful-O- 
Pep Chick Starter. I lost less than 4^. This is the small- 
est loss 1 ever had and I give Ful-O-Pep the credit. My 
mortality has never been so low before, 

I have about 250 pullets today and they are in fine shape, 
fori keep them full of Ful-O-Pep Growing Mash. Some of 
the earliest ones are laying already, but they will be kept 
on Ful-O-Pep Growing .Mash until they are five months old. 

Aid feeding Ful-O-Pep Egg .Vf ash to my 200 odd old hem 
•nd they are laying in great shape. 

"The Ril-O-Pep Way makes Poultry Pay" is the motto 
of every thrifty poultryman. —Martin Hamon 

Some good dealer near you sells 
the Ful-O-Pep line of feeds. See him. 
Talk it over with him. He can sup- 
' ply your needs. 

The Quaker Qh\s (bmpany 

Chicago, 111. 
FREE-Ful-O-Pep Poultry and Record Book 

Containing 52 pages of authoritative instructions on 
poultry raising and all of the essential points contained in 
our famous correspondence course. Send the coupon. 

' "^ rM«^e'l™?',i,V^^;?"^- ^J,-- 1»''»"'yE.rh«"^e"Bid77chrr^,~sT 
I D«>kf without obheafon, complete new Ful-O-P.p Poultty 

I Name. „.„„„...,.„ „, ..»„ . 

' Addren ««.,..,_„„„ —»«-..,.,..,_ 

I My DealCT's Nam* „.,_„„,„... 

-»---» r-Kj— ^»T~.-»— 


1ft— 30 

Tennsiftvania Farmer 

Jnljr 11, 1925J 

7uly 11. 1»26 



Conducted by 



Pennsyttfania Farmer 


In Our Consulting Room 

She Wants Her Home Cozy and Convenient 

DBAJl EDITORS: — ^Will you plan 
my house and kitchen? My 
kitchen is very cold In winter and I 
would like a pantry'and a cupboard 
for coats, ahoe-s. school books, and a 
cupboard for dlahe.-*. This is an old 
house with a center beam in the mid- 
dle. We can move the stairway. The 
attic stairwa.v is over the first floor 
stairway. There is not one cup- 
board In all the house. The sink can 
be moved. 

My husband wanted to put the 
kitchen on the pirch. the pantry at 
the north end of the house. To m- 
thls will make too much going back 
and forth. Th»'re i.^ only one chim- 
ney in the house. Everybody and 
everything comes in the kitchen. — A 
Farm Wom:\n. 

The Moves of the Game 

Plri^t of all. we will move the stair- 
way toward the front of the houi^e as 
far as possible; leaving room for just 
a little entrance vestibule at the 
front dooi. 

We will put a closet aFongrsido and 
under the stairway, for coats, shoes, 
and school books. Some hooks can be 
put up in the hall, to hold hats and 

We will divide up the old rear hall 
Into a pantry and a breakfast nook; 
using inch boards for partitions. 
The settee can probably be used for 
one of the breakfast nook seats. 

The sink will be placed under the 
windows at the rear of the kitchen, 
with drain boards at either end. 

A. cupboard will be built against 
the side wall. wber» the old sink 

Stove and oil stov-^ will nor be 

openings for ventilation; but they 
must be plugge<i up securely, when 
winter comes. 

Then, we can cover the outside of 
the house with shingles, nailed right 
in the old siding; but tliere must be 
heavy waterproof building paper be- 
tween siding and shingles. 

I know that these changes will 
make your house very much more 
comfortable In winter. — W. D. B. 






Another incentive to careful and 
effective working besides the making 
of plans and writing them out Is the 
keeping of a diary. If one is intena- 
ing to write it all down at the end 
of the day, one is less likely to en- 
Joy dallying with the tas<ks In hand 
or to leave them half done. In our 
family, we have a diary In common, 
each one writing every day the 
things he considers important, and 
the last one "fllMng the page." 

The best and most Important plan 
anyone ran make is to enjoy doin;; 
the tasks before him — and it is su'- 
prising how easy it is to carry out 
such a pTan when once really madi'I 
— Vida M. Bates. 


The "Ifs" Don't Loom So 

Large When You Work 

by Schedule 

EVERYBODY plans what he would 
do If — . plan^ are won- 
derfully entertaining for their auth- 
or, but I am thinking of more spe- 
cific and workable projects — the 
kind that Every-Farm-Woman makes - 
or ought to make. 

There are the weekly and month- 
ly plans: it is good tor the soul to 
look ahead for .some days or weeks 
and see what should be accomplished 
in that time. And then after seeing 
the work as a whole It is good to plot 
It out in one-day .sections. We all 
know interrupt ion.s may prevent 
carrying out these detailed plans but 
still It Is easier to know where to 
take up the work again after the in- 
terruption has passed if one has a 
deflnite idea of th« important tasks 

Like Passing Milestones 

With a raretiill.v planned schedule 
one can oft^n chfck off the jobs done 
and feel more encouraged to go on 

As it is now. 

moved. The talde will staTid in th>' 
middle of the kitchen. 

The*e aie the only changes that 
are really neces-sary; but we can hi I 
Some other features, if we choose. 

For exampi'', a window n)l!;ht 1) • 
cut In the pantry, another one in the 
side wall of living room; another in 
the hall, at th" foot of the stairway. 
A door from living room K» porch 
would be very convenient. 

Extras for Comfort 

By the way. yon mention that your 
kitchen is very coM in winter. This 
is probaiBly caus d by wind blowing 
thru the cracks of the siding; or per- 
haps the wind gets undor the house, 
and comes up inside the, walls and 
partitions. Of course, the floors will 
be cold. too. 

First, let us build a solid brick 
wall, four Inches thick, all around 
under the house; being careftil to 
bring it up tight .against the under 
«lde of the sin. We can leave some 

The Housewife ' Tiggers" 

\f ERY few women like to keep ac- 
counts. "What's the use?" we 
sometimes tliink. "We have to have 
the things any way. Food and fael 
and winter woolens are not like lux- 
uries or investments." "The accounts 
seem so Insignificant," we cannot 
help thinking. "A quarter for ber- 
ries. A dime for soda. It isn't worth 
a busy woman's time to fuas with, 
such trifles." 

daestions to Be Settled 

The first thing we learn when we 
keep household accounts for a tew 
weeks Is the amazing way in whicn 
these seeming trifles mount up. One 
pair of stockings or one can of bak- 
ing powder may not seem very im- 
portant. Hosiery for all the family 

A better way 

to other and more difficult ones. It 
i.s like counrlng the milestones when 
one is eager to reach the Journey's 

With some things like Christmas 
plans, one makes them only once a 
year. We begin to plan our Christ- 
mas ^ving soon after the new year 
opens: one frt^jnently Rets sugges- 
tions as to what a friend likes or 
longs for at the holiday season; be- 
sides one has so much more time to 
find the gift in the shops or to make 
it If the planning is done early. 

For such long-iihead plans It Is 
quite essential to keep written rec- 
ords. We keep a Christmas book 
which tells us just what we gave each 
one last year, and many years before, 
too. In this way one can prevent giv- 
ing Cousin Jack and Aunt Anne the 
same things year after year. When- 
ever we get a suggestion for anyone 
on the list it is written down before 
It can be fwgotten. 

or a yMir's supply of leavening ra 
resents a very respectable amount.] 

Probably every harried family 
wondered where the money go 
keeping household accounts for a tJ 
months will act like a revelaticn.f 

Doea it pay to buy staple supplj 
In quantity or balk? Or is the ea 
going method known as "from hi 
to mouth" best? Do we have a 
able and convenient place to ati 
supplies so that the lust ahall bej 
good as the first? 

Will a large supply be used 
judicioiisly as a small amount wo 
be; or will it be used with unne 
sary lavishness because we hij 
plenty of it? 

Is the difference in price woij 
while? All these things have to [ 
"Aggered out" by each indlvldij 

Computed as Percenta^fe 

"Only two cents saved on a cai 
of soap." one may argue. "Only fli 
cents on a can of cocoa." Busiaf 
men. wo are told, always conipu 
their profits and losses by perceJ 
age. That difference of two cents] 
price which seems too trifling for i 
consideration takes on a greater 
nlflratice when we find that It rep 
Ecnts a twenty per cent saving. 

Truly there are many interoatf 
and enlightening things to be lot 
ed when the housewife takes her 
in hand andabegins to "figger" on| 
housekeeping ezpenaes. — Alice 
garet. Ashton. 

Uncle Sam, New Jersey & C( 

FIFjUD DAT dawned at New 
Brunswick bright, hot and 
strangely quiet after the hubbttb of 
a three-day encampment of New Jer- 
8 ys Boys' and Girls' Club members. 
But the quiet was broken early In 
the forenoon. Cars of all sorts, buses, 
trolleys and "shank's mares" brought 
thousands of grown-ups to replace 
the hundreds of youngsters who had 
Lit the night before. 

Every party included women. Bus 
loads were made up of women alone. 
New Jersey homemakers agree with 
Uncle Sara that scientific homemak- 
ing is equal in Importance and Inter- 
est to scientific agriculture. 
women know that their citizenship 
entitles them to government back- 
ing in the study of their household 
and community problems. This gov- 
ernment backing, known as the Ex- 
tension Service, is educational work 
for which federal, state and county 
fund-s (In the counties that enter the 
partnership) cooperate In employing 
a county home demonstration agent. 
This agent, backed by state and fed- 
eral specialists, organises a program 

county agricultural agent organizes 
scientific agriculture. 

Sleven Counties Employ Agents 

Eleven New Jersey counties (and 
one city) employ . Bome demonstra- 
tion agents, and from Atlantic Coun- 
ty on the south to Sussex County on 
the north, these counties sent dele- 
gations. Friendly challenges as to 
attendance, well -planned basket 
lunches, and proportion of new dele- 
gates, rang across the campus as 
group after group chose its location 
for the noon meal. The general out- 
door assembly which opened the 

Field Day program had offered -si 
did mental food, but now phj 
hunger demanded attention. 

Home Borean Program 

The women's program in the 
noon was in charge at the 
Bureau, sister organization of 
Farm Bureau. An entertaining 
Instructive demonstration slio^ 
"How to get a Home Bureau 
ber" and answered such questloDs| 
"Why should I pay a dollar to bel< 
to the Home Bureau when I can M 
the home demonstration agent'.s 
ices anyway?" In some of our sii 
states the Home Bureau helps 
for the home demonstration 
and knows that it is making a 
investment. In New Jersey the i 
n)emfber!i.hip fee need only coven 
expenses as sending representatf 
to the cla.sses held by state spe 
Ists, to be trained to assist the M 
demonstration agent in carryingf 
work farther afield than she 
could carry It. 

A playlet. "Come into the 
en," written and acted by Bel 
County Home Bureau meml| 
showed "Mrs. Always-Dirt-lt 
gradually conver^d to easier 
by "Mrs. Up-to-Date" and "1 

Dean Douglass of the New 
aey Women's College told the 
of how vision, courage and peH 
ence have overcom** lack of fu"'' 
backing, and of equipment, and < 
up a strong, growing, and splen* 
equipped college for New Jef 

A "Btlmip-cup" of a cheering] 
lawful kind was served In the ' 
economics ofllces of the Bx*'* 
Building to speed the yuesU on r 
homeward way. — I. 8. H. 

When You Move to the Porch 

Dainty Covers Made from Sugar or Flour Sacks 

THE hot summer days make us 
think of moving to the porch for 
our meals and as thi.^ lessens the 
work in the house let us help the 
laundry work by making .some simple, 
attractive pieces to be used thru the 
hot weather. 

Your grocer can furnish you with 
sacks that flour, sugar or powdered 
sugar come in, at a cost ranging from 
five to flften cents and yon can make 
many pretty things from them. 

The flour sacks have to be bleach- 
ed and the letters washed out but 
the sugar sacks do not have any 
marks on and will be less work to 
take care of. The plain sugar sacks 
are the largest and four of them, 
hemmed on each side with a running 
Mitch or hem stitched and joined 
with a coarse Insertion, will make a 
serviceable cloth for the breakia^st 
table or for the picnic spread. 

Color Can Be Added 

They launder so easily and can be 
put in the hottest suds so they are 
really quite economical. If fhere is 
a decoration on the dishes this color 
can be carried ouT in the hem, with 
the fast color threads. 

The powdered sugar sacks are the 
smallest but they make a neat cover 
for a smaller table and any of the 

UiAiX\ M V> V;^ W(^,^.>,ggg 

sacks fringed _at both ends about one 
Inch deep, make good covers to be 
used around the kitchen or the pic- 
nic baskets. Stitch the cloth along 
the top of the fringe to keep from 
raveling. — C. S. 

Drop-Shelves, etc. 

1HAVE found hinges so useful in 
the work end of my house that I 
marrel at the Infrequency with 
which r observe them elsewhere. 

A drop-ehelf under a high kitchen 
window, where food and baked 
things can be placed to cool, saves 
many steps on a busy morning. If 
the shelf can have a covering of zinc 
its usefulness is greatly enhanced. 
When not needed it is dropped down 
against the wall and simply "Isn't" 
so far as being In the way is con- 

Tables of Convenience 

A table proved indispensable near 
•he kitchen range during the prepar- 
ation and nerving of meals. But it 
crowded the small space ahd added 
to the difllculty of sweeping and 
(leaning the room. 

My zinc-covered drop-table la ex- 
actly as convenient and. even when 
in use, leaves the floor space abso- 
lutely free. 

PVequently we And it comfortable 
nnd convenient to ©at at a drop-leaf 
table In the kitchen but the question 
Of chairs was always Intruding. 
Since extra chairs are a nuisance in^ 
'he kitchen It meant bringing thero 
each time from some other room. 

A seat hinged along one side of 
«ne room ha.«! solved the problem per- 
fectly — there when needed, out of 
th* way at all other times. 

A table on the back porch which 

had always been a convenience in 
summer and a nuisancs in winter 
finally went to pieces and needed to 
be replaced. We substituted a gen- 
erous sized drop-shelf and find it 
has all the advantages and none of 
the disadvantages of the old table. 
When not in use it is out of the way 
and there is no problem of winter 

Drop-aihelves are handy in the cell- 
ar, woodhouse and ofher storage- 
places. — Alice Margaret Ashton. 


Cooperation Stands for More 
Than Money 

AT THE annual meeting of the 
Dairymen's League held recent- 
ly, one of the big features of the pro- 
gram was a talk by Mrs. Ruby Green 
Smith, secretary of the New York 
Federation of Home Bureaus, and 
chairman of the advisory committee 
of the League's new Home Depart- 

Mrs. Smith's remarks apply with 
equal force to any cooperative eos- 
terprise. We quote a few of her 

•*Perhap8 many of you are think- 
ing. 'What good would the women be 
in 00<^»erative marketing, unleas It 
he as stenographers or milk maids?" 

*^omen have helped make or 
break the cooperatives by their sym- 
pathetic understanding or their un- 
reasonable misunderstanding.** 

*T, venture to say thai among the 
pleasantest memories connected with 
meetings of the local*, are the social 
features arranged hy the women." 

"In dollar values, each horaemakev 
on a dairy farm is doing work that 
would cost, at the present market 
prices (or women's wages: $12 a 
week for the cooking; $5 worth of 
laundry work; |5 worth of sewing; 
(5 worth of cleaning; $5 a week as 
tutor with the children's lessons; |5 
a week for the work she does as her 
husband's beat assistant; $15 a week 
as practical nurse and manager of 
all this, — 153 a week or $2756 a year 
the woman on a dairy farm earns but 
never gets." 

"The chief reason wliy the country 
has had to get along with poorer 
schools, less satisfying recreation, 
leas adequate aid to health, and poor- 
er preaching Is that the cities have 
been organized to get what they 
want while the farm families have 
only recently been getting organised 
so that thefr voices can be heard not 
only in local affairs but at the state 
capitals and at Washington. 

Cooperation Begins at Hone 

Tsaining for cooperation begins at 
home. The boys and girls of today 
who are being taught by precept and 
example to do good team work in the 
home, will be the leaders in the larg- 
er cooperative enterprises of tomor- 

Cooperation, whether it be In 
making a Home or marketing a prod- 
uct, depends for Its success on the 
extent to which members .^hare its 
duties and benefits. MaiTy coopera- 
tives die. When they do it Is beoeuse 
their dividends have been expressed 
merely in cash. — not in brother- 
hood—I. S. H. 

"What*s the height of your ambi- 

"Oh, she's a little over five feet." 
— Lafayette Lyre. 

The Season Calls for Variety 

Dlr*et)oni for Orderiac. — OWe flrnroi 
and letrrri of etch pattern eiielly »• 
printW at btciaoiac of asch d*«cription. 
Oire hiut ■•■•ar»« wh«D ordtrint waiit 
pattrrni, wiiit meatnrr for ikirt. and 
•C '•' chlldrcB's pattcrai Addraat 
pi^nntylTaaia Farmtr, 281 8 Third 
Street, PliiUdalphia. Pa. 

m;*.— A rharailB* Frerk..— Printed and 
niain silk are combined in thi.i model. On<> 
could liave tl\l9 In crepe or linen with 
■ultnhle contrasting material, or two col- 
ors of one material. Seven sizes: 34. 86, 
38. 40, 42, 44 and 4(> Inches bust measure 
A 38-Inch aise If made of one material re- 
quires 4>4 yards 40 Inches wide. If made 
as Illustrated It will require 3% yards of 
plain material and three-quarters yard of 
flRured material. The width of the skirt 
at the foot with pintta extended is 1% 
yard. Pattern, 10 centa. 

Sood for linen or batiste, and the new 
print fabrics. Four slses :' «. S, 10 and 12 
ypara. A 10-year Kise requires 3 yards of 
xj-lnch material Pattern, 10 cents. 

tISS. — Stylish Two-plere DreKH.— Flan- 
nel, washable hrnadcloth or tub silk would 
be nice for this design. Fotir sixes : 8. in. 
12 and 14 years. A Il-yesr sixp requires 
- '. yards of 40-Inch material, with three- 
eighths yard of contraaUng material for 




o'vtf ft 


MK-Mft. — An AttnirtlTp Deslfa.— 

Checked BinBh.tni and lin.-n are comhine.l 
In this pleasing model. The blouse pat- 
tern, 5005, may be finished with short 
sleeves. It Is In »\x si^w: 34, 36. 38, 40, 
4S and 44 Inches bust nWOTure. The bodice 
skirt pattern. 5045, is In four sUes : small, 
31-36; medium. 38-40; large, 4!-44 ; extrs 
large, 46-48 inches bunt meavurp. The 
width of the skirt at the lower edae l.< 
IH yard. To make this costume as llluw- 
trated In the large ^•1ew for a medium size 
will require one yard of lining 38 Inches 
wide, for the bodice portion of the skirt. 
4*4 yards of checked material, and 1*, 
yard of plain material 3> inches wide. 
Two patterns, lOc each. 

BIS*.— Klapfe and Pretty for Many Of* 
ranlOM. — ^Thls model In crepe or voile 
vlth lace or embrolder>' will make a very 
attractive "dress-up" frock. It Is alae 

collar, tab and cuff facings. Pattern. 10 

MS*. — A irtee Apron for MoMer's Help- 
"• — This model Is all In one piece, which 
makes It easy to develop and easy to 
launder. One could use cretonne or per- 
f ale with simple .>»tltchlng for a Sniah, or 
binding In a contrasting color. Five sizes ; 
4, 6, 8, 10 and 13 years. A 10-year size re- 
quires IH yard of 3fi-lnch material. Pat- 
tern, 10 centa. 

Sll»«— Cool lor Sanraer. — The new cot- 


SI 19 

ton prints are nic« for this model It will 
also develop attractively in pongee, crepe, 
tub silk and other wash materials. Four 
Sizes : 4, 6, 8 and 10 years. A six-year size 
requires two yards of 3Z-inch material 
Pattern, 10 cent*. 

Send lOf In sllter or Rtamp* for osV ap- 
•sedate sprlBv aad ••■■er IMi Book of 

The Safest, Quickest and Most 

QUEEN ELECTRIC, wstar. or h*a< 
wuktrt diva hwn dMtamd to waiti 
elotliM Vri bett and guickeit way. Evtfy 
SSMlMe fcaturt t* improw th* opcratisa 
of thCM waihen hu b««n •mbodiN 
hrouth tl<* thirty-nine ytari of oosMtm- 

rUEEN hM nort advantavn than any 
olhar waihtr. It !• moderit* ta srlos 
■ad suiat ia osoraMoa. 
Let yoar detltr domonitrat* th* QUEEN 
Hyoii or writ* ■* far d*tail*d lltwv. 


llM*ln«. Pa. e*taMM>« HM 

• Tubful 

In 4 to • 

Without worry 
bother, or 


Giiaruite«d 6Vi% CertS- 
catFs are not aAected by 
market changes. The in- 
trreot rate remain* dte 
same from issuance 
through to maturity. 
They may l>e purcbased direct froA 
Arnold aad Company at face vahto 
without the payment of broker's or 
attorney'* fcei. 

Every Arnold Certificate i* secured 
by first mortgage on improved real 
estate and a further guaranteed bf 
Arnold and Company with capital and 
surplus of ^1.2)0,000. 

luurd in amoaaa of #100, 
#MO and y 1000, to run frooa 
2 to 10 yew*. MeatUvpai^ 
menu it dc*iicd. 

Write today tat 


I 144* CYE V rt.W. 


The Fuller k Johnton Farm Pump 
Encinc \% conaidered by itt many 
tboiaaeifl* of u*er« a *uar*nteed 
water aupply far the atork. for the 
house, far apriakliiig lawn*, watering 
larden*. waahing window*, aad 
automobile*. ftreprotcction. (tc. 

Thi* encine ia air 
cooled, can't freese, 
wan t owacneat. Cones 
complete. Fits .any 

cd. No belt*. puUey* 

or extra* needed. 

Very econotniral en 

the ute of (ueL Kun* 13 

m I S bour* oa 3 quarts 

ofsaaoliac Pump* 100 

to 1 000 pail* per hour. 
Writ* for free cat^og 

17B. It tell* alt about 

tile Farm PumpEngine, 
aadlMMritis uiadtoget 
plenty of freth water. 


Enalnm Sp**MMt—K»tmUUh»d lUt 
tn Wall* St^ MMHaan, Wis.. U. S. A. 

TiTT'TinnnmniiiiriimiiiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiH— 1 


ention Pennsylvania Farmer 
when wTiting to advertisers. 


PennsplVania Farmer 






Cousin Ruth's Letter 

is something I don't know much 
about and I'm hoping you'll tell me 
what I want to know. O* course, I 
could ask nun and women who are 
In the work, but because you are 
the people most interested I'm going 
to ask you to tell me all you can 
about the clubs which have been or- 
ganized for boys and girls who live 
on farms. 

When I was a farmer girl I had 
never heard of potato clubs, baby 
beef clubs, cow clubs, pig clubs, and 
all the olhers that you wouldn't want 
to be witliout. But now that I have 
Bo many cousins that are interested 
in them. I'm anxious to know a 
whole lot about them. 

So far only a few Forum friends 
have mcntioni'd the clubs to which 
they belong but during the next two 
weeks I want all of you to let me 
know what you think of them and 
what part you took in fhem. How 
many won prizt^ last year? 

Every letter telling about your 
club work that reaches me before 
July 25 will be considered a contest 
letter and the best three will be 
awarded prizes. The winner of the 
first may have his or her choice of 
' a camera or a necklace, the second 
will receive a fountain pen and the 
third a flashlight. 

A great many of you road this page 

every week but there are other boys 
and girls who belong to clubs who 
very seldom see it, so I'm going to 
ask you regular readers to be sure 
to let everybody in your neighbor- 
hood, who is a club member, know 
about our contest. R<!cently I read 
that last year there were more than 
400 members of the potato clubs in 
Jefferson County, alone! I'm hoping 
to hear from some of those 400 and 
from every other county which 
boasts a club of this kind. Wouldn't 
it be nne to live in the county which 
.sent in the most letters for the con- 
test? If your county is to be the win- 
ner it means that all of you will 
have to get busy and either write a 
letter yourself, or if you're not a 
clwb member, see that someone you 
know who is, writes! 

Don't put It off until too late. 
Start your letter or see that someone 
else starts right away. The prizes 
will be awarded the three neatest 
and most interesting letters. Don't 
forget to sign all letters with your 
full name and address and give your 
age. Send all contest letters to Cous- 
in Ruth, Pennsylvania Fanner, 261 
S. Third St., Philadelphia. Pa., be- 
fore the 25th of July. I'm wonder- 
ing which will be the star county. 

Yours for success. 


From Forum Friends 

Dear Cousin Ruth. — I am eleven 
years old and am in the sixth grade. 
School stopped April 29 and we had 
a picnic and an entertainment be- 
cause our teachers would not teach 
any more. We have thirty-flve chil- 
dren in our school. Our teacher gave 
a present for not missing a day and 
she gave everybody a book with 
poems in. — Viola Spelllch, Lawrence 
County. Pa. 

Dear Cousin Ruth: — ^I live on a 
135-acre farm. My father and mother 
do the farming. We have four horses 
and four cows. My mother bought 
100 little chicks. We have a brooder. 

For pets I have three cats; their 
names are Squeaky. Kaiser and Rose.* 
We have many birds in our locality. 
The common birds are robins ana 
sparrows. We have a pair of wrens. 
Every summer they build in a bird 

house that my brother built for fhem. 
My brother made three bird houses. 
They are very pretty. I like to hear 
the song of the wren. We have a 
piano and I am going to take lessons. 

I was very glad to see Cousin 
Ruth's picture on our page. I hope 
we can have more contests 

Our school cloned May sixth. The 
last day of school we played many 
games and had fun. — ■ Isabella Al- 
baugb. Venango County, Pa. 

Dear Cousin Ruth and Forum 
Friends: — I am eleven years old and 
go to school at Wardville. We have 
two big black horses. We call them 
Belle and Maud. I like to ride them. 
I have six sisters and two brothers- 
in-law and one little niece. Cousin 
Ruth, I have a sister living in Phila- 
delphia, too. 

I have « little garden of my own 
which I enjoy working in. I have 
beans, tomatoes, potatoes, cabbage. 

Real Daughters of the American Revolution 

THERE are manv "Daughters of the American Revolution" thru- 
out the country but the six women, whose photographs appear 
on the plrture page are the "real thing," since their fathers were 
actually engased in the war for American Independence. 

John Storts. the father of Mrs. Maria S. Allen (A) of New Lex- 
ington Ohio, enlisted as a mere lad after his father had faHen. and 
was one of the heroes at Valley Forge. He was in thirty engage- 

Mrs. Caroline Randall (B) of Springfield, Vermont, Is the 
youngest "real daughter." Her father, Stephen Hassam, when a boy, 
' . .»., »,,..i„ f* «,,_»,„- will fr^tn ihf a»#»<»nlp «* II ripiirhr obiirch 

Later he made a gallant record in the army. 

The oldest of this group, Mrs. Louisa K. Thiers (C). of Mil- 
waukee, Wisconsin, has passed the century mark. Her father, Seth 
Capron. was a corporal on the staff of General Washington all thru 
the war. 

Mrs. Lydia Henry (D), of Poolville, New York, is the daughter 
of Thomas Purdy. who was Washington's orderly at the beginning 
of the war. The general spent much of his leisure time Instructing 
the youth. 

John Van Dolson, the father of Mrs. Helen Barrett (E) of Rich- 
land, Michigan, crossed the Delaware with Washington, served with 
Gates at Saratoga, and witnessed the surrender of Burgoync and 

The father of Abigal Strong (F), of Morris, Illinois, was Isaac 
Hugg, who served with a Massachusetts regiment. 

mangoes, and carrots. I hoe them 
almost every day. Cousin Ruth and 
Forum friends, you are welcome to 
come to see us any time. — ^Dorothy 
Curfman, Perry County, Pa, 

Dear Cousin Ruth: — I am twelve 
year old and live on a farm of thir- 
ty-eight acres so I do not have much 
to do. I have one brother, but have 
no sisters at all. 

I have two pets: two little kittens, 
they are small. The white one is an' 
Angora. It has longer hair than a 
common cat. The other is a black 
one. — Catharine Ellen Bortner, York 
County, Pa. 

Dear Cousin Ruth and Forum 
Friends: — I would like tO Join your 
happy club. I am thirteen years old 
and am in the eighth grade. I go to 
Unionville Joint Consolidated School. 
It Is about five miles from my home. 

I h.ive two sisters. One is sixteen, 
her name is Helen; the other one is 

July 11. 19251 

To be a director you have to baT« 
eleven contributors a year and they 
each have to give two new garments 
a year. Last year I had about sixty 
garments altogether. , 

The leseon I like best in school Is 
spelling. My favorite pastime ia 
drawing. I like to draw funnies and 
old-fashioned people. I think it 
would be fun to start a drawing con- 
test sometimes. — E}stber Sharpless, 
Chester County, Pa, 

I am so glad, Esther, that you told 
Forum friends about the Junior 
Needlework Guild. I expect there are 
a great many boys and girls who 
never before heard of it. Sometime 
this summer I think we'll have a 
whole page about the Guild. Perhaps 
we can get Forum friends enough In- 
terested in the work to start Junior 
Guilds near their homes. 

When we have the page I want to 
tell you about a group of Junior 
workers that I know. 

Dear Cousin Ruth and ForUm 
Friends: — I am a little girl eight 
.vcars old and I would love to Join 
your happy circle, if I may. I go to 
Wardville School at Mlllerstown. I 
am in the fourth grade and I had 
the most head marks in my class the 
whole term. I had a good teacher 
last year. 

I have six sisters and my sister 
Dorothy and I are both going to 

I have for pets two little kittens, 
Tippy and Topsy. and a little dog. 
Tiny, and a little bunny, Flo. Our 
yard is blooming with flowers. 1 
would like to join some of the con- 
tests some time. 

Cousin Ruth, some to see us if you 
can. — Leattle Curfman, Perry Coun- 
ty. Pa. 

July 11, 1926 

Pennsylvania Farmer 


Kstker l.nKe Dell, (irorne Coanljr, Pn. 

seven, her name is Elizabeth, but her 
nickname Is Betty, which she Is 
mostly called. Betty aHo goes to U. 
J. C. School and she is in the first 
grade. Helen goes to boarding school 
and she Is a senior. 

We live on a large farm and have 
about thirty cows, five horses, some 
pigs and some chickens. I take care 
of the chickens and get about forty 
eggs a day. 

I am a Needlework Guild Junior 
Director and I have to have contrib- 
utors and get garments for the poor. 

Week's Forum Members 


I'-t'LTOV rcyj.VTY.— Nellie Ewlnir. 


LAWRKNCE COItNTY.— VIol.-\ Spelllrk. 

tiKHANON COtTNTY.— Ida M. Mase. 

LUZKIINK COUNTY— Frances BaIuto^'. 


.SCHU\n>KILt. C O U N T T.— Mildred 
Hamor. Ruby Harner. ■ 

VKNANOO COUNTY. — Isabel Albaufh. 

Klizabeth Clawson. 


Cfs H.Tlnfs. 

lahan, Anna Jeanne Carton. 

rvRROLL COUNTY.— Mnrgaret Fritz. 

HARFORD COUNTY.— LotUe Griffin. 

r>i'iir Little FoikM: — You can find 
"where to ko" by noticing what letters 
ore left out of the namcB 6f the four 
cities on the right hand Bide of the wan- 
cIi-rinK road ; I think moat of you have 
beard of .tII thfse cities and will see 
quickly what letter Ib omitted In eaen 
Ciiae. Arronue the Utters you have to 
Bupply as they come In the list and you 
will have the answer. When you have 
found this an.^wer send It to me on a 
POSTAL CARD so that It reaches nie by 
YOU AUK. The ten children, sending In 
the correct answer, whose cards are the 
bert in grammar, apellins, punctuRtion. 

each be awarded a prize. Address all re- 
plies to the PUZZLE EDITOR, PENN- 

THinu .street; philadblpha. 

I'nzzle Prize Winners 

The answer to the puzzle published In 
June 20 issue of Pennsylvania Farmer Is: 

The ten prlie winners are : An)ert 
Breldenbaugh, age 11. White Hall, Md. ; 
Carl Cassel, ii«?e 10, York, I'a. ; Helen 
nnlilis, npce S, Myi-rstown, Pa. ; Margaret 
Kitlinger, age 6, TiUisville, Pa. ; Betty F. 
Roberts, aRe 10, Cliiilfont. Pu. ; Elrt.i 
Hchrelber, age 8, Coplay, Pa. ; Grace £2. 
Smith, aKe 9. Erldgeton, N. J. ; Richard 
Smith, age 8, Falls Creek, Pa. ; Boyn 
Strunk, age 8, Zionsvlllc, Fa. ; John D. 
Young, Jr., age 7, Westminster, Md. 

R little: I-OLKlcS 

uzzLE conNurt 

Now for that Stirprise 

I haye noticed that many of Our 
Little Folks send in correct answers 
which arc excellent in those things 
we mention each week — grammar, 
spelling, punctuation, penmanship 
and general appearance. — and 1 
think it would be nice to encourage 
you still further. This is the plan: 

Any one of Our Little Folks who 
sends in corr<!Ct, excellent answeis 
for six weeks straight will be award- 
ed an Honor Prize. The prize will 
be a bright and shiny "always point- 
ed" pencil with a supply of leads. 

Right now I can think of 
little folks whose names are likelv 
to appear on ibal Hojioi Roii II ui'.- 
start in and keep up the good work 
they have lead me to expect from 
them. Let's see how you like thi'^ 
Idea. Please remember that tlii'= 
prize is In addition to the weekly 
prize but that, to win it. you will 
send in six answers in six Buccessivf 
weeks. — Puzzle Editor. 

'nath eke: 

YoV &0 ■WH 

-The Navy presented two historic guns to 
New York University — the one in the pic- 
ture was u.sed during the World War and 
the other In the Civil War ^ Admiral 
Parragutfs fleet. 
— ^u^^ °^ MacMillan's Arctic expedition— 
these navy carrier pigeons, especially 
trained for long flights, are to be used 
for emergency communication. 

3. — A goat that can't be "got" — blue-ribbon 
winner and champion of champions, own- 
ed by Floyd Earwood, of Texas. 

4. — Baby Joan Davis, second child born to 
the Secretary of Labor since he became a 
member of the Cabinet. 

5. — Six real daughters of the American Rero- 
lutlon (see opposite page). 

6. — Frieda Hempel. of operatic fame, did 

(CennUM w Soduwood a XJoanwooa 
some campaigning for the free watering 
stations for animals Just outside the New 
Public Library. 

7. — The Wa.shlngton Home of Vice President 
and Mrs. Dawes. They will take posses- 
sion in the fall. 

8.— -The "Daisy Chain," a picturesque feature 
of class day exercises at Vassar College, 
Poughkeepsie. N Y. 


TennsptVania Farmer 

The Education of Billy Stream 

By Frederick William tVallace 

CfirTlcbt, BOIlDEB * STOUGBTON. Ltd., CHMda 


SETTING the reefed mainsail was 
a terrible Job. The piece of can- 
vas was frozen solid on the eixty-foot 
boom, and the men pounded It clear, 
tied the wire-like reefjwints, and. 
after knocking the ice olT the hal- 
yards, hauled the sail up with lurid 

"There, darn ye," they prowled. 
"Drive the barge for whatever port 
yer eddlcated skipper kin fetch!" 

"Now, get busy with those Ice- 
mallets and keep pounding!" bawled 
Billy, taking no notice of the re- 

Running before a heavy eea with 
the reefed mainsail on her caused 
the ice-laden craft to perform some 
hair-curling antics, and the men 
pounding ice glanced apprehensively 
every now and again at Stream, who 
had the wheel. It was ticklish work 
steering the logy schooner, but 
Stream was equal to it and held her 

"Where are we goin', Billy?" ask- 
ed Wilson. "Ye ain't headln' for an 
American port on that course." 

"No." replied the skipper. "She's 
heading right for the open sea. 

"Where in blazes for?" 

•"The Gulf Stream. Johnny." 

"Th* Gulf Stream." echoed the 
other in amazement. "What's the 

"Warmer weather, Johnny." re- 
plied the skipper. "In a few hours 
we'll get into it and this ice'll melt." 

When the gang heard the news 
they laughed the idea to scorn. 

"Who ever heard of sich a crazy 
notion?" said a man. "This is some 
o' his noo-fangled college Idears. 
Here we are runnin' away to blaze- 
an'-gone offshore. Let's make him 
fetch her up and run for Portland or 

They went aft in a body and sug- 
gested it. 

"That's no use." replied Billy 
grimly. "This area of low tempera- 
ture will prevail all down the New 
England coast as far south 4'\s New 
York. Just as ttoon as we run west 
again we'll strike it. We'll keep to 
the fiou'-southwest until the wind 
shifts from the northerly board — " 

"Aw, that be hanged. Skip!" ex- 
claimed a man. "Ye read that in a 
book. Fetch her up an' head In- 

"You go ahead and pound Ice." re- 
torted Stream. "I'm master of this 
craft and I know what I'm doing." 
The men began to murmur among 
themselves and Billy recognized the 
fact that he must assert his author- 

"Here, Johnny Wilson." he cried. 
"Take the wheel and hold her! Now, 
fellers, get busy with your ice mal- 
lets and no more guff." 

A young fisherman stepped for- 

"Say," he growled. "Who d'ye 
think ye're talkin" to?" 

Stream answered him by a well- 
directed punch on the Jaw and the 
man fell to the deck. Billy stood 

over him as he rose to his feet. 

"Want another crack?" he snap- 


"Then don't question my doings. 
Get to work, the gsng of you, and 
clear that ice away. Refuse, and m 
sail in and lick the lot of you!" 

It was a bold speech, and Billy 
knew it. There were men among his 
gang who could have eaten him if 
they were so disposed, but the cir- 
cumstances were too serious then for 
men to commence brawling. Besides 
that. Stream's confident manner Im- 
pressed them and they went back to 
their work of ice-pounding without 
any more words. 

Towards evening the temperature 
rose and the ice began to melt. The 
wind still breezed hard, but the air 
Became perceptibly warmer and D« 
more ice made on the schooner. 

"Aft here, boys, and take In your 
mains'l." shouted Stream. "We'll 
heave her to here!" 

AT MIDNIGHT the red light of » 
sailing vei^sel appeared on their 
weather quarter and an ice-coated 
schooner stormed past. 

"What vessel's that?" hailed Bil- 

"Reglna of Gloucester! Who's 

"Jennie Anthony of Anchorville!" 

"Hard weather," shouted a voice. 
"Had to run off here to get clear of 

"By Jupiter!" exclaimed one of 
Stream's gang. "That's Ansel Wat- 
son's vessel. He's a h".gh-line Gloa- 
cesterman and I cal'late he knows 
what he's doing when he runs oft 
here. Skip, ol' dog, Tm sorry 1 
doubted yer idear. You knew what 
was best, arter all." 

Stream said nothing, but when 
morning broke and showed five fish- 
ing schooners around them hove-to 
on the edse of the Gulf Stream, he 
felt that the sight was sufficient 
testimony to his good Judgment. 
When the wind hauled to the 
west'ard and they made sail again 
Stream had graduated as an able 
man in the opinion of his gang. 

For three days they "warmed it 
to her" as the saying Is. and came 
storming up the bay and into Port 
Anthony in fine style. Uncle Ben 
was over the rail ere the schooner 
was anchored. 

"Thought ye were lost In that 
breeze." he cried. "H'ard nawthin' 
of ye sence th' fleet came home. Jup- 
iter! I'm glad t* see ye. How much 
fish have ye got. Eighty thousand! 
Good work! "There's none to be got 
now. Nary a vessel or boat out for 
th' last ten days. Th' fleet Jest went 
only yesterday mornln* an" yer ol' 
man's crazv to git some fresh stock. 

"to he?' ?ald Billy. "Then sell 
him our trip." 

"At the market price ?•* 

"What was it last?" 

"Two and a half cents a pound for 

"Ask him five. If he really needs 

it to fill his orders. Im'U kave to 

"Wait a second and ril telephone 
him," said Uacle Ben. In a minute 
he came back. "He says it's a hold- 
up, but he'll take it. That'll male 
a dandy stock for your gang — over 
eighty dollars apiece for a three 
weeks' trip. Billy, you're a high- 
liner, but ye sh'd ha' heard yer old 
man cuss at the price. Ye're put one 
over on him this time, an' what'U 
make him feel worse is the fact that 
ye've made good as a skipper and fix- 
ed the Jennie Anthony up as an able 
vessel again Now git acrost to An- 
chorville with yer trip an' make the 
old man mad." 

Feeling good at the price they 
were geiting. the gang hoisted sail 
again and the Jennie Anthony sailed 
in to the Stream Fish Company's 
wharf. Captain Billy went up to his 
father's office to ratify the sale of the 
fish and found his parent chuckling 
to himself over the telephone. When 
Billy entered. Stream senior, glanced 
up, shouted "All right, send them 
up!" to some one on the other end of 
the line, and turned to his son a faee 
stern and saturnine in its expression. 

"Hullo, Dad!" exclaimed Billy. 
*Tve Just brought the vessel over 
with the fish. Five cents for the had- 
dock, you told Uncle Ben. ehr' 

"Five cents!" snarled the elder 
Stream. "D'ye think I'm crazy? 1 
wouldn't give more'n a cent and a 
half for any fish you'd "bring In." 

"Didn't yon tell Uncle Ben over 
the 'phone that you'd take oiir trip 
at five cents?" 

"I might have. b«t Tw changed 
my mind since." 

"Ton're going back on your word. 
Dad!" said BiUy slowly. • 

"Am I? Waal. I reckon that's ray 
lookout. A pretty fool I'd he to pay 
five cents for fish that I kin huy for 
half the price." 

"Yes, hut you can't gat ft now." 

"Can't I?" snapped the otaaz. 
"Don't you worry. Tve got aB I 
want. My vessels have Just r — to to 
Cobtown harbor with fifty thousand 
among them, an* Fm havtag ft ship- 
ped up by rail now. Bf jon want to 
sell your tHp to me Fll take tt at a 
cent and a half." 

"Why, Dad. that's a cent less than 
the last market price." 

"Take It or leave It then, rm not 
anx'.ous to buy!" 

Billy was boiling with disgust and 
THfe — so much so that he could hard- 
ly speak. His father was enjoying 
his discomfiture. 

"Well, by Godfrey!" said Billy at 
last. "1 always thought my father 
was an honorable man. but I find bis 
word Is worth nothing!" 

"You infernal young pup!" shout- 
ed Captain Stream, rising. "Git out 
o' here! I wouldn't take yer fish ef 
It was given to me. You 'n' Ben 
thought ye c'd put it all over me. 
didn't ye? Git aboard that hooker o' 
yours an' away from my dock or 111 
cast yer llnes-adrlft!" 

THE young skipper turned to go. 
With his hand on the door. h« 

"You've welshed on this. Dad. but 
mark my word, I'll pay you hack 
some day." And he went out. In- 
wardly raging. 

At the dock he communicated the 
Interview to the gang, and amid the 
Jeers of the shore workers, they 
cursefully hoisted sail and headed 
the vessel back to Port Anthony 
again. When Uncle Ben heard the 

July 11, isas 

reason c^ their return, he swore 

"He got me that time, but ft was 
a mean game to play on the men. 
Never mind, Billy. I'll buy th© trip 
at three cents and pmoke them. Git 
yer hatches off." 

That right the premises of the 
Anthony Fish Company Inoitt down 
and morning revealed a heap oi 
smoldering mins. 

"My place was set afire!" said Ben 
Anthony finally. "It never started 
in the smoke hcose. 'cause the wind 
was west last night and the smoke 
house 'ud be to loo'ard. The fire was 
set in th' wind'ard bnildJn' which 
held nawthin' but three Imndred 
quintal o' dried fish, an' nobody's bin 
in it fur a week. It was set afire. 
Billy, an' I believe yer old man had 
a hand in it to put me out <f busi- 

"I don't believe that Dad would 
do that." dissented Billy. "What'll 
j»e do with the Jennie's trip of fleh? 
We can't handle it now." 

"Um! The only thing 1 can think 
of is to telephone Will an' aak him 
to take it off our hands at his own 
price." said Uncle Ben dismally. "I'll 
go 'n' do that now." 

Ten minutes later he cam« down 
to the vessel almost white with pas- 

"Told me ho wouldn't take ft off 
ny hands to make gine with." 
stormed Anthony. "8aid he was glad 
that a fire had cleaned my old shacks 
from off Port Anthony beach aad he 
hoped rd retire on the insurance 
money and keep oat of the fish hust- 

"That was cruel." remarked Billy. 
"Did you telephone any one else 
aboat the fish?" 

"Yes. I got the Cobtown people on 
the wire. They wouldn't take them. 
Tour father must have fixed them." 

Billy looked serious. 

"U»!" he exclaimed. "TThis is war 
to the death! Well, I gnoaa we'll 
show the old man that wt^a not 
dead yet. uncle. Ton get those mins 
cleared up and Til run this fish 
across to Bayport. When I come hack 
we'll hold a council of war." 

HE GOT some of the men tocother 
and hoisted sail on the schooner 
tor the fifty-mile run to Bayport. Two 
days later, the Jennie shot into port 
again with her fish still aboard. 

"Not a buyer over there would 
look at our fish." said Billy bitterly. 
"They've all been fixed by the Stream 
Fish Company. I couldn't give them 
away. The old man seems determin- 
ed to put you and me out of busi- 
ness, but we'll best him. I'll get the 
gang together to split and salt 
them and then we'll have a talk." 

While the men were discharging 
the schoc/ner's fare and dressing it 
for salting. Billy outlined a scheme 
of future operations. 

"Uncle Ben. why not go to work 
and build a modern fish-plant wltTi 
smoke-houses, packing - roouM and 
everything Just the same as father'^ 
place? You had the ifaroo of pattir.? 
op a better flnnan-haddie than the 
Stream Company." 

"To be sure 1 did."* intermpteii 
Ben proudly. "Yer dad could nevt r 
touch me in smokin' fish. I I'amt th" 
proper way from an old Scotsman 
that T»ed to fish for me. My Excel- 
sior Brand will sell quicker thar 
Morning Glory. 'Th' Nation's Break 
fast.' as he calls it." 

"Then why don't joti develop that 

July 11. 1»25 

Activities of Al Acres: Maybe Al Can Persuade Mother to Broadcast Her Dinner Call: By Leet 

CM RADIO IS THE^r^ I'M GlVlNe ^)!^^y/ 


Vennsptvania Farmer 


























To )90LVB this puzzle fill in the white squares with letters forming the 
words listed below. For example: 23 (across) is ASB and 10 (down) 
is PAGE3S. You may begin anywhere in the puzzle. Follow the definitions 
carefully and. by noting letters common to two words, you will soon have' 
a clew to help you. The solution to this puzzle will appear in an early 


1. A le^ime 

2. An Island In the state of New Tork, 
I itbbrevlatlon 

^. Everything 

5. What the alphabet Is gom«tlines 
I railed 

6. Foreign office, abbreviation 

7. A manufactory 

8. What Robert Fulton used to run his 

10. What even- book haa 

12. Serious, aedate 

14. Obsolete, abbreviation 

Ifi. Piles by night, blind In the tight 

17. Brother, abbreviation 

19. An Instrument used In rowing 

24. Roman for JOOl 

26. or market value 

%*. Note of the scale 

31. State south of Minnesota, abbrevla- 


1. To mix with water 
4. A stick used for support in walking 
9. An inflammable liquid 

11. Large serpent of South America 

13. Plaything 

15. Measure of weight, abbreviation 
17. Before Christ, abbre%iation 

18. The song of the 'dove 

20. To flow back or reced« 

21. Wrath 
2a. A tag 

28. The mother of the hero of Tbaen's 
drama "Peer Oynt" 

24. Mountain, abbreviation 

25. Old process, abbreviation 

27. .\tetal worth mining 

28. A limb 

30. What we breathe 

32. The cry of a horse 

S3. A small shoot or branch of a tree 






















S A ^ 





A M| 





■ a« 


K 1 

mI s 



■ f- 











■ • 













■ t 








_P A 





"^H M a 

I^A M 

"Too much bother. Salt fish is 
easier. It don't spile and it kin alius 
find a market." 

"Could you sell all the finnan-had- 
dle you could turn out?" 

" I git piles of orders fur 
them. Come to the office an' Til 
I show you letters from Jobbers." 

Billy went up to the combination 
[store and gear shed in which was 
Ithe tiny cubicle that Uncle Ben dig- 
Jnified by the name of "office." It 
jcontained a base-burner stove, an 
lancient desk and a safe. The whole 
[place was Uttered with papers filed 
ipon nails driven into the walls and 
the desk was jammed full of miscel- 
laneous correspondence. Uncle Ben 
[was clearly no bu.^iness man and his 
■ educated nephew's sense of neatness 
Jrevolted at the disorder. 

Ben's great hands groped among 
jthe papers on the desk and he select- 
led some letters from large Inland 
[wholesalers offering to purchase con- 
iRlderahlo quantities of his Excelsior 

•T can see by these that we can 
Ibulld up a good business if it is han- 
Idletl properly." said Stream. "Fix 
[your wharves up; build a good flsh- 
f house on it and erect a first-class 
[smoke-house with concrete floors and 
sides. The other buildings should be 
well built and nicely painted so a.3 
to look good to anybody taking the 
notion to visit the plant. Let's get 

' parchment paper and place a little 

I booklet in each box giving hints on 
how to cook flnnan-haddie. Build a 
new office; get a proper bookkeeper 
and stenographer In it; have filing 
cabinets to take care of your paper, 
procure neatly printed letter paper 
and bill-heads and write your cor- 
respondence by typewriter. 

"You keep out of the offlco and 
i'>ok after the smoking and the out- 
side work. Buy a small gasoline 

I schooner and use her for buying fish 
down the day ports; have a good out- 
fitting store and keep gasoline and 
gear. There's lots of fishermen in 
Port Anthony but there's nothing to 
•jeep them here— they all go over to 
Anchorville and fish out of that 

I Place. I'll Uke a trip up west and 

see some of the wholesalers and get 
them to act as our agents. Let us 
put up flnnan-haddles, smoked fillets, 
kippers and bloatersk Let's cut in to 
the Stream Fish Company's trade. 
We can get it, ancle, if we go after 

Uncle Ben gasped. 
"That's all very well, Billy, but 
to do what you want'll cost more 
money than Ive got. What's all this 
a-goln' to cost?" 

"I can't say." replied the young 
skipper, "but Ml soon figure It out. 
ril turn to and draw out plans for a 
new plant and make an estimate of 
the cost. If you can't finance It all, 
I'll get you to pay my expenses to go 
west and get some one with money to 
inrest It In otir scheme. Come! Let's 
dope th!s thing out." 

Overcome by the arguments of hia 
enterprising nephew, and with a 
strong desire to get back at his 
brother-'n-Iaw ■whom he believed to 
have had something to do with the 
destrfirtion of his plant. Ben An- 
thony entered into the scheme en- 
thusiastically, and after Stream had 
seen the Jennie Anthony's former 
skipper and Induced him to take the 
vessel out fishing aga!n now that she 
was seaworthy, the young fellow 
took train and left for Montreal 
without breathing a word to any ono 
of his Intent'ons. Ben Anthony in- 
tended to do nothing until he heard 

m __ - _-_ *, f ^ - - ». - .^ 

Captain William Stream, senior, 
heard in due course that Ben wa.^ 
doing nothing in the way of rebuild- 
ing hia burnt-out premises. He also 
heard that the> Jennie Anthony was 
fishing afjaln under her old .skipper 
and running her trips Into another 
I>ort, and that Ms son had gone west. 

"Got tired of it — th' young cub," 
mused he contentedly. "I cal'late he 
had enough o' Ashin'. I knew he 
wouldn't stick — it ain't In him. 
Waal, th* lire's put Ben out o' bust-' 
ness Th* Stream Fish Company'll 
hev things Its own way now. We'll 
put th' prices up a cent a pound an' 
hold them. Bf dealers want my flah 
they kin pay for them. Ben's Junk 
ain't on th' market to cut prices,** 
(To be continued next week) 


Make Good With Com Gluten Feed 

Feeders of cattle, hogs and dairy cows 
are this year making bigger records — 
earning larger profits. They are doing 
it with a Corn Gluten Feed Ration on 

What are you feeding? What wUl your record 
be for this Summer? Will your animals go into 
the dry lot fit to stand up and make money for 
you during a long hard winter ? 

Your daily cows will lay down on the job 
unless you give them something more than they 
are getting from pasture. You will then have a 
poor record of your Summer's work. You'Ubse 
money. (j 

les What They Need 

Com Gluten Feed supplies what your animals 
need to make meat or milk. A single ton contains 
the best feeding part of 2J^ tons of whole com. 
It's a big record feed. 

Gjm Gluten Feed is 86% digestible. It con- 
tains 2 3% protein. All animals like It and it 
is good for them. It is a rich feed at low cost. 

If you are mixing your own ration you should buy 
Com Gluten Feed for your protein. If you don't know 
how to feed it we will tell you. This Department is 
organized to help you make money. 

If you arc buying a mixed feed be sure it contain 
Com Gluten Fed. Feed manufacturers who arc putting 
cut a pood ration use Com Gluten Feed as one of their 
best ingredients. 

Bulletin No. 2, "Feeding Grain On Pasture," 
is Now Ready. Mail coupon for your copy. 

AMMOciated Corn Products Manufacturers 

Feed Retearch D*partmmnt 
Hugh G. Vmn fmit. Director 

208 South La SalU St., Chicago, iU. 

Feed Research Dcp't. 
Asso. Com Products Mfrs. 
to8 S. LaSallc St., Chicago. III. 

riomme Mail From your Now BuUotin No, t 


P>. July 


My Oealer's Name 


^ iiii iiiii 

iiiii iiiih 

II I I I r-^ I I I 

IIIII ^lllll 

You buy 50 years of progress 

...... ,-. * ..^ -.? .4*.,.v#jjti. *..i Lite cA.tij--tL.ii ruyi — ik rp- 

duces the cost per ton capacity. An exclusive Globr fea- 
tur«. Globv Silos arc absolutpl/ air-tifht b«eau«<> of tlu* 
heavy matrhinit walla, double uplines, sealed joints and 
adjustable doors. Made of spruce and fir. You cannot 
buy a better silo. Write tiMlay for our catalog and 
l>rie»-liat ; silos, tanlu, ensilase cutters, stanehiooa, ate. 

CLO»E SILO CO.. Bm B Itaatfnia. New Yerh 


^Vfl B«Mfor39Y«Hv-B«MN<m. Higft- 
■ BS *** Grade of Material ami Wotk- 
V V^^ manahip. Made from the Centurlw 
^^ old Genuine Yellow Dou&Iaa Fir. TiM 

only silo on which you can get those famous 


ttonU mm tm Wwtm laanaM afaiasl tlw In* al the Hay Craf. 

International Silo Co.. ? D«pt. 14, Meadvilla, Pa. 

Please Meatioa Pennsylvania Fanner When Writing to Adverttsert 

J» \l' • W 9J^ * ' 

?-; ^i"^?ti^Kpi!^gjg.j r M gx; 



IB— 36 



July 6, 1925. 

VrKCtableH (wholesale)— BKANS. Va, 
bu hnipr, green and wax, |^.V5(fi. 4.50. 
BKKTS, home grown, doz bc-hs, 256(400. 
CAnBAGK, Ohio, Marietta dlstrl. t, lOO-lb 
I'rate, $4.50 ; small stock, $3.50. CAKKOTS, 
borne grown, doz bch», 25$))40c ; Kenturky, 
bu hmpr, 50c(i?|l. CUCUMBKRS, Ohio, 
hothouse, bskt, 2 doz, fancy, |2.25(&2.60; 
No I. »1.50ifjl.75; N C, bu hmpr, 75cW»l ; 
poor, 50c. GREEN CORN, Ala. crate, 4(gi 
5 doz, J2@2.25. LETTUCE, home grown, 
box 2 doz hds, leaf, S0@75c; Wash, Ice- 
berg, crate, 15. ONIONS, Va, bu hmpr, No 
1 yellow, 12.254(2.40: Egyptian, 100-lb 
sacks. No 1 yellows, J5![i5.50; home grown 
bundle of 1 doz bchs. 15@20c. PARSLEY, 
La, bbl, curly and plain, |4. PEAS, honis 
grown, bu bskt, best, (3 @ 3.50: poor. $1.50. 
PEPPERS, to., %-bu hmpr, |2.25. POTA- 
TOES, new, bbl. Cobblers. Va, No 1. $5(» 
5.25: old. Maine, 150-lb sack. No 1 Green 
Mountain, $2.50'«2.60. SPI.NACH, home 
grown, bu bskt, suinraer, 60@j75c ; winter, 
$I(g'1.25. TOMATOES, 4-b8kt crate, Tenn, 
beHt, $l.40(?il.60 : poor 75e. 

Frnlt»»— APPLES, Wash, medium to 
large size, extra fancy Winesaps, $2.75(3' 
3.75 box; fancy, |2.50@2.90; new stock, 
l)u liskt, Md and Del, Transparents, No 
1, $2.75@3; No 2, $1.75(8)2: culls, $1.255c 
1.50. CANTALOL'PES, Calif, crate, jum- 
bos, $3{j4: stnnd.'irds, $.10^3.50: ponys, $2 
@)2.S0 ; ripe stock, all sizes, low as 50c i 
flats $1.15'5tl.50. CITKRUIKS, 10-qt chip 
bskt, $16-1.25. CURR.\NTS. N Y, 32-gt 
crate, $1.50. PEWBERRIE.S, 32-Mt crat^, 
Md. $6(^1 »; Del, $406. HUCKLEBER- 
Rn:s, Dol and N C. ^l-nt crale, licgt, $7 

fS; poor, $5; Penna, $ll(gl2. PEACHES, 
a, 6-bBkt crate and hu bskt, Hlley Brlh^s 
medium to large, $1,754(2.25: small, $1.50 
©1.75; very small, J1.25. RASPBEURIK-S 
N Y and Penna, 32-iit crate, r< ds, $a.50?B 
12: blacks, $6(8 8. WATERMELONS. Fla, 
and Ga, lSiS!20 lbs. 2.")C ; 22T(2t lbs, 30(rj) 
35c: 26@28 lbs, 40T( jOc : ZiS'niZ lbs, (iO'ii) 
65c : 34 lbs, 75^1 80c each. 


Cattle — Receipts light ; market steady. 
Good to choice. $111(11.50: good, VWMi 
1400 lbs, $10.23f( 10.75 : medlimis, ]2(miw 
1300 lbs, $9';(i«: tidv, 1050(511.10 11)!!. $;i.''.'i 

•[110.75: fair, OOO'xloOO lbs. $8*7 9; cim- 
mon, "OOffiSOO lbs. $5'?(7: common to good 
fat bulls, $4'f(6.50: common to good fitt 
cows, $1.5006.5(1 ; heifers, $5«ff;i.25 , frc.-<h 
cows and sprinK<T.-<. $"OifiSr>. 

Hogs — Receipts, 15 double-decks; mor- 
ket slow : prices steady. Prime heavy 
hogs, $14. SOrii 14.70 ; hf-avy nilKid, $14.7li(((/ 
14.75; mediums and hea\-y yorker^. $14X0 
©14.50; light yorkers, $14CrH.2^; I'lirs, $13 
'ii\?..l{); roughs, $11,251(12.50; stairs, $60 

!!^h(»|i and Lambs — Receipts, 4 doable- 
decks ; market steady on :ihi.en ; lainbs 
dull lower. Prime wethrra. JS*?? ^ 2: ; 
good mixed, $6.60#7 ; fair Miixcd, $5..1(ii!f 
C.5f) ; (ulls and common. $2.^!':; culls to 
chr i :e yearlings, $7?( 15.50 ; spring l.iiiibs, 

CalvPK — Receipts light; choice c.\l\f9 
higher, others steady. Choice, {12'i( 12.t'0 ; 
hci\y and thin, $4'!(8.50. 


Receipts — P R R, 5 cars hay, 2 cars 
straw, 1 car shelled corn, 10 iiirs oat", S 
cars feed. B and O, 1 ear of h:<y. 

Hay— No 1 clover, $18(^19; No I light 
clover, mixed. $20fti21 ; No 1 heavy clover, 
mixed, $18e>19: No 1 clover, mixed, $18® 
19; No 1 timothy, $23.50^24.50; No 2 tim- 
othy, $19.50@20.50. 

Straw— Oats, $14(^(14.50; rye, $1R1( K^.IO ; 
wheat, $14«i 14.50; standard timothy, $22 

Velinw Corn— No 2 shelled, $1.1711(1.18; 
Nu 3 shelled, $1.15iyi.l6; No 2 ear, $1,280) 

(>Ht« — No 2 white, 54ei55c; No 3 white, 
52 OP 53c. 

Pennsylvania Farmer 

918; wheat Btraw, $14(^14.50; oat straw, 

Bran — Sold slowly at former rates. Car 
lots, including sacks, ton : Winter bran, 
city mills, $38(^38.50; western sprlns 
bran, $:!44»)34.50. 

Wheat — Receipts, .1216 bu. Market nom- 
inal ill the absence of spot offerings. 

Corn — Receipts, none; steady at lai» 
advance. Car lots for local trade: No Z 
yellow, $1.21«i)1.22; No 3, $1.19®1.20. 

Outs — Tleceipts, 3984 bu ; ijuiet but 
steady. Car lots, as to UK'ation : No 2 
white, 69»/.(g)60Hc; No 3 white, 56Vi>l5> 
67 Vic. 


Batter — Receipts, 5918 tubs. Solid-pack- 
ed creamery, in tubs, extras, !)2 ."I'ori-, 
42V.:c; higher-scoring goods, 43<^@)46V&c, 
the latter for small lots; Ml score, 4-lc; 90 
score, 40c; 89 score, 39c; 88 score, 38c; 87 
score, 37'/4c ; 86 score, 37c ; packing stock, 
25'((2Sc: best prints, 92'f( 94 score, 45(&i47c; 
cartons, 46(i( 48c ; good prints, 89@91 score, 
42!(t'44c: cartons, 43@45c; ordinary farm- 
era" print.s, 36iii41c. 

rhee«io — Quiet but firm. New York, 
whole milk Hats, fresh. 23@24c ; longhorns 
round lots, 23',i<(( 24c ; jobbing, small lots, 
25'iry26c; single daisies, fresh, 23>^#24c. 

and lake-and-rall shipments ; rye mid- 
dling, :!4 ; white hominy feed, $42.25, all In 
Inii-ili sacks ; cottonseed meal, 36 per cent 
protein, $15.75; lin.seed oil iiieal, $51.25, in 
]l n-ll> s:r<ks. 

Iluy and Struw — Hay, large bales, tim- 
othy and light mixid: Mo 1. $25@26 ; No 
2, $2i'i(2l ; No 3, $lHff|i21 ; sample, $10«i:(17. 
Straw, large bales, rye, $17iJ|)18 ; oat, $1S 
fii 14. 

tiralii— WHEAT, No 2 red, c 1 f, dom, 
$1.82; No 1 dark s|>ring, c i f, dom, $1.62; 
No 2 hard winter, f o b. exp^jrt, $1.59% ; 
No 1 North Manitoba, in bond, fob, ex- 
port, $1.72Vti ; No 2 mixed durum, f o b,ex- 
port. $1.48. CORN, No 2 yellow, $L1P"^4 ; 
No 3 yellow, $1.18 ;, : No 2 mixed, $1.19. 
OATS No 2 white, 56c ; No 3 wiiite, 54c ; 
No 4 white, 5:ic ; ordinary white,, clipped, 
51 i^( 5Gc ; fancy white, clipped, 60C"61c. 
nVE. c 1 t, export, 1.05^4. BARLEY, malt- 
iiiK, C i f, dom, $!.04(fi 1.07. 


July 6, 1925. 

Butter and Eggs — Country butter, 459 
ihc lb ; creamery butter, u0@63c lb ; freau 
CKnf, S6'it38c. 

BreitMed Poultry — Chickens, $1@2 ea ; 
SQiiabs, 40(g;45c ea ; ducks, $1.35«i2.50 ea. 

Vegelaliles — Beans, yellow, 25c % pk i 
do, green, 15c % pk ; beets, 8c bch ; cab- 
bage, 12@15c bd; carrots, 8c bch; cauli- 
llower, S'tilSc hd ; cilery, 10iit25c stalk; 
cucumbers, 5c ea ; egsplant, 10@30c ea i 
lettuce, ,'■>'(( 30c hd ; onions, 10c qt ; do, 
new, 5^1 Sc bch; parsley, 2c bch; peas, 25c 
'i pk ; pejipers, ,V- ea ; potatoes, old, 18c 'A 
pk; do, new, 20'i( 2jc >4 Pk ; radishes, 6c 
bch ; rhubarb, 8c bch : sour kraut. 15c qt ; 
spinach. 10c U pk ; tomatoes, 20@25c qt. 

Frnlts — Apples, iOliL'Oc >4 pk ; apricots, 
15c pt; cantaloupes, 1016 25c ea ; cherries, 
154J.10C qt ; currants, 2oc qt ; gooseberries, 
20c <it ; huckleberries, 35c qt ; peaches, 15c 
pt ; plums, 15c pt ; raspberries, red. 40(9 
60c qt; black, 15«i20c (it; watermelons, $1 
$1.2.^ ea. 

(irnins (prices paid to farmers) — ^Wheat, 
$1.40 bu; corn, $1.07 bu ; h.ny, baled, tim- 
othy, $13(1(14 ton; straw, $10*(11 ton. 

Feeds (selling prices)— Bran, $39®40; 
ton; shorts. $40^41; hominy. $50©61 ; 


The prices bdow .Tie for prompt ship- 
ments based on payment on arrival of 
cars as quoted by the Philadelphia Job- 
bing trade to retail feed dealers on Mon- 
dy, July 6. Quotations cover solid car- 
lots for delivery at Philadelphia or Scran- 
ton rate points. 

Pure spring bran $31.7e@33.00 

Spring bran 31.00@32.00 

Soft winter wheat bran 34.50(ii :!C.OU 

Hard winter wheat bran .... 34.00 

Standard mitUlUngs 33.00(5 33.50 

Soft winter wheat middlings. 37.00@39.20 

I'loiir middlings 40.UO(|{)42.50 

Red dog tlour 48.0O«.49.0O 

White hominy 41.60®42.00 

Yellow hominy 42.25$?42.50 

36 per cent cottonseed meal.. 45.75@46.()(i 
41 per cent cottonseed meal.. 49.0(1 

43 per cent cottonseed meal.. 51.00 

34 per cent linseed meal 30.76@51.2o 

For Baltimore, Cumberland and W^il- 
llamsport rate points, subtract 20c per 
ton (for cottonseed u>eal 40c per ton) ; 
tor New York, Newark rate points, add 
40c per ton (for cottonseed meal 60c per 
ton) ; for Woodbury, Bridgeton rate 
points, add $1.00 per ton ; for Preeholil. 
Toms River, Cape May rate points, add 
$1.40 per ton. 


Cattle — Sharply higher on better grade 
fed steers ; weighty kind up most ; top, 
$13.85 paid for 14U3-lb average; several 
loads heavies, $13.3S(i.in3.50, some 1533-11) 
South Dakotas at latter figure ; long year- 
lings, $13.25 ; mixed yearlings, $13 ; lower 
grade steers weak, slow ; she stock un- 
even ; corn-fed kind, 25c higher; others 

The Trend of the Markets 

THE figures In the following table represent the approximate unweighted 
average prices of the commodities and grades specifled. The prices are 
based upon quotations from the market page of Pennsylvania Farmer. 

Butter, 92 score creamery extras (N. T.) 
Eggs, fresh gathered extra firsts (N. Y.) 
Chickens, broilers by express (New York) . 

Steers, good to choice ( Lancaster) 

Hay, Number 2 timothy baled (Phlla.).. 
Wheat, Number 2 red winter (Phlla.).. 
Corn, Number 2 yellow (Philadelphia).. 
Oats, Number 2 white (Philadelphia).. 


I .« 





1.21 Vi 



$ .44^4 



11.. 50 



1.21 V4 


$ .43 ! 












July 6, 1928. 



July 6, 1925. 

Href Cuttle — Steers, good to choice, $11 
^12.25; fair to good, $10(1(11 ; cows, pood 
to choice. $6iii>7; fair to good, $4.50(i( u.50 ; 
bologna cows, as to <iu:ility, $1.50^3; 
bulls, good to choice, $5.50(;( 6.75 ; fair to 
good, 4.5O''((5.50 ; calves, choice, $12.50^ 
13; fair to good, |ll'i(12 common, S'idO; 
Tenn, choice, $10'^( 11 ; fair to good, $7.6UO 
9 : eonmion, $50/ 6.50. 

^herp and l,anit)!i — Sheep sold fairly 
and ruled firm nmler lighter offerinus. 
Lambs quiet and unchanged. Sheep, weth- 
KK, extra, $7.5()}i8; fair to K(H)d, %(•%'! ; 

6.50; lambs, Md, |13«rl6.S0; Va, $129 

Hogs — Market firm under light offirlncs 
and in syinpathy Willi the West. Wi si. in 
Ih'sI, $15(;( 15.50; nearby, bandy weights, 
$l'!.r.oti 14.75. 

(JUy Dressed Storks — Choice stock well 
cleaned up and market firm with beef and 
hogs higher. Steers, $20»&21; heiiers, $15 
filli; cows, $14':(a6; yl•arliIl^,^^, top, $245* 
26; good, $19t(.21 ; calves, city dressed, $22 
ki'i\; country dressed, $17^19; sheep, 
good wethers. $lS'i(20; ewes, $16if)il8; 
hogs, $23 ; winter lambs, $25@28 ; spring 
lanilis, $31(&33. 


Baled Hay and Rtraw— Recciptfi, 12 tons 
of hay and 1 car of straw. Market (lulct 
but firm. Hay. timothy. No 1, ntmiinal ; 
No 2. $17.50@1S.5O: No 3, $15.,'.' (i 1(1.50 ; 
light clover mixed. No 1, $lfi..'>"''( IT.'.O ; No 
2, $14.50(B15.50. Straw, straiKhl ry( . |17,50 

Batter flrni ; receipts, 30,635 tubs ; 
<r«-iimcry, higher than extras, 41 '4*' 12c; 
do, extnis. '."2 score, 41c: do, firsts, 88r<(9l 
score, "!(''! 40''jc ; packing stock, current 
make. No 2, 32V4c 

Eggs irregular; receipts, 31,386 cases; 
f ; • sh piithered. extra firsts, 35(h37c; do. 
firsts, 33if(34'.ic; do, seconds, Z\(uM\'ic; 
nearby hennery whites closely selected ex- 
tras, 4ti((j4Sc; nearby and nearby Western 
hennery whites, firsts to average extras. 
?>■'(& 45c ; nearby h< iinery browns, extras, 
4l''<(45c; Pacific whites, extras, 42% 
t( 1 1c ; do, extra firsts, 42f(i 44c. 

Cheese steady ; rccelpt.-i, 227,733 pounds. 
State, whole milk. Hats, fresh, fancy to 
fancy specials 22'<(2lr; do, average run. 
21'-l:c: state, whole milk, flats, held, fancy 
to fancv spcclils, 2r,',».(fi 27',ic ; do, average 
run, 25%(*(2fi'/ic. 

Live ronltry — Weak ; no quotations. 

nre»«ert Poultry — Irregular; chitkens, 
fresh, ;'.or>(42e; frosen, 25'ij!:;c; fowls, 24Sr 
S.'ic oM roosters, 14(ft20c; turkeys, frozen, 


Cattle — Uece:pts. .wo head ; steady ; 
steers, $7.75r(( 11.90 ; stale bulls, $3®5 ; 
cows, $2.25ft('«. 

Culves — Uecelpts. 780 steady ; veals, 
common to prime. |8»(ll; culls and little 
c.ilvK, %r.. :,'>'•! -,.'..' : 1 i.iicrmllk calves, |6#P 
1 : fed calves, 7.S0@8. 

Sheep and Lambs — Receipts, SBSO head ; 
If ri iulMr ; hln. ip, $:!'ii7; mils, $2f<( 3 ; 
iMt.ihs ni> 'liiitii to chulcc, southern, 14(S> 
15.50; culls $11012. 

Ilt'gs— Receipts, 1770; steady; light to 
medium welKhtR, $13.25(»( 13.70 ; pigs, $13.75 
(iiU.r.o; bcny hogs $l::.25'i( 13.50 ; roughs. 
$11.50 «:( 12.25. 


Peed — (juotallons were as follows (all 
July shipment): City bran. $31; mIddllnR, 
$33, in IflP-Ib s.TcUs ; r< d doK, $17. nomin- 
al. In 100-lb sacks ; western spring bran, 
promiit ."hipments, $31 ; standard mld- 
(Uing, $:•:■., Hour miilillinp $4O.60ii(41 ; red 
dog, spot $47, all in lOO-lb sacks, all-rail 

Weak ; vealers firm at $10.50f£11.2S mostly. 

Iliigd — Ij'n4 vcn, mostly 10f((25c higher 
than Friday's average ; big packers light 
buyers ; bulk 140tf>176-lb average on ship- 
ping account mostly $13.75^13.95; desir- 
able I80<i(260-lb average mostly $14@ 
$14.15; a few late sales at $14.2(is>( 
$14.25; top. $14.25; bulk desirable pa< k- 
ing sows, $11.75@12.2&; slaughter pigs fol- 
lowing advance ; bulk strong weights, 
$13.15^13 50; shippers took 5000 head; es- 
timated holdover. 100,000 head. 

Kherp and Lambs — Fat lambs around 
25c lower; culls and sheep generally 
steady ; no range lambs offered ; one load 
strictly choice natives, $16 ; bulk. $15.50(rr 
15.75; few medium kind downward to $i:. 
and lielnw ; culls mostly $10.50(611.50; few 
$11 ; odd lots desirable fat native eweu. 
$6.50«Sj 7.50 ; few heavies, $5(}f5.25. 


Butter — Creamery, fiincy, 42C((43c; do, 
choice, 41i(42c; do, good. 39®'40c ; do, 
prints, 44'^(4Ce: do, blocks, 411;' 45c: do. 
ladles. 3l(ti:',5c: do. Mil and I'enna rolls, 
;'.2i?(.Mc: ttliio rolls, 32Q33c: W Va, rolls, 
32'<(33c; store packed, 32c; Md, Va and 
Penna, dairy prints, 32'Li'34c; process but- 
ter, 36(fi37c. 

Fggs— Market steady. On the Baltimore 
Butter and V'.ns Exchange, nc.rliy frtsli- 
gathered flrhts, offered, 33ig33',jc: liiil, 
32c; no s.Tlct;; western, firsts, sold at 3:;( . 

Live Pnultry — Chickens, old hens, I'li 
lbs and over, 28(i(29c; do, medium, 3%'i(» 
lbs. smooth, 26«( 27c : do. smaller to rouiili 
and poor, 2l,''aaic; Leghoins, *ii(i'3c; oi<i 
roosters, ll'>c ; springers, mixed, colored, Z 
lbs and over, 45c; do, lVj®l% lbs, 40'?i 
43c ; do, smaller, 35»i 38c ; do, Leghorns 
and Minorcas. 2 lbs and over, 35if(3Cc; do, 
IVjiWl-,'* lbs, 30'-(3.':c; do, smaller, 26(((2Si., 
Ducks, young. White I'eklns, 3% Ibs'and 
over, 26c; do, puddles, 25c: «lo, Muscovy 
and mongrels, 24e ; do, old, as to quality. 
15'<( 20c. I'igeons, young, as to size. paii. 
25@30c; do, old. pair, 25&30c. 


Kgg« — 32'(( 3)ic per dozen. 

Poultry — Mens, live, 20^)25c ; dressed, 
old, $1*(2; springers, 65c6($l each. 

Ilulter — Country, 50^^55c; separator, 50 
e«flo lb. 

Vegetables— Potatoes 10@20c 14 pk ; 
cabbage, 5*(,10c hd ; lettuce, 10(ft'20c hd ; 
celery, 5@)15c stalk; tomatoes, G#10c ea 1 
parsnips. 5c b( h ; carrots, 6r((8c bch ; on- 
ions, 4@5c l>ch ; soup beans, 15c pt ; lima 

July 11, 1925} 

beans, 40c .qt ; asparagus, 8®12c bchi 
rhubarb, 3T(5c bch; turnips, 10t(/16c nt- 
peas. 20([i)30c % pk ; string beans, 3si 
'4 pk. 

Fruits— Apples, old, 2B@86c Vi pk ; new, 
13(i[l5c box; raspberries, 15(3>20c qt' 
cherries, sweet, ]0«i>15c qt. ' 1 

Ketall Grain Market — Wheat, $1.75- 
corn. $1.50; rye, $1.16; oats, 80c; bran" 
$1.9() cwt; middlings, $2.10 cwt. 

Wholesale Grain Market — Wheat, 1.60'J 
corn, $1.,S0; rye, 9.6c; oats, 80c; bran, $:ijl 
ton ; middlings, $40 ton. 


Boston, July 3, 1925. ■ 
Domestic— Ohio and Penna fleeces, (l,^| 
laihe, unwashed, 55*t'56c ; %-blood comtH 
Ing, S3@)54c; fine unwashed, 47f(('48c. MichJ 
igan and New York fleeces, delaine, und 
washed, 52@53c ; %-blood combing, 6O9I 
51c; %-blood combing, 52(S;53c ; >4-bloo< 
combing, 50@51c ; fine unwashed, ♦44(&'45(«., 
Wisconsin, Missouri and average New! 
England, %-blood, 48©49c; %-blood. 6O0. 
K-blood. 49c. " 

irul7 11, 1926 

Pennsylvania Farmer 



Toledo, Ohio, July 3, 1925. 
Wheat, cash. No 2 red, $1.6491.6l| 
Cloverseed, cash, $16; October, $14.55 bid J 
December, $14.10 bid. Alslke, August,! 
$14.50 asked ; December, $14 asked. TIni-l 
othyseed, cash, $3.70 ; September, $4. 

Dairy Produce 

THE New York butter market con-l 
4inued firm at the jc ajlvance.1 
Trading was only fair as most buycrsl 
had anticipated needs on prevlou»| 
days. The advance checked some 
the speculative buying, but there wa 
some demand in evidence, some orJ 
ders beiner unfilled at the close. Medi- 
um and undergrades steady at J(Sifcl 
advance. Supplies ot centralizeif cars] 
were light and with pood demaiKtJ 
prices well sustained. 

CHEESE — Market steady witl 
very little demand for other than Ir 
mediate needs. State flats in rela-l 
lively best position because of llghlf 
supplies and high replacement cost* 
Some small trading on held stat^ 
flats at listed prices. Held cheese 
all styles in light supply. 

Philadelphia Market 

BUTTER — A Jc advance on 
score and above ruled generally aft« 
firmer outside advices with tradini 
spotty but fairly active for the dajj 
before a holiday. Free offerings 
undei^rades in some quarters pre 
vented any advance with several faiij 
sized lots changing hands at the list'] 
ing. Long lines of 89^90 score wer 
scarce owing to more attractirij 
prices ruling at other points. 

CHEE5SE — The market was quietj 
with very little interest shown bj[ 
buyers. In some quarters, however, 
fair business on small lots at strong 
prices was reported with out of town] 
inquiry somewhat improved. 

Holiday Hits Markets 

THE Fourth of July plus Sundajj 
hit the wholoHale fruit an* 
Vegetable market hard Frlday.accoi 
ing to the federal and state bureau 
of markets. Altho offerings of fresll 
fruits and vegetables were modernt«| 
to light, they were more ample fo 
the demand and prices on almost all 
ccmmodltles were decidedly lowerj 
In many cases the market opened 
about former prices Tjut because 
the slow buying lower levels wer 
quickly established in an effort 
clean up supplies. 

the absence of the rut of town bu.?l 
ers from the market and the lig* 
buying by retailers who were caa 
tlous in order not to have any pe^ 
ishables on hand to carry over th^ 
week end. 

The highly perishables, berric 
peaches and cantaloupes were thj 
most seriously affected, but otli« 
lines except those which were In veil 
light supply also were slightly low«l 

Nearby string beans were an outj 
standing feature because from havinf 
been scarce there was suddenly a< 
abundant supply. Prices were generj 
ally one-half of those obtaine 

Stop that 


/ M 



The Danger Signal I 

You wouldn't pound your crank 
shaft with a hammer ; yet those 
knocks Inside your motor have 
the same effect. 

Knocking bearings demand 
quick action. Install your set of 
Vec Bearing Adjusters now ; 
A''ECS will give you perfect bear- 
ing contact for the life ot your car. 

Easily installed. No shims to 
flt. Absolately safe. 

Records show cars KOlng over 
1M,«0» miles with Vees and still 
running without a bearing knock. 
You can do the same ! 



If your dealer cannot supply 
I you, order direct from us. 

WtU*lm Uhutftfi €lrcmlmt. 

S7S Real Estate Tnmt BuikUao. 
PhifaMtelphto ""•*♦ 


■ Bear(n<? Acl|uste' "= 

'Take up '^ear. 

Vhen You Buy Your 


this Season 
VskYourDedlei About 

SIVflTH ^r^^ 

INSTANT FordMMi belt prnm at Am 
flick of • k*M. Diut-praaf— cant 
throw oil — doMfi't cfunc* pnlfe* 
•I>~d. fur* tot hwlftn time MMTwecIt 
—ya. For ducripuv* folds* wnM to 


•^->«. BB-r — • 


Sold Onlij Tlirouqh 
iitlionzed Fbrdson Dealers 

loUand Bulbs 

tollani Grown; Order NOW 
^bL,?*"*"" tulips 

10o7i;"?l' "•"«• «» !«. b«n-. 80 tor 


1 100 for 11. 


MCIHTMS """'"' '* "* *" '*• '" *'• 

Bslb. Best I>ntp.l4-««si tar WMmU* LM 

S. CAMPBtLL, Mt. Holly, N.J. 

^NT GUT Out 

ck or Barsitis 



reduce them wd leave no blemishei. 
PI Umenes. promptly. Does not bUs* 

Iked cT'ta* ^* ,**•■'• •"'* •»'•« «•" »>« 
""'•«. In... 3M ur,„ ,t. aarlatM*, Mm, 

County Notes 

Allegtoeny Coanty, Pa.— A rain of the 
kind that pleases farmers (a real soaker 
and very little damage done) has come to 
our thirsty crops. Com and oats are 
showing the benefit derived from the 
moisture. Wheat, meadows and pastures 
also have taken on a new lease of life. A 
little alfalfa harvested. Clover ready to cut 
aa soon as weather permits. Oats coming 
in head and wheat showing a yellow tint 
Strawberries were a very poor crop. Cher- 
ries a fair crop, demand poor. Eggs and 
spring chickens are perhaps the best sell- 
ers of any farm products at this writing. 
Industrial conditions bad.— O. K., June 29. 

Broome Coantr, H. T.— After a severe 
drought we are having abundant rains. 
Many farmers have already begun their 
haying. The drought damaged the straw- 
berry oorp In many places. Wild straw- 
berries are scarce In this vicinity. Few 
apples seem to have set Cherries and 
plums are also scarce, while raspberries 
and blackberries promise a heavy yield. 
Work on the new cement road between 
Bingtaamton and Castle Creek has been 
speeded up this spring and It Is to be 
opened for travel in August Bingham- 
ton public market boasted only four pro- 
ducers all winter but is picking up some 
now. Eggs, Wc; butter, 47c: live fowls, 
33c ; peas, 3 qts. for 25c. Great niunbers 
of tomato, celery, cabbage, etc, plants 
have been sold this spring.— B. M. C, 
June 29. 

FaltoR CoaatT, Pa. — The prolonged 

drought was broken on June 24th. Farm- 
ers are now busy harvesting. Hay Is near- 
ly all made. Clover was thick on ground 
but very short The clover sown this 
spring Is damaged, owing to extremely 
hot and dry weather. Rye was In blossom 
when the late frost came and as a result 
U la very poorly filled. Cherries were a 
fair crop but strawberries were scarce 
and sold from 20c to 30c qt Gardens are 
late and plants had to l>e watered. Many 
resettlngs were the result Potatoes are 
looking well. Wheat Is a better crop than 
was anticipated. Market quotations are: 
Eggs, 26c; butter, 30c; lard, 18c; chicle- 
ens, SSesOc; cherries, 10c qt — ^T. H. T., 
June 27. 

Tobacco Letter 

THE 1925 tobacco crop is flnall/ 
getting a start. Recent rains 
have greatly improved the chances ot 
the belated plants to finish the sea- 
son in good shape, altho some fields 
do not yet look particularly promis- 
ing. Some replanting remains to be 
done, due to the very dry weather 
which prevailed continuously after 
planting time until the rains of this 

The tol)acco market in general 
shows signs of improvement. Packers 
have made their first sales ol 1924 
tobacco, and the monthly report of 
the internal revenue department 
shows a big increase in the numbor 
of the 1922 and 1923 crops, is very 
trict last month. Old tobacco, that 
of the 1922 and 1923 crops, is very 
slow with the exception of fillers, for 
which there is a very active demand. 
This condition may affect the prices 
of the 1925 crop beneficially, if suffi- 
cient of the 1924 leaf is sold before 
buying season starts next winter. 

Chartfr to Be Granted 

In speculating on Hhe probable 
market for Pennsylvania tobacco, one 
must not fail to take the proposed 
cooperative marketing association in- 
to consideration. Plans have gone 
rapidly forward to the point where 
contracts will be mailed to every 
grower next week. With the grant- 
ing of the charter for the organisa- 
tion, which is expected about July 7, 
all signed contracts will become le- 
feul. il it» lb© intention of the or- ! 
ganizatlon committee to get as many 
contracts signed before the actual 
"sign-up" Is staged, as possible. 

In several of its organizational 
phases, the proposed Pennsylvania 
pool marks a distinct departure from 
other tobacco cooperatives, and local 
leaders state that these Improve- 
ments will go a long way toward as- 
suring the unqualified success of the 
association. Financial assistance Is 
assured, it Is stated, and all the or- 
ganization yet needs to make it a 
going concern is a loyal membership. 
The drive for members will be staged 
during August.— Garden 8pot Farm- 
er, July %. 


Direct to You 

THE Original Open Formula Feeds approv- 
ed and recommended by the College Feed 
Conference Board, are now being sold DIRECT 
to the fanner, through otir own cardoor agents. 

Maximum POOL prices will be announced Au- 
gust 1st, for shipment dujing the winter feed- 
ing season. 

Immediate requirements may be bought at mar- 
ket prices date of purchase. 

Cardoor agents are being appointed in all dis- 
tricts. Write us tor name of your nearest 


714 M«chanics Trust Bldg. 


Main Offica 

Universal Empire 




Stays Uke New 

Almott any ensilage cutter will givea aood 
account of itself the firit Kaion But it 
t*«e« an exceptionally good one to tlay 
"S ?*"• '•■"'n the itandpoint of operating 
efficiency, after two or three teawn* of 
hard u»e Vet that's what the Rowell 
ows. And here are some of the reasons: 
nyatt roller bearings to assure quiet .light 
runnint; end thrust twarings that Uke up 
wear; a guaranteed-for-life flywheel; a 
one-piect twist proof steel main frame 

^ tnat keeps shaft and gears in perfect'- true": 

itS?"^* t'ming of all unitr-the Rowell 

( , • ■• '* '"'* •• it Ham— which prevents 
Cogging or poor work. There's a RoweU 
cutter— flywheel or cylinder type for any 

■power. Our catalog has aU the facU. MaU 
the coupon— receive 

K>ur new catalog and 

|aIso free copy of "Gor- 

,*r>">ent Index ofValu- 

jable Silage BuUetins" 

' Eamltrn Ditlrliidm ■ 


Unad.lU, N. Y. 

Without obllfstloo 

do the WORK f 

The Unadilla cfoea away with 
the back breaking work at 
tossing tons of silage out over 
your head. The air tight, water 
tight, doors that cannot stick or 
freeze, have the additional ad- 
vantage of giving continuous 
opening at /eve/ of the milage/ 
You gimply push the silage out 
—gravity does the rest. 

Ctoor fmteocTs form a pennaaaot 
a^ty ladder— coaventent and aecure. 
Hoofw an CMily adjusted from I hit 
imaat. No dangerous adjoating froa 
eaay-^ippiag ladders. Writ* today for 
oar big catalog end for spacial «f»T - 
eouati cb early orders. 

■aay payments If dcsuedi 

BotfP UaadUlB.N.T. 



rteLBsRowFiT Co. 


Silo-ROSS-Ensilage Cutter 

' rampus copper content Ros.q Mt.-r*i ^-m 

The famous copper content Ros.i MirTAI, 

ment of the modirn hunincaa fsrnicr. 
Noolher culler Juw ROSScomrtoirtlon lem- 
«x slsM all low (pe^ ' * ' 



Do^m PAYMEfn-B "reqotred 


_« Wartar S««« ^.^ ,^ SprlntfeM. Ohio 

Plewe Mentkm Pennsylvania Fanner When Writing to Advertiseit 


VennsytVania Farmer 

Julf 11, Ig2S 


De Laval Mlker 

Ontiits Now Sold €<»r 

and up - depending 
on the number oi 
cows to be milked 

The Most Econondcal As Well 
As the Best of All Milkers 

After nine years, and with more than 25,000 in use, it is an established 
fact that the Dc I>aval Milker is not only the best but also the most eco- 
nomical of (ill milkers. This is especially true in view of the recent 
price reduction and the addition of the Dc Laval Junior Milker Outfit, 
lor milking small herds, to the lino of De Laval Milkers. 

Whether you have 5 or 500 co^vs there is a De Laval Miflcer Outfit 
exactly suited for your need"?, wliich will pay for itaelf in saving time 
and labor and increasing the quantity and quality of milk, and by 
ao^ng daining more ]>lea8&nt and profitable. 

It is possible to get mechanical milkers for less than the first cost of 
a De Laval — but you can't possibly get the same results. Dming the 
time that De Laval Milkers nave been on the mxirtcet and with the uirge 
number in use, the following facts have been estahliritcd: 

—we have never known of one to injure a cow; 

— the action of the De Laval is so plcising ood stimulating that oows 
almost invariably produce more milk; 

—the De Laval is practically fool-proof and does not require a lAiUed 

^t not only milks better but faster, thus saving more time; 

— it is easy to wash and ken> in a sanitary ronditkin. 

Therefore, the De Laval is l>y far the cheapest in the end. In a<kB- 
tion, it is sold on such easy terms that yoa can have the use of it while 
it pays for itself. 


l*SBr«adw«3r MOJ< 

Papec Machine Compaay 

178 Main Street - ShortnrOle, 
Oyer 50 Distrilmtimg CcMcn 


f Throws 

Saves One 

TiitPapee b mait mfomrmodtbt 
klO. NU» L-16amiKl9. 


T7te Cutter nat noes Not Ch6' 
Good Silage Saves Grain 

Good silage cuts your feed bills and increases the milk flow. 
It's easy to fill your own siio when die com is at hs best. 
Just put a Papec on the job. You can operate it with less 
help because no man is needed at the feed taUe. Light 
draft and low speed fit it foe use with any l^t tractor — 
Fordson, McCotmick-Deering, Qetrac, etc. 

A Papec runs year after year widiout broflkdawn* and practuaOy 
wiUxnit tepain. It fills the highest silo without claggn^. 

Go to your dealer— today. Select the style of Papac bat fitted fat 
your reqiiiretnents. It will p.iy for itself in two acMons. Your 
dealer win amng* tanns to suit your coovcaiaaoa. 




Staff Coatribotor and Adriaer 

at tbe Dcpartaentol Dakr Rofbandry 
PcaoiVlraBta Bute Collia* 

Crawford County Show 

THE Crawford County purebred 
dairy cattle breeders held their 
first sKbw and sale at Cambridge 
Springs on June 24 and J5. The oc- 
casion attracted dairy enthoElasta 
from all jmrts of the state. 

The wide scope ot the dairy cattle 
impro\rement work made It yoesi/ble to 
arrange a most successful show. Tti« 
lines of activity include a cow test- 
ing association, a bull association, 
and calf club work, besides other 
lines of a general nature. The Craw- 
ford County Holsteln Ball Associa- 
tion, made up of thirteen blocks and 
108 members, is one of the )arg«st 
in the United States. It was organiz- 
ed in October, 1919. and ha.« grown 
steadily ever since. Today there are 
over 1100 purebred olfsprlne from 
these bolls, about half of wklch are 
heifers. Over 100 of the purebred 
male offering are now In serrice in- 
the county. Nothing has convinced 
the fanner memt>er» of the Taltie of 
the association more than the in- 
creased production which the fsmale 
offspring are showing over their 
♦lama. In some cases this Increase has 
been as much as 125 per cent. 

Three Calf Clubs Started 

The calf club is a more recent line 
of activity. Three local cinbs were 
started last spring, each club repre- 
senting a different breed. The Jersey 
club has sixteen members; the Guern- 
sey club, twelve members, and th« 
Holstrtn club, eight members. Each 
club was represented at the fhow. In 
most caseF practically all the mem- 
bers were present and proudly dis- 
played their calves. 

A total of lU entries of all thre« 
leading dairy breeds made up the 

Crawford County is one of the* 
three counties in Pennsylvania 
which Is now entirely free of iKrrlne 
tuberculosis. With this ftmndatfon 
of tnberculosls-fre^ animals, the fu- 
ture looks very promising " for the 
local breeders who are now actively 
engaged In cow testing, bull associa- 
tion and calf club work. 

Secretary of Agriculture F. P. Wll- 
lets. and Deputy Secretary John M. 
MfKer attended the show and dis- 
cussed with the dairymen the vigor- 
ous carapaTgn for tuberculosis eradl- 
eadon which the state Is about 
ready to launch. — O. J. 

rancid lard and i pint of keraaene 
This ie mixed Into a creamy mass 
and rubbed on the backs and necks 
of the cows with a doth or the kare 

Another formula which is consid- 
ered satisfactory by HL J. Perry, 
dairy specialist of the New Jersey 
State College of Agriculture, Is: 1 
pound of common laundry soap, 4 
galloni^ of water, 1 galloa of cni^e 
petroleum. 4 ounces of powdered 
naphthaline. Cut the eoap Into shav- 
ings and dissolve in hot water; 4i#- 
solve the napthaline in th« enide oil 
and mix the two solutions tboroly. 
Apply with a brash. — W. 

Columbia Guernsey Day 

ELEVEN hundred people attended 
the sixth annual picnic and field 
day of the Columbia County Guern- 
sey Breeders' Association h»ld on the 
Carl Steavi-ns farm near Stillwater. 
The main attraction was a cattle 
show, with eighty-four head on ex- 
hibit. There were addresses by M. T. 
Phillips, of Pomeroy, and County 

«„^„. r» ri V.'<<?t..v \f T PliiDIlM 

Judged the cattle, placing the indl- 
vidualH to the satisfaction of the 
crowd. Following the gp«^king pro- 
gram six young high type Guernsey 
bulls were sold at an average price 
of $94.60. 

Sam Yost, president of the Asso- 
ciation, and M. J. Grimes, president 
of the Columbia County Farm Bu- 
reau were leaders in the affair.— 
N. S. O. 

Two Fly Repellents 

APAIRLT satisfactory mixtara 
for keeping fties off dairy cows 
In kot weather consists of 1 pouad ot 


Hot House Lambs 

I have a flock of higb grade 
Meriao ewes and would like to 
produce bot house lambs for an 
eastern market. At what time 
must the ewes be bred and how 
sboald they be fed before bre«A- 
in«? What kind oT a ram shoold 
I use. — ▲. R. W., Fayette Coaa- 
ty. Pa. 

Tha gHtetion period of shoe* Is 
ap pi a u rt — *sly fire months. It to de- 
sirable to kare the lambs ooom early 
in order to gvt then oa the laaifcet 
before too many lambs are availaWc 
Lambs that axe dropped daring the 
month of December can be marketed 
during the latter part of January or 
early In February. 

In order io kava early Deoember 
Iambs it will be necessary to bree<! 
the ewes early In July. This time of 
the year is not the natural season for 
most sheep to breed, but the llertno 
ewes can be bred at this time If 
properly handled. About two or 
three weeks before the ram is to b< 
turned in with the flock the ewes 
should be put on a fresh pasture If 
it is available and also given a small 
allowance of grain. This should con- 
sist of three parts oats, three part* 
corn, three parts wheat braa, and 
one part oil meal by weight. TIj'' 
ewes should be fed about a ponri'l 
dally of this grain mixture during 
the "flushing" season and for a 
couple of weeks after the ram has 
been put in with the flock. 

Mstton Breed Best Type of lam 

It is essential to use a ram of om- 
of the mutton breeds in order to 
produce high class lambs. Any cl 
the mutton breeds will mate well 
with the Merino ewes, but it to es- 
sential that the ram be of excellent 
mutton type. The low down blocky 
ram will aire a better crop of lamibj 
than one that Is angular and not of 
good mutton type. .The ram should 
be cptven a liberal allowance of the 

the ewes. This feeding should he 
continued until all the ewes hav" 
been bred. 

There is a growing demand for 
winter lambs of good quality <m the 
eastern markets. 

In order to produce winter lambs 
Buccpssfnlly it is necessary to have 
comfortable winter quarters for the 
ewes at lambing time. T1i« bars or 
Bhed In which they are kept should 
be dry and reasonably warm. If the 
bam or shed can be arraa^ed bo as 
to allow plenty of sunlight to come 
ia the lambs will thrive better thao 
If boosed In a place whera ao auli- 
light can B«t In.— W. H. Tombav*. 

July 11. 1925 








describing the Biggest 

Yaluef in EnuUge Cutters 

* AC H mod t*! of Dick's Blizznrd will do more 
' work, iiSifiK a Kfivn htirHt-jtowLT, tbun any other 
bii^ilut;«cuttor of similar ratintf. 
fluro lire two moiicratv pric*Hl Blizzard ootflta that 
|o wonderfui work, nuiiiir Kordfon power, ut very 
' upke*"?. Mixlel K-2\\ illii»traU'.l atmve. equii^ 
1 with ilficient PfKlclle Roll Self-lV-d. jrivea « to 
tons per licn-r cii|i»«.*ity. MtMlcl K-lSi id a little 
kr^er and jrivcs t* to \'i toiia per hour rapa«*ity. 
Tivc other BMiiani mfxleN op^rnf.nK on ItH to 18 
DrRcpnwt-r: ^'vinir cnimc'ty t'» i to "^.j fonn per 
pur, itrp <i'-s.'rih. .1 ir. our bixA; also "I'unoDi" 
ted Cdtttra l«»r 1 an-l oi^.l powvr operation. 


I runnififct." "L''> ""'"t vrk p«r H. I'.," *'Safi'i»t 
lopcTatv," "LwiitfL'-.t liuLiim* • "Dofineit work.'* 

: JOS. DICK MFC. CaO<^.l$ .CANTON, a 

at C<'M4>n>«al Lfi^inkuHn^ A>inM. 

Own Your 
'hreshing Outfit 

u will savo wheat If v .11 tlirwh iriicii the train 

roil will DiiTe mrmcy by foi^tHlni the full pro- 
h .xU nf \niir crt.p. 

fill will -nil- ilriHi iinil Inbor by Biillnx aa 
ULI8 CHAMPION Thi.-lur (.n.l s",«ir»i..r 
K> iu;ciur h"W -mall ..r lioiv ljr;i' ^..llr lainii, 
fe h.ivc a iiia'lilii.' lUat will -u.i »..iir tiei-.n 
• iTilitii to till' «lM (if V :i:r Eiuiiii' we pan 
:iacli any or all of our nuiU'-nniH Uliur sartiK 


Jrit* today for our free bnolclft dcHCTlbln^ our 
irtous styles and ilzm of ttari-shcr-. 

(Ellis Keystone Agriculhiral Works 






iws Wood Fast 

•will cut from lu to 26 corrla of wood • dar. 
to operate and more. New d^vico maka* 
■tartitiK in any temperature. Trouf.Ie-prool. 
ItreesandHawstheminto blocks- niti» other 
I machinery. V a,t money maker and bi» labor 
Only aniall amount down. 

, W ^^ ''•^K »nd .Low Ea«r Payment 

.. , Pri.-es. No nliliffation. 

k.. ,^^"^ ENGINE WoftKSL 

|44 tVillc Bldo.. ICaaMB Cltv M». 

' Empire Bra's. PltlM^IS!;^?!: 

i M 

i m 




ronsi rurtlon for sailKfartion. quiUlly 
(cir WT\ ic", iloor frami-s with <li)oni 
that rnu not nwell r:Lsi < imii nr 
iii'iicihly psiyimtiK Special price* 
now. Free 1 ;ii.:l « Openlnit Hooft 
('>r a full sllowiihuni "'fllllii< 



(B« P.) 


*~?rT-v-s» f"r> 

10$Vi8!hVt. Phik. Pa 

"tr? ?*~?rT-v-e 


« BEDDING c:u 

WrUtfoT DtUvtreJ Priien in Cur Lol^ 

■car Smith A Son, Albany. N. Y. 


I ralor. S|ir< 
r Qallowar' 

■fen roaboy aa Boa...*. »*»•*- 

- -. '■ IMW low prlea: avvc S to s 

SW.OOO pUa4»tl ev«lon#ra t««titr U 

Hun\^m A*aUmi>, bMtmiiUrlttla. 3«t 

^ wfBctloa ■a»rant«*d. S^Ml for (*«tfttotf. 



VennsytVania Farmer 


Conlucted by W. C. Fair, V. S. 

Advi™ turn thl.i doiurUiii-nt U tri-e to our 
hUlMcrlbvrs. Eacli coiuiuuulimion sbuuld state 
nlatory and sjuiptonui of the cviae in full; also 
tlio name and a<idn'<(« of writer. Iiiliuu only 
will be publUhcil \Vn canaot moke rrplv bv 
uisll. TliU U iiiio of Ihe lunit taluahle (v.Jumni 
of the iiaiier and wo Invite ri'iders to make u.-.e 
of It Cllpyliiis from lliU ouliuiui. wlieu prop- 
erly iirei.T>e<J and < latsined. make one of tla- 
nio<t laluahle me<lic»i .sympoilunij a farmer- 
stiickman can obtain. 

HEAVES. — I have a horse that has 
the heaves. He coughs a lot and this 
week while hauling hay up a hill he 
got very short of breath. Will you 
please tell me what to do for it? — 
P. R. T., Drehersville. Pa. Feed no 
clover or dii.«ty or nui.^ty .iry todd«'P 
and not much bulky food. Grain and 
Kia?a Ls the best auinmor tVed for 
him; also give him ont^-half ounce of Fowler'.'i solution two or 
three times a day. Wet all dry feed 
with lime water. 

BROKEN* WIND. — Wo have a 
horse that cough.- a snat deal and 
we are told that he is broken wind- 
ed. If so, what can he done to re- 
lieve him? — R. J. A., Shipppnsbur?, 
Pa. If he Is a ravenous eater, becT 
him with shavinsjM or .^aw, feed 
corn. oats. wh*'nt brp.Ti; al^'o turn him 
out to pa.^ture when ldlf> and leavi- 
him out nl«hts. Give him one-half 
ounce of Fowler's .solution at do-^r 
two or three times a day; or you ran 
Haiely use any one of the commercial 
heave remedies which are reeularly 
ndv.rtised in this paper. Kindly un- 
diMstand you .should not feed him 
much bulky food. 

LOCATION'. — I have a cow that has 
had stifle trouble for the past twclvf- 
iiionth.s. The joint s-^eins to partial- 
ly dislocate. Have uppli.d turpen- 
tine, ammonia and oil. but .<*he is 
gradually growlnsi worse She drags 
her toe In the ground. She is due to 
freshen In a week — R. C. G.. N'ew 
OxforfF. Pa. Dislocations, luxation, or 
displacement without fracture of thp 
bones forming a joint, is compara- 
tively rare among cattle, but when 
it does occur tho stifle joint is the 
most likely Joint to become affected. 
A partial slipping of the cap out of 
place is due to sprain of the liga- 
ments ot Joint. Mix one dram of pow- 
dered cantharldes. one dram biniotje 
of mercury in one ounce of vasellnn. 
then rub it on sittt-. This oinrment 
will act as a blist-r. She should b*» 
tied to prevent her licking stifle, un- 
til the blister cea.«es acting. Repeat 
this treatment in two or three weeks. 

BCZETMA. — ^I have four pigs that 
are troubled with scurvy of hid«'. I 
have wa.-h-d ancl dlpp»d them; also 
gave th'-m salt.s. but they don't Im- 
prove. — C. P. S.. Duboistown. Pa. 
Mix one pint of coal tar disinfectant 
in two quarts of va^-dlne. th>n apply 
to itchy parts of thr-e times a 
week. The pigs should h^ kept clean 
or as nearly so as pos.-^ible. 

M.WGE. — I have a shepherd doer 
which Is troubled with ■m;ui;;e. I have 
tried all kinds of medicine for her hut 
none of them help. Can thi« terrible 
Itching be cured? — J. n.. Vincen- 
town, N. J. You had better try linie- 
sulpliur dip. which Is made in th« 
proportion <it twelve pounds of un- 
slaked lime ((ir sixt«'en pounds of 
commercial hydiat^d Hnic — aot air 
slaked lime), twenty-four pounds or 
flnwpr.B of •-■iilBhiir. iiml «i!i» liijn«lr»(1 
gallons of wati-r. .\ rouph coated dog 
should he dipped, then you can tell 
whfU the skin is healed. Give dog 
five or ten drops of Fowler'.s solutiiui 
at dose in feeil or in milk twice a, 
day. The kennel sliould be waaheil 
with fresh Hill" wa.-h. 




M. C. White. Ilrown. Ulaclt. Buff Leehomxi.tS \Kt I0» 

S. C. JlmuroiJi. S. c. Anconis JIO per lOi) 

Special White lietihunis. Special Pape 

Mir irciis, Uurred lloclu. Wh. Wyandottai lit per HM 

n. I ItiKls ..... $ia per 100 or MLxcd ChlcUs {7 |>er lUO 

14 yoara ctiieilmre. ioO'> live drllven U) >our 
door. Illuhtraltd Cat. and prl-u list free. 


N. 0. Buff and White L.ibonu }!).0O— 100 

!l"T'''l K"""!" 10.00— llM) 

"hue nocks li.iio— loii 

i',>;'l»^ lu.oiv— iiMi 

yi^«»^ ■• 80»-l()0 

le added fur less than 100 lota. IWa live d«U\iry 

■ war .Ml t.Kid cbi.lw. 

JACOB NIEMOW). B ox 6. McAllitervilK, Pa. 


;'> M li).| 

Wlil-e uiid Br. I.eslionis....$2.2S J4.2S $8.00 

Uanwl Itnch-, 2.50 -t.yS D.OU 

'< '■ n«ti 2.75 5.25 10.00 

);''".'<1 • 200 3.75 7.00 

'..UK r.f.r.iH-e. luii'i ll\,. atrial nur.ruiiiid. Panvi 
i'u-l pLiald. OrilT (111.-.' tills B'l or wrlM 
li.r -iirUl prlri., .,11 ',1111 ; 11,1 i.iMKi I..U. Cherry Hill 
Poultry Farm, WM. NACE. McAlliterville. Pa. 

JU5t mail y.iir i.rdi'r. we ihip C. U. D. a!.! gu^u-jntes 
prei-aid loot. Ini' tl-Ii-.^n nf iturdy. wurrbrrd -'im-k-s 
Ir.ii" h..«l!liv bred to lay b.>i.|.,. \v i,. LeulLiros. S. ; 
]lr.,Biu( I^..liniiis, .\hu.. 11.14. th : i:<Li:iK.jc.>, \Vh. il'Vk' 
Si;. 11.(U. yijc; lluir Ib^'U. Iluir iiri- .Wh. Wmji.I., 
Illk. Mb.irinis. Ili-,, ?.■. l>-:.s i.t I.-.4 bun loo 
li' ludre. Silvtr Lake Hatchery, Box PA.Silvcr Lake.lnd. 

Our Readers' Classified 
Advertising Department 

A market place to l>uy or leU at little exDwa*. 
Oyer 95.000 farm famUlM rwd PemuylTUl* 
l-armer every week. Rata 6 ceois a »-./rd each 
for one. two or three co!uiecutlv.i weekly lutw- 
lioaa; S Nati k word each fog foair ..r ooro 
Insertions. Count each number and initial and 
send cash with order Orders. intinuances or 
ihaanes of copy must reach ua bv Wednesday of 
K'ek iireceding date of Issue. All ad>.-rtlseniwu 
set Id unliorm style, u.i display tyiw or Ulustr*- 
liiins. Poultry advi-rilsiuu may run here, but If 
displayed or llluurstloiu used must nu In dla- 
play advertising mlunma at aimmcrcial 'adver- 
t.-lni; rale (5.5 cents per avau llnej. l.iveatook 
adTerllsIng not accepttd In this .le i.artment, 
Minimun, Ten Wom*. 
SenJ alt orJen to 
Pennsylvania Farmer 

261 S. Third St., Philadelphia 


BABV CHICKS— iV 30. mo !.«.. i..,i, jj 25 u 
•:11: l!.«ks, j.i. j..").'M. Jill; \v. i..s:i, ,.,;, !■■ ;•,' !«■ 

■*';•..."'?.'■>'.**'»'"'■ *-''"• **•''>• *•*: l"-ht Mired.' 
• — >. »t. f,. hn.. laiuo. hXt'^ In,, airual tiuar 

v.'ile P '-''''""^" '"*'■ *■ *• '•auKer, McAlitler- 


Per too— S. C. Wliito. Buff « ItDwn r.c«- 
hums. iS. Barri'd uiid Wlil'.. II.>k>. An- 
onnas. i'K n. I. U.-,l.. Wh. W >:iiidirtU.s. Bli..-k 
.IlPi'T'i-. fio. itniT i:.> k-. A lluir On'Uixi'.n<. 
511 M.\i..l $8 II. ..kl.t. fr«>. 
nOLDEN RULE HATCHEI1Y. Dept.D, Bucyrui. Ohio 

Consolidated Beef Scrap 


Coniolidattd By-Product Co.. Stork Yards. Phila. 


I-AllK'S Ur.dto-l»> Miaiu. Nonn IMt.r. tlO.OO— 
I II'. *5..'.i>— .'.n. ,M no— ;">. .stroiii iliix, promiit 
,li«liv«rT and tiuaranteed. 
S. W. KLINE. Box 50. MIddlecrrek. Pa. 

CHIX C. 0. D. 

t iird t'lin.;* til.'!!!, p.'r r„i: 
Wli.. llr. Ivc;li> rus. .\nooii;iji. 

•': 111!:. MiiLTiMs. If, I * Wli Kwk.. ill); 

.\ -'t.L. »«. W.,.|, luitll Sipt. »rlcr now. 


Chirks l!vprv Wp«V '"''t ."trams ■•.Martin's" 
oac... SpwMjl inaun.-. Ur; Hn.lbrN. 7o. Bank ref- 
•^tciice. JAB. C. UL8H. Beaver Sprlnft. Pa. 

20.000 DAY-OLD CHICKS wo.klv. i.irke<<. duck,, 

t't'-o. tu ii.'as. Ii.ii'tani-. iiiir.«. c.lli,., stock. r.;.:s 
low. taui.iii. Pioneer Farms. Telford. Pa. 


AYRSHIRE BULL— .fy.-s.n re ni.i.khird''i Id.*l— l»...i 
; . ' '--<• '*'r..d bv .Main'* i,ie»j-a sire of ^.w 
..1"".','? aol^i-hJmpiin |.t.>lu.^rv Imiii L, .Sv<-aui..r.i 
I iilrd. Tills i.iillis will iTown and 1 e"nil indl- 


»idual. tlO". E. I. Mack. W yonilwt, P». 

REG. GUERNSEY BULL, 13 mo. old. re«.ly for 

fr..i. ''ii' L'. B.*h tiiiwulin t-s.'.-ii and bAi« 

1. -h ortl.Mil lUtns. cheap. 


GUERNSEYS— (;u,.n.,..y Irili, of fashl.milu. hi.H,||n/ 
Ir.Mi .V. It. aii.l iin;.-...| d.iin*. .i.s n-llt...l 
„'■' . •.■'"■•■" ""J p.'>li.r>'<'s on aM.ii.^tinii. Willaw 
Brook Farms Co., Cburehyiile. Bucks County, Pa. 


riKi; l.i;i.ii !:i:i;i-.r: i;Kr) 
WOLF CREEK FARM. R. 0. 2. Slippery Rack. Pa. 

REGISTERED GUERNSEY COW f.r sal.-, ex'ra nl.v 

' 1,.. IM,-.. i-y.ii. Al-,, heifer calf j'"'. 



d:ilr>- rnl.e*. J wv. k. old, f:'i"t> i-sih. crated r.>r 
..|iM r.ient. L. 8HIPWAY, Whitrwater. Wise. 

REG. GUERNSEY BULLS— YeaiUni serrliM bull. 

J7'. Al-i H'iii Cjlf. M.n R,.-e .•iirain 


FOR SALE -I'lO I'lirH lir <l llidvUn. Inwll -rii -.m 
:iii.| fjl. ...W-. h. .r.Ti .ii..| hulls. J. C. REAGAN. 
Prenr.. Spot Farm. Tully. N. Y. 

ABERDEEN. ANGUS— Tite neat h. i-f lir>~-d. ':o ,.;i, 
ril'i.i of 'di-.-t ttrtndln-. .«".• mii .v\th wifh r.'.ils'rition 
I'M'Ti. J. S. Mnrsr. Lrvanni on Cayuga, N. V. 



'o Ki-ks I, Id 
»3.50 each. 

Waysillp. N. V. 

ELMWOOD FARMS. P. 0. Bos 15. Bradford. N. Y 

Use for Crank Case Oil 

Dl'^canlptl flank ca.'se oil from tho 
aiiin Of fracinr iiiHke.^ an «'Xi'<'Il''iit 
h'>>; oil aftor a .-^inall amount of crpo- 
^ott• dip i.s adileil. Thl.s liqui<l i;< t-i- 
fi-ctivp in riddins hugs of liof. rrtidi- 
petroleum thinned with a littU' kero- 
sene i.s offprtiv.' in eliminating hog 
niangp or scurry. 

CHESTER WHITES— llt.'d -^-nn. .■<i,nn- rf 
>«lliinil nrlj" wlnniuj h|,..dllnm«. PUSEY CLOUO^ 

Quality Durocs .3,';!;,^.i^',f^-."pr;t;;r"'"" '"■'■ 

G. C. SAUFLEY. Fairtt fld Farm, Humaclifown. Pa. 


(1 'ii,'!>. .11. lino . xtri Ml,. Iviir i.' ■ 


p" ESTtH VYHIIE AND 0. I. C. PIG8-<i ffeofcl .. l' 


Invest in an English Shepherd Pup 

or ■. '!!•!-• i|.',' ili.i' will *...n c..f II.- .>.!! tji.r 3,, I 
Nl'iiiil, |. .Ill .111,.!.-.. In ,|n-,.. at thi. Ij... |j airkiii,|< 
..f .- .'. W. W. NORTON. Oodenabu^. N. Y. 



■. f..r ■ 


iii'iif'.! Farm 
-T : '...rtl 

r.r.r.l«'''il''i COILIE PUPS The b.nd»iM um to- 

telli.:(ot kitii. Atin, Foi Terrlera. 

•nunotl KENNE LS. B« N«. 37. ■rwi d ie. Pt, 

PEDIGREED COLLIE PUPS It. iitifui iT,;,., . ■„( 
ll.'.il .|iialii\. Siii...r;,ir l,r.- -I ■.- ,<..,.,.|,,| l.m v, - ., 
r..inii..s ;iii ,..,rii Phimmcr MrCullough. Mi-ieer P.. 
GREAT DANE PUPPIES r.,r in).. Piiri-I.^d . - 1 
Inn, :.,!..^l PAUL LlAMAM. Cirtf in Hand. 
Lanraiter Co'intit, P». 

COLLIE PUPPIES. ii.» Nttir ...iri. lllii-'ni.- 1 'irrular 
fii*.. CliwpiniKik Kennels. Ctiambenburv. Pa. 

'*"*'-','''T„ CHlCKS-l'.stniliL vol l..,'h.>nn. lario 

Tl-. 1. 1. IIi'.tiiiiia», Sir,. .\...,.)rt i- raulOinM 
, MlMourl Poultry Farm a, Columbia. Miiiouri. 

p14ICKS 7i' u;.. C. O. Ii. I! ..-k,. |i,..i.. • ._r..rii, and 
.>llji.d.j;OUi 1U0'« dt'hv.'ri- iPiaraiito-d. pam. 
I'lilet. C. M. Lauver. Box 43. McAlialerville. P«. 

LEGHORN PULLETS I r .al... Fr .. r.u.. b.alUlT 
•_n uii.l I.^.|._.- »■,.,•:.-. I!,u.-.,liaiik-. Fairlte.d PoultfT 
Farm, Faintrld, N. J. ry—ar 

S. C. WHITE I.E<;;toil.\.s. buby dii. k. ID.- Hamy 
Aukrr. Liverpool. Pi. ■■ — ••» 


HEATING AND PLLMBING-I wi:i fiinit!! ai.'t to- 
NtjU a b"t air. >'.-.ini ..r l,,* whut sv.<teoi 
m y.>iir bcimc in li.-^t laa..,, iiiaiuier at Ui." Inwaar 
I'^iM'' |in<i! oil :>avineat |,;.in Ivui.iIml: 
.11.. I wat.-r sv .•.•.,,. tVi.T" sonli'o. s-iM i.iari ot 
vmr h.,u..« With ititii.ii.i.iis. Thoi. C. Teasue, I7( 
Broekwood St.. Eart Orangr, N. J. ■"»"'• •'• 

FREE TRIP TO CALIF0RNIA-4>ei tiir..e s.wd !•- 
:«.nMt>lu larmeri to io witti you l« :11s ,.>.■' ( allforala 
-Uto-:ipprjv,.d land. Oi,i..niiiiity tor i.u,- i....)d man 
In .arb (•..muiuniiy ;.> J.iin ;ar<e« laud ...iImu orjan- 
u.itl,ji, in IT. s^ Writ., f >r ditalU Herman Ju«t. 
1197 TrantpM-tation Bldn.. Chlcapa. III. •••••• 

ROOFINO—Renuiaota. smooth TOrf»c» 1 nlr PSe- 
» pjy. U.OS: 3 Ply. II.S5 per ™"^B. Halo 'H^Si 
Wrecking & SUvapP Cfc, 477 Waid?* Ave.. Buffal? 

RICH MAN'S t'lin lli'vi ,1 r ; •, ir 1 m'- pr.'.i only 

5J.1 III) will, iiimdln t ili.!'. Kr..» ca'aloi 
-I. mUii,; p,. nil... or bjn..,T..r. Boa iZi. Salina. Kana. 

WANTED— .^..icral r.ini .;n t> |.i„|.i,.., ,.,,1, 

i ■::'■;" Boi-204:"¥;;n^yi;:;n.r'^ariiw. "-^ ""^ 

FARM DITCH DIGfiER-|i.„;.| ...r .vr, y ., p^,. 

BIG DELCO PLANT. ... *,. ., . , .. . ,,. r.,naiiJon 
Prioe,;!-., w. Hil'pnt. Frenchto«o. N. J. '"""""• 


CABBAGE. l»iilill.i«..r. T "ujt.i. llr.L-... •> (,.u.<«nd 
< ill n Pi;.iii«: '..noo.ii.Mi i.,;.i,aae nu.'.rj .|i....i Vuwi 

j' "• -^ll H'«' E»ri>. .•<ii"..^*l.m. NVa:..i;.l Eifto 
.* Early ainl I ,.» Hm Urn. h. s-.r. :, -ii Htf. 

0,0. 5i«ii.--ja; .v,.,_.i| -.y ,, ,„m ,.^„j'rt,£; 

!.;„. "V ''" .''il "*' '"'■■> »' l'"t ' ir It •. 1 ner 

moo.— *». .v,o-J2.'ii .ino.noi) T. ..•.> i-lajSi 
Mi.h.. ijnd .Mitrhl,..,. K;eld «r..wii pun-. »l w 

' Tr,ii,Miiiuiu..| piunt, IS per MOt ;;.i).i ,..»iw I'X 

'.L- "'?'"S '"',?'!»• .^•"'. 0.>lilni s.'\f 

..^■^■"■^.t*"'*'.^-"", •"""•"""'• "'•'•*<« ••"«'-. wmt-T 
•iui-n. <,lant Pai..-:.! an.l Wi,,-. muM . f ,l,r |,Viio 
.•n..t,,| V;..'l I.'r M.iii 2.1,1 1.10 Uru,.,.!, s,^n»U 

t 'r In^o h-t "f all plm. , . ii,|, witb ,i^J..r, >.i«u^ 
Paul F. Roehelle, niarrtitown. |i. |. ' *'" ''"**• 

2001.000 CABBAGE PLANTS— June. July dellrptT 

1 :.i, I..J- -I,, Itallhen.l .M.:| prcpiM. 11,. f.-,,"oO 
,1. .10; MID. 11.23; MoO. <.• -. Kipn-n ,'. , in. |7 50' 
tanliBow.r ami As,, r. Imi. :ik»n Bh. „.ir li,.™ 

ohi"i:'- '■'■' '"^ **• '• ""''■ " " >. "M;..i'ir,T 


Tie. ri iiitm s.|r. riianl 

Sehmrat. Bri«taL Pa. 

MILLIONS CABBAGE ml i.,nit. 1. ,., 

1 > W. W. Wiiliamt. Franklin. Vj 


WANTED— Two sIilM «., ni:dn,» n- -1 t.i tnan 
.-I., aii.l ..orik I1..1W »i, -r.. .in^:.. men an- Ii.ntivd 
"11 rami. IVIva'o aiMrtm.'nt witli Ik-.l r.'ni. ..llUnit 
. • .,0 .in.l Ii.i.Ji. all i»..iv •ri|..Tiis-.~. i^Tin.,-....., |„.mn 
wajei ?i!0.iM> for oxk. J.W .i.( for a^uun' It f.".;'^ 
r..|ulied. In .iuini Lauf«« Lo<^li« Farmi. Pottatown. Pk 

i-u ■IS.-ter Mid.." .-.-hlr-H r.,r l.r... Mi,..ifa,.turwr 
'hi.'.t t.. wnor.-r. Ni rjpi-al „r ••ti>.n.-n « r.iiuired. 
Many JM.I w..kly and Ivm-ii. MadiMx CorMf»> 
Hon. 507 Broadway. New York ^^ 

WANTED — i*in tie ra-^ fir n.-ri-Tdl f*^ 1 

in.iM) - - - - 


; ,n m) !.r ni.>i;.h.| r.«>m and wa.b;iij. Antlf 
Laurel Locks Farm.. Pamtown. Pa. " 


HOMESPUM TOBACCO i-hinrinc. a*. nm,n,ii II M- 

11. t- .«; .miiii:,;*. fit, rnJUJnl.. HZi: f,.ii, »J 90; 

!_ •,.. fr . . pay wli.n r..-.':v...|, vi'i«f».-'i m <riirinteo4 
Co-eperatlvp Tptecc* Arowtn, Maxana mil, Ktn. 

HOMESPUN TOBACCO. . Ii«el,n. 5 lb, (I M t.w 
•- . ■'i.i.kliiit. .-. Ilw . -SI .-,.. t„n, »..'.i,i fij. a^,^ 
ri'ufih' k'"'" * ""^''l'' fnw.. Farmrri Union. p». 

HOMESPUN TOBACCO; .Tiwlnj: 5 H- . »l .-.ft- 1»_ 
•. .!>. s-M.ikUi;: r,^..|.-.: |i<^«:!. MiM; lil-^itSO 
I ..) wlii-ti r... i.lri.l. r. Oupton. Bardwril. K». 


FftRM-tno smM o,. ijjt, liutpf,,. r.,,-..n, .sh..m 
TTinliiii.l. I«, inil,., fr ,.„ Kniiii-ib-.ti:, . .uiima-l 
•Ijiit.l,... Whi «,b,»,i,. ai, „ii.^ jp,.„ B«,,^„'- 
Uie»|...ike la?. \..r^- t»-.. u„4 f.f r.rntin.' Oo-.l 
1.',, .li,u-. I ....nUI IHK* b..>.«, Hi.-h :r.iui.|. «a„| 
ilriliii. .«iri.«m ..f wii.r ill ,»,.,. ri,.i,| ,„, fi_, 

DH^w,.^'""'- "'- '"'*''"" "<"•«!"«. WiiminrtU, 

Scotch Collie Pups •*: ««.'«".' ii.; 

nr. r. 

>LEASE say : "t saw your 

lulv. in I'ennsylvaui.a Farmer." 

Ofow can the Warrens 
afford such thin 

their income is no 
larger than ours " '^ 

AatomobiU t'luipment.tente. 
eookiiiK uU-nB}lf. Etovt«, t*- 
hlcwart-, nshinx tnckW . ■1ln^ 
and riflw. AxfF, park-M«llt. 
bMlii. hammo-'li". blanket* 
cmmp phonovrMi t'^.i'Hmt-rsF. 

Il'SED to wonder how they do it, 
loo." replied Mr. Butler. "Until 
Tom Warren got to talking while he 
was showing me over the place today. 

"It seems that the Warrens buy practi- 
cally everything from Sears Roebuck, 
and Tom says they save enough on 
necessities in that way to pay for the 
extra conveniences and luxuries that 
you see in their house and around 
their place. 

"Tom showed me the latest Sears 
catalog and said that it contained over 
.\S,(M>0 items, on everyone of which 
there was a real saving." 


One customer who has alw^ays got 
comparative prices on the goods he 
has bought of Sears Roebuck reports 

that he has actually saved $8M on 
$3,000 worth of goods bought here. 
$800 will pay for a great many luxuries 
at Sears' prices. 

And there Is no additional profit tacked 
on luxuries at Sears— although most 
merchante seem to feel that buyers of 
luxuries will pay prices that allow 
such extra profito. 

It is one of the proudest achievements 
of Scars Roebuck that thia house has 
been able to bring so many modem 
conveniences and comforts within the 
reach of the workers of the nation. 

This is, first of all, a store for tboac 
who must earn what they spend and 
who, therefore, cannot spend care- 
lessly or extravagantly. 

Wiirdmb.- Mitd di>*Mi imnks 
^^teunrr trunk5< IIhh* uid 
BQttcftsea in lealhfr, fibr* 
■ad KabHkoid. 

clothtnir. halH. '-)ui%:K. ixwierv 
and uniitTW* Hr Athletic ap- 
parel f»«ht rru* "'-. hmitfr"'. 
and liflinK Kitrmer>t». 



and COm Philadelphia 

^f World's Bargest Store owns and opemi 

Ihe Worlds mrgest otore owns and opemfei^. - j^ / 
Station WIS Wave length UsMiters ^f^^f 

Philadelphia Itamt 
l.orgtiU Start 

Ouiow* and rowboatx. Be«> 
bottt motortt, Equipmvpt for 
lM*cb«ll. I^nniit. goM. bfwkft 
b^, bostnr. Hathinr «iitlr 
OMen and trhiMnm. 

linrifc ii fuola. IftK-ti ntowera. 

Rrck'iihof-t .and tBV(n!*prink- 
«. I'ruiiiitir »<l)#urB, FuM 
Implenwnlt- Itmry and oool- 
Iry-kevpinii PuppliM Bar* 
■•■■ and aaodlan- 

ttiono^raph* and recordr 
Maadolmn, iniitaru, bani«a. 
ban>o ukr*. accordions, band 
Instrurnt ri(*. Sheet motk 
and mofitc ioMh Pianoa and 
ptaycr itioroe. 

]^ew Jersey farmers draw up standard rules and regulations for the operation of their 

roadside marhets Page three. 


•pe^'^'-vtVania Farmer 

July 18. 1( 

Too heavy a load 
seldom means 



t- ■ 


biioii t, reduces the expense 
on your FORD 

THE sight of a wood-pile often seems to stir a boy's am- 
bition. To an ab-eady full armtul he adds another log, 
and then another, and then still one more— with the fatniliar 
result! A trail of logs marks his course from the wood-piie 
to the scene of the final disaster. 

But he is just like the man who uses fnwr quality or 
wrong bodied oil in a Ford. He puts too much of a Uiad on 
his engine in a struggle for a penny saving that isn't worth 
the dollar risk. 

He may reduce his annual oil bill by a few dollars. 

But he will probably increase his operating expenses hj 
many dollars. 

Mobiloil "E" lubricates a Ford to give the economy, 
long life and power that the Ford Motor Company builds into 
their cars. Mobiloil "E" atomizes freely as oil must atomize 
in the Ford splash system. It sprays a coverage of oil which 
clings with unusual tenacity. 

This means the utmost protec- 
tion for all moving parts. It 
minimizes overheating, reduces 
the carbon, and gives a surpri^ 

incrlv InrcT^ ttirn^as^ o^ nil rr^!!* 

age, so large that usually it 
means /ess money spent fnr oil. 

For the differential of your 
Ford car use Gargoyle Mobiloil 
"CC" or Mobilubricant as spec- 
ified in the Chart of Recommen- 
dations. For your Fordson trac- 
tor use Gargoyle Mobiloil "BB" 
in summer and Gargoyle MobiU 

■• «C A It - 



1 "A" in winter. 

Lit thtt si^n f^uiJr yitu to fctnimtictU 

lubrnation — not chenpest ptr 

quart hut cheafttt p«r imtU 


Soil and Crop Problems 

Some Legumes for Summer and Fall Planting 

I have a piece of timothy that 
I want to put in corn next year. 
Is there any legume which I 
could sow after harvesting that 
would grow enough to plow un- 
der this fall? Or would it be 
better to sow crimson clover in 
August and plow it under next 
spring? — F. J. K., Baltimore 
County, Md. 

A legume that would grow in the 
late fall and early spring would ac- 
cumulate a greater amount of vege- 
table matter and nitrogen than one 
that would be ready to plow under 
this full. Under the circumstances, it 
would h-i b^st to plow the timothy 
sod as soon as may be practicable, 
lo give the land a partial summer 
fallow and to sow crimson clover or 
winter vetch in August. 

A Good Qrowth Next Spring 

There should be a good growth to 
plow under next spring If you suc- 
ceed in obtaining a stand of efther 
crira8>p clover or vet«h. It would be 
desirable to apply some ilme .in the 
plowed ground prior to seedinc; the 
legtimr. Some carrier of nvuiluble 
phosphoric acid would also b<^ desir- 

If it would be impractical to plow 
th<' field in the summer, you may be 
obliged to depend on a mixture of 
wheat, crimson clover and vetch. 
This might be put in in Septeml>er. 
The wheat would act as a nurse crop 
to the vetch and crimson clover and 
the mixed sowing would give yoti 
enough of additional vegetable mat- 
ter and nitrogen to Justify the «z- 
penae. — J. O. I* 

be a more satisfactwy crop than 
to precede alfalfa. However. U 
rjre is harvested early and the 
is plowed in time to permit the | 
tablishing of a good summer fallj 
it miefat be good enough for the 

ftye as a Green Kaiiiire 

It ie assumed that it is your 
pose to harvest either the rye or < 
BO as to obtain some income (J 
the land. If the rye is to be ploJ 
under as a green manure, it nii[ 
be preferred to oats, since it nij 
give you an opportunity to keep ; 
land covered during the winter. 

After the land i.s plowed and 
lime applied, a^ you intend to 
good seed bed should be establl 
by summer fallowing. A fertt 
containing twelve to fifteen pen 
of phospohric acid and five to 
per cent of potash might be 
with profit at the rate of 300 to I 
pounds per acre.— J. G. Lipman.! 

Alfalfa Nurse Crop 

I have a four-acre field I wlAh 
to aow to alfalfa. I want to seed 
it with rye or oats. Which would 
be the better? This land receiv- 
ed an application oC one and 
one-fourth tons of lime to the 
acre for the sweet clover crop 
which was grown on it last 
year. I will put on more lime 
for the alfalfa seeding. — E. S. 
J., Clearfield County. Pa. 

Bverytbinc conaidered. oats would 

Crops for Dairy Fai 

THE crops the dairy farmer 
should be those that will 
cheaply provide him with feed 
rials necessary in milk producij 
Great dillereDces exist between 
in this respect. 

The corn crop is perhaps thel 
producing the largest amount off 
per acre. For this reason it 
have a prominent place in the i 
rotation. Thi.s crop Is also deslij 
because it can easily be preservfj 
a succulent form. Corn, howeve| 
not a perfect feed. Large aina 
of additional protein are nece.s.sai| 
proi>erly balance the ration. 

The legumes; alfalfa, cTover.j 
beans and peas, not only pp 
protein in abundance but alsoj 
Tide it in the very desirable com 
ation with mineral matter so nf 
sary in continued high milk pr 
tion. At least one. and probablvl 
of the legume crops mentionedf 
be grown on any dairy farm pn 
ed a little preliminary work is I 
in getting the soils into a pij 
condition. — E. B. F. 

News and Notes 

vacut;m oit. roMPATTT 

Brmtchtt in ^-nciiwl citiet. Addrew : NEW YORK. CHICAGO o» KANSAS CrTY 

PUSHCART peddlers sell |3S,000.- 
000 worth of fruits and vege- 
tables a y-ar in New York City, ac- 
cording to tb> United States Depart- 
ment <>t Agriculture. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

Mistrms Thistle, world's champion 
living Ayrshire, was bought a few 
years ago by her present owners for 
1155. At Barclay Farms. Roeemonf. 
Pennsylvania, she recently completed 
her championship record of 23.029 
pounds of milk and 798.63 pounds of 
j btitferfat a.^ a six-year-old. This pro- 
i iluctlon was made at a feed cost of 
$262. r>0. The milk was sold at tea 
cents per quart, making a return of 
11071.10 or $808. CO above feed coat. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

What l« th^ <llffon>nce betwcton a 
breeze, a wind, and a storm? The 
United States Weather Bureau is- 
sues the fallowini? definitions: 
"When the wind blows than 1 
'iiile an hour, the air is said to be 
'calm.' 'Light air' means a wind rate 
from 1 to 3 miles per hour; a 'slight 
hreeze,' from 4 to 7 miles; 'gentle 
breeie,' 8 to 12; 'moderate breeze,' 
13 to 18; 'fresh breeze,' 19 to 24 
miles an hour. At 25 miles an hour 
we have a 'strong breeze,' which itt 
called a 'high wind* from 32 to 38 
miles hourly; 39 to 46 miles an hour 
constitutes a real 'gale.' When sea- 
men talk about a 'strong gale.' the 
weather man interprets it as n wind 

blowing between 47 and 54 mil 
hour; a 'whole gale* is from 551 
miles, and is as aerere as most i 
eare to encounter. A 'storm' 
ranges between C4 and 76 inii^ 
hour, and above 75 miles anjr | 
becomes a 'hurricane'." 

♦ V ♦ 

One of the most successful m(i 
of ridding a house (rf ants is 
use of repellent baits. One of I 
is sodium arsenate. Place an an 
of sodium arsenate equal to twitj 
•ize of a pea in shallow contij 
placed where the ants are fre<l* 
found. Ants are said to shun | 
baits, and after tasting theffll 
leave the house, often renuj 
•way for we^Bli:, 

# #- 4' 

In a compilation relating WJ 
and produots of corn, prepan 
grain investigation specialists I 
Bureau of Agricultural Ecoinj 
more than 160 tise.H of corn are« 
erated ranging from butt 
printers' Ink and telephone ret^ 

Over four-fifths of the crop i 
•nmed on farms, only one-fifth' 
Ire Into general trade channelj 
Bome of that ie shipped again 
farms. But while corn ^'l 
commerce is only a small prol" 
of the entire crop, the crops 
large that the movement of 
the channels of trade is s^" 
v^lini" to that of wheat. 

HiS: 8 


Whole Ho. 1470 

Standardizing the Roadside Market 

[any New Jersey Farmers Are Placing Their Stands under Official Supervision 

JE selling of farm products on roadside mar- 
kets has passed its experimental stage and 
bin certain limit." the method Is now as flnnly 
)>liehed as consignment, f. o. b., or auction 
ag of fruits and vegetables. New Jersey, with 
nany important highways and thickly pop- 
city and .suburban areas is carrying the 
a sttp farther and has advanml a standard 
for these markets and for their operation. 

fie Idea of .standardizing the farmers' road- 

marktts originated some time ago In the 

efforts of the New Jersey State Bureau of 

liets and the New Jersey Horticultural Socl- 

purposing (o aid the tbou.sands of bona fide 

ners who are finding the markets a profitable 

Pet for their crops. Other farm organizations 

erally have backed the idea. 

U! with any marketing practice that has pas.«- 
^ts trial period, there ha^ come into the road- 
market business a number of troubl««onui 
Iblems, including that of bog- 
Imarket operators and outsid- 
1 who seek to exploit the name 
Ihe farmer for their own per- 
\&l gain. 

Standard Flaa Forutilated 

Uexis L. Clark, chief of the 

Jersey State Bureau of Mar- 

, and the Roadside Maritet 

imittee of the New Jersey 

^p Horticultural Society hare 

eloped this past spring a 

e« of rules and requirement. s 

Ixpand this method of selling 

Is full possibilities, and to of- 

|proper protection to farmers 

are willing to operate good 

Itets In accordance with a 

orm practice. The plan form-* 

ed is now known as the New 

ty Standard Roadside M.u- 

lidea. By working out ur- 

if-nts thru the State Bur- 

lof Markets the necesj^ary 

protection Is afforded to 

farmer who meets the rtgn- 



In addition, the producte^ sold at the market 
must be packed .«o that the exposed surface of the 
package plainly represents the entire volume. The 
market it.self is to be located at least ten feet 
from the highway so as to afford ample parking 
space. All apples and wfilte potatoes offered for 
sale must be graded under the New Jersey stand- 
ard grade requ!r^mn;t.s and the general quality 
of all products must be high. 

Owners AeceiTe Certificate 
Automobile accessories or other products may 
be sold but not to such yn extent as to interfere 
with the classification of the market .is a farm 
produce markef. The market must be maintained 
in a clean and attractive condition and open for 
inspection at i.U time> b.v a represenlaiive of the 
State Bureau of Marketi!. 

Farmers meeting these requirements will be 

A New Jersey Standard Roadside Market 

Ie Now Jersey Bankers As- i 
Ition. State Chamber of I 
tierce and State Federation ! 
fomen's dnbe have berom. j 
f'Sted in the move. The ) i 
anurs' organizations have 

the point that in haphazard marketing of 
acts at the farmers' stands, low quality prod- 
late packed or arranged so as to appear of 
ouality. Fore'gn product-^i or those grown 
¥tD< distance from th* market are frequently 
fesented as home Krov.n. 

rhe question of sufficient parking space for 
nobiles to avoid dangerous congestion on 
»il\ traveled highways l.s another point raised, 
1"-.? ,un*^, i,v..- ijii>t couipietiijt il UKuintii 
'P' ration of markets by irresponsible persons 
locate for only a short p«rlod and sell In- 
►r produce bought in the city markets or else- 

*oduce ScTenty-llTe Per Cent Home Qrvwn 

the operation of the standard roadside market 
promises to help both farmers and producers 
lap such has received the support of the gen- 
JPtihlic. Farmers who ncrrpt the plan must 
inre seventy-five per rent in value of the 

th'%r*^*'"^ ^''^y "*'*'■ '<^ «•'" during any one 
■'I They may not wij over feu per cent in 
of farm produce which was produced more 
Ofty miles distant and that ten per cent Is 
Plainly marked or labeled to show Its oH^ln. 

HIS I, a*p of till. OrM Xfw Jtr»ey ^tan^ard tarmeri^' rnndiilde market*, oUirle.! 
Mii.lrr the nfw plan in enn<1aM tMs f.Wllnr metb.Hl aloar ..*nn<l lin«ln«>.« nnr«. 
Tli» market ohotin Is owned by Mlinan niilnec, of Farmt. In BarUnir. 
Ion fojiBly. on Iht roa.1 ht^^^,■eu M..nnl llon.r and .t..»vn. It 1* one of Ihr' 
..r.Blnal slah-MdM market., allrartlve and Mr.lreal.le. Mr. Ilalne- l» rhalrman of 
•,!'r:.j;,rn"l'Vr';,.":rr;'rd ^.VJJ:,': "' '"* ^"^ •'-'^•^ l...r.lca..„ral S.,.l.ty\„V!, 

issued a rertificate by the State Secretary of Ag- 
riculture, whieh autborizeit the holder to display 
one or two standard roadside market signs and 
to use the t- rni ".V. w Jtr.-^ey h'tandard Farmers 
Road.side Market" in his advertlsinp The normal 
inspection fee charged by the State Bureau is f.l 
a year and a sign renlal fee of (4 a year is m.ade 
for each sign. It sales amount to over $1000 a 
year the inspection fee Ss 110. 

( ounty ageiHs are cooperating and altho the 
plan has Just been started it is already receiving 
a generous reception. It promisefi to give suffi- 
cient assurance of reliability so that the roadside 
market business among accredited stands will in- considerably during the coming summer 
and fall seasons. 

ductive and profluble service in cerUin ileitis of 
work upon which civilization largely depends, 
especially agriculture, the Industries and Indua- 
trial sciences, and the home. It is first of all a 
scientific educational institution where young 
people may prepare themselves, for doing the prac- 
tical work of the world and learn to profit by ap- 
plying the facts of science to everyday affairs 
The land grant college does not apologize for Its 
contacts with commonplace thlnga. It Is proud 
of these contacts. 

But the mission of the land grant college is 
not a narrow one, limited to the increaalng of 
industrial and economic efficiency. It Includes the 
training of people in the art of flving as well as 
in methoas of earning a livelihood. The work of 
the land graoi college is based upon the com- 
paratively new belief that producfve efficiency 
and the ability to live a satisfactory life can be 
combined The college therefoi^e provide.s abun- 
dant training in liberal subjects as well as in 

technical ones. It believes that 

Industrious people, like the mod- 
ern farmer, engineer, chemist, or 
homemaker. t-hould be interested 
and informed not only In the 
technical subjects of their re- 
spective fields but also in such 
subjects as history, literature* 
music and art. 

A Well Balanced Trtuning 
Thus the land grant college 
occupies a middle ground in the 
educational world. On the one 
hand !s the old fashioned class- 
ical school which provides train- 
ing In liberal subjects but avoids 
all technical studies. On the 
I other is the trade school which 
helps a student to learn a trade 
hut gives him little or no train- 
ing in subjects of universal hu- 
man interest. Between these two 
extremes, the land grant college 
provides well balanced training 
for people \\Tio expect to earn a 
livelihood and who wish at the 
same time to enjoy a well order- 
ed intellectual and spiritual life. 
There can he no doubt that 
the land grant college is- fulfill- 
ing its mission. The fact is fully 
attested by the work and the 
lives of thou.-<ands of busy and 
prosperous men and women who have attended 
thii^ kind of collepe and are r» ndering excellent 
service on the farms and in the Industries, scien- 
tific laboratories, and homes of the United States, 
and who are exemplifying high citizenship and 
discharging the duties of re.nponsible leadership. 
These men and women are helping to dignify 
labor, elevate thought, and promote true culture. 
Thpv «rA ^n=flfvj|»p fh*. fjiiff, rtf i^f fmi««Je'*s of 
the land grant college plan who sought to apply 
the theory that :"It is only by labor that thought 
can he made productive and only by thought that 
labor can be made happy."^F. D. Farrell, Presi- 
dent, Kansas Agricultural College. 

Mission of Land Grant Collefi« 

THE fundamental mission of the land grant col- 
ege is to provide educational opportunities 
for young men and young women who expect to 
work for a livelihood and who oe^ij^ cfillege train- 
ing that will help them to n.ake ih»ir work 
fruitful. Interesting, and <11gnSflert. This kind of 
college underiakee to train young people for pro- 

Early threshing of wheat Is urged by exteS' 
slon specialists of the Pennsylvania State Col- 
lege as a means of combating the angoumois grain 
moth. Where It is impossible to thresh early the 
prain should be kept out of the mow; high tem- 
peratures, which increase the aeiivity of the moth 
should be avoided. The millons of dollars that 
are lo.«t annually thru the ravages of the moth 
could be saved if all growers would clean up thdr 
bins In the spring, and thresh before August l0t. 
The moth i£ moet active after September Ist. 

4— 4i 

i, ' 

Kn*~Ted as second-ciass matter at the post office at Phila., Vtt 
under the act oi March 3, 1879. 


MARCO MORROW, Vice-Pres. F. H. NANCE, Sccreury 

NEPF LAING. Manager 
It. P. KESTER, Editor 

C. L. WHITE. Associate Editor 
Household Editor 
Stall Contributors and Advisers 
PBOF. A. A. BORLAND. DairyinR 

DR. W. C. HA IK, V. S., Veterinarian 

DR. S. W. FI. ETCHER. Fruit Crops 
B. C. KIRBY. Poultry 

DR. J. G. LIPMAN, Soils and Fertillter* 
W. C. P ELTON. Garden and Truck Crop* 
PROF. W. B. TOM HAVE. Beef Cattle, Horses. Sheep, Swina 

GENERAL OFFICE — 261-263 South 3rd Street, Phila, Pa, 

Branch Offices for AdvertisinK only : 

Cleveland. O.— 1011 Oregon Ave. N. V. City— 120 W. 42nd St. 

Chicago, Illinois. — 608 South Dearborn Street 

Detroit, Michigan, 1632 Lafayette Blvd. 

Five Years, 260 copies, $3.00 Three Years, 156 copies, $2.W 
Two Year*. 104 " 1.50 One Year. 52 " 1.00 

Remit by draft, postoffice or express money order or registered 
letter. Address ail communications to, and make all remittaaeca 
payable to 

The Lawrence Publishing Company, Philadelphia, Pa. 
m _ ■ 


Si cents per agate-line measurement, nr $7.70 per inch (14 liact 
per inch), each insertion. No advertisement of less than thm 
lines inserted. No deceptive, immoral swindling advertisements 
inserted at any price. l*ennsylvani.-i Farmer advertisers are 
relialde. Special rales for livestock md classified advertising. 
■* Complete information fumisned on request. 

IfSBbet Acrloultursl Publlshtrs Ass'd and Audit Bureau of CIrwilillBna 

V«L 92, N*. 3. PlnU.. Pa., July 18, I92S Whole No. 1470 

OUR JOB l8 to aerre our readers. WheneTer 
you are puzzled write to us and we will help 
you it we can. 

Pessimists are always in the rear, and never in the can 
in the march of progress. Your successful men and worrten 
are never chronic grumblers.— Bishop Samuel Fellows. 

City States 

THERE is some talk of New York City 
tryiiiir to scct'dt- from the stato of New 
York and set up a statf witliin iLscIf. It claims 
that the con.stitufion of the Htato was so fram- 
ed as to give the rest of the state the balance 
of power, altho the city has the preater pop- 
ulation, and that under jiresent conditions the 
city is not fairly represented at the national 
capitol, nor is it permitted at Aliiany to have 
the kind of j?overnment it wants. Just how 
far the city wants to go in the matter of "lih- 
rralizinp" its local affairs it is hard to say. 
but evidently the people are chaffing under 
restraint and wish to go the limit. Chicago 
is thinking along the same lines. 

Some Philadelpiiia newspapers, taking 
their cue from these suggestions, have called 
attention to "unhearahle" conditions in this 
state. The country districts impose their will 
upon the cities and insist upon maintaining 
puritanical restrictions, they say, and this 
prevents the proper development of the cities. 

We ask in all seriousness, are the cities 
fit for complete self government T Do the 
people of the cities really want to have their 
political machines have unrestricted control of 
thi'ir affairs? Docs the "better element" wish 
to be completely dominated by foreign-born 
ideas! Is it not* altogether possilde that althn 
country people are a little slow their influ- 
ence in social, economie and guvernmental jiI- 
fairs in beneficial to the citiest 

Federal Indemnity Reduced 

THE two hundred thousand dollars of fed- 
eral funds which became available on 
July 1, for paying bovine tubcrculo.sis indem- 
nities in Pennsylvania, will not be sufficient 
to match the state funds in the usual ratio. 
Formerly the state paid a maximum of $40 
and the federal government a maximum of 
if25 for each grade animal coudemned. The 

TennspWania Farmer 

amounts for purebreds were $70 and $50. The 
federal lund for tiie current year would have 
to be more than three times as large as it is 
to payments to be continued on this 

The authorities have debated whether to 
l>iiy the full amount allowed by law as long 
iis the federal funds hold out, or to pro rate 
the amount so that thost; who test at the end 
oT the year will receive as much as those who 
finish while there is still some money avail- 
altlt^ from Washington. It has been decided to 
reduce the amount of i)ayment per animal so 
that all will receive a small share of the fed- 
eral fnnd. It has been estimated that the 
f2(Wi,000 will be sufficient to provide a pay- 
ment of $7.25 for each grade and $14.50 for 
each purebred that will be condemned during 
the year. With the .state indemnity remaining 
unchanged this means that dairymen will re 
ceive a maximum of ,$47.25 for grades and 
.*84..50 for registered animals. 

Where the Money Circulates 

Wl'] WHO live in the rich and densely pop- 
ulated sections of the Eastern United 
States sometimes fail to realize how greatly 
we are favored by the wealth which .surrounds 
us and of which everyone has a part. Some 
recently published automobile statistics give 
some idea of how the amount of money we 
spend on this one item compares with that 
spent by the rest of the world. The figures 
show that more automobiles are operated in 
Pennsylvania. New Jersey and New York 
than in any other three states in the United 
States. Sti'l more .significant is the fact that 
there are almost as many automobiles in these 
three Middle Atlantic States as there are in 
the whole Morld outside of the United States. 
Our section of the country ha.>i great wealth, 
and the very fact that there is so inudi money 
in circulation in this territory makes the busi- 
ness of farming less hazardous than in almost 
any other part of the world. 

Study versus Genius 

THE majority of mankind has always been 
j>rone to call that which he did not un- 
derstand a miracle, so he calls a brilliantly 
successful man a genius. Yet in every in- 
stance when the real cause of pronounced suc- 
cess is learned it is found to be due to noth- 
ing else than careful study and hard work. 
Alexander Hamilton was called a genius and 
n financial wizard, yet he says of himself: 

"Men give me credit for .some genius. All 
the genius I have lies in this: when I have a 
subject in hand I study it profoundly. Day 
and night it is before me. 1 explore it in all 
its bearings. My mind becomes pervaded with 
it. Then the effort which I have made is 
what the peo[tlc are phrased to call the fruit 
of genius. It i.s the fnut of labor and 

Accident Insurance 

TR.WEL on the highways is reaching 
sui'h a contlition that the publie mtist 
take serious thousht towards insuring itself 
ai; loss and damage, even to the point of 
compulsory insurance if neei'ssiiry. In a suit 
before a Philadelphia magistrate the other day 
it was brought out that the young (lefcndant 
who had seriously injured a little girl had 
recently bought a second-hand automobile for 
fifty dollars but had not taken out any insur- 
an<;c. Hence the i)arents of the little girl could 
recover nothing to pay doctor and hospital 

The owning of something in the shape of 
a car is the height of the ambition of almost 
every young person. The mania for speed and 

July 18, 10] 

the Iftck of good judgment in many of them I 
makes them a menace when they go upon the 
highways. Something will have to be done] 
about reckless driving. We have reached a| 
condition where it is a hundred times safer to] 
ride on a railroad train than it is to go ontoj 
the public roatls. 

Hut until a way has been found to stop thej 
unfit from driving a car the sensible thing fon 
everyone to do is to take out insurance — lifd 
insurance, and automobile insurance. TrueJ 
money jvill not pay for lives lost, but it 
go a long Avays towards relieving suffering 
and covering loss occasioned by accid«nt8. 

Done Busted 

IT IS reported that the gigantic Grain Mar^ 
keting Corporation about which there 
so much discussion a year ago is to be di 
solved. This was the largest farmer cooperaJ 
tive organization ever attempted, the sum o^ 
$2(;,000,000 |»eing the goal for capitalization 
The attempt grew out of the offer 
the four largest grain dealing firms in Chica§ 
to sell out their business to a farmer organiztJ 
tion and take stock in the new to the valuij 
of their holdings, viz., $16,407,000.- The reasoJ 
ftiven for the proposed dissolution of the neij 
organization is the inability to sell stoej 
among farmers. The farmers of Illinois 
Indiana were opposed to the formation 
such a corporation and secured temporary in 
junctions against the .sale of stock in thosi 
states. There were signs from the first tha 
the movement would not be successful and tlij 
proposal to dissolve is not altogether uncx 
pected, ^altho the sHddenness of the rei>oH 
was a surprise 

Referred without Comment 

UNPKR this" hendlnR we publUh an editorial 
on s-ome current topic taken from the col- 
uinnH of !i rontemporary paper. Its publication 
does not necewarlly mean that the senUmenta 
expressed are the sentlmenta of Penn«ylvanla 
Farmer. — Kditoi^ 


The greatest kicker in the world, the pril 
chronic grouch of the universe, is the farra«| 
if we are to believe the picture painted ' 
many a city editor. 

Recently an open-air extension mcetin 
was held on Tim Cronin's farm near Burrow 
Indiana. For the first time in five years pr 
pects had seemed good for an excellent nM 
and decent prices. Optimism had replaced tli 
pessimism of those five lean years. Then caraj 
heavy frost during late May and for thrd 
successive nights thin ice formed on watj 
buckets. Corn and wheat were seriously d»i^ 

As tho this Avere not enough, contiim 
drought withircd the frost-damtagod crop 
the driest weather experienced in central Ij 
diana within the memory of the oldest inha 

In the face of such bitter discourageiiiPB 
fifty-odd farmers gathered at Tim Croninj 
place to hear an extension specialist fro 
Purdue give the latest wrinkles on the crad 
cation of Canada thistle. Strangely, instc 
of a long-faced, solemn audience, the fariof 
laughed and joked with one another, grecH 
neighbors with smiles and kindly words, an 
while waiting for the meeting to start, a f<J 
of the younger bloods sang "It Ain't Ooa' 
Rain No More." 

Perhaps farmers are the greatest groucb 
on earth. But even a city editor maght M 
changed his mind after attending the meetrf 
on Tim Cronin's place. — Indiana Parmei* 

hly 18. 1926 

Washington Letter 


IMENT. — The refipruso to national 
defense day. July 4. did not meet the 
lexpectatlons of its promoters. It was 
Ifound that July 4. altho largely given 
lover »o the exhibition of patriotism, 
lis not an appropriate day for such a 
[)rograni. Some persons look upon 
thiB defense test aa a reflection upon 
llheir loyalty to the country. They 
Nay that there never in any crisis 
las been a lack of Americans to en- 
list in the service when War and 
lavy Departments were ready for 
Ihem with the neceF.=ary equipment. 

-The surplus in the Federal Treae- 
>ry for the fiscal year ending June 
|0. was $250. 505, 238. .S3. The total 
[rdinary receipts for the year were 
|3.780.138.«84.42 and the expendl- 
ires chargeable against such re- 
Bipts were $3,529,643,446.09. Thla 
hll warrant a reduction In Income 
id surtaxes of over $500,000,000 
fnators of both parties are saying. 
Just before he left for his summer 
Icatlon. President Coolidge an- 
inred that he would recommend a 
lluction of $490,000,000 in taxes 
the present year. This estimate, 
»-ever, was predicted on an eatl- 
ited surplus of $200,000,000 on 
Ine 30th. According to the Presl- 
fnfs estimate thfp would warrant 
$.'>40.000.000 nit in income and 
Irtaxes. The income tax receipts 
Ir the year amovmted to $1,760,537- 
Vs.fiS, exceedinp' the estimates by 

Pennsptvania Farmer 

IICBS.— It Is 

led. according 

lews from 

jent has 

now definitely set- 
to rt-cent financial 
France, that an agree- 
been reached between 

France and Germany whereby the 
(roduction, distribution and the sale 

potash mined in the two couh- 
ries will be regulated by a Joint 

The result of this-- new agreement. 

is claimed, will be a general In- 
rease in the price of potash In the 
^orld markets. The Germans, how- 
irer. assert that prices will be held 

a level which will give the indus- 
ty only a reasonable profit. 

-A joint congressional committee 
ill liegin hearings in Washington 
ily 20 on the new postal rates. 
Betings will also be held in several 
|her cities. Crltlripms and suggea- 
>ns from all clashes affected are re- 
lested. It Is understood that many 
Jotests on the new rates have been 
eeived by the committee. The day- 
1-chick men and the farmers gen- 
»lly are opposed to the parcel poet 

^N MARKETS. — Several cars of 

pet cream are being shipped to 
fctern markets pach week by the 
Innesota Cooperative Creameries' 
iociallon. and sold In competition 
fh the product of the Dairymen's 
»gup Cooperative Association and 
ker eastern cooperatives. 
It is suggested by some of the 
pdents of cooperative marketing 
It the most urgent need just now 
for the commodity cooperatives to 
Operate among themselves In the 
Mribution of the products they 


»WS. — A heavy reduction In num- 

Ir of dairy cows all thru the cotton 

"ites Is reported. Indicating that all 

|p efforts of the state departments 

agrlpulture and college extension 

Idn-^try in the South, except In fav- 
P'll .-'•'ctlons. are futile when the 
[icp of cotton re.nches a profitable 
^!p. — E. E. Rpvnolds. 

instances will replace several of the 
smaller schools. Improvements of 
transportation methods Is the prim- 
ary reason, but the advantages of 
larger and modern buildings have 
more to do with it. Several consoli- 
natlon projects are reported as nice- 
ly to come to consummation this 

FARM WAGES UP.— Slight in- 
creases in wages for farm hands have 
been reported from some of the dis- 
tricts near the large cities, but even 
at that they are not bringing people 
who are suffering from slack times in 
some of the industries. Reports to 
the Departments of Agriculture, 
Labor and Industry indicate that in 
some communities there are enough 
hands, but in others the experienced 
workers wanted at harvest time and 
late in July are scarce. The advance 
In wages is slight and not general. 

doubt as to orchard owners, farmers 
and market gardeners in districts In- 
fested with deer not wanting to go 
along with the state plan of provid- 
ing fences have been sent glimmer- 
ing by the June applications. Ehiough 

decisions by the Public Service Com- 
mission indicate the Commission is 
determined to require owners or op- 
erators of bus lines to stick to routes 
and that regulation for sightseeing 
tours is coming. In some of the de- 
cisions men who have been taking 
side trips and making arrangements 
with mill managers for regular haul- 
ing of employes even if not on routes 
specified in certificates have been 
called to time. It is very evident the 
Commission Is aiming to keep bus 
routes as definite as those of trolley 

ASK ON BUCKWHEAT. — ^The fin- 
al request on acreage this summer 
will be made shortly by the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture on buckwheat. 
The acreage data on most of the 
grain crops is well in hand, while 
the estimates on production Indicate 
considerably more corn generally in 
the states, a gain in wheat notably 
in southern counties, but oats, corn 
and fruit rather hard hit. 

RITRAL TAX STUDY. — Prelimin- 
ary plans for study of rural taxation 


Kood set, with a light June drop Fall 
°"d^ winter varieties are progressing 


Kernel Kob't fievue. 

requests were received in that month 
alone, chiefly from the South Moun- 
tain region, to use up half of the 
money set aside from hunter's li- 
censes for a year. In northern coun- 
ties farmers are holding meetings 
calling upon the state to bear the 
whofe cost of fencing as a matter of 
protection and the Game Commission 
will go out and meet with them for 

State highway authorities have call- 
ed attention to the fact that money 
recently allotted a,s county shares 
from the $5,000,000 for state aid road 
construction requires county com- 
missioners to Indicate their prefer- 
ence and when that Is done formal 
applications mn.xt be made. No work 
will be done under this allowance 
this year, but It Is hoped to have 
CDaaiucrauiC ni'icagi undtrtaktii in 
1926. The highway department has 
again called attention to the fact the 
roads added to the state main high- 
way system by the art of 1925 will 
not be taken over until June 1. 1926. 

New Jersey Letter 

the recent meeting of the New Jer- 
sey State Board of Agrirnltiire. Sen- 
ator David H. Agans. Mast.r of the 
New Jensey State Grange, was elect- 
ed to the membership. The appoint- 
ment Is taken by agricultural lead- 
ers to mean a further desire on the 
part of the State Board to accord 
representation to as wide a group of 
farm organizations as possible. Sen- 
ator Agans. thru his contact with the 
i.Cn' Jrt.scy Fuu*;! lilj^ii ijf Comity 
Boards of Agriculture, virtually rep- 
resents that organiseatinn as well. 

Harrisburg Letter 


I tne opinion of people at the State 

"Pitol who hnv». htt-n observing the 

end of rural .school building, the 

imtng two-year period will prob- 

Piy see the clo.aing of more one- 

3m school houses than has been 

i^Z^ '".. P«'n"'^ylvanla. Many of 

»e plans being filed with the public 

|«tructlon authorifle.K are for two, 

iree and more rooms In numerous 

— First tests of rattle for tuberculo- 
sis made during the week Just closed, 
kept the state's veterinarians on the 
jump, according to the reports com- 
ing to the State Capitol, and the 
presence of the testers had the effect 
of considerably stimulating Interest 
in the work. Townships In half a 
doeen counties will be added to the 
list during the week ahead. Agricul- 
tural department officials are work- 
ing out plans for prompt handling of 
Indemnity claims. 

mercial fruit growers in central and 
southern New Jersey are now start- 
ing the movement of early apples to 
market in fairly large quantities. In 
the more .southern counties early 
sorts moved in a small way around 
the flrst of July, while the commer- 
cial movement of such varieties as 
Starr from other sections started in 
quantity the week beginning July 1%. 
The majority of this newly popular 
variety is handled by the Jersey 
Fruit Growers' Cooperative Associa- 
tion. In general, the promise Is for 
a bigger apple crop than for several 
years. Nearly all varieties had a 

In the tomato canhouse area ' drv 
weather as well as smaller plantings 
than usual have induced canners to 
offer growers an opportunity for 'n- 

age' fIm" •^"•"'■""^ ^^^"^^'^ ^re- 
age. Fields are quite uneven and 

Planting and replanting are still in 

?p?^Tr. ^'^P*"-*" '"'^"^^te thi vel; 
few of the growers are accepting the 
cpportunity offered to Increase Their 
acreage under contract. The early 

ZlZ"?n "' ^,'^%T'-'^«* tomato crop 
started In early July. Lack of moist- 
ure, growers state, has made the 

able of carrying well for long dls, 

San?sTn'o"?r'- ^'""'^^^^ °' "«-''; 
Plants In other commercial areas al- 
so accounts somewhat for the small- 
er acreage this year in both market 
and canhouse tomatoes. 

Monmouth County dairymen In the 
Vicinity of Middletown have con! 

„ ^'^'^i'^"'* ''*'«'«'•« "» Re-l Bank 
and other seashore resorts for han- 
dllt.g their production on an annual 
basis For the flrst time in over a 

?^ L^^, ''*'•'■'' farmers are usinir 
the Middletown station for dally 
shipments to New York, which ha^ 
taken all of the milk not locally con- 
sumed in this area for years. The 
change in market outlet means ap- 
proximately twenty per cent better 
prices to producers.. 

Permanent control of the gipsy moth 
in New Jersey now seems to be as- 
sured. The State Department of Ag- 
riculture, cooperating with Dr. T H 
Headlee. State Entomologist, reports 
only sixty-nine moth egg masses 
found in the Infected area of the 
state this year, whereas five years 
ago they located 3.000.000 of such 
masses. Federal offlcials report this 
clean-up one of the most effective in 
the cotintry. Proper precautions are 
being continued. — B. 

and other matters affecting the finan- 
cial side of farming are working out. 
another appointment having been 
made in the state service. This .study 
will require some time, but is going* 
to furnish real Information long 
sought. — Hamilton. Harrisburg. 

New York Letter 

PiLANNED.— <^ortland County may 
be the site of a new nursery for 
growing seedlrtigs for reforesting 
projects. About 400 young trees re- 
ceiitly set in that county have been 
wantonly destroyed by vandals and 
the police are on the lookout for fur- 
ther depredations. 

CATTLE PROBE— The special 
grand jury panel for the cattle fraud 
prosecutions in Cortland County has 
been drawn, and the inquiry has be- 
gun under Justice James P. Hill ©f 
Norwich. This will be a center of In- 
terest In the dairy circles of all the 

P A S T B U R IZA'nON. — ^Dr. V. A. 
Moore, of Cornell, makes public re- 
ports of a fhree-year test of deadly 
germs and the effectiveness of the 
pasteurising process. He was one 
of a staff of scientists to make ex- 
haustive tests, using germs of ty- 
phoid, tuberculosis, and other dis- Altogpther 6574 bacteriolog- 
ical tests were made. It was estab- 
lished that milk heati-d to 143 de- 
Kreen Fahrenheit for thirty minutes 
was freed of all disease germs. "New 
York has the purest milk In the 
country, despite pseudo scientists." 
say these Investigators. When all 
milk sold the public Is cither pas- 
teurizeu or trom tui>erc(ilosis-free 
herds dairymen may feel Justlfled In 
efforts to Increase consumption. 

A large group of rural ministers are * 
enrolled at Cornell for a short 
course m, rural problems. Field trips 
"are made each afternoon to outlying 
rural churches, under the leadership 
of Prof. M. A. Dawber. of Boston. 
and' his plans for recreation centers 
and community activities generally. 
Including rellBious .«ervlce, are prov- 
ing of wonderful practical value. 

DEAN GRADES. — The growing of 
dry beans is becoming more attract- 
ive to farmers who have heretofore 
not grown them because of difllcultiea 
of sorting and grading,— ^M. O. P. 


Tennsytvania Farmer 


A Breakdown Prevented 

ti will pay for an 


For Fordson Tractor 

Reiularly $2SM 


knows that a breakdown during the busy plowing season 
wastes many hours and money— and besides, repair bills are 


It insures the safety of the operator, the equipment, and 
the tractor itself. 

Absolutely Automatic Positive in Action 

Easily Attached Eliminates Breakage 

The instant the implement that is attached to this hitch be- 
comes obstructed, the automatic spring hitch disengages the 
clutch, and the tractor stops. No need to change the hitch of 
release the equipment from the tractor in order to start again. 
The time saved and repair bills from one breakdown will 
more than pay for this hitch. 


GASH-STULL CO^ Chester, penna. 

S31 Sproul SirMt 

^ GKNTLKMEN: — Plcaieiend me without obligiitinndetwli about Automatic 
Spring Httch. 



You Can't Milk a 

Fly-Pestered Cow Dry 

She retains the last — the richest. 
That's why your milk always tests lower in butter- 
fat during fly-time. 

Dr. Hess Fly Chaser 

-—hag th». odor of thm pines 

Pleasant ahd healthful to folks, but repelling to 
flies and mosquitoes. 

Remember, Dr. Hess Fly Chaser is j,he fly chaser 

With <i KICK. 

It's the odor that does it. 

It does not taint the milk, gum the hair nor blister. 
It is most economical to use. A single gallon will 
last the average farmer all summer. 

Unconditionally guaranteed. 

// Dr. H*M Fly Chaaar J»eM not prmvant the milk alvmtpt 
makm your eowa milliablw in HyAimm, lavt your hor»»- 
lUth alt tammmr Imng, it witt n*( e»»t ymtt on* emttL 

Dr. Hess & Clark, Ipc, Ashland, Ohio 



Neshaminy Gardens 


tVhm an t^Jilor iiork' and Think' 


NOTHING wad done at Neshaminy 
Gardens on the Fourth of July 
beyond the gathering ot a few vege- 
tables to fill belated orders. We 
all agreed eevoral days ago faithfully 
to observe thla day as a holiday. For 
over three months the weather per- 
mitted and the conditions necessi- 
tated work-almost erery day. Some 
years there is so much rain that 
work piles up and requires attention 
on the Fourth. But not so thia year. 
The women folks prepared and pack- 
ed a iflrst-clafs picnic dinner and we 
drove up the Neshaminy about Ave 
miles to where we knew there was 
a good quiet place to spend the day. 
There we 8prea<1 out a repasCflt for 
kings, and everybody, including 
"Snookum.s." ate until eating be- 
came a hardship. 

♦ ♦ * 

I HAVE tried to analyze the aver- 
age American's ideas of the Fourth 
of July holiday, but so far have come 
to no satisfactory conclusion. I sup- 
pose there was a time when the oh- 
servancee Stted the day — when 
people assembled to hear the Declar- 
ation of Independence read and to 
listen- to long and fervid patriotic 
speeches. In fact. I can remember 
one or two such occasions when I 
was a little hoy, and I know I 
thought then what everybody thinks 
now — that It was a waste of a per- 
fectly good day to spend it in that 
way. However, there wa« a logical 
excuse for such method of celebra- 
tion in that it was; fitting. But how 
do people justify the present meth- 
ods ot the great majority? What re- 
lation is there between the notable 
event which happened in Philadel- 
phia 149 years ago and the excesses 
In pleasure seen on every hand~to- 
day? I am not finding fault with the 
Idea ot spending a day In pleasure 
and recreation, bat why should we 
delude ourselv< -^ with the Idea that 
we are performing even a pseudo act 
of patriotism? 

♦ ♦ ♦ 
SOMEONE ASKED the other day 

what we meant by the line on first 
page of Pennsylvania Farmer two 
weeks ago, "One hundred forty-nine 
years of steady progress towards 
achieving Independence." "Don't we 
have Independence?" Well, we shall 
leave it to you to work out. We think 
it a constructive thought. If you 
know of any individual, any eom- 

July 18, 4« 

mtmity, any atate, that has completi 
and absolute independence wc shoul| 
like to hear ot it. The question migbtl 
properly be asked, "Are we becomli 
more independent or more depesJ 

♦ •» ♦ 
WHEN I was a boy at home then 

was an annual effort to have ne4 
peas and new potatoes by the Pouri 
of July, and it was nearly always 
complished even tho the potatc 
were small and too Immature to 
good — at least to my taste. We 
not have the Colkblers then, he 
knew nothing ot a potato thai 
good from the tfane they are as 
as a good siced marble. That, ho 
ever, was up in the mountaino 
country where seasons are shor 
and later. But even after a i 
twelve years we atill compare 
sons and crop maturity with fori 

♦ ♦ « 

We have not examined our Cd 
blera very carefully as yet, havli 
hooked out only enough for a mJ 
or two, but we are not ezpectingl 
big yield. The size is satisfactoif 
some being as big as a fist alread 
ibut they are few in the hill. Th 
are still growing but we shall 
them the moment the price she 
signs of sliding from the present ui\ 
tude of two dollars per bushel, 
have an unsolved conundrum in 
early jMtatoes. One-third the plot I 
on cornstubble land plowed earlj 
and here the plants came up quick 
and evenly and have grown well, 
other two-thirds was an alfalfa 
plowed later and planted a few dj 
later. Only about one-third the 
grew In this part and the potatij 
have made slow progress. We ha 
thought of several reasons but no 
seems satisfactory. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

IT IS our present plan to dev 
about five more acres to orvht 
trees within the next year, moat i 
which will be apples. The five ;icH 
of apples we have already growii 
•re planted to Staymen, (one-halt| 
Paragon, Delicious, Williams, Md 
tosh. Yellow Transparent, Grin 
Golden and Wealthy. Now, what 
want to know 1.^: Shall we pli 
more of the same varieties? If 
which ones? If not. what shall 
plant? We want high quality app 
on vigorous-growing tree^. ami 
want them to be prompt In be;irifl 
Just • tew. Word8_on a postal cc 
telling what you have found to' 
money-making Tarletles In southc 
em Pennsylvania will be apprecli 
ed. We should like to have f-nou 
answers to fill this column a we 
We shall not plant more than to^ 
varieties.— R. P. K.. July 6, 1925. 



Uncle Grippes Criticism 


ttrpOO dinged 


Pie«se Mention Pennsylvania Fanner When Writing to Adrertnen 

much style!" 
Uncle Grlpp at my house y^?'^ 
day. "You're hitting too blamed hardj 
clip! You'll break yourselves, I say!"] 
Well, I know Uncle Oripp so well] 
doesn't fuss me much when he coO 
stumbling from hw shell and scuiia 
beat the Dutch; but here's the rub: 
Uncle Grlpp has lived for eighty ye* 
with heaps of money on his hip 
nothing In arrears, but thru it all he i 
his wife have never purchased yet a thing to add a kick to IWe like ot» 
people get! 

Their hnu^e Is barren as can be, devoid of pep and charm; a ta*T 
stove, an old settee with lame and broken arm, two ancient beds — tha^ 
nearly all. the least one could possess and have a home within a wall 
live at all, I guess! 

Now, we're not really flying high aa TTncle Grlpp declares, yet we 
see no reason why we should be short of chairs! We do not hit a raP 
gait, a pace that crimps and cramps, yet why should we forever wait 
fore we buy our lamps? We Jon't throw precious coin away as uni 
thinks we do, but we are living every day as we are passing thru! 

A man can live too fast a clip and break himself. I know, but do 
men like Uncle OrlW live Just a Ut too slow? — J. Bdw. Tufft. 

ily 18, 1925 


for Cleaner Milk 

You eaat etpaet tiie cmmcrT or coo- 

draamiy to pay you th« top-noten pricw for 
your millc when it contains dirt and >e<tt- 
Bcat. And if you think it ia entirely i^itan. 
maka tliia simple test. 
Pour aome fraah milk tiirough an ordfnanr 
atralaar, thenMir that aaine milk lliiiBtfc 
a Dr. Clark Purity iitrainer, and see how 
much dirt yon get. Youll ba aurpriMd 
at the renut. Then make the taat the 
other way 'round by using the Purity 
Strainer firat 

and^ the ordi- 
n a r y atrainer 

That teat will 

convince you 

that what we 

Bay is true. The 

VPurity Sminer 

Us the only one 

Jthat geU ALL 

f the dirt. That's 

our Euarantee 

or well refund 

your money. 

PtTBiTT Cat-*' " 
Imi DIaca are 

madeinanytiae ITaad and endorsed by 
from fi'i in. to Worid'i largest dairies 
7 in. diam.. for and condensariea, in- 
all makes of dudiag Borden 'a, Car- 
■traiaers or flit- natioo. Mohawk, Shef- 
era. Send for a Held Fknna, etc. And 
trial ordar. thsy osa it because it 

pava. Put your milk in 
the top-notch j>rioe daaa. Make it dcaa 
with a Purity Strainer. 

Mai* in (wo titn — 10 «1 and 18 «1 
Atk vour dtaUr Jor Ou Purity Slrainrr 
ornTitout/arnrcalaraiMf prteea. Send 

Purity Stamping GMnpany 


Battle Creak. Mich. 

World> Largest Manufacturers of Cotton 
iaes for strainers and flitsia. 


foffs. Poultry ™, 

Baity Cattle 

Poultry, swine and dairy cattle mast 
Bve protein and minerals if they are 
\ get the best from their farm ration, 
lix Oberco with the feed you ut using 
M aec the difference. 

Write for details. Practical poultry- 
en, hog raiseri and dairymen have 
led Oberco and it has produced sur- 
^sing results. Write for booklet. 
Coast Trading Company ; 

(Subsidiary oij 


EaUblithed 1840 i 

>Ob«rr Bldg. Baltimore, Md. ? 

- Ill 

Brings Any Size 

,^ <il'ARANltKI> t 

L»»ys lull .veer to pa-. 

I a I I Unmatchc.1 for ^kimminR, 
cety turning and rleanins. 
OU inereierf ukmn i* eirkaiitr 
■hipped from nm k nrarcut vou 

IjRlCAN SI PARA10R «:0. 


: f^Mmbions, ifo.^ it nt„. T*pn(j Driiik.i,. 

.r,'.k '''■■ -.'""' »" ""'• Mft.-ii or I1...M 
ll!Ult». nt-K. -iiMin^' f«l<).-k PantiHn*. A ««l 
'1 lo «ni me In nanl m rnnixmMit, 

^TOCNOAIE rARMS. HynKka Bret.. 

Lebasen. Pa. 

.^rit* for raj umm r*. 
^^ _ »"«e««tafl>«for»rmbi» y 

wi^*'e7'.'»«'"-i'»'i'''"«»jL'''* I 

Tl?s ■%mi°f """r. W. par fr#itln. 


■#wht. m 


er. werme. Mont for eo*i. 
T» o c»nc •aii.fac-lo.v |oi 
H^avc^ utmonry lisrk- %\.H 
petuib Draleiior hr mail 
TIM Mewten Semetfr c*. 
t»H*», Ml*. 

'ention Pennsylvania Parmer 
when writing to advertisers. 


Morley with Jersey Club 

'T^HE American Jeraey Cattle Club 
A has been fortunate In eecoring 

Professor L. \V. Morley, dairy exlcn- 
(^lon ?peeialist at the Pennsylvania 
Stale College, to head the extension 
and development division of the 
Club's actlTities. including Begieter 
of Merit work. 

Mr. Morley was born in northern 
Pennsylvania and reared on a farm 
where dairying was the major activ- 
ity. After completing a public .school 
education he taught three years in 
rural and graded schools. He enter- 
ed the Pennsylvania State College In 
1913 and took a two-year course In 
agriculture. Upon completing the 
two-year course, Mr. Morley decided 
lo continue in college work and went 
to the Univer.«lty of Missouri, at- 
tracted there by Professor C. H. 
Eckle"«. with whose work most Jer- 
!:py breeders are familiar. 

Both at Penn State and at Mis- 
souri he worked during spare time to 



L. W. Morley. 

«ienay fxjtenses. A coneiJerable 
amount of time wao spent In Register 
of M' rit aud Advanced Registry 
work, both, in the office handling 
clerical work and In thf field as Test- 
ing sup-rvls-or. Upon completion of 
his undergiaduale work he accepted 
a graduate position at the Unlver- 
Mty of Mljisourl In which one-half of 
his time Ma^ spent in study and the 
other half in teaching. 

Served in the Army 

.\t the end of the year he enlisted 
in the U. S. Army and received hon- 
orable illscharge after the armistice 
was .signed. 

Early in 1919 he accepted a po.^i- 
tiou with ihe Pennsylvania Dairy 
Extension Di'partment and continued 
advanctd work for u Master's Dtgi(-«> 
by taking studies in the summer 
."Mihoo). Tlie graduate wf)rk w;is com- 
pietfd and a Ma-tei of Science degree 
wa.s granted in l!i21. 

Professor Morley has devoted a 
considerable part of bis time in dairy 
ext«>n-;irin work to betit r meihods in 
the production of milk and (arm 
butter. He has also a.-^.si.sted planta 
manufacturinic buittr, cheese. Ice 
exam and other daliy products. 

Stall College win loso a Kood cit- 
iren in Prnfes.«or Morley. He ham 
been active in cliurch work and local 
affairs for civic improvement. His 
multitude of friends In Pennsylvania 
will wish him fvery success in bis 
new work. — A. A. Borland. 

Exposition Office Moved 

HSADQIURTKRS for the National 
Dairy Expo.silion were moved 
July 3 from Chicago lo Indianapcille. 
the location of the 1925 Exposition, 
where they will be maintained until 
October 17th. All communications 
pertaining to entries and general in- 
formation on the Exposition should 
be sent to the new addresa, S4 Mon- 
ument Circle. Indlanaitolie. Indiana. 

Three Moles, 
the 210 

John Deere-Syracuse 
1341 Series 

There's the outfit that will plow more acrea a day. You 
ride, and the mules require fewer stops for rest, because the 
John Deere-Syracuse No. 210 Sulky is the lightest-draft plow 
of its type. 

—•-all weight carried on 

wheels. Rolling landside 

supports rear part. 
— bottom runs level ; plows 

at even depth even when 

turning square comers. 
— shares stay sharp and last 

longer ; they cannot nose 


— front furrow wheel cast- 
ers on turn, and auto- 
matically governs plow. 
All the driver does is re- 
lease the latch at the 

The No. 210 Sulky can 
be used with either the Syra- 
cuse or John Deere clean- 
shedding bottoms, making 
it suitable for plowing in 
any soil. 

These plows have caused a 
big stir in the short time they 
have been on the market. Do 
t>etter work in all soils in any 
territory. Chilled or steel bot- 
toms interchangeable. Use 
same wearing parts as on John 
Deere Two- Way Sulky and 
Tractor Plows. Remarkable 
penetration: steady-running; 
durable. Can be furnished in 
right hand as well as left hand. 

Sold by John Deere dealers. Writa to John Deere. 
Moline, III., and ask for Folder MM-436 



It's a Hall— Better Than Ever 

for building up single-drck out£u. Capacities 
range from i ,200 to 48,000 eggf per machine. 
Meciianical Turning Trays can be furnished 
for any make of incubator having level trays. 
tt^rite for full paniculan. 

THE 1925 Hall Mammoth Incubator 
has all the sterling qualities which 
have made the Hall name famous during 
a quarter centur\ . It is built in a fully 
equipped modern factory by workmen 
trained in accuracy and thoroughness. 
The cabinets will delidit the lover of 
good workmanship and the seaions will 
fit together so easily that you can readily 
m.ake the entire installation yourself. 
Highly sensitive thermostats foe every 
deck and for every compartment assure 
perfect temperature control. Large resources et»> 
able the malcers to guarantee prompt deiivety. summer discountsoffered to early t>uyera 

Hall Mammoth Incuhatots are made in Single, 
Double and Triple Deck st>-lcs. Eitra D^ks 

The F. E. Hale Mfg. Company Dept. 204, Herkimer, N.Y. 




Dept 10. 

Bad*«ii KalU. N. T. 

-^ — Hease fend me yoor big free eatalotiue and 

i!"<Bilp rcBaHing tJic "Frimt that iravr ih* tlriffin SQo 
fame" — also new low prices a»d esay lemiu 



Please Mention Pennsylvania Fanner When WriUng to Advert-.^-tt 

■■■ ^ - ^^ ■ ^ J^ 


Pennsylvania Farmer 

July 18, 1926 

rulr 18, 1926 



extra per acre 

On one plot, Mr. C. H. 
Hares of Erie County, 
Pa. uteda mixture con- 
talointc 3 % nitrogen, 
■ % phoiphoric add 
and 10 % potaah — yaa 
Ibs.per acre. Yield wa* 

Hefenlllxed an adjoin- 
ln( plot exactly a* 
above — but without 
pofah. Yield dropped 
to 32.4 bu*hel*. On 
each plot, the aoll wai 
heavy loam with clay 

At tl .25 per acre. Rgure 
the 5A extra buahela 
which potash pro- 
duced for Mr. Hayes, 
and you'll see that the 
extra Income above the 
cost ofpotaah was tSJO 

I 1KB a sneak -thief in the night — 
^ winter killing robs the wheat grower 
of money that should be his. 

Last year, in some states, it pilfered as much as 
28 wheat-dollars out of every 100 — 4.5 being the 
average country-wide loss — and all largely due 
to winter killing. 

Your wheat can live through the hardships of 
winter — only ^rhvn it goea into thv winder w»l/- 
rooted and v/^oroaa. Plants that are delicate 
and frail cannot survive. 

Seeding time is the time to safeguard your crop. 
Be sure your seed bed is as fine as you can make 
it — and your seed the best you can get. Pay 
special attention to the fertilizer you use — see that 
it is high grade and well-balanced — with phos- 
phoric acid, nitrogen, and plenty of potash in 
your mixture. 

Use potash because it gives strength to the plants 
—length to the bead — and plampnmaa and firm- 
ness to the grain. And you'll find that your grain 
shrinks leas in drying when plenty of potash ia 
used in your mixture. 

Potash Pays! 

Genuine ^B German 




Soles Agents H. J. Bolter » Bro.— 81 FwlKm St.. New York, N. Y. 







"Thm Crib With thm 5t««l Rib" 

CTOHE nor sraia and eora hi BUCKEYE criba 
■^ and bins. Then you will rot only cheat rats 
and weathsr oat of their heary toll, yon will 
hava your crop ia bast possibls condition to mar- 
Ket " and yna can safely bold it ontil markal 
prices are right. 

Kssy to tm*. Honestly tiollt for liratiras serrles. 
CaUloK, low prieaa, full daUils FKEH. Write today. 

1 16 Mala n. 




Outrk Qiitt rnmrlHi' ill flrtlm. Fji.sllv opcllcd 
uttU drill nr spreader. InrrpaM-n rrttp yield. Utst 
rin the martH. 

Write today for rrlrei and twtlmrmlaU. 


CHARLES TOWN, Jrflirion County, W. Va. 

Holland Bulbs 

Holland Grown; Order NOW 


n<">r for imiiine or (ardea usa. Cheue Mlx- 
lure, 40 for Jl : 100 fnr tl. 

In M*)Hirate nolors, astrft large tulbs, 30 foe 
»1 : 100 ff.r f !. 


pi'l f'.r It. 


.••inul" nr dmihie. 30 for tl: 100 for (3. 

Miiii^ or weirate ooloni. Mlnlaton or bed- 
din!! Kilo. IS for $1. PoUInx site. 10 far tl: 
ion f(.r 18. 
All Bulbi Srnt Pottptid— Sfnd for Whslsssle List 

J. S. CAMPBELL, Mt. Holly. N.J. 


Rtr»wb«Tn*, Ra«t»N»nT. 
H I a r k lj « r r T, GraiM-, 
*', •os.t)errjtr Currant 
plants fnr 8rptombor and 

October rlantinc Ifolbhorii. DflphUUum. Fnxulnxi-. 

IMilox, ITanly (^r <)a;ith«tinm, Orlpntal I'nrr' . 

BU^odlns Hcrtrt and til othrr kinds oC pwpnnlal flowrr 

plant.f for itiuiunpr and fall i>lanta, aU tf^rteritly hanlv. 

litln^ out d'M^tn* diirin? itinter. Rm(>s, (Shrubs, Ilodofo 

I'lanU. Catalojnip frrf. 

Hampton Bays. N. Y. 




Catorr • • $ .50 
Cabbaft - - .35 

Iratttlt SprtHtt .35 


■■rfvM ^^vaPSv wt V^fvfMW pMsNa 

All Leading 

GOO siimF.0.1, 

P«lt>ll< Sl«!ll 

$3.50 $3.00 
1.50 1.00 
2.00 1.50 

Ul SnreH, N.J. 
is Htm Jsrssy 




Bonded Commission Merchants 
358 Greenwich St., New York City 


.1. C. White. Brown. Itlark, HulT l,Pi!homs.»» prt 100 

•<. C. MInnrrua, H. O. Anronag |10 prr I'tU 

Special WliIlK lieRhnrn.". Sixtrlal Paps 

Mlrirru, Uarrsd Itorla. Wb. Wjandnttm $11 per 100 

rt. f. Reds $1« iH-r 100 

»rr,ll«.ri or MlJ«l Chlolu IT prr 100 

14 yoara <><i>(irl>«ir«. 100% lira dallrrr> to your 
door. Illu'*tratr{| Cat. and pri'-n llrt firw. 

Garden and Truck Crops 

W. C. I'ELTON, Sjtaff Contributor and Adviser 

^!aulli:cr Pomona c:ardi>uR, Newark, Dcluwars 

Pennsylvania Farmer 



Nicotine on Cabbage 

Can a nicotine solution be 
used with safety to kill green 
lice on cabbage when the cab- 
bage is heading with some al- 
most ready for market? Can you 
tell me of anything that is sate 
to use and still kill the lice? — 
S. A. M., Armstrong County, P*. 

There Is no danger in using nico- 
tine solution on cabbage that is to 
be marketed soon, because the nico- 
tine pa.sses off Into the air soon after 
the solution has dried. Its action on 
the lice is very quid:; this is good, 
but on the other hand, there is no 
continuous effect, as in the case of 
Paris green and other poisons. 

When Nicotine Is EffectiTe 

The other day I had to apply some 
form of Insecticide to a lot of asters; 
there was promise of rain, but the air 
was warm and sultry, just right for 
the action of nicotine in powder 
form. Knowing that the nicotine 
would give its effect within a few 
minutes after application, and that 
rain would "destroy the value, of a 
powdered poison, I naturally used 
the nicotine. 

Of course, not every time do we 
have a choice between the two, since 
some insects are more easily killed by 
one, and other insects by the other. 
— ^W. C. Pel ton. 

Compost for Hotbeds 

It would please me very much 
if you could tell me how to 
choose soil for hotbeds and how 
to handle the soil. — A. M., Blair 
County, Pa. 

I Judge from your letter that you 
wish to know how to prei>are the 
soil layer that is placed over the 
manure in hotbeds. The frames 
themselves usually have to be placed 
In a sheltered sunny place, quite 
without regard to the character of 
the soil at that point. In preparing 
the pit for manure and soil you take 
out the soil that is already there, and 
the top layer of it. If it Is a little 
sandy or is pood garden soil made 
rich with manure, can be used for a 
compost for next year's hotbed. 

A cOtapoet, or a mixture of man- 
ure and soil, is much better for hot- 
beds than any mixture you could 
make up In winter just before start- 
ing the bed. The sooner you begin 
to make your compost for next win- 
ter's bed, the better results you will 
have. I would clioose equal amounts 
by volumo of field soil and manure, 
the latter well packed down in lay- 
ers six to ten inches thick, and wat- 
ered before a' PlmilTr layer of soil Is 
put on. You ran build up stacks of 
manure and soil in fTils way about 
three feet high, w'th top to re- 
ceive ralnwatfT or hose water, and 
turn the stack.s, mixing soil and man- 
ure well, o;ire b< fori' S- pt« mhrr 15th. 
If the stacks are to be left outside 
during the first half of the winter, 
I would turn them again about Oc- 
tober 16tta. 

Mixture Hard to Beat 
During the summer and fall the 
manure wil rot, and the turning will 
mix It with the soil. After sffting, if 
there are many stones or corn cobs 
in the soil and manure, you will have 
a mixture hard to boat for the .'?oil 
layer of a hotbed. Leaves and straw, 
grass clipping, even grern weeds 
that have not formed seeds, may be 
added to such a compost, and if kept 
wet will decay in a few months. 
Autumn leaves, however, would 
hardly decay rapidly enough for use 
in a hotbed next spring. 

The soil for this compost may be 
taken from any cultivated field in 
which crop.s have been productive. Of 
course you would not start with a I 
very stony soil, nor with one on 
which a heavy weed growth has gone I 
to seed. Garden soli is apt to be I 
richer than a field soil, but you run 
the risk of bringing to the hotbed 
some of the diseases that are conunonl 
in old gardens, and later spreading! 
these pests all over your place on thel 
plants you intend to grow. — W. cl 

Fruit Growers' Tour 

IT HAS become the annual cuatonl 
of the Pennsylvania HorticulturJ 
al Society to hold a summer meetin{| 
and make a tour thru some interest-f 
ing horticultural section. The eventl 
this year is scheduled for the last! 
week in this month, July 28-30, andl 
the time will be spent at the Marble! 
Laboratory at Canton, PennsylvanUl 
and at and around the New York Ehf 
periment Station, Geneva, New York 
The full program may be secured bj| 
writing the secretary. Dr. S. W.i 
Fletcher, State College, Pa. A synop-j 
Bis follows. 

First Night in New York State 

On Tuesday afternoon, 1:30 to| 
3:30, a visit will be made to iht\ 
Marble cold storage laboratory ail 
Canton, Pa., for the purpose of study-[ 
ing storage subjects. 

Leave Canton at 3:30 P. M. fo 
Watkins, N. Y.. sixty milcs.where thel 
night will be spent. Wedneadarj 
morning, July 29, 8:30, meet at thel 
Hotel Benham, and from there start! 
on a trip thru the Keuka Lake grapej 
district. At 10:30 leave for the ciT 
periment station at Geneva. eighteMJ 
mihs. From 11:00 to 12:00 o'cI'mH 
a joint meeting with the New Yorkj 
Horticultural Society will be held. 

From Wednesday afternoon until! 
Thursday evening the time will bej 
sp^nt Inspectfng the work of thel 
Experiment Station and the frultj 
farms surrounding Geneva. — K. 

Millions of New Trees 

DURING the spring of 1925, 198 
people set out a total of 8,236 
840 forest trees in Pennsylvania! 
These trees were distributed tol 
private planters by the State Depart-r 
ment of Forests and Waters. I 

Clearfield stands first among the «7l 
counties of the state with 54 trej 
planters, who planted 718.490 trees 
Cambria County ranks second witkj 
a total of 522,900 planted trees, anil^ 
Indiana County comes third willi 
435,745 trees. 

Berks County continues in the le 
in the number of persons who set outj 
frees. During the past spring 90 tr _ 
planters set out a total of ?25.70<| 
trees In all parts of Berks County! 
Carwbria County is second with *J 
planters, and Monroe third with 8<| 

New Bulletins Availabl 

THE following recently publish^ 
bulletins and circular may " 
obtained free by writing to the Pen" 
Hvlvania Department of Agriculture 

Bulletin No. 401. Directory 
Stallions; Bulletin No. 399. Prr^rr 
ation of Wild Flowers in Pennayij 
vania; Bulletin No. 396. The Penn 
sylvan la Vegetable Forcing IndustrTl 

Circular No. 1. The Apple Maggotf 
Circular No. 2. The European C^ 
Borer in Pennsylvania; Circular N» 
4, Preparation and Care of Lawns. 




Staff Contributor and Adviser 

KIrbv Poultry Farm 

Housing 500 Chickens 

Please tell me how large to 
build a poultry house for 500 
chickens. What type of roof 
would you recommend? What 
kind of lumber will be needed? 
— T. E. A., Juniata County, Pa. 

A poultry house for 500 hena 

Ishould contain about 2000 square 

feet of floor space which gives fotir 

square feet per bird. Leghorns in 

^arge houses do well with three 

luare feet per bird if proper clean- 
ing methods are u.wd. You might 
iulld a sTied-roof house 100 feet long 
^nd 20 feet deep. It could be divided 

ito five sections, each to hold 100 


Sources of Information 

I would you to write the 
division of Publications, Washing- 
jn, D. C, and the Pennsylvania 
Itate College. State College. Pa., for 
lulletlns on poultry house construc- 
lion. Then visit a few farms havliij; 
the type.*! of house you like and brief- 
ly examine them. With this informa- 
tion, have a local carpenter help 
>ou make out the lumber bill. If you 
Sulld the yourself consult the 
llocal lumber company. They will 
liiRually be able to give good practical 
ladvlse based on the material they 
I have on hand and will help you make 
lout the bill. 

Labor and lumber bills vary so 
■ much In different communities that 
Ithe construction of poultry houses is 
la local problem on which it Is dif- 
Ificult to give long dl.etance advice. In 
Igeneral the shed-roof houses on con- 

crete foundations give good service 
under all conditions. — R. G. K. 

Probably Coccidiosis 

On February 26 I hatched 
about 600 White Leghorn 
chicks. Until they were about 
four to five weeks old they were 
very healthy. Had plenty of 
greens and a good size run. 
Then they started to die at the 
rate of five to fifteen a day. I 
cut them open and their liver 
was all streaked with yellow. 
Would like to know what was 
the mijtter with them. — M. T., 
Cumberland County, N. J. 

When chicks thrive until four or 
five weeks old and then become ema- 
ciated and die, there is reason to 
suspect coccidiosis. The liver is 
found enlarged and the intestines are 
Inflamed. The only practical treat- 
ment is to give the chicks plenty of 
range on as clean soil as possible. 
Keep the brooder houses clean by 
frequent sweoping and .'^praying. 
Epsom salts may help. I'se one- 
fourth pound to each* 100 chicks in 
tlie drinking water. 

Overcrowdins in the bi • oder houi?e 
is a frequent cause of chicks dying 
ut five or six weeks of age. Those 
with a slightly weaker constitution 
are constantly trampled and crowd- 
ed from the feed hoppers and foun- 
tains. Soon they become thin and 
arc a prey to disease. Provide plenty 
pf roosting room in the colony houses 
so the chicks will not be trampled 
at night in the corners of the 
house.*". — R. G. K. 

Loading Hay to Save Time 

I O UNLOAD hay the quickest and 
easiest way, it is nece.ssary to 
foad it in the right way. The old 
(nrmers used to pitch off by hand, 
ind many a time, they have told us. 
It has \>een done in ten minutes if 
^he load was put on as shown in 
Ig. 1. 

The forkfuls are placed In regular 

^rder. It matters little where the 

lad begins so long as the man on 

le load has just one way of doing 

I. In numbering the forkfuls in the 

^ut, (Fig. 1) we assume that the first 

arkful is placed on the load as No. 

and the others as numbered around 

Iho load, "always going in one dlrec- 

lion. Tight or left. The last forkful, 

Vf course, is the first to come' off. and 

|he last one off is the first one on. 

However, in these days, when 
^orse-forks are used mostly, this load 
(ron't hang together as It should, 
^nd the unloading will be uncertain 
ind plow. Now, the writer has known 

This is Just one more illustration 
of what real thinking will do. It was 
just as easy as putting the gimret- 
polnt on the common wood screw. 
Screws used to be made with a flat 
point. — no point at all. Then there 
came one man who actually used his 
head and made himself a millionaire 
on the gimlet pointed screw that 
everybody uses today. And his pat- 
ent claim had only eleven words in 
it. The schools .should teach our 
boys and girls to think^-on the farm 
or wherever they are. 

Now, in unloading with the horse- 
fork, the first thing is to k'>>'p the 
load divided across the middle. Fig. 

Klg. 2. Tllf load 1« dlvltlrd In tlir iniddli- 

I lu. I. l'r<i|M'r iiliirliiK of hli} nit Imid l<i 
lif pltrhrd iiff l>} hiiml. 

'tiise troubles In unloading with a 

[hor.^e-fork for years, and finally tack- 

[Iffl the problem of scientific loading 

nul always-sure unloading, with the 

'inrse-fork, and in less than thirty 

"liiniteR had the theory. Next was 

'hi' try-out. The theory worked, in 

•Til kinds of hay. even the dry, short 

l^ind slippery. 

2 The second is to wtave togcthci 
each half of the load, keeping front 
half and rear half divided all the 
lime. Scatter each forkful across (he 
load, more or less, and weave tt to- 
gether; then there will be no failures 
in pitching off. 

The writer can pitch off any lor.d 
In four forkfuls, if need be, and do 
It every time in all kinds of hay. 
There was not a single failnre ia the 
entire haying season. And part of 
the time an old shear fork was used, 
which was even better than the 
double harpoon, being longer. — H. 
O. Newell. Bradford County. Pa. 

For the Rough Side Roads 
Off The Highway* 

Balloon Tires are an even greater necessity for the 
rough country side roads off the main highways. 

Gum-Dipped Balloons — every strand of every cord 
saturated with rubber — give farmers greater service 
because this added process provides extra strength 
to these wonderful tires. Chuck holes, ruts and 
bumps are smoothed out. 

Enjoy the greater safety, economy and comfort of 
these Full-Size Gum-Dipped Balloons. The nearest 
Firestone Dealer will equip your car quickly and at 
low cost. 





From purn hn.l. Iiwio . trd nml nilLd Hm*.f. C. O. D, 
ihlpmcnU. Live I>ellK-r>' GuaninicKL 

l*ricen on M SO 100 

White and Brawn t«,;lionu 12 50 M.50 t 8.U0 

Iturrvd Ply>n<iiilh ItoclM 3.00 S.SO lO.UO 

lUinde Isluid lUsN 3.00 S.SO 10.00 

Wbttc PI>ino<itl> Rocks S.SO 6.S0 12.00 

Whit* W)uid«(t« 3.S0 6.S0 1100 Chick, 2.JS 4.00 T.OO 

Krr- 4'«tAlo(i and prices on lirsrr lots. 
Bo« 10.1. Bellefaali. Pit. 


Fran heavy lajriag Aocki. 

s. V. White and Brown Lachonu... U.eO par loii 

.^. I'. lUrri'd It'H-k.. and Urdt O.OO par ll»> 

MIxnd (.'bix or BmtlerH T.OO per lOV 

SiiecUl iirliei oti SOO and 1000 InLi. 100% prepaid 

safe delWen' Kuartnlred. 

I. M. NACE. Bex Ne. 20. RICHFIELD. M. 

^Sturdy Chicks Grow Up 
To Pay Most Profit! 

Keep your growing chicks strong and 

Later they will pay you back in eggs 
and in dressed weight. Mix your own 
feed. Put in plenty of 


iVrite for prices and Jescripttoe mailer. 

JACOB DOLD PACKING CO., Dept. P. F., Buffalo, N. Y. 

please Mentioo Pennsylvania Fanner When Writing to Advertiten 


Vennsytvania Farmer 

July 18, njjl 

rjulf 18. IfN 



1) I 





y •.':-> > 
^ •.••• i»'i 




•W^ 1 


Conducted £1/ 


Fruit "Ades"for Hot Weather 

Refreshing Drinks Most Welcome in Summer 

THE lemonad" family lis a large 
one with many branches and itd 
popularity is due to the fact 4hat in 
whatevf^i gtila" we meet it. it Is in- 
variably a <nappy. thirst-quenching 
drink. It Ls cooling, nourishing, and 
not fatt>nlng, 

Ono may enjoy lemonade an<I 
orangeade thruout the year, and 
there are many variations for the 
punch bowl from this and that pre- 
served berry juice, hut it is in tht- 
suBimer with the aSvent of the fr- sh 
fruit juices that the ade family 
reaches the zenith of its glory. Ea-h 
month brings a n<?w fruit ami there 
is no excu?*- for making the same 
lemonade twic*-. 

Syrup Better Than Sugar 

The idea laa'le from fresh fruit.^ 
dbuul i h" -served a.< soon as made au'! 
chilled, for age stales the fruit flav- 

In sweetening it is better to use a 
syrup of .sugar and water, than'piaiii 
sugar. A Bugar and water syrup, 
boil'd and then kept in the ice bos 
in a fruit jar, i* conveniently cold 
and rnady for use. 

Garni.sTiiw an 1 :"urblshers include 
mint leaves, oajulied and Mara.schiiio 
cherries, wintergre'-n. peppermint, 
cinnamon. :love-. rai*iii< and Malaga 
grapes. In fact, all tli*- fruits 
in season cut auraclively add in- 
terest as well as food variety. 

Spices Will 'Make It Snappy" 

Spices Jit'lp without destroying t'> 
fruit flavor, and also they are ut^ual- 
ly househ.>Id staples. For those wh«> 
especially lik> .spiee.s. this punch may 
be a welcome addition. 


Juice ;i lemon.-' 

Juice Z oranges 

1 cup sugar 

1 pint water 

6 cloves 

1 inch .'^tick cinnamon 

3 drops essence of peppermint 
Preserved ginger 

Prepare a syrup of .>ugar, water. 
cloves, cinnamon, and a piece of pre- 
served ginger the size of « small egg. 
Let the syrup cool, then ad<i the fruit 
juices and strain thru, three or four 
thicknesses of cheesecloth. .\dd pep- 
permint, let stand on ice one hour or 
more, pour over a Mock of Ice in 
punch howl, gariiishine; with mint 


4 cup lemon juice 
; cup oranv;e juice 

I cup raspbtM-ry Juice 

4 cups water 

Sweetening syrup 

Make ade of orange and lemon 
juice and water. Add the juice 
strained from n-d ra^pberri'-s, sweet- 
en with syrup, add ice and serve. 

J cup red currant juice 

1 cup lemon juice 

i cup orange juice 

4 cups water 

Sweetening syrup 

Press juice from currants and pro- 
ceed as with other ades. Add a mint 
leaf to each glass before serving. 

1 cup fresh pressed grape juice 

1 cup lemon juice 

4 cup.? water 

Sweetening syrup 

Deioiat- Willi lemon slices 
?ervt>. — Olga Clark. 


Running Water in Our House 

Modern Imiirovements at the Cost of Fifty Cent.s 

READERS ntay think our home 
improvement Is hardly worth 
mention, but when I visit other farm 
homes and see the busy housewives 
carrying water from the pump away 
on the other side of the house, or 
worse yet. dumplne it out of milk 
cans the men have filled and brought 
from some ;«pring or creek. I feel sure 
that cor oheap Improvement is well 
worth writing afeout. 

When we left the city and moved 
to the farm w* had purchased yars 
ago. we found any amount of wat^r 
in th^ w^-ll, 190 feet down in tl^e 
ground, but the pump bad seen its 
best days y-ars ago. At any rate 
when a pull of water was wanted the 
farailv had 'o attach them-selves to 
that pump-handle, and then our 
breath would fail us before we got 
our pail filled. We all felt very dls- 
*couragel. Fortunately, there was 
■another well, .some distance from 
the house and we drew water and 
carried water and still It looked aa 
tt we never had any. 

j Saved ITp for -Cksoline Gnfine 

I Money was scarce in days 
•and as everyone knows who l^as 
started farming, there was no much 
ijto buy. The Ian owner of the farm 

I bad usecl a windmill, long since 
blown down, to set water from tha» 
rt^,.p well, but neighbors told us it 
jWa-s a ta|lttre, ao we decided on a gas* 

olin. engine. Alter scrimping and 
saving for two years we had .saved 
enough money to get fftir three horse- 
power engine and th^ pump jack. It 
worked fine. The form.-r owner had 
laid a pipe from the well to a tank 
In the barn, and this was still In run- 
ning order so we could pump there 
tor our supply of water, and our 
problem vas solved. 

But in the house I wasn't a whole 
lot hotter off than before. I had no 
tank and was .sTiort of money. Then 
one of our neighbors .sold out. My 
husband attended hi.^ auction sale 
and purchased a small, round 
Ized tank holding about 100 gallons 
with a faureflh one side down at the 

Filled Tank Every Other Bay 
We laid boards across the up- 
per end of the sink to set the tank 
on. and then we carried water In by 
pailfuls to nil that tank every other 
day. I didn't have to help pump any 
more, the engine attended to that. 

ITo doubt things were coming my 
way. but .something needed to 
show up yet. Well, it did, in the 
form of some well pipe my htlsband 
found around the place. After boring 
a !"ole thru the house Just at the top 
of the tank the pipe was run thru 
there, connected with the pump, wit* 
twenty^re c^ftls worth of roWer 
hose, and at a cost of ftttr cmU t ted 

uater pumped right In my kitchen. 
.No home improvement, however ex- 
pensive, could be appreciated more. 
and I trust this may help someone 
who finds himself in the same cir- 
cumstances. — ^Hra. J. A, U. 


Pick-up Work with a Friendly 

IN THSr interval (all too brief) be- 
fore the sewing progrihn is again 
tilled witE repairs, alteration.s and 
replacements In the school children's 
wardrobe, the forehanded needle- 
woman starts on her Christmas 
"chest." Pick-up work for warm 
afternoons on the porch.pretty trifles 
that will make welcome gifts next 
winter, offer a pleasant change from 
the eternal darning of stockings. 

Don't forget that those monogram 
patterns are ,>till ,it your service. 

Don't forget that they change the 
character of a gift fmm "something 
picked up because somebody might 
like it" to something worlied up to 
suit a special somebody's tastes. 
Kimonos, blouses, aprons, lunch 
cloths, towels, bags, — > all these. 
adorned with the monogram or ini- 
tials of the one who Is to receive 
I hem. make possible gifts for the hol- 
idays that have a way of coming 
along with surprising speed when 
once the goldcnrod and asters have 
bloomed. — I. S. H. 

For a complete set of letter pat- 
leins. send ten cents to the Mono- 
g V a m Department. Pennsylvania 
Parmer. 261 South Third Street, 


Home Made Article Provi 
the Best in the End 

GOOD salad dressing isn't hard 
make, and cerUinly. the "bott 
er" and the time con.sumed in niakJ 
ing it aren't worth worrying aboutf 
Granting that an occasional Jar 
the commercial article is fine "for 
change," or In a time of unusu^ 
household stress and strain, and thai 
it's always a good plan to have a jal 
or two on the emergency shelf, stillj 
tenerally speaking the home madj 
article Is preferable. 

Enough can be made at one tim| 
to last for a week or more, and ke[ 
In pint or quart jare. It is good" tJ 
h&ve a standard iccfpe.and vary il 
to salt dlft.»rentr salad.s as well 
different tastes. The following r« 
cipe allows of many tasty varlatioax 
8 eggs 

1 roun led t:iblt'!>poon of corul 
starch and' 1 of Cuui 
1 teaspoon eal( 
% teaspoo.'. pf^pper 
} teaspoon gtound mustard 
1 teaspr.on sugar (more if a sw^il 
dressing Is v f ued) 

4 tablespoons strong vinegar 
1 c<ip cream or r'ch milk 
Beat^eggs till whites and yolkh arJ 
well blended. Mix all dry ingre(ii( 
ents. add vinegar, and stir to 
smooth paste. Add to beaten e^g 
mix well, then stir in cream. Coo 
in double boiler, stirring all tb<| 
time. Do not cook after mixture li» 
thickened. Beat hard with a spooJ 
for a minute or two after removing 
from fire — this to make a crearayl 
velvety dressing. Add more vineijarj 
salt or sugar to taste, and iion 
cream if dressing Is too thick. — Hi 

Those Old Raincoat? 

WOI^ out raincoats may be us 
In many ways. A friend hi3i 
handy big apron for w&sh days ni iiiJ 
from an old one. A large piece r\ii 
from an old raincoat may be tied! 
over the laundry when sent awa-., toT 
keep out dampn >ss and dust. Uagsf 
may be made in which tit carry btLth-f 
Ing suits and caps, or to carry vheo| 
a small h«,by is taken visiting. 

Onc" used, other suggestions fa 
keeping old raJncnnts busy will 
cnr to you. — Mrs. B. H. C. 

Why Does a Schedule Work? 

WILL someone kindly explain 
Just how the much-advocated 
si'heedulp will give us greater leisure 
for the things we like to do but for 
which we rarely, if ever, And time? 
How will It even prevent our work 
from running -behind? 1 am a ware 
that if we could devise a schedule 
that would include all necessary 
housework and allow some spare 
time, and if we could keep up with 
that .schedule, the problem would be 
Holved. Anyone knows that. But I 
can't comprehend how T can accom- 
plish any given task In leas time than 
u.sual simply because a certain slip 
of paper allots less time to it. 

We must consider many things 
that most •chednlee seem to forget. 
What wil the schedule he doing 
while we chai with the unexpected 
yuest? — Mrs. B. M. Anderson. 

Editor's note. — The good sched- 
ule, like the good money kudffet. Al- 

lows for unexpected "expenses" lik^ 
callers, telephone message a n ' 
buniped liends. It helps us to "<lo i| 
given task In less time" because I 
planned with the fact in mind tbttl 
our speed slackens as a resul' o'l 
sticking too long to tasks that <ai>| 
on the same set of muscles as'i 

Change Increases Oatpnt 

Rest or change at the proper 'io'| 
Increases our output and save:- onri 
strength. We make out a 8cheiul»| 
when our minds are' calm, in orderl 
that it may save us In times of tori 
moil. If we worked on salarj' fo'l 
someone else, we should be workinfl 
on schedule. Why not treat otvl 
•elves as fairly mm an employer woaI'| 
tr«tt us? 

Can't we have a vote «n ttlt an«*'| 
tlbn from our readers? 

PennspWania Farmer 

|Best Value for Your Antiques 

If Useless to You, Don't Sell Them for a Song 


) lirORC you sell or give away dis- 
carded furniture And out from a 
eputable dealer wbether or not you 
re parting with something of really 
reat value. In many farm homes, 
specially those which have been oc- 
iipied generation after generation 
the same family, the attic con- 
Lins pieces which seem out of date 
jid worthless to the eye of the am- 
pur, but which bring large Sums of 
Duey from the city dealers who 
Vow their value. 

[if there ia nothing you yourself 
\nt to keep — not perhaps, caring 
tleularly for antiques, do not 
^ke the mistake of selling them for 
Jl money. Ask more than one 
lilcr for a price and get the opin- 
, of more<than Just -friends. It may 
prise you to learn- that a table or 
ir or clock which to you looks 
eless, is under its worn exterior, 
ethlng worth two hundred dol- 
Very valuable pieces are often 
Igni for two or three dollars by 
Iters of antiques who pass your 
and see an old chair or light 
nd on the porch and Immediately 
^11 an opportunity to buy a treas- 
for a song. 

}wiier Should Kake the Profit 

if anyone is going to profit, it 
ght to be the -one who has owned 
article and cared for it for year^ 
Id not the hunter, aitho the writer 
any other lover of old furniture, 
buld naturally love a bargain. 
I Better yet is It to bring out these 
pieces, do them up and use them 
enrich the home! It is strange 
It many people prefer the more 
|)dern, cheaply made furnUnre to 
grand, made-tor-all-tlme pieces 
la generation or two ago. The sale 
{one good clock, high-boy or gate- 
table, will bring enough to buy 
pral of the good looking modern 
ces. but It is never a good ex- 
^nge for the money, whatever the 

Old Fimitmre WeU Made 

^Id farniture of certain styles and 
lies, is one of the really goo«l In- 
Itments one can make as, nnlike 
Bern furniture which becomes sec- 
Vhand If used only a month and 
Imands only second-band^ prices, 
fques often and usually increase 
ilue as the owner keeps them and 

I be turned into cash quickly so 

M Is the demand for real an- 


pep the spinning wheel, the bits 

rter and pottery and the hand- 
led chests if you possibly can. but 
ou must part with them, make It 
UBiness and see that you get the 
[price Just as you try to do with 

eggs or chickens.— Cffle Maur- 

Few people enjoy lettuce without 
dressing on It, and there are dreae- 
iBgB to meet every taste. Preach 
dressing (made of oil. vinegar, and 
seasonings) the old-fashioned dress- 
ing of sugar and vinegar, boiled 
dressing, sour cream dressing, may- 
onnaise, cheese dressing, or Russian 
dreasiag (equal parts of chill sauce 
and mayonnaise). — these are all 

Comhination Salads 
Lettuce may be made alone or in 
combination salads with any vege- 
table or mixture of vegeta-bles. — from 
plain sliced or chopped oniood up 
"Everything but the kitchen stove- 
may go Into a salad, if yon don't use 
colors that clash (like beets and car- 
rots) and If you are careful that the 
ingredients don't get "mushy." 

Salads of cold chopped (not 
grouDd) meats, with celery, onion 
and lettuce, are popular with most 
people. Fruit and lettuce saUds nay 
well take .the place of h<?avier de-*- 

In aM th«fle combinatlouii. lettuce 
la used either as a foundation and 
Caraish or shredded and combined 
with the other iftgredienu. Don't 
nmke the mistake of thinking that 
you have eaten a real salad if you 
«»erve a h<^ary meat mixture on a let- 
tuce leaf, and let that lettuce leaf 
remain on your plate! To« need tfte 

For Saadwiches, Too 

l«ttuce sandwiches are always 
favorites. Spread on* sllc of bread 
with batter, aad thfe companion slice 
with raayonnais<> or botle<l dr»Ming. 
lay a lettoc* l»-af on thLs and cov^r. 
^tk the buttered slice. As In ialads. 
lettuce may be nse.l in any combin- 
ation of -tandwteh (illlngs. Lertoce 
sandwiches, more than any others, 
however, need to he m-raroed separ- 

ately in waxed paper If they are to 
be at their best. 

Besides using It raw, you can cook 
lettuca like other greens (only you 
wni need lots of it, as It shrinks 
away to almost nothing) to be serv- 
ed as a vegetable or comblneif with 
cream sauce into a soup. — -1. S. H. 

Why the Dollars Fly 

A MILK peddler recently said that 
it took him longer to collect his 
pay for milk than it did to deliver 
the milk. Some families draw their 
pay on Saturday, some on Thurs- 
day and aotne on Sunday. He has to 
go the days when they draw their 
pay. Ofteij they are away and he has 
to go more than once. Occasionally 
he sees a chair stiU rocking, and 
knows he almost caught them. This 
is just one reason for the spread In 
price between the producer and the 
consumer. — ^Mrs. E. M. C. 

Rainy Day Bag 

THB "Rainy Day Bag" will cre- 
ate interest and raise money for 
your club or society during the sum- 
mer months. 

At the closing meeting of the or- 
ganization a "Rainy Day Bag" is 
given to each member. The object is 
to have a penny placed ia the bag 
for every rainy day during a given 
period. The bags are to be TCturned 
at the f rat meeting In the autumn. 

The bags may be made of ehlntz, 
paper or anything subetanUai 
enoucb to hold the pennies. — O.B.K. 

^^^ea walnut husk* or greeo wal- 
W^ m wed In making thie deli- 
. now ketchup. Wash the walnuts and 
erwk them with a hravy hammer. 
Bo*I for one hour in .aalr^d water 
•dd a Uttle ginger, pimento, cloves 
and pepper and boll twenty minutes 
***"*er. Add as much vinegar as you 
have walaot Julee. strain and bottle. ' 
A little grated horseradish may be 

added to give body to the ketchup 

L. M. T. 

Pleasant to Make and to Wear 

pUaetlent for Ordtrlnf — Oit< fliturai 
•Bl If'.tnt of e».-h p*l'(>rn *xi-'lv at 
prinlsd at bK^mniBc of aarii dricriplion. 
QiTS trait aeMure* wk«a orltrimt «w>i 
(«ittern«, w^iit m»M!ir<> for tiiirt and 
tgp for "hiliTtni pitt«nit Addran 
P^nntjlTinia Firmer. 281 S Thtrd 
Strait. Philadalphit. Pa. 

»t>7^— A PDvalar Wemhic rrnrk.— «inR- 
h:im or jwrc.ile w-r>uid b^ aui'.ihle m.iterla: 
for tJiis deslcn. Four «li*s ■ sm.ill. .'.I-Jfi . 
medtum. M-4> ; Uirg*. 42-44; ••xtr.T Innre, 
4«-tS Inrfim !>mt menaure. A ni4«4tii*m Mz*- 
requires i\ yards of I9-tnch iraterial. 
Pattern. l<) cents. 

hrim r.,nu,jne«l with rolton crepe U here 
Kuimpe, Pour ,it^: 4. 6. 8 and 10 years. 

m.,v.''jr'r;'''*\u"'""'"*''' '** y""' "' 3«-jnch 

m,,t»ri;il for the J.imp..r. nn.l !>; v.-ird for 

vtr.,.*'".^'"''*" ." """''" *'"'• l"n« " »l'>ere,. 
VMth ahort nleeren ffie ifutmpe will rraulre 
one yont Pattern 10 centa. 



ttijce Is the Foundation of 
Many Kinds of Salads 

lEAR EDITOR:— What is a good 
[ *i»y ot preparing lettuce? — 

The flrst step in preparation. 

»lever you are going to make of 

lettuce, is careful picking over. 

«. thoro washing. Then draining. 

he very particular cooks pat each 

dry with a clean cheesecloth, but 

fss you have to use It at once and 

afraid that the water that cUngs 

l»ne leaves will make your salad 

F^lng runay, this is not necessary. 

P«e the leaves aad put them into 

pean empty lard pail in which you 

[» punched holes so that the let- 

■o w. 1 drain. Cover, ana put In 

mrlgerator or on the cellar floor 

F" the leaves are criay 



Be Protected! 

Our Pollo' lam roa taaamf, gl(«a ooaiBlaM 
ptMMtlun und rtlia>M sou of all IliblUt^ to 
owe of acildaot to anj- mao tou hire. 

Our Policy Provides Pratcdioa far 
Owners or Employer 

and ir tnjurod be 1-. paid conipensation as loog 
a I h* Is uiiaiile to work, plus hli Doctor and 
Hotiil'al bllli. 

Wri«i for our rata* TODAY I 

Penna. TWesherman & Farmers' 
Mutual Casualty Insurance Co. 

311 Ktankal Mdc. Iterrlabura. Pa. 

„ A Modern Bathreem, $60 

CnjBlrta nf Bnaiwt Baihtiiti ind Banin. .*<inlino 
A<-tlo« \ Itrous TotiM and Tank .rtUi .\u«u-I »»u- 
w\ Trap aiii Siipiav rii*>. (iuanint...-.l and 
■WMramir-d bv J. L. M-.t Co. tomi.lwo llnaoT 
lliuuWiu and IImUiw .Sm.plire descnbut In our 
^.■■» n**,. {Nt. 

-^ „•'• M^ipCNBERC CO.. lac 
«S4 Waat 3<th St.. N.w York aty 

NOW! New Low Engine Prices 



■ a— y to<»w nth« f awn B»i 
•Undard WITTB Bb- A 
ffhwu Ui^a KavaavM^ ~ 

GaaalBaw DiatiUata ar -^ 

Gaa^ IWpped wiUi ealelntad TrevblaweaC 

3 maxne^ Simplaat amt chaapaat to «»• 

Haaa Sa»laa iiiaaia ataxia »^r Xml— »& 




SnWdWeef flan Caatorj ta >«■ •■ 

-- WHta todar fbr wtj now inaaTiaSl 

itabMriatafyrraa. NMMicaUaaUM. 


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or with your own renewal and 
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iFaranr M & M 91. nab. Pa. 


for !«■«« fhJIdren.— ThI. makes a aplen- 
fll<l set of ■fln.t short clotliea' comprlslnK 
inree tleairable K»rinent». Dress, petti- 
coat, nnd coniblnaUon waUt .ind bloom- 
era Five sizes: I. ». a. 4 and 5 years. A 
two-year size requlrea 1% yard of 38-fnch 
matertal for the drem. 1% yurd for th^ 

li'.^' 'd'U**'"* t* *■""* '<^ «•«• combina- 
tion. Pattern, !• cents. 



•ISH_A »iniart rrerfc far iktamt Womn 
— Kaslut. anUn or falUe with embroidary 
•T (ontraatliK material f,.r trimmtas 
«oul.l be .Mitablt. The tiny tucks give 
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trace to the front ab(w« tk« pli»tt fulnaaa 
.Nine sUea; SS. 40. 42, 41, 4S. 4g. 50. 52 
iind al inches bu-st int-aeiire. A 42-fnch 
alxe requlrea .1% yard.* of ptain^al 
40 inchM wide, rut I«nrtl»w1ae. and one- 
quarter y-ird of contr.iaUni; material c«t 
crosawl»v-. The width .Tt the foot te 2»& 
yarda. F.itUm. !• cents. 

*i!*'"T'^ Dainty Drr-s^.—Brown flnen 
embroidered in colored mercerized thread 
iLrft l>""ra>«l. Thia atrle u very com- 
tortable^ .-iiul aiiiipl^. Pot-keU are taaerted 
rour alzw: 4. «. S .ind 1» years. An %. 
year site requlrea V^ y.inJ of 4'>-lach msk- 
terlal. Pattern, to centa. 

""— ^ 1fr**%T TerMea—Cbecked cta«< 



«f«8.-ror the ftMl Bay^^inen. g\jm- 
him. iliainbray, rep or flamtel are \na.i 
for tUa daaiKii. Vmm ateeTr i 1\'^a 
fi years. A four-year alaa will reouira Z'. 
yards of ST-lncb matertal. Pattern, iti 


S will? l^attHi -tr* r,i,.rimi— it» wir«» (s brfak 

ii""' a::a,rE'T;?" "--* •» 


set So. Srd 3t 

Fhlla.. Pa 


Mention Pennsylvania FamMf 
when writing to advertiam. 




Tennstflvania Farmer 

July 18. lA^^J^H}^ ^^' ^^^^ 

TennsytVania Farmer 

la— 53 




From Forum Friends 

Dear CouBin Ruth: — ^I enjoy read- 
ing the letters from Forum friends. 
iPor a pet I have a little black and 
white Shepherd dog. I call him 
Beauty. I have four brothers and six 
fiister8.*We all have a lot of fun to- 

How many lilte to go swimming? 
I do. — Elizabeth Callahan, Mon- 
mouth County, N. J. 

Dear Cousin Ruth: — My school 
closed on Fii<Iay. Jun.> 12. We had 
our eomniencoment exercises Mon- 
day night. They were held In the 
Baptist Church. There were eleven 
graduates and 1 was one. I am ex- 
pecting to enter high school next 
term, which begins September 15th. 

We have just begun our harvest- 
ing I drive the horse to the hay 
fork. — Edith Frances Haines. Bur- 
lington County, N. J. 

Dear Cousin Ruth:— I am twelve 
years of age anil am in the seventh 
and eighth grade. We had a picnic 
on the last day of .school. We had a 
good time. Wo had welners. bananas, 
and, oh, everything we could eat. 

I live on a farm of seventy-three 
acres. We keep cows and I milk two 
every night and sometimes In the 
morning. Cousin Ruth, do you like 
music? Vm sure I do. I take piano 
lessons. Cousin Ruth, may I send 
good reclves for candies and pies? — 
Frances Balutos. Luzerne County, Pa. 

Indeed I do like music, and Vm sor- 
ry I didn't take some music lessons 
when I was your age. Practice every 
day, that's the way to learn to play 



Dear Cousin Ruth: — I am nine 
years old. Next year I will be In the 
fifth grade. 

I have been picking strawberrleu. 
In two days I picked .Klxty-elght 
quarts. I have been picking wil* 
strawberries also. One day I picked 
a quart. 

I have been trying recipes that 
were on the Forum page. I have 
seen three Forum mi-tnbers' names 
that I know. I have r^ad many in- 
teresting stories in Pennsylvania 
Parmer. — Pauline B. Kircher, Lack- 
awanna County. Pa. 

Foi um page and I have tried many 
of them and all have been a success. 
I wish I had gotten in on the 
snapshot contest, but I will send you 
some snapshots of my pets later. — 
Nellie Ewlng. Fulton County, Pa. 

The very day after I drove thru 
McConnellsiburg I received your let- 
ter! I wonder, did I see your farm 
when I looked down from the top of 
Tuscarora? The air was very clear 
and I could see for miles and miles. 

Dear Cousin Ruth and Poruin 
Members: — I am sending you a pic- 
ture of my two cousins, my 'brother 
and my pet horse, Nell. She is twen- 
ty-six years old and a very faithful 

Dear Cousin Ruth and Forum 
Friends: — I have never Joined the 
Forum but I intend to now as I like" 

Dear Cousin Ruth and Forum 
Friends: — I certainly enjoy reading 
the Y. P. P. page every week. I look 
forward to it. In a bush in our yard 
there Is a nest of catbirds. There 
are two baby birds In the nest. The 
father and mother bird are always 
screaming. Down in our barn there 
Is a nest of barn swallows. I think 
that barn swallows are very pretty 
birds. Whenever you go In the barn 
the father and mother birds fly all 
around you. While they fly they 
scream. They are so afraid you are 
going to harm their "babies. In our 
field there is a nest of pheasants. The 
male pleasant has a tail more than 
a foot long. They have about a dozen 
young babies. — Ijouise M. Johnson, 
Middlesex County, N. J. 

Dear Cousin Ruth and Forum 
Friends: — ^I live on an eighty-three- 
acre farm with nice vegetables, flow- 
ers and trees. Everything Is looking 
fine here. For pets I have ducks,, chickens, dogs and two little 
Airedale puppies. They certainly are 
cute. They play so nicely together. 
With me they are very playful, jus; 
like little kittens. 

In about two weeks I am going to 
Maryland for a few days. When I 
come hack I will tell you all about 
my trip. 

acres and raise cabbage and celery. 

I have four sisters and three broth-l 
era. I have two sisters married; ont| 
lives at- Newberry and one at Al-f 
toona. I don't get to see them ver 
often. I have a little sister the sli'J 
of myself. She is eight years old. 8hJ 
Is in the same grade I am at schooj 
I am in the fourth grade. 

We have always dressed alike an 
people think we are twins. I woil 
love to send you our picture but donj 
have any late ones. 

There is a squirrel that plays clo 
to the house. It is very tame. I IL 
to play catch with It. — Rhelda M^ 
Umstead. Lycoming County. Pa. 

Dear Cousin Ruth: — ^I am going) 
write once more. Oh, I don't me 
never again, perhaps I will Join 
next contest. 

I am a very poor riddle guea, 
but I like to give riddles to othen 

1. If you and a goose were on 
of a barn how would you get dowJ 

2. ^Vhat is the cord In which yJ 
can't tie a knot? j 

3. Where is happiness always to| 
found? — Mary Dlrlg, Delaware Con 
ty. N. Y. 


.Mary iiikI C'lirniclltiK Hnblnot 

Oiaa«e»trr Ciiantjrt X. it 

to read the Foriim page and I think 
our page Is improving, don't you. 
Cousin Ruth? 

I live on a seventy-acre farm and 
I hilp my father In the field as he Is 
jietting old. He will be seventy-one 
In August. Don't you think that Ir 
old. Cousin Ruth? 

I am fonrte.n years old and I will 
be a freshman in high school next 
winter. I am ropyi'ig lh«' recipes 
down in a book that I find on the 

Dear Cousin Ruth: — ^I am eleT 
years old and live on a farm of ij 
acres but seventeen of them 
woodland. We have three horses ; 
twelve head of ':attle. Sometime 
have to milk but I don't like to. 

Our school was 6ut the 24th | 
April. I am glad that it is out 
there is lots of work on the farm. 
take our milk to the creamery e»d 
morning and sometimes I go along.! 
Bower Slmington. Montour Counf 

Florrnre .\llirrtn UoeBlgk 

, Batier f'oantjr. Pa> 

horse. — ^Florence A. Roenigk, Butler 
County. Pa. 

Dear Cousin Ruth: — Our school 
was out June 19 after ten months. 
I live In the city of Elmlra and it 
Is very hot here now. I am going to 
spend some of my vacation in the 
country In Pennsylvania. 

When does the club contest begin? 
I would like to join this contest. I 
like to read the letters and all the 
bird contestant's letters were very 
good. T was going to write one but 
1 saw them published so It was too 
late before I got started. My fav- 
orite sports are hiking, horseback 
riding and canoeing. I will send In 
8om«5 photos later. — Anna Cavan- 
augh. Chemung County. N. Y. 

I expfct you saw the announce- 
ments of the contest In last week's 
paper. Be sure and write your let- 
ter now so it will reach me before 
the 25th, when the contest closes. 

Dear Cousin Ruth and Forum 
Friend!-.: — I read this page every 
week and I am always delighted 
whpn this paper comes. I am four- 
teen years old and will be In the sec- 
ond year of high school when school 
opens again. I belong to the Liberty 
n<>ll Bird Club and have five or six 
acres of woodland to set apart as a 
bird sanctuary. 

We have cows, horses, pigs and 
chickens on our twenty-eight acre 
farm. We have a large strawberry 
patch and I picked over 196 quarts 
of strawberries this summer. Here 
are a few riddles; 

1. The provf-rb says: "One swallow 
does not make spring." When Is the 
proverb wrong? 

2. Why Is It unlawful to condemn 
and hang a deaf man? 

3. When in sugar like a pig's 
tooth?— Harry Culvert, Morris Coun- 
ty. N. J. 

I did not see many letters from 
New Jersey last week so I thought 
I would writ*. — .Bertha M. Laux. 
-Camden County, N. J. 

Dear Cousin Ruth and Forum 
Friends: — ^I am ten years old. For 
pets I have a kitten and some pet 
chicks. We live on a farm of fifty 

W^eek's Forum Meml 



Icr, Dorothy Ann Sterbutzel. 

FURTKN COUNTY.— Mary. Rotz. 


tthclrt.i .Mao I'nmfend. 


Lewor, Cl.nrii fhU-r. 

WAY.VK COUNTY. — Catherine -Mir 

Rdse .Vlatrrse. 

Moaley. ^ , 

.M 1 1 )DL.KSKX COUNTY. — Louls^ | 

MORRIS COU.NTY.— Harry Culv« 


nauRh. ^,. 


looks as tho "Ned" used some 
sort of cypher code, doesn't It? You 
will find that what he wants to say 
is all there, however, if you take .i 
little care In reading the message. 
When you have found the answer, 
send It to me on a POSTAL CARD so 
that it readies me by July 25. BB 
The ten children, semiing in the coi- 
rect answer, whose cards are the best 
in grammar, spelling, punctuation, 
penmanship and general appearance, 
will each be awarded a package of 

Anyone of Our Little Folks who 
sends in correct, excellent answers 
(excellent in those things mentioned 
above. — grammar, etc.) for six 
straight weeks without missing will 
be awarded an Honor Prize. The 
prize will be a bright and shiny "al- 
ways pointed" pencil with a supply 
of leads. 

Address all replies to the PUZZLB 


uzzLL con: 

Puzzle Prize Winners 

The answer to the puzzle piil) 
ed in June 27 issue of Penns.vlti 

The prize winners are: DorusJ 
ilerson. age 11. McKean, Pa.; 
R. Beekman, agf 10. Cranbtiiy. : 
.\lberta Blough. age 10, EliMll 
town. Pa.; Clarabelle Chamlitrfcl 

7. Morstein, Pa.; Russell DanieLj 

8. Camden. N. J.; Wllbert P 
Krell. age 12. Butler, Pa.; LoJ 
Miller, age 7. Jamestown. Pa.; 
old Mundy. age 10. Bound Bio<»| 
J.; Herbert Pierce, age 9, Br 

iuwil. Pa.. Eiiiii* StiuOeetl. 

Lansdale, Pa. 

Will John Wright. Routr 1. 1 
well. Pa., please tell me hciw |'| the prize he won? I mallr 
to that address but it was sint] 
marked "unclaimed."— sPuzzl*- 

The King of England .nnd Marshall Poch 
- S,?.'"'''^«oKether on the King's birthday. 
" K *»«'ach at Coney Island, New York. 

before the real rush of a holiday throng 

has arrived. 
'^D^rw*^*'* "March King," Captain John 
.III I ^°"'"*- tho past .seventy years old. 
4 _^V ^^^^ **'* ^^^'^ "" 8n'=i occasions. 
■'—Champion shorthorn bull. Basildon Roy- 

al II. winner at the agricultural show at 
Maidstone, England. 

6. — Mrs. Stafford, daughter of Robert Peary, 
discoverer of the North Pole, wished 
Lieutenant C-ommander MacMillan god- 
speed on his latest Arctic expedition. 

8. — Photograph taken from the crow's nest 
of the S. S. Peary. The loading of Mac- 
Millan's flagship, Bowdoln, for her trip. 

(Coprrttkt n ^DOcnrood * TTndcnnxNn 
"• — Mrs. Nicholas Lour wort li. formerly Alice 

Roosevelt, with her baby daughter. 
8. — List..ner.s in on this .•^f.-xtlon had .in op- 
portunity to hear all the real circus — bands, roaring beasts, etc. 
9. — Girl sfu.ier.ts of Rhodes University. 
Orahamstown. .'Jnnth Africa; enjoying the 
Prince of Wahs' appreciation of their 
cardbnad "d- mation." 


TennsytVania Farmer 

The Education of Billy Stream 

By Frederick IVilliam Wallace 

Oprricbt. BODDCB * STOUCiBTOM. Ud., Cuada 


THE hard old man felt so good 
over the news that he allowed 
his daughter to cajole him Into buy- 
ing an automobile. 

Buoyed up with optimism and an 
enthusiastic faith in the future, Bil- 
ly Stream landed in Montreal and 
called on several of the large whole- 
sale fish distributors. They all knew 
the Excelsior Brand and liked them. 
The flnnan-haddies put up by Ben 
Anthony had a peculiarly piquant 
and tasty flavor which was absent in 
the Stream Company's product, and 
customers preferred them. There 
was a good market for all they could 
supply and any one of the firms he 
viRlted would take up an agency and 
push the .sale of the goods. 

After looking up their various 
commercial ratings and a few other 
things. Billy appointed an up-to- 
date concern as his distributing 
agent and promised to let them know 
when he would be ready to start 
shipping the fish. 

"Get to work as soon as possible. 
Captain Stream." said the whole- 
saler. "Your namesake's concern has 
jacked the price up on us and. as 
they have no opposition to amount 
to anything. the>''ve got the mar- 

Getting an agent was an easier 
matter than getting money, however, 
and Billy spent an arduous week in- 
terviewing capitalists and exhibiting 
his plans and outlining the possibil- 
ities of his proposition. If he were 
engaged in promoting an oil well, a 
Fllver mine or a real estate option, 
he could have got the money, but * 
flf^h htisiness — alas! It was too far 
away and vislonai-y for the men he 
interviewed to Invf.«t In. 

Stream haunted offices, raced 
around hotels to k«>ep appointments, 
worked all his colltge chums for let- 
ten" of introduction to moneyed men. 
and pot thin and pale with his un- 
availing efforts. It was fruitless. 
Ten thousand dollars were as hard 
to g(t as ten million. 

A trip to Toronto on the money- 
ralfilng errand took nearly all his al- 
lowance, and whpn he returned to 
Montreal after an unsuccessful visit 
he had to crave the hospitality of an 
old college chum and spII his watch 
In order to procure enough money to 
take him to Boston. He did not feel 
like wiring his uncle for funds, and 
onct in Boston he felt sure that he 
would get a lift over to Nova Scotia 
upon a coastf-r or a fisherman. 

Pe'ling decidedly bltic. he decided 
to leave Montreal, tind with Jack 
Anstruther. his tollfge friend, he 
walkfd down-town to the railroad 
depot. It was a cold Ffbruary eve- 
ning, the streets w»re slippery and 
w.ilking was diffictilt. 

At a busy crossing an old gentle- 
man, dressed rather meanly, atten^pt- 
ed to cross the street nnd slipped and 
fell in front of an •■lectrlc car which 
wa* coming downhill at a fair rate 
of sppfd. The motorman atteniptfd 
to apply his air and hand-brakes. 

but the wheels failed lb grip on the 
slippery rails and the heavy vehicle 
went charging down the slope with 
unabated speed. 

Spectators .shouted in horror; a 
policeman made a rush, but while he 
hesitated in v fright Stream leaped In 
front of the car, grabbed a bar with 
his left hand, and, as it drove down 
on top of the prostrate man, he 
reached down and grasped the old 
gentleman by the coat collar and 
held It in a grip of Iron, 

Before the car could be brought to 
a standstill, both were dragged sev- 
eral yards In front of the car with 
their legs trailing under It, but, ex- 
cept for the hurts incidental to scrap- 
ing along an ley street, neither were 

Stream swung the old gentleman 
to his feet. 

"You've choked me!" shrieked the 
old fellow angrily. "What the devil 
do you mean?" 

Billy gasped In surprise. After 
saving the man's life, such a greet- 
ing was Incomprehensible, and he 

"What d'ye mean by goln' to sleep 
on the car tracks? Tired of life, or 

A crowd had gathered and An- 
struther elbowed his way to Stream's 

"You'll have to hurry. Billy." he 
said. "Your train goes In two min- 
utes. Golly! That was a nervy thing 
you did! You must be an awful 
strong man — " 

"Tend to that scurvy old gink and 
ste him home," s.iid Stream hurried- 
ly. "I'll have to run for my train. 
So long Jack, and many thanks for 
your klndnes(« In putting me up. I'll 
write you." 

Ho fjave a glance at the old gen- 
tleman, who wa.s stirrounded by the 
crowd, and he struggled thru the on- 
lookers and commenced to run for 
the depot. Some one shouted after 
him. l)ut as he had only a minute to 
catch the Boston train, he did not 

He swung aboard just as the train 
was going out of the station^ and 
when he took his seat in the smoker, 
he had time to survey himself. 

"My good boots and the bottoms 
of my pants all ripped." he growled, 
"and my coat torn. Saved the old 
ewab's life and he cussed me for 
choking him. What d'ye know about 

He spent the night In the smoker 
thinking over the ftiture and his 
prospects. Things were decidedly 

ARRIVING In Boston he went and 
had breakfast in a "quick lunch" 
on Atlantic Avenue. He did not sit 
up at the counter, hut entered a par- 
titioned-off conipiirtment. While he 
was eating he could hear the slurring 
conversation of two drunken men in 
the npxt cubiclp, hut probably would 
have t.iken no nof'ce (it it had he not 
heard the name "Anthony" mention- 
ed. Pausing to lii'fen he heard a 
familiar voice speaking in the ego- 

tistical bragging manner of "boosy" 

• "Vesh, Tom." it was saying. "I 
got even with him, see? He lirked 
me, an' made a fool o' me afore th' 
men, an' you know I ain't th' man 
any one kin lick an' git away with 
It, see? He hove me down inter a 
scow-load o' gurry an' made a proper 
mug o' me, but I got even with him. 
tlio he don't know it. You knew 

"Naw! How d'ye git him. Jack?" 

"He was runnln' flsh to Ben An- 
thony after hl.s old man kicked him 
out fer lickin' me. The old man an* 
him don't pull, ye see? I owe Ben 
Anthony one fer gittin* me pinched 
one tine an' I owed this college cub 
one fer llckln' me, so I jest went over 
to Port Anthony one night In a dory 
an' hove a handful o' lighted waste 
inter Ben Anthony's dried- flsh 
hotise — " 

"Sh!" cautioned the other man, 
who was evidently more sober. "Be 
careful how ye talk. That's a jail 

"Nobody kin hear me." growled 
the other. "I ain't shoutin'. So. as 
I was tellln' ye, th' cussed place 
burnt down. Ben Anthony's bin put 
cut o' business an' that young swab 
had t* give up th* vessel. He's gone 

"Waal." Interrupted the other. 
"What's ver plan? Ol' man Stream 
fired ye fer drink'n'. How're ye a- 
goln' to bleed him?" 

"Llssen. son. Ton were In th' fish- 
shed that time when ol' man Stream 
was cussln' Ben Anthony. Remember 
what he said?" 

"Only wished his hulldln's 'ud 
bum down an' git him out o' busi- 
ness. That's what ye mean?" 

"Sure thing? An' thar were lots 
h'ard him. Now Fm going to ol' 
man Stream an' Fm goln' to say that 
he hired me to burn Ben Aathony's 
buildin's down. Fll tell him that yoo 
•n' others h'ard him say he wished 
some one 'ud burn 'em for him — " 

"Sh!" Interjected the other man. 
"You're talkin' too loud! Here, fin- 
ish yer cawfee an' let's git out an' 
aboard th' Jennie May." 

STREAM listened almost breath- 
less at the disclosures be had 
overhead in this chance conversation. 
He knew the voices — pne was Jack 
Hemsley's. the foreman he had . 
thrashed — and the other was a man 
who used to work .'round h'<i fath- 
er's place. Both men were rising to 
their feet. Stream placed his hand 
dninkenlv on the table and snored 
Btertoriously. As the two stumbled 
out. he was conscious that Hemsley's 
companion glanced at him. 

"Who Is that?" growled Hemsley. 

"Another souse — dead to th* 
world. He h'ard nawthln'." And they 
passed out. 

Stream finished his coffee. 

"So, they're going over on the 
Jennie May. She'll be goln«r to An- 
chorvllle with a load o' hard coal, I 
guesrf. Stanley Collins Is skipper of 
her, and I guess he'll give me a lift 
over as well. I must go down and 
see him. Even tho I'm not friendly 
disposed to my dad, I won't allow 
those beach combers to put a game 
like that over hlTii, and I'll jug Mis- 
ter Fire-bug Hemsley for burning 
Uncle Ben's place." 

As he strode down to the coal dock, 
he felt that his excursion had not 
proved altogether fruitless. 

Captain Collins of the Jennie May 

July IS. mil 

laughed heartily when Stream ex- 
plained his wants. 

"Lord Harry! My old packet shd 
git inter th' passenger business 
You're the third guy that wants a 
lift to Anchorville. Waal. I'm glad f 
hev ye, Billy. A coaster kin alius do 
with a few extry hande In winter- 
time. Pick yer bunk an* make yer- 
self to home. We'll go out at noon 
with the ebbtide." 

In the forecastle Billy found Hem- 
sley and his companion, a man nam- 
ed Jones. The former Jumped to his 
feet on seeing Stream and ground 
out an oath. 

"Hullo, Hemsley!" exclaimed Bil- 
ly heartily. "Ooin» across?" 

The man growled an affirmative 

"Well, well." said BUly. "wellL 
make a regular family party. How's] 
everything at Anchorville?" 

"Same's ueual," grunted Hemsley 

Stream could see by the man's de-, 
meanor that he was still sore overl 
the thrashing he had got, but Blllyl 
treated him as if it bad aerer ba^l 

THEY hoisted sail and put to sea,! 
and for two days the weatheri 
held fine and they romped up tli«l 
coast. When they made Matincual 
Rock, the weather got colder and il 
heavy frost vapor shrouded the sei,[ 
settling down so thickly that It wm 
impossible to see the end of the ji1>-| 
boom from the windlass. Billy had 
the wheel from midnight to four, anil 
when relieved by Captain Collins hvl 
went down into the cabin and tarn-f 
ed into the latter's hunk. 

For a while he lay dosing and lis 
tening to the drone of the mechanic-l 
al for-horn which Hemsley wail 
pumping for-ard, and then turnlnn 
over In the warm blanjcets. be wenll 
Into the deep slumberof sailormpaT 
He was awakened an hour later by J 
terrific crash whieh hove him out ot| 
the cabin floor. 

"For heaven's sake, stand by u&| 
We're sinking!" 

Another voice. Hemsley's, cried: 

"Olt th' yawl over. She's cut th'j 

bews off ti8 clean to the forebatch!"! 

Sea-*ooted feet tramped overhead,! 

and amid the shouting Billy hearil| 

Collins bawling: 

"Open th* cabin door, Hemsley!] 
Billy Stream*?; below in my bunk." 

Stream leaped for the gangwij] 
ladder and clambered tip the stej 
as Hemsley shoved tho hatch back. 
"That you. Stream?" &o hlaeeii. 
■Yep! TThafr— " 
Before he could articulate tli 
question something heavy smash* 
him on the top of the head and 
toppled back Into the cabin, sens 
less, just as the schooner settled 
the water to her scruppers. 

"He ain't below!" bawled H» 
ley. "Must sleep like tb' Seven Slee 

"She's settling." said the coaster 
captain. "Into the yawl with ro^ 
We can't save him now!" And tl 
five members of the coaster's crti 
tumbled into the boat and shoved oj 
Just as the schooner hove her st« 
up preparatory to going down by ' 

"Lay to your oars, men!" shout<| 
Collins. "I hear that cursed steam^ 
whisllin' down to loo-ard. Olt 'io« 
to him or we'll be swamped. 
Blllv Stream!" 

tV^lth a heavy sea running. tli«i 
was no time for regrets, and 
crowd In the yawl pulled hurrl« 
in the direction of the steamer whk 

fi;l>' 18. 1925 

Pennsptvania Farmer 

Activities of AI Acres: We Hope That Al Doesn't Get a Flat Tire: 


Our Weekly Cross Word Puzzle 

H,' / 

f <. 




: If" ■ 




/7 /^ ^B'^ 



" Ji" ^ 



" ■ 

■" Ji^- 


1 — 1 — 1 — I — ^K. 


1 SOLVE this puzzle, fill In the white squares with letters forming the 
words defined in the list below. For exanipU: 19 (across) is HIDALGO 
ind 15 (down) is OORES. You may begin anywhere In the puzzl« Fol- 
Hjw the dtflnitlons carefully and. by noting letters common to two words 
rou will soon have a clew to help you. The .«<olution of thLs puzzle will 
Ippear In an enrly issue. 


1. A nlckiianu- fur Nathaniel 

3. An agriculturalist 
1 8. Frozen rain 
II. Oriental, abbreviation 
B2. Bouts propelled b.v paddles 

13. Prtfix ineonlnir "under" 

14. Whit.-, downy jiubsMnr^ which tU- 
klopg cert.-iin plant seeds 

15. The unit of resistance 
lie. Into 

llT. Inf.intry drill reKulatlons. abbrevla- 

11!*. .\ nobUman of Snnin 
':). Skill 

.V winter montli, abbreviation 
|:t. Plant with an edible root 

.Vn obtitrucUon 
.- To ransom from hondaire 
K'S. Suffix Indlcatlns the comparative d*- 
|r»-e ^ 

|2!t. Placed, deposited 
Ino. To determine damages, taxes, etc. 
|31. A B'ift metal, sllver.v-white 
1. Existing only in n.ime 

Advanced Reglstr?-, abbreviation 
s. A parent 
4. A grotesque gesture 

Fnrty Rqu.ire poles or^perches 
Ifi Til r«rt tens 

.. Eastern states, abbreviation 

8. To RinK In a low undertone" 

*. About, abbreviation 

10. A portable light 

i« Hi^'**'"" "^ * st-ite. abbreviation 
18. The borders of a body of wat-r 

14. Credit, abbreviation 

15. Imaginarj- monsters 

16. Ireland, abbreviation 
18. Ditto. .■it>brevIatlon 
to. To l»ur<t^n 

SL Preposition 

23. Fiither. nickname 

25. Ord.r i,{ merit, abbreviation 

26. British India, abbreviation 

27. Recording se<ret.-»ry. abbre\1atIon 
2S. Ki.Mt Iii.ii..^, abl.r.-v|..!ion 


d run ihem down. 'WTthin ten niin- 
Ite.s t\ipy sighted h<"r in the mist and 
"itindod up alongside. A Jacob's lad- 
r wa." thrown down her steep sides 
d a voice shouted: 
"All saved?" 

".V;iw. blast yel" shouted Collins. 
bar's one man gone down in her!" 
The rescued crew were landed next 
lornlng in Oohtown Harbor and ar- 
|ved in Anchorville that nl?ht. Cap- 
n Stream heard the news of his 
ns death with genuine emotion 
d ciirspd himself bitterly for bla 
r-lin.-'* toward the boy. Ben An- 
ony .vinced as much grief as did 
ll>-i par-nt. and both were present 
t II ('"llins told his stor>'. 
"Billy came to me in Boston to git 
pa.ssau'e ncrost," he explained. "I 
■k him as well as Hemsley an* 
'nfs an' let two o* my crew go 
|hore while th' three o' them 'ud 
lip me work th' vessel acrost. Billy 
's below in niy bunk when th* 
>amer strtnk us for'ard. an' he 
nt down in h r. Hem.sley opened 
cabin .i.x)!- .m' called to him. We 
^d only time to git inter th" boat 
^re she .settled." 

"Did ye .^ee her go under?" !n- 

lired Captain Stream. 

'She was awash to her rails when 

\ left her. A vessel with a dead- 

•Kht cargo o' coal In her an' her 

iws ^ore off dont take long to 

.» Site ha' gone down like 

istone thirty seconds after we shov- 


H'^msley was also questioned. 

"He couldn't ha" bin in th* cabin," 
said "or else he slept mightv 
ni. I shouted down to him but 

^ no reply. He might ba' bin for'- 

a When she was .«*truck. Anyways. 

"gone, poor chap. A Ine feller, 
Lvi.?**"-. <^»«>'*'n Stream. Had tb* 
I ^'"« o a fine man In him." 
i Men Anthony returned home and 

Un* "" !" '''*^ ^ rebuilding bis 
■ant again now that bis nephew 

■ rM?P'- "* *■»« • widower with 

prrow was real. 

JerrV.lf?'?*"^'"* "trange things 
I • ♦'•Wtnlnr. Jaeb Hemrt«r— 

lormerly dock foreman of the Stream 
Flsh Company, and discharged for 
drunkenn.;.Si< — was reinstated in hi-- 
old berth again and was more or leas 
drunk all the time. The man Jones 
■was placed in charge of the shipping- 
room and he. like his crony, seldom 
drew a .«ober breath. 

The office manager fired them both 
one day, but to his consternation, 
C_aptain Stream told him to leave 
them alone. The manager wondered 
but thought the old man's behavior 
in the matter wa.s due to the fact 
that both men were shipmates with 
his .son when be was drowned. 

Like many uneducat^^d men. Cap- 
tain Stream had a horror of the law 
The ingenious yarn .-ipun by Hemsley 
made the old man appear in a dam- 
aging light, and the blackmailer a.=i- 
sured him that any court would find 
him guilty of incendiarism. 

"It'.-= true enough that I fired th' 
place." said Hemsley. "Ijut you'd be 
th' one to gain by' it. Burnln" down 
Ben Anthony's place was good busi- 
ness fur your firm. Ye said out loud 
right afore th' lot of us on th' wharf 
that ye wished some one 'ud burn 
down Ben Anthony's shacks." 

Captain Stream winced. He had 
made these rash remarks to manv 

"And even ef yo had me up In 
court fur settin' fire to th' buildin's 
I'd swear you ast me to an* I kin git 
Jonefi t' swear as well. You'd be con- 
victed fur Incitin' m- to do tli' Job 
an' ye'd git ten years In th* peniten- 
tiary fur It." 

So Hemsley had re.asoned. and the 
old man capitulated. This account- 
ed for his queer actions in employing 
two worthl-'ss characters and placintc 
them In responsible positions. 

Three week.? after the foundering 
of the Jennie May. a man. dressed in 
seaman's dungaree clothes, opened 
the door of the hotise where Ben An- 
thony lived, and entered. Anthony 
was readlnar a new.spaper In the sit- 
ting room; the housekeeper was en- 
gaged in the kitchen, an.i as it was 
dark, none saw the stranger ap- 
proach the house. 

"Uncle Ben!" 

The old man started at the voice 
and paled under hi^ tan. Turning 
fearfully around he gazed with evi- 
dent horror at the sight of his 
nephew. Billy Stream — not the Billy 
Stream be knew, but an ill-dressed 
grimy individual with Billy's face, 
voice and figure. 

"Sufferin' codfl.^h!" ejaculated An- 
thony in an awed tone. "Wliat d'ye 
want. Billy? Ye ain'r come to ha'nt 

The apparition laughed and strode 
across to him. 

"Don't be scared, uncle. It's me. 
all right, alive and well, but awfullv 
hungry and awfully dirty!" 

Ben slowly grasped the proffered 
hand, fully expecting it to vanish. 
but the feel of solid flesh reassured 


blm that it was real, and that Bil- 
^'..„i^^, *"'' *'*'"• s'oo<* before him. 

led! cried the aiuW, recovering 
from his fright and shaking the 
hand heartily. "Lord! but ye scar't 
me! How in tli' name o' all that's 
sacred did you git here? I thought 
ye was drowndod." 

"Sh!" cautioned Billy. "I verv 
nearly ws^. Uncle. Wh.u happened 
to me will never happen again in a 
thousand years." 

'*TelI me quick!" 

nffll'^ 'r.!"^ '" ^''^ skipper's bunk; 
aft wheii the steamer cut the bow.-» 
off the shooner. I got up after I was 
hove out on the floor and pulled my 
boots on. Then I made for N»e lad- 
der Just as Hem.sley slid back th(* 
hatch. That you 5?!reain?' s.ays be 
and when I answere.l him. ho gave 
me a clip on the head with an iron 
helaying-pin or something and 
knocked jne hack into the cabin, dead 
to the world. I came to mvself when 
the water poured in and I knew the 
schooner was sinkins. .so I swam to 
the companion-hatch and hung there 
The whole vessel must have been un- 
der water and I just managed to haul 
myself thru, ready to swim for the 
surface when she came up again and 
I found myself above water an jam- 
med In the cabin slide." 

"How In blazes c'd she come up 
an' her loaded with coal?" 

"I'll tell yoti. When the steamer 
hit her she cut the fore-end clean off 
the vessel as far aft as the forehatch. 
WTien she settled, her head went 
down first nnd the cargo of sim- 
ply ran out of her. As soon as she 
dumped It. being a wotideti vess.?! and 
having no she cam« up and 
floated. I hung to her until daylight 
and was picked up by a big four- 
master' bound for Philadelphia. I 
left here there and came up to Cob- 
town as a fireman in a. coal tramp. 
And here I am." 

"And boy. oh. boy, I'm glad to see 
ye!" cried his uncle heartilv. "Ain't 
you th' divil for gettin' Into scrapet* 
an' out o' them again. Now fell me 
all what's happened sense I saw ye 
last. Ye didn't manage to git 'ny 
money tip west?" 

(To be continued next week) 

Her Dad — Do EiiKli.shnieu under- 
stand our American 

Another Dad' — Som.- of them ao. 

Her Dad — My daughter is to be 
married in London and tlie Earl has 
cabled me to come across. — Duuk of 

Old Colonial Family Homesteads 

Kiliti«r.-<' Not.-. — A few wet?k.s ago we 
asked for a sh.irt history nnd photos of 
farm liuiiiei* Whieh have remained In iws- 
■eMiioR-of the name family for one hun- 
dred years or more. We have been grati- 
fled at the larKe number received. We 
shall publish them under this headlni; 
from week to week until all the ncoepted 
ones have been printed. There Is no nig- 
nifloanoe In the ord^^r In whioh thev ap- 
pesr,— that Is, we do not begin with the 
oldest, the best or the first rerelre<l. but 
simply take them as we pick them up. 

The accompanying picture is of 
the borne of John W. Parks, which l.s 
situated on the Kiskfmlnetas Rlrer 
midway between the busy little cities 
of Leechburg and Vandergrift In 
Armstrong County, Pennsylvania. 

Tbe farm on which we live, known 

as "Farmer's Delight" as named in 
the original patent, dates back one 
hundred and nine years of unbroken 
occupancy by the Parks family. 

The records in my po.ssession 
show that In 1769 John Montgomery 
of Philadelphia, Pa., applied thru 
the proper rhannel to King Oeorge 
in for a patent on two hundred sev- 
en fy-flv» acres of land in the County 
of NiTrthumberland, Pennsylvania. 
naming the ti^ct. Tarmer'B De- 
llgbt." In 1773 tbe patent was is- 
sueii. written rm parchment, with the 
ieal of th- King affixed. 

In IS I. '5 my grandfather, Robert 
Parks, hvight tbe farm direct from 

the palentec. thru Ins Ales- 
anderia Stewart, and in Manh 18H 
moved his family, consisting of him- 
self, wife and ten children, with all 
their eflects. in a wagon 
to this lovely land. The farm has 
been continuously in po.sse«xion of 
the Parks family. Tbe writer owns 
and occupies one hundred acres, hav- 
ing a commodtou.s home and a bright 
and lovely family. 

Pennsylyanla Farmer's reqaefit for 
historical data along this line baa 
prompted me to write, believing tbat 
this sketcb will compare favorably 
with any you may receive. — John W 




July l:(, 132S 


YeiretablrN (whol.sMli )— UKANS. Md 
nnti N J, liu liiiipr, ki'<'<'Ii ihhI wax, nnliii- 
ary, %\'n'l\ innstly jl.TiOSi l.Ti ; few fancy, 
$2.25ti<!.r)0. Bi:i'rrS. honn' Kriiwn, dot! 
bchs, 20(li:tOc. C'AUIJAfii:. oliio, Alaii.tta 
district, liP(i-II) crati-, Joiii :!.r>li ; small wlmk, 
%ir,t'Z.r,». CAHHo'l'S. lu.iiie m-iiwii, (Iciz 
bctiH, 'i:,ri,:;:n. <'i;i^F.llV. .MUIi, llat <rat4 3 
doz bchH, $2'(( L'.LTi ; Calif. <rat»H nf i'li:, 

doz, $8.B(i<(i:i. <T("r.\iHi;i:s. oiii<>, hut 

hoHHe, liskt 2 dtiz, fancy, t"fti2.L'5; No 1, 
11.25; N C, lill linipr, $1.2r)'fi l, ; \u'or. 
50c. GUKi:X fOIlX, Ala, crate idib d<>«, 
$1.25''(i ; Mo, l.ii l.skt, !fl.2r><ii I.5o. IJCT- 
Tl.'CIO, home Krown, Imx 2 <lo/. hds, leaf,; Wash and f'ailf, 1< elierc, cratK, 
*:t««4; mostly, %.'.<<i:i.m. i>N!().\S, honie- 
Krown, bundle 1 doK bchs. HKiiIDc; Siian- 
ish. crate, ftOs, |2ii/ 2 25 ; Calif, whitos, 10(1- 
Ib sacks. %l.r,is. 1-I;aS, N Y, bu bskt. »2ffii 
3; poor, 11.50. Pi>T.\TOi:.^, new stock, bl.l 
Cobblers. Vn, No I. |t;ii i;.25.- jmi'HAItH, 
home jirown, liundit', 1 doz bchs, ;'iiM:inc. 
SPINACH, home urown, bu bskt. sum- 
mer, 50«i75c; winter, ilf(il.25. T(>.\l.\- 
TOES, •1-bskt ir.itc, Tcnn, best, iXM'ti 
1.65; Ohio, ]2-<|t liskt. f.mcy, $2.50; clioi< o, 
$1.25 '-1 1.50. TIItNIi'S. Ohio, bu, ll.T.'iffjJ; 
lO-qt chip bskt. 5001 75c. 

Krultti— AIM'LKS. new, bu bskt, Md nnd 
Del, Transjiarcnt.s, No 1, $2'i<2.25; pi.i'ii r. 
$1.50*11.75; .N.) 2, 75cr<($l. CA.NT.r- 
L,OUl'K.S, Calif, crate, junibr)S, HUii.'la, 
.standards. $:!.25((H ; Jionys, $2.75'Sin; llatn. 
$I.35fil.5n; Arizonas, jumbos, $4.2.'i'.i 4.50 ; 
standards, $3.75ii( 4 ; rials, |t.5o fti 1.75. 
CHKHnii:S. home ».rowii, 10-. it chip bskt, 
»1«/1.25; J'cnna and N V. :t2-<|l crate, 
$2.50'ii4. Cl'RUANTS. X Y. :!2-ql crate, 
bent, $).25«(4.5ii; pc.r, %?,:•». IiK\V'Mi:i:- 
RIKS, .'12-qt .rate. N Y, $4w7; Indl.iiia, 
$4. I'K.\<'lli:.^, «;.i, ti-bskt (Tate and l>ii 
I'skt, Hiley and (JeoiKia Helh s. Inc. Mum 
t<i l.irKe, $2,501!,:;; small, $2.25'.j 2.50 ; l:j- 
bertas, $2.5iifti :; ; lame, $:!(&.■:. 50. IJA."^!'- 
BICRIIIKS, N Y, crate, $5'.;S WATII:- 
Mi:i-(>NS. KIm :iihI Ca. ys:. 'zu II- ;".'•, 
.lOc; 22«i24, :!Oif/45c; V.liii H>s. 50'Ht;.-,c; 
301^32 lb«, 70(f(75. : .M ll.s, 75''.|N(>c c... h. 


C'attir— r.ertii>ts. ll>;lit : market stc.Mh. 
Oood to thole... $ll',i 11.5'i ; t'.iiid. l;!00 to 
1400 lbs, $lii 25f.( 10.7.-, ; mediums. 12orn(/ 
i:tOU Urn, $!t.25'i;10: tidy, 105ii«i1150 lbs 
$S.50<ill: f.-ilr, ;»MO(FJlrMiii lbs, JSlifl; coni- 
nion, 7oo'.i«oo ll,«. $5''r/i;.75; conmion to 
(rood fat bulls, |4'!/«.5ci; common to pood 
fat cows, $I.5oiJi6..Mi ; heifers. $4r., ;t.i'.-, ; 
fresh cows and springers, $;;o«;S.5. 

Iloifii — Uiceipts. K double-i'.ecks : market 
hipher. I'rlnie heavy. II LOO'S! 14. So ; lieavy 
mixed, $I4.«5«>]5; mediuins and he.ivv 
yorkers, $15rri i.-,.i(i ; licht y<irkirs, $14. «.',»/ 
14.85; pies. $11.5ii'i; I4.C5; fourIis, $n.5ii'-„ 
11.75 : St i>:s. $<;'.; 7. 

Sheep and Liimho — necelpts litht ; mar- 
kcl steady. Prime wethers, $8r„s.25; Rood 
mixed, $fi.75«i7.5o; fair mixed, $5.50«i 
6..50 ; culls and common, $2«i 4 ; cul's to 
choice yearlings, $6'!ill; eprinB lambs, 

t'BlVM — Hecelpts lldht : market Bteadv. 
Choice. $12«i 12.50; heavy and thin, $4i'.('9. 


Receipts — Penna R R. 4 cars h.-»y, 2 cars 
straw, 2 cars shelled corn, 4 cars oats ; B 
and O, 2 cara hay and 4 cars straw. 

Hay— No 1 clover. $I8r.il9; No 1 llpht 
clover, mixed, $20«i 21 ; No 1 heavy clover, 
mixed, $18««/1!>; No 1 clover, mixed, $18fti 
19; No 1 timothy, $23.50«i 24.50 ; No 2 tim- 
othy, $19.60«i 20.50 ; standard timothy, $22 

Straw— Oat.i, J13.50«il4; r>e. »14.50*i 
15; wheat, $i:i.50fel4. 

Vrllnw rorn— No 2 shelled, $1.21«il.22; 
No 3 Rhelled, $1.19«ji.20; No 2 ear. $1.:!:;» 

Oat* — No 2 white, 5B>4«i5Cc; No 3 
white, 53'it';(54lic. 

Vennsvtvania Farmer 

July 18, IsjHIly 18, 1925 

.58 'ic 

60'.;«i61iiP; No 3 white. 57',*!@ 


llullcr— Receipts, 4300 tub.s. Solld-l>.lck- 
ed ireamery. In tubs, extras, 92 sc-ore, 
43 iic-; hlKber scorhiK Roods, 44'-;'./) fT'/.iC, 
the latter for snt.ill lots; .^1 score, 42c; 
90 score, 41c; 8;» score, 40c; S8 score, .'Oc ; 
87 .score, ZH^.^v ; 8i! ,score, ;i8i' ; best prints. 
!t2(</:i| score, 4iiir4Sc; cartons, 4 7{il3c; 
Kooil iirints, S'.tftflll score, 4:i'i! 45c ; c;irtoiis, 
44'f/4('n'; onlin.iry farmers' prints, : iifi 12c. 

f'liee>ie (|Uiel but tirm. New York, wliole 
milk. Hats, fresh, 23H«'24c; lonirhorns. 
rouml lots. 2:i'i*i24c; jnbblnK, smnll lots, 
25Vi'<'2"lc; siiiKle ilalsies, fresh, 23V4W24C. 

corn, $1.50 ; rye, $1.15 ; oats, 80c 
$1.90 cwt; middlings, $2.10 cwt. 
Whidesnie liraiii Market — Wh 

corn, $1.50 ; rye, 'MW ; oats, 80c 
ton ; middlings, $10 ton. 

Pennst/tVania Farmer 

80c; bran, scarce, strong to 25c higher. Bulk nri»l /^ J. "N T 1 y^ 

;.,„.„..., p.7.i4'!.?=?'.!;,,;r&,i'i?,'iif a County JNews and Comment 



July i:' 


Beef Callle — Steers, koo.I t.. choice, $11 
$112.25; fair to pond, $I0«ilI; cows, good 
to chob'c, $«'.'(» 7; fair to good, $4.50(?i 5.50 ; 
bologna cows, as t<i (in-ilily, $I.50'(<3; 
lulls, good to ch«dce, $5.50«ifi.75; fair to 
Kood, $4.5o®5.50; calves, choice. $i:! 50« 
14; fair t«i good. IK'^il^: rnmmon. $9''!' 
11; Tennessee, choi. e. Jll''i/I2; fair to 
good. $S*ilO; conmu.n. $4i'<(li. 

Hheep and I,amh« — Sheep, withers, ex- 
tra, $8ii8.50; fair to good, $«''i7; com- 
mon. $2(&3.50; cows, heavy, fat. $K'>i i;.50 ; 
I.imbs, Mil, $1.11/ U',; V.i, $1211 1« 

Hogs — (julet. but market lirnor In sym- 
pathy with the West. Westi rn. best, 
$iri.50»i 15.75; nearby, h.indy w-lgbt. $14.50 
*/ 14.75. 

tUj Drr»«r# .Him-k — Hiifr^, ^Xukirdl ; 
heifers, $15til9: cows, llUiIt;; yearlings, 
top, %2iiiitfi; gimd, $19«i;;l: caUcH, city 
dressed, $22fi 24 ; «ountry dressed, $170/ 
19; sheep, good welhirs, $1R(S|J0; ewes, 
$l«ff(lS; hogs, $23; wint. r lambs, f2o(&28; 
sftring lambs, $31'/i::3. 


Baled Hoy and Striiw— Hay, timothv. 
No 1, nominiti ; No 2. $IS',;i!i; ,\,, :•. jji; 
®17 ; clover-mixed. No I, $lTr(iIS; No 2. 
fiSeilli. Straw, str.-iight rye. $l7fr(l7 50; 
wheat straw, $1411 1 1.50 ; nat straw. $14«i 

Drnn s<dd slowly at renntly revised 
prices. Car hits, including sicks, .Ion: 
Wmier bran, city mills, $35#.„5.&0, West- 
ern spring, $33ffi33..'J0. 

Wheat — Market nominal In the absence 
of spot offerings. 

C-«rn — Receipt.^, 1427 bu. Car lots for lo- 
cal trade: No 2 yellow, $1.27fiil.28 ; No 3, 

Oal« — CnT lota, •• to location; No 2 


July 13, 1925. 

Huller nnd Kggs — Country butter, 45«ii 
55.-; creamery, iOlifiOc; fresh eggs, 38 W 
40c; mostly 39c. 

Ilresyed I'onllry — Chickens, SSCm $2.25 
ea : s.|uabs, 354> 40c ea ; ducks, $1.25i(7' 
2.35 ea. 

Vrgetableb — Beans, green, 20c M pk ; 
yellow, 2iic \ pk ; beets, 5*1 8c bch ; cab- 
bage, 5«i luc ea ; carrot.s, 5c bch; celery, 
roil 25c Mtaik ; cucumbers, 6c ea ; 'jorn, UOc 
doz, ears ; eggpbints, 10^15c ea ; lettuce, 
5'i( 35c hd ; onions, 5'ii8c bch; parsley, 2c 
bch; peas, 20i' <|t ; peppers, 4'ii5c ea ; po- 
tatoes, jild, loll 20c '4 pk, new, 20(?i 25c >4 
pk ; rhubarb, 5c bch ; radishes, 6c bch ; 
tomatoes, 25Ti30c <|t. 

I-Tnlts — Appl.s, 15(S2l>c U pk ; .npri- 
•■•its, liu: jit ; blackberriis, 25c .it; «'anta- 
loupes. 13ft 20c ea ; cherries, 15'(i20c <|l ; 
gooseberries, 1.5c «it ; huckleberries, 35c 
<|t ; peaches, 1,5c pt ; plums, 15c pt ; rasp- 
b irii's, S-'ift 30c qt; watermelons, $;ii/ 
$1.25 ea. « 

(iraluii (prices paid to fanners) — ^VIleat 
$1.12; com, $1.05; hay, baled, timothy, 
$i .'.1 14 ; straw, Jlioi/ 11. 

Keed<i (selling prices) — Bran, $:'.7'</;;8; 
sborl«<, f::8nr<:i!i; hominy, $47.50(ii 48.5e ; 
mi. 1. Mings, ?45ft(4t;; linseed, $55.50*i 5(i.5'i ; 
gli.l'ii, $l9.5o'<i5i'.5o ; ground oats. $141/15; 


liultrr — Creamery, fancy, 43r>(44c 
choice, 411) 42c; do, good, 39'»i<40c; 
prints. 44«i46c; do, blocks, 431ij45c 
ladles, 34(S)35c; do, iM,ir>land and Penna,' 
ndls, 3Un,3:;c; store packed, 31c; dairy 
prints, •!l»i)33c; proc»ss butter. 361;'37e. 

l.lve Pnoltry — Chickens, old hens, 4<A 
lbs and over, 28W29C ; do, medium, SV^di 
4 lbs, smooth, 2tiC/i27<-; do, smaller t<> 
rough and p/>or, 211/ 22c; 1-eKhorna, 21fri 
23c; old roosters, IGc ; sjiringers, mixed, 
cidored, 2 lbs and over, 38rii.40c; do, IV't* 
l-)4 lbs, 32(g)36c; do, smaller, 28«i30c. 
Ducks, young, Whiio Peklns, 3>/. lbs and 
over, 2.5c; do, puddles, 24e ; do, MuH<ovy 
and mongrels, 2:!c ; sm.iller and poor, 20c 
i'igeons, 25ifi)30c. 


Toledo, Ohio, July 11, 192^1 

Cloverseed, cash, $16; October, $14/ 

necember, $Hi20. Alsike, August. tls'S 

September, $12.25. TImothyseed " 

f-.iO : September, $4, 


July 13, 


_, .. Boston, July ul 

Domestic— Ohio and Penna fleeces I 
a Ineut. washed, 56«,57c; half-blood con 
lug, 64«i;,.-,e; -^-blood combing, 631.6 

Vori"",^"""'***''.''!*^'^*''- *'i<^hlgan and 
iork (leeces, delaine unwashed, 521(5 
Vj-birod combing, 5l(jj,52c; %-blood co» 
Ing. 52«,53c; .^-blood combing? 510& 
fine unwashed, 44®45c; Wisconsin 
Houri and average New Kngi.^^nd : V.'-bU 
\-blood, 51W52c; U-blood, 



llnllir firmer; reielpts, 10,688 tubs; 
cr.-amery, higher than extras, 42',i4i43c- 
extras, 92 score, 42c; Jirsts, 88&91 score, 
40/ii41%c; packing stock, current make. 
No 2, 32VJC. 

Kggg Irregular; receipts, 17,225 cases- 
fresh gathered, extra tirsts. 34(i»'a5V.c ■ 
firsts, 321/ 33c; seconds, 30i.4(!j 31 Vic ; near- 
by hennery whites, clo.sely selected, ex- 
tras, 45rgilSc; nc.-irby and nearby western 
hennery whites, firsts to average extras, 
37iiUc; n.-arby In iinery browns, extras, 
401/ 47c; I'acific Coast whites, extras, 451/ 
4.c; first to extra firsts, 39\«i43«4c 

Cheese steady ; receipts. 82,265 pounds ; 
state, whole milk flats, fresh to fancy 
specials. 23r(r24c; average run, 21>/-«»'22c"; 
state, whole milk llat.s. held, faiicy to 
f.iney spe. ials, 2t;Vie27>ic: average run, 
J,>^^1/ 26V.;C. 

Live Poultry steady; no freight quot.i- 
tiotis ; broi'.TS, by express, 28«i:i7c; 
f'.wls, by express, 22C'» 26c. 

Dressed Poultry weak ; chickens, fresh. 

• t 

The Trend of the Markets 

I-" HK figures In the following tab'.e represent the approximate unweighted 
average prices of the commodities and grades specified The prices are 
' ■ -"^ r."rttnttotin 'roiw the market page of Pennsylv.inla Farmer 


Butter, 92 score creamery extras (N. T.) 
Kggs, fresh gathered extra firsts (N. T.) 
Chickens, broilers by express (New York) 

Steers, good to choice (Lanc.nster) 

Hay, Number 2 timothy baled (Phlla.).. 
Wheat, Number 2 red winter (Phlla.).. 
Corn, Number 2 yellow (Philadelphia).. 
Oats, Number 2 white (I'hil.Tdeiphia). . 


$ .42 
.34 '4 
.32 Vi 
18. .50 




I .41 






1.21 Vi 


t ,43 









I .40^; 







m3^tt H^^"^', •'*''"" "'« '"f prompt 
ments based on payment on nrfivul 
hin^ f,^ tiuoted by the Philadelphia > 
bing trade to retail feed dealers on j|( 
b^r./^^.^^' «""ta«i"ns cover solid* 
OR for delivery at Philadelphia or Sci 
ton rate points. 

lure spring bran 

Spring bran 

Soft winter wheat braii .'."."* 
Hard winter wheat brin 
i^tan<lard middlings . . 
.Sort winter middlings'. 

Hour middlings 

Red ilog (lour '.'.'.'.'.'. 

White hominy .'.'.'.*'' 

Yellow hominy . . 

(JiUten feed '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.' 

36 per cent cottonseed' "ineaV. 

41 per cent cottonseed meal 

43 per cent cottonseed meal.. 60.50s/ si 

34 per cent linseed meal 512ot/* 

tor Baltimore, Cumberland and Wl 
li.imsport rate points, subtract 2«c 
["" y""* i:"""n8eed meal 40c per toi 
I r New York, Newark rate polnU, 
f.^n^'.''^''",^"" UJ"" ^""onseed meal 6oc 
ton), {„v Woodbury, Bridgeton 

Toms River, Cape May rate points, 
$1.40 i>er ton. 
<iood demand after recent decline 

31.756 311 


39. 001142] 
38.501:1 4«J 
47.001/ IJJ 
42.001/ (J 

The Butter Market 

A LL butter markt'ts at the bcgjl 
^»' ning of the week ending jj 


cottonseed. 41 Iter cent, $53. 50fi 54.50 ; 
dairy fe. <is. 16 p.r cent, $381/ •;:! ; IH p.r 
cent, $t2.50fj 43.50; 20 per cent, $44.50® 
45 50; 24 per cent, $49fi50; 25 per cent, 
$521/53; horse feed, 85 per cent, $)8..''>0«i 


lie view of local market for week eiHlIng 
July 11 : Market slow, common and m.di- 
um >:rades beef steers and heifers pre- 
d( mlnating. Beef steers, both dry feds 
and grassers, showing weaker tendency ; 
compared with week ago, 25»(.iOc lower; 
grassers, grafting medium and lieir.w, 
showing most di'dlne ; top dry feds. 
$11.50; top grassers, $10.75; average 
weight, 1375; bulk, $6.50«i8. Ttulls slow, 
about steady. She stock we.ik to 2ric low- 
er; dinners and cutters, steady. l",ilve», 
slow, .ibout steady; top, $13. Hogs, no le- 

Receipts for Saturday's market: Cattle, 
13 cars; 5 Kansas City, 4 Virginia. 2 West 
Virrlnia, 2 St Paul, containing 340 head. 
117 head trucked in from nearby. Total, 
<attb, 457 head. Receipts for Week end- 
ing July II, 1925: Cattle. Ill cnrs ; 43 St 
Ixuir, 24 Virginia. 14 .St Paul, 10 Kansas 
Citv 4 Chicago. 4 West Virginia, 2 Okla- 
homa City, 2 Pittsburgh, 1 lluffalo. 1 
Tennessee, 1 New Jersey, 1 Kiiini'ky. 1 
Ohio 1 Maryland. 1 Indlani. 1 Penna. 
containing 3080 head, 4.50 head trucked in. 
Total, cattle. .n530 head, 220 calves, 101 

Steers t— 

(oM.d to choice 

Fair to good 

.Meillum t'l fair 

Commrm to medium 

ro«»!— • 

(iooil to choice 

Mediinn to good 

Ct.mmon to m»dlum 

C.i liners anil cutters 

4'ahes:— * 

toiiiil to choice 




H. avywelghts, 2eioti 2.50 lbs. 
Mi'diumwelghts, 150(ri200 lbs 
Lighlwi ights. Iiii'., i.Mi 11. s. . 
Hough stock 

. .$10.ri'iii 11 (1(1 

. . 9.iMi(Fj>|ii.«io 

7.r.iiii) 9.00 

. . 5.50I&; 7.50 

. ... r..75(riiv.25 

. ... 4.:5(?.5.75 


, ... I.'(5(ri3.5» 

,. 12.25(?/n»i5 

, . 11. 50(1(12.25 

. 4 60r.ill50 

. . 1 (.7.".-// 1 5.50 

, . 13.75(B 15.00 

, . 12.2.".w 1 :;-,,. 

. 10.501/ 12.25 

301/ 38c; frozen. 251/ 42c; fowls, 24*/ 34c; 
old roosters, 141/ 20c; turkt ys, frozen, 30 
li 46c. 


Cattle— Receipt-s, 2160 ; steadv ; 
steers, $7.50©9.76 ; state bulls, $395.35 ; 
cows, $2.25»i6. 

Calveii — Receipts, 380 head ; easy ; veals, 
common to prime. $8.501114; culls and lit- 
tle <alves, $2.75(& 7.50 ; buttermilk calves. 
$fi1/C.75; fed calves. $71/ 7.50. 

Sheep and Lambs — Receipts, 1800 head; 
steady; sheep, $3''/»7; culls, $21/3; lambs, 
medium to chohe, southern. $14.75(f; 16.50 ; 
culls, $11@12. 

Ilog'4 — Receipts, 160 head ; steady ; light 
to mediimiweighU, $13.256 13.75 ; plain, 
$13,751/14.25; heavy hogs, $14614.50; 
roughs, $II.75«jI2.2.">. 


Feeds— Quotations were as follows (a"il 
July shipment); city bran, $31.75; mid- 
dling, $33.75, In 100-Ib sacks; red dog, 
$47, nominal. In 10o-lb sacks; western 
spring bran, prompt shipment, $31.75& 
3:!.I0; stjindard middling, $33,75(fi'35.10 ; 
Hour middling, $40.50(5i41 ; red dog, spot, 
$47.50. all in 100-11. s.icks, all-rail .-ino 
l.ike-and-rall shipment ; rye middling, 
$34 ; white hominy feed, $41.75, all In 100- 
lb sacks ; cottonseed meal. 36 per cent 
protein, $45.75 ; linseed oil meal, $50.25, 
in lOd-lb sacks. 

Hay and MIrnw— Hay, large bales, tim- 
othy and llirht mixed— No 1, 25 Si 26 ; No 
2, $231/ 2t: No 3, $191(21; sample, $101/17. 
Straw, large bales, rye, $17«(18; oat. 

(Jraln— WH|.:AT, No 2 red, c I f, dom, 
$1.77'', ; No 1 dark spring, c 1 f, domestic. 
$1.75 ; No 2 hard winter, f o b. export. 
$1.69'. ; No 1 .North Manitoba, in bond, 
f o b, export, $1 81^, . No 2 mixed dur- 
um, f o b. 1 xport, $1.63. CdU.N. No 2 
yellow, $1.29>^; .No 3 yellow, $1.28"i ; No 
2 miced, $l.2S3i. OATS, .No 2 White, 
5S>ic; .Vo :>. white. 5(!V..,c; No 4 white, 
WHc; orrttnary whttc. rtlppi^, ncriSi 
fi8<'.c; fancy white, clipped. egU'C'SS'ltc 
HYi:, c I f, export, $1.12-%. BARLKY. 
malting, c I f, domestic, ti06fil.«9. 


K»g» — 32''i ::6c per dozen. 

Honltry— Hens. live. 2ofi2."c; dressed. It 
1/-' 1:1: springers. filicffi$l ea. 

Hntler — Country, 60«i&5c lb; aepar.Ttor, 
r.ii'./6(i(. lb. 

Vegelaldes— Potatoes, lQ6:20c % pk ; 
i ibbage, 3 for 25c; lettuce, 10(ft25c 
hd ; celerj-, 101/ ISi. stalk; tom.-itoes, 61(lnp 
ea ; parsnips, 5c bch ; carrots, 5«( 8c bch ; 
onions, 4®5c bob; soup beans, 16c pt; 
lima beans, 40c qt ; rhubarb, 3e5c bch; 
turnips, 8«10r box; peas, 2oe30c '4 pk ; 
string beans, 15«i20c Vt pk. 

Frails— Apples, old, 23 ft 35c M pk ; new, 
loidSc 'i pk ; raspberriea, 186 26c qt; 
peaches. 25©36c U pk. 

Retail Oral* Marliel— Wheat $176; 


rattle — Compared with week ago ; 
Strictly <-holce heavy fed steers ste.ndy : 
extreme top matured steers, $13.85 : best 
yearlings, $13.75; highest of year; fat sh- 
stock very imeven ; chobe kind higher; 
bulls, t5fe25c higher; vealers mostly $1.50 
up. Week's bulk prices follow : drain-fed 
steers. $n.25iH13; fat cows. ♦4.50«ii7.25 ; 
heifers, $7.25(fr9.50; venl calves, Ill.SOii; 
12.50; stockers nnd feeders, $6fi;7. 

HoBH— -Strong to 10c higher than Frt- 
day's average; hulk 190-lb averages and 
upward, $14(fr 14.20; top, fH.ZS; heavy 
butchers upward to $14.15 ; kind averaging 
ISO lbs downward practically unsalable. 

Sheep— Compared with week ago: Fat 
lambs, 35f>60c lower; cull natives and 
■heep steady to strong; feeding lamba 

11. were in a fairly firm po; 
with optniag prices about a 
cent higlier tJian the close on Krid 
Eastern markets were apparently 
the firmest position a.'* prices made 
further advance on Tuesday whii 
with the except ion of New York 
well maintained thruout the w 
More confidence was expressed ai 
many optratois felt that pre 
price KveLs were to be maintai 
thruout most of the present moo' 
In spite of this feeling trade lad 
snap and was far from satisfact 
Buyers for storage were conservatl 
as to prices paid and volume of pi 
chases aud, there was practically 
speculative Jliuying as operators co 
see but little opportunity for a quii 
turn over on purchases. 

Production Outlook 

The chiff supporting factor on 
butter markets during the week 
the production outlook. In spite 
the fact that the reports on prodn 
tlon for the week ending July 4, 
dicated an increase over both til 
previous and the c o r r e s p o n d il 
week last year, bullish argunieil 
were • dvanced during the ww 
under review. These argument.'-- «fi 
based on available Inforniatlou 
garding production for this riirrfi 
week. Weather conditions In thcMH 
die West and- South Central .=;tau 
were rather iinf;ivorable for ma 
mum butter pioductlon. 

High temp'rafures invariat 
.><tiinulaie ice creum consumption 
hence divert considpra.ble butteP 
from butter Into ice cream. Oti H 
other hand, there are many opiiato 
who arc bearish and who bap> fhd 
opinions on the following po* 
ties. Prices next winter will 
to rule higher than during thi 
vious year In order to allow n 
profit on present holdings and th 
would naturally reduce the demail 
and besides, there Is the popsibilllj 
that production will continue coH 
paratively heavy making large 
lets necessary, f 

JBerks CouDty, Fa. — Haymaking con- 
Inied for a long time and one of the 
liKcst crops for years has been piacod 
I .storage. Alfalfa is almost ready for the 
Icond cutting. Most of the wheat Is cut 
Id placed on shocks. Many farmers In- 
fill to thresh the wheat out of the fields. 
Lts have not yet lodged and promise to 
a good crop. Potatoes h.ive been 
Ir.iytd three times. Corn Is looking well 
■ promises to be a good crop if no 
|irms or hail will interfere. The pe.ich 
Id apple crops will be short, having 
yfered from frost in spring. Many orch- 
Cls have been sprayed twice with a 
Lat deal of satisfaction to the owners. 
^V, N. M.. July 6. 

Clearfield Coanty, Pa. — Clover hay Is 

ry short. Timothy Is improving since 

f rain of a week ago. Com is doing 

|ll but a few fields have a thin stand 

to defective seed. Oats are short but 

km to be heading very well. Wheat is 

1 ready to cut yet and promises to be 

put a normal crop. Peaches and plums 

f a general failure in county ; 

krs will be near a full crop. Apples are 

phort crop but are more nearly fre« 

nn scab than for some seasons back. 

rden crops are light owing to dry 

ather. Cabbage Is selling at 6@7c, 

plesale, with only a small acreage 

ay for market. Good country butter Is 

J 50c; eggs, 30c, cash. Few young 

Ikens are ready for market yet — D. 

*■'.. July 4. 

Vederfek Coanty, AId.-.^Weather cooler 
-owing weeks of intensei heat and 
lught. The dry spell has to some Atent 
pt broken during the past two 'weelia 
I small showers in some sections ; in 
Bra, severe storms have uprooted trees 
1 unroofed barns. Young grass in stub- 
lls practically all dried up. Some think 
J clover hasn't yet germinated In which 
le a good soaKing rain will probably Im- 
bve the outlook. Harvesting is practlc- 
BT all completed and most of hay is 
Ide. Hay was very short and poor, due 
Idry weather. Grain, except oats, seems 
Ibe ordinarily good, oats exceptionally 
brt and heads are small. Wheat prices 
bpped 3(k! per bu. the past week, mak- 
t it $1.25 ; corn, $1.50 ; eggs, 30c ; young 
Ickens, 36@40c on local markets. — R. J. 
|. July e. 

3lonee(t«r Covnty. N. J — Truck crops 
I Gloucester County are the poorest ever 
■own. The white potato crop is a com- 
\te failure, with some fields digging as 
|ich as ten barrels to the acre. The 

ck Is so small that the potatoes are be- 
sold, field run. There will be a fair 
lid of early tomatoes, but they will be 
y-. The season Is about two weeks be- 
■d bast year and the price Is $5 per 
Vte at Swedesboro. With a rain the can- 
lise or clean up of the early crop may 
■p the tomato growers out of a serious 
lin< losa. Sweet potatoes are very 
br: the stem rot has been worse than 
1 years. In the hail district the sweet 
latoes have not made growth like 
I tomatoes. The hail cut the top so 
fd that aU the eyes on the stem were 
liiiiged so badly that they could not 
■ke a new growth. Apples promise a 
Iter crop than last year. The crop 
lund Glassboro is the biggest evfer 
Pwn. especially on all the early Buminer 
bles.— A, K., July 6. 

Uekawanaa County. Pa.— June sUirted 
nvlth a hard electrical shower and hall 
•t damaged gardens and newly planted 
IJi fields in .some sections. Large trees 
^e blown down. Then followed the hot- 
week in June in years. The tempera- 
- registered from ninety to ninety-five 
rees in the shade in the country places. 
p pl.-inted gardens have caught up with 
ToiJ* «""'*' earlier and everything Is 
KIh ,I^"\ R^'fpnt heavy rains have 
fr„ u*. '"*>' '^'■"P »nd meadows are 
King better. Oats look short In some 

Ln' J*'^,i*'?'""'f ff^**- Strawberries 
r* a Plentiful crop and red raspberries 

m""!"^ »' a 'arge yield. Currants 
gooseberries well loaded, but there 

at.n^^^^''''"-' "' P^""""- P'"""«- peaches 
■nlcfc^r? " ^2'"" '"falitles. Hudtleber- 
IT ..nin. ""^ harvesting the early crop. 
n 'inVT'- ^'•" P"*- butter. 45@47c; 
Ia 1?' ''"='• : "W '"Wis, dressed. 30c.— 
■A. K., June 30. 

Kood, Wild berries reported quite plenti- 
ful ; huckleberries bring 25(S)35c a qt. ; red 
and black raspberries, 20c ; cherries 5c 
lb; butter, 50c; eggs, 35c; pork, 17iSJ22c 
nog dressed; veal, 12c.— C. I, C„ July 9. 

Mercer Connty, Pa.— The long needed 
rains are here again and they make life 
seem more worth while. I Uiink this has 
been one of the worst summers Mercer 
Lounty farmers have experienced for 
years. Wheat wil be ready to cut in about 
two or three weeks, but it will not be 
over sixty per cent of a normal crop. 
Oats, which made a good showing at the 
start, are thin, short and very irregular; 
will be about one-half crop. Clover hay 
Is so short It is almost Impossible to 
handle It with a hay fork, and It is also 
a thin stand. Timothy meadows are very 
light. About the only crop we have woMh 
while is corn, selling at from $6 to $8 per 
bushel. Raspberries and blackberries a 
failure. Cherries a fair crop In some 
localities. Selling at $4 to $6 a bushel, 
crate. A few early apples but mighty few 

winter ones anywher-.- in the county J. 

W. B., June 29. 

Middlesex Connty, N. J.— Recent rains 
broke the rather prolonged drought Po- 
tatoes and vegetable crops were begin- 
ning to suffer seriously and It is doubtful 
If potatoes even now will give more than 
two-thirds of a normal crop. Tomato 
picking win start late; to date the set 
has not been heavy. Corn has been mak- 
ing the best growth of any crop. Wheat 
harvest and haying are well advanced. 
Wheat for the most part will yield a nor- 
mal crop. Most of the hay crop has been 
fair. Prom present indications the apple 
crop will be about two-thirds normal. 
Peaches are not much more than half a 
crop. Considerable t b. testing Is being 
done in th- southern section of the coun- 
ty. Poultry production is holding up well 
Eggs ere selling at 40@50c. Most vege- 
table crops are bringing a fair price be- 
cause of a shortage on the market Pros- 
pects for good pouto prices seem bright 
— O. B.. July 7. 

MonmoBth Connty. N. J_Monmouth 
County had her share of hot weather a 
short time ago followed by cooler nights 
nnd warm days. Since one guess Is as 
good as another, the |>otato prospects are 
rather discouraging. The vine growth, as 
one drives along the road, looks quite 
good but the southern seed In many In- 
stances Is just setting while the northern 
seed, tho It set earlier, has a light crop. 
Reports would Indicate less than fifty 
per cent of a crop. In spite of the dry 
weather corn is growing very nicely. By 
July 4 It averaged. better than three feet 
Wheat and rye were harvested In first 
class shape: threshing of both is begun. 
Setting of canhouse tomatoes w;is rather 
uneven. The harvesting will no d<»jbt be 
much later than usual. Vegetable pros- 
pects are fair. Apples are growing in nice 
shape, a 'medium crop with very little 
thinning necessary. — K. D., July 6, 

Perry Coaaty. Pa.— On the evening of 
July 4 we had one of the heaviest thun- 
der showers for a number of years. The 
beginning of the same week we had a 
shower that broke the extremely dry 
weather that made many corn fields spot- 
ted, oats short in the straw, and reduced 
the hay yield. The wheat is nearly all 
In shock and promises a good crop. The 
young grass In the wheat fields Is very 
unpromising at present. All kinds of ber- 
ries and most fruits are a very short 
crop. Quite a bit of interest is being 
shown in capnnizing demonstrations. Im- 
proved state road building is progressing 
nicely on four different roads. Prices • 
wheat new. $1.20; corn, $1.40; oats, 65c; 
broilers, 26® J5c ; eggs. 29c ; butter, 409 
60c; milk. League price, $2.67 for four 
per cent milk.- J. L. B., July 6, 

standing. Pastures are short and the pros- 
liects for a clover crop are not encourag- 
ing. Oats are in head and a few are 
turning yellow. Corn and potatoes have 
had the last cultivation. Cherries were a 
fair crop, but apples will be only a half 
crop. Testing t:ows for tuberculosis start- 
ed in four townships on the 7th and other 
townships are anxious to have their cows 
tested. Many farmers are unwilling to 
buy any more cows until their herds are 
tested. Teachers for rural schools for the 
next school year have been elected, and 
there are many high school graduates 
who wish to teach. Prices: wheat 11.75; 
corn, $1.15; oats, 55c; veal calves, lie; 
eggs, 30c ; hens, 28c.— J. N. G., July 8. 

Warren County. Pa,— The long dry spell 
was broken by rain on June 24th and 25th. 
Oats were beginning to dry up. Berries 
were pretty well dried up. This was due 
not only to the hot sun and lack of rain 
but atoo to the high winds that have been 
blowing over the county for the last two 
weeks. Bugs and Insects are unusually 
plentiful. Potato beetles are thicker than 
they have been for years. Altho berries 
are a failure they do not move In the 
market selling as low as 18c qt Chickens, 
old, 20c; spring, 40c; butter, 45c; eggs, 
35c ; potatoes, old, 75c bti. ; new, 7c lb. ; 
Dutch cheese, 16c lb. ; veal, 16c. — H. C. J., 
June 26. 

Washington Connty, Pa.— Have had 
quite a long dry spell, practically no rain 
since the big frost until last week. Many 
cornfields had to be replanted; others 
show very poor stands. OaU a good 
stand but exceedingly short. Kalns will 
help them a little tho. Wheat ripening 
heads short but very much better than 
was expected earlier. Pastures hurt by 
freeze at start are short and poor as a 
rule. Buyers report fat cattle very scarce. 
Fruit crop uneven. No peaches, few cher- 
ries sonie places plenty of apples and 
pears. Most of the wool sold at 50c, some 
holding for 60c and should get It Produce 
prices steady. — B. cN., June 30. 


Burplus, J2.19 per 100 pounds; 4.7 
cents per quart. Class 2 .surplu.s, 
$1.85 per 100 pounds; 4 cents per 
quart. The differential Is 4 cents for 
each point and 2 cents for each half 
tenth point in butterfat test. 

fr nS ,^;.""*'' P«— Haying Is about 

fcthh I "'*"* "*'" ^^ "^*" everywhere. 

» Votit^ 'fl"?7 ^''»' » ••'"•»'. The com 

imin,!. 1 *'^'' *''""'* »>^ cultivated: 

1st he m.. J"^" S'"*' ^■*'">' plentiful, hay 

^1 thnr"," "?""*''• Weather has iJ, 

r soaking "f "Plendid progress since 
V^are« .•■*'"* *" •'""« 25. Cherrio!, 

In? I'cUonT *" »'%»^"'-'-<' th'" year In 
Inilses t,!^ I J"'* '^^ ■'»"'' ^''•'at crop 
I d W..I ''*' ""«• Farmers in gener.1l 

' chicken. !f^- ='"•'= *'""«'■■• ■•Of: oats. 
o,H „""• "^■«'' 26c: old potatoes al 

he 2^"^* "'"» wheat and rye.— o. J. r,, 

tether ^'l**"* Pa-Owlng to show- 

h P?ogrL!'ii^'"'^ 1"^ harvesting have 

Oe an^l^ '?"'*"• '^''^'J'- Wheat 

W I. '2^'''. **"«"..»" Wfrher ground; 

r- Pasture""J!'yi'."'' »*»°^ ««>P »»"» 
W. Wool Vn- ^°'^'''l^ out remarkably 
'vool ellps thruout this section weii 

Salem County, y. J.— The white potato 
crop In this county will not average twen- 
ty barrel to the acre. The leaves have be- 
gun to turn brown. The late tomato 
stand Is very poor and this crop Is being 
hurt by the dry weather. The acreage Is 
much reduced from last year ;Ind there 
Is hardly seventy per cent of a stand. 
Plants from the community beds have 
stood much better than those secured from 
other .sources. Corn has not reached the 
stage where the drought has caused any 
Injury. The hay crop was light, but there 
was a big carry over from Ijst yvnr. 
Milk production Is shrinking and the 
farmers are beginning to feed hay to sup- 
plement the pasture. — K. M. B., July 20. 

J^BHiiuetiMBiia ruMBly, Pa. — July is 
bringing the much needed rain and all 
crops begin to look better. The dry 
weather of the forep;irt of June has 
shortened the pastures of feed so farm- 
ers are forced to feed grain in 'order to 
keep up the milk supply. Farmers have 
commenced haying e.'irller than usual. 
Pigs are very scarce and bring from $fi'>i 
6.50 each. There would be fewer b.-irn-, 
lost by storing damp hay if we would 
tnkc the time to spread it |iroi)erlv and 
then add a layer of straw, at least, after 
each load of hay. The sweet juices from 
hay make the straw nearly as substan- 
tial as the hay. Just try It III wager 
the cows won't waste any. Eggs, 33c • 
butter, 49c; veal, 10c; old potatoes, 66c! 
—J. A. G., July 3. 

I'n'on Connty. Pa— Wheat cutting Is in 
full swing this week and a few farmers 
are hauling in the crop. Sheaves are 
hea\-y. evidently wheat ia well filled. 
There are a few fields of timothy still 

Lancaster Tobacco Letter 

ACCORDING to reports received 
from scTeral independent pack^ 
ers week, there is still a little 
1924 tobacco in tho hands of grow- 
ers. Several growers were visiting 
packers' offices last week, trying to 
And a market for their l^eaf but ap- 
parently without success! This con- 
dition In the Lancaster tobacco mar- 
ket is unprecedented. 

A series of timely rains last week 
helped the 1925 tobacco crop to 
progress from a tardy and unfavor- 
able start to a condition of growth 
and hardiness that i.x above normal. 
Many growers had a hard time plant- 
ing, .some being forced to replant as 
often as three times. The crop at the 
present time looks very good, and is 
farther along than it was at the same 
time last year. 

Expect Beady Sale for 1925 Crop 

Tobacco men say that the pros- 
pects for a heavy yield which are 
now In evidence will probably hurt 
the price of the 1925 crop to some 
extent. Other market authorities 
take the number of recent sales of 
the 1924 crop to manufacture, and 
the rapid improvement of the cigar 
Industry, as signs thai the 1925 
crop of Pennsylvania cigar leaf will 
find ready sale regardless of the 

The membership campaign to be 
waged by the Organization Commit- 
tee of the Pennsylvania Tobacco 
Growers' Cooprrative A.'^.'fociation is 
In prospect. The .step in this di- 
rection was made last week when 
specimen contracts were mailed to 
all tobacco growers In Lancaster and 
surrounding counties. The mailing 
of the contract.s is b» ing supplement- 
ed by radio talks, new.-'paper ar- 
ticle-!, vaiiou.s pieces of literature, 
.ind a cniinty-wldA pprips of pomTnm,, 
ity meeting.s in an effort by the com- 
mittee to thoroly acquaint growers 
with the aims of the proposed a.sso- 
ciation before the actual sign-up is 
begun. All town.ship committees are 
practically completed, and final plans 
for the drive are in the hands of the 
general committee. — Garden Spot 

Inter-state Prices 

THE Philadelphia price of milk, in 
effect July 1, as quoted by the 
Inter-State Milk Producers' Associa- 
tion, Is as follows: For 3 per cent 
milk, basic quantity, 12.94 per 100 
pounds; 6.3 cents per quart. Class 1 

Crop Conditions 

» ▼ The weather during the month 
of June was hot and dry, in most 
sections of the state, resulting In 
rather severe drought causing prac- 
tically all drops to decline in condi- 
tion and more paticularly oats, hay 
crops and pa^^ture. 

CORN.— With conditions far more 
favorable than at planting time las! 
year, an increased acreage of corn 
has been planted. The ground was 
cold at corn planting time but the 
crop generally carried thru quite 
well until warmer weather appear- 
ed, after which it made better prog- 
ress. Replanting was necessary in 
some instanced where poor seed had 
been used and where cold. p<Jbr!y 
dralned soil had caused much rot- 

During June the crop thrived on 
the intense heat particularly where 
the moisture was sufficient for steady 
growth. Even when the moisture 
supply became slack, the corn crop 
did not show the affects of the short- 
age as quickly as did other crops. 
The condition on the first of the 
month was better than on the same 
date In 1924 and was also above 

OATS — Ohe of the crops which 
suffered severely from drought 
the past month was oats. The crop l< 
short and by the time saving rair,, 
occurred the latter part of the 
month, it showed very poor appear- 
ance. The crop was still in need pi* 
rains In some .sections on July 1, pai- 
tlculariy in southeast counties. 

\VTNTER WHEAT.— The crop suf- 
feied little or no detriment as a re- 
sult of the drought, except In west- 
ern border counties where frost dam- 
age in May and June had weakened 
the crop. 

With a lower production than 
usual last year, the farm stocks n 
wheat on July 1 are shown to b- 
lower than on that date a year ag... 

^VHITE POTATOES. — D u e tn 
heavy production last year, with fa\- 
orable weather conditions the monf- 
previous to harvest, and the corn - 
spondingly low price and slow sal. 
a .smaller acreage of potatoes has 
■been planted. 

Heat and lack of rainfall has re- 
tarded the plantings to some exten 
but not to excess. Conditions appear 
to be particularly good In the Le- 
high-Northampton district and low- 
est in the southeast corner of th.- 
state. The crop Is in better condltloii 
than last year when the .season w.< 
wet and liackward. and only sllghtl 
below the average condition of th.- ten years. 

HAY CROPS.— All hay crops suf 
fcred heavily from heat and drought 
duiing the month. The condition is 
con-^ldcrably lower than on June 1. 
and with the exception pos.sibly m' 
aitalfa, below the average conditio! 
for this .''e.ison of the year. Clov< 
and alfalfa withstood the hot di • 
weather much better than timothv 
The rainfall of the last week in Jun. 
helped ronsiderably In reviving tb^' 
fields hut the com< hack was not sui 
ficiently apparmt in mo.^t in.stance> 
to make a noticable change in con- 
dition by the flj-st of the month 
Early cuttings were made In order ti. 
Insure he.tvler second cutting.s. 

APPLES. — Hot. dry weather and r 
heavy June drop contributed to tho 
considerable decline noted In appl" 
prospects during the past month 
Hail storms In some northern coun- 
ties added further damage. 


Vennsytvania Farmer 

July 18, 19 J 

Make your natures 

(gm*. /^ better 

*How to Make Money 

Feeding Linseed Oil Meal" 

A condensed and up-to-the- 
minute lecding guide is yours 
for the asking. It is written 
hj Prof. F. B. Morrison, Asst. 
Director of the Wisconsin Experi* 
inent Station. It will show you 
liow you can m-ike your present 
feeding system pay much greater 
profit -->>r point the way to new 
ind better rations. Send for it — 
B loklct E7. 

Batance the Ration With 

Linseed Meal has a way of making 
nearly all farm-grown feeds pay bet- 
ter — even pasturage — by providing 
^.^^ an excess of protein and a different 
^ibftf k»n«J of protein. Even the best animals 
•^KIb need a large part of the feed they eat 
to maintain their ou-n bodies. The 
real profits come only from the 
amount of feed the animals use in 
addition to their maintenance needs. 
Therein is where Linseed Meal pay 
from $10 to $40 a ton profit, or better, 
by supplying the excess. 

Vk'hcn pasturage becomes scanty in 
midsummer, Linseed Meal becomes a 
highly important clement of the grain 
ration for all farm animals — but espe- 
cially for dairy cows. It will prevent 
the cows running down in flesh and 
the milk yield from falling off — 
something which cannot be rectified 
even by liberal bam feeding in the fall. 



Room 1 1 26, Union Trust BIdg. 



Costs UttU, Earns Much 



Any cntilagc cutter that it rheaplv built ii 
a poor invrftmcnt at anu pri<-r The lim- 
ited aervice it give* doe* not pay for the 
trouble it rauset 

For thia reason it payi to buy a Rowell 
Ensilage Culler to l>egin with A Rowell 
gives fuU I ilue in terms of dependatile, 
lasting srrvii e yet a Rowell either fly- 
wheel or tylinder tyt>e ' costs no more than 
man}' ordnary cutters Such features a* 
Hyatt roller bearintES' end-thrust bearinKi 
that take up wear, guarflnteedfor-life fly- 
wheel, and one-pitre. Iwistproof a'.ecl 
mam frame, keep ihe Rowell Trojan work- 
ing like new, years after the thtat> cutler 
hat fallen to pieces 

Mail the coupon and rceeive our new cat- 
alog—also a free copy 
of the "Govcrnient In- 
dex of Valuuble Silage 

Hotttm lyi»ltthuiot 


Unadilla. N. Y. 

JTitlioui tilillcfitlon. srrnl me voiir tJowt i 
rjisilsueru'irr nit»li.s«nil frw cniiy -il \w,- 
nh;ri "Onferainenl lodex ot \ nlimbl.- Hiliu;). 
Kullr'iine' ^ 

Nsin* .. .... 



^rteLB.RowELi. Co. 

iMil Lincoln Ave. 

Waukeaha. Wla. 


The Ney Guarantee looks 
you straight in the eye! 

Every produrt in the complete Ney liac la backed 
hy a rnck-rihhed goaraolec of abaolute aatisfac- 
lioa loihe user. 

You let 100 ccola woeth of vainc Inr every dollar 
you invest —you «el t he hcoefil ol *) yeart esptri- 
cace in improving deiiii!na— ynu gel Ihe alauncb, 
stur J vnhilily In give ioii( and hard aervice that haa 
turned lhnn«ands ••( Ney H«ert into enlhu»iactic 
booaiera and repeal custamcra for Ney pruduci t. 
Write today for catalog No.ftoa Nay Dairy 
liatD Equipment and Hayiog Tuoli. 

/ The Ney Manuructurinl Co. 

/ E.»TAm.i.<iini in» 

/ _ CtnUH, Okia 

/ y^ V<g7Sk Miniinipolix. MIhu. 

«' r;l.'« llairr Barnbisi^neBt hi- 
r , ;.. .'ai.., ft|«nr hi.,n.. watrr 
D.'*t.. [^aa. titUr carriara. wte. 
<'"mTi!rt* Vmm of Rartair ThoU ia* 
dtMiuw bar i-iirrlera, tmf f<irfca 
tor kBl«aa, aU. 

SBost for 2.< Years— Bt'St Now. Hifth- 
est Gratle of iMateriai and Work- 
manship. Made from the Centuries 
old (ivnuine Yellow Douftlas Fir. The 

only silo <ni which you can ftei those famous 


Pronde now (or Wmter Iiuiirance againtt the lou of lb« Hay Cray. 

International Silo Co.. Dept. 14. M«advilU, P«. 

Please Mention Pennsylvania Farmer When Writing to Advertisen 



Staff Contribtitor and Adviser 

[oaduf the Department ol Dairy tluabaiklry 
PcaoaylvaDUt State CoUca* 

Packing Summer Butter for Use in Winter 

Pipase tell me how to pack 
butter in crocks during the sum- 
mer for winter use. How should 
it be put in each crock? — F. F. 
W.. Snyder County, Pa. 

fl'he "Book of Butter" by Outhrle 
gives the foJ'Dwing directions for 
parkins butter in su'taimer for win- 
ter use: 

The impoHant consideration Is the 
(ibtaining of a good product made 
tioin sweet cream. This butter may 
be packed solidly in Jars. PrinU? may 
lie used. If the butter is to be put' in 
jars in a mass, the containers should 
lir.'^t be thoroly scalded. After pack- 
ing, the butter should be covered 
with a white cloth that has been 
.'calded in boiling water. Then a 
covering of salt about 1-S2 inch deep 
.'-Iiould be put over the cloth. The 
purpose of this cloth Is to aid in re- 
moving the salt, when the butt«r is 
taken from the Jar. 

Brine for Prints 

I When prints are used, the Jars 
I i>hould be treated by scalding as in 
I tile above ca-e. Next, a brine should 
I he made sufficiently strong to float 
an egg. This will require about one- 
fourti) as much salt as water. In 
some cases it is wise to boil the 
w.iiei to kill the micro-organ isms in 
it. before the salt is added. Then a 
white cord . nould be tied around 
<ach print, for the wrapper is like- 
ly to float away if not tied to it. 

Thr pvititH iiic tJien packed in the 
Jar and a follower, such as a stone 
p!aie or a wooden circle, placed on 
liie butter. Occa.slonally concrete fol- 
lowiT.< are employed. If wood is 
used for this imrpose, care must be 
iibservtd in choosing a wood that 
will not impart an unde.'iirjible flav- 
or to the butter. 

The, Final Steps 

The next .'^tip ia to place a Btone 
or a brick on the follower to keep 
the butter Mibmerged in the brine. 
These foll<iwei> and weights mu.«t b<' 
carefully cb am <1 and scalded. Pin- 
;i!ly till' brine :-bould be poured over 
the butter. It may be mcesj-ary from 
liin- to lime to add Ijrin*- to keep the 
butter covered with the salt solution. 

The print is more convenient to 
take frnni the jar than solid packed 
biiltir. Fifty one-pounrl prints can 
be parked in a ten-gallon Jar. Les? 
print butter can be parked in smaller 
jar.", to the sallon capacity. This 
l!(iul<i be ki pt in a cool place. When 
covered carefully with brine or folt, 

butter may be held in the cold rooi 
where vegetables and fruit are kej 
—A. A, B. 

Butter Won't Gather 

I have a Jersey and a Ouern- 
.sey which are on pasture; they 
are also fed grain. When I try 
to churn their cream the butter 
will not gather. Please tell me 
the cause of this. — L. B. W 
Butler County, Pa. 

Difllcult churning fretjuently 
cuis during the late winter but na 
so often when cowh get out on pa, 
ture. It is most common where th. 
cows are well advanced in lactation 
or are what is commonly known 
"stripper" rows. In order to faci. 
tate the gathering of the hutter yo 
should have the cream fairly rlc_ 
It should contain about thirty f\ 
Cent of butt erf at for greatest ease . 
churning. The trouble is eomeiirat 
caused by the cream being to 
sweet. If ripened to moderate acidlt; 
the cream will churn more readily. 

Temperature Moat Important 
The temperature of the churnlt, 
is one of the most important facton 
ill remedying the tiou4)le. It may . 
necessary when the churning is ei 
tremely difficult to raise the temj 
atiire even as high as sixty-live 
seventy degrees Fahrenheit. . 

If one of your cows freshens 
you will probably have little dlfl] 
cutty after that lime. In the meat 
time a thirty per «ent cream w«^ 
ripenid and cburnt d at a hiche 
temperature than ufual will be th 
m<ist effective remedy. — A. A. B. 

Jersey Day in Chester | 

MEETING for the first time, wia 
plans to make it an a 
event, the <'he.>-t»r County Ji r» 
Cattle club held their field day fi{ 
crclsea. June 24, on the Charle>; 
Math.r farm near West Chester. Fl« 
breeders exhibited about thirty be* 
of Jerseys from which were aeleotd 
a class of heifers and a class of m 
ture cows for the boys' and pirii 
iiiflping cjmtest. 

Margaret Trego. Glen Moore, ha» 
lug the highest score, won a pur^ 
bred Jersey heifer calf contribuiil 
the Brandywine Jersey Farm, ov. na 
by C. Albert Fox. Pocopson. Se<oi> 
place went to Chester Chan 'lei 
Unionville. who riceivfd a gold in<* 
al. He Is a memix r of the vocatimil 
dairy cattle judrinp whicli wil 

Margaret Trego, Chester County Jersey Field Day prize winner and I)e««j 
Harry Hayward, who preteated calf given by C. Albert Fox. 

ily 18, 1925 


M i\ ItoM ttr<-il Ball-i ciiax irili iiiipnno .voiii 
IT icluctlim. One 'Ow.'i In 9ur iMnl inllkpil ovfr 
uua too Bilk In <iii. WHU tor aur Sal* f.ln 
Tlioj an Bcuiml to ii41. tJ. S. ^pnTnlitnl Hem 

RlVtaVitnw FAMM, Swulhimn. Pa. U diUei 



tuajril*. . . . 

Bl^ bUtl WtXlIo 

•■ JT«1 B»iUh ... . 

■MlitK ilMlU ••■ 



i.l'ifl lor li.»<. Hwii tO'i ■ - 

,:it....|. .VII '-xi .■(! -• 

«COS MICMttN?. Box <i.—UiO 

10.1111— Kill 

. liUU — 100 

,— luu 

live deilx-D' 




,t !■ :i I v"Ur M!'i. t. w.; i*.,J C I' J ... . t*t'...i.'>t e 
iiiaiil I00°o ll i' it^ll'i' ■ sU'iiw. |i<; <bieu ilui k. 

,[■■ Umltni br-d to l»y i. >■ I \Mi. I.o^lii'iw. fc : 
Bulf l,..ll■Ml^ .\ii."i.i-. 1' : I'.'' It Ii-. 'V;. K'H*.. 

C UiiIh li'-i-; Ii'. ' II >■ «-. Iln:! iii,«-..WIi Wynirt.. 
Ik MIiii'Hm". II'. ^I'* '• ■■• ■' ■• '■ I-' '"'" ''"' 
Tmni-. 8il»8r Uak* H«tJh,Ty.8ox PA.Silv^ Lake Inrl. 

ionstlidaled Beef Scrap 


ComoMilatrd By-Prodi-t Ci.. &l<Kk Yard*. PMIo. 


('. WliUi" aii'l V.iiff l.i'.li'iis {^.M ;-r IH'I; U^nwl 
InIi* fill" I" r I"": ll'it-. Hii.iH. !•• I tvO; Hvaiy 
lui-ii ft"' pr lu": U>:l;t. Mi.vl. ^r.ilii f-r I'll. 


K\l!K'.-^ Ur. I li> 1.1. >■■,! ^ :. t[.r. JlOn.i 

' r'i.''i "0. .«S iMi- 2... .<tiiiiw oUli. piumpt 
11. TV »iiil sjttl'.rdiiluii -'i.»rinr'-<l 
W. KLINK. Bm W. MIMtaemk. Pa. 


rutatoM. Onions tnd oUi-t fjirm pro.Jroa want.d. 
.'.i\e demand It (and rM*^ OIBBS 4 BMO., 
325 N. Front St., Phlla.. Pa. LV,tbii_u.t>,| in 1S44. 

nTyXv P A Tl • .r t t'luu.i i!» • . Ker lH'': 
jULli. U. V. V. \V1,.. nr l.etluirn>., Ajl<o;i!... 

IK>: Itik .Mliinnaa. llttU. Il'il M Wii lt'.''ks. !U>; 

l.V.~iil. JH Wi liaiih until s.irt. or<l''. iiiiw. 

licks Every Week \\!Vm, *""'"' 

.il hiBt ri 

Wi »ml<i»le-. 10" 
1' : Hi 'I ;.•!>. 7<- rrt- 
BtMmr S^atit Pa. 

I.OOO OAV-OLB CHICKS imHU.'. tuni*r'>. dnrka. 

»:ulni-as, liuntjrn>. Inr..., trill.c. stock, 
eitalo,!. Pioamr F.irrai. Ififoru, p«. 



pUERNSEYS — Oairnaer twlla m Du4iicioataU btvnllnc 
Ir ■11 V Ii ullil 11. .-.^•.••I iliMs. f-'l 'ill Anro-ljX'l 
ll.iil l'ri.-.», and ;irtlUMr« i>n npjiii.'.non. WUtaw 
Irook Farmt Co., Charchvrir. Bu.:lii County, Pa. 


iTitK i.itiji) - i;rt;i.'''T--iKii 
irOLF CREEK FARM. R. 0. 2, Slippory Rock, Pa. 

REGISTERED GUERNSEY COtUt r.r uIh. rxira nlrx 
•■ en.-., •2!in. .\|v,, hntfCT calf »«-. 

Practically pure guernoEv or HOLsrciN 

■illr\ l;ihi.<. ; »,■, l,s olil. Sjn iVI ficll. <T.TT,.d fnr 

Vmiii. lit L. SHIPWAY, Whitrwator, WiM. 


fE6, GUERNSEY BULLS- -rMrllnn ttrwtrm 

l'«' "'"" •■'<l'. May ItnK .>itnilii 


FOR SALE- Hill l-im- l>r.-U ll»l-i. .i!<. Ir-j 
li.'l l.ii: "..«». h'if.r« ami iiiiUi.. 1. C. 
fropr.. Saot Farm. Tally. N. Y. 

>h spriii.', TH 

kBER0tEN.AN0U8--Th« itrnui b-cr brwd. 3<in Ih 
|shi.i „f ,1.1,. -t t>ri',v!ih!. J'H I'.l c.Kli with rvUnatirm 
|»I»T,. J. S. Mor,.. L vann;i on Caynta. N. Y. 



we<4u nid 

Registered o. i. c. and cttctTER white pigs 
E. p. rogcrb. 

N. V. 

tLMWnnnv^JJ}'^- «"*TURE 9TBCK PIGS. 
ELMWOOO FARMS. P. 0. Bn 15. Braitlirtl. N V 


■i»i,iii'.'L'"'i'' »in"'i" hl.-otltm-. 
.loudland Farm. KrnniTtt 

P«MY CLBua. 

inality Durocs 2i;il!" ,»''^' "'*' "■ ••" "rt"* 

. - -.•'..?"!•'"'» !Im™,..| im aiinmrai. 

Tarm. Nummolttown, Pa. 

C. 8AUFLEVrF"a,^ij7l, "" •"''"^• 

yZl "55"^£"" tiRKSHiirr avw n«n 3 t., 



|W. F. 


a aa Xiudnh Sheoherd Poo 

^ennspitHmia Farmer 

:herry hill chicks 

if" ill 'Uil 

|\!iu ind Br. Ledum. S3.2S M.3S «.« 

.rr.'l Itucfcs 2.)t 4.7S ».«i 

1 i:«lj „ ZJi L» ia.du 

ilixi-i 2» ITS 74» 

Itmiic irfeeonoo. 100';^ lii- aiTn»l i^uai-aai "ed. Parrf! 
'M.,1 itrepaid. Order duia-i tf-'U tliii ad. «ir wtim 
r .iiicial priow ou .'ml aad I iHHi lou. Ow iy HiH 
oultry Farm, W«. MACE, MrA^Miralitr. Pa. 

rou'eiMiiil PtaasylTUtia mt the Na- 
tkmal Dairy Show t* tte hald at In- 
dianapolis ill October. A silver med- 
al was awarded Thomas Reber, Glen 
Moore, who stixxi third. The medals 
were contributed by tlie National 
Baalc of Chester Valley, Coatesville. 

A well-grown dlx-moDth-old Jer- 
sey bull calf, exhibited by H. O. and 
C. L. Twaddell. We.ittowa. won the 
■blue ribbon in a •■» o( thn^ and 
the same exhibit. ir^ won first place, 
amoas five entries, with a breeder'.^ 
yotmg hertL Brandywine Jersey 
Farm, Pocopson. r>ik second in this 

After lunnh talicd were given by 
M. D. Mtinii, prfsident of rh*^ Amer- 
ican .lersey Cattle Club, anl C, I. 
Cohoe. of fTi^' Pliilad^lphl;i Dairy 
rouTiriJ. Th" Dairy Council alao 
i'howed motion pictures. — A. L. B. 

ladies. A. I. Yingling, Parker's Land- 
ing, stood highest among the men. 
R. P. Wallter. of Foxburg, was sec- 
ond high man. Roland Adams, of 
Emleiiton. scon-d highest in the boys' 
and girls' — A. A. B. 

Holstein Champion 

AMBaiiCA'S hlgheBt pro.lucing 
Holstein cow for te« months' 
production of both inilli and iMmer- 
fat aa two minings a day id Flsh- 
klll Dichter Colantha Inlta. In the 
herd of H. Morgenthau. Jr., at Hope- 
well Junction, X»w Yorlc. this youn^ 
cow qualified for her champiomship 
record of 15.4.S6.8 pouii^ milic an.i 
543.38 poandis but :»'rfat. «|uival»»nt 
to 879.2 pound.-? liutter. by ?'vine 
birth recently to a living calf car- 
ried 235 days of the test perto-l. ac- 

Our K«a<iMrs' CUssifMd 
Advertising Department 

A mttlat piaoe to laur or aeu at lUtia expenaa, 
O'wM.daB rana ramlllaa raad Pamuvlranl* 
Farmer orciy «>«k. B*C« S ceiin a wmU caaN 
for one, two or threo oonii«cutiv(f woekty Inaw 
tioii::: S aaata a word i^acb to* fow nr laan 
inwrtiuu^ Cou nt aacli numtkr anU Initial aad 
^in oaali wUA ocdar. Ordera. diHiiiutlnuaaaeo or 
''"^ y ** *■" ■■oat rracH as b> V\'e<ki«aday of 
"«» vraaadtns *!« of laaiaa. All Kliertiavaiaala 
.sot In uniform style, no ittaplay ti u* or Uluaa^ 
•l.iiirt. Poultry idicrUiiinn may nin hero. Iwt If 
dinulayed or lllD<<tr«tion!i uaed run lo dl^ 
play advertlatnu i.ilunina at otiiniuirrial advar- 
tinlni: rata (SS (-ciitu per anto Until. Utcstock 
adrettlslng not aci-ti.ted lo tlila du pn rtmeot. 
Minimum. Tea Word*. 

StnJ alt ordcn to 

Pennsylvania Farmer 

261 S. Third St.. Philadelphia 


BAQY CHICKS -i.l. i5ii. iuo |.,i.,. n.„u. 13 2S It. 
*:j : itii-ics, j:j. r,.:,0. i\a. w l..-ji.iiii.,. *■.;.?.•■,. E 

i^\-''*.V^-.?^'"l- *■-'»• ♦•'•'• f: l-ii^^lit Mlaad, 
«. .11. u. «7 Fro-; raBi|«. liii)% ii ,. acnral 

w. n 

anit-.d. CUoular frua. 
»•! a. Pa. 


A. Uui»Mk Ml 

al uuar- 


cordiiiff to the advanced registry d<, 

Bucks Guern.St'vMeetinC' payment of the HoUstein-Frieslaa 
J " A.-isociation of Aiii.r'ca. 

THE Buolcs County Guernsey — — _ 

Breeders' A.ssociation wil hold its 
annual Field Day exerci.sts at Win. 
H. Moon's farm, dairy dep.irtment. 
near Morrisville, Pa., on Saturday, 
August Ist. 

The program will open at ten 
o'clock stanilard time with a Judg- 
ing contest. .\I1 boys and girls in 
Huclts and Montgomery Counties. 
Peiina., and M' rc»M- County. N. J,, 
eighteen y^-ar.s oi ago and under, are 
••lleible to enter the contest. 

At noon th" MaJteliild Mothers' Club 
will have refre.-ihments for sale to 
those who do not care to bring their 
own baski^ts. In the afternoon ad- 
dresses will hi' di'llv^-re.! by Karl B. 
Mufleer. Secretary of the American 
Guernsey Cattle Club, and Dr. 
Charles B. North, of New York City. 
— K. 

Coniucted by W, C. Fair. V, 8, 

AJtice tnru lhl> ilepafin^-nt Ij rre« t4 our 
Mibsirtlicrr,. Ej ii r..iiiiiiuiiica;ion ih'iulj Kat 
olatun and sj-uiptonu of tliv cana In (ml- aim 
tlio name ..nd auUr,--, of nrtir InltUli onl' 
*"j, l» pul.llstied. We an ,■■ make r.'piv In 
mall, niii i» cue of Ihi- jii..,t valuahle cniimuH 
of the iMipcr and ira inrlta readeri to malts use 
of It Cllppliut from tlili rolrnnn. »hin prop- 
erly«Tie.l and i-laasmod. mako ono of tli- 
most laluahio medical srmpoilumi a farmer- 
rtoritnun can obtain. 

aUALITY CHICKS-r^,ti,oi.l. i...« U.horin. laro 
a^snif-rt 19. 11 .-Uv 11,.,!,. Aii.-..,u,. Jio orp.. Wj-n. 

MlMouri Poultry Faria, Ca4.mbia, Ml,„ur" "^^ 

plllCKS ;•; up. I.' o. I), no.-.,. It,.a>. L«,n^iriu and 
.M.^i^d. JOth mr lOi)"!, delivrs- wTia*ant*dd. Pmb- 
l"'*'- C. M. Lau«ar. Box 43. McAlinaniHo. Pa. 

LEGHORN PULLETS Mr .yil.. Vf< r.irirt, hAMiy 
<^A mil tni-i..- HO,:!;,. llei*..iial,|,.. Fairtleid ~ 
Farm, FairHeld, N. I, 

PULLETS— ll.,,.T,l 1(1 



Ill •!■■ L.lilir -1. 10 „„ 
Raatialin. A«««r^ Pa. 

8. C, WH ITS LKOnOKNS, bat>y ch!** I8a Nww 
Auker, Liverpool. Pa. n—^ 


FREE TRIP TO CALIFORNIA-Goi ttiriv* «md I». 
M-.ii-.l>lr nnnei, M »,, ,,,;ii •oil t.) in<|.-f t'allfnmte 
•lal.'ir'Prorcd Ijnds Opp-ir-'iniiy fir nnH iruod 
In ■"ii'-li comnmnitv t.> join iurti-^t i.ind 
nation Ul C. S Write for d.ta.Li 
1197 Tranaportation BIdg.. Cliicaao 

>\'.ni orsaa- 
Herman Jaaai^ 

Outstanding: Producer 

ANOTHER outstanding producer. 
Victor's Eminent Falr.\, a senior 
tour-vear-old ,I'isey row that has 
completed h- r second official teat 
with a ,spl»'ndid r-rord, ha.s ht-en de- 
veloped by W L Glatf.-lter, of Spring 
Orovi^ Pa 

Startinff at four years and nine 
months of ag» sh** yieldf-d 743.12 
pounds of fat and 13,91« pounds of 
milk in 3fi5 "lavs. She produced well 
over fifty pounds of fa* in every 
month of th year and h«'r milk av- 
eraged 5..'?4 per cent fat. When shf? 
was te.sted as a junior thref-year-oM 
she produced 537. 6S pounds of fat 
in 365 days. 

Her Parentage 

This provn producer is a daugh- 
ter of Lady Lilly's Victor 2d, that is 
by Lady L.Mty's Victor, anil uit of 
tlie 700-pound cow. Lady L-^'ty of 

The dam of Victor's Eminent 
Fairy is the Register of .Merit cow 
Bminint's Fiiry R.. that is by Lady 
Letty's Bniini'nt. a .sire that has thtr- 
tA-eig'if d.Hight»TS and two sons in 
the Reslster of Merit. 

Clarion Guem.sey Day 

rei'ders with their fantilies aa- 




Bnr..a friim taa «> twmtT- 


r'iiii',l>K for «l.i. Piirvhrpd. Karm 
rannl WTIl siup fui irprmal. 


^nr.'JSr^i.!?. COLt'e l^UPS^Tfc. Bandaom. «,d la- 

*nm City. P^ 

^^'^^^ ^&i: 

f^"'^,?"," S,?'-'-'^ PUP»- Re.„.tK,„. ,„,Hn«»t 

T-Lll^/*'^'' Pliimmer MrCutlou«h. Mercer. Pa. 

|*''E*T DANE PUPPIES for a 
IF'"'! ril.„.rt PAUL lIaMAH 

■. Purebred stor*. 
Bird in HaM. 


iort niiKtrmtnl rlnnilar 

*-iowao«k Kcnaela. CliamlMrtbaf«, Pa 

sembled at the of H C. Craig, 
Cuilsville on June 2:1. for their an- 
uuai m»'fii:i^ aii<i picnii;. The er«nt 
was a re^il »ucc.\s. the day being ideal 
and the att-nd:ince exceeding two 

One of iht: iiiost constructive 
pieces of improved dairy cattle breed- 
ing in the state is being conducted 
by the Oo«rnfl*y breeders in Clarion 
County. Five . utstanding Guernsey 
bulls head as many blocks in the 
Onemsey Bull Asstviatlon Tw-*nty- 
fonr Guernsey i»r-eJers are included, 
having a total of 175 csjws. The 

One of th« interesting featores of 
tke tlay was a farmers' Judging tjon- 
test ,nnd a hoys' and .^irlrf* judging 
contest. Mrs. V. B. Ashbaugb. '>f 
Bmlenton. scored hisheKt among the 

HEAV'ES. — Our si.x-year-old mare 
has been troubled with heaves for the 
past four months. Her nostrils stand 
open, her flanks .seem to pull in and 
out. she has trouble to force the air 
out of her lungs. I have Riven her 
different heave remedies but she 
does not improve Kindly me 
what to do for her. — E. 6. S.. Gillett, 
Pa. Feed her corn, or oats and bran; 
also grass instead of dry fodder. If 
you feed her oats and bran, adl two 
ounces of Carron oil to each feeil: 
if you feed only corn and, give 
her three drams of Fowler's .solution 
at dose in drinking water three times 
a day. If you feed hay, wet it with 
lime water. 

RINOBONE. — 'For the past three 
years we have been readers of Penn- 
sylvania Farmer and find much use- 
ful information in the veterinary col- 
umn. Would like to know what oan 
be done for horse that has ringbone 
on hind leg. hunch very near the hoof, 
causing severe lameness. — J. M.. Har- 
mersville, N. ,1. He will tr.ive] less 
lame If a high-heeled shoe he applied 
to foot. Have your v- terinarian fir" 
him. if not, clip off hair and apply 
on" part red iodide of mercury and 
four parts lari) This ointment 
should be well rubhe.l in: then tie 
his head so fhit lie cannot reach hind 
leg to bite the blistered parts. This 
medifine shoiil.l be applied once 
every tea days. 

SWIXB HAVE WORM.-5 — Kinily 

advise nie ^*hat to dn for lioiis that 
have worms. I have been feeding a 
mixture of bran, shpped stuff, hom- 
iny, and taii!<ap'- 'hree times a day. 
— H. L., Quarryvilli', Pa, In selerf- 
ing a medicinal trentnietit for swine 
which have worm-i it should be a 
drug or drugs which will kill the 
parasites and not harm the hog. 
Fast the hog for twenty. four hours, 
then give six grains of santon'n, 
thirty grains of fii'sh ground areca 
nut. ont» grain of calomel, and one 
(Irani of hakiDir Mnia. m some soil 
feed. This Is a proper dorie for a hog 
weighing lO** p.iund«. The quantity 
can be increased or decreased ac- 
eord'ng to weight of bog. If you et- 
pAct to treat several hogs at on< 5. 
their medicine should Ih? mixed thor- 
oly with the fe»:'d and the fool 
spread out so that each hog may get 
his share of medicine. One dose 
every three or four weeks is plenty. 
Why don't you prevent your h.igs 
from getting wormy? This can be 
done by gathering their droppings 
and adding plenty of lime. 

ROOFING- Ri-mnanti. 5.-iio.-tli aurfai-e I p|. aa.- 
S pir. 11.05. 3 ply. 11.35 per roll. Buftalo HoMi 
Wrecking a Salvagt Ca.. 477 Waldea Ane.. BMatZ 

*am with twndle tunij alUclmi'nt. Kr« cataloa 
ahowitiu- pictur-, „t har -^i.t Box 5J1I, Saiina. Kaaa. 

WANTED — s....i.rii I'arri'i'i. m "wwi i 
aouUi-. ..;.< j.Ha.Hs, .ir irdl ,,a> 
prUv*. Box 204. Peii<i<y(e-Ria Fjrin"i 


l«4ll I 

POSITION WANTED b> ,-»,„rl«i -.^i „„„ai ,arm 
hi.iid. i^Djttp .\^,. io ,\ddr-», Boa tS. Pmimi.I. 
«ani.i Farmer. P)ifladelphj,i. 

WILL BUY liHirjT:i..o'. I...n<iu. i*<»rt.u«'.at« at 1m. 
'leSie.lii., w Box 61. Ctiemiiaa. N. Y. 


C;ABBAne. Cmliiloirsr. Toinjt,.. I!ris«-;i. SpriuM and 
1 ilrrr liaat.: .^.imo.nii.i rati'uj,. pl.uus iltead \.«ri 
!i:.n|..h Ballhwl i-..i«ili*,,.„ .Mark t. Enkl.iHwa 
■lion-. All HeaU Barii Stir ,-,s|rin. WnKideli] Kuti 
■«'iiojn..r, Karly a:iil Laie Uui H. .•iiu.'IiHAil. Sai • 
' r. Ked llnnlah and Ited I!.m i, All n>-n>ored '• law 
1100 SOO(l-JJ; 300-lii-i LimiMil Tr.'n.ww 
1 '.Ml ni-r<>";(<di Saiii" >tni:ii ai list vnar ») .'o ner 
MOO. .:o»0— 120. Cc)ll-;J.^i1 r.od.iMhi r.niato riaiiM- 
, N-..rie and .^latflilu... Field ur urn plants IO. nar 
I M.iil Tianirlanti-I | ; ijiu fs ...r |"0.l ; OOO (Hill oiS- 
I in pI.iMs 'R»adv .S.i>, 1. Vild-n Self RlauciiUlC 
I Inmh s«il; Ea.i Bloui-luii;. lioiden Heart WIblt 
•lu.en. Olant paM-al ai.d Wljir.- P;un» %i iK.r lOon. 
r"-P»w.i I.-! W p»r 111.1.1 ; Bnu«-1. S|ir:.u»» 
i'laiiis; Urnn Iitand In,;,n»i».L ti -.0 per loiMI Sewi 
lor fr^ list itf all i.;.iiH~ i i-i, mtlt ord.i^. please 
Paul F, Raelnlte. Morriatown. N. i. 

2.0OT.00O CABBAGE PLANT»-Jua». July dellvory. 

SjMi,. ,io k)'. ;;ii»rini-.| t^ ilce'leld. < nt» ii;h;.mi 
Pill Uiii.-li. BnMh.M I Mill prepaid. 100. ».VI.. .100 
11.00: -.00. II r.: 1.11)0. i:.d Eipr..«. loon, ft 50 
Cai'linm-r anil A.itiT. lOii. rnrtt Buv n-.ii Ii,ini9 
urixn. I,l,t frw W. J. Myee*. Ht 2, Ma«Mta*. 

CELERY Pt.ANTS--Wiii'. f-if- o.vj.., Si-\i (,ianl 
Pii-ni. i.,i»v muHiiUu. Uiir • i)ii|...n. jtmnii Diaau 
for Held 11 ii p.t limO: M nni for Jlfl on j. c 
Schmidt, BrlatoL Pa. 

C/IBAOE PLANTS r> 1.1 uh n "mi Head. Orem 
Kill- Bruiwelii s.'„it. •! lo u,., joo- ft 30 nor 
lO'W J. C. lllito:,eM, Wyckott, N. I, 


I '"111 W. W. WHIiame 

ml iiinnto punta. II t(V- 
FrmdiKn, Va 


WAMTCO — Two slii;l. n.-n-.m. iriddln ajr^l to man 
:iae and ronk tor hi"i.» tni.-re <iit,ii»> mi-n %Tr hoiuwt 
"B Canii. PrIvTe aiier^m-n- erltu bed rooint, »Wlti.t 
room and b.iMi. all imii .■iiii>ur>*«,, («miaiM^t linoie 
waot'H jnn no tor .»iou J^o m fur ajKl«taj>t Itt-fen-n—^ 
raiiuin-d. luaulr Laurtt Larlia Fvma. PaWa l aw w . Pa. 



GUARANTEED P»>MT-fH) n J.'ii daily 
Fn*l-iir i'r';.iij. K.K<*Itleti« t^'m'^r. Siii-., 

; " "■ l-ri- •'■■• '•'ill' W.. deling and rolleflt. 

KxpirliTi'v iimi ■—,..-% \. aipi-il ii»-.|«.l \Vnt.i 
I "In Unl*,-rtv Paiol Co.. JOS BiMtiiaaea BMg.. 
I Kantat Ctty. Mo. 

Madge — Waan't there mtme talk of 
Mabel marrjdng a duke? 

Kthel — Ye^, but you see the duVe 
didn't say anything to h*r about ;• 

i-.o> 'nit'-r .11,1 I," .»li ■!- I ir lur.-e M:inuf.i ■•■ii-or 
• to tr.'nrpr .So .mi :'»! or exni>ri«n<w rctni-ifd. 
Manv i-im fimi fr-o-lip and lainua. Mmdiaaii Coraara- 
tlon. 507 Braadway. Maw Vortt. 

WANTED— Smil* in.-n fir ^.1). ral fann wort, wanaw 
LaaM Locka Farmt. Pattatawn, Pu 


NOWESPUN TOBACCO— Ctiewlnj. lit* pounda. tl 50: 

till. ^2'iO; Mivilii .. eii> iniuifls. 11 I": ten. i2M 
pi;«' frif. pav wln-n r-.-'innd. satlffsctlon (nar«ntn<1 
Cn.aarmliva Tatacoo OronMt^ Haxana MHL Kaa- 

HOMESPUN TOBACCO: rhewlim-: i 11».. ft..?.); \n - 
JJ -.0 Hni.ikim;: ' fl'i ; lO— II .Mill: 10- |l M. 
P,»v alifii firon-l. F. Quoton. Bardvell. fHf. 



irrrii«4..i. 1% 

-100 aa** OH rtav hlfflinav Eaa'i'm Mom. 
miin iri.m Keiin.>.lvi-u;... rallniad 
.•hiirrtw aM tlsniil*, "Its mll^s from Boitertnii. 
fTw^iaw-nto Ha V»r '»•-,• lend t*>r farniinn Clo«»l 
ii.ill.luiv'^ ' • "n»i N ..H. rudMi. Hub *rjtm.|. good 
■lr»ln«*i' *r i '"f . «*+ in m n flel) on farm 
E ft. Caoliw.. JSK aiiPaiit BatMlag. Wllatiatton, 

fV^I • ^ D Fine onaai PtnyxM fna. t. 

lielaine Kams :?,"•»?!' ■*• * *"*•• 

20- W 

TennsytVania Farmer 

July 18, l&si 



Limited time cAn,J*^ 
Order nov.. These 
tires gii&rantred bgaiiist 
purHtur«. nm cu*» and 
Ftnni^bruUef. Recondition. 
ed and d ubie-treaded in 
f ur f wn fiift *>■, 

Saws Wood Fast 

(Does the Work of 10 Men- 1 720 Cost) 

This WITTE Faw um-» Kenwimeer GasoIinB 
■nd will cut from 10 to iu cord* oi vr>iod b d«.v. 
Enay to operate and move. New device makes 
Msy vUrtinir in any temperature. Trouble-proof. 
Fella trcea and Bbva them into blfjrVH — mna other 
farm machineo*. Fast money maker and bijr labo» 
ja»er. Only amall amount down. 

yDm^^^ Write today for my new Pre* 

^ » BC ^" "BooV. and Low Ea»y Payment 
Trife^. No oblintion. 

VM4 Wltte BIdff. MmMMCit 

7M4 Eaplr* Bl«a* nt 

Reduce Ford Engine 


■■la, arrewa aad UNa, aid 

thai iakiatf airer tmmih •*■!■ 

thai Weaka craakcaae araMb 

A riiMer tm^mtSmrtrnt 

m^umanfin. atifcaa iraaMb 

^ klfa (■<>• Iraiy fa BmmZ 

^ finm Ihat e»a law ai pmim 

ttal aMkca Mria^ ■ phaiHs, 

$*> CA of vonr Jeakr m or tllntU 

Z.9V 92.75 MW ^ /{.c^ba. 

Pioneer Engine Support 

Dtt faa w a ^i i Cata ar TrMa> Permmnmllif tnpahm 
tnJttn ttmnkcoM orma. Ea$Ufl attmchtd In tua^m 
Mteirfca. NohoUmUdrtIL IM Part*WkiMn St. 
The Brcwcr.TUchsncf C«f^ Cwtland, N. Y. 




Pricea upon rtqutti 


31 S. Queen St. Lancaaler, Pa. 

Make Money Crushin 

Limestone on the Farm^ 

Yoa can eaaily ami quickly pulverhe 
hmevtnnc on the farm. Fill own neniii. 
Sell surploa. Save time, f reiEht. hauliriKl 
AllKisee — tomm-tyooreinctnenlii. Wctill 
DOW tomakc money. Low prirar. CatahMr fnv - 

%. %. SEOIEMV Ca.U7.SI Culiinn Aw. 

Jack Knife and Chain 

Made with brans lining. Stae 
handle. One large blade and one 
Hiuall pen blade. Length when 
rio.sed 3} inches. 

Tall on a few of your neigbborR 
;iihI secure two yearly subsrrtp- 
tlons to Pennsylvania Farmer at 
$1.00 n-AvM. Send us the names 
and iiddrei'i^s together with 
$2.00. the aiununt nollected. and 
we will cend vou one of tbe.'«e 
knives by prepaid parcel pos;t. 

261 So. Third St., Phila., Pa. 

SrJcn $:(>95 F. O. B. Drtroit, lot 
cxfro. FouT-«4'hfcihydf<i«ltrf*rofcej 
opiii'nsi. Body (>.v F><hrr. 

JUL 22 1925 l|| 


Out in Front of 
The Entire Field of Fours 

The new Chrysler Four — produced after 
four years of planning by Walter P. 
Chrysler and his organization — unques' 
tionably delivers more of power, speed, 
fuel mileage and charm of appearance 
than any four in the world today. 

It is worthy cxtmpanion to the revolu* 
tionary Chrysler Six. 

It is made of the same high-duality alloy 

It is as finely, and as efficiently, en- 

It is built to the same close manufactuf' 
ing limits, by the same Chrysler-trained 
craftsmanship, in the same splendidly 
equipped factories. 

In four-cylinder practice and four-cylin- 
der results, it is as far ahead as the 
Chrysler Six is in the six-cylinder field. 

It puts an entirely new interpretation 
on four-cylinder ability and perform' 
ance, on riding ease and perfect road' 
ability, as it does on quality and value. 

It is tht. first car of its price with tlie o(>' 
tion of hydratdic /our^wheel brakes — at 
small extra cost. The beautiful closed 
bodies are by Fisher. 

You are urged to go to the Chrysler 
dealer for a demonstration and the 
complete story of die new Chrysler Four. 

You will learn some anuuing facts — 
the reasons, for instance, why the motor 
delivers 83 per cent more horse-power 
than its official rating; why there u 
practically no sense of vibration; how 
only Chrysler can produce such unpar* 
alleled quality at so low a price. Sec 
the Chrysler Four now. 



IVwrinS Car $895 F. O. B. 
Detroit. (ax rxtro. Tour.vh*d 
ttfdtotJu Itiihci olntonai. 

GtACtmpr *»95 ^ O B. t>r(r^f. ,i 
•aacanra. four uiurt hyJratdU \ 
Hwk.* •l^liuna^ i<<<:> t-j Fuhcr. 

Coach $1045 F. O. B. Dttnt*. 
toa czlTw. F«ur-«iliecl kydrmtUic 
traiiea optional. Hotly try Pithtr. 


M. 92— No. 4 

*rHtjibursh yUtUi BditioD) 


$1 .00 a year 


♦ I 

The Homestead on *'Bacon',s Adventure" Farm- Article on page t 


In this issue: The history of Bacon's Adventure, a New Jersey farm that has been owned 

by one family for 244 years. 


VennsytVania Farmer 

July 26, \n\ 

^ide on 



There is no question 
about the fact that Bal- 
loon Tires add to the 
comfort of motoring. 

But, with Balloons on 
your wheels, you can not 
take a rough road at high 
speed without experienc- 
ing a very uncomfortable 
"jerky" sensation 

—UNLESS your car 
is equipped both with a 
shock absorber AND a 
rebound check'. 

tHASSLERS are both 
'devices in one — and they 
sell at the price of one. 

Don't spoil your expen- 
sive Balloon Tire Equip- 
ment by using the wrong 
type of "shock control" 

You will save money 
by installing Hasslers on 
your car. 






HASSLERS are two 
devices in one — a shock 
absorber PLUS a re- 
bound check. They add 
to the comfort and econ- 
omy of motoring no mat- 
ter what tires you use. 

Nearly two million 
motorists were riding on 
Hasslers BEFORE Bal- 
loon Tires were thought 
of. 1 hey are not the ones 
whose demands caused 
engineers to produce the 
Balloon Tire. 

For it is easy to demon- 
strate that a standard tire 
—plus HASSLERS— 
gives you the Balloon tire 

No matter what tires 
you use on your Ford car 
—HASSLERS will add 
to comfort and subtract 
from upkeep. Ask your 






5157 Liberty Ave.. PITTSBURGH, PA. 

2727 N. Broad St.. PHILADELPHIA. PA. 

1726 N. Charles St., BALTIMORE. MD. 

394 Cernral Ave.. NEWARK. N. J. 

Old Colonial Family Homesteads 

KilitcrM' Note. — A few weekE aeo we 
nskeil for a short history and photos of 
farm homes which have remained in pos- 
setesion of the aanie fumlly for one hun- 
dred years or more. We have been gra ti- 
tled at the large number received. We 
.shall publish theiu under thlB heading 
from week to week until all the accepted 
lines have been printed. There is no sig- 
nificance In the order in which they ap- 
pe.'ir, — that 1b, we do not begin with the 
oldest, the best <>r the first received, but 
simply take them as \s'e pick them up. 

No. 2 — "Bacon's Adventure" 

IN THE spring of the year of 1682, 
Samuel Bacon set sail from Barn- 
stdt)le, Massachusetts, to explore the 
I Atlantic Coast. He sailed as far 
south as New JiMsey and entered the 
Delaware Bay. coming upon the 
mouth of a quiet llttie creelt, since 
known as the Cohansey, from the In- 
dian name, Cobanziclt. He cruised 
along its reache.s, .^nianning the pleas- 
ant meadows on either side, and find- 
ing the lay of the land to his liking, 
lie made a stay of several days, dur- 
ing which time he bought from the 
Inilians four hundred acres of land 
bounded by the Cohansey Creek and 
tlie Delaware Bay. The deed which 
he obtained from the Indians Is la 
existence, and a certified copy of it 
can be produced if desired. 

The Present Buildings 

Tlie four hundred acres were di- 
vided among the sons of Samuel Ba- 
con. The one hundred acres which 
comprised the farm upon which the 
h')miit>*ad was built has remained in 
th>' Bacon family in direct descent to 
\\\-i present time. It i.< being farmed 
now l)y the eighth generation of de- 
.Econd-'nts in continuous line from the 
original settler, making this the two 
hundred and forty-fourth year that 
the land has been in the possession 
of one family. 

The photograph of buildings 
the front page shows the pree«j 
buildings. The colonial farmhoq 
was burned in 1861. The farm to 
Is known ijy the name of "Baco 
Adventure," since it Is the result i 
an early settler's desire to explore 1 
fore he settled upon any defln 
spot in this country. 

Since this farm is in New Jer 
and the contest is beitigr held 
Pennsylvania Parmer. It seems 
ting to quote these lines: 

"Quaker and Dutchman, long 

Hailed thy shores with Immlgra^ 

And still on the old home sites to 
Their children's children aturd 

Glad for the progres-M and leading I 

way. — Esther E. Bacon. 

Editors' Note. — While the at 
history was being prepared "for 
lication the editors found the folloi 
ing In the death notices of a ^b 
delphia dally paper. 

J. Henry Bacon 

Following a long J. Hd 
Bacon, fifty-three years old. of 
one Neck, near Brldgeton. a memll 
of an old New Jersey family, 
yesterday at the Oncologic Hospiij 
this city. He was the seventh genfl 
tlon of his family to spend vlrtud 
an entire life on the Bacons N4 
farm, purchased by his ance.'i 
Samuel Bacon, from the Indiansl 
1682. The original deed to the fi( 
Is eiiil in the family. 

For twenty years he was a 
holder of Cumberland County 
served several terms on the Boardl 
Managers of the County Hospital.] 
was ai»o a trustee of the Oreein 
Presbyterion Church. Bridgeton 
viving him are his wife. Bother. 
three daughters and two brother 

Conference on Potato Diseas( 

PLANT pathologLsts from the east- 
ern states under the leadership 
of Dr. W. H. Martin, New Jersey 
pa'hologist, held a really noteworthy 
co;iference* in Monmouth County, 
New Jersey, late in June. This was an 
outstanding gathering for two rea- 
sons: First, it was the first of its 
kind ever held, and second, a bright- 
er luture is anticipated In the uni- 
loriiiity of certified potato rules and 

The conference opened in the 
Couiiy Extension Office, Freehold. 
The work In the field was begun by 
visiting first the farni of Wm. Clay- 
ton, West Freehold, where one of the 
three seed source variety and scab 
resistant demonstrations for central 
New Jersey is planted. More than 
thlrfy-flre strains and from five to 
seven varieties of potatoes were care- 
fully examined and counted for 
such diseases as rMcoztonia. mosaic, 
leaf roll, yellow dwarf, and spindle 
tuber. After careful notes were made 
by each pathologist, the trip was 

made back to the office where a ( 
ful checking was done and a mij 
interesting dlscu.sslon ensued. 

I A trip was also made to th.- li 
of Frank McDowell. WlckatB 

The evening session was takettl 
with a discussion on such probl4 
as methods of making disease coti 
insuring the honest us«' of the cvt 
cation tags, and the plan of equil 
ing the rules as far as possible in \ 
eastern states. 

The following pathologist.-' r- 
stnting their states or district- 
present: Canada, Dr. H. P. Gua 
Dominion Pathologist; Dr. BouH 
of Prince Edward Island; Dr. 
Leod. of New Brunswick; New Yaj 
Doctors Fernow. Haidenburg. 
Barrus, of Cornell, and Josepii 
ley, of the New York Potato A* 
tlon; Penn-'iylvania. Doctors Mc 
bin and Hartman; Maine, C- 
Newdlck; Vermont. Dr. Gilb 
Michigan. J. W. Wf:?ton: U. S 0.j 
at Wa.«hington. W. M. Peacock. —I 

^^ ^ 

Published Weekly 
Two Yean, $1.50 
Five Years, $3.00 

The Lawrence 

Publishing Company 


92-Vo. 4 


Whole No. 1471 

What Is to Be Our National Drink? 

;cent Developments Promise a Fruit Beverage That Will Comply with the Law 

HISKBY is (or Is eald to be) the national « c tx; ci x^fny-iiiii^r* a 

.ink of Scotland, beer of Germany, vodka of "y ^« "• P LiCj ly^tiSjO. "^ed. and perhaps even where the grapes were 

la, mescal of Mexico, and wine of France, S**ff CMitributor and Adviser *''^°^I!' 

is likely to be the national drink of Amer- which has been sold in open violation of the law , , '' . "*||"« **^ ^^^ i"*ce of different varieties 

Present Indications are that It will be non- of the land. It has been used to desienate an ^ ,fv .u^ ^^ ^° *** practical, tho perhaps not 

"nsavory mixture of apple Juice, worm juice anU ** '^-^ '"°' ^^^'^-^ ""^ refinement. Some varl 
dirt, to which has been added a "preservative," 

Well-known plant pathologists of eastern spates and Canada studnngl 
tato diseases during their conference in Monmouth County. N <• 

^lic. Grape Juice has been nominated. It Is 
Able and refreshing, and has steadily grown 
lor, until now it idbsorbs a very considerable 
B-tlon of the crop in certain eastern districts, 
lularly the Cbatauqua-Erie grape belt. This 
oncord district, and the Concord, apparently, 
; better grape juice than most other standard 
n sorts. 

De great grape Industry of the Pacific Coast. 
1 wafc founded on the manufacture of wine 
Ihe production of raisins, has been deprived 
R of its choice outlets. Varieties of the Euro- 
Iwine grape, vitis vinlfera, which are grown 
Blifornia, do not make good grape Juice; 

I are too rich and sweet. Hence our western 
etitors have been forced to ship their wine 

M to eastern markets as fresh fruit; this com- 
lon is proving to be a constantly Increasing 
Irassment to the eastern producer of table 


he grape juice Industry Is a comparatively 
It development of eastern viticulture, and one 
vill continue to flourish. 

Orape Growing Has Limitations 

lit grape Juice will not be the national drink 
« are very fickle In their climatic and soil 
lations. much more so, even, than the peach. 
Iran be grown In small quantity for home use 
local markets almost everywhere, but their 
lerciai culture In large areas Is restricted to 
Iparatively few districts, mostly where they 
le the tempering Influence of large bodies of 
\ such .as Lake Michigan, Lake Erie. Lake 
i. and the Hudson River. The limitations of 

growing on 
olesale scale, 
luite distinct. 
i> a t i o nal 
of Am«>rlca. 
othfT conn- 
is likely to 
product of 
Irult fhat is 

lllflst « ;lHily 

I I a Ij 1 e. and 

^l)i<;h it i.i.iy- 

odmiri ino.«t 
Py. In Amer- 
|h a f means 
|)plt, not the 

applf Is the 
[of fruits. It 
pwii fommer- 

in f. V ♦- r y 
lln thf T'nion, 

1 of minrir Im. 

nce in Flor- 
I and several 
[states. Apple 
not grape 
*'ill be our 
»al drink. 

|1» does not 
'ider. The 
'ider has 
Into deserv- 

pisfppute. u 

»*red a mul- 

of sins. It 

Deen used to 

aate a highly 


such as bensoate of soda. Sometimes the pre- 
sentatlve preserves, sometimes It does not. In any 
case, the result is likely to be a drink that Is 
flat or sour, and a very poor substitute for the 
real thing. 

The Kind of Apple Juice Tbat'b Good 
People do not like preserved cider and the sale 

etles, like the Baldwin and the York Imperial, 
make Juice of fine body and flavor; other vari- 
eties, like the Ben Davis and the Delicious, make 
juice that is Inferior, and must be blended with 
the juice of other varieties. 

I predict that within twenty-five years pas- 
teurized apple Juice will be our national drink, 
next to pure water, which is best of alL 

t-eopie no not like preserved cider and the sale 

\V-X:Z'',\tl,.fZr^S\X'::,\^rJZ '^"■'^'^ ^"^'"'^^ ^^f""^' Machinery 


apples (not of dirty, wormy windfalls), which 
has been heated, or pasteurized, to prevent fer- 

During the past fifteen years there have been 
many attempts to produce this article in commer- 
cial quantity. Most of them have failed. The 
chief difficulty has been In securing a uniform 

FEW months ago I had a pile of old imple- 
ment parts that had been discarded because 
of broken flanges, stripped cogs, etc. Just before 
consigning them to the junk-man. I happened in 
town, and there noticed an oxy-acetylene welder 
doing repair work on similar stuff. Surmising 
that he could handle my work, I hauled in the 

---_--, — ^ „.,... ... o^v.uiiiiK a uniiorm -""i "^ luuni nanoie my work, I hauled in the 

and dependable product. If the apple Juice is heat- *roken parts and was surprised to get them back 
5_-_.°? ... *"".*"o long, it loses the flavor and a** strong as when new. 

sparkle that makes fresh cider so appetizing. If It 
is not heated enough, fermentation occurs. 

The first prerequisite In the merchandising of 
any product is standardization; the seller must be 
able to guarantee his product to be uniform In 
quality. This could not be done. Recently, h'ow- 
cver, an apparatus h.-is been perfected that seems 
to make this possible, and who are interest- 
ed in this by-product are taking heart. The prob- 
lem Is bound to be solved, and right soon. 

French and German wine makers are skilled 
in the blending of wines. Grape Juice of different 
varieties, grown under different conditions la 
blended in innumerable combinations. A con- 
nolsfiuer can tell, from a sip. what varieties were 

Which One Do You Know ? 



Tmrd row: C. H. iitnthntt. Is eii.rt. of ww ti-Mlnir ai»orl«tloii work In P^hmJ""",'^ * ' 

Cogs were replaced, and the surface filed 
down; castings were brazed, and .several parts 
vere built up with alloy-steel. All Jobs were neat 
and I wa.. able to bring several old implements 
back Into service. The total cost of this work 
was $12.80, and 1 estimated the saving at five 
times that amount, had it fceen necessary to buy 
new parts. 

I now niaki it a point to consult the oxy- 
acetylene man, whenever a repair is needed on 
farm mathlnery; and before anything Is thrown 
away, in most cases he can do the Job promptly 
and have the Implement back in the field wHhln 
n day's time. 

To speed up this service, I arranged with the 

m an. to receive 

my work by parcel 
post, and return 
the repaired part 
in the same way. 
On big Jobs, such 
as repairs on a 
tractor, etc., the 
man has loaded 
hi.M outfit into a 
truck and come 
difci fo thp farm. 
He tells me that 
serviee like this 
could be arranged, 
if the farmers In a 
community would 
pool their repair 
jobs. This is done 
by factory owners, 
construct ion 
gang.s, etc., and 
would nr<»v«' a bir 
saving In rural lo- 
calities, if the 
work was fhoroly 

As to the kinds 
of work don«* by a 
Welder. I have 
watched plow- 
points built up, 
rods straightened, 
twisted frames, 
made good, gears 
replaced, r r a r ka 
weldwl. beams cut, 
tm Wf-ll wm all com- 
mon repair jobs. 
Such Jobs require 
little time.— F. C. 


Entered as second-ciass matter at the post office at Phila.. tt, 
under the act of March 3, 1879. 


MARCO MOKKOW, Vice-Pros. F. H. NANCfi, Secretary 

NEPF LAING, Manager 
K. r. KESTER, Editor 

C. L. WHITE. Associate Editor 
Household Editor 
Staff Contributors and Advisers 
PROF. A. A. BORT.A.ND. Dairyin? 

DR. W. C. FAIR,. V. S., Veterinarian 

DR. S. W. li.ICTCHER, 1 run Crops 
R. G. KIRIIY. Poultry 

DR. J. G. LIPMAN, Soils and Fertiliters 
W. C. PELTON. Garden and Truck Cropa 
PROF. W. EL TOMIIAVE. Beef Cattle, Horses. Sheep. Swine 

GENERAL OFFICE — 261 263 South 3rd Street. Phila, Pa. 

Branch Offices for Advertising only : 

Cleveland, O.— 1011 Oregon Ave. N. Y. City— 120 W. 42nd St. 

Chicago, Illinois, — 608 South Dearhom Street 

Detroit, Michigan, 1632 Lafayette Blvd. 

Five Years, 260 copies, $3.00 Three Year5, 156 copMS, $2.00 
Two Year», 104 " l.SO One Year, S2 '' l.OO 

Remit hy draft, postoffice or express money order or registered 
letter. Address all conununications to, and make all remittancet 
payable to 

The Lawrence Publishing Company, Philadelphia, Pa. 
^^■^^ ■ 


$S cents per agate-line measurement, or $7.70 per inch (14 line* 
per inch), each insertion. No advertisement of less than three 
lines inserted. No deceptive, immoral swindling advertisement! 
inserted at any price. Pennsylvania Farmer advertisers are 
feliaMe. S;>eci.^l rales for livestock ind classified advertising. 
> Ci'mpleie information fumisnnl on request. 

IliBtrae Acrlcultoral Publlsberi Ass'n and Audit Bureau of CimilatlaMl 

Vol. 92, No. 4. Phila., Pa.. July 2S, I92S Whole No. 1471 

OUR JOB Is to aerre our readers. Wbenerer 
you are puzzled write to ub and we will belp 
/ou if ve can. 

Gather the crumbs of happineaa and they wiH make you 
a loaf of contentntent. — Anon. 

A Letter Worth Reading 

THI'HK Jiri' so many nov.-l features in tlie 
letter reprotliK-ed on patre fourteen, this 
i.sHue, that we cheerfully .sliare it with others. 
Since the writer ask.s us to print it w«! are 
violating no coufidt^nees nor can we be hold 
nsponsiblo for any unpleasant reactions that 
:nay follow. The terms "liar" and "fool" 
are not nice word.s hut they no douht help to 
relieve tihe mind of jx-nt up emotion.s, even 
if they do not add any helpful idea to a suh- 
.ieet under discussion. 

Will Keep on Trying 

TllK latest news eoneeruiu<? the Grain 
Markering Company of Chicago is that 
the dire<'tors have voted to continue as a cor- 
poration hut that the property of the hig four 
!.'rain dealing companies will he returned to 
the original owners, presumably because the 
new company cannot the money — ■^\iy.- 
000,(K)0 — to pay for them. Gray Silver, presi- 
ilent of the G. M. Company, indicated that he 
has received verbal assurance that, if the pur- 
chase can be madi^ within tiie next year, the 
•<iwner.s are willing to enter into another agree- 
ment to sell their holdings. 

The Beetle Scourge 

THE clamping down of a tight embargo 
on the territory under quarantine for 
the Japanese beetle for a few days (piickly 
demoralized the Philadelphia market in many 
lines. A large part of tlic produce of this sec- 
tion normally goes to New York, and another 
large part is reshipped by Philadelphia deal- 
ers to smaller cities. When this normal trade 
is interrupted and a surplus is forced upon 
the Phliadelphia territory market prices are 
bound to slump, even to a point below the 
cost of production in many instances. "While 
producers are loyally cooperating in respect- 
liur the quarantine they all to under- 

PennspWania Farmer 

stand that they suffer greater loss in the ag- 
gregate by the efiPeets of the quarantine than 
they do by the ravages of tlu; lieotle. They 
:irc a.sking how long they .shall be subjected 
to this handicap. . Of course, no definite time 
i-an be named, but it would seem that it will 
continue until one of two things occurs: until 
by natural and artiticial means the further de- 
velopment and s[)read of the beetle is unlike- 
ly, or until the distribution of the beetle shall 
have become so widespread that a continu- 
ance of the (piarantnie is useles.s. 

Talk Over Things 

WHEN mi.sunderstandings and differ- 
ences arise it is a good plan to get all 
together and iron out the difficulties. The 
members of the Maryland Dairymen's Asso- 
ciation were not fully .satisfied with the con- 
duct of affairs, especially with the way their 
officers represented them before the city offi- 
cials and also because of the policy of .secrecy. 
One hundred and fifty members of the asso- 
ciation were summoned before the Health De- 
partment for failure to keep their milk at a 
temperature of 60 degrees or less and they 
I'elt their officers might have prevented this 
jiction. There was also complaint made about 
the .salaries paid tiie dairy organization offi- 
cials. But after all questions were threshed 
out and cxpLiincd in a recent meeting, at 
which about 400 dairymen were in attendance, 
a better understanding prevailed and the As- 
sociation is in good shape to continue the work 
it has been doing. A unanimous vote of con- 
fidence was given the 'secretary at the close of 
the meeting. 

Fill the Silos 

THOSE who keep cattle and have silos 
should fill them in spite of the relatively 
high price of corn. Those who do not yet 
have .silos should get them without delay. The 
economy of feeding ensilage to dairy and beef 
cattle is no longer a d«*^l)atable question. Care- 
fully-made experiim nts have proven beyond 
dotibt that a stock feeder can realize as much 
profit from tliree acres of corn made into good 
silage as he can fn>m four acres husked and 
ft^d as meal and stover. 

During the past few years a number of silo 
owners have faih.'d to fill their silos becausi- 
of the higher labor costs, preferring to do the 
work of harvesting tiieir com crop with the 
usual farm help by cutting, husking and 
shredding. It is admitted that no labor is 
saved, but it is sprtmd out over a long period, 
liut even where the obtaining of a large silo- 
filling crew is not practicable ther-- is no long- 
er a legitimate for not filling the silo. 
Small filling machinery is procurable, so that 
tiie woik can be done by the regular farm 
help, or the help of a neighbor or two. More 
and b.-tter silage can be put into a .silo by the 
leisurely method than by the hurried, big- 
crew i)lan. If begun in time the work of fill- 
ing a silo may occupy the time of a.s much as 
two weeks if necessary. 

Referred without Comment 

T TKPKIt. Uilit bcAiUritf We |>iil>liM( uii nliUtrMl 
\j on Home current topic talcen from the col- 
umns of n contemiw»mry paper. It.s pultliratlon 
docs not neoesnarily mean that the sentlment« 
expressed are the sentlmenUi of Pennsylvania 
Farmer. — liklltora. 

Only for the Goose ? 

Secretary Hoover has just come out in a 
speech opposing federal regidation of the 
electrical power industries. The possibilities 
seem to be that the development of electrical 
power on a giant scale will be the outstanding 
feature of .American industrial growth in the 
next generation. Many have urgc^d that the 
power being created is too important a fac- 

July 2«, jy 

tor in American life to be intrusted to priva 
handN. Federal ownership has been sugga 
ed ; failing that, federal regulation seems 
cessary to make certain that this power 
be used mainly to further the interests of ' 
people, and not solely to fill the pocketh 
of the owners. Secretary Hoover takes 
view that this control shoitld be exercid 
only by cities ami states and not by the f^ 
cral government. 

In view of this .statement, what are we| 
think of Secretary Hoover's insistence 
the. farm cooperatives be subjected to fei 
regulation and control? Does the secre 
believe that these organizations, democrat 
ly organized and controlled, compelled 
their nature to do business in the open,j 
more in need of regulation than a few 
and highly centralized cor|>orationsT A 
explanations on this point will be in order | 
next time Secretary Hoover's farm bill mil 
its appearance in Congress. — Wallace's Fa 

Washington Letter 

A concerted drive on the part of several 
ern states is being made to do away witij 
much as possible of the 50-50 federal and i 
government activities. A powerful effort i 
be made when Congress meets not only to j 
vent future division of federal funds am 
the states, but to secure the repeal of 
tion providing appropriations for state aij 
If this movement should succeed it «■« 
cripple our national road building prog 
and the present effwtive campaign to en 
cate bovine tuberculosis. Agricultural 
sion work, research work at the agrieulti 
colleges and experiment stations and 
similar activities woidd be seriously atlV 

TAXES.— It is argued that these halt d^ 
eastern states are i>aying more than 
share of the taxes. But, as one farm or!,'a 
tion leader puts it, they are a part of| 
union. They owe their existence and 
prosperity under present conditions to th«| 
maining forty-two states. If the oppomnlj 
federal aid to the state will analyze tin 
tion they will find that while taxes arc 
♦•red from the large industrial corporatioij 
the East, these industries depend upon 
btates farther west for their raw miiteq 
The same is true of the big railway c<> 
tions. Their taxes are paid largely in tin' 
but their earnings come from hauling l 
that originates in the West and Soutli. 

joint congressional sub-conunittee on 
rates will start hearings in Washington! 
-0 to formulate recommendations for a I 
manent schedule of postal rates. The Natij 
Grange and American Farm Bureau Vf 
tion will be represented at this hearing. 

The increase in parcel post rates is 
ing highly unsatisfactory, not only as a I 
ducer of larger revenues but to the patrol 
the .system, especially the farmers. Tlu'l 
cial handling charge of twenty-five ccntsj 
jiackage is proving to be a hardship to i 
pt^rn of day-old cJiick.H and other perislu 
They say their shipments do not recciv«| 
special handling; if anything the scrvil 
not as good as beft>re the "special hand 
rate became effective. 

— Farmers are cheated out of millions ol\ 
lars annually thru the sale of imported' 
and alfalfa seed which is brought into| 
United States and sold as domestic Amen 
grown seed. A bill intended to correctj 
evil will be before Congress next winter 
provides for a distinctive system of bra* 
or dyeing at the time of the importati* 
the seed that are not generally adapt* 
•ar clinrate and soils. 

26, 198« 

fhe plan proposed in the seed dye- 
bill contemplates the Injection of 
ke brightly colored non-lnjurious 
^id dye, like eosin. Into the center 
jiackagee of foreign seed so that 
entire contents absoi1>s the color 
is permanently marked. Such 
seed could he mixed with native 
and repacked, and yet its dis- 
ttlve color would guarantee the 
|er against its worthlessness. This 
has been in use in Sweden and 
Itralia for years. 

B. — The Japanese beetle is the 
It serious menace to American ag- 
llture. It is more to be dreaded 
. the corn borer, according to B. 
,leid of the American Farm Bur- 
[ Federation, who has been mak- 
|an investigation In the infested 
rict. This pest was first discover- 
.. 1916 in Burlington County, N. 
|»nly one-fourth mile from th» 
where the San Jose scale .flrBt 
its appearance on the Atlantic 

le Japenese heetle Infestation 
continued to spread until it now 
rs nearly 300 square miles In 
[jersey and Pennsylvania, and is 
^ding down Into eastern Mary- 
-E. E. Reynolds. 

Pennsytvania Farmer 


licenses, close to 426.000 licenses 
will have been Issued by the end of 
this month. Pronounced increases tn 
licenses in some of the medium sized 
and populated counties have been re- 
ported, notably where agents of the 
Bureau checked up. 

RAWS CAUSE LOSS.— Exception- 
ally heavy rains in the southern 
central counties have caused some 
fears for the corn crop owing to the 
manner in which fields have been 
washed and the continued wet peri- 
ods have hampered farm work. Lan- 
caster, York and Cumberland valley 
counties have had unusually hard 


Special studies of the rates at which 
farm land in some of the typical ag- 
ricultural counties of the state is as- 
sessed not only for cultivated fields, 
but woodland and buildings has been 
started at several county seats by 
people in state employment to get a 
line upon the way values run and 
taxes are levied. This is part of a 
comprehensive survey of what might 
be termed farm finance and which 
will require over a year. — Hamilton, 

[Harrisburg Letter 

pople connected with the allied 
t»ultural organizations to get 
working basis on which to deal 
the problems of securing elec- 
Ify for the countryside have made 
Itantial progress as the result of 
lies undertaken following the 
nngs of last summer and It is 
ed during the coming winter to 
a plan ready tor discussion with 
festntatlves of the electric inter- 
Two meetings have been held 
Ihe committee of the rural organ- 
Ions with members of the Public 
^loe Commission at which a sys- 
of distributing costs of lines, 
^ice and other details was talked 
The itemization will require 
Iher meetings, but it is believed 
)rc long 8ometh!ng workable in 
(way of bases will be ready. What 
all means is that there will he 
stliod whereby costs of pole lines 
n<if fall so heavily upon the con- 
fTt-. especially the first man to 

Power Board, which was named 
Ihe Governor to continue studies 
^iant Power following the leglp- 
ff session, is moving aloni; with 
fork as well and a new program 
[be devised to bo submitted to the 
[ral assembly of 1927. Details of 
program, which will call for 
lority to organize electric com- 
|es on the same plan as mutual 
Vance and other companies in the 
communities, are due to be 
public next year, 

Jufual complaint is coming to 
llsburg about road contractors 
iPinK up available labor. The 
I however, is there is more work 
|r rnntrart for construction of 
p'ays than ever before and con- 
itfon foremen have to get their 
Iwhere they ran. Contracts call- 
for many miles and for millions 
Jnllars will be let in the next 
111 and bids will be opened until 
I in August. 

ro the figures of the Bureau of 
Tiai Industry, which handles dog 

New Jersey Letter 

AOEm. — The poultry department at 
the Trenton Interstate Fair this year, 
September 28 to October 3, will be 
in charge of Charlee D. Cleveland of 
Eaton town, N. J. Mr. Cleveland is 
one of the active members of the 
New Jersey State Poultry Association 
and a man of national reputation in 
the poultry show field. For a num- 
ber of years he was the general man- 
ager of the Madison Square Garden 
Poultry Show and is a breeder and 
Judge of wide reputation. A number 
of special features are being added 
this season to the poultry show at 
the Trenton Fair and with New Jer- 
sey a continually increasing poultry 
state, the show promises to draw 
large attendance. 


Reports of the New Jersey State 
Treasurer at the close of the fiscal 
year ending June 30 show an actual 
cash balance of $10,302,893, against 
which there were obligations of 
$8,282,043 representing amounts due 
to coiinties for school purposes and 
requlstlon reserves to meet contract 
obligations. The free net balance 
with which the state begins Its now 
fiscal year is thus 12.020.050, which 
is I33C.007 tn excess of the estimate 
made by the state comptroller to the 
Budget Commission last September. 
Newton A. K. Bugfbee. state comp- 
troller, recently stated that he is 
ready to turn over to the Bright In- 
vestigating Committee the fund of 
$10,000 appropriated to meet the ex- 
penses of its work. Altho contrary 
to a strict interpretation of a ruling 
by the attorney general, the comp- 
troller states that it is in accord with 
public demand. 

Jersey State Highway Commission 
recently published the 1925 edition 
of its New Jersey road map. The 
names of additional municipalities 
have been included and paved roads 
in counties and townslilps as well as 
state roads have been clearly desig- 
nated. Residents of the state are en- 
titled to a f<ree ropy of the map by 
writing to the Secretary of the State 
Highway Commission at Trenton. 
— B. 

»unty News and Comment 

»lr»Bff Coaaty, F»__8inre our June 
l^n 7u, """s""' weather has prevaH- 
..u.. "e<=*'on- Severe electrical 
with heavy raln« nnrt hiKh temper- 
»■„,.,''.*'*.*'' ''•«iuent. Corn, .^lfho 
Ct„ '..*' •"*■ *'^*" ''*d'y washed, 
nmense heat and abundance of molst- 
ks wil**" favorable to blight tn po- 

V-iiiv f '■ .**"" "" ">« ground and 
rAL„*?' ?^°'"' '" s*'"'*'^- Ky^ a full 
nrlv r* *'i •'*'' harvested and Oiat 
hav I, ^^ condHlon while the later 
rt.» r*i. ." ''«"n"««<l by rain. The 
rk«M« c'over mendowH making a 
»ttle »,'*'i°'"* *nrowth. Pastures good 
Innanv »v'" 1°^ '^"h- altho Ales are 

frnm iiii? .heavy ralna. Heavy 
from lightning In farm builMifB 

and In Ftcrk. A larper than usual mreage 
will be seeded to alfalfa In early Auiirust. 
Prices .TR followK: wheat, 11.50; rye, $1.25; 
buckwheat. $1.2.^; oatii. 60c; potatoes, old, 
II ; strnwbcrric!", 25c qt. ; cherries. 10c qt ; 
good butter. 40«i42r; efsgB, 30c. Not much 
call for poultry and prices nominal; no 
cattle or hogs for sale. Health of com- 
munity pood. Brickyards and plate glass 
plants operating on full time, mines and 
other Industrial pl.Tnt.<i running on about 
a fifty per rent b.-islR. — \V. JI. P., July 10. 

Blair Coasty, Ps.— Haying In progress 
at present and a fair crop reported. No 
wheat cut yet but probably will be next 
week. Com and oats growing nicely 
now. The early part of Juno was very 
dry and retarded their growth beside* 
^Continued on page 13) 

Universal 24% Dairy Feed 

Empire ZOfo Dairy 

Amco 329^0 Supplemient 

Ansco Pasture Rations; Pitting Rations; Starting, Growing and 
E^ Mashes; Chiclicn Feedt and Scratch Grains— the genuine 
Open Formula Pee<l.s, originated and recommended by the Coil^c 
feed Conference Board, and now sold 


from the world's largest feed mill through its own Car Door 

American Milling Company was first of all to malce Open Form- 
ula College Feed Conference Hoard upprove<l Feeds but sold these 
through indirect channels. 

This year lliis mill sells-DlRECT to you-ihe original feeds, 
made in the same mill but now under our own trade names— a 
more ecor.omical selling; pian tlian ever l>efure. 

liefore you contract for any feet! write us for tiie name at oui 
nearest Car Door Agent and 1925-26 Feed Pool facts. 


714 Mechanics Trust Bldg. 

Main Office 

Universal Empire 






per R.r. with 


THE R 211 Blizzard, with Paddle Roll Self- 
Feed, is a moderate priced outfit tliat 
giTea6to9tonaperhourcapacltT. R-133, a 
aofliewhat larger outfit, gives 8 to 12 tons ca- 
pacity. These modelH give wonderfulsatisfaC' 
tion— low upl<ecp— turn out fine-cut ensilage. 

Altoff^th^r th#Tv w iU mcKtflii, srivmir mnffv of 
IS to)8H. P and carttcitT of 4 to 35 tona per hoar. 
CRT THK \ys> BLIZZARD BOOK and p«Mt your- 

M on aup«rior featuraa of Blinard. 

free DOOKieX Ca«t«ni. 4 aiiM for hand am) 
power operation. Give caparitiaa of I6C0 to MOO 
poundi per hour. They're belna widely nacd l>7 
poultry men. Cut feed inrraaaaa •■■ prodiK6on. 
nU JOS. DKK HFC. CO..Bmi.i*. tmnam, a 

S knk m •f CitUtrm mnJ repair aarto 
mi tmrnwrnmitrnt <«■«■<■■ I fa# re««4a 

If you have a silo— and a light traetor, or 
other power— you are lure to buy an en- 
ailagr cutter aomc day Your tilo muif be 
filled each year— why pay aomeonr elae to 
do it? Your trartor itandt idle for days 
when it might as well be working for you— 
runnint a tilofillrr. 

Why put off getting a Rowell Knailage 
Cutter^ Why not have it this year? Ute 
"for filling your own tilo. and make money 
filling your nriEht>onl> And when you have 
your own outfit, you can cut your com 
when it ta juat right— get better lilage. 

Mail the coupon for full information about 
Rowell Cutters (cylinder and flywheel 
types), and free copy 
of "Government Index 
of Valuat>le Silage Bul- 
letin!' . 

Emtimn DtBtrliulor: 


Unadilla. N. Y. 

F'«^''««^o''ll«»<lon. atDd tat your Roiraii 

Nana ^ 




T^el.B.RoWELI. Co. 

\ts L^inciun Ave. 



tS^^li^Ka Friday. Aaomt 7. lt2S, at 14)0 s'tlrek 

,^1 '"n,i"/'„'';iLi"'""'.'*"*'%,4if' ''•''' I*™** •» bepmducen. One 31-Ib cow with a 1210 lb jr 
S^l TT.!. „,T^^.:U V'"- '"*; \""'*>'^ 27 lb. cm A nirniNr of fr^h now,. ob.'™%oon I.. 
(Ir*'"V,w'* ' ." . l? £5"^ fL'C". ""• "' • 31 lb. 1">ii with a S0% d»^ r«-r.ttl of 1027 Iba buitir iad ii «4i 
Ihs. n.llk MKl ,lrrd by a 1281 aon of K. P. O P Kf«-«it olran frdrral fe«t. "' "''" 

UtBHl fMrantMi aad ratett privil««« 

OHIO H0LST6IW AWOCIATIOM 11,,., |. D. Hidley. Field Sec'y. 11X09 Euclid A«mue. et«MtU«. 0. 

Mention Pennsylvania Farmer Wben Writing Advertisers 





TennsytVania Farmer 

July 25, 


2S. 1925 


■ t 

I; 1 

It Bays 



Money in the bank earns 
3 to 4%; money in a Papec 
earns 30 to 40%, often more. 
It saves the cost of a hired 
outfit. It makes urmecessary 
any expensive hired help. 
You can take your time 
and fill the silo with your 
own help or change with a 
neighbor. Your silo will 
settle as you fill, so that 
you can enter the feeding 
season with a full silo. 


*TIm CuM*r Thai Omi Not Ck^' 

No need to ask the women 
folks to cook for a big gang. 
Give them a rest this year and 
know the satisfaction of filling 
your own silo with your own 
outfit. Your cows will appreci- 
ate the new plan too, biecause 
the silage will be of a better 
auality. It makes a lot of dif- 
ference when the com is cut and 
how it is cu». With your own 
Papec, you can do the job when 
the com i& at its best and you 
can cut the corn clean, into even 
lengths that will settle closely. 

Fill out and mail the coupon. 
Let us quote you prices on a 
Papec and send you name of 
nearest dealer. Terms can be 
arranged to your satisfaction. 


178 Main Street Shortiviltc, N. Y. 





Ortt SO Dtttribulint 


inibaSl.. SbertsTilW.N.T. 

Gentlemen : — I have silo of 

„ton»capaciry. Imay 

buy an Ensilage Cutter this 
year. Please aend Papec 
Catalog, pncea and name of 
nearest dealer. 

N*me . 


PoitOfftt . 

firows and Blows - Saves One Man 








ronnirucUonlOf xstNfnrtlnn. quality 
forBer\ U-t, (loftr frurnr* with dof>r« 
lh;it cuti 111)1 iwell lii!<l Cii.«ti nr 
n)ni)thl> px^nicntH. Speilel prlcr« 
now I rpc ( uinlon Openlnc Roofs 
{"V ;i full f^lto Htttloiit rt'Iillihc 



(Iw P.) 10 s. inh St.. Pmij.. p 


Mr. O. A, Looney, Walnut 
Orove, Mo. wrilca; I con lee 
that the atanrhiona wilt pay for 
themtelve* We are getting 
over 4 gallons of milk per day 
more from IS Jertey rows than 
we did the cil<) way. 

Figure this increaae on your 
herd and aend for booklet 


Bos P. ForaaUllU, Conn. 


Neshaminy Gardens 

IVhtrt an EdUor Work* and Think* 


THE story of Jack and the Bean 
Slalk Ls being almost paralleled 
in the corn fields this summer. I be- 
lieve I never have seen corn grow 
80 fast as it has during July. In fact 
everything is making an almost 
equally rapid growth. This is one of 
the things I thought about the other 
day while helping set celery plants. 
Then the query arose, why this phe- 
nomenal growth? It is easily ex- 
plained. Ill ihe first place the high 
soil temperature caused by the long, 
hoi dry weeks made available a lot 
of nitrogen. Secondly, the dryness of 
thi-. top soil cau-sed plants to develop 
a large root system which they sent 
deep in search of moisture. Thirdly, 
when rains came and made soluble 
the nitrogen the plants were prepar- 
ed to use it ill large amounts, and 
nitrogen is what makes the stalk, 
stem and leaf of plants. 

4 ♦ ♦ 

TWO weeks ago mention was made 
in this column of the methods melon 
grrowers in the Imperial Valley were 
using to advertise their melons to 
New Yorkers. Thus far the state- 
ment was correct but I made the mis- 
take of locating the Imperial Valley 
in Colorado. A correspondent objects 
to that, probably fearing that the 
people of California would not like 
having their far-famed valley lifted 
bodily out of the Golden Gale state 
and moved a thousand miles to a 
state already made famous by the 
Rocky Ford melons. All right, the 
Imperial Valley shall be returned 
promptly to California. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

I DO not remember that in boyhood 
days we ever used beets In any way 
except as pickles and to color hard- 
boiled eggs for picnics. It required 
only a few beets (red beet.<( in many 
sections of Pennsylvania) to supply 
the average family. In recent years 
the demand has grown extensively 
because they are now used as a vege- 
table and are consumed in large 
quantities without vinegar. Wheth- 
er this Ih due to the delicious quali- 
ties of young tender beets when boil- 
ed or to the modern knowledge of 
their food value I do hot know. At 
any rate, our greatest sales to date at 
Neshaminy Gardens have been of 

beets, thanks to the water applied 
during the long dry spell. 

* * * 

WORD was brought from several 
sources that whole fields of fine 
growing potatoes had suddenly gone 
bad and tops turned brown and dried 
up. It was impossible to name the 
cause without more definite informa- 
tion. But the other evening when I 
heard that what had been considered 
the best looking field of potatoes in 
our neighborhood had gone that way 
I drove out to see it. It was a dis- 
couraging sight. The tops were dead 
but not from maturity as no pota- 
toes were to toe found in the ground. 
Examination discovered the stalks 
contained borers. I pulled up many 
stalks and upon slitting them end- 
ways from one to three borers were 
found in every stalk. One will find 
an occasional stalk containing borers 
in almost any field every year, but 
never before have I seen such whole- 
sale infestation. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

THERE Is no way of stopping the 
ravages of the slalk borer when they 
begin. The moth deposits her egg 
in the stalk and after the larva 
hatches It eats its way Into the cen- 
ter and feeds, up and down, on the 
pith. As the larva ('borer) winters 
In the dead stalk and emerges next 
year In the form of a moth to lay 
more eggs the only remedy is to gath- 
er up all stalks and burn them. This 
should include Ihe weeds around the 
fence rows as well. The field men- 
tioned above Is the only one I have 
examined hut I have heard of sev- 
eral others which present a similar 
appearance. I should be glad to hear 
from those whose fields are thus af- 
flicted to learn how widespread the 
peat is this year. 

♦ ♦ « 

THE green cabbage worm Is un- 
usually pestiferous this year. The 
fine weather allows the active and 
ambitious moth to be on the go 
about all the time and the high tem- 
peratures hatch the eggs quickly. 
The worms are flot hard to control 
but you have to be everlastingly at 
It. Our plants have been dusted four 
limes already. We mix hydrated lime 
and arsenate of lead (powder) In the 
proportions of five to one and a slight 
application when the leaves are damp 
does the business. We have cut some 
early cabbage and it is of excellent 
quality. A small planting of Golden 
Acre shows that variety equal In 
every respect to Early Jersey Wake- 
fleld.— R. P. K., July 13. 




The Little Pig 

PTO is a nuisance." wald Neigh- 
bor O'Day. "He roots in my gar- 



den and tramps in my hay! He breaks 
from his p«»n when we all are In town, 
then niak"s for my lettuce and tramples 
It down! Wlien efforts to get at the fod- 
der are foiled he squeals like a bearing 
that hasn't been oiled! He wallows In 
aiiiii lo llitt polnl ol ulo ctjin; lie's iaty 
by nature and greedy as sin! A sense of 
proportion he never obtains; he'.^ lack- 
ing In ethics and wanting In brains. 
"My cow, and my sheep, and my dog, and my horse, show signs of in- 
telligence, ethics, and force; show sltjns of affection, they're cleanly and 
sane, and seldom break into my garden and grain; they never tramp ruth- 
lessly over my hay nor raise the old Harrj' when I am away!" 

"A pig Is a nuisance?" I answered. "Not he! Not when he Is handled 
as porkers should be! You know In advance that he's apt to break out. 
so build your hog fences enduring and stout; Jon't leave faulty places then 
pnimble becaui^e the pigs has complied with his natural laws! 

"A pig i.s^n't squealy but quiet and good when you serve up his food 
in the way that you should! A pig Is a nuisance? Why listen, my man! 
V porker doe.q all for his boss that he can; he lives on your bounty not 
more than a year, a fraction as long as the average steer, and dying he 
gives yon his all and his be,^t, he deeds you all things that he ever posess- 
ed!"— T B.lw. Tufft. 

TIm Improved 


Harrow and 
Roller is flezili 

It will follow the contour of the grou 
harrows androUsinoneop^ation.sav 
time and labor. Draft is no beav 
than the ordinary harrow. 

Sold on 30 days free Tri^ 

If r/<e Jor detailed InformcHon and prict 

A.M.DELLINGER, "ili'c.''.V.r,« 

NOW! New Low Engine Pnc 



kmeBthfocafawmoDths ' 
■-aanrtoownthefamaaa | 
rtandard WITTE En- 
Kin*. Ums KeroMDCi, I 
GaaeliM, DIatiltota ar 

Gaa. E^pped with eelefantad TrotibV.. 
WICO MwnetB. SlmplMt Biid eh«>pMt £1 
tntm. MM*4«vl**iiialwaatar«lii(«aM. GMn 

FIEE IM lEW iMd*d'ifMt?i«a Metonr to * 
neilF RAAK NiNKTV BAYS' ran i 
BmlllC BUgil Writa today (or B7 new llli_ 
«ISiiMbook— aentabaohitalyPraa. NoobliciiUoali 


2041 «mta ■■»«!«•, - . . RAM«A« cniA 


FtetT Stanchioos. (OOd M lw«r. Ttreoty Dnd 
Bowls, oli st>la, nod a« mm. FirtaMi or 1 
Ray Racka. new. Younc Stock PaiuIUiu;. A I 
bamm <o any oue in need of eaulpmnit. 
8T0CKDALC FARMS. Hyaicka Brat.. 
Labaaan, Pa, 



WriUfor DtUtnd Prict* In Ctr LeU 
Oscar Smith 9t Son, Albany, N.I 


troai 2 lo 12 aioatht e« tt« 


Hlund Unf»— .NV riiw ritra. Laiuvr^trr Sla 

Stripes. IJotrtrn .•<«x«t. rnnk Kow and Ua 


A a. Dams. Can al.oo nffrr faw fraulea fir 

tlon hanla. Federal Aorndit^-d Herd. Writ.' 

Ut-iM^niitluit Slid t*ii(^*t 



will reduce inflamed, awo 
Joints. Sprains, Bruises, 
iBuncbes; Heals Boils. 

infected aores qu 
as it u a positive antin 
and germicide. Plcui 
a*e: doca not blister or i 
tbe hair, and yoacan worktMlj 
t2.fOpcr bonlc. ttiintti. 
Book 7 R free. 
ABSORBINE. JR..itc amtsetintr naimrnt lof ■ 
Hocat PainfuL Swolkn Vtios. Wtiu. Strain.. 
Hops pals aad InAamDiatioa. Price fl.2S per I 
Icalert or delirrred. Will tell yen aera U paa < 
Liberal Trial B^l* for 10c lo Maapa, 
W.F.YOUNG, Inc., 3M Lymaa St.Spiiagfl'll 

Reading Bone Ferfilizil 

Quality Service Satiafacti^ 

High Grade Fertilizer 
Reading Meat Meal, 
Kil-Tone Sprays 

(Tbis trada aait ■aim qualKyl 

RtadlD^ Bon* Pcrtlllttr Co.. Rssdin^ 

A • k roar 

W tilt 

Saalw for, 



B«*<Uac Boaa 

ijk ^f^Sf^/ffJ 

futtliar M 



Farm Account Bool 

don't ftueaa at your income. St>(*| 
keeping a Fann Account. Tben 
will know Just where yon stand 

While the supply laats we will t^t 
nish our pald-np aubscribers ^''''jf 
cloth-bonnd Farm Account Book. i<°'l 
ncient in size for an 8 jreara' t«m»| 
for the nominal sum of 50 ceir" 
Worth tl.50. Send orders to 


261 So. 3rd St., Phlla.. Pa- 



enHon Pennsylvania Fa«i 
when writing to ativertii 

PennstftVania Farmer 


Garden and Truck Crops 

VV. C. PELTON, StsS Contributor and Adviser 

Mauiicer Pomona Gardena, .Vewark. Delaware 

'^eather Hurt Tomatoes 

lUR early tomatoes have been very 
* slow to. ripen this year and the 
lilts have been very small. We 
luld not explain this at first, but 
llieve now, since we have used 
pne of them on the home table, that 
Lperfect pollination of the blossoms 
U been respuniiible for the small 
le, and possibly for the slow de- 
lopment. The fruits have very few 
kds; the flesh is thicker than usual, 
]d the seed cavities small. 
|lt is well known that faulty pol- 
atlon in greenhouse tomatoes 
ds to small .<^'ze and often to poor- 
shaped fruits. These plants of ours 
h« their first blossoms early in 
ly, when we had several frosts. Ice 
pied once or twice on exposed 
^er after thest- plants were in the 
and altho they were covered 
baskets every night, the tem- 
iture, even by day, was not suit- 

for heavy shedding of pollen. 

There has been some complaint, 

that canning tomatoes have a 

Ir crown set. In our own fields 

Ire is a poor set. the first fruits ap- 

krlng too far out on the branches. 

le cause must be different from 

\x which gave slow growth in the 

rly crop, since the weather has 

bn warm ever since plants 

ran to bloom. It, may not do any 

bd now to guess at the cause of 

br .setting this year, but I fn:<pcct 

kt the extremely hot weather of 

^eral weeks ago bad something to 

with it in our case. 

In the southern stales tomatoes 

|en shed their buds and blossoms 

ring very warm weather, especial- 

|when the air is unusually dry. I 

ure that our hot weather, with in- 

Rcient moisture in the soil, has 

much to do with early blossom 

Iddlng. The nmedy? A good dose 

Inanure plowed under will help to 

Id water in the soil, and 1 believe 

|l do something 'toward preventing 

Bsom drop in very warm and dry 

Mh.r. — W. C. P. 

for teams weighing over 3000 pounds 
and one for teams weighing less than 
3000 pounds. Pour prizes are offer- 
ed in each class. $40. $30, $20 and 
$10. There will be no entry fee. This 
will be the first of several horse pull- 
ing contest? to be staged in Pennsyl- 
vania this year. 

The commirtee in charge of ar- 
rangements for the picnic is: j. p 
Keim. chairman, Sunbury; M. H 
Lesher. Lewl.sburg; A. A. Elsenhauer 
Lewiebiirg; Earl G. Winey. Middle- 
burg; Frank Pardee. Milton. — j. K. 

Apple or Cedar Trees? 

O OME of our apple growing friends 
>^J in nclgliboring states, particu- 
larly in Mayland. Virginia and West 
Virginia, have suffered a loss of mil- 
lions of dollars from cedar rust, a 
fungous disease. Only occasionally Is 
it serious in Pennsylvania, mainly 
in the southern counties. This di.s- 
ea.'ie Ilv^s part of its life on the red 
cedar, and part on the apple; t)oth 
trees are necessarj' to its existence. 
The apple leaves turn yellow and the 
trees are defoliated by midsummer, 
so that the fruit does not mature. 

Certain varieties, as the York and 
Rome, are more serioii.sly affected 
than others. Spraying gives slight 
relief; the only effective control is 
to cut down all red cedar trees with- 
in a mile of the orchard. Hundreds 
of thou^'ands of cedar trees have been 
cut down in the Shenandoah Valley, 
and many court actions have result- 
ed. The courts have generally de- 
cided that the compulsory cutting of 
cedars is Justified when they are a 
menace to nelghborine orchards, the 
cedars usually being of far less value 
than the apple trees. 

Apple Orchards a "Menace" 

^irst Pulling Contest 

I HE seventh annual Susquehanna 

Valley Farmers' Picnic will be 

at RolIliiK Green Park on Aug- 

12th. The big event of this pop- 

r gaih( ring of Snyder, Union and 

hhumberland County farmers will 

y horse pulling contest, the first 

pts kind ever held in Pennsyl- 


rhe pulling power of teams will be 
Tirately measured by means of the 
^anometir. a machine Invented by 
■feasor Collins, of the Iowa Experl- 
tit Station. There will be a class 

Recently, however. an anxious 
lady sent the following plea to the 
Experiment Station of a neighboring 

■•The local apple orchards are 
proving a great menace to my beau- 
tiful cedar trees, causing gross dis- 
figuration thru the formation of 
cedar galls. Can I force the orch- 
ardlsts to cut down some of these 
apple trees? How wide a strip should 
be removed?" 

If these cedar trees are part of the 
ornamental planting of a valuable 
estate, she lias a grievance. But 
would any fair-minded Judue render 
a derision in her favor? Would he 
not decide that ."Ince the apple orch- 
ard is part of a enter- 
prise, while the ornamentals are not,, 
that the former must take preced- 
ence? — S. W Fletcher. 

Chicks Don't Thrive under Glass 

D ABY chicks need the direct rays of the sun if they are to make 
the best growth and avoid leg weakness. This is proven by 

recent experiments at the New Jersey State College of Agriculture. 
One thousand chicks kept under glass weighed only one-fourth 

p ijiju at the age of twelve weeks, whereas 200 chick? of the same 

age. but kept out-doors In direct sunlight averaged one and one-half 

pounds each. 

lat ^*"!i "^^"^ ^^^ *""* ^^'" <'""''^'''P'"P*1 an effective growth stimu- 
werl V^A P''^^''^''<*^« ot leg weakne.^s. so 800 of the chicks under glass 
the varytng amount.* of the oil. At the end of twelve weeks 

fifth ^^^l "° '""'^^ thrifty than those receiving no oil. After th- 
unl *T '^^ weakness began to appear among all of the bird.^ 
chirir'' t * whether they were being fed cod-liver oil or not. The 

I K^ kept In direct sunlight showed no leg weakness at all. 
trl-d rT*i°™^'"***'°" **' '"'^'^* ninlight and cod-liver oil also was 
ori' npr ^^'^ chicks and feeding oil equivalent In weight to 

one L^^*v^ °^ ^^® ration, it wa^ found that an average weight of 
was rml *"'"«<'-''«"*"s pounds per chick had been attalnefl. This 

''unli?ht"bm'"''''" T"*^ """"^ *''"" ^^^ ^""^^^^ **' ^^^ ^^^"^^ gettlntr 

Seed -Time 
The Time of Investment 

In sowing Wheat make your 
investment in laborand seed 
return you a- real profit. 

More bushels per acre of high 
quality grain means less cost 
per bushel. 

Sound, plump Wheat that 
weighs 6o pounds per bushel 
brings the best price. 

V'-C Fertilizers made for 
W heat will insure your invest- 
ment in labor and seed by in- 
creasing the yield and improv- 
ing the quality of your grain. 

Agricultural Service Bureau 

Virginia-Carolina Chemical Company 

V-C Fertilizers are used by 
thousands of farmers who 
know how to get large yields 
of Wheat. This is the best 
proof of the value put in 
\ -C goods. 

Plan for a big yield of 
Wheat in 1926 by using V-C 
Fertilizers on 
every acre you 

j/sk your dealer for 

V-C Fertilizers 

or write 

Cincinnati, O. 
Nashville, Tenn. 

Baltimore, Md. 
Richmond, Va. 




Q\\uk umtI i-.,inplrt»r In •ciloii E«.)l\ «i.| Mul 
wits, drill ■ r •iTradT. IncTraiH.!! (T<'P yli'ld Bft 
"11 thi iiiarkrt. 

WiL'e !nd»\ for iTiiv. and tf»tiiiiiiii.i|. 


CHARLES TOWN, Jrfltiion Coyiity. W. Vil 

Holland Bulbs 

Holland Grown: Order NOW 

GIANT OARWIN TULIPS pctttini: «t tardea iw*. rbnior Mil- 
lur». AH U>t II; 101) for IJ. 

In .cianfe rolora. «ctr» Ur«v bulte, 30 for 
II; 1110 fi.r II 


led t, r >l 


."^Ui.ic .1 d..iiii|<-. 30 for II; 100 for 13. 

Mlicd or orttratf («oi<.r«. Miniuiur or b«l- 
tUii« Aw. 15 for II. Pottlnit aire. 10 for II • 

liiil fi.r I" 

All tfulbi Sent Poitpaid— Srnd for Wholrtali Lilt 

J. S. CAMPBFJ L, M» Hollv N I 

1926 Models 

Here is our latest and greatest achieve- 
"lent — the last word in internal combus- 
tion engine development. Not just one 
size, but a complete line — I ' .. to 25 H. P. 

Theae en«inci embody many improvement* 
■nd rcnncnenta for tbe convrnicnre of tbe u»er — 
the rc»ult of our many ycari' experience u CDCine 

If you enjoy operating an engine that itaita 
eaaily. nin» amoothiv and quietly — <lcv«rlop» more 
than it» full rated horac power, and will do it con- 
tinuously and economically over a lonK period of 
years, then you'll be inltreated in learning more 
about the Fuller b Johnton 1926 Modela. 

Descriptive literature gladly aent free on re- 


Engina Sp^cialitt* — CtlablUhtd 1149 
745 W fatU St., Mad son. Wit., U. $. A. 

Flower Plants 

Ravwv nxJ ftraw»»rrr. naij.hprTT. 

Derry and uiackherr;. crane. 

' i!(«s,.i,»rri . Currant 

plant* for SfTienibir and 
Oi'tolwT t')«ii'ins. lliillv- 

, ,_. hin'Ji. l)rl|>hil>him F'l- 

«l'Wi'. MUoi. HardT i'bri «antlirmuin, ririenial r"i.i.> 
Ul«wiin^ Mi-ari and 6,5 <>Oit<r kind* r* t»T.iinlil (l.'iT..r 
plants for fUiiitner and fall i.lanta, all Pfrf».->iv banlv 
liune out ilrai^ diirina nrlnter. Bom* Rbrutn. Hnles 
I'UnU. C's!aloiUP ttw. 

Harry B. Squire*, MA«irr«ii Mrs, 

l* lOOO tOOO f .0.1. I 

»«IN« HMM Seaill I 

ciitnr • • $ .50 $3.50 $3.00 ; 

Cabbacc - - .35 1.50 (.00 
Irutstls Sprouts .35 2.00 1.50 

OROL LCOOCN. PImm WmmjIi m S«w«||, M.j. i 
tw(Ml fravcr »l MfMaM* *!««, |a Htm Jtttif ' 





Holstein Cows 

Grove City, P..,Mondiy, Aug, 17, 1925 


ffri/e/or Catalogue 

Sale under auspice* (irove City .\rcred- 

ite«l Caltle .-VoistK'iation 

JAWirS W. MUNrCK. 0<>»>r. Cr*** City. Pm. 

M. R. WELCH M<na«». Oran City. P*. 
R. C. NACGCR, Aucttanear. Alsanquln. III. 


ention Prnnsyh'ania Farmer 
when writing to advrrtisov. 


PennspHVania Farmer 


and Memoria'l Day. — Ira V. Nicholas, 
Northampton County, P«. 


Cousin Ruth's Letter 

Dear Forum Friendw: — You cer- 
taiinly would have enjoyed surprising 
rae tho other day. I was a sight! It 
was the day after a big rain and up 
on the hill back of the farmhouse 
where I'm living Just now I'd been 
weeding the strawberry patch. Down 
on my knees, yanking up big, healthy 
old weeds, hands caked with fresh 
sticky mud, my sloppy straw hat tilt- 
ing at all angles with every little 
breeze. I'd have been ready to give 
you a real cousinly shake of welcome 
If you'd happened along! It's been 
sometime since I'Ve had such a love- 
ly, "grubby" time as that, and I en- 
Joyed it. 

Up there with tBe weeds and the 
berry bushes and the growing corn 
I realized once more why you Forum 
friends like to live In the country. 
As it is I can't spend much of my 
time on the farm any more so I'm 
glad I have yotr cousins to let me 

know wliat is going on in the out-of- 

How about it, have a lot of you 
been kept busy picking raspberries 
lately? I have, and It reminds me of 
the days when my sister and I used 
to array our heads in rhubarb leaf 
hats and brave the sun for berries to 
sell. That's the way we earned some 
of our spending money. And then 
after it was earned we made it go as 
far as possible 'till the next summer 
camo "round and there were more 
berries to pick, and hayflelds to bo 
raked and fences to be painted. 

Oh, yes, summertime on the farm 
is a busy time but it's fun to do the 
things we like to do and I hope all 
of you like the work you're doing. 
When you can find time in 'between 
Jobs let me know whal's keeping the 
days full for you. 


From Forum Friends 

Dear Cousin Rutl. and Forum 
FViends: — Why don't more Steiibvn 
County iboys and girls write letters 
to the Forum? I go to District No. 4 
Rathbone School. We have a small 
school. There were only eight in our 
school this year. I was In the fifth 

We live on a large farm and I like 
to help do farm work. We have fifty 
little chickens and I like to take care 
of them. — Anna L. McCalg. Steuben 
County. N. Y. 

Dear Cousin Ruth and Porum 
Friends: — I started taking music 
lessons last week. I had the whoop- 
ing cough when we had examina- 
tions but I passed ju.«t the same. I 
am now In the seventh grade. 

I have a little dog. his name la 

field with the other horses to keep 
them company, I think, as she talk.s 
to them all the time. — Dorothy Low- 
tr, Northampton County, Pa. 

Two weeks ago I drove thru the 
town of Nazareth on my way to the 
Pocono Mountains for a taste of 
mountain air. Do you suppose T 
passed you by and didn't recognize 


Dear Cousin Ruth: — ^I am a girl 
eight years old and am in the fourth 
grade. I live four miles from the 
school. A bus comes to our lane nii'l 
takes me. 

We have twenty-one cows which 
my sister Peggy helps milk. Evrrv 
night we drive them up from th»? 
meadow. I have a pet Airedale pup 
which Is afraid of thunder showers. 
Last night we had a heavy rain 
which was the first in two months. 
We have a creek near our house 
which flooded its banks. My sl.Hter 
and 1 go swimming and have lots of 
fun. — Mary B. Haines, Burlington 
County, N. J. 

Frank B»ll. (irppnr Count), Pa. 

Laddie. He can play hide and seek 
and ball. I will send a picture of 
hlra. I have a little kitten, too. His 
name Is Tabby. 

How many had a good 4th of July? 
I did. I went to Valley Forge. 1 saw 
the house that Washington lived In 
while lie wau lliere. How many have 
been to Valley Forge? — Annetta 
Zimmerman. Cumberland County, 
N. J. 

Dear Forum Friends: — How many 
of you Forum girls like to keep 
house? I have been keeping house 
for Daddy and my four brothers for 
seven weeks. Mother Is away regain- 
ing her health and strength as she 
was sick a long time. It is so •beauti- 
ful out. It Is rather hard to stay In 
the house. 

We have around 500 chicks. 1 also 

liave a nice flower bed. My brother 

and I are raising a colt, her name Is 

Dolly, She chases cows and every 

^chftaee she gets she goes out In the 

Dear Cousin Ruth and Forum 
Friends: — I have been reading Penn- 
sylvania Farmer a long time, espe- 
cially the Forum page. 

We have Just built a new house 
and there are not many shade trees. 
What there are are pretty amall. 
There is an apple orchard next to our 
house and the 'birds come and build 
nests in the trees. 

I am eleven years old and am In 
the seventh grade. For my pets I 
have a cat. It had two kittens tout 
one died. I also have a dog named 

I have a camera and take pictures. 
I will send some the next time. — 
Alice May Van Dyke, Mercer Countv, 
N. J. 

Dear Cousin Ruin and Forum 
Friends: — Hello, everybody. I do 
wish the young people of Northum- 
berland County would write oftener. 
I hardly ever see a letter from my 
home county. Perhaps everyone 
thinks, "I'll write tomorrow," but 
that tomorrow never comes. 

Our school closed June 22nd. I was 
glad because It was getting too hot 
to stay indoors. I like the out of 
doors best. Next year I will be In 
Ihe graduating class of the Bangor 
High School. 

How many Porum Friends like to 
read stores? I do. I like those 
published In this paper. I also like 
flowers. We have a hot-house that 
keeps me pretty busy around Easter 

Dear Cousin Ruth and Forum 
Friends: — This is my first letter and 
I would like to Join you and your 
friend.s. I am ten years old. We have 
ninety ducks, 190 young chickens 
and eleven turkeys. The turkeys are 
my own. This is the first time we 
have ever gotten Pennsylvania Farm- 
er. I enjoy reading the Young 
People's Forum page. I would like 
Cousin Ruth, if you would tell me 
how to become a member of your 
club. — Lee A. Paylor, Cumberland 
County, Pa. 

We're glad to welcome you to our 
Forum. Now that you've written In 
you are a member. We'll want to hear 
from you again sometime, and you 
must send us aome pictures and 
drawings, too. We hope you and 
your father will like our paper. 

Dear Cousin Ruth: — I am ten 
years old. My father has been get- 
ting Pennsylvania Farmer for eleven 

Esther Elixabrth LandU, Danphln Co^ Pa. 

years and I enjoy reading the Forum 

My mother, father and I and some 
friends are going touring to South 
Dakota this summer and I will tell 
you about the good times I had when 
I get back If you want me to. — Paul- 
ine T. Rhoads, Dauphin County, Pa. 

Please do tell us about South Da- 
kota when you get back. There'll be 
lots of things out there that those of 
us back Bast have never seen and 
would be glad to hear about. 

Dear Cousin Ruth and Forum 
Friends: — Have Just finished read- 

July 85. 

Ing this page so I thought I'd w,it 
We have taken Pennsylvania- Fara 
for ten years and we all like t 
paper, I especially, for every PrU 
when it comes I always turn to tk 
page first. I aleo read the storieti 
It, they are very good. I read | 
"Light in the Clearing," it was 
teresting. I could hardly wait (r 
one week till the next to read it. 

Father got me a camera for Chr 
mas and I took some pictures to 
r will send one In It It la good. 

How many of the Forum frl« 
live on a farm? I do. I would , 
give It up either. I like to work( 
of doors. I took the examination! 
high school but did not pass. I ) 
iplenty of time tho, yet. for I am( 
twelve years old. I expect to 

We have 170 little chicks 
four and eight weeks old. The 
that are two weeks old are so i 
We have ten cows and three ho. 
I have a pet cat named Nlggy 
follows me everywhere I go. — ^H« 
A. Hesa, Northampton County. 

Answers to riddles contributed! 
Mary Ddrlg, Delaware County, hf.f 
published July 18. 

1. Pick It from the goose. 

2. A cord of wood. 

3. In the dictionary. 

Answers to riddles oontrlbutoit] 
Harry Culvert, Morris County. Nl 
Published July 18. 192B. 

1. When the swallow is on>'(| 
of boiling hot tea. If that one 
low, does not make one sprinp, 

2. Because it is unlawful to i 
demn a man without a hearincl 

3. When it is in a hogshead. 

July 25, 1»S6 

PennsytVania Farmer 

9— es 

From Forum Frien( 


\DAMS COUNTY. — MnrKarft H 

CMNTON COUNTY.— Maxlne on 




INDIANA COUNTY.— Myrtle .shh 

HfSB. Iva V. NIrliols. 


Fi>rn Rhodes. 








uzzlt: cor?: 

Dear Little Folks: — What Is 
wrong with these names? Some- 
where In the list you will find the 
right first name for Franklin. Wash- 
ington, etc. Look thru the list care- 
fully and send me the names of these 
eight famous Americans using, of 
course, each man's correct first name. 
Let me have your answer on a POST- 
AL CARD by August Ist. BE SURE 

The ten children, sending In the 
cuiTebl answer, whose curuii are the 
best in grammar, spelling, punctua- 
tion, peamanshlp and general ap- 
pearance, will each 'be awarded a set 
of pictures. Some of Our Little Folks 
write asking me what Is the reason 
they don't receive a prize, saying 
that their answers have been correct. 
You see, the prizes go to the best 
ten correct answers — best in those 
things mentioned each week. — gram- 
mar, spelling, etc. — best, that Is, for 
the age of the children sending in 
the answers. 

Our Honor Prizes will go to tho 

children who send In correct, excel- 
lent answers for six straight weeks — 
without missing once. Tho prize for 
the series is a bright and shiny pen- 

cil, "always pointed," and a s< 
of leads. 

Address all replies to the Pt. 

Pnrale Prize Winners 

The answer to the puule paH 
ed In July 4 l.wue of Pen.syW 
Parmer is: JULY 4th. 

The prize winners are: GeorpJ 
delotte, age 11, Lewes, Del.: 
garet A. Harman, age 10, We* 
ster, Md. ; Vella Crouse, age 9. 1 
Hill, Md.; Jean Hower. age 8. 
ville. Pa.,- Qeorge Hudock. a 
New Bedford, Pa,: Hilda E Hn 
age 8. Frankford, Del.; Alfred I 
ttr. age 11, Northampton, Pa.; 
Lightner. age 8, Oettysburg. 
Belva E. Mose.s, age 10, Spring* 
Pa.; John H. Pugh, age 10, Tr 


* — '^* V-5, Uncle Sam's newest submarine, 
—-propelled by lour alx-cyllnder oil en- 
gines, surface speed twenty-one knots, 
under water nine knots an hour. 

2 — A rubber-tired tractor, for use on asphalt 
and macadam highways. 

3 — The alr-mall beacon, near New Tripoli, 

P*- — an altitude of about two thousand 

4. — ^The President and Mrs. Coolldge. with 
Roby Roy in attendance, as they were 
welcomed to their summer home In 
Swampjcott, Mass. 

5. — A section of the Royal Air Force of Graat 
Britain rehearsing for their pageant. 

6. — The shortest and tallest members of the 

University of Pennsylvania's crew on the 

dock at Poughkeepsle during the work- 

out before the annual regatta ""' 

7.— The home of Mr. Frank Stearns, which 
adjoins the "White Court," the Presi- 
aent's summer home. Mr. Stearn>; ix Mr 
Coolldge's personal friend and advisor 
-Not the kind General Sherman branded- 
just a ."spirited game of pushball at a mili- 
ary tournament of the 65th Onvalrv 



VennsytVania Farmer 

July 25, 1925 Ij 

25, 19»ft 

Pennsylvania Farmer 


Conducted by 


Souvenirs of Real Beauty 

Vacation Reminders That May Be a Jov Forever 

INSTEAD of spendini; hard trarned 
money this year on a lot of man- 
ufactured souvenirs from your vaca- 
tion, try making something from the 
fields and woods or shore where you 
go, which will not only be a pleasant 
reminder of good tlmt-s t^pent, but 

A pine-cone paper-weight. 

Bomething useful and ornamental for 
the home. 

There are endleiw posBlBilities lor 
boxes anil tiayn made from different 
kinds of bark. Th<- birch bark found 
in some vacation spots is viry pliable 
and adapts Itself to the making of 

many iJiings, but even the stiffer, 
thicker barks may b*- made into odd 
and graceful plant baskets, picture 
frames for rustic scenes, book ends! 

Grasses, worko<i into shape while 
wet, offer great possibilities for little 
mats, useful under hot dishes on the 
table, the tea pot or a growing plant. 
Baskets may be made of these grass- 
ts, too. for the dressing table, the 
wall or table. If fllk-a with dried 
flowers and weeds from the same 
place, painted and gilded, the result 
is something of whii h anyone might 
be proud ann will last indefinitely. 

Pine nefdlee and cones work up 
nicely, too. Very attractive little 
paper w»lghts may be made of these 
cones, shellaced and glued to a base. 
They should b.- allowed to dry well 
first or they will btirst open later. 

A most attractive serving tray is 
made of sheets of bark pressed flat 
and laid under the glass with vines 
and colored leaves and even flowers. 
The colors of many growing things 
seem to be fadeless and are a Joy for 
many years kept in this way. 

What could the ready made boxes 
and trays j.nd baskets mean, compar- 
ed with s( mething made of materials 
gathered per.sonally! Make ufJ your 
mind to bilng something home which 
was a pleasure to put together and 
a constant remindrr of golden vaca- 
tion hours. — E. M. P. 

Maryland's Homemakers 

NEARLY four hundred women, 
representing most of the rural 
communities in Maryland, attended 
the third annual short course begin- 
ning June 15 at the University of 

THe students hail a delightful time, 
their study periods being as enjoy- 
able as their social diversions. The 
courses of instruction Included foods 
and I'Utrition: clothing: household 
management; house furnishlnK; mil- 
linery; health, home dairying; poul- 
try keeping; landscape gardening; 
and parliamentary law. 

Beginners and Advanced Sttidents 

There were freshman, sophomore 
and junior classes. Those who enroll- 
ed for the second or third tim<' went 
forward in the subjects studied the 
previous year. 

The classfc.- in dairying met in the 
recently complet<d dairy husbandry 
building, where they had the advan- 
tage of laboratories and other mod- 
ern equipment. 

Rural women and girls are making 
rapid progress in organliatlon, and 
■s vtTH jfif#.r#sf HAH thiiif been anto- 
maticilly created In liome demon- 
stration work. 

Increase in Membership 
Some idea of the development that 
has taken place in the organization 
of nirar women and glrl« mny be ob- 
tained from a comparison of flgtires. 
At the close of 1922 there were 110 
rural women's clubs with a total en- 
rollment of 3Fi04 members. At the 
end of this past year there were 243 
clubs with 6030 members. The In- 
crease in the number of girls' clubs, 
tho not quite so marked. Is very 
promising. From 206 clubs In 1922. 
witb an enrollment of 2710, th( 

clubs have grown to 2.33 with a 
membership of 3124. 

In both women's and girls' work 
the aim has hi en to consolidate local 
clubs into county federations as rap- 
idly ;is conditio;!-! woulil permit. At 
the present time the rural women"-^ 
clubs in ten countifs have been fed- 
erated into county units, while sim- 
ilar federations of girls' clubs exist 
in four counties. 

One of the vital ri'^Mf'ti^*' whirh 
the clubs in rural Maryland, as else- 
where, are trying to solve. Is how 
to meet all the needs of the family 
out of the limited income available 
for the purpose. — Mnrylander. 


The Little Added Extras One 
Like.sto Serve 

MOST women like to have some- 
thing extra nice for the little 
afternoon company, the church so- 
cial, the community gathering or for 
some partlcitTarly honored guests in 
the home in Ihe way of spreads. 
Nothing pets off a table better than 
clear ruby red jelly, rich golden 
peach preserves, purple plum eon- 
serve or other colorful swret. A dish 
of pale green plum butter made from 
the golden green fruit, or the com- 
liination rf pineapple and apricot 
will give a touch to any meal that 
other things cannot. 

If You Have One Specialty 

It is a pood plan to make these 
special preserves in very small quan- 
tities and to select a day when a lit- 
tle extra time can be given to the 
work. A very Httle over boiling Is 
fatal to color and textwre, A dull, 
muggy day will prolong the cooking 

until thr mixture lurhs dark. Clear 
Jelly depends upon constant attention 
and a clear (iay fov success. 

Some very liusy women stick to 
but one preserve . for company and 
specialize In that. It is a good rule 
it time is precious. Foi- years our 
(ompany preserves consisted of small 
ripe pears halved, cooked very care- 
fully till tender, the same weight in 
sugar added and more cooking until 
they were golden and flelicious. Half 
an hour before taking from the fire 
(and tht y were watched constantly) 
a lemon cut in small bits was added 
to each half gallon of preserve. 

It happened that the right kind of 
pears ripened when school was in 
.session and the house quiet, that sea- 
son between summer and fall eo 
there were always good days lor the 
task. There is a glow of satisfaction 
when people say: "Oh, there are Mrs. 
K.'s pears! I'd know them in Jeri- 
cho. They are so delicious." 

No Eleventh-hour Doubts 

By setting a certain number 
of Jars for special occasions there is 
no hunting at the eleventh hour and 
holding jars to the light and wonder- 
ing if the preserve will be all right 
when opened. 

We wrap our best preserves in 
paper to excludt the light and mark 
on the wrapper. Two dozen jars will 
probably do the average family for 
birthdays, holidays and social occa- 
sions, tho where much entertaining 
Is done the number will he larger. 
Some housekeepers say that what is 
good enough for them and their fam- 
ilies everyday is plenty good enough 
for guests, but most of us like to do 
something a little extra on special 
occasions. — Hilda Richmond. 

Cast-off Coats 

DEAR EDnX)R:— In answer to 
the correspondent who asked 
what to do with used coats, I should 
like to suggest that old coats make 
very acceptable gifts to charitable 
organizations. The organization 
may put them on sale at a rummage 
sale, and thus net something for its 
work. Or they may be glad to 
use such garments as gifts for needy 
people. If the coats are past all use- 
fulness, thoy may be eold for quilt 

If you feel that you cannot afford 
to give the coats away, they can be 
sold to second-hand clothing stores 
in almost any town. — Mrs. M. W. 

EJditor's note: — Here is a good 
chance for discussion. Many of our 
readers .will doubtless agree that Mrs. 
M. W. has hit on the best solution. 
Others will testify that they have 
saved more by making "cut-downs 
from cast-offs" than they could af- 
ford to give away. In our experience, 
selling to a second-hand dealer le not 
profitable,— except for the dealer. 

7 pounds of fresh currants 
."t pounds of brown sugar 

2 tablespoons cinnamon 

3 tablespoons cloves » 
1 pint vinegar 

Pick over file currants, wash. 
<lrain and remove stems. Put in a 
preserving kettle, and add sugar, 
vinegar and spices tied in a piece of 
cheesecloth. Heat to boiling point 
and cook slowly one and one-half 
hours. Store in a stone jar and keep 
in a eOol place. This Is delicious 
with cold meat. Combined with 
cream cheese it makes an unusual 
and tasty .sandwich filling. — M. T. C. 

Garments for the Up-to-date 

nirectlont for Ordering. — Q'lrt flgarai 
khd Ipl'^ri of enrh pattern fxaelly >• 
nriDt*d tt becinninc of rarh dmrriplion. 
GiTe huit B«asnrr!> when orderinf wsUl 
pattrrni. wefit roraiure for iklrt. and 
agF for rhildrfn't pattrmi Addrei* 
PcnnsylTsnin FarmeT, 261 ? TMrd 
Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

£1*A-MK1<— A Snmrt Blonde •«Fii«etnhlf." 

— FlRured sportu *ilk In blark anil whitf 
with bini'k blndlnp Is here sliown. This 
iiioflel Is also good for knslitt. jersey and 
tub !>IIk. The blf.nne. ."itTO, |« |n rrx lit/pR ; 
34. ?S. 3S. to. 42 nnil 44 Inrhi-K hunt rnean- 
ure. The skirt, .MS], In In srv.-n Mzcv: 25, 
27, 29, .Tl, ni, S.l and "' ln<ho» whIcI meas- 
uff with eorrf sp^ntlinB hip nif.'isiire 35, 
37. 3», 41, 43, 4:< and 47 Inrhos. Thf ulrtlh 
of the skirt at the lower rdR,- wuh plnlts 
extended Is l'"'; ynrd. To niakr the eklrt 
und blouse for a .'tf-lnfti »iz«' will require 
four y.ircls of 40-Inch miitirlal. Two pnt- 
terrii". lOo each. 


lire. The width of thr frock a» the foot 
Is J Si yarrt. To mnkp this modrl for :i 
■•fdiimi Kize will require 4^J yards for 
the fro<k and 2«4 yards for the knlekpr- 
of 27-lnrh in.itcrlnl. P.-itlern, 10 cents. 

ilM.— \ Prartlml Vnder Garment.— 

• 'lunbrlr, i-repe. nainsook, as weH as Rilk 
.ind irepe de chine m.ny t>e used for thi? 
'Ipulcn. The pntt.<rn may be flnlahod with 
sh,Tp<-fl xhoiilrlpr or cnmlsole top. Four 
»tr.rH: small, .14-S6 ; medium, 38-40; larg. . 
42-44 ; ixtra Inrjre, 4C-48 inches bunt niea.«- 
iire. A medium ntze requires 2% yards of 
.1«-lnih malfFlal If made with shapeil 
Hhonldrrs. If made with camisole top 
2% yards are required. Pattern, 10 cent.- 


4gig..A ^ew Aprnn Frorli.— Thr busy, 
practical housekeeper will w«>liome this 
simple frork and the bloomers that ac- 
company It, because freedom and comfort 
while at work are so desirable,. The 
bloomers may be of the same material as 
the frock or of contra.=tlnE material. Four 
sizes : small, 34-36 ; medium, 38-40 ; large, 
42-44 : extra larg«, 4fi-4i Inchoa bust mcas- 

6147,— A Dninty Krork,— Printed ai"l 
plain voile are here combined. This Is .-ii- 
Bo a good style for cretonne and linen. 
Three sizes: 16. IS and 20 years. An is- 
rvnr nitp r«Milre« 1% yard of ttttured mii- 
torlal aiA 2*4 yards of plain material :- 
Inches wide If made as Illustrated in Uu 
larse view. If made with the full sleev.s 
It requires .^U yards of plain materia 
The width ct the dross at the foot will' 
plaits extended Is 1% yard. Pattern. >« 

Head Ite la sllrer or sUmps for our np- 
In.dnte sprtng and samner IMS Book ei 

The Education of Billy Stream 

By Frederick William Wallace 

C<vn*(l>t, aOODBS * SroUGHTOM. Ltd., 


TREAM ralated the details of hia 
trip until the time he went on 
ne Jennie May. He did not say any- 
Mng about the conversation he 
ierheard in Boston, reserving that 
Ir a later occasion. 
1 "Why didn't ye wire me for mon- 
r?" inquired his uncle when he fln- 
aed. "I'd ha'^sent ye all ye want- 
1. Now, what' d'ye plan to do?" 
'I can't do much," answered Bil- 
, "There's no use in us attempting 
J put flnnan-haddles on the market 
lless we can keep up a steady sup- 
<i and we haven't got the money to 
[ that." 

"I've got eight thousand dollars." 
"Not enough to do business with, 
cle. There's buildings to be erect- 
men to be employed, boxes to buy, 
1 cash must he paid the fishermen 
their fish. Bight thousand dol- 
j won't go very far." 
"Then what do you plan to do 
jrself, Billy?" 
The young man hesitated. 
"Well. I don't know. I gueae Til 
to sea, fishing, coasting or deep- 
Jter. I'll wait a day or so." 
"Son," said UHcle Ben emphatical- 
"sooner'n see you do that I'll start 
slness again in a small way an* 
you run it. That's what I'll do 
Iw, so say no more about it." 
jAfter supper, which the startled 
lusekeeper served, Anthony spoke: 
J"You said Hemsley hit you aiboard 
lat vessel ?" 

|"Yes. Where Is he now?" 
•"Waal, It's a funny thing about 
lis Hemsley feller. He's a rum- 
lund and always was. yet your old 
kn has put hini back as foreman 
fain — him an* 'that sweep Jones — 
I' both o' them are never sober. Th' 
imager haa sacked them several 
nes, but Will alius puts the-n on to 
leir jobs again." 
IBIlly laughed. 

r'Uncle, I must tell you something. 
Ill explain a lot." 
iHe thereupon related the conver- 
Tion he had overheard In the Bos- 
ti "quick lunch.*' 
lAnlhony's face grew black. 
"So he's th' hound, is he? I'll jail 
n for that, by Godfrey!" 
rran you, tho?" said Billy 
bughtfuUy. "It might be hard ti. 
bve. I have a bone to pick with 
ki. too. He tried to kill me." 
I'What'll you do?" 
rUiicle, I think if you let me give 
at man the worst hammering he 
Ir had. it would be the best. He'll 
p out mighty quick afterward." 
rVour old man won't be sorry, but 
b'e're Koin' to git Hemsley" ye'll 
M to git him quick. Ef he hears 
I're hack, he'll skip out." 
■'We'll drive Into Anchorvllle to- 
Iht. I'll fake a lot of pleasure In 
Iting up that scutn — more satls- 
Ition than seeing him Jailed." 
VyW go with you. son." 
Taptain Billv Stream made history 
[Anchorvllle that night. People 
about it yet and fishermen re- 

late the incident with gusto in the 
rocsle o' nights when the vessel is 
making a passage or lylng-to on the 

Jack Hemsley and Jones, half- 
drunk as usual, were down in Mor- 
rison's pool-room with a crowd of 
fishermen and others when the door 
opened and Billy Stream and his 
uncle walked in. The crowd remain- 
ed spell-bound with horror at the 
sight o fa supposedly drowned man 
walking In to the pool-room, and in 
their fright they remained transfix- 
ed and speechless. 

Hemsley, his eyes almost starting 
from his head, hung on to a table 
to save himself from falling, and 
Jones, being the weaker-minded of 
the two, incontinently fainted and 
rolled under a bench. 

FOR a moment. Stream stood look- 
ing around the room and then 
he fixed his eyes on the shrinking, 
apprehensive Hemsley. At the sight of 
th© man, all the ferocious combatlve- 
ness of his usually placid nature rose 
and he advanced on him like a tiger 
that has corraled his prey. 

"So you thought you had got rid 
of me, Hemsley?" he rasped. "An- 
swer me, you hound!" 

His fist ahot out and smashed the 
fellow full fn the face and the blood 
spurted from his nose. 

"Don't hit him In here, Billv,'* 
remonstrated Bep Anthony. "Get him 
into the stable at the back." 

Hemsley was standing stupidly and 
making no attempt to put up his 

"Boys," said Ben, turning to the 
wondering mob of men, "this feller 
Hemsley was shipmates with Billy on 
the schooner. When she was sink- 
ing, Hemsley hit my nevey on th' 
head with a toelayln'-pin an' left him 
to drown. He didn't drown, an' he's 
come back to settle up old scores. 
'Sides that, he's payin' a hill o' mine, 
fur Hemsley is th' man what set my 
place afire, so drag th' hound outside, 
boys, an" we'll hev fair play!" 

It was a terrible fight. In fact, it 
couldn't be called a fight — If wa< a 
frightful heating at the strong hands 
of a relentless, and powerful man. 
Hemsley was bigger and stronger 
than Stream, but in his composition 
he had a yellow streak a yard wide. 
True, he made a strenuous resist- 
ance, but Billy smashed him unmer- 
cifully with cold and calculating 
blows. When at last the man drop- 
ped to his knees, whimpering and 
whining, gasping for breath and with 
his face a pulp of blood-stain»»d. 
bruised flesh, Ben Anthony merciful- 
ly pulled his nephew awav. 

"Let him be. Billv. He's had 
enough — Hullo Will!" 

Old Captain Stream pushed himself 
to the front. 

"What th* devil's this? Who's 
that? Hemsley? Who's been hlttln* 
him. eh? Who is It?" 

Billy turned around to his amazed 


Only me, dad. I've been paying 

off some old scores." he said calmly. 

You can go home and rest easy. 

Neither he nor Jones will trouble 

you any more!" 

And as he spoke, he pulled on his 
coat and in company with hia uncle 
climbed into their team and drove 

"Billy," said Ben after a pause. "I 
think ye sh'd ha' spoken to yer dad 
a while," 

"No! I didn't feel like it. He's 
treated us rotten and I won't court 
his favor. Mother and sis are the 
on y ones I'd like to see and I'll prob- 
ably see them tomorrow. They'll 
drive over as soon as thev hear I'm 
back. If they don't. I'll telephone 

After a clean-up, Billy was handed 
two letters by his uncle. 

"I was Jest a-goin' to send them 
back yesterday. They're from Mon- 
treal and addressed to you here." 

Billy opened the first one leisurely, 
and as he did so a slip of paper feli 
out on the floor. He let it lie for a 
moment while he read the letter and 
then he gasped: 

"Holy jumping, cod-eyed Christo- 
pher Columbus!" he eiaculated. 
"What d'ye know about that?" 
"What's the matter?" 
"Remember that old guy I told you 
about that damned me for pulling 
him from under a street car in Mon- 
treal? Well, this Is from hinv Listen: 
'Mr. William Stream, Port Anthony, 
N. S. Dear Mr. Stream: Kindly ac- 
cept the enclosed with my compll- 
menta My life is worth more to my 
relations than It Is to me, but I con- 
sider it Is worth at least the amount 
I am enclosing. I consider It suffi- 
cient to compensate you for your 
trouble in rousing me when "I went 
to sleep on the car tracks." Will be 
glad to see you whenever you hap- 
pen to be in this city, and thanking 
you for my life, I remain yours sin- 
cerely, Alvin H. Gardiner'." 

"Where's th' check? What's the 
amount?" cried Uncle Ben. 

Billy picked It up and hastily scan- 
ned ft. 

"Holy .sailor! Ten thouijand dol- 

Ben Jumped up. 

"Are ye sure? It might only be 
one hundred dollars. They's four 
noughts in that when they put th* 
cents In. No. by Godfrey, vou're 
right! It reads 'Pay to William 
Stream or order, the sum of Ten 
Thousand Dollars.' Waal, ef that 
ain't luck! Jupiter! I'm glad for 
yoti. son!" 


from a dollar with a crowbar He'll 
want six per cent if he loans it, but 

add that he gave me a rotten five- 
cent cigar when I left him. I'm hav- 
ing u put in a glass case to hang in 
the Frat House. Best wishes. Yot^r 
pal. Jack Anstruther." 
" Jack'.s wrong, anyway, uncle. The 
old mans come across handsomely. 
I iiever expected anything" 

"t;-,^ ^' \ T'*^ ^'" ""^'« solemnly. 
It 3 a useful wad to have as a sheet 
anchor to win ard sh'd you git jam- 
med on a lee shore. Ye'll be glttin' 
married some day—" 

i,/7°^ f."""y °^^ scout!" cried Bll- 

whir^""^- 1"^^^^ *^" thousand is 
what we need for the business. Let's 
get busy now and make our plans 
The Port Anthony Pish Company is 
going to operate again, and like the 
Phoenix, it will anew, greater 
than ever, from the ashes of the 

Cap(;^aln William Stream, senior 
was holding a board meeting of the 
Stream Fish Company. The prest- 
dent, general manager and board of 
directors were present in the person 
of himself, for he constituted them 
all, and the only other member of 
the board present was his office man- 
ager acting as secretary, ex-offlcio. 

"Ben Anthony is spoiling our busi- 
ness!" reported the president in ter^e 
but unparliamentary language. 

The secretary nodded dismally. 

"Our smoked-flsh business is fad- 
ing away. Nobody seems to order the 
Mornlng-Olory Brand now since the 
Excelsior has been put on the mar- 

"What d'ye know about themT** 
growled the old man. 

tt'TP HEY'VE got a fine plapt with 

THE other letter was from An- 
"Dear Billy," It ran. "You will no 
doubt be surprised to learn that it 
was Senator Gardiner yoti rescued 
from under the street car th:if n'eht 
you Went away. He is a millionaire 
flour mill owner hut as mean as 
Hades. He asked for my card after 
you ran for ynur train and next day 
telephoned for me to come down to 
his office. I went and he asked all 
kinds of questions about you and the 
reason for your visit to Montreal. I 
told him you wanted to raise ten 
thousand bones to start a codflsh-ball 
factory or something of that nature, 
but you couldn't get It. I put It 
up strong to him as I thought he 
might lend you the money. He would- 
n't give it to you, that's a cinch, for 
they say he couldn't be pried loose 

everything new and modern, 
reported the secretary. "Their smoke- 
houses are built of concret.* and 
they've got all the latest devices for 
smoking fish. Their fish shed^ and 
packing rooms are splendid. They've 
a good wharf and handle flsh quick- 
ly. Their gasoline schooner Is faster 
than ours, and they've got all the 
best fishermen along the shor-' .cell- 
ing them. They've secured th»» best 
sales agency in central Canada for 
distributing their goods, and they've 
got the railroads and express com- 
pany lined up to give their stuff pre- 
ferr>»d treatment ami quick dispatch. 
"I hear they've just cnntrpftod for 
thirty car loads of Excelsior Ftnnan- 
Haddle to be delivered to a w»>.-<tprn 
dealer. They put up a fine flsh and 
in nice style. B<n .\nthony nlwaya 
could smoke ,a haddie better'n any 
one I knew. Hf'.-s lonk'ng after that 
end while yotir son looks after the 
general manngemi'nt of the plant. 
We're dropping out of the flnnan- 
haddle business, and we're likely to 
lose the fillet, kipper and bloater 
trade as well. They — " 

"Heave-to, you raven!" growled 
Captain Stream. "One 'ud think by 
th' way you talk that yoti're gellln* 
the Anthony Company's flsh. We 
a' n't ruined — not by a long way. Our 
fresh-flsh trade l.s good an' .so's our 
dried-fish business. An' th' v»»-''<els 
are payin' well. Ben's not touch in' 
th' fre.-Jh flsh — ' 

"I'm not sure of that." interrupt- 
ed the .secretary. "I heard th.Tt your 
(Continued on page l^^ 

?tivities of AI Acre.s: Conlidffe's Iron Horse Has Nothing on Ben 

Bp Lcef 

iTHesE ballcxdn HOR6E shoes T>tAr 


ISi— 78 

Pennsptvania Farmer 

Juir 25, 192 



July 20. 1925 


Vfffctables (wholesale)— BBANS, home 
KTOwn, bu bskt. 116)1.50. BliKTS, home 
frown, doz bchs, 20©;ioc. CABBAGE, 
Ohio, Marietta district, lOO-lb crate, f3 ; 
poorer and decayed, |1 ; small, 12. CAR- 
ROTS, home Brown, doz bchs, 25'iJ'30c. 
CELKRY, Calif, crate, »8<(i8.50. CUCUM- 
BERS, Ohio, hot house, bsitt 2 doz, fancy. 
$2.2502.75; choice, tl«j.l.25; Md and N C, 
bu hmpr, 75cfd 11.25. EGGFI-,.\NT, U», T» 
bu hmpr, J2. GREEN CORN, Ohio, bu 
bBkt, $l<^i)1.50; Marietta district, 1% bu. 
$3; poorer, »1. LETTUCE, home giown, 
box, 2 doz hds, leaf, 50<riT5c. OKRA. L.a, 
% bu hmpr, $2. ONIONS, home grown, 
bundle 1 doz bchs. 10«4 20c; Spanih, crates, 
50s, $1.85@2; Egyptian, 100-lb, sacks, $5.78 
3)6; Iowa, 100-lb sacks, $5.75. PARSLEY, 
borne grown, bundle 1 doz bchs, 30i(30c. 
PEAS, N Y, bu bakt, $2.50(^(3. poor 50c. 
PEPPERS, La, 'i, bu hmpr. $1.90(gi2. PO- 
TATOES, new. bbl, Cobblers, Va. No 1, 
$5.75(^6.50; poorer low as $3. RHUBARB, 
home grown, bundle 1 doz bchs, 20iii30c. 
SPINACH, home grown, bu bskt. summer, 
T5c. SWEET POTATOES, Ala, bu hmpr, 
$4. TOMATOES. Ohio, .Marietta, 12-qt 
bskt, fancy. $2.40iei 2.50 ; choice. $l;3)1.25; 
home grown, 10-«it bskt. $2(g'2.50. TUR 
NIPS, chip bskt. \i bu, 5011 75c; Ohio, bu. 

Praiti — APPLES, new stock, bu bskt. 
Md, Del and Indiana Transparents, No 1, 
$1©1.50; No 2». :>0(ii75c. CA.NTALOUPES, 
Calif, crate, jumbos. $2.5(n& 2.75 ; stand- 
ards, $1.75'(i 2.50 : tlatn. 75'>i$oc; Arizonas, 
wrapped Jumbos. $2.75^:3 ; standards, 
$2.50ti>2.75; ripe. $1.50@2.50; tlats. $1 ; 
Arizona and N C. unwraped. poor qual- 
ity, standards, $1.2.'i'ii 1.50. CURRANTS. N 
Y, 32-qt crate. »lf«5. PEACHES. Ga, 6- 
bskt crate and bu bskt, Georgia Belles, 
large to medium, $2<»i2.S0; Elbertas, me- 
dium to large, $2«2.6o: mostly $2<ii 2.50. 
PEARS. Oa. bu bslct. fancy, $2.50 ; choice, 
$2. RASPBERRIES, N Y ,Pa and Ohio. 
32-qt crate. $7i^i8. WATER-MELONS. Oa 
and S C. 18<3 22 lbs. 20«i30c; 24@26 lbs. 
35»i)45c; 28»t30 lbs, 50&6&«: 32@34 Iba, 75 
6>85c each. 


Cattlr — Receipts light ; market steady ; 
good to iholcc. $111(111.75; good. 1;!(MKu 
1400 lbs, $101^10.75; mediums, 120n«il30« 
lbs. $9(glO; tidy, lor.04ill30 lbs. $9.50i)ill; 
fair, t«00«( 1000 lbs, $7.75Si 8.73 ; common. 
700i'(i8i>() IhK. $5(ijt).7r, ; conmion to good fat 
bulls, $4*16.50; common to Koo<l fat cows. 
$1.5U(ifi..50 ; heifers, $4^9.25; fresh cows 
and springers. $30«/85. 

HogH — Receipts, 12 double decks; mar- 
ket. 25c lower; prime heavy, $14. 40«i 14.50 ; 
heavy mixed. tl4.50(j 14.60 ; mediums and 
heavy yorkirs. $1 1.TdSi 14.75 : light york- 
ers, $14 2.'>'<( n.r.O; pips. $14fii 14.25; roughs, 
$11<I)12.25; HtagH, $5ii7. 

Sheep and Lamb* — Receipts, 2 double- 
dei'ks ; market slow and lower on lambs; 
steady on sheep; prime wethers. $8^8.50; 
good mixed, $7«i7.2.'>; fair mixed, $6«i 
6.75; culls and coinmivn. $2iii4; culls to 
choice yearlings, $7'!ill; spring lambs, 

t'alTf^ — Receipts light ; market lowet 
choice, $11.50M12; heavy and thin. $4@8. 


Receipts — P R R. 4 cars hay. 10 cars 
oats, 3 cars corn. 2 cars straw. B and O, 
1 car hay. P and L, E, 1 car hay. B, R and 
P, 1 car hay. 

Hay— No 1 clover. $18^19; No 1 light 
clover, mixed. $20'ri21 ; No 1 he.wy clover, 
mixed. $lSig^l9; No 1 clover, mixed. $18'a 
19; No 1 tinu>thy. $23.50e24.50 ; No 2 tim- 
othy, $19.50(Li 20.30; standard timothy. $2> 

8traw— Oats. $13.50614; rye. $14,500:15: 
wheat, $13. 5oef 14.50. 

Yellow r'orn- No 2 shelled, $1.23«il.25; 
No 3 shelled, $1.21 «i 1.22; No 2 ear. $1.35 

Oatd— No 2 white, 56®5«Hc ; No 3 
white, 54ei53c. 


July 20. 192S. 

Beel Cattle — Steers, good to choice, $11 

611.50; fair to good. $10''n 11 , cows, goml 
to choice, $3.50*1 6.50 ; fair to good. $4.504i 
6.60; >>ologn.-< c<iws. as to quality, $1.50i!r 
3; bulls, good to choice. $5.50«<.A.75 ; fair 
to good, $4..">0'ij 5.50 ; c:ilv«n, choice. $11. .In 
W12 ; fair to kikmI. $10<!i11 ; common. $7''i( 
9; Tennessee. clioi<e, $9ifi 10 ; fair to good, 
$7@8 ; t'ommon. $4''/'°i. 

tiheep and l,Bmh» — Sheep, wethers, ex- 
tras, $7.50''! 8: fair to pood. $H'.i7; com- 
mon. $2«3.50; ewes, heavy, fat. $5..50'Si6; 
lambs, Md, IH2fil5.50; Vn. $10'<il5.50. 

Hog* — Western, best, ll.5..5<i'(i 16 ; near- 
by, handy weights, $14.50«i 14.75. 

City l)re««ert Stork — Steers. $20«/ 21 : 
heifers t1S4, !«• ro«B l!4«ri« : v...-,rlineT 
top, $2<''i2>> good, $l9«i21; calves, city 
dressed, $22<h24; country dressed. $17€i 
$19; sheep, good wethers. $18(1)20; eweif, 
$16018; hogs. $23; winter lambs. $25«t28; 
spring lambs, $316>33. 


Baled Hajr and Htrsw — Hay, timothy. 
No 1, nominal ;No 2. $19<»i20; No 3. $17«i 
17.50; light clover mixed, No 1. $18«i 18.50; 
No 2. $16<t>17. Straw, straight rye, $17«i 
17.50; wheat straw, $14ffjl4.50; oat straw. 

Braa in small suply and firm but quiet 
Car lots. Including sacks, ton : winter 
bran, city mills. $354»35.50: western 
spring bran, $33@33.50. 

Wlieat— Market declined «4c. No 2. red 
winter. $1.58»1.60: No 3. $1.5301.67; No 
4, $1.33ii»1.5S; No 5. $1.50'$1.52; No 2, red 
Winter, garlicky, $1.4801.51 ; .No 3, $1.45® 
Ml; No 4. $t. 4301.46: No 5, |1.4««ei.4.3. 

Mixed wheat 3c under red winter. 

Corn — Car lots for local trade : No 2 
yellow, $1.29@1.30; No 2, $1.261D1.27. 

Oats — Receipt, none ; steadily held. 
Quiet and unchanged. Car lots as to loca- 
tion: No 2 white, 60 ',•>«»; 61 ^c; No 3 white, 


Batter— Receipts, 4034 tubs. Solid-pack* 
ed creamery, in tubs, extras, 92 scor*. 
WAc; higher-scoring goods, 45>,2^'48Hc, 
the latter for small lots ; 91 score, 43>,4c ; 
90 score, 42c; 89 score, 40>^c ; 88 score, 
39'/2C ; 87 score, 39c; 86 score, 38 He; best 
prints, 92@94 score, 48@50c ; cartons, 49 
ftiSlc; good prints. 89(i91 score, 44«ri)46c; 
cartons, 45®'47c ; ordinary farmers' prints 

Cliee»e— Quiet but Arm. New York, 
whole milk, flats, fresh, 23H<fi24c; long- 
bom.s, round lots, 23H(<ii21c; jobbing, 
small lots, 25H@)26c: single daisies, fresh, 
23^ @ 24c. 


July 20, 1925. 

Batter aad Effga— Country butter, 450 
53c lb; creamery butter. SOwSSc lb: fresh 
eggs, 38 @) 40c doz. , , 

Dreiised funltry— Chickens, 50ce$1.89 
ea; squabs. ;t5'«(40c ea ; ducks, $1.75iii2.4&. 

Vegetable'' — lieans. yellow .and green, 
lOc >^ pk ; beets, 8c bcb ; cabbage, 5<'a)15c 
tad; carrots, 10c bch ; cauliJlower, 5^1Sc 
tad; celery. 10(g)25c stalk; corn, 404i 60c 
doz; cucumbers, 5©10c ea ; lettuce, 5(t35c 
hd; onions, 5c bch; parsley, l(^2c bch; 
peppers, 5c ea ; potatoes, new. 18(t;20c % 
pk; radishes, 5c bch; rhubarb, 54i8c bch; 
spinach, 10c Vt Pk : squash, 8 It 20c eai 
tonuitoes, 20® 25c qt. 

Froltii — Apples. 15c M pk ; apricoU, 16c 
|it ; blackberries, 25c qt ; cantaloupes. 130 
20c ea ; huckleberries, 36c qt ; peaches, 16c 
pt; pears. 15c pt; pltuna, 16c pt; water- 
melons. $1©1.25 ea. . ™u . 

Orslns (prices paid to farmers) — Wheat, 
$1.32 bu ; corn, $1.10 ; timothy, baled, $1S 
((14 ton; straw. $10««11. „,«,,« 

Feed* (selling prices)— Bran, $37©38 

lOeiSc % pk ; peas, 20e26e \i pk ; string 
beans. 124ul8c \i pk. 

Pralts — ^Apples, old, 30(^35c \i pk ; new, 
10@'lSc M pk ; r.ospberrles. 16020c qt. 

Retail Orain Market— Wheat. tl.60: 
corn, $1.50; rye, $1.25; oats, 66c: bran, 
$1.90 cwt; middlings, $2.40 cwt 

Wholesale Grain Market— Wheat, tl.32: 
com, $1.25 ; rye, $1 ; oats, 60c ; bran, |35 
ton :middling8, $4(1 ton. 


July 20, 1928. 

Batter firm ; receipts, 8579 tubs ; cream* 
ery. higher than extras, 44@44Hc: do, ex* 
tras, 92 score, 43V2c: do, firsts, 88@'91 
score, 41043c: packing stock, current 
make. No 2, 32%c. 

Eggs firm; receipts, 11,726 cases; fresh 
g.ithered. extra firsts, 35rf(37c; do. firsts, 
33034>ic: do, seconds, 31(f)32M:c; nearby 
hennery whites, closely selected extras, 44 
'(Vile ; nearby and nearby western hen- 
nery whites, firsts to average extras. 37fi) 
43c ; nearby hennery browns, extras, 420 
46c; Pacific Coast whites, extras, 45047c: 
do. firsts to extra firsts. 39^ii;(43^c. 

Cheese firm ; receipts. 285.202 lbs ; state, 
whole milk flats, fresh, fancy to fancy 
specials, 23>4'ii24'/4c ; do, average run, 21 
022Vic ; state, whole milk fiats, held, 
fancy to fancy specials, unquoted; do, 
average run, unquoted. 

Live Poaltry irregular: no freight quo- 
tations ; broilers, by express, 29(|»31c ; 
fowls, by express, 25<j!3Sc 

llresoed Poaltry steady ; chickens, fresh. 
29036c ; do, frozen. 2&«i 41c ; fowls, 230 
33c; old roosters, 14020c; titfkeys, frosen. 


Cattle — Receipts, 1350 head; steady; 
steers, $7.15ti)11.25 ; state bulls, $306.10; 
cows. $1.7505.60. 

Calves — Receipts, 830 head ; steady ; 
veals, common to prime, %S(tvl3 ; culls and 
little calves, $608 ; buttermilk calves, $6 
06; fed calves, $607. 

Sheep aad Lamb* — Receipts, 6970 head; 
steady ; sheep. $307 ; culls, $203 ; lambs, 
medium to prime, $12916; culls. $10011. 

The Trend of the Markets 

THE figures in the following table represent the approximate unweighted 
average prices of the commodities and grades specified. The prices are 
based upon quotations from the market page of Pennsylvania Farmer 

Thie • - 

Butter, 92 score creamery extras (N. T.) 
Eggs, fresh gathered extra firsts (N. T.) 
Chickens, broilers by express (New York) 

Steers, good to choice (Lancaster) 

Hay, Number 2 timothy baled (Phlla.).., Number 2 red winter (Phlla.).. 
Com. Number 2 yellow (Philadelphia).. 
Oats. Number 2 white (Philadelphia).. 


week week 

$ .43%$ .42 








.42 $ 


.32 'ii 

10.42'i 10.37>4 

18.50 18.00 

1.49 1.72 

1.27% L29% 

.61 .64 




ton; shorts. $.181i40 ton; hominy. $47,500 
48.50; miildllngH. $4&C(4fi; linseed. $55..^0fl' 
5i>.50; gluten, $49.50(i>50.50 ; giouml oats, 
I44043; cottonseed. 41 per cent protein. 
$54053; dairy feeds, 16 per cent. $.38«7'39; 
18 p«r cent. $42.5004.1.50 ; 20 per cent, 
$44. 50«( 45.50; 24 per cent. $49(i 50 ; 25 per 
cent, $52 ft) 53 ; horse feed, 83 per cent. 
|49.&0e 50.60. 


Review of Im-al market for week endlnit 
July 18: Market fairly active for good to 
choice be.'f steers an<l heifers. Comparea 
with week ago local dry fed beef steers 
and grassers grading good and better ful- 
ly steady ; early week's decline practical- 
ly wiped' out. Common killers showing de- 
cided we.ikness. Top grain feds, $12.60; 
average weiuht. 12.15 lbs. Top grasser*. 
$11; weight. 1261 ll)s; bulk, $7..'iOfc8.75. 
BullH, she stock and canners slow, prac- 
tically unchanged. .St<K-kers and feeders 
in light supply. <iuality mostly medium, 
fully steady ; bulk of sales. $4.7606. 
Calves steady with week's decline; top 
vealers, $12.50. Practically no hogs on 

Receipts for Saturday s market : Cattle, 
13 cars. 4 from Kansas City. 3 Tennesse*. 
2 Penna. 2 Virginl:i. 2 St Louis, contain- 
ing 341 head ; 64 head trucked in from 
nearby farms. Total : Cattle, 4o:, head. 11 
calves Receipts for we,-k endlne July 18, 
1925: Cattle. HO c;irs; 32 Virginia. 31 St 
Louis 21 St Paul, 17 Kansas City, 6 Ctii- 
cat'o. 6 Tennessee. « -W Virglnl:). S Indi- 
ana 4 Penna, 3 Buffalo, 3 Plttuburgh. 2 
Okl/ihoma. 1 Ohio. 1 N Carolina, 1 .New 
Jersey and 1 Michigan, containing 3951 
he:i.l ; 265 head trucked in. Total : Cnttle, 
4217 h.:id ; 453 calves, 683 sheep, 21 hogs. 

Steer* :^ 

noo.| to choice '^" ?'"S,}M!S 

Fair to po.Hl 8.50O10 00 

M.dluiii to fair '«"«' 5 50 

Common to medium 5.50W 7.00 

Gold to .hoice ?'2?f!l'55 

Medium to good il^ 

Common to medium V'S?^' M« 

Canners and cutters 1.756i3.50 

Oo«Hl to 'choice 11.75«?.t2.50 

Medium 11.00<i( 11.75 

Coninion 4.60O11.00 

IIOgHJ— . 

Heavyweights. 2O0-2.')0 lbs.... 14.75«i'15 50 

Mediumweighls, l.'.0-200 lbs... 13.75rr( 15.00 

LightwelgbU, 100-150 lbs 12.25013.75 

Rough stock 10.50012.26 

Hog* — Receipts, 160 head ; steady to 
Arm ; light to medium weights, $13.2S(i/ 
14.50; pigs, $14(114.25; heavy hogs, $14.30 
@14.90: roughs, $11.75(012.25. 


Feed — Quotations were as follows (all 
July shipments) : City bran, $32.50 ; mid- 
dlings, $34.50, nominal, in 100-lb sadts : 
western spring bran, prompt shipment, 
$32.23(1.33.10; standard middling. $34,230 
33.10; flour middling. $40.5O»i41; red dog, 
spot, $47. all in 100-lb sacks ; all-rail and 
lake-and-rail shipment; r>e middling, 
$34; white hominy feed, $42.75, all in 100- 
Ib sackH ; cottonseed meal. 36 |>er cent 
protein. $47.25; linseed oil meal, $50.25, in 
100-lb sacks. 

Hay and straw — Hay, large bales, tim- 
othy and light mixed : No 1. $25©26 ; No 
2, $23(;24 ; No 3, $19*^(21 ; sample. $10017. 
Straw, large bales, rye, $17()18; oat, $13 

«i rain— WHEAT, No 2 red, c I f, dom, 
$1.70; No 1 dark spring, c I f. dom. $1.77; 
No 2 hard winter, fob, export, $1.77 ; 
No 1 N Manitoba. In bond, f o b. export, 
$1.86>4 ; No 2 mixed durum, fob, export. 
|1.«9. CORN, No 2 yellow, $1.28; No 3 
yellow, $1.27; No 2 mixed. $1 27\i. OAT9. 
No 2 white, 67c; No 3 white. 65c; No • 
white, 54c ; ordinary white. clippe«l, 550 
67c; fancy white, clipped, 61«t«2c. RYE, 
c i f, export, $1.11»,. BARLEY, maltinfr. 
c i f, domestic, $1.08>«:r(( l.ll«i. 


T.fHtn — 35(t38c per dozen. 

Poultnr— Mens, live, 20<( 25c ; dressed. |1 
®2 ea ; springers, 65c4r$l each. 

Batter — Country, 50«i)55c ; separator, SO 

Vegrtablm — Potatoes. 10020c % pkj 
cabbage, 1*i8c hd ; lettuce, 10020c hd ; 
celery. SO 15c stalk; tomatoes, 508c ea i 
parsnips, 5r bch; carrots. 5c bch; onions. 
4(r5c bch; asparagus. 10012c hch ; soup 
beans. ISc pt : rhubarb, 5c bch ; turnips. 


Batter — Creamery, fancy, 43%044Hc; 
do, choi<-e, 42<'a43c; do, good, 40©41c; do, 
printn. 45*1 47c; do, blocks, 44046c; do, 
ladles. 34tt':!.5c ; do, M.aryland and Penna, 
rolls. 31«iS3c; Ohio, rolls, 31032c; store- 
packed. 30*1 31c; Md. Va and Penna, 
dairy prints, 31033c; proces butter, Z6ip 
31v lb. 

Ll»e Poaltry— .Chickens, old hens, 4% 
lbs and over, 280 29c; do, medium, 3%04 
lbs, smooth. 26(f( 27c ; do, smaller to rough 
and poor, 21«i'22c; Leghorns. 21 23c; old 
roosteis. 16c: springers, mixed, colored, 2 
lbs and over, 38c; do. I'.i<a2 Hm. :{.iw?(C; 
do, smaller, 306 32c: do. Leghorns and 
Minorcas, 2 lbs and over, 28©30c ; do 1% 
02 lbs, 25(((27c; do, smaller, 23(( 24c. 
Ducks, young, White Peklns. 3% lbs and 
over, 25c ; do. puddles. 24c ; do, Muscovy 
and mongrels, 23c ; smaller and poor, 20c ; 
do, old, as to quality, 15020c. Pigeons, 
young, as to size, pair, 25(i30c; do, old, 
pair, 25*1 30c. 


Cattle — Receipts, 1000 head. Compared 
with week go : Grain-fed steers scarce ; 
mostly 25O40O higher ; grassers In liberal 
supply. Northwestern movement getting 
under way ; extreme to|i for week $14.50 
paid for 114<-lb average, the highest 
price since 1920 ; 1535-lb averages, $14.30 ; 
best long yearlings upward to $14.25. 
Week's bulk prices follow : Warmed up 
and gr.aln-fed steers, $10.25013.50; grass 

steers. $7.7309.26 ; canners and cutters la 
©3.76* veal calves, $10.76©11.60 ; stock- 
ers and feeders, $6©7. 

Hogs — Receipts, 4000 head; mostly 15*„ 
85c lower than Friday's low point; 170 lb, 
and more. $13.66(iil3.90 ; top, $14; bulk Ho 
©160-lb selecUons, $13.25 13.50; 'few 
strong weight slaughter pigs. $1355 
down ; packing sows, largely $12.26©12.5o 

Sheep — Receipts, 2000 head. Compareti 
with week ago: Fat lambs, 75cO'$l lower^ 
yearling wethers around 60c. Bulk prices 
for week: Fat range lambs, $15015 75- 
fat natives. $14.26©15.26 ; culls, $iiei2' 
feeding lambs, $14.25©14.76 ; yearlin* 
wethers, tl2@13: fat ewes, $708.50. 


Boston, Jtily 17, 1925. 
Domestic, Ohio and Penna fleeces — D«. I 
laine, unwashed, 56037c; H-blood coinl)- 
ing, 54(>i55c; »,-blood combing, 53(i54c 
fine unwashed, 47048c. Michigan and New I 
York fleeces — Delaine, unwashed, 62053c'| 
%-blood combing. 51«i(52c: %-bIood conih^ 
ing, 62053c ; ^4-blood combing, 51(<.'>2c 
fine unwashed, 44©45c. Wisconsin, in^-l 
sourt and average New England — %-bloo4l 
combing, 49©50c: %-blood. 61052c; •i-l 
blood. 50 (J/ 51c. ' 


26, 1926 

Toledo. Ohio. July 18. 1925. 
Clover, cash. $16.75; October, $15. «o 
December, $14.76. Alsike, cash, nomin.ii , 
August, nominal; December, $12.40. Tim.! 
othy, cash. $3.70; September. $4; October I 
$3.80 bid. ' 


The prices below are for prompt shlr>-L 
ments based on payment on arrival ell 
cars as quoted by the Philadelphia jobT 
bing trade to retail feed dealers on Moo- 
dy. July 20. Quotations cover solid <;ir 
lots for delivery at Philadelphia or Scran- 
ton rate points. I 

Pure spring bran $| 

Spring bran 

Soft winter wheat bran snif 

Standard middlings 3{lt| 

Soft winter wheat middlings.. 38.76©4ii.( 

Flour middlings 4«.i 

Red dog Hour <7.i 

'\yhite hominy 43.00(i4i.( 

Uluten feed ' 45.41 

36 per cent cotton8ee<l meal... tV.Ht 

41 per cent cottonseed meal... 52.( 

43 per cent cottonseed meal . . . 54.( 

34 per cent linseed nu-ai i2.!l| 

For Baltimore, Cumberland and Will 
llamsport rate points, subtract 20c p«rl 
ton (for cottonseed meal 40c per t<.ii),| 
tor New York, Newark rate points, .idil 
40c per ton (for cottonseed meal 60c pcfl 
ton) ; for Woodbury. Bridgeton rattl 
points, add $1.00 per ton ; for Freeiiolil 
Toms River. Cape May rate points, 
$1.40 per ton. 

More Com and Wheat 

LARG£R coru and winter wheat] 
and rye crope but smaller oab 
white potatoes and tobacco croi>s anl 
in prospect for Pennsylvania farmT 
era this year, according to productioil 
forecast, based upon the July 1 coi>-| 
dition of these crops, from the Fed 
eral-State Cooperative Crop Report| 
ing Service, Department of Agricu 
ture, Harrisfburg. 

The corn crop thrived during tli beat of June, particularljl 
where the moisture was auffiriei] 
(or steady growth. Dven when tb 
mot^ture became slack the crop 
not show the elTecte of the short ag 
as quickly as did other crops. Tb 
acreage in corn is estimated at 
per cent more than a year ago. 
1,640.000 acres and the condition 
July 1 was placed at ninety per cei 
of normal wffich i.s seventeen pointi 
better tban on July 1. 1924. 

Comparison of Figures 
Based on this condition figure tb 
production of corn in Pennsylv.inl^ 
is forecasted at 73.800,000 buehcl.ii 
compared with 66,692.000 bu^^hdl 
one year ago and a flve-year av* rat 
production (1919-1923) of 70.29».i 
000 bu.ihels. The crop is reported 
thriving in the Corn Belt 8tat'-t= 
The winter wheat condition 
July 1 was estimated at eightfj 
six per cent of normal, the san 
as one year ago on July Ist. Tbl^ 
figure Is almost fxo points ?"• 
er than the ten-year arerage cond*| 
tion. The forecast of prodiirtW 
based upon the July 1 condition. «^ 
81,438,004 bushels as compared wil 
19.8S0,000 bushels one year ago an 
a flve-year average (1919-1923) 
23.888,000 bushels. 

The oats crop condition dcclin« 
thirteen per cent during Jane, ma 
Ing the condition eleven points 
low the ten-year average. The 
(luction forecast, based upon 
Jnly 1 condition. Is 34,205.000 bus* 
els or over 4,000,000 busheln l"'!''' 
tlie flve-year average productioti 

County News and Comment 

Pennsptvania Farmer 

(Continued from page 5) 

I tutting the strawberj' crop short. A large 
liiumber of farmers from the county visit- 
led State College on Farmers' Day. The 
Ictttle In Catharine Township will be test- 
led for tuberculosis the week of the sixtn. 
iFrult of all kinds scarce but in a few 
Iplaces there are a good many cherries. 
|\'eal calves are selling for 9c a lb. live 
Iv eight; eggs, 30c. — H. K. H., July 3. 

Centre Coanty, Pa, — Hay almost all 
di'..-ide in some parts of the county ; the 
Kvheat is cut Oats in head and looking 
tine. It is surprising how the corn has 
liept growing regardless of the cool 
/lights we have had. The percentage of 
ti-rtiie eggs has been above the average 
hiul young pf^uitry is doing well. Pota- 
iiea greatly helped by late rains. Health 
^ood. The state road up Bald Kagle Val- 
ley Is steadily advancing. On July 3 a 
Krew of men and one mixer poured 1324 
ieet of concrete which it is claimed Is 
pore than any one machine ever poured 
M one day. Farmers along the road are 
Ireatly Inconvenienced as they are not al- 
T>wed to cross the concrete for twenty -one 
■ays. Wheat, $1.65; com, $1.20; bucK- 
>heat, $1.10; ata, 50c; butter, 30c; eggs, 
be; lard, 20c lb. — A., July It. 

I Juniata ConnI), Pa. — The heav^- rain 
nich fell here last Saturday night chane- 

J June's deflilency in rHinfall to an ex- 
Iss of almost an inch and a half. July 
fcme In with u Detvml>er chill, the mer- 
ury fell to fifty-four degrees yesterday 
Jornlng. Wheat harvest In full swing. 
he crop being generally good. Some re- 
Jort a poor c-itcli of grass. Clover hay 

II n-.ade which was very short and rlpen- 
B early on account of the lack of moist- 
te. Oats Improving since the recent 
kins and indications point to a fair crop, 
brn and potatoes In a good thriving con- 
■ tlon. So potato bugs this year. Young 
Mckens being shipped to market at 40c 
er lb. Wheat. $1.75; corn, $1.30; oaU. 
Be; eggs. 3(>c ; butter, 40c; new potatoes. 

|:.25 bu.— C. B. L... July 2. 

Lawrenre Cosnty, Pa. — Harvesting 

ll-ely under way. Wheat In shock and 

letter crop than was expected. Clover hav 

r the barns did not make as lengthy 

Irowth as usual, but quite thick on the 

rround. Rye made a good growth and is 

ieing harvested on most farms before 

■>e timothy hay Is cut. Timothy hea>'>- 

Ind big acreage to handle. Com doing 

Ine. Potatoes coming on good and the 

karcity of bugs this year is a great re- 

ief to farmexs. Berries and small fruits 

»ot an average crop due to frosts and 

"Rter hot weather. New Castle, our coun- 

\ seat, celebrat<!d Its hundredth birthday 

from June 28th to July 4th. Thousandis 

Y visitors, many Interesting sights and 

yings. and best of all, not one arrest 

I'lrlng the week. Prosperous city. Oood 

H w enforcement. But'er retailing at 51c 

Jk-es, 40©45c.— M. t,. v.. July l.t. 

l.ebnnoa CoaDtr. Pa.— Rains of June 27 
Ind 28 were the heaviest of the season 
Tliey wen* ven' beneflrlal to the crojw 
[leather conditions for harvesting the 
v-<y crop were Ideal, with most of the 
rop in the bam: the quality is good to 
Wellent. Pastures improved after the Te- 
rm rains and the streams replenished 
liraifa for a second-crop growing nicely 
^'I appears to be a fair crop. Oats gen- 
r^lly appear to be good, but rather short 

I. r,'"V^. "•"'"''"''• ^'""y farmers have 
lartf-l to cut their wheat which look.* 
™,i :*, f«""^<"«""P- Corn growing rapldiv 

^.n cult Vi. ted for the last time. Most 
'ne potatoes sj.rayed at regular Inter- 

hn„..l l,cKs. si«rS6e: butter. 50'«55e. 
Iflk. ?.' rwt_p. L M.. June 2. 

MIfflli, Co.nty, Pa,— Had n fine rain 
p«erd.-.y which was much needed for th. 

t rtron^h* «T " ""'* "»""■* "" account 
M.« lf»i; ^''^"t.."" "'t "n<l mostly all 

aulln^'^ *'/""'* ''^'"« '•"'• S"'"" farmer. 
Bowing fnr .k'"'''""''^- '^-"'"'^ """*y '"'■ 
SnnW .1''* "*■" '■•"'«* •'•""P- Oats be- 

Ind.'^iJ . '"J*"'*' '" '«' n half crop. All 

fcble, n '"T''"' "^ "•■•"•'■«• 0«rden vege. 

Bee rtv,"' "'«"♦""' «"'' tnurb of the cab- 
learl ,1 ^ ^.^'^"'■'" '»^'"lfn»r and what does 
lotatn„. """'".'""' "' P'""" nuallty. New 

uofa^ronl*" ^ ^"""'^^ "' <'• '»•• ""rk.-t 
H a jGnfi"' •«'"": «'f" ncarce.- 

er; butter, 50@55c; veal calves, 12c; 
wheat. $1.70 ; oats, 70c ; corn, $1.50 ; mill 

it*« "f!°"' V"®. "i'™® : »"■»"• >* : gluten, 
»2^S ; oil meal, $2.76 ; dairy feeds, $2&2.C0. 
— c. N. D., June 30. 

oi.**?!**/ ^■»""*>' Pa—Speclmens of about 
all kinds of weather have been furnished 
us since May 25: snow, frost, electric 
storms, drought, hailstormjj, extreme heat 
and a small cyclone. Drought seriously 
injured the hay crop. Grain fields looking 
nne. Our county agent predicts a much 
f!r^<!fl «?■' .u' potatoes than was grown 
in 1924. Weather conditions favor blight 
An energetic campaign Is being waged 
against bovine tuberculosis. Several town- 
ships report ninety per cent of the farm- 
ers signed up for the test and the num- 

zlnnn ''r*^*^ **?"''• '^*'« «="""ty has about 
22.000 head and of those tested only two 
cows in four thousand re.ict We hope 
to have our county on the accredited area 
fl!L^"°»"-, *"¥•"»"" busy In the potato 
nelds. A few have sUrted haying.— M. C. 
"•I July 11. 

Lancaster's Tobacco 

THE available supply of 1923 
Pennsylvania tobacco still in 
the warehouses of Lancaster paclcers 
was greatly reduced thru the pur- 
chase last week by the American 
Cigar Company of 2400 cases of leaf 
from several Independents. 

With this bulk of tobacco off the 
market, the demand for the 1924 
crop should be very much brisker 
than was anticipated, which condi- 
tion, In turn, should serve to Influ- 
ence the prices that will be paid for 
the 1926 crop. The greatly improved 
conditions In the cigar business are 
also reflected In the heavy shipments 
of leaf which are being made by the 
local leaf departments of several na- 
tionally known cigar manufacturing 

Orowing: Crop Flooruhing 

The outlool( in the Pennsylvania 
market has improved decidedly dur- 
ing the past month, and at the pres- 
ent time is almost cheerful. 

The growing crop is coming along 
fine, with the help of timely rains 
and very favorable growing condi- 
tions. The crop at this writing is 
above normal In growth, and shows 
evidences of developing into high 
Quality leaf by harvest time. One 
grower. Enos Oehman. of Bird-in- 
Hand, has his crop topped already 
and has thirty-Inch leaves on his 

Announcement was made by Coun- 
ty Agent F. S. Bucher that plans are 
under way for the annual tour of In- 
spection to be held by the Lancaster 
County Tobacco Growers' Associa- 
tion. This is the gala event of the 
year in tobacco growing circles in 
this section. The 1925 tour will be 
staged on August 26th. 

A permanent organization of the 
Pennsylvania Tobacco Growers' Co- 
operative Association will be formed 
at a meeting of the Organization 
Committee with the members of the 
various township committees in the 
rooms of the Lancaster County Farm 
Bureau July 17th. Plan.s for the sign- 
up are rapidly coming to a head, and 
active work In the Held will follow 
the formation of the pernianent body. 

"harden Spot Farmer. 

The president shook his bead. 

"I can't." 


•"Cos when there was talk o* 
fetchln' one o' them craft out here 
afore I fought It an' made a report 
that they destroyed th' flahin' 
grounds. Ef I was to go back on 
that, th' fishermen 'ud hang me." 

The secretary mused for a minute. 

"1 have an idea," he said at last. 

"Spit it out!" 


"With Ben Anthony an' that 
young cub? Never!" 

The other smiled. 

"Captain! Ben's your wife's broth- 
er and Billy's your son. He's a smart 
lad and he's made good. His college 
training did that. It gave him a 
broader insight into things. It gave 
him a pull with people. He can talk 
intelligently. He understands condi- 
tions up west. He's scientific in his 
methods. Look how he fixed up the 
old Jennie Anthony! By shifting her 
ballast he made a new vessel out of 
her. He's a smart sallorman and can 
lick his wedght in wildcats. The fish- 
ermen all love him. He's a good 

The old man grunted. 
"You're getting old. captain. Tou 
should be knocking olf now and tak- 
ing it easy. Who's to take your place 
when you go? Nobody but Billy. You 
mlpht as well be sensible and live 
happily with your family for the rest 
of your life. Bllly'.s a good lad. He 
licked Hemsley and chased him out 
of the place. Hemsley — " 

"Yes, yes." growled Captain 
Stream. "Never mind about Hems- 
ley." Then almost plaintively he 
said, "D'ye think Ben an' Billy will 
come in with me?" 

"I think they may. captain." said 
the secretary thoughtfully. 'I'll try 
them anyway." 

"Don't let on that I sent ye. Jim.* 
cautioned the old man. "I won't 
knuckle under to either Ben or Bil- 

"No, no." answered the other. 
"Leave it to me. I'll fix it." 

The old fisherman lit up a cigar. 
"Jim." he said. "You fix up this 


amalgamation, an' I'll give ye a share 
In th' business, but, mind ye, don't 
let on to Ben or Billy that I sent ye." 

The meeting then adjourned. 

That evening, the secretary and 
manager of the Stream Fish Com- 
pany sat in Ben Anthony's parlor. 
Ben and Billy were present and ail 
three smoked cigars and laughed. 

"So you talked the dad around 
Jim?" said Billy. "Ain't he the proud 
old joker tho? He wouldn't give in 
to me even if he were dying. Weil, 
well, he's my dad, and I don't thinlc 
ill of him, tho he was a trifle severe 
on both Ben and me for a time. I'm 
glad you managed to talk him 
around. We don't want to be in com- 
petition if we can get along togeth- 
er, so you tell dad that we're willing 
to amalgamate." 

The meeting was held on the mor- 
row. Captain Stream, senior, was 
rather frigid at first, but the evident 
friendliness evinced by Ben and his 
son soon had him feeling good. The 
business was rapidly consummated. 

Ben Anthony was given full charge 
of the smoked-fish business and 
would manufacture in both smoke- 
houses as demand dictated. Billy was 
to take over both plants as general 
manager. Mr. James Dawson, the 
secretary, was given a share in the 
business and .supervision over the 
books and accounting with the-tltie 
of secretary - treasurer. Captain 
Stream would retain his position as 
president, but would take no active 
part in the concern. 

When the deal was concluded sat- 
isfactorily. Captain Stream puffed 
hard on his cigar. He cleared his 

"Ahem — Ben — Billy — me — er,* th' 
wife proposed ye come an' hev din- 
ner with us tonight. Maybe ye'll 

"Sure wo will!" cried Ben An- 
thony and Billy at once. 

"Oood! Jim! S'poee ye fetch out 
that bottle o' champagney water 
what's in th' safe. We'll hev a little 
touch to th' health o' th* noo Stream- 
Anthony Fish Company. Limited!" 
(The End) 

Our Weekly Cross Word Puzzle 

To SOLVE this puzzle, fill in the white squares with letters forming the 
words listed below. For example: 15 (down) is PLET8 and 24 
(across) is KORAN. You may begin anywhere In the puzzle. Tollow the 
(lefliiitions carefully and. by noting letters common to two words, you will 
soon have a clew to help you. The solution to this puzzle will appear in an 
early issue. 

iTverie mr.!?.^ ,"""'*' »*•— J""" rather 
tnmerafi.^.. *■ '*>' '"""t crops ; the high 
Wl do«Wv „ '*"" ♦"'f*' '*■'"'"" """♦" the 
lad wa. „^„ '"^■- Any rain that we hav. 
InMr^t^onrT.u"""'*''' •»■ electrical drm- 

{round l^l"?." •'""""P" At present the 

torn Ir^lZ ^•' "?♦■" ""'' «""'«' truck crops 

Ihout ^n I 'I'' ''"■ "''■ '^st time. Hav 

lut a irtti» k"^; " "■"'" "' ""^ luai'ty 

rndh..,. '"V- ^- practice of cuttlPK 

R r''a?or''V," "J ""•'' -^*'"" *" *^ ««'" 
Ind hilh , "f'' ''■''P' tf^n^rnUy scare.- 
l"s fiinv ^t """.'.V . f'herrles and raspber- 
|5r nV pL?'*""'"':. "«"'""« at from 10c to 

|"m^MI1 ^" .'%"?" "" considerable. Ap- 
Kor nri,t^,? fair crop but pesches have 

19. old. a««.tftr. j-oang a ,,^ g^„j, ^^^, 

Education of Billy Stream 

(Continued from pasre 11) 
son plans on getting an English 
steam-trawler out." 

"What?" shrieked the old man. "A 
steam-trawler! He can't buy one. He 
hasn't the money." 

"He won't. He'll charter it and 
buy the fish." 

"He mustn't attempt it. He'll have 
all the fishermen up in arms. 'Sides 
that, he'll spile our market. These 
craft'll bring in when we can't, 
an' ef he gits to supplyin' the in- 
land dealers regularly, they'll cut 
us out." 

"There's only one thing to do." 

"What's that?" 
"Got one yourself I" 

1. A pipe to carry off surface water 
fi. A bullock 

11. Letters standing for "which was to 
lif demonstrated" 
1;;. The unit of decimal measure 
14. A ^rain 

16. LK>ng ton, abbreviation 
\H To v»x 

20. Colloquial term for raised railroad 

21. Temporary structures made of board 
or canvas 

22. Not acute, gre.-iter than a right angle 
2;!. Upon ^ 

24. The Mohammedan sacred book 

27. Liquid measure, abbreviation 

28. To weary 
30. Stout 

ni. Bxlst 

X?,. A boundary consisting of posts, wire, 
:!». Internal 


2. Kiiual, abbreviation 

3. Toward the setting sun 

4. Kxtra duty, abbreviation 

5. Situated midway between two ex- 

7. tTnto 

S. Toward the riaiag sun 

». French for "anr' 

10. The Joint between upper arm and 

12. Measure of weight abbreviation 

13. The negative answer 

15. Birch-rods used in Russian prisons 

17. Usual unit of measure for buying 
hay. coal. etc. 

18. To Inquire 

»3. Yunaer, pucUi- furni 
20. Title applied to professional men. 
justices of the peace, abbreviation 

25. Belonging to 

26. Near, close by 

28. Letters standing for Latin words 
meaning "that Is" 

29. Knightit of Columbus, abbreviation 
31. Indefinite article, part of si*ech 
33. Engineering degree, abbreviation 




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Vennsylvania Farmer 


July 26, If 



Staff Contributor and Adviser 

,Bead o( the Department of Dairy Hanbiuvlry 
Prnijiyh'uiiu State Collrtic 

Let Your Animals Answer 

It is probably getting coarse and tough 
— barely fit to keep your animals going. 
If your cows, steers and hogs could talk 
chey would say "give us grain." 

'^es, they want the best of all grain — corn. 
They want and they need the best part of com 
to make meat and milk. That's Corn GluU-n Feed. 

It you are one of the many dainmen who are 
this year feeding Com Gluten Feed, your cows 
are going through the Summer in fine shape. They 
uill make money for you next W inter. 

If you ha\c not fed a Com Gluten Feed mix- 
ture w ith your pasture you should start now or 
you will ha\e some good cows go dry several 
months too soon. 

Com Gluten Feed is a rich feed at a low price It is 
the best protciri yoiJ can buy and the cheapest because it 
IS 8t>'f, digestible and the most easily convertible by the 
animal. ^ 

Get Corn Gluten Feed from your dealer for your home 
mixed ration. 11 you are buying a ready mixJd feed K 
sure that it contains a liberal proportion of Com Gluten 

W rite for Bulletin No. i and tell us your feeding prob- 
lems. W e will help you solve them. 

Associated Corn Products Manufacturerg 

Feed Retearch Department 
Hugh G. Van Felt, Dirmclor 

208 South La Salle St., Chicago. Ill, 

A Note of Opposition to Tuberculin Testing 




The h.^y crop i^ 15,000.000 TONS SHORT of 
last year and 11,000.000 TONS SHORT of the 
average for the last five years. 

Will pay for itself this winter by saving yoir 
hay find high priced mill feeds. 

SAVE your feed. 

SAVE the freight. 

SAVE agents* commissions. 

Write today for catalog, prices and TERMS. 

Manufactured by 


Masaillon, Ohio 

Silo-ROSS-Ensilage Cutter 

Jt*V,/""';"" '"'■rrwr pontenr Ro.=s METAL 

iv-ifi";!, ;"'""" ""'' "•"' '••'' fii"!'!'' Hoss ' 

1..NMI A(tl <i TTi:n i!D«*rr ivory rniiulrf^ 

mpiit 01 the ijiridi ni tMi-iin*"" fnriii<T. 

Ko oth»r cufHTjhM Uossjcotwini'-ilon Jif- 


Rlx llira all low iqmN]. 

5 "^".t '"I'll' '«•■ Pntnlof aiMl niHF.CT- 
Tfi-Vor PnoPoMlTKix 



■M Warder S^g| EK.blM,«l Igno Sprintfidd. Ohio 


^VC Best for 2.< Years— Best Now. mgh- 

■ ■|3 *^* Grade of Material and Work- 

MM manship. Made from the Onturies 

^^ old r;cnuine Yt-IIow Dnuijlas F r. The 

only silo on which you can ftet those fi.mous 


Provide now for Winter Insurance against Ihe lost of the H«y Crvp. 

Irternational Silo Co.. Dept. 14. Meadville, P«. 

ffcase Mention PeniMylvania Farmer When Writing to Advertiser! 

LAST winttr. when we were mak- 
ing the campaign for adequate 
appropriations for the ellnilnittion of 
pests and animal diseases we received 
one letter and only one. criticising 
o'lr activities and condemning the 
work of te-^ting out and el.'minating 
(il.*^'ased caiilf. \pw we have another 
letter from a different man but liv- 
ing in the same county as the writer 
of the first one. We are in no ways 
affected by the insinuations he 
makes, as our only purpose in back- 
ing the move is to save the dairy 
business from what is sure to be a 
calamity when tRe consuming public 
puts Into effect what It is now de- 
vising. Are Mr. Thompson*." senti- 
:nent.s general among dairymen? — 

Editors PennsyKania Farmer: — 
I see by your paper twenty doc- 
tors win start today in a dozen coun- 
ties to test the cows. The requests 
ior inspection on the area 'basis are 
the most extensive known and there 
)iits been a notable increase in the 
individual requfst. Now, this is all 
a lie. The farmers' will not have 
their cows tested if they have any 
brains. Of course. I know tliere are 
a lot of loafers who would likt- to 
get a pull at th. niHlion dollars. Out 
in Ohio, in one county, 1200 farmers 
iigned a petition to the county com- 
mi8.«ioners to'stop the county agent's 
snlary for the part he took in the 
matter, and L must tell you. if you 
don't know it, you will lose the sale 

of your paper for the part you art! 

It is done for the interest of catt— 
breeders to .sell their cows at a hlrt| 
price and demoralize the milk mar-l 
ket for the benefit of large dealer»| 
To listen to the county agents thcl 
farmers are falling over each otherl 
to have it done. 1 don't know of J 
farmer who would be such a fool 
to have his cattle ruined for to s^ 
his milk for tour cents a quart whej 
the state college claims it costi 
twelve cents to produce it. 

Of course the Inter-State Milk Pro 
ducers' Asaociat/lon. not the member 
but the officers who elect themselve^ 
are in favor of it. Now, I ask you b 
give thl.s room in your paper as thli 
is the first time I have asked you foi 
a favor. — J. H. Thompson, Downing 
town. Pa., July 13, 1925. 

Must Register Fertilize 

rr* HERE is a state law in PennsylJ 
1 vania requiring all brands 
fertilizer to be registered. This in 
elude.-? fertilizers sold by. cooperaj 
tlve organizations as well as the 
handled by private dealers. Jano 
W. Kellogg, chief chemist of thj 
Bureau of Foods and Chemistry tl 
Harrls»burg. advises all cooperatiya 
and dealers to be sure their fertlli* 
er brands are properly registered 
fore entering Into contracts wit] 
manufacturers. — W. 

Chester Hereford Field Day 

ANOTHER convincing evidence of 
the trend towards the revival of 
beef production In the East, paitii- 
tilarly Penns.vlvania. Is the f.ict that 
fully 500 farmer.^ and livestock men 
sidestepped their corn plowing and 
haymaking for t.n« whol* day to at- 
tend the Second Annual Hereford 
Field Day h. Id recently at the Buck 
und Doe Run Valley Farms near 
Coatesville in Chester County. 

And at no other place In all the 
East could .«tirh a nirt-ting of beef 
producers have been staged more ef- 
fectively, for Buck and Doe Run 
Valley Farms have a real story to 
I i-ll and many things of Interest to 
I show their visitor.". Situated be- 
I iw.en Phlladflphia and Lancaster in 
t f ne of the rirhe«t grazing sections of 
' Pennsylvania nni! with th*- great cat- 
j le feediuK sedlon comprising Lan- 
f^ister, Lebanon. Berks, Dauphin, 
i Cumberland, Adams and York Coun- 
ties near at hand, this establishment 
, PTves both as a (Uinonstratlon of 
good production m«-ih«'ds and a 
Kource of good seed stork. 

A Great Herd Sire 

MacMillan Hoopes, who prtsldes 
over the destiny' of the?e farms, call- 
ta ikv assemblage lo ord^r. extended 
a cordial welcome and proceeded to 
outline the breeding program being 
followed. This discussion was very 
practical in Its nature and was force- 
fully illustratpd by a wonderful dis- 
play of the great breeding hull and 
Iurd she, Woodford G.Ttfi. and ten of 
his get. On very few. If any, of the 
great Hereford breeding* farms of 
America ran such a sire be shown 
with ten of his get of such uniform- 
ity of type and such character and 
quality. This display of the get of 
Woodford 65th furnished a striking 
illustration of the saying "Blood 

tells." and afTorded one of the out-| 
standing lessons of the entire pro 

gi um. 

Judging and Calf Club Work 

.Mr. Casey," of the Wilmington Pr» 
vi.xion Company, read a carefu 
prepared paper on the oppdrtumtta 
for beef production in the Ea 
Then tollowerl F. L. Bentley. pn 
fessor of animal husbandry at tl 
Pennsylvania State College and 
tary of the State Hereford Brei .ler 
Association, who di.scussed the e» 
pi'iiiiiental work being done at tl 
Experiment Station with the be 
cattle. B. F. (Tommy) Wilson, til 
llve-tofk nianager of Buck and 
Hun Valley Farm.s. then had t» 
show herd brought out. lyhlle tk 
crowd Inspected and admired tl 
group, "Tommy" announced tl 
name of each iinimal, recited it- pr 
vious show rerord and told in wlii 
class it would show this year. H^a* 
Ing this held was Beau Blanc Vinaf 
43d looking fit as a fiddle and r»>«4 
to put up Ihe greatest Ibattle of M 
life for showing honors. 

The crowd took lots of interest 
the judging demonstration conduct* 
by T. O. Patterson, manager of tl> 
R. J. (^unningham herd at Green* 
burg. Pa. Walter Wood, a farmer aii^ 
cattle feeder of the community, tall 
ed briefly on the value of calf do 
work. Mr. Wood has two sons in tl 
local club which sold their calves i 
the recent Lancaster Fat Stock Sh« 
for an average price of $14.87 

Much credit Is due Messn 
Pont. Hnopes and Wilson for op- nin 
their gates to the public In ?"«''' 
generous manner and It was uiisW 
mouRly agreed that this year'* fl* 
day eclipsed the previous one 
every way. — P. T. B. 


















rtfarmcc. IUil<^ lite arrlial BlurautiMd. I*trcvl 
{•r<-pftid. Order dlrwc from this ad. or write 
liiirial prion oa SOO und 1.000 lou. Chtrry Hill 
Vry Farm. WM. NACE. MoAIUtanllle. F*. 


Iluif and White L««honu 

H lliK-lu 

.OU— 100 
12.U0— 100 
lO.OO— 100 

; 8.0O— leo 

,1 rnr less than 100 loU. 100% Hie delhwy 
iil..'il. -VU p>Jd rliirKs, 
8 NIEM0N9. Box S, M«Allit<iv<ll«, Pa. 


liM.I i..ur uidi-r. <•• thia C. 0. 0. and oumatM 

lid 100% ill* dfll«-iy u< itufdy. aurtlirtd cLldu 
T hfiiJIliy br»d lo lay Ii.Mk.-. \Mi. l.enlwnu. He; 
kiilT U-khorin. Ajif.nas. 0<' : Hd.lU>cka. Wh. Kwlw. 
llt.iU dhic; Burt luwlta. Buff Oriw .Wh. Wyaud . 
I.Mlnomil 11''. Mifd, "f. !«'- t>f I'M hjn mO 
' SllVtr Lako Halc h.ry.Box PA.SilYor Lak..lBd. 

iMJiMid Beef Scrap 


•ntolldited By-Product Co.. Stock Yorda, Phil*. 


Iwhiie and BuiT l..-i;li.iiu.s IS .W ft IM: Bjrrod 

TO.iW vt I'l": lU-ii.. Ili> iW vrr 100; Hwry 

J8.00 wr ino: U«ht Mii.<L H.OO Mr 100. 



[■8 i»> .-'ii.ti .Ni'Mf IfUrr. llO.iO — 
tS.M — 50. .<.'! oo- W. Sunns chix, proapt 
and «»U»footl"n cuarantrad. 
KLINE. Box SO, MiddlecrMk. Pk. 

Cfl Ji Card brinns Uwm. Per 100: 
, W. Vt \vh.. Br. Irf«h..rn», AnomiaH, 
.Mlnoniji. nrd>. B'd 4k Wb. Rorlu. tlO; 
}■< We hAtih until Sft*- Order now. 

liiinn <ni.irai!i>-«l. Bknk r ef eiwwa. Ja*. I. 
f Bnnr Sorlngt. Pi. 

DAY-OLD CHICKS weekb'. turko>Fi. durka. 
.:uln('a4. banum-4, haren, oolUw. atook. cua 
Icatalnu. Pioneer Farma. Tolford, Pa. 


Bst in an English Shepherd Pnp 

^iiii: d>.( that vill B.'uii (et tha omra. Ortt wid 
u'lth ctHinue <•■< drive at the hevls all kind* 
>rk W. W. NORTON. Otdaukan. N. Y. 

ItJiCoUiePiipt a:.::; 

ra Ana Utter. F. 
vaaoll. Box M, 
Waktman. Ohio, 

lORECD COLLie PUPS— Tha kandJoiM Md la- 
Mt kind. Alao. Pox Terriora. . 

>0N KENNELS. BM No. 37, SiM* City. Pa. 

IIGREED COLLIE PUPS— IWauUiMI. intrlliuent. 

quailt)'. Suijvfi'ir bre*Hlin«. Sif-rtal liafKains In 

|lci tlO rnHi. Pluntmer McCullouih, Mercer, Pa. 

KT DANE PUPPIES r<'r sale. Purrbred ^mk. 
raivd. PAUL LCAMAN. Bird !■ Hand. 
itttr County. Pa. 

>CS WANTED J,%f«"j;^«« 

Georfio Sordon. R. O. No. I, Boonton. N. J. 

BLOODED PIT BULL, tanalt and 6 pup* 
ale. From legbtond dog. 


LIE PUPPIES, (tie belter aort. Illucrated rirrailar 
Clovernook Kennela. Chtmbcraburt. Pa. 


RNSEYS— (iU'-niHey hull* of taahioiuihlo hreedlnit 

A R. and uiin^'cd dama. Fi rt-ral An'rr<1lt<'d 

Pno-x and p-<lliireM on apilinatinn. Willow 

Farmi Co.. ChunihvHIt. Bucka County. Pa. 


ri i:i; — iiKOlsTKiiKK 
CREEK FARM. R. D. 2. 8li»»rry Rock. P*. 

eUERNSFY BULLS~Te«rlin( aerrin) buil! 
»Ko liiM I.!' Mar «•«« Strain. 


I SALE- 100 I'lire bred H'ttbeln*, freah siirlm-en 
faU -v,,, h. ir.P. and hulli. J. C. REAGAN, 
S»ot rarn. Tally, N. V. 

f^EEN. ANGUS— The r-eat Ixef hre-d. Unn \h 
."•."' .!"''■"''"•'■ '"i""> 'i-h with!ratlnn 
J. S. M»r»e. Levanna on Ckyuta. N, V. 


I ol'l. i'tH<f,.:i!l\ |.iiri- liri'il, J-.'imn ,,,-||. rrat.'.| 
pliiiM.ij' Edtnaood Farmt. Whitewater. Wii«. 


^OolTraJJ^f • . 1*TURe STOCK. PIGS. 
IfOOD FARMS. P. 0. Box IS. Bradford. N. Y. 

»TER WMITES-Bred Sows. St.r'. 
SULm^V ^'niii'i! hluodlln."!. PUSEY CLO'UD. 
Pland Farm. Ktnnett Stiiiaro. Pa. 

Sows. Sprinit nlT«. 

llity DtirOOS f.Pf'"* J"'**- Bred or op.^ jUta. 
SAUFLCY. f»>rfM4n^.Wi^iM».n, P.. 

Pennsylvania Farmer 

ConducUd ky W. e. Fair. V. S. 

AdTioo Uim thia dopartinent la froo to our 
aubacrlbera. Each comniiuiioAtlon aliould atAto 
nijton and •yiiiptatu of Ihe cane In full; slao 

»in 11'"* Kr,**. ^*!S; "^ *■■""• In'U*!--' only 
""■ >» PublLnhed. Wo cannot make replr by 
mill. Ttiln i.< (,ne of th» most laluable oolumna 
. u •>•';«'. »■«! "« lnrH« readers to m^ke m» 
or It ( llpplnira from ti.U column, when nroD- 
orlr prts-rved and daaaitled. mako ona of the 
mow valualiio medicsl ayupoaluuu a rarmnr- 
•tockman can obtain. ■••«»•! 

test was in charge of Prof. JJ. B. 

Fltts, of Pena.sylvanla State College. 
Six counties were repreaeoteit iby the 
Guernsey enthuaiasts attMuUsg the 
meeting and picnic — J. 

Ideal Feed for Cows 

DASTURB provides ideal feed for 
•■• dairy cows. It contains in prop- 
er proportion all the elements neces- 
sary in millc production. It is nutri- 
tious, it is palatable and it is suc- 
culent. Cows thrive on pasture if it 
is abundant, milk production is in- 
creased and an improved physical 
condition is often evident. 

Unfortunately the period of abun- 


-r-I have a Jersey heifer seventeen 

months old, which I am anxious to 

■breed, but she has never been in 

heat. She is a good size and seem- - 

ingly in perfect health. Kindly tell ^^^^ pasture is usually very short. 

me what I can do for her? — W. M., The first dry hot spell checks Its 

growth and late summer usually 
finds the feed in pastures very 
scanty. Many dairymen rely too much 
on pastures and so suffer a seclous 
falling off in milk yield as summer 
progresses. This falling off in milk 
yield is often attributed to "hot 
weather and flies" but in most cases 
It Is due to the simple fact that the 
cows are not getting enough to eat. 
Abundant feed is necessary thru- 
out the entire year. Green crops 
such as oats, oats and peas, clover, 
alfalfa, soy beans and corn should be 
provided to supplement the pastures 
as they get short or the cows should 

Everett. Pa. If she is a twin, or has 
male brother, she will perhaps never 
come In heat, or breed. Flushing her 
with warm (not hot) water once or 
twice a day might induce her to come 
in heat. Rather uncertain results fol- 
low treatment of such cases; how- 
ever, IX you care to chance the ex- 
pense, try giving her vetol tablets. 
They are sold for veterinary use and 
contain yohimbine hydrochloride. 
Treatment should be begun with the 
smaller doses tw-'ce daily and grad- 
ually increa.aed until the desired ef- 
fect is produced. 

SLIMY MILK.— I have a cow that 
freshened in April, the last three 

weeks the milk from one quarter has be given regular feeds of hay, silage 
been slimy. Occasionally one quarter or grain. — E. B. P. 
of udder Is hard, but by next milking 
time it Is soft. Most of the sWme is 
found In the separator. This same 
cow gave stringy milk last summer. 
She is heavy milker, never had gar- 
get at calving time. — W. A. T.. Cur- 
wensvllle. Pa. Slimy or ropy milk l.s 
caused by germs that get into the 
milk after It has been drawn from 
the cow. However, this cow mny 
have an Infected udder. Give htr a 
teaspoonful of hypostilphlte of soda 
at dose in feed or In drinking wattr 
twice n day. The udder of cow ^nd 

Kiwanis Club 

MEaiBBRS of the State College 
Kiwanis Club are taking a 
more active interest in local agricul- 
tural affairs largely as a re^jult of an 
a.ldress made by R. R. Welch, of 
Grove City, who was formerly in 
charge of the dairy extension activl- 
^ ties of the Pennsylvania State Col- 

mllklng utensils should be made i^^ry '^Be. Speaking to the members of the 
clpan and kept so. Cows when al- club who were entertaining a hum- 
lowed to wade In pond or river may her of farmers from the vicinity sur- 
become Infected and the germs drop rounding the College, Mr, Welch em- 

phasiEfd the advantages resulting 
from the cooperation of the busines.s 
men with flie farmers of the com- 

Since the agricultural meeting the 
Kiwanis members have sponsored the 
organization of the State College Po- 
tato Club compo.sed of sixteen farm 
boys and have supplied them with 
dlsease-freo seed potatoes. This fall 
each of the potato club m'-mbers will 
return to the sponsors a quantity of 
potatoes eqilal In value to the 
amount of seed received. 

Increased interest in purebred 
dalrv catMe a—ons the farmers, 
resulted from the meeting. — A. L. B. 

Into bucket at milking time. 

two cows fiiiir and eleven years, both 
have bunches In throat, also breathe 
with much effort and make a snoring 
noise; also cough and choke. Both of 
them ser-m to have same ailment. — ■ 
T. C. Ryde. Pa. It would not hp a 
mistake to havp them tuberciilii) 
tested, their symptoms are somewhat 
su.spic'ous and both may react to the 
tuberculin tost. Clip hair off bunches 
and apply one part red Iodide of mer- 
cury and Ave p.irts lard once everv 
week or ten days. 

BLOODY MILK. — We have a cow 
about to frf'.-=hen which milks »om»» 
blood from one of her teats. — J. C.. 
Mt. Royal, N. J. Cautiously milk 
her. apply cold water to affected 
quarter after each milking. Remove 
the cause, if possihi.'. 

-^ ''5M"lf,."".»E'"<SHiRB sow pios a to 

'. McSPA^Vn'"* ""-« •«" ^"/; :. 



»TeR WHITB AND 0. I. C. PIBB-4 «»k. nM 

I. i«(^i:t oifl j7 ^„ "• •• ^ rtu9—9 wo«t old. 

8 DAIRY PADai ' ........ -. 



*lease Mention Pennsyl- 
vania Farmer When 
Writing to Advertisers. 

The Untested Cow 

I"* HE trial by Jury of an untested 
cow was a novel feature arrang- 
ed in connection with the innual 
meeting and ba.«k»f p'cnic of the 
Central Pennsylvania Guernsey 
Bleeders' Associaiion, htld on the 
Hartslo'^ Farm, near Alexandrt.n, 
Huntingdon County. June 27. This 
unique proceeding is something new 
In ••trial''." Tho scrub bull ca.^.- has 
been h.ard ninny times at picnics 
and other gatherings of breeders and 
now we have the untested cow com- 
ing in for her share of convictions. 
In the above case. th» Jury found the 
row guilty of bMng of doubtful 
profit to the members of the associa- 

In the judging contest, another 
feature of the program. Mrs. R. C. 

Need Vets Now 

THE number of veterinary students 
is hut two per cent of what It 
was befor- the war. while the number 
of animal.'^ has increased. Even more 
have the opportunities for veterin- 
arians to specialize in different lines 
of work Increased. These now Include 
general practice, federal In- 
spection, officers in the veterinary 
corps of the U. S. Army, municipal, 
dairy, food, and meat inspection, and 
state and federal livestock sanitary 
work. Veterlnarlaas for I.nree pack- 
ers and city boards of health are also 
In demand. — M. O. F. 


Our Readers* Classified 
Advertising Department 

A maxket plaoo to buy or sell at little txxMOM, 
Over 8S.O00 farm faniillM read Pauvlrari* 
Ifamwr orery week. Itate 6 cento a word eaoh 
for one. two or threo consocutire weokir hMV 
Uaw: S c««U a word aoch fo* foui or oiaro 
Inaertiona. Count eacb Dumber and initial and 
■end cMta rith order. Ordera. disrnntlnuanooi or 
chaogcs of copy niuat reach ua In Wedneadaj of 
week preceding data of Issuo. All adiirtuemenU 
sot In uniform stylo, tut dUplay tyi>e or illiutra- 
Mins. Poultry advertLilna may run hero, but If 
displayed or lllu^trolion* used mu>t run in dis- 
play advertlilnit i^ilntnns at coninieroiAl advoT' 
tislni raU (SS aenta per a.(ato llnel. Uveatoek 
adTortlaiiv not acctmed In thia 1- 1 -rtniwt 
Mlnimam, Ton Wordo. 

Stnd ail ardmr* lo 

Pannaylvania Farmar 

261 S. Third St.. Philadelphia 


BABY CHICKS— 25. 50. 100 loU. RmU. ».; 25. 
JU; Rocks. S3. 15.50, JIO; W. Leshorna. iiJS, Ui 

I? =«*''^'^. "'*•<'■ »*"•• M.50. $8: LiBht iSxS 
»J.18, tl, $7. Kreo raiue. " — "" ■ 
anteed. CirouJtr froo. W, 
villt. Pa. 

100% live arriyal ■bm>- 
A. Lau«K, McAlbSfk 

500 HIGH OUALITY Bred-to-Uf White Lenlwa 
'■'."tJ!;^'* '^^^ world's liwt U.vlng straias. The i5lS 
of 3000 aaj-ly himhed for Immediate deUreri- u UN 
«M^ tb A doi. Slaty Rldfo Form. Box 5, AayiZ 

QUALITY CHICKS-Pojtpald. 100 Leghwu.. U>m 
aswrted t». Kih-Jij. it.ds, Anconaa. JIO, Orp., WiT 
Ur Lt- _Brahmas. 115. Aa.sort, }7, CatAloi^ 
Wlawuri Poultry farma. Co lumbia. Miiaouri. 

?^"i.'**»J'^ "'' '^- ^- ^- ^"'•^i- «<■*. I.evroma kad 
MUed. loth year. 100^0 delivio' imaranto«l. Pan- 
phlet. C, m. Lauvar, Box 43. McAliaterfille. P«. 

POLLKTS— llarrcd Kack«. thnroui:hhred. 10 woota 
Jl.OO: 20 ir«-ka 11..';.). O. Routxabo. Aapara. Pfc 

S. C. WHITE LEGHORNS, baby oUrka lOo. H 
Aukaf, Livaroool. Pa. 


".^f^'".".*"" PLUMBING-l »tU furnish and !■■ 
atau s bot air. steam or hot water h.-atin« srtum 
m rour oovna m Arst olaaa marmor at the lowMt 
i.wuble prire on nwuUUj i>aviiK.nt plan. IMiunbi^ 
and water sv^t.-ms. Kipert sen ire. Send pUn a( 
your lunue with dimenalons, Tboa. C. Toaaue. IM 
Bnwkwood St,. Eait Ora n»«, nTj. '—*'^ '*• 

FREE TRIP TO CALIFORNIA-Oot three good r»- 
.-pon>ible tanners to go with you to inai»<-t CallfomlA 
^Uteapprored Linda. Opportnnifv for ono food maa 
In each comnjunity to Join lantot Und HUlnx oraaa- 
nation in U. S. Write for dilalU. " «^••■- 

1197 Transeertatian Bldg.. Chleaaa, 

Harman Jaa« 

Jby garlln and cheat out of wheat An air blui d,« 
tbe work. No sieves to rl.vj or nist. Lm seed p* 
a. lo ana liettir croia. Write for rlrcular and prt-'ea. 
Buekwaltar Suotly Co., 40 S, Queen «t, LinSItS^ 

ROOFINO-nemnanU. smooth surface 1 ply, tSet 
Wre^iKt & SaJ«aM Ciw. 477 Waldsa A»»! aJVal? 

We ■• 

tnii, 1*,k''J^"I? Harrest.T. i>oor mans price— only 
125 00 With bundle IMni attarliment. Free raisl.w 
sh.TO-ing iM' turcj of hanifctor. Box 52», Sailaa. Kana. 

FARM DITCH OIGGER-jiuild i.ur ...rn Fv par- 

BIG DELCO PLANT, cost »li:0O. Ilrst class condiUea. 
Prioe HM. W. Hlllpot, FrencHtewa. M. J. 

WILL BUY Dairymen'! I.e^i.-ue rertiflcat 
delrtedn^as. Box 64. Chemung, N. Y, 

m of h- 


CABBAGE. raiUlflow.T. Hni.»cl, Si.r>.ut« and Celery 
1 lants; ,1.(iiM>.o.«) cjhha.'" plants llimdy .Nnwi I>anlsli 
BallhiAd. Cop<'nhak'(!n Market. Thikhoiren dorr, AD 
Head E«rh, Sun-esilnn. Wakeddd. Early Summer 
E.srlv and' FUt Dur'-h, .Surrbead, ,Sav..v, Ili'd 
S.^'*" »"'• ""• K(«-k. All re-riK^ed »2 no ,. r 100)1 
6000— I!) «t>; So.!— <i :;5. i.f.o.i,o(io CaiUIOower (An 
re-Mot.-.|l. ,'.snie sfnlus a.s List venr 14 5i> ler lOOU- 
500O-«0,0O: SCO— f 2.50. lOOO.OOO Celery PUnl. (Readi 
Nml »;..l.l.-n .-^..If lilai.,,.,,1,. (K„.n'h .•*.,". SSJ 
Blanohin..-, (iolden Heart. Winter <)ueen. Giant Paa- 
••al and Wliiu- Plume. J.l.oo i»-r IfirtO. tv-rm>ied J.1 50 
r-r li".n. :no i..,n Bni-.-els Spmuts PlanM, U»i( 

inland Iniprnv.*! 

. . — - ._...'., Lone 
.n . . „ ^-^- '" '"•■ '"""■ Send for fn-e list at 

CELERY PLANT8-\M„., VUxmt. .jmOe,, ,s,lr, ,,,.„; 
rll"'jl '...^"JV 'i'"'"'''"."' "■'"'"• Queen, strong idauu. 

CABBAGE PLANT8-Danl>h IU.,n,a Head. Green 
Kile. lini-,eU HvP'Uts. <I no p,.r snQ- at sa ^S 
I'-fl, J, C. Milcl>el1, Wyekoff. M. ). ' '^ 

r«!^o.'-'T w':*S-?:S.S..n'^,!k"[?„".'»v2."""- " "^ 


WANTED— Two .sln.le w..ii„>n. nud.llB ai,-e<l to 
a<« and owk for h.>i«i wIlto single men are 
on farm. Prlrate aiwrtment with bed rooms 
nom and b.iih. all CMii-nlfui*. n.TTn«iu-ni h.wi 
wa;es for c.v,k. ,',n ,„) f„r i^^Cn™" nJfeS^ 
r-iuire.L In-iuiro Laurel Locks Farms. Poftstowa. I 

!i^ S-iLfS.*"^^^"?. »'*"*T-»lo to nn 
PVMK. Frelgbt preratd. Exrlusho lerrlt.>r\ Salaa 
■,.',''•■■ •■'''■•'■ •"!" "Utm. We deliver and i»lla& 
I.xi .•rlrtii-.- uiin.rwsan-. Xo caplul nerd.-.|. WrUa 

Her>>'s the .story a.-< we heard it. It 
ma.v not he true, hut those in posi- 
tion fo know vouch for Its accuracy. 

Two women recently staged a bat- 
tle in the Hyannis Port post office. 
A gentleman stepped up to part 
them, when out rushed Captain Phin- 

tiey, the diernlfied pa-^tmaster, and in- 
Blaney, of Centre County, proved to sisted that they be not disturhpd. 
be the best Judg:e. A larg'e number "Don't you see that .Mg^n over 
of the prominent dairy cattle breed- there," he a.^ked; and pointed to 
.v-f of the f'rctloTi were present and this: "Letter Box." — Postmasters' 
took part in tffU contest. The con- Advocate. 


J^^ ."""■'■"*''"''■ V- •""''•'■' '">• ""■-■' M.Mif.i.^r«r 
'lir<K-» to n,.,ii«. \„ ..,,i,,i „, „,„_„,_ . ,..,„. 

tlen. 507 Brnadway, New Yerlt. 

WANTED— ,*8in;le ni.n ij^neral farm v.tti. waaM 
J.Wno per monrh, iK.»rd. r'-im and wa-liing. Annlr 
Laerel Lo<*s Farms, Pottstowa. Pa. •'wa 


HOMESPUN TOBACCO— I'he.lnrf. f>e |i,.an.H tl 90- 
t<-n. f2.%it; «ninkl"i,'. five i>min(l«. »1 ;-■ i.-n fi 0|- 
plpo fr.'.' p«v wh, n r-.-ired. saihfartinn niaranteed.' 
Co-»»"««»» Tobacco Growers, Maxena Mill. Km- 

HOMESPUN TOBACCO: Ihewins: 5 ll« U '.0- I»-l 

«:;...l>. Siiinlii..: - .-I J-,: i.i-ji MtM: i,i .<| u 
Pay when r-.'elt.,i F. Oueton. BardweM. Ky. 


FARM-ino a<-r.-« fn <tjit.- l)i.h.,,iy E.i.lAm i^hota, 
-Manland. I'j mile- fr.m Ki'nned.nilJ?, railrana. 
ohwrtoe. and srbn„i,. 14 „„„ ,^„„ ,;«i,^JSJ 
« hP^p,i«ke Bay. Vvn Imm land f»r farmlmt Oeak 
LiUldin.-,, c.ionlal htlck hou«. m,li t^'SSi. i^ 
•Iratnwo stream "f w«t"r In wen fl,|,( n- fE^ 
fcliSaiS. ""• ^^ *"'*• •■•WJW. WihStaSlS; 
FOII SALE— Ijir.!,- [.rNlu.-iit,, rsnn, in ai-rni M 

Om^ W. t. BiMoM, Centra Nan, Pa. 

i» » ■ ' .Vj"*" 


^Pennsylvania Farmer 

July 26, 192S 




SAVE time, labor, expense, and do 
a better job of digging your pota- 
toes, with a Farquhar Digger. 

Farqubar Potato Diggers have been 
improved to meet the modem methods 
and economic conditions forced upon 
the grower. Every potato raiser will 
l^preciate thes: changes if he insists 
upon better profits with less labor. 

Crosa Bottom and Riddle Bottom 
Elevator Diggers for the large growers 
and the "Success Junior" the single 
horse plow type digger for the farmer 
who plants an acre or less. 

Each one of these diggers will save its 
cost in labor the first year. Ask for 
new Implement Catalogue No. 225 
which describes the complete line. 


EaftMt— ■Mlm - SawMlli 
Siilii VKt leal ThritlMn 

Box 146 



splr* Bldo^ PltMkorali. P«. 






Prou^ your eowil 
"^SBd honwa from flleal 
■ aai otber Inwru kndi 
Ihry will rt'pay yoo^ 
well. Stop tlut worry- 1 
hMC, lumping, swltdi- ! 
Inc, tliat cuts down I 
TlUHty. nwa op eo-. 
rrcy, make* AtemlOMl 
finb and do Ipmi work 
BHOO-FLY means a 
rChM raorr milk. 

8BOO-FI.Y aldii In Ixtat Idk euM and norea, pro- i 
: ventii Infection and keeps pouttry-bouxea clear | 
■ of mltM and lloe. | 

) VtKi by dairymen for 40 years. If your dealer I 
1 cannot rrapply you, aend SI. SO and set 1-2 sal. J 
iBSOO-FLY— enousb to protect S cows tor a I 
I month — and a 3-tube cravlty nirayer Ires. 12 ■ 
. TahK) . Money back (uaraotee. Addreai Dept. C | 

iMoo-Fir Mro. CO., mo n. im st. rub.. Pns*. i 


Saws Wood Fast 

(Does the Work of 10 Men-i /20 Cost) 

This WITTE Lo«r Saw obps Kercaeneor Gaaolin* 
•nd will cutfrom 10 to 'i,b cords of wood a dajr. 
Easy to operate and move. New device makes 
easy ttartingr in any temperature. Trouble-proof. 
Fella trees and saws them into blocks— runs other 
tmxra machinery. Fast money maker and bis labor 
■aver. Only small amount down. 

^y^^^, f^ Write today for my new Free 

■I r B0 ^^ Book and Low Easy Payment 

^ ^ Prices. No obligation. 

TM4 Wine Blda.. K— ■■ City. Mo. 
IW " ~ 


SAVE 50% 

Med«n Equipment | 


SU-P North lOth St., Phlla<M|>hla, Pa. 


faataK marhine boilt. One and two few 

modph. On<^ Home. Call its 

\ to shock, UiK Ubor saver. 

Fays (or Hiielf io cos ssa- 

Wsttad by 1. f or • 

, No twine. Noilsmsi. 


*T1 THEN muscles ache, wash 
W thejpain away with pain oil,*' 
says an acivertisement. 

Why not drive a McCormick-Deering 
Tractor and do away with the cause of the 
pain? You will conquer the drudgery and 
be far better off in a dozen ways by invest- 
ing in this popular tractor. 

4 4 « 

FARMING by old methods is hard, hard 
work but tens of thousands of fanners 
are fighting their way clear of the worst of 
it by tising reliable tractor power. Not only 
are they doing farm work more easily but 
they are putting the farm on a new money- 
making basis. 

No man can realize the full all-around 
value of the tractor tmtil he iises one him- 
self. Think of the time and work saved by 
turning two or three furrows instead of one. 
Do two or three days* plowing in one. Cut 
down high labor costs. Speed up your field 
work in rush reasons. IX> not risk loss of 
your crops. Ten or twelve hours in the 

heat cannot hurt (he McCormick-Deering. 

And then belt iDork.! McCormick-Deering 
tractors have plenty of power for threshing, 
sik> filling, shredding, baling, sawing, grind- 
ing, etc, and they are designed as much for 
belt as for field work. E>o your own work at 
just the right time and work' for the neigh- 
bors, too, if you want ta 

The McCormick-Deering tractor comes 
to you complete with all the necessary eqtiip- 
ment — platform, fenders, adjustable draw- 
bar, wide belt pulley, removable lugs, 
throttle governor, brakes, and provision for 
adding the great new tractor improvement, 
the power take-off. 

International Harvester Company 

606S.MichlgmiiAve. [^^tS^* Chicgo. DL 

» Brsscli HsvMt is ths U. S.: tht MIswlH ■• 

Pssatytvania FsrsMr territory — Elsiira, HairMMiv. 

PhllaridShia. PItlskafvll. 

SEE t\\e tractor at th« McComUdb- 
DetTing dealer's. Sit in th« seat at 
the wheel to get the effect of running 
it. Th« dealer will demonstrate the 
tractor at the store or in the field. 
Drop tu a line for a catalog. 

McCormick-Deering Tractors 

Feeds Are 

We have on hand at 
all time* ready-mixed 
Chirken and Pifeon 
feeds or separate in- 
gredients for your 
own mixing. 

Write in for €om- 
pltlt price lltt. Get 
on our active mail- 
ing lilt. 
Wm. 6. SCARLEn t CO 
A-33.Baltlinore. Md. 

WMIt ffsv fne 


Krom inifK bred. ln,iix>rfed snd rulli-d flocks. «'. O. I> 
•taltsnmt*. Li« DtUnry <:uarsnitH4. 

prinea on 2A Sn 100 

\Vhite and BroWD le^dmnu .'tt.EO $4.50 t S.OO 

narrnl Plymoulh Rodu I.W 5.S0 lO.M 

!.»., ^.- f.i....,* I»f..»^ ^ fUi ^ eft «A AA 

White Pb-moiitta Roda ......... 3.M C 50 iz 00 

\Vhlt« WxndottM 3.90 6.50 12.00 

Mi\<M rlitf*. J.S5 4.0(1 7.00 

Ffif i'at-^loc and prires on lartrcr lots, 
Box 103. Bcll«fsst«. Ps. 



s <• Whiii-. Brown. Illark. liiiff Leihonu.fS pre 100 

■*. <". .Minorca. H r.. Anrunui SIO per 100 

Special White lieiiliiTTW KiieciaJ Pspe 

Miroraw. Usrrrd iUx-kii. \Vh. Wyandottra Jll per 100 

n. I. Redi $12 per 1(10 

llnillrni i.r MIimI (-hiclui 17 per 10« 

14 ynsr^ •"xpcri'mv. 100% lire dpll»en lo jour 
il'i r Illii<tr.'H.<l Cat. and prt'-e Hat frw. 




Banded Commiasian Metxrhants 
35t Greenwich St., New York CiHy 


ALFALFA, STRAW and FLAX. Best for all these and indis- 
pensable for SHREDDED CORN. Handles this much fastetl 
than ordinary fork and saves time spent in cleaning off tinol 
with foot. Also much SAFER around live stock. Has 5 tinetl 
with spread of 15 inches and is 6 feet long. Made of flOl 

For sale by Hardware & Implement Dealer*. 



Miamisburg, Ohio 




PrUet upon rt^uttt 


SI S. QiMOfi St. Lwicaatsr, Pm. 


irabU, aMiy to 

rsts, ires t cs-y 
Fpacilios. Mmnr alsss/ 
Etifins. bsh, >Mra«i 

_ ■■■■I. Wmll. p. rt al 




L 92— No. 5 


(PiUsburib MsrlMt Bdlilou) 


$1 .00 a year 


In this issue: '*The Story of the Rambo Man." This Bucks County orchardist makes 

quality bring large profits from a small orchard. 

a— 78 

VennsytVania Farmer 

August 1. Xiiy 

Your Stomach Can t Do 

Sleep's Work 

OW OAiamA Fanafly Homesteads 

You Cirt*t force addicional energy by food. You need 
sleep. And for real sleep you need an Ideal Spring. 
Here's a hodspnng that gives you real rest and relaxa* 
tion, because it gives you perfect body support while 
you sleep. Its super-tempered spirals support your 
spine — they case your nerves and muscles — they fit 
to your form — and they do not sag. The result is 
thit you wake up fully refreshed and rested ail over. 
Start and end the day right. Get yourself a 

Thm Bethpring that Su/^ons Your 5|piiM 

Foster Bros. Mfjg. Co., Udca, N. T. 
Western Factory, St. Louie, Mo. 

Makers of Poster Mrtal Beds, Foster Toe Trip CrSu 
<md Quality Spring Ckmuruaions. Send for boot(l€U 

Make Better 



You ran do \l with a Jofcn 
Dtcre-Syrarinfe Hillside Plow 

of the 821 Serie$. 

Syracuse strong, cle»n- 
cutting, non-clo(Wlngplow« 
have been cultiTating hlll- 
sides of the Bait for moro 
than 25 yean. 

They do juat M good work 
in level land. 

Either white-iron or tem- 
pered- steel moldbostfd make* 
th;m suitable for a variety of 

Maximum strength, light 
■weight. Two-piece sprtng" 
steel trusa-stylo beam, guar- 
anteed not to bend or break. 
Body swivels on chilled bear- 
ings easily released or locked 
Dy means of foot latch having 
adjustable tension. 

Renewable shoe protects 
standard — serves as laodstdo. 



Helping you earn 

> money 

every year. That's what a good, 
dependable Unadilla Sio mems 
to you. 

Year after year it gives you 
plenty of good, succulent, low cost 
home grown silage. Silage which 
loses none of its valuable juioes 
and is protected against frost. 

Stmng, W0ll built from amlmstw^ 
lombH-. and ptoducrd in larae num- 
ben. I he UnadUla it a uurmriartOo 
which you ran geC^iA ■ coi* tliat aavea 
you monnyi . ^. , . 

Wr,t» todmy tar bis. InmUooM, 
intemSinc catalog gitrinc comptet* 
infonaattoB. Time payment* if dosiiio. 

Bas P UnaiMWa, W. T. 

Sold b7 John 
Writ« to .lobn 




2^o. 3— "Neshaminy Farms" 

T N THE picturesque lands along 
1 the Neshaminy Creek, nestled in 
the rolling hills of Bucks County, 
v/herein lies much of tradition and 
family lore of eastern Pennsylvania, 
lies a farm which has been handed 
down through long generations of a 
family, itself prominent in the his- 
tory of the nation. 

The Wilkinson homestead, a re- 
mainder of a grant of many thousand 
acres deeded by William Penn, has 
been in possession of this family 
through a period of over two hundred 
years. Straight down a line of 
sturdy sires of the Wilkinson name 
has the land been handed from father 
to son. 

The Original Grant of Land 
The history- of the land originates 
with a grant of five thousand acres 
from William Penn in 1682, to one 
James Harrison. The land was in 
later years sold in portions to various 
parties but only one parcel is still 
in the hands of descendants of the 
original purchaser. 

In 1713, several hundred acres 
comprised in the five thousand, we»e 
sold to John Wilkinson, the third 
of his line to settle in America. John 
Wilkinson was a descendant of a fam- 
ily traced back to its recognition hy 
the King of England in 1H15. and was 
grandson ol Lawrence Wlllctnson, of 
Lancashire, England. At his death in 
1751, the property pas.sed into the 
hands of his son, John, who became a 
colonrf- under George Washington and 
.-.'•rved with distinction in the Amer- 
ican Revolution. 

At (^)lonel John Wilkinson's death, 
following the war period in 1782, Mb 
acres were left to his son, John, who 
erected the stone mansion house 
shown in the accompanying photo- 
graph. The house was built in 1798. 
The original dwelling on the property, 
a log cabin, was razed in 1870, after 
standing for a period of more than 
a centur\' and a half. 

Ertent of Present E«tate 
From the possession of the third 
John Wilkinson, the farm was willed 
to his son, Abraham; from the lat- 
ter to the next in line. Eleazer, and 
at his death to Charles T. Wilkin- 
son — the present owner. During the 
nineteenth century, portions of the 
tract originally purchased by the first 
John Wilkinson were sold off, and 
the estate at present comprises one 
hundred and eightj' acres of the 
i.iitrinal several hundred. 

( harles L. Wilkinson has owned the 
land since the death of his father in 
1 ^55. He is at the ripe age of. eighty- 
two years and is still active. Besides 

farming his nearly two hundred act 
Mr. WUkimwn is aetive In the puU 
affairs of lower Bucks county 
one of the section's most reap 
citizens. He progenited the Wil 
son name through two sons, 
ard and Charles L., the latter] 
whom owns an adjoining farm 
he conducts with a son, Watsonj 

The Wilkinson farm, situated 
one mile from what is now knon 
Rushland, is believed to be oml 
the oldest in the hands of direct f 
cendants of a family in the hii 
of Bucks county and perhaps thtl 
tire State. Its ownership bTl 
Wilkinsons up to the present 
extends over a period of two hun 
and twelve years. Deeds for thej 
during this time are in the pos.s 
of Charles L. Wilkinson and] 
farm and family are mentionei 
the History of Bucks County, Vol 


The Pullometer Contj 

THE horse pulling contests: 
uled for several fairs inl 
sylvania this fall to 
great numbers of farmers and 1 
lovers. The djTiamometer or "F 
meter," which will be used in 
contests, registers the exact pd 
a team of hor.«!es or mules. Itj 
constructed that the same 
must be exerted in moving tlw| 
as is needed to start it. 

There will be two cla.sse.s at 
contest — one for teams weighir 
than :iOOO pounds and one for 
w^eighing over 3060 pounds, 
offered in each class are 
first place, |30 for second, 
third and $10 for fourth. 

The present record heavy tea 
is 3100 pounds, equivalent to| 
ing 103 tons on a smooth coi 
road. This record was made| 
team at a fair in Canada. 
Horse pulling contests 
staged at the following fair 
picnics: Susquehanna Valley 
ers' Picnic, Rolling Green Park 
Sunbury, August 12; Westrao 
Country Fanners' Picnic, 
Park, near Greensburg, Aug 
Stoneboro Pair, Mener countyl 
temlier :> and 4; Chester Coiintj| 
West Chester, September 11 
Jefferson County Fair, Bro 
September 15 and 16; Dawsoi| 
Payette county, Septeml>er IT 
Beaver Palls Pair, Beavrr 
.Septeml»er 24 and 2h; \^»)A 
Pair, Bucks eount>', October <i 
.\dditional fairs may he M^ 
during the season. Those intt 
in entering teams in th»-e 
should g«* in touch with ihi-irj 


tsmzr : ■£c%5 im-i-: iciirc: Cj f ■ 



f\Jk Registered Jk 

L^ HoUtein Cows 6 T 

Grove Cily4*a.,Monday, Aug. 17, 1925 


Wrile for Catalogtte 
Bale under »ii^pi<vs (Ipove City Accred- 
ited < "at tie Ansociatlon 

J AMCC W. HUNrCR. Owntt. Gram CHy. Pt. 

m, ft. WCLCH. Mana^OT. OMn CM*, ta. 
m. e. MACGCR. Aucll»n««r, Alsam««l«, III. 


SLATK sunraccD S2.oe 

n? Concord At*., Dart.M., CambridSe. Max. 


• 4"-- 


PoUished Weekly 
Two Years, $1.50 
Five Yean, %iM 

bL 92— No. 5 


The Story of "The Rambo Man 

How a Bucks County Fruit Grower Made Good in Spite of Handicaps 

Whek Mo. 1472 


ention Pennsylvania Partner 

when wrifiii^ to iMlvi'rti.-KTs. 

The 130year-o1d house on Neshaminy Parm. 

P IN the upper end of Bocks County, among 
rolling hills and fertile valleys, thereV a 
Don known as the Tohickon Valley, and right in 
Iheart of this section lies the small community 
i^eisel. Long noted for its beautiful scenery 
good crops, it is only within the past few 
that it has become known as a fruit-and- 
iltry-producing section,' and this largely through 
I efforts of one man. 

October, 1905, a city man, Sherman B. Mono- 

kh, purchased a small farm of twenty-four 

Twenty-four acres of run-down, stony 

nnd that had not been farmed — in the real 

Be of the word — for nearly twenty years. An 

stone house that had remained untenanted for 

pteen years and other farm buildings in the 

le state of disrepair, were the only improve- 

bts, although there were a few fruit trees in 

old orchard. But like the rest of the farm, 

pe, too, had suffered from neglect. Aft^ putting 

house in a livable condition, Mr. Monosmith 

his wife furnished it as a summer home and 

nt the summers there for several years. 

Tlie First Plantings 

1910, one of the state horticultural men, walk- 
through the county, stopped at the farm and 
^rested Mr. Monosmith in the care of trees. As 
tsnlt of this interview, Mr. Monosmith planted 
bral chestnut trees and, as these were destroyed 
hlight, the following year he planted one hun- 
apple trees. In 1914, three hundred peach 
It and one hundred apple trees were added. Af 
|peach trees soon gave a good account of them- 
s. later plantings were made, bringing the 
up to twelve hundred peach trees and three 
jjred and eighty-six apple trees. 
lith the idea of quality rather than quantity 
action in mind, Mr. Monosmith has kept his 
ting at a number which some growers consider 
nail to provide a decent income, but it's inter- 
to note that for the past two years his net 
He has been more than that of some growers 
nad more than three times as many trees. 

Threw Away Good Looking Peaches 

15 known as a grower of quality goods and is 
[jealous of his reputation in this respect. His 
boiled down is: "Quality-wise people will 
I quality prices for quality goods," and he 
= good on that theory. .\s an instance of this: 
years ago when peach prices were rather 
rmal, due to late frosts, he refused to accept 
prict' for peaches which, possibly due to cli- 
conditions, were bitter, but picked and hod 
to the Tohickon Creek, many bushels of 
coking fruit for which he could have received 
|h price. 

It— he can always sell again where be has once 
quality of fruit is almost a fetish wnth Mr. 
|ismith and last year he gave a guarantee of 
a basket to anyone who found a wormy 
in his fruit. As a further instance of the 
Iquality he maintains, it is interesting to know 
"he is still supplying his original customers 
ancy boxed apples. 

Frait Grower's Lark 

|1921, the small sprayer proving inadequate, a 
one was purchased. To expedite the work, 
pay following the delivery of the sprayer it 
■nlled ready to start work t^ next morning. 
{night a heavy frost not only fn)ze the fruit 
roze the spray material as well, breaking part 
r ■?"»«»■• Rather a blue outlook after the 
dreams caused by the fine set of blossoms, 

By Mae E. Bickley 

but such is the luck of the fruit-grower every- 
where, and some few varieties did come through 
for a partial crop. 

In 1922 the last three hundred-plot of peaches 
was set and a small planting of grapes made. That 
year more than made up for the loss of the previ- 
ous years and 1924 proved to his satisfaction that 
quality goods would sell even where the market 

Mr. Shennan B. Monosmith, 
"The Rambo Man"' 

was well supplied. Much time in the earlier years 
was given to educating customers to the economy 
of buying non-waste fruit and now his sales-effort 
has become largely a matter of securing customers 
for the jrearly increase, old customers buying as a 
matter of course. 

Rambos At a Dollar Per Dozen 

Mr. Monosmith is probably best known as the 
grower of Rambo Apples, making a specialty of 
the fine strain of "Summer Rambo" apple he raises, 
and which sells readily at ten cents each; one 
dollar a dozen; a basket of the fine fruit selling, 
according to size, at $2.00 and $2.50, while the 
smaller sizes find ready sale as cooking apples, 
being one of the very best baking apples. So well 
and favorably known is this apple that through the 
section Mr. Monosmith is known as "The Rambo 

At the annual Farm Products Shows held at 
Doylestown, and at the Bucks County Fair, held at 
QuakertowTi, Mr. Monosmith has always had the 
distinction, since his initial exhibits, of winning 
many of the first prizes oflPered for commercial 
exhibits; but his real "killing" was made last 
summer when he walked off with eight firsts out 
of a possible eleven in the commercial classes, at 
the Bucks County Fair, and when, at the AUentown 
Fair, Lehigh County, with an exhibit of Rambos, 
he won the first prize for the finest boxed apples, 
any variety. 

Interested In Many Organizations 

Mr. Monosmith is keea for improvement of 
methods applied to marketing and spent a week at 
State College this last fall studjring packing of 
apples and subjects relating to fruit-growing. He is 

interested in the work of the Bucks County Fruit- 
Growers' Association, at the first meeting of which 
he was elected vice president, and re-elected at the 
second annual meeting, held last January. He is 
also interested in the improvements of farm life in 
general and is very active for the farmers in his 
capacity as director of the Doylestown Fair. He 
gives much credit to the Farm Bureau and the 
State College experts for the improved farming 
conditions made evident in the past ten years. 

Mr. Monosmith has had a remarkably varied 
career. Himself a pioneer in the fruit-growing 
industry in this section, he comes from people 
whose parents were pioneers of the first class. His 
Rrandparents walked from Pennsylvania to Ohio 
and his parents in 1868, left their home in Spencer, 
.Medina County, Ohio, and went to make a new 
home in Michigan (he at that time a six-months'- 
old baby). Here they made a home in the virgia 
forest, the house of logs, rudely constructed, and 
the other buildings of slabs; here they lived under 
almost primitive conditions, subsisting entirely on 
what could be raised on the place. 

Misfortune Changed His Life 

At the ape of eight years he had an accident that 
had a great deal to» do with shaping his later life. 
In a fall he cut his leg in such a manner that 
through inefficient treatment, it had to be ampu- 
tated below the hip, in order to save his life. 
Ordinarily as full of life and fun as any normal 
boy, he became more studious and before he was 
twenty became an expert telegrapher, and was 
better read than most men of twice his age. In 
.-earch of adventure, he traveled over most of the 
United States and was on the job on much of the 
now railroad construction work in the far West, 
and mentioned being employed on the Great North- 
ern as train dispatcher when the new road was 
opened up through the "Wenatchee" apple grow- 
ing region. 

In Pennsylvania he met and married the organist 
of one of the churches of Lewisburg, and for a 
number of years afterward he traveled for a New 
York medical publishing house. This proved his 
most successful work, and proved to his satisfac- 
tion his ability as a salesman. But he decided that 
owing to his handicap he possibly would n>»t be 
retained in service as long a.« a more fortunate 
man, and as a sort of "soldier's home" this farm 
was purchased. 

Back to the Railroad in War Time 
Until the peaches came into bearing Mr. Mono* 
.•^mith still traveled for the publishing concern, and 
it was the money from this venture that financed 
the improvements on the farm and providt-d the 
means for caring for the young orchards as they 
should be. When the war became an assure*! fi^t, 
Mr. Monosmith volunteered for service as a tele- 
grapher and was accepted by the Reading Railroad, 
and is up to the present time on the pay roll of 
this company. 

"The Mono Fruit Farm." as it is called, was the 
first farm in this section to have electricity and 
shortly after installing the plant numerous elec- 
trical appliances were purchased to aid Mrs. Mono- 
smith so that she might devot< more of her time 
to overseeing the work of the farm in his absence. 
Recently an electric pump and running water were 
insUlled in the house. These, with the conveni- 
ences thus made possible, made this one of the 
most comfortable homes in the county. More 
elaborate improvements are scheduled for tiW 
house and the building of an apple cellar 
(Coattnued on page 17) 


Entered as second-class matter at the post oftire at Pbila., Pa> 

under the act of March 3, 1879. 


MAKCO MORROW, VicePres. F. H. NANCE, Secretary 

KEFF LAING, Manager 
R. P. KESTER, Editor 

Pennsptvania Farmer 

to f|0 on producii)t» milk, or whctluT he had 
better sell his crops after they are grown. Of, it is ahsolutely necessary for him to 
keep exact accounts l)cfore he can know what 
he is now doing or what he should do to make 
most profit. 

Counterfeit Goods 

IIKRE are laws carrying severe penalties 

against making counterfeit money and 

c. L. WHITE. Associate Editor DassiuK it off for genuine money. Counter- 
Mrs. IDA S. HARRINGTON *,.*', . , ♦i.„;- cmifinns nrnrliict 

Household Editor feitcrs try to make . their spurious proau( i 

Staff Contributors and Advisers look " just as good" as real moncy SO that the 

*'''%. V''c.''FAhC'v's'."v'i"e''rinariaa ' innocent." Uninformed public will accept it as 

'*'*lfG''K?Riy''"4''.Jr;™" *'"*' genuine. So strict are the laws and so dili- 

''Vc%RVi^!''Gf^'/nTn''d^T';!;!ii"5op, gent are the officials that comparatively little 

PR OF. W. IL TOMIIAVE, Beef Cattle. Horses. Sheep. Swine counterfeit money gCtS iutO Circulation. lU 

GENERAL OFFICE — 261-263 South 3rd Street. Phila. Pa. ^•.^^^.^ ^q gcarce is it that inOSt of US hardly 

Branch Offices for Advertisinff only: ' . . , ,. ■. ■ i i :„„ ,^,^„r,-,, 

Cleveland. O.— 1011 Oregon Ave. N. V. City— 120 W. 42nd St. cyef think of it wllCU taking mOnCy. 

Chicago, Illinois,— 608 South Dearborn Street 

Detroit, Michigan, 1632 Lafayette Blvd. ^^^^ 

rive Years, 260 copies, $300 Three Years, 156 copies, $2.00 
Two Yeara, 104 " 1.50 One Year, 52 '' 1.00 

Remit by draft, nostoffice or express money order or registered 
letter. Address all communications to, and make all remittances 
^yable to . . . . « 

The Lawrence Publishing Company, P hiladelphu, Pa. 


tS cents per agate-line measurement, or $7.70 per inch {14 line* 
per inch), each insertion. No advertisement of less than three 
tnes inserted. No deceptive, immoral swindling advertisement! 
(iserted at any price. Pennsylvania Farmer advertisers are 
felialde. Special rates for livestock and classified advertising. 
■> Complete information furnished on request. 

|(Mb«r Acrteultural PubUstaws Aaa'n and Audit Burwo OT Ctrc ulatloBfc 
fit 92, Nfc 5. Phaa.. Pa., Aufuit 1, 1925 Whole No. 1472 

August 1, 1925 

quiring tiie owner to give unrestricted liberty J 
to hunters to go upon his property. There are I 
many small fanners and fruit growers whoj 
o\vn none of the woodland in the neighbor- 
hood but whose ' holdings are all in ciil I 
tivated or planted land. Just why this shouldl 
be thrown open to the public because deerl 
come trespassing from surrounding forestsj 
will be difficult for such land owners to un-I 

OUR JOB Is to aerve our readers. Whenever 
you are puzzled write to ub and we will help 
fou if we can. 

IVhen you are so devoted to doing what is right that you 
press straight on to that and disregard what men are saying 
about you, there is the triumpth of moral courage. 

—Phillips Brooks. 

Conserve the Wild Flowers 

I.\ TilKSK days of agitation for the conserv- 
ation of big things tlic Pi-nnsylvania Dc- 
|!:i!-tiiieut of Agriculture has done well to call 
atttMition to tlio necessity for conserving the 
n.itural tlora if succredinp generations an- to 
«n.ii\v the beauties of the wild flowers of the 
^tafe. Dr. K. M. Gress. of the Bureau of Plant 
IntVustiy. in (Jencral Uullctin No. :i!l!>, dis- 
iiiss.-s ill an entertaining and instructive man- 
ner tire natural flowers of the state and calls 

But there is another kind of counterfeit- 
ing that is very common and which does more 
direct harm than would the accepting of an 
occasional piece of counterfeit money. The 
idea back of it is the same as the idea actuat- 
ing the counterfeiter— that of trading and 
profiting on the reputation of the real thing. 
We have reference to the "just-as-good" ar- 
ticles which some dealers try to palm off in 
substitution for an article of known value. 
The practice is dishonest in two ways. It is 
unfair to the maker of the desired goods and 
it cheats the buyer in most cases. 

The practice of coming onto the market 
with an imitation product after a good article 
becomes well known is becoming altogether 
too common. The only way to break it up Is 
for buyers to insist on getting Avhat they want 
and not to "fall" for the "just-as-good" 
argument. If a consumer wants a certain 
make of implement, tooth paste, or automo- 
bile, or a certain kind of lubricating oil, white 
collar, lead pencil, or what not, he has a right 
to get it and he could if he would be half as 
wary as he would be if he had a suspicion 
that he was about to receive some counterfeit 

Important Game Ruling 

OWING to the continued complaints of 
damage to trees and crops by deer in cer- 
tain sections of Pennsylvania the Game Com- 
mission has made a ruling which it is hoped 

.Tfti'Utiuii <Mipliaticaliy to wliat tlie puMi"- imist ^^-jn -,^1 Jq solving the trouble. The law au- 
(b) in order to perpetuate them. Unfortunate- Hmrizes the Commission to designate sections 
ly. most peoi»le tliink no more of di-stioyiiig (,f the state where damage by deer is suffi- 
ciently great to warrant permitting landown- 
rrs to kill de.r and retain the carcasses and 
use them for food, provided tlie Game Pro- 
tector or the Game Commissioners at Ilarris- 
biirg are notified within forty-eight hours. 
Provided that the lands on wliieh .such 
.some time unless there is a cessation of the kjuing is done are open to public hunting, 
ruthless destruction caused by thoughtless ^^^\ ^i,,,} |]„. ^\^^^,y .^re doing material d.-vmace. 

such wild life than they do of breathing the 
iiir. Pennsylvania is the native home of count- 
less numbers of beautiful species of flowers. 
They adorn the woods, fields and stream 
Iianks and would be sadly missed if extermin- 
ated. This will be the result in many eases 

peojile. Tile bulletin mentioned 
worthv of wide distribution. 

here is 

What Do Your Cows Pay ? 

Wl', IIKARD a man say of a certain 
neiirbbor of bis. "It Avould pay him 
better and save a lot of work if he would 

The following counties were designated by 
the Game Commission as sections in which the 
ruling shall apply: Adams. Carbon, Centre, 
Clearfield, (Uiiiiberiaiid. Franklin. Hunting- 
don, .IiH;tala. LaeUawaniia. Luzerne. Lycom- 
ing. Mi in in. Monroe, Perry, Pike. Snyder, and 
Union ; also, Anten Township in Hlair rnnnty • 
Fox, .Fay and Bennezett Townships in Klk 

Referred without Comment 

ph>w down his crops after he had them rai.sed County; Cook and Ligonier Townships in 
iiLstead of feeding them to the cows lie has." i^Vestmoreland County. 
That was a blunt way of expressing a fact 
only too true on many farms a few years ago. 
It is true of too many individual cows even 
yi>t. But thanks to tiie stress of conditions 
and the work of cow-testing associations this 
"boarder" and "robber" eows are becoming 
fewer. A livestock specialist ^»f the Ohio Col- 
lege of Agriculture states that unless a cow 
returns $2. HO for every dollar .spent in feed 

The Game Commission recommends that 
the owner consult with the Djstriet Game Pro- 
tector if in doubt as to whether the damage is 
sufficient to warrant sui-li killing. No employe 
of a land owner may be deputized to kill un- 
der this ruling unless such employe is hired 
on a monthly or .yearly basis. 

We believe this ruling is a move in the 

she is not worth keeiiing. Accepting this as a right direction and it is to be hoped that all 
proper rule it is comparatively easy for a parties will give it an honest and impartial 
farmers to figure whether it is more profitable trial. We doubt, however, the justice of re- 

UNDKR this heading we publish an editorial 
on dome current topic taken from the col- 
umns of n contemporary paper. Its publication 
does not necessarily mean that the sentiments 
expressed are the sentiments of Pennsylvania 
Farmer. — Editors. 

Standing Room Only 

Prom various sources there is probably tool 
much advice being handed out to wheat fara-| 
ers and other producers of crops who are nof 
receiving particularly good prices for theii 
products to the effect that they shoidd turn i 
dairying. It is sometimes pointed out that \i 
the dairy business there is plenty of mone]j 
for all comers. 

Our only comment on this situation is 
"go slow." It is very doubtful if the dai^ 
industry could absorb, without economic 
turbance^ in large numbers the wheat far 
ers who have decided that there is no monejj 
in raising wheat. Just because one class 
producers happen to receive what they thi 
is too low a price for their products is 
reason why all of the men in that particuli 
line should suddenly become dairymen. Then 
would be just as much .sense in all of the cot| 
ton manufacturers suddenly becoming me* 
packers just because cotton did not happf< 
to return good profits in a certain year. 

Certain it is that dairying could not H 
ceive a ver.v large influx of new produceij 
without grave clanger of overproduction. Iti 
true that dairymen have proliably .suffers 
less during the recent economic depressiffl 
than have some of the other classes of tarn 
ers but certainly this tloes not mean tliij 
everybody should begin to produce milk, 
this sliouhl happen, dairy farmers would soffl 
be just as badly off as wheat farmers. 

In this connection it may be well to poii 
out that the dairy business requires cons 
erable initial capital. It takes money to btj 
the necessary equipment and to establish i 
herd that will be profitable. It takes thr 
years at least to develop a good dairy co^ 
Dairying is becoming more and more teclifl 
cal and it is getting .so that success depcnj 
largely on the eciuipment and training «■ 
practical understanding which the dairyml 
possesses. iViirying is no longer a day's woij 
— it is a business. A real dairy herd in tlirf 
days can not be established and put to woi] 
with any hop»? of profit without considerali 
money and 'preparation. 

There are apparently enough dairymen ' 
take care of all present demands. Tiiorej 
very little evidence of any shortage in m* 
ufactured milk products at the present ti« 
We hope that Ihu luporla that many ^H 
farmers are turning to dairying are not tr 
--Dairymen's League News. 

W^ashington Letter 

CUFDIT. — The twelve Federal lnternie< 
Credit banks have made considerable progrj 
toward supplying the short time farm er^ 
needs of the country. Up to June :»>, 1^ 
these banks had made direct loans amoiiD^ 
to $2r>,l.'>H()00 and rediscounts of $,241.8 
Only seven of the twelve banks made « 
direct loans in June, the total amounting | 
*3,iU0,:i6r> and rediscounts $:{,9.''>8,404. 

^ust 1, 1925 

[farmers WANT "RELIEF":— 
Jwo types of farmer spokesmen hold- 
Ig greatly divergent views in regard 
I farm sentiment, are now in 
ridence. Unofficial travelers com- 
[g to Washington direct from the 
Irms say that farmers are not great- 
interested in Federal legislation 
_ this time; that as far as they are 
jncerned, with the possible exception 
the seed dyeing bill, elimination 
extra charges on parcel post, and 
few other minor proposals, the 
irmers would be quite well satisfied 
iCongress let agriculture alone for 
' while. 

Politicians returning from their 
ne States declare that farmers are 
manding that farm legislation be 
ought to the /ront as soon as Con- 
Bss meets. They are telling the 
esident at his summer home, that 
! demands of the farmers must 
met with farmer relief legisla- 

The agricultural legislation pro- 
mme recommended by the Presi- 
ft's commission will have the right 
vay. But Representative Dickin- 
I of Iowa, says that he is pre- 
Ing to push his bill to the front 
Ipcndent of the President's agri- 
Eural programme. His bill pro- 
ps for a Federal Farm Commis- 
k, outside of the Department of 
riculture, which would be em- 
#ered to foster co-operative mar- 
Ing associations without licensing 
%uditing them, and would handle 
J)luses of agricultural staples 
En necessary. It would buy, sell, 
lort and store such surpluses when 
lessary to prevent depression in 
^icultural products. 


American Farm Bureau Federa- 

and the National Grange were 

Iresented at the hearings before 

\ special congressional sub-com- 

ktee on postal rates July 21. 

The National Grange in general is 

Bosed to any increases in postal 

fes, the committee was told by A. 

Loomis, speaking for Dr. T. C. 

keson, who is absent from the city. 

l^e are asking at this time speci- 

lally that the two-cent service 

fcrge on parcel post packages prb- 

ped for in the present postal law 

repealed. We did not believe at 

time this law was passed and do 

believe now that the accounting 

kures produced by the experts of 

Post Office Department justified 

Increase In parcel post rates." 

''ERY SYSTEM. — The reorganiza- 
1 of the rural delivery system was 
rised by Mr. Reid, of the Farm 
Teau Federation. The coming of 
"d surfaced roads and cheap auto- 
biles has completely changed the 
fure and amount of the work re- 
[ed, yet rural routes have only 
slightly reorganized or length- 
• On city routes it was pointed 
that large savings could be ef- 
ed by reducing the number of de- 
fies in residential sections to not 
fe than one or two a day; and in 
liness sections to three or four de- 
pies a day, whereas a considerable 
Tiber of business routes get as high 
eight deliveries a day. 

VennsytVania Farmer 

five years as compared with the pre- 
war average. 

An upward price tendency through- 
out the United States began with 
June when the Index number for 404 
commoditites maintained by the 
Bureau of Labor Statlstica rose from 
155.2 for May to 157.4 for June, 
the index being based on 1913 prices. 

Strong advances in prices of cat- 
tle, hogs, lambs, hay, onions, potatoes 
and wool in the farm products group 
more than offset decreases in corn, 
wheat, rye and milk. The increase 
m this group as a whole was moved 
up 2% per cent. — E. E, Reynolds. 

Harrisburg Letter 

studying the problem of getting elec- 
tric current to the farms of Pennsyl- 
vania have progressed so far that the 
hearings launched a year ago at the 
State Capitol, have been ordered re- 
sumed and officials of the Public Ser- 
vice Commission, the Giant Power 
Board and other bodies handling the 
State end believe they will eventually 
work out a method to which the elec- 
tric companies can subscribe. It is 
said to be possible that some lines 
may be built to see how the ap- 
portionment of costs will work out in 
actual practice. The approach to a 
solution of the rural electric problem 

in doubt communicate with game pro- 
tectors or the office in the Capitol 
for information. 

Department of Agriculture has "flit- 
ted" to the new South Office Build- 
ing, adjacent to the Capitol. The main 
office is on the first floor, near the 
western end of the building, and the 
Bureau of Animal Industry is on the 
second floor. The offices on the third 
floor of the north wing of the Capitol 
so long used by the department have 
been turned over to the Forests and 
Waters Department. 

Steps have been taken by the State 
Highway Patrol to train about one- 
fourth of the force on ways to stop 
the use of illegal headlights on mo- 
tor cars. So many complaints have 
come to the Highway Department and 
other branches that people are ignor- 
ing the law that special instruction 
has been ordered to fit men to stop 
it. The inspections will be made on 
highways in rural sections as well as 
adjacent to towns and in cities where 
police will co-operate. 

ing to reports coming to the Capitol 
the farm labor situation in the State 
has not been abnormal. Harvest hands 
have been generally available when 
really needed, but there is disinclina- 
tion of labor to engage for any length 

Judging by the way some folks act. maybe Darwin was right, after all. 

■ o •~*^" his recent Western 
Secretary of Agriculture Jar- 
told a group of Iowa farmers 
the present troubles of agri- 
lure in no small measure have 
vn out of excessive production and 
loss of foreign markets, a situa- 
I that was brought on by the World 

ia suggested that Secretary Jar- 

and Secretary Hoover might 

eiy compare notes before indulg- 

in any more speech-making. Fig- 

B obtainable at the Department of 

nmerce show conclusively that in- 

pu of any loss of foreign markets, 

f e markets are increasing their de- 

nus for American farm products. 

I- *. ?*Ports of foodstuffs from 

rnf?n,fn« States averaged about 

. 'i '. . " y**'' during the pre- 

period 1909-10 to 1913-14 a.s 

fPaied with $1,064,000,000 Jn 

p.OOO.OOO in 1924. After allow- 
le 18 made for higher prices durlnj? 
ipoet-war year.s, there has been an 
Tea«e o« over 60% in the volume of 
pstuffg exported during the past 

has been interesting. The Public Ser- 
vice Commission started an inquiry 
and apparently forgot all about it 
until the power people themselves put 
their engineers to work and the allied 
agricultural a.ssociations went after 
things energetically. Then the com- 
mission came to the front again and 
a plan of dividing up costs of pole 
lines, requiring service where there 
are three certain customers to a mile 
and other details is to be aired at a 
hearing. The most practical step, 
however, seems likely to result from 
the interest aroused among electric 
companies by the rural committee it- 

there will be litigation with appeals 
to higher courts in which the Public 
Service Commission has at times been 

DEER HUNTING.— Effect of the 
new order of the State Game Com- 
mission that farmers or truck garden 
owners or orchard men may shoot 
deer destroying crops and keep the 
carcasses is that it may be done only 
if followed up with notice to the 
nearest game protector or the office 
of the Game Commission. Land open 
to hunting is also required. This 
solution was reached after a study of 
months and is the first under the 
game code amendments of 1925, 
dozens of instances where farmers 
suffered loss facing presented. The 
suggestion is made here that people 

of time on farm work because of 
chances through road construction 
and similar opportunities. Men out 
of work in industries are not attracted 
by farm wages and there is much dif- 
ficulty in getting men to hire out on a 
monthly basis, say reports generally. 
— Hamilton, Harrisburg. 

New Jersey Letter 

CUSSED.— The New Jersey League 
of Women Voters has announced a 
tentative legislative programme which 
it |>rot>o«M><» tn hark Rt n»'!t* wltit*»r's 

session of the Legislature. There 
are included in the plans several 
me-iaures of interest to farmers. One 
f)f I ho needs suggested by the league 
would be authorization of a slate 
school survey. The league also 
would attempt to get the legislature 
to ratify the Federal child labor 
amendment. Another proposal would 
'call for the creation of a legislative 
bureau which would be a bill draft- 
ing commission to prevent errors, 
overlapping and needless expense and 
delay in the preparation of bills. 
Farmers are considerably interested 
in the State school survey with par- 
ticular reference to rural phases of 
the work. They were solidly'd 
to the child labor amendment last 


GRAMME.— The plan started 
year by the State Department of 
Agriculture, the State College and the 
Farm Bureau for the development of 
a State-wide programme which would 
benefit farmers in the matter of pro- 
duction and marketing, has been mak- 
ing progress during the late spring 
and early summer. The State Depart- 
ment through its Bureau of Statistics 
and in co-operation with the Depart- 
ment of Farm Economics is conduct- 
ing research which will give the facts 
on production and marketing of New 
Jersey farm products. Eventually it 
IS hoped that as a result of its studies 
production and distribution in the 
State may be so regulated that New 
Jersey farmers will grow such prod- 
ucts and in such amounts as will meet 
the consumption needs of the State, 
eliminating the present dual trans- 
portation charges from shipping prod- 
ucts outside the State and in turn im- 
porting a large rolume of products 
produced in other areas. 

MEET.— The annual field day of the 
New Jersey Guernsey Breeders' As- 
sociation will be held August 8, at 
Far Hills, N. J. Dairymen represent- 
■ ing all breeds of cattle have been in- 
vited to attend. A judging contest 
has been staged in conjunction with 
the meeting by the New Jersey Boys' 
and Girls' Calf Clubs. Three prizes 
are offered to the junior contestants. 
Addresses by prominent live stock 
men will be made, followed by an 
inspection tour of various Guernsey 
herds in Somerset county. Gordon 
Hall, well-known Guernsey importer, 
will conduct the judging demonstra- 
tion for the breeders and their 

OPENS.— Mid-July found Southern 
New Jersey peach growers shipping 
first early varieties to metropolitan 
markets. Greenboros from Gloucester 
and Atlantic county growers brought 
up to $1.50 per basket in the New 
York market while Carmen's sold 
mostly around 75 cents. The quality 
of early peaches and the prospect for 
mid-season and later varieties of good 
stock is indicated by reports from 
practically all New Jersey sections. 
The crop is considerably shorter than 
last season. Early apples are now 
maturing rapidly. Transparent and 
Star varieties composing the largest 
bulk of early apples shipped. Wil- 
liams' Early Reds will move July 20 
to August 5; Gravensteins, August 1 
to August 15, and Wealthy, August 
5 to August 20. — B. 

New York Letter 

Local papers are publishing an open 
letter sent them by Governor Pinchot 
of Pennsylvania, wherein he discusses 
the importance of ending discrimina- 
tion by electric companies against 
country users. He says the subject 
will soon be a nation-wide issue, and 
scores the present system of favor- 
ing the big user at the expense of the 
little one. His letter, addressed to 
the Congressman from this district, 
W. W. Ma Gee, sa.vs that the present 
object of super-power i» profit for 
the companies, not benefit for the 
public. Regulation of this gigantic 
service by the people seems a sub- 
ject of prime importance to leading 
rural thought, as on it future rural 
development so largely depends. 

. NEW SWINDLE.— One community 
has been swindled out of hundreds of 
dollars by two men working the 

r'l-i-'i-u-uii-ii**;— puu.> sn, ritijit'. liener- 
OU8 payments were secured when the 
parents had their children photo- 
graphed, but no pictures have l>een 
delivered. When the same town was 
visited the second time by a man 
seeking the .same harvest, the city 
fathers took action and also urged 
the people not to permit themselves 

to be such "easy pickings." 

usually big onion crop is expected in 
Madison county. Potatoes are 10 to 
50 cents a bushel; hay, S12 to $16 a 
ton. Kggs are quite constant at 30 
cents a dozen. Milk is the one de- 
pendable product in the State at 
present, the prices and outlook for 
th< future being the best since the 
«;>r - M G. F. 

,»T-.-. ,V 


Pennsylvania Farmer 

Take a Kodak to the Fair 

Pictures just for tun are plenty at the fair. 
And with a K<»dak along you'll make, as well, a 
practical record of whatever interests you — cattle, 
horses, hogs, machinery— pictures full of pointers 
to apply when you're back on home acres. 

Attt9grap/iic Kodaks $6.50 up 
/It your dealer's 

Eastman Kodak Company, Rochester, N.Y. 


\ Ordrr n>)W. 1 hf*: 

punctim^ Hm cutt %rtA 
•tontbruun. R«' ndition 
rd and dnubic -tread** i 
Mir rmn firtir*. 

30»3 Falwit. »• 00. 2 ler 17.80. 






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VflpAA a-i Boak MdLow Eur Parmrat 
• •^^ Price*. HoobUaation. 

* wim meiNB wofti 




Tha Crib With tha St**l RA" 

CTOn nar >raia Md tan ia BtTCKKTB nta 
^ and bira. Tk«a ran wUI aot aalr etaal nm 
•Mi wMttMT •■* «( Itoir hM*r *•>>. fW •*" 
have fMT era* la kaal pMalbla ti ea OW lii; toHV- 
M- Ml raa aaa aafalr Md H MHI ■ii t il 

Baartowacl. RaBiatlr tarik f ar m< 
r i>el n . l »wo ri »w.laU' 



IW. <» 


Neshaminy Gardens 

mm an EJllor Wcrk* "nd Think* 

C^ EVERAL reports have appeared 
O in print stating that the Golden 
Acre cabbage is proving to be five 
to ten days earlier than any other 
standard sort. The test we are mak- 
ing at Neshaminy Gardens is not m 
line with these reports. It is runnmg 
neck and neck with Eariy Jersey 
Wakefield, but has no lead. The seed 
was sown and the plants set at the 
same time and they have moved along 
together. The G. A. is a good variety 
and we shaU plant more of it next 
year, bpt we have not found it su- 
perior to a good strain of E. J. W. 
« * • 
THE luck of the farmer seems to 
be a good bit like the luck of a 
fisherman. In the course of con- 
versation with an enthusiastic angler 
the other day, he said: "I always 
take two or three kinds of bait with 
me when I go a-fishing. You never 
can tell just which kind the fish will 
prefer on a given day. Often they 
will jump at one kind of bait, while 
you won't get a nibble at another. 
On another day they will do just the 
opposite." Probably this is not the 

August 1, 192S 

SOME of our New Jersey friend 
are resentful of the statements mi 
by those in charge of the survey 
labor conditions made by the U. 
Department of Agriculture. Esj 
cially is there criticism about wh 
is said in relation to children worl 
ing on farms. I do not wonder 
it. While there are no doubt ca 
in every State in which tasks 
heavy and long are given chile 
yet there is a lot of slush on 
labor floating around as the 
of "investigations" made by selfn 
pointed persons. Every small towni| 
the land has a lot of children 
sixteen years of age who would 
infinitely better off if they 
spend part of their idle time pick 
berries or pulling weeds insteadj 
running wild and going to ruin, 
the law and the busy-bodies say 
* a a 
SOME of the thoughts inspired | 
the work and conditions at Neshan 
Gardens are along the line of 
parisons made with past experie 
We built an implement shed fif 
by thirty feet this spring. It is 
ed on three sides, the high sidei 
yet closed. The lumber for this 
cost 167.50. I well remember 
father sold as much and better 
ber for f7! In those days we\ 
good lumber for every use and 
were burned- Previous genera 
did not foresee when thej' were 
ing the great forests of the State I 

1. 1926 

"PennMjftVania Farmer 


opposite." Probably tnis is nov .u. ^ ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^ ,, 

point of similarity If tween fish and tne ^^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^^^^ ^^ 

human beings, but the market gard- 
ener has reason to believe it is. 
• •' a 
THOSE in a position to know have 
found that consumers make a run 
on one or more vegetables in one 
season whUe the next year they may 
demand something entirely different. 
This, of course, makes no difference 
except with vegetables which are con- 
temporary and compete with each 
other. The market gardener who 
plants on the strength of what 
buyers consumed largely last year 
may be sadly disappointed when 
he finds they have turned to some- 
thing different thU year. This vagary 
of human practice is often as dis- 
concerting to produce as is the 
weather. The safest rule is to produce 
some of all the staples in the right 
proportions each year. Low prices 
caused by gluts do not bring about 
a corresponding increase in consump- 
tion. People who jump into produc- 
ing large acreages of a commodity 
simply because it brought high prices 
last year are short sighted and fool- 

ber would bring the fabulous pr 
of today. It used to be that the i 
who built a brick house was consid 
an aristocrat because it cost so 
more than one built of lumber, 
lumber is among the most expe 
building materials, but we 

have it. 

a a a 

THE Oriental peach pest is 
us again this year but the dar 
not severe. They have blighted I 
ends of some of the young 
The peach orchard has been cultiT 
pretty regularly and we have 
to believe that thorough cultiv 
is the best bet in the regulatioij 
this pest. One row of trees wiij 
in a row of red riwpberries an 
course, could not be cultivated cV 
The trees in this row seem to 
had two or three times as many ! 
about them as have the other.s. 
year we propose to try out difW 
sprays in addition to thorough cu" 
tion. The red raspberries have 
cut out. We did not like th-m 
way. They were the St. RegiH 
P. K. 


BeMending the Birds 


',u». li J'ention PennsylvanU Farmer 
^""^ j lyi. when writing t« adTertiaera. 

IFETEJL a duty to the bird.'! thai 
about my home In herds. I'd 
to hare them feel the need of pp»* 
shelter, drink or feed; I'd hatp tor 
them snoop amund afraid of 
■f.^t< r>? found' 

I built a fountain years ago. a I 
- all thirsty blrdlets know, and ' 
year from early spring they 
there to sip and sing. 'Most overTj 
Ing bird. I think, from humming | 
to bobolink, heads in at that old fount 1 made to wet >» J ^J'^^J^^ J 
shade. Birds gather there In heat of day to bathe and waah the du..t 
they love to flutter In the pool; thpy whtek away revived and cool 

At our old home when meal time comes we »ave and Kaf"*"^ *" 
crumbs; we gather all looae grains of wheat, we save up crusts and 
of meat, and these are scattered in the graaa where birds may bai.q 


Now. many fellows like to aay they have no time to throw •'^"'^ . 
horbed." they aay. "with big affairs we never stop for «P""tng na'"^' 
have no time, nor place, nor words, for sUly little things like bird.*- 

But. spite of all such fellows say I'm glad I wasn't buflt that way- 
never been 90 ba»y yet, so "big" and rushed that I forget the il"''| 
that come each spring to live with me, and nert,andBlng!— J. Bd*- 

The Business of Farming 

^^r^ ^* 



cost distribulioiiy perm i tt in g the deliveiy 
of live stock to the yards without notice- 
able shrinkage, and grain to the elevator 
the day prices are best, while the best 
market, though distant, can be Sf>lf>cted 
for the sale of other produce. 

low prodnctioB costs, greater production 
per acre and insures the work being done 
at just the right time. 

Several new Ford' btiilt body types are 
now available which will make the Ford 
truck exactly fit all farm hauling needs. 

See the Nettreet Autlwrixed Ford Dealer 

C^^ Dvtroit, Mlchicaa ^ ^ 


Ferdson Triple* 


FendM* $35 Mtm 



a'J'l .w • I 


PennsptVania Farmer 

August 1, 

\t 1, 1925 

PennsptVania Farmer 



> tM f ■^■■ ■Im— M wi 



Extra Per Acre 

The Penn»>lvinia Experi- 
inent Station conductea ex- 
perimenti ^^ iih ieriihier* in i 
rotation of com, oait, wheat 
end hay, over a period of K) 
yean — beginning in 1881. Soil 
was Hagcniown >ilt loam. 
Plot* fertiliied with phoa 
phoric acid plua 200 Iba. mur- 
Mte of potaan produced iheae 
extra >ielj!: com 8.5 buahela, 
oat* $2 bushels, wheal 1.2 
bu*hels,hay 1091 lb*, per acre. 
Deducting COM of fertilizer, 
these extra yields produced 
t20.40 mote per acre. 
When poush was left out of 
the mixtun, the extra yield 
dropped to S10.77 per acre 
over the tinfertiliied plot. 
Thus 200 lbs. munale of pot- 
ash brought $10.13 extra net 
iBcomc diM to potash alone. 
For wheM crop* on residual 
•oils $00 lb*, of 3 10-10 pet 
acre is recommended. For 
other soils your wheat fenil- 
ixcr ahould have 4 to 6' o 

Votash Pays! 

more bushels of 


per acre 

MANY winter wheat growers did it last year — many 
will do it next year— yo« can do it too. 
Instead of increasing your winter wheat acreage, get 
mote bushels oi grain irom each of your acr^ — grain 
that is plump and grades high. 

Prepare your seed bed a little better than last year; se- 
lect your seed carefully— and see that your fertilizer is 
high grade and well-balanced— with plenty of potash 
in your mixture. 
And do this— 

Have a chat with your county agent, or write to your 
State Experiment Station— they'll tell you, just as you 
read here, that your young plants must have potash for 
jtrength— potash to produce /irTn,pJump grain— potash 
to lengthen the head of your grain. 
A shortage of hay has been forecasted. Avoid a shott 
clover hay crop next year by putting in clover with 
your winter wheat — and use plenty of potash in your 
mixture to improve the stand of your clover — as well 
as for increased yields of quality wheat. 

Genuine ® German 





Sale. Agents H. J. Baker * Bro.— 81 Fwlton St.. New Yorl, N. Y. 


fHofff, Poultry "^^ 

Dairy Cattle 

Poultry, swine and dairy cattle must 
have protein and minerals if they are 
to get the best from their farm ration. 
Mix Oberco with the feed you are using 
and see the difference. 

Write for details. Practical poultry- 
men, hog raisers and dairymen have 
tried Oberco and it has produced sur- 
prising results. Write for booklet. 

E^st Coast Trading Company • 

(Subsidiary of) ^ 


^ Established 1840 i 

s 730Ober BIdg. Baltimore, Md. A 



^ Enables yoa 
^^ to sort and grade 

^ 75 to 700 bushelsoflong 
or round potatoes per hour 
into the two Government sizes. 
Eliminates culls and dirt at the same 
time. Due to patented endless belt, there 
is lessthan 3% variation in size (rem Gov- 
ernment grades. Can't bruise or injure 
potatoes. Thousands in use. Operate 
by hand, motor or engine. Price $40 and 
up. Writtforinterrsling booklet. 
24 Main St.. Atlanta. N. Y. 

Berry and 
Flower Plants 

Strmlxrri-. Ilaipivrrv. 
n I a c k li e r r y, Orare. 
liMoscberrj', Currant 
1>1hiiU for Hfi'!«Miib« r aiul 
tMifftld'f ptaiiniit?. ll"!lv- 
lir. k. HanLv I'Ulox. l>cl- 
Plitiiiujit. Ilanlv rhn^4iittif'iiiuni, t'"i1ninlMiM', S*\ ot 
%VimMn. WnlllliiwiT «r..l h7 <.tliir kinds nt inTcmiuil 
Simriir i>1uil« foe mmimr »ii<l Ull iilaiillnB,— sll %m 
fiNth hanCv, ll>iiii! out (loirs iluiliiii wintft, anil will 
W<inm ni'it Mimiiii r l'iu,-|i». Ili*>i-^. Shriilw. Climli 
Jiu; Vlili-s. Ilrdifc PUiiU-. TiiliD HiiIIk. l'iiljlii;.nii> fr i- 

Harry B. Squires, hampton .*y.. 




Qiiit'k mid •'ani|ilt't<> In nrtlnn. Ka.sily appIleU 
with dilll nr His-PiUltT. Inmvaws vtop yield. Best 
im 111-' iriiirlipt. 

Write t 'c!;»v for prirpH and t^-stijnonittl'* 



Jrflirinn Counly, W. Va 


8 Kinds. Smwttb chdff or b* anlr*!. 
Heavy yiciiJi-fs. Proven rchiihU'. 
Ctcaned cl*'Hf>---t*o w*«dB— Kr»ded !■> rer- 
lection. Coau very littl« I'ayiibig rtturt^ii. 

Hoffman's Seed Wheat 


New W)if3t ('aUlt>e Free, nl.^r.^f x»,!i, .^, 
Wb«at Samp»p». Wntr t."i^> . U a u- 
to |«y y*m ' 

A. N. HOrrMAN, Inc. 

t^mH^vWr. L«ncaM»r Co.. P«. 


Ffnm iHiro bn^l. liis|«(«l<U and ciUlid (leciis. C. O. D. 
"liiliminU. I.he Deliiin OiiiininlfiHj. 
prlri** on 25 
V.'ii'o BH'I llrfnm T^p^onu $2.R0 

Garden and Truck Crops 

W. C, PELTON, staff ConUibutor simI Adviser 

Maniiger Pomona Gardem, Newark, Delaware 

The Good and Bad Features of Interplanting 

IN A small place there is often 
a temptation to make the most 
of the land by interplanting crops 
closely. We have yielded to this 
temptation several times lately. A 
small part of a canning tomato field, 
which was not planted in tomatoes, 
was set in Savoy cabbage, the rows 
four feet apart so that they could 
be worked with the tomatoes. Now 
that the tomatoes have become too 
large to be worked by horse power, 
leaving the cabbages to be worked 
with wheel hoe, we have planted 
single rows of snap beans between 
the cabbage rows. 

Between other rows of late cab- 
bage planted three feet apart we 
have planted spinach, which we think 
ought to be ready for sale in four 
weeks. There will be some crowding 
here, and of course, the wheel hoe 
or tractor will be needed to work 
these rows. 

Extra Cost Offset 

The factor that decided the matter 
of planting the spinach was the 
presence of an irrigation pipe. We 
were not at all sure that the late 
cabbage would pay for irrigation. By 
adding t^ spinach we have two 
crops to use the water, and we think 
the extra cost of cultivating by hand 
will be offset by improvement in 
yield and earliness due to irrigation. 

We have crowded some late pep- 
pers into a beet bed and an aster 
bed, too. This is a doubtful prac- 
tice, both because beets are thought 
to be hard on the land, and because 
the harvest of both beets and asters, 
extending over several weeks, makes 
the ground very compact between the 
rows. We hope to make up for the 
hardness of the ground by throwing 
out shallow furrows on both sides of 
the pepper rows, before the pepper 
roots have run out very far. We 
shall sprinkle hen manure with some 
acid phosphate in these furrows, cov- 
ering them with fine soil and gradu- 
ally throwing more loose soil to- 
ward the pepper rows. 

This practice, with an occasional ir- 

I ri\n.Miiii UotHii a CIO 

Rhndr Inland Redi 3.00 

\\u\{ i-i-,i th ii«*! xm 

Willi.' Wiariil'iiM .n.SO 

,Mixi<l rliicli* 2.25 

Frci; (*dUt(i]i aiuj i»rif4's nii lirrrcr l(K«. 
Box 103. Bellcfontr. Pa. 




$ 8.00 


10. mi 


12 00 


rigation if the weather turns dry,i| 
bring a pepper crop, or it mayj 
Ordinarily a newly plowed 
to be chosen for this midseason ; 
ing, but in this case we could | 
provide it. 

Problem of Intercropping 

There are several points ttl 
looked out for in arranging u| 
tercroppiig system. It almost [ 
ways takes more work to cattl 
the two crops planted together [ 
for the same two planted seps 
market conditions or weather! 
not permit the removal of thtl 
tercrop as soon as expected, andf 
the main crop is injured by 

The harvest of one may mi 
soil hard between the rows, 
combination of cabbage and 
the use of poison on the cabbapl 
bring danger to the user of titl 
tuce, and in other combinatioul 
two crops are apt to need difi[ 
spraying or dusting treatmenti 
cessitating many trips over theJ 
ground. Straightness of rowij 
uniform distances between ro» 
highly important. 

The need for economy in 
the chief factor that brings 
planting or companion croppinfj 
favor. The possibility of mj 
greater use of an irrigation sjJ 
or of a particularly desirablej 
posure or type of soil, is 

A Barberry Bee 

IN OROBR to rift the Carlislrj 
In Cumberland County of 
bushes, a "Barberry Eraditatioij 
will be held on August II, 
County Agent P. L. Edingcr. 
for the event were worked outj 
field meeting of farmers and b« 
men and all present volunteered! 
sist in the drive. Salt will 
plied to each plant of whichj 
are estimated to be at least 
the vicinity surrounding Carli 
A. L. B. 

Keeps the Apples Until Prices Ar^ Right 

fTlELL the adverti.ser you saw 
J. adv. in Pennsylvania Farmer. 

MJ. KUNICEL, of Schuylkill County, has a novel and practical^ 
getting 60c a half peck for his apples In early summer. He " 
father before him have been storing apples in the storage cf"''' . 
In the picture. The temperature Is kept down with natural Ice s'"^ 
the Ice holding loft over the apple room. 

The Ice supply chamber adjoins the storage and has a caparity 
tons, while the storage room will .satisfactorily store 2500 bu.sheUol| 
until the new fall crops enter the markets. Th^ walls of the stoiagM 
hollow masonry construction with cork Insulation and cement .stuccoj 
ing. The Ice storage chainher Is of frame construction well InsulatP^ 
cork and other heat resistant materials. 

County Agent Bollinger calls this the outstanding storage P" 
Schuylkill County ,- 

is New Cata^lDgue is Youvs Free 

.very Page is a New 
tpporfunlty for Saving Money 

WIS Big, Complete, 700 Page 
Catalogue— filled with bright 
merchandise— is Youra Free! 
the coupon below will bring you 
» Catalogue free- or merely write 

'f*??^'"'^ *° ^y you want your 
1^01 this book of amazing bargains, 

A $50 Saving 

I May Just as Well 

Be Yours 

hj r>"«s are the lowest prices 
pvhich standard quality goods 
I be sold. Therefore, sending all 
r *"■«'«" to Ward's means a sav- 
|to you of at least $50 in cash. 
|rfow are these lower than market 
|fs possible?" "Why can Ward's 
Icheaper?" Ward's big values are 
¥e possible by these three things: 

Knn 'h T *"•'"'•»• ^°'^ *ha" 

ri'U.UUO dol1^r<! Jr. ,--,,», .-_ ,,.,J ;^ 

ter",^'?^"'«»c for" each iMue of 
r * Catalogue. Everyone knows 

that big orders and apot cash get 
the lowest prices. 

— expert buying. Every dollar's 
worth of goods at Ward's is bought 
by an expert— men who know values, 
who know what to h\xy— where to 
buy— and when to buy. 

—buying in every market. The 
markets of the world are searched to 
secure these values for you. Months 
in advance our buyers go to every 
market with ready cash to search 
and find the biggest values the whole 
world offers. 

"Ward Quality" 

Means Reliable Goods 


Ward's low prices are always on 
goods of standard reliable quality. 
Never forget that quality and price 
boiii are necessary to make a bargain, 
"We never sacrifice quality to make 
a low price," Our low prices are made 

without cutting serviceability. We do 
not sell cheap unsatisfactory goods 
to make a seemingly low price. 

Ward's Quality is always high, the 
prices low — which means Ward's 
Savings to )K)u are real savings. 

1,000,000 More FanUlies 

Ordered from Ward's 

Last Year 

Write for your Catalogue. Study the 
big values. Know the right price to 
pay for standard goods. See for your- 
self how much you can save. See why 
over 1,000,000 new customers started 
saving money by sending their orders 
to Ward's last year. 

Everything for the Farm, the 
Home and the Family— almost 
everything you or your family needs 
to wear or to use is shown in your 
copy of this big complete Catalogue. 
And one copy is to be yours Free— i'/ 
you fill in this coupon Now! 

Fill out this coupon 

and the new Catalogue 
will be sent you 


ontgomeir Ward ©Co 

Tfw Oldest Mail Order House is Today the Most Proffn 

Kansas City St. Paul Portland, Ore. 

tore Ch 


Oakland, Calif. Fort Worth 


To Montgomery Ward 6t Co. Dept. 55 -H 
Uliaorr CUean* Usm%m* €Hj Si Pts! 
Portland. Ore. Oakland. CaJif. ' Fort Worth 

(Mail this coupon to our house nearest you.) 
Please mail my free copy of Montgomery 
Wards complete Fall flt Winter Catalogue. 


Local address , 

Pot Office 



Pennsylvania Farmer 

August 1. 


Conducted by 


*» u 


Weekend Guests on the Farm 

Plans That Make It Possible to Keep Open House 

OUR week-end visitors are folks 
who love the country and can- 
not pay cash for the priTilege of 
spending a few days in it. We keep 
open house the year around, and find 
it little trouble 

Following 4s a schedule that, with 
modlficatioTis. can be used to advan- 
tage, visitors or no visitors. (I shall 
note only the biggest job of each day 
and reserve Monday, the most im- 
portant day. until last): 

A Schedule That Works 

Tuesday, washing, including the 
sprinkling of the clothes: Wednes- 
day, ironing and mending: Thursday, 
cleaning upstairs; Friday, cleaning 
downstairs; Saturday, preparing for 
the company; Sunday. Sabbath 
RChool and church; Monday, the D.\T 

Saturday's preparations are con- 
fined mostly to the menu, which Is 
for three meals only, and here is a 
sample menu (thi? week's): 

DINNER (Sunday mldaft^rnoon) : 
Stewed chicken, plenty of gravy, 
fresh peas, ma^ht-d potatoes, cucum- 
bers with sour cream drer'sing. pine- 
apple, cake and iced tea. (City people 
love food prepared with milk o: 

BREAKFAST (Sunday morning): 
Fruit, cereal, bam and eggs (more 
popular than anything else) toast 
and coffee. 

DINNER (Sunday midafternoon): 
Chicken creamed In its own gravy 
(always plan to havt^ meat left over 
from Saturday's dinner); potato 
cakes, buttered beets, lettuce and to- 
mato salad, pudding and coffee. 
Bread, butter, and .some kinri of 
sweet ":jpread" with every meal. 

The v i 3 i t o r s' share: Wa.^hlng 
dl.-hes. keeplnc their room* in orltr, 
preparint; th'^ toast and main di-ih 
for Sunday's breakfast, if they are 

They work for us and we work for 
them, and both have the Joy and 
.stimulation of congenial company. 

Monday, the Say of Rest 
The rest la due more to change 
of occupation than idleness, altho 
now and then almost all spare time 
is spent in reading or outdoors 
Usuaily. it is spent in catching up 
with tht> correspondence and book- 
keeping, preparation o/ next Sun- 
day's lesson, studying and corre- 
spondence course lesson (going to 
school is a very pleasant, as well as 
instructive, habit to take into all 
periods of one's life), and any other 
little work that uses mental rather 
than physical energy. Meals on this 
day are very little trouble, because 
there ar-^ always left-overs. I gen- 
pr illy put tbf house In order but this 
takf^* only about two hours. — K. 
W. H. 

partd garden soil and set in the 
plant. Firm the soil about it smooth- 
ly. Some root them in flat or shal- 
low boxes, transplanting as they 

Provide a goodly bit of room. They 
grow rapidly when properly cared 
for. Training them into semi-dwarf, 
compact habits renders them more 
readily cared for. 

Treatment After Plantii^ 

Include a bit of your chosen fer- 
tilizer in each pot, not touching the 
roots lest they "bum." Protect the 

The type of plant to store in the cellar for the winter. 

speedily. They certafaily 
wonderfully to care and are 
of all praise and love aecordell 
— Oertrade Sbockey. 


You Can iHave Flowering 

Plants Both Winter and 


\1U HAT if they don't chance to 
' * be the most popular of prea- 
ent-day flowers? Certainly they 
furnish most effective winter beauty. 
To me. there are times and places 
when nothing but red fills the gap. 
dull, cold winter days when one feels 
that warm, pleasant days are gone 
forever. My scarlet geraniums with 
tiieir blooms of glowing color are the 
cheeriest of all indoor flower com- 
panions, then. 

Some years ago a friend gave me 
a strong, healthy cutting from her 
favorite — a prince of red geraniums. 
From it I have grown countless 
others. Even now I have fine young 

not ready to breakfast with the fam- 
ily, who miHt l)e in the Sabbath 
school by ten .\. M. They know we 
have but two meals on Sundays, and 
are advised to bring "snacks" to 
ward off more frequent hunger. (We 
would not be expected to remain 
from church, which closes about 
12:30. to give them a lunch, when 
we do without ourselves.) 

They All Brini: Oifts 

Our visitors never come empty- 
handed; they desire the kind ot 
meals we have, and In return bring 
us food equivalent. We could not af- 
ford to feed so many so often. As It 
Is there la no thotight of imposition. 

This win give you winter bloom. 

plants from sun and wind until they 
are safely growing; shower fre- 
quently, hut rather sparingly, es- 
pecially at first. 

Never remove wrappings from 
those ordered from florists until ready 
to set immediately. Keep the pack- 
ages, or roots, well dampened until 

The above protection, these late 
summer rains and heavy nightly dews 
should start them growing very 

Hot Weather He 

IN A comer of my dining i 
the handiest little cookiii{| 
I ever had. It consists of a liu 
burner oil stove with a one 
oven, and I believe I paid 
less than |6 for it two years ^ 
can bake a layer cake or 
more quickly and satisfactori 
than in the average wood ov( 
the house is not heated appi 
at all. 

If I want a meat pie and i 
dessert for dinner, the two 
ly together and my other 
free for any purpose for whi( 
be needed. 

Hay Box for Long CooUl 

Out in my back kitchen ii| 
much larger, four-burner 
with a two-burner oven, 121 
inches, and 20 inches high. 
ovens have glass doors and 
grate. The large stove cost 
or ten years ago. On very 
all my cooking and other st 
can be done there without heU 
rest of the house a bit. 

Close beside the big oil sto 
hay box, and anything reciuin 
cooking may be started bo^ 
the oil stove, tightly coven 
popped quickly into the hay 
it will continue to cook slo« 
am ready to serve it. 

Another heat and fuel sa\l 
•Ituninum kettle with perfor«ti 
compartment for cooking oth« 
at the same time, the bi'ttod 
kettle is occupied. The niostf 
use to which I put this utea 
cook greens in the kettle 
my potatoes over them.— Mb 

plants well started and growing, each 
with either a fat bud or perhaps a 


Not Difficult to Raise 
Geraniums are so easy to have, 
once one gets a start. They may be 
grown from rooted plants, cuttings 
and even fi>om seed, although this 
latter is a slow, not-so-sore method. 
Geraniums love sunshine, moisture 
and a moderately rich soil. Failure 
to grow them usually means failure 
to provide these conditions. 

Choose containers of a size to suit 
the plant or cutting. Puncture for 
drainage, fill with light, well pre- 

The Journey:— A Parablj 

ONCE upon a time there was a woman who wa.s plannini: a' 
journey. She was years in preparation. She collecto I cW 
and hats and jewels and bags. She hoarded her money. W^ 
length she had all the things she thought necessary. 

• This woman was a fusser. and when she had settled her 
the train for her journey, she began to fuss. She had to »ia«J 
water and .she had to keep brushing her hat, brushing her (ireaj 
hru.shing her coat. She was *o cumbered with things that snej 
forced to fuss about them. 

The woman fussed about the food served her. She 'lom* 
to be shown the kitchen. She feared the food was unclean. 

A tiny baby, with its mother, was following the dafl'V 'M 
baggage coach ahead. The woman fussed because the bi''*' "^ 
and demanded that mother and child be removed to anoth' r f» 

The rojwh was too hot. — or too cold — and the woman f»' 
There was a beautiful flying landscape, but •»he saw It m 
was a winding river. biU .nhe saw At not. There was a snow-caj 
mountain peak in the distance, but she saw it not. She was 
pletely engrossed with Things. 

At length the trainman called the Joamey's end. 

"Oh." said the woman, "Can It be we are here already? 
T have been getting ready tor this Jonmey rtl my life! Had I • 
the Journey would be so short, I wjmld HOC l«Te fussed so 
and would have taken time to eujtjy It." , 

We homemakers are on our journey thm life. The Journen 
not be ao very long. Are we ao emnoisrea with thin^ that wejl 
no time to .see the glorious sunsets, the fields of growing corn, a"! 
acres of waving grain' To listen to the laughter of the little T 
and the song of the oriole and meadow lark? Or shall ^^' ' I 
Jonrney'3 end, be ready to say: J 

"It was a lovely Journey. I have enjoyed every minute of "i 
May H .Mumaw, 

[Augn.-l 1, 1925 

For Busy Fingrers 

Vennsytvania Farmer 


OiractliMU for Oidarlng. — Oi*e fi(uxa< 
■ n4 lett^ri ot e»ch p.ittern exactly at 
priatvd at becinning of eaeh dvicription. 
OiTe huit neaiarei when ordariag walit 
liatlerns, wtiit meaiure for ikirt, and 
jge for children'! patterni. Addrai* 
l>enni)'lrinU Fartner, 261 8. Third 
Street, Pbiladalphla, Pa. 

iXti. — For ■ Llttl* Tot. — nimltv, challis 
•r batiste, Rlso voile and tub i41ka may 
'..■ used for this model. Four elzea : S, 4, 
. Mnd 8 years. A aix-ye-ar «i«e reKjulree 2^4 
irds of 32-inch material. Pattern, 10 
■ f-nts. 

ttll7. — Aew Komperi (or Small ChUd. — 

his littl(* jumper model huK a seiULratc 
uimpp. and outstanding pockets, which 
\\\\ ple.ise the little wearer because bo 
lany thinga mar l>e ■towed therein. The 
leitign is excellent for wash roaterlala as 
veil ns for flannel and jersey weaves. 
i'our sizes : 2, 3, 4 and 5 years. A four- 
vear Bize requires 1«4 yard of 2T-lnch ma- 
lerjal for the KUlmpe if made with lone 
Meevea. or m yard If made with short 
sleeves The rompers require 1% yard. 
t'.ittern. 10 cents. 


SIW.— 4 8lm»to Attraetlr* Dress for 

Mteat FlKaref. — Dotted percale, printed 
• repe or voile, as well as Klnrham or 
iiiien may be used for this desif^n. The 
I'.mel may be of contrasting material. 
Nine aizea : >S, (0. 42, 44, 4S.4S. SO. 62 and 
■ t Inches bust measure. .V 42-lncll size re- 
'inires 4«i yards of S6-inrh material. For 
'•"' panel of contrasting material one- 
•'•■ilf yard cut crosswiae Is required. The 
>v(<tth of the skirt with plaits extended la 
-<4 yards. Pattern, 10 cents. 



..l,a. _\ Niyiiaii Mown.— This will be 
•_' .•Uractlve in checked or flgured Bilk 
"!•« vpstee and peasant sleeve portions 

• ..V 1.. ,.f .(.iitrastlng material. The peae- 
« ■.."i).".'i"'-*' '"' "^"Ti^ted. Six sizea: S4. 
«. 3», 10, 42 and 44 Inches buat meaBnre 

* .lin,. h Hize if made as illustrated in 
W" Urice view will require 5'. yards of 
». iMih material, with one-quarter yard of 

••""....line material for the vestee cut 
•-.uiK,^ ^Vith peasant sleeves one-half 
« I ,.? "?* ■*"« material as the veetee 
Fsrut, Pattern, 10 cenu. 



^*!'— * PreWf PrMk.— White crepe 

••'11 trimming of lace bands and embrold- 
"r> IS here shown. The dress may be 
•nnsi,. d »v|th the sleeves short or In wrist 
'•••isih K„„r „|,,eB. 8, 10, 12 and 14 years. 
s ipn-yeiir size requires SVi yards of 40- 
J" 1 "iMterial if made with long sleeves. 
-.'. -Iw.rt sleeves 2', y.irds will be re- 
««ir..,i. Pattern, 10 ceata. 

ii:i.— In Ssupesder Style.— riKui.d 
"^'Pe and plain serce are here combined. 
,,„„,"""''■' '• •'•» attractive In linen and 
'■"cliMin. Four sizef : 6. 8. 10 and 1? 
t^i'Z'' * '"-ye""" «l«e requires lU yard of 
► H '""»"<«' With tH yards of flgured or 
f;i1 " ne Inches wide. If made of 

»■ required. Pattern. 10 cents. 

•••nrsVe ' fi.!" ""!" *i •'""»•• *•' »■' •«•• 

Lois Wibon 

u Ho apptan in 
Runlet o( Red Gap 
Montieut Beiucaiie 
North of 36 

Ernest Torrence 

u no d^Asflfs in 
Wen ot (he Wat«r Tover 



Betty Comp$on 

wKo Rorifo 
Lodced Doon 
To Have and To Hold 
ThcFaK Set 

You can see a dishpan 

Now let's see a Paramount Picture! 
Kitcheiu are placet to quit after 
supper: tonight's the night — so let 
the dishpan got 

Any home looks a better home when 
you've juK enjoyed one of the better 
pictures, because you are full of the excite- 
ment of the adventures you have seen, aad 
don't feel the load of work and monotony 
so heavy. 

Paramount Pictures are scheduled at 
some theatre t>ear you now/ Keep them 
there by showit«g your appceciation by 

This news meaxu the sight of a really 
great show whenever you wish it, such 
plays as Merton of the Movies, Feet of 
Clay, The Border Legion, Bluff, The Bed- 
room Window, a great mystery plav, 
Worldly Goods, scores morel 

Paramount is not only very different to 
the rough and ready shoot-'em-up stuff that 
the movies used to be, but it provides every 
Idnd of motioQ picture, from great dramas 

of the atrug^cs of virtue a^aittst viae in 
mectopobtan life, or plots of strange to- 
oumoe in foreign scenes, to light-hearted 
oonedies or the outdoor adventure pic- 
tures of our own West, from Zane Grey's 
works. In short, if it's a photoi^y. 
Paramount does it better. 

Get the motion picture habit and etaioy 
your life more. Radio and autos and bet- 
ter roads are all part of these better tixotts. 
No need for young folks to quit home! 

Communities grow quicker with Para- 
mount Pictures. Conversation brighteiu. 
Hearts are lighter and your shopping trip 
becomes a pleasure trip. 

Get out and go today. Go once on our 
lay-so and we shall never need to do more 
in future for you than keep on making the 
better pictures. 

And give the theatre manager a word of 
praise for getting you the better pictures; 
tell him to 'et you know when he shows 
Psran>ount Pictures; he will appreciate 
your interest— he's human jutt like youl 

SUchord Dix 

•vKe Jtara St 

TooMaar KiMss 


AcfBonBC LiOW 
StiuMffS III ncttvcB 

Choose your pictures 
by this name and trademark 


Raymond GriffA 

u ho apptan in 
Chaafins Huibaads 
Mtu Bluebeard 
fbRT Wtak* 

• Paramount Picture 

show in town! 

Be Protected! 

uui- 1 iX^t? «*fr4 j%y mot^j, tint aomsii0ie 
pmterttmi and reli«ne.i ron of dl llihllirr In 
r»t» ft aeeldsit to tor naa you Urr. 

Our Polkj Provides Pratectian far 
Owners or Employer 

and ir Injured lie l« peid cngipnuatisn at Inoi 
• • lie H anahir l« vnrt. pla* hl( Doelv sod 
lloepltal MUl. 

Writi Ht MV rat«i TODAY t 

BC rRCPAani 

Pciina. Thresherman & Farncrs' 
Mutual Casuatay Insurance Co. 

311 Kunkel BMc. Harriabura. Pa. 

Holland Bulbs 

Holland Crown; Order NOW 


Brit fi>r pmUdx or tu*tn um Olwiiw Kli- 
ture. 49 1<a II: J«n fbr %i 

In ■.'xmn'.r aglm. anrs Ur«e feella. Wt tat 
»1: III' for Jt 


10.1 f,.r II 


.SHule ar Soubla. 10 fW tl; IM f«r tS 

Mil.-.! nr Msarato mlon. ICliii«Mr> ne to«l- 
fUna <lf. It tor tL PotUac ^m. IS tm tl: 
liii" Ut U. 

All Bulfee Seat Pertsa t S SeaS f«r WiMliMilt LM 

J. S. CAMPBELL. Mi. Holly, N.J. 

A M«4cni BathraM^ $S0 

raOMaU M! K,,.,,,..] Il.'h:'!". ••■<l B...i, !»■ i*„.n 
.^ -luB I nroui. Tmlrt ind Tank «ia> Nink,i r«u 
"^» Trap and .^uptili PJiim Ottfan->.-.1 u,l 
manrfjotami b. J I. Mnft m r««pu>e lu» ar 
J2"5!5* !^ .H«Un« HBPidia, aMcnWS la our 
turn rrt» CMaiocDp l»ii 


ass Wast as^au. N^MCftr 

Plea»c Mcatioa Peodtylvanui Fanner When Writing to Advertisef* 



Tennsytvania Farmer 



From Forum Friends 

Dear Cousin Ruth and Forum 
Friends: We live on a farm of sixty 
acres. I am eleven years old and am 
going to be in the seventh grade 
when school begins. 

We have many Sweet William 
flowers, all different kinds, in a 
garden. Do you love flowers, Cousin 
Ruth? We have nice pussy cats. We 
have no dog. We have :wo horses 
and six cows. I have a camera and 
took some pictures. I got it by sell- 
ing candy. — Margaret Wright, Lehigh 
county, Pa. 

the time it was printed. Try again. 

Dear Cousin Ruth and Forum 
Friends: We live on a farm, that is 
mother and daddy and I. I haven't 
been away yet. But I want to go as 
soon as we get through threshing. 
We will finish next week. — Kathryn 
Atwell, Kent county, Md. 

We have 

Dear Forum Friends: 
wonderful times together. 

We love nature and all the different 
seasons. When spring is here and the 
first sprout of grass is shooting forth 
from the earth we are off tramping 
the woods and hills for wild flowers 
and looking and listening for birds. 
In summer we help our parents with 
the crops all we can. Some hot days 
we all take our lunch and go to the 
cool woods. But when fall comes we 

Dear Cousin Ruth and Forum 
Friends: I have just finished read- 
ing the letters on the Young People's 
Forum page. I was reading the let- 
ter that Esther Sharpless wrote. 
I believe I will try to get a needle- 
work guild club started somewhere 
around here. Esther, I would like 
to know more about the Junior 
Needlework Guild. I never happened 
to hear of the guild, but I am glad 
Esther wrote about it. I am eleven 
years old. — Victoria Baldwin, Erie 
county, Pa. 

"I'm glad your interested in the 

Kiirlivl Allpmnn, Danphln Coanly, Ph. 

gather apples and nuts, and help bury 
cabbages and turnips, like the little 
ants, getting prepared for winter. 

Winter finds us all around the 
stove cracking nuts and the older ones 
read stories. 

Some days we all put on our coats 
and caps and go coasting down some 
large hill and make snow men. — 
Rachel Alleman, Dauphin county. Pa. 

Dear Cousin Ruth and all: I en- 
Jpy leading the letters every Fridaiy 
when we get the Pennsylvania 

The first thing I do is look for 
the Forum page. I ' live with my 
grandpa and he takes the Pennsyl- 
vania Farmer. I look for the paper 
'till the mailman comes. Then I spend 
the rest of the afternoon reading the 
Forum page. 

I think it is the best page in the 
bonk. I think it is fun to read the 
letters and write them to Cousin 
Ruth. I am sending a photograph of 
my sister, Betty. — Glady Housey, 
Centre county, Pa. 

I'm Borry Betty's picture wasn't 
clear enough to use on the page. Her 
face was in such a shadow that even 
you wouldn't have recognized her at 

guild work. I hope well have a page 
to tell all the Forum friends a whole 
lot about the National Needlework 
Guild of America. Watch for it. 

Dear Cousin Ruth and Forum 
Friends: I am eleven years old^my 
three brothers and I go to the Harts- 
horne School. For pets we have a 
large yellow and white dog which we 
call Pete, and a black and white 
kitten. There has been drilling done 
in our neighborhood for gas and oil, 
and we have a gas well on the farm 
we live on. 

I am sending a cake recipe: 


3 tablespoons shortening. 

1 cup sugar 

2 egg yolks. 

3 tablespoons cocoa 
Pinch of salt 

1 teaspoonful vanilla 

1 cup sour milk 

Whites of eggs 

2 teaspoons baking powder 

— Kathryn Veon, Beaver county, Pa. 

PI, WMVTF.S. M.l, 
Trrna M. sproal, Onlrf Coantj', Vtt. 

Dear Cousin Ruth and Forum 
Friends: I am sending you a picture 
of myself on my pet horse, Fred. I 
am very fond of riding horseback. I 

engine when we were threshing. I 
like horses. How many of you like 
them and have read the story of 
"Black Beauty"? It is the life of a 

While we were threshing the man 
who owned the engine would let me 
blow the whistle and stop and start 
the engine, and this pleased me very 
much. — Caroline Leatherman, Fred- 
erick county, Md. 

Fred's picture wasn't sharp enough 

to print on the page. I'm sorry be- 
cause I'd like Forum friends to see 
the horse you have so much fun with. 
Don't you suppose you can have your 
picture taken with him again and 
send it to us? COUSIN RUTH. 

Dear Cousin Ruth: I enjoy read- 
ing the letters in the Pennsylvania 
Farmer every Saturday or Monday, 
whenever we get it. 

I am ten years old and in the sixth 
grade. We play baseball and foot- 
ball. Baseball is my favorite game. 

August 1, 1925 

Ginger. He is just a puppy and car-l 
ries all the shoes out of the shed I 
Every night he goes to the pumpl 
house and waits for the men tol 
come with the milk and give hiul 
some. — Elizabeth F. Smith, Saleml 
county, N. J. 

August 1, 1926 

Vennsplvania Farmer 


Marearet Sejriar, Adams Coontjr, Pa. 

Dear Cousin Ruth: I live on A 
farm of about ninety-two acres. Mjl 
work is to feed the chickens. Wei 
have about 150 young chicks of whickl 
twenty are mine. I also have tejl 
ducks. I 

Cousin Ruth, I wish you could seel 
my collection of butterflies. I havtj 
the swallow-throats, tiger flies and! 
many other beautiful kinds. I wonJ 
der how many other boys and girlil 
are collecting insects. I 

I am eleven years old and have i| 
dog named Jackie. — Harry MarkejT 
Bedford county, Pa. 

I earn money by herding cows and 
delivering papers. — William Swain, 
Warren county, N. J. 

I'm glad you have a chance to earn 
some money of your very own. Have 
you a great big bank account by this 

Dear Cousin Ruth and Forum 
Friends: I am ten years old and 
was promoted in every lesson to the 
sixth grade. 

At my home on the side porch is a 
bird's nest which birds brought straw 
and sticks to build. I live in town 
but now I am visiting at my aunt's 
home in Easton. I am learning how 
to play a piano. 

I have a pet kitten, its color is 
black and gray stripes. I call it 
Stripe. It is always full of mischief. 
We did have two others but they dis- 
appeared and never came back again. 

I have a brother and two sisters; 
also a baby sister. Her name is 
Dorothy Virginia. She is six months 
old. I love to play with her. I spent 
the Fourth of July at home. 

Here is a recipe of 


One and one half pounds white 
sugar, half cup sweet milk; boil to- 
gether ten minutes. Add about one 
cup grated cocoanut, boil ten minutes 
more. Pour out on buttered dish. 
When cool cut into bars. 

I love them very much and hope 
you will like them also. — Mildred 
Cryer, Talbot county, Md. 

Dear Cousin Ruth: I am nine yeanl 
old and was promoted to the fiftti 
grade. I have taken music lessoul 
for a year and I can play "A Dreanl 
Song," "Rose Petals" and many otk. 
pieces. My teacher said that I ami 
one of her best pupils. I have tirif 
sisters, one is eleven and the otheT 
is eight. — Lillian B. Smith, Salt 
county, N. J. 

Dear Cousin Ruth and For 
Friends: We have over 6000 ber 
plants. We have bought a sma 
farm of our own now. We used 
live on a peach and apple farm.] 

I picked raspberries yesterday an 
am going to pick tomorrow again.- 
Thelma Tripp, Luzerne county, Pa. 

Dear Cousin Ruth: I have two 
sisters and live on a farm. My sis- 
ters' names are Lilla and Peggy. Lilla 
is nine years old and Peggy eight 
years old. My father has five horses 
and twelve cows. 

I have a pet dog; his name is 

Week's Forum Member 


BEAVER COUNTY.— .Sarah Unger (PlJ 
Kathryn Veon. 
BKDKORD COUNTY. — Harry Marke;| 
BLAIR COUNTY.— Iluth Rkh(«er. 


CHESTER COUNTY.— Marie Weaver. 

CLINTON COUNTY— Helen Grleli. 


ERIK COUNTY.— Victoria Baldwin 


LEHIGH COUNTY.— Margaret Wrlghll 

LUZERNE COUNTY.— Thelma Tripp f 

Elizabeth F .Smith. 

UNION COUNTY.— Helen Scha(rernoti| 

WARREN COUNTY. — Henry Swala| 
William Swain. 


CHEMUNG COUNTY.— Chester Fnott| 

Leatherman (P). 

KENT COUNTY.— Kathryn 


TALBOT COUNTY.— Mildred Cryr, 

find out what is the best thing 
to take before singing by letting the 
numbers given you in the "answer" 
stand for letters of the alaphabet. 
That is, of course, the figure "1" 
would stand for the letter "a," and 
so on. When you have found the answer 
send it to me on a postal card so that 
it reaches me by August 8th. BE 
ARE. I'm sorry to say that several 

* ,. ., .. 1, „ ,,. .,«,4 !,,,.„ t. » ,„ ,i!„;i,i« 

for the Honor Roll this week forgot 
to give your age, so, of course, I 
ct»uldn't count those answers. 

The ten children, sending in correct 
answers, whose cards are the best in 
grammar, spelling, punctuation, pen- 
manship and general appearance, will 
each be awarded a package of pic- 

Any child sending in six correct an- 
swers, excellent in the things men- 
tioned above (grammar, spelling, 
etc.) for six straight weeks, without 
missing, will receive an Honor Prize 
— a bright and shiny pencil, "always 
pointed," with a supply of leads. 

Address all replies to the 




The answer to the puzzle puMi?li 
in July 11 issue of Pennsylvana 
Farmer is: GO TO W-O-R-K. 

The prize winners are: G'orff 
Baker, age 10, Adrian, Pa.; Clan 
M. Chedester, age 9, Titusvillc, PM 
Francis Donahue, age 9, Bedford. P> [ 
Albert Herbert, age 7, Westminstrtl 
Md.; Jean Hower, age 9, Danville, Pm 
Loretta Miller, age 8, Jamestown. PM 
Grace A. Roberts, age 8, Chalfonll 
Pa.; Grace Schultz, age 7, Hcnforil 
Pa.; John Volpe, age 8, Derry. P»-| 
Charles Zern. Jr., age 8. Pennsbufff 


"Th \h <s To Take 


^ ^ xo "9 

Explorers from the Mu?Ufm of 
Natural Hi.story visit the Enrllesa Cav- 
^ ern« at New Market. Va. 

' ~fiRT' ,^''*'' •ran.sportatlon In Chlrago in 
1SS8. How many such skirts would such 
a car hold? 
— This Interesting ten-year-old journeyed 
aione all the way from Bangok, Siam, 
to attend school In Baltimore. 

4 — PhotoKraph .«pnt over the telephone from 
San Francisco to New York Citjr. 

5. — Miss C.itherlne Mealy, employed in the 
Trea.HUry Department at Washington, was 
voted the "most typical American girl" 
in Rovernnient .""ervice there. 

6. — Exceptions prove the rule — "Lady." the 
pup. is devoted to his friend "Nancy," the 
Persian puss. 

7. — Just the riKht .';izc for the Old Woman 
Who IJved in a Shoe — this "family-size" 
lee cream freezer. 

8.— Giin crew and officers of the 619th Coast 
Artillery mounted on their gun after tar- 
get practice. 

9.— The take-off of the New York Chicago 
night air-mail plane, .silhouetted agalnat 
flood lights. 


Pennstftvania Farmer 



Big Jack's Winning Fight 

By John Francis Case 

SMASH into thf big glove of 
caicher came the ball. Up i 

Up rose 

a cloud of dust as a desperately slid- 
ing form came into the plate, book- 
ing one f=pik«-d fhoe as the catcher 
stabbed with down f-wepf hands. But 
Big Jack, most eluj^ive of all Blanton 
players on the ba!=e lines, again had 
fooled an adversary and as Li arose 
TO brush the dust from his uniform 
The shouts of his mates and the Blan- 
ton followers acclaimed a tied Bcore. 
But up Jerked tbe thumb of the um- 
pire. "Out" was the loud voiced ver- 
dict and despite the angry protests 
of Jack Ferris and his mates tbe 
game was over and once more Blan- 
ton's team of farm lads had lost to 
their town rivals. There was a grin 
of satisfaction on the face of Siveaky 
Jake, captain of the Kingston nine. 
A tied score, a man on third and "Old 
Hoss" Williams up had boded 111 for 
the home team. It was a fine thing — 
Sneaky Jake would have called it al- 
mo.*t providential in this special 
case to have an umpire who could be 
trusted when it came to the "close 
one."." For Kingston didn't propose 
to be defeated by what they called 
tbe "pumpkin buskers." That would 
be a blow to town pfide. 

Traditional enemies were the base- 
ball teams representing tbe rural 
community of Blanton. distingtiisbed 
by its consolidated school and pro- 
gressive citizenship, and the thriv- 
ing llttlf" city of Kingston ten miles 
away. For five years no Blanton team 
had been able to win a game from its 
town rival which boasted member- 
ship in a fast inter-county league. 
But under the elHclent leadership of 
Big Jack Ferris, home for tbe sum- 
mer from attendance at tbe state col- 
lege of agriculture. Blanton bad per- 
tected a team which was putting fear 
Into the hearts of other leaders who 
had been wont to use Blanton merely 
as a practice team. As his mates 
said. Big Jack had picked up a thing 
or two as a substitute on tbe college 
team. "Beat Kingston?" was the slo- 
gan in every Blanton farm home. 
And in that first game of tbe season 
they had come mighty close to doinit: 
it. But "You can't beat ten men," 
complained Jim Elder, the pitcher. 
"Jack was safe by a mile: that catch- 
er never did touch him." His mates 
agreed but it didn't mean anything. 
Something else must be done. 

"I'll tell you. fellows." announced 
Big Jack as the truck bearing tbe 
Blanton boys rumbled on its home- 
ward way. "we've got to beat those 
fellows and rub It in. We'll do It 
fairly, too. I'd rather never win a 
game than win the way Sneaky Jake 
wins some. Afraid of us. they bad 
two of the best players from Carson 
on their team this time, and yet we'd 
have licked 'em if we'd have had a 
square deal. Jim, here is good, but 
we need him at second base so we 
ran use 'Old Hoss' as coach and to 
pinch bit. We're going to get a pitch- 
er, a farmer boy who can tie knots 
in those smart alec Kinpston guys 
who insist on calling us 'rubes.' 
We'll win the next game or I'll never 

feel like puttttig on a glove again." 

Tbe boys applauded with brave 
words of belief in their ability to do 
that very thing. But ia their hearts 
they knew that what Big Jack said 
was true. Jim Elder, would do his 
best but against the heavy hitters 
of a league team they needed a pitch- 
er with curves and speed. And "Old 
Hobs" Williams with bis rebumatic 
joints was not tbe player of years 
ago. Something must be done.- 

It was a short item in a farm 
paper that gave Big Jack the tip. 
Tbe story concerned a farm boy 
pitcher who had struck out twenty- 
one men in a nine-inning game and 
in addition had made three bits. 
"Any eighteen-year-old b»gb school 
boy who can do that," reasoned Big 
Jack, "can pitch ball against any 
team. If he's tbe sort of fellow who 
will play clean he's tbe lad for ns." 
So at the next meeting of the club 
"Old Hoss" Williams was delegated 
as scout. Down Into their pockets 
went the members of the Blanton 
team for the necessary expense mon- 
ey and Williams dropped corn plant- 
ing to journey to a distant commun- 
ity. A father of sons as well as a 
keen judge of ball playing a/bllity. 
"Old Hoss" could be depended upon 
to carry out Big Jack's instructions. 
"The paper says," informed Jack, 
"that this lad. Bddie Slade. is to 
pitch for Summerton again tomor- 
row afternoon. Oo watch him, Saa, 
and if he has the goods tell him our 
whole story. Of course we'll pay him 
for his time if he'll come, but the 
thing that will appeal to him if he's 
a real farm boy is to help a farmer 
team beat one that won't win fair. 
I could get one of our college pitch- 
ers but Kingston would kick on that. 
What we want is a real farmer-pitch- 
er who can play the game!" 

SO OFF to Summerton wen-t Saoa 
Williams, the first scotit in his- 
tory for a country team. Seemed as 
If it might be a fool's errand, this 
chasing off on an all night ride and 
leaving work undone. Big Jack an- 
nounced vaguely when questioned 
that he'd heard there were some 
good Shorthorn's around aboat Sum- 
merton and Williams was Interested 
in Shorthorns. 

It was mid-afternoon when Sam 
Williams reached the Summerton 
playing field and the game In prog- 
ress with Denville was underway. 
Out on the mound was a slim and 
boyish pitcher who wore the letter 
"S" upon his uniform. Smiling and 
confident he wound up and In came 
the hall, a white streak which made 
"Old Hoss" rub his eyes to make cer- 
tain that be had seen it thrown. Eht- 
cept for a tendency to throw wildly 
his performance was near perfect and 
the Denville players either swung 
wildly at the ball, hit pop-up flies to 
the infield, or walked to first. But 
Williams noted that the young pitch- 
er made no complaint when the um- 
pire made questionable decisions, nor 
when his shortstop muffed a fly that 
let two runners score. The umpire 

evidently was doing his best. 

"There's the pitcher for us." re- 
marked Blanton's scout as the «ame 
ended five to two in favor of Sum- 
merton. Then Williams introduced 
himself as a prospective cu.stomer for 
a Shorthorn calf and waited for the 
invitation which he knew would be 
forthcoming: from the son of a real 
stockman. "Come rlg;ht over here 
and meet dad," said the young pitch- 
er, "and then you must go out home 
with us. We've beard about the 
Blanton community and bow your 
school cleaned up in the last state 
corn show." So with friendly rela- 
tions already estaWished Williams 
found himself shaking hands with a 
tall and bronzed farmer who might 
have been Young Slade himself in 
the long agw. The starter whirred 
and they were on the way to the 
Slade home. 

IT WAS next morning that Sam 
Williams conifessed he hadn't 
made the trip wholly to look for a 
bull calf, altho he expected to buy one 
from the Slade herd just as he said 
he would. In a few words he told 
John Slade and his ball playing son 
Just what Blanton neede<l and why 
he had quit corn planting to travel 
20« miles. "We've got to beat that 
Kingston bunch and do It fair." Wil- 
liams concluded earnestly, "and Ed 
here is the boy to help as turn tbe 
trick. Big Jack is a stickltr for fair 
play and no matter how goo^you are 
I wouldn't have asked you if I hadn't 
watched you la a game. Help us out. 
Eddie, and not only do you get paid 
for it. but the best bushel of seed 
corn grown on my farm goes to you 
if we win. Tell me that we can count 
on you for the big farm picnic game 
two months away, we'll invite Kiags- 
toa to play us then." 

It was John Slade who made the 
decision, readily approved by Young 
Ed. altho he expressed doubt that he 
could win against a veteran semi- 
professional team. "Sure. Eddie win 
pitch for you." said Slade. "and It 
won't cost yon a cent except expense 
money. That Big Jack yon tell about 
Is the sort I want my boy to know. 
And. by George." Blade smashed hh> 
fist into a calloused palm. "It'« a 
long trip but Fm going along to see 
Blanton win. If farmers don't stirtc 
together and fight for one another 
its a cinch nobody else will." 

So. promising Williams that be 
wonld guard his pitching arm care- 
fully. Eddie Slade sent a mes.«iage to 
the lads who would be bis new 
matee: "TeU 'em for me." said he, 
"that I'm going to give 'em the best 
that's In me and that all I ask is 
that tbe others be In top form. Not 
that I doii't hope," and he grinned 
boyishly at Williams, "you'll have to 
get in and pinch hit to win the game 
I'd like to see that game leg you tell 
about in action." The reply of "Old 
Hoss" was a good-natured cuff and 
he was off for home feeling that here 
was a real man in tbe making. Loud 
rang the party line phones the 
night after Williams returned and In 
his home Big Jack and his mates lis- 
tened with great satisfaction to the 

"If that boy and his father wHl 
travel 200 miles to help us out." de- 
clared Big Jack. "It's up to us to 
perfect a stonewall defense and a 
real attack. We've got to win for 
Eddie Slade and his dad as well as 
for ourselves. And he's our kind. 

Acti\nties of Al Acres: A I says that the milkman has to have some protection: 

Au«ust 1, 192Srl 

¥ou know. feliowB," Jack eoaeludetf 
diffidently, "that Fm not much on 
preaching but what Sam tells us 
about the Slade's having family 
prayers and Ed's fine record in Bun-1 
day school makes a hit with tne. 
That's the sort of training thai I 
makes it easy for a fellow to play 
fair." The boys agreed. K "Old 
Hoss" Williams, Judge of boys and 
ball players, was not mistaken there 
was a boy who would be really on«| 
of them. 

Whenever you caught Sneaky J;ili«| 
Grimea asleep you caught a weas«|| 
asleep. Instead of the usual sixtyl 
and forty per cent gate receiptjl 
for the annual game at Blanton. Bii(| 
Jack had offered and had accepted al 
"winner take all" proposition wlijchl 
at first had Sneaky Jake 9axzled.r 

"We'll beat 'eia and rub It to." Bifj 
Jack had declared, reasoning tiiaif 
loes of the gate money would la<!ped| 
be a bitter pill to swallow if Blar.toif 
won. "I wonder what these eountryl 
guys are up to," Sneaky Jake hi/tl 
meditated, and then began a litrJ;| 
private investigating. 

When the town loafer who hail 
condescended to work on a^ 
community farm for a few days rf- 
ported that the country team wj 
practicing every Saturday afterriooil 
regardless of press of farm work JaliJ 
knew something was up. Anothi-rl 
reason for the scorn of the town laiijT 
was that Blanton wouldn't play t^un-l 
day ball. The fact, too. that Jim Ell 
der was burning things up arrun<| 
second base instead of alteraatinH 
with Sam Williams in the pitcher*!! 
box also was cause for concern. 

"They gotta pitcher coming," thatl 
was Sneaky Jake's conclusion anr! htl 
began a real investigation. PacH 
went the "hired man" and despitC 
close guarded secrecy the town .«p« 
picked up a bit of information beni 
and there until he was able to rel 
port the name of the coming pit>h(r| 
aitd the community in which he li^| 
ed. In- a fe«' days tbe Kingston 
ager knew more about Eddie Slaiie'il 
ability and experience than erer Saal 
Williams had. Then, and then cnlj.f 
he called his mates together and toM| 
them what they might expect. 

"Just a green kid." Ortmes an-l 
nounced. "but he can pitch. .■Vr.ll 
with Jim Elder at second Blantrn ill 
a lot stronger. There's going to Ixl 
a «hale of a crowd at that gaae anil 
it would be awful to have thfnl 
pumpk'.n hunkers win and take tli«| 
whole gate. Listen. Tve cntt 
scheme." And Sneaky Jake outlin«lj 
a plan which made his mates l.-ugl| 
and applaud with unholy glee. 

CAME the day of the game ar.<! 
such crowd ever had filled ffc 
grove which was one of the prid«." < 
Blanton community. The farm 
ganization band, brave in new iinH 
forms, performed valiantly; vcnrtort 
cried their mares and speakers a> 
pealed to the patriotism and kvalt] 
of the4r hearers. Congressman Be* 
son was billed for tbe main Bpee-< ^ 
the afternoon. But the main topio< 
conversation was the coming can 
between Blanton and Kingston. FfH 
of the community didn't know ju« 
what was going to happen but tiiejl 
did know Big Jack had a "Burpii?*T 
in store for his opponents. In littr 
groupi* they gathered, talking ^^"1 
the possibility of seeing their ^o?'| 

(Tr be continued next we<h> 

; Bp IM 


Rubber Shoes. Tie/RE fine' 

How CoUlOnT Vou )NME>|T a 

I/^THAT guv WOt<T BE SATijnEDTlU- ^] 


•nmc OP THE. PoOd RUBBER S»Ol£C> 
|<|lugV^N G-e.TTi>^ u«JT O? n iS Sw&IXX 




list 1. 



Out Weekly Cross Word Puzzle 




































li— 91 

SOLVE this puzzle, fill in the white squares with letters forming the 
[words defined in the list below. For exanipe: 17 (acrose) is DIDO and 
lown) is PSI. Vou may begin anywhere in the puzzle. Follow the defl- 
'-B carefully and. by noting letters common to two words, you will 

lave a clew to help you. The solution of this puzzle will appear n an 
I issue. 

■e made a dictlonar)* 
1 small Island 
cnlleotlon of bre^inff horses and 

.ozin w.Tter 

kkv ituron. abbreviation 

I (ovcrliiK 

I'iiiit n iiin' for Troy 
^crenso.x. gums up 
^ Sift 

kineH forin<-<l by sewins two pieces 
iiicrl.-il together 

^(•t in 

covering to protect tl>e clothes 
drop Recreted from the eye 

l«>-it Kcented flower 

ferfck letter 

pppodite points of the compass, ab- 


ya desire 

'ir.«it name of martyred' president 
Initialii of n famous Anierican gener- 
1 the World War 

Piifflx Indlcntin^ the superlative de- 
son or .1 dauKhter 
jTo make Indistinct or dim 
p'lie opposite of northn-est. abbre\1a- 

queen of anrlent Carthage, men- 
ial hy Vtrell in his Aeneid 
■.letters standing for "aged" 

.juiet. serious 

\«siiiiieB authority without right 

""> leernphlc transfer, abbreviation 

1 kind of food 
k'roiii noon to midnight 
Tiilled apart by violence, rent 
IVrijiiK. not according to plan 

SI. A male child 

J2. Revised version, abbreviation 

13. Pertaining to or containing arsenic 

««. Ten to n dime 

Even these small 
'*Z** Engine 

parts are heat treated! 

If you could see how all the units in the 
"Z" Engine, even down to the very 
•malleat parts (such as the rocker arm, 
governor lever, exhaust bracket roller 
pin shown above), are given painstaking 
care in manufacture, you would under- 
stand why the "Z" has a world famous 
reputation for dependability and long 
life. In fact, many Pairbanks-Morse 
Engines have been in use steadily for 
over twenty-five years. 

The "Z" Engine has fewer parts sub- 
ject to wear, and those parts are care- 
fully made, are drop forged and spe- 
cially heat treated. 

'Yet "Z" prices are unusually low be- 
cause our large production has reduced 
manufacturing costs to a minimum. 
You can purchase a "Z" Engine from 
your local Fairbanks -Morse dealer. You 

am actually see and examine the engine 
before you buy it. In addition to the 
strong Fairbanks-Morse guaranty, it 
will be backed by the personal guaranty 
of the local dealer, whose business suc- 
cess depends upon the goodwill of the 

„ ^Titc for free literattire 

"Z" Enginet are built in suet ap to 10 
horwpower. Get our lateM Uterature 
aod tee which «Ue will best flt your 

Did you ever 
hear this one? — 



Returning from t h e dentist'^, 
where he had gone to have a tooth 
pulled, Henry reported as follows: 

"The doctor told me 'fore he began 
that if I yelled it wouM cost me sev- 
tnty-five cents, and if I was a good 
bo.v it would be only fifty cent.-*."' 

"Did you yell?" asked his mother. 

•'H<iw could I? You only gave me 
half a dollar." 


I h*. battery eqalpt . . $4fl.SO 
Z h*. magneto e<^p< . S8.f0 
3 b4i. magneto e<iuipt . 98J0 
6 h.p. magneto equlpt . 1S3.S0 
Pricti quoud are ca«li /.cfc. ftu- 
*»'yi add freight to your toum 



* A The Fairbsaks-Morne Mae alMt 
7 Y Include* Home Wstrr Piano 

Home Llaht sad Power Plant*. 
Steel Ecllpke Wlndmllla. Feed 
<:rlndera. wathlne machine*, 
electric motnrt. general aerrlc* 
pumping equipment, puma 
tacka. power heads. Mc. 

FAIRBANKS. MORSE &. CO., ManM/actwrer,, Chicago. U.S. A. 
Branchea and tervic* Matioat covering every .tate in the Union 

fatrhmmkt-Mtnt FrUmef 

"What is it. Mr. Interlo':utor. that 
has fo' legs and flies all around?" 

"I'll bite, Rasfus. What is I! that 
has four l.?gs ami flics all aro&nd?" 

"A dead boss. Mr. Interlocutor." — 
Market Growers' Journal. 

Q Home Water Planta 
I a Horns Llciit and Power Plana 
a Stvei Kcllpae Windmill* 
IQ Feed Grinder* 
OTypa-B" O Hammer Type 
I O Waahlng Machine* 


'Evry Lim a Ltadfr" 



Dept. !•♦.«•# S. Wa«>a«hA»*..Cblcaao. U.S. A. j 
Wi( oftliguiun on ^r.pvt. wad tree literature sad I 

-,--_."*•"■•* " '"y pari, waa iree literature «■>*" 
miormition cuacemms tiw iteau 1 have chackcd at tteleft! 




K. P. D.. 




c N«! tirpB c ■TsJ T e 



A EloiiT E Tlio A 



■ s 11 a' w * o|YbH_% 





P|fll<*o r[7]mI|cH« 


M^^P^l *r Pv 




ef** td^LiflM 



A newspaper uut West refused to 
publish the Ten Cotnmandmenta for 
fear Its readers would think them 
too personal and atop the paper. 

Bungs Any Size 




Patient — I'm troubltd with a bull- 
ing noise in niv ears all the tlm*"." 

Doctor — Have you any id*»a as to 
the cnusc of it? 

Patient — Yes. my wife want.s an 
automobile. — London Answers. 

iM. Van ~~"» "^* 
S* lliiiya ilnmatchad ST^ImJRS* " 
T» I • 1 1 •••'*»">««>« and clea nine 
w.,t_ «_ t ""' money-back offer. ' 
Wfitn for frw calalos and low Bticm, 

Bm tS A Bn m beM,, . N. Y. 




M\N with a worthy motive would for one instant attempt to 
ri»b Mother of her first place In the home. 
But Mother has a sweetheart, and he is dear old Dad. 
Anjbotly loves Mother we should love. 

l-'pon the shoulders of dear old Dad is the wplght of business. 
^ onetimes of ytars. He may be old or he may be of middle age, 
put hft is dear old Dad Ju.'st the same. 

L. "-^ ^^^ ^'^^ stand; how erect, how unfalferin? you are In 
^nur efforts for the family! old DnH fiiFni.v^. „, «.in, „ „„„,« ,.»,.,, t, *tr~\.\^^^ a good counsel, and gives brother good advice. 
noney"' ^^ *'°°'* "" '"**" *° ^*'*'' "'*' Dad— ""tn «•? are short of 

orrn^*"'" T^ ™*** "**'* reverses, it U this old chum of our* who 
It u fhl''"'' "''*"» °"^" When we stand In the presence of success, 
p »s in© same old comrade who l.^t proud. 

«other*ia".l ^^^^ ^*"' '■""'' »» the very flower of life, and I say 
^rees With me "'*'**'*''* ^°^ *'*^* *^*'" '•'**^"'"*'* ^«»'' «''l Dad 
Pa'thrr**'^'^''"-*^ ■'*'' '"»'' '>"«° thankless we are with reference 
^'"-PaTinVma^lnef'" ** '*'*" *'*' '***'" **'*' ^^ '* '"'"^'* '***" * 

»uch he mlnn'l^f^ ***** "• "^* **•"• »»"* oon* »' "' can gueas how 

Dear oI^L;? I"- ""'" '""" daj-^me day. 
►•t-fcearted -«!r V **"'" P'ot^ctor. our provider, our friend. H* U 
[ •"• •■* *»«• ttMotL to be bl«-headed— but Mldom la. 

Make Money Crushin 

Limestone on the Farm^ 

Tou eu eanlly anrt qafckly palwrize 
HramtDne on the farm. ¥\\\ own nine)*. ' 
OMi nrploa. Save time, freight, hauling! 

A""«»-tomertjr«ire«artne«Ja. Wetrl ( 
Mw to Bake atone;. Low prices. Catalog fm 

«.l.»C»»gMnfCa..tl7.SlfadSwi»wwCM iMi 




Bonded Commission Merchants 
358 Greenwich St., New York City 

••"••••l, **^'*« O 'aO H oe- 
•r, Warma, Mo«i for co.l. 

r»o cti.i MiKfacii.ri loi 
Hrave. u( monrr N«ch %\ l\ 
V't can. I>r«lpt. or b, naiL 
Tka Nvwtea Memedy e*. 
Te<e«e. OMo. 

Farm Account Book 

don't itucaa at your income. Start 
keeping a Farm Account. Then vou 
"'iLSS"* 1"»* '""f* ron •land 

Wkfla the aupply laata wa will fur- 
nish our pald-np anbierlbers wttk a 
elota-bouDd raria Accovnt Book. aaf. 
flclent in slza for an 8 yeari" record 
for tha nominal lum of 60 cantt' 
Worth II 50. Send orders to • 


261 So. 3rd St.. PhUa.. f%. 

A OMd Partntr 
f«r twt Powtr 

' If you own a gai engine f6 H.P or more/ or 
fiir *"■ " '•" ' doing .^s full duty if it iia't 

y""! Tro/an En^ilafc Culler -mait other- 
wi»e Idle day. busy profit days— filling silo* 
'or your neighbor! as well as cutting your 
f>wn ensilage. 

The Rowell Troi an is exceptionally light 
runninv-a Fordson wiH handle it easily— 
and it has an unusually large capacity. 
Many eareUent features-Zfyo// rolUr kear. 
inj.. end-lhru,t hcarinji. luiil-praof tinl main 
f'f"«. guaranlnJ-ior-ti/r Unl /lyu/hrtl. rtctr. 
J "J' '""" "'■ 'l'»-f>rno/ telf /rrdrr— 
and other exclusive features that stand foe 
reliable service. Your choice of cyUnder or 
By. wheel type 

Mail iht tampam far free 

talalat *a^ Cfr al >ab- 

•Ut rifefe Mieiiai paa>- 


Eastern Diafrthulor 


Unadilla. N. Y. 

a tVlthniK r>hl||>,.|||,in imM) me VMir n jt a_li 



TOfl.B.RoWEM. Co. 

Lincoifi Ave. 

Waukaalia, Wto. 


Please Mention Pennsyl- 
vania Farmer When 
Writing to Advertisers. 

HAMPSHIRE S ITRF.p .v «f"y b.o». Tea.- 

I., r. * m. w. BIGHAM. Ottt»»b«r». »•». 

i/eiaine Kams "„*•-?"• ■« m. wal: 

"SB. Okta. 


ention Pennsylvania Farmer 
when writing to advertisers. 





July 27, 1»25. 

VftretHliIrs (whi'liHali-)— UIOANS, huint - 
Krown. liu liskt, Tic'-i $1. lUCliTS, lioiiic- 
Krown, duz bilis, ioii ifu'. CAHHACIO, 
Ohio, .MaruU;i district, IdO-lli crate, iilc 
.1.50. fAllIU'TS. hiiiiii- uriiwii. lio/. 1k-1is, 
25®35c. CKL.10UY. Miili, loom-, 2'i/:! tloz, 
washed, |2'i/2.25; bunched, Calif, »8'i,i8.50; 
Ohio, bunched family style, 75c®»l ; doz 
stalks, larse. 50'.i T"..-. CircUMUKKS. Md 
and Del, bu bskt and hmpr, OOti 7.5c ; Mar- 
ietta, I'/j »>u hinpr. $Kul.2r. ; few $1.50; 
Ohio, hot house bskt, $21<2.25. GUKION 
CORN, Ohio, bu bskt, best, »1 ; few, $1.25. 
poorer, 50(jf65c: Marietta. \% bu hmpr, »2 
®2 25 : few $2.50. IJCTTUCIC, home grown, 
box 2 doz heads, leaf, 50c(& »1.25 : N V, 
75c<ti Jl.2,5, few $1.50; Colorado and ( alif, 
crate. Iceberg, $t;r(i6.50. ONIONS, home 
crown, bundle 1 doz bch.« 10(&l5c; Span- 
ish crate, 50c, $1.75; Iowa. 100-lb sacks, 
$5.50. PARSLEY, home grown, bundle 1 
doz bchs, 20ifi30c. PKAS, N Y, bu bskt. 
$2@2.50 ; poor low as 50c. PKPPKRh, La, 
'(, bu hmpr, SOcTi $1 ; Missouri, bu bskt. 
$11*11.25; N C, bu hmpr, orllnary, 75®8.)0. 
POTATOKS, new, bbl. Cobblers, Va, No 
1, $6i!'i6.50: i)oorer low as $3. RHUBARB, 
home grown, bimdle 1 doz bchs, 20iii30c. 
SPINACH, home grown, bu bskt. Sum- 
mer, 50c. SWEET POTATOES, Ala, bu 
hmpr, $2.50; Oa, bbl, $9: No 2a, $7. TO- 
MATOES, Ohio. Marietta district, 12->|t 
bskt, fancv, $2.25W2.50 ; choice, $ir,il.50. 

Frultn— APPLES, new, bu bskt, Md and 
Del Transi)arents, No Is, 75cfi $1.25 ; No 
2«, .'ill @ «.-.c ; William Reds, $1.7.''.''<i 2. 
CANTALOUPES. Calif, crate, jumbos, 
$1.75igi2.25 ; poorer. $1.25; standards, $l'f» 
2; Arizona, wrapped, jumbos, $24/2.50; 
standards, $l'ii2 2.'i; flats, 65c'</85c; pink 
meats, 75c«l$l ; N C, standards, 85ci}i $1 ; 
Hats, 35^1 50c. HUCKLEBERRIES. Pa and 
Del, 32-qt crate, best, $10611 ; Va, large 
bskt, $3Ti3.50. PEACHES, Ga, 6-bskt 
crate and bu bskt, Elbertas, medium to 
large, $2®2.75 : few large, fancy, $3«i 3.10. 
PEARS, Oa, bu bskt. Lec'ontes, $2>;i 2.25 ; 
choice, $1.50*11.75. WATI'.RMELONS. Oa 
and S C, 18(172" lbs. 15Ti20c; 24'i;2fi lbs, 
25W35c; 28fiao lbs. 3,'T, 4O0 ; 32(f35 lbs, 50 


Cattle— Receipts light : market steady. 
Good to choice, $ll'ii 11.50; good. I.".(i0i-(i 
1400 lbs, $10'(i 10.75; mediums, 1200r/il300 
lbs, $9'(i9.75; tidy, 1050*1 1150 lbs. $9.50iti 
11; fair, 900(^1000 lbs, $7.7568.75; com- 
mon, 700ifi8nO lbs, $5'!T6.75; common to 
good fat bull?. $4f/6.75; common to 
good fat cows, $1.50'(ifi; heifers, $4«j8.75; 
fresh cows and springers, $30(^85. 

Hog*— Receipts, 12 double decks ; mar- 
ket higher. Prime heavy, $14.75Ti 14.85 ; 
heavy mixed. $14.90<ril5; mediums and 
heavy yorkers, $1.5.10® 15.15 ; light york- 
ers, $14. 50ifi 14.75; pigs. $14.25 «i 14.75 ; 
roughs, $11.5O«ii.l2.50; stags, $6<S7. 

Sheep and Lambs — Receipts light; mar- 
ket stronger on choice lambs ; other 
grades of lambs and sheep slow. Prime 
wethers, $7.75® 8; good mixed, $7@7.60; 
fair mixed, $5.50@r>.2S; culls and common, 
$2@4 ; yearlings, $7igll; spring lambs, $9 

Calves — Receipts light ; choice stronger, 
other grades steady. Choice, ve!\l calves, 
$12'^ 12.50; heavy and thin, $4^8.50. 


Hay— No 1 clover, $18i§19; No 1 light 
clover, mixed. $20^1 21 ; No 1 heavy clover, 
mixed, $18'Pil9; No 1 clover, mixed, $18© 
19; No 1 timothy, $23. 50(i; 24.50 ; No 2 tim- 
othy, $19.50@20.60; st.indard timothy. $22 

Straw— Oats, $13.50i?}14; rye, |14.50ei5; 
wheat. $13. 50fi 14.50. 

Vellow Corn— No 2 shelled, $1.23'!il.25 ; 
No 3 shelled, $1. 21^1.22; No 2 ear, $1,353) 

Oata— No 2 white, 56^S6Hc; No 3 
white, 54^S5c. 

Pennsylvania Farmer 


July 27, 1926. 

Beef Cattle — Steers, good to choice, 
$9,501*111.25; fair to good, $8r.i9.60; cows, 
good to choice, $5.50''a '.•.50 ; fair to good, 
$4.50'>i 5.50 ; bologna cows, as to quality, 
$1.50(073: bulls, good to choice. $5.50(^6.75; 
fair to good, $4.50(5 5.50; calves, choice, 
$13Ti 13.50; fair to k»'»\. $ll(ai2; common, 
$9''(i 10 ; Tenn, choice, $10'ii 11 ; fair to good, 
$7(fi9; common, $5''h6. 

Sheep and LunibK — Sheep, wethers, ex- 
tras, $7.50'ii8; fair to good, $6@7 ; com- 
mon, $2®3..'i0; ewes, heavy, fat. $.">.5o«i6; 
lambs, extra, $14.50'>; 14.7:i ; medium, $ll'i» 
12. .'lO ; common, $9'i( 10. 

Hogs— Western, best, $15.50(816; nearby 
hamly weights. $14.25'!; 14.50. 

City llrrofird Slock— Steers, $20©21 ; 
lieiit-ra, ^i^tiV^, cuHS, ii4wili>, ytJiriinKS, 
top, $24'S2r, ; good, $19'ri21; calves, city 
dressed, $22'?i 24 ; country dressed, $17'!l 
19; sheep, good wethers, $lg(if 2o ; ewes, 
$16'!il8; hogs, $23. .'id; lambs, $31@33. 


Baled Hay iind Siriiw— Hay, timolliv, 
Nti 1. iioiriitial ; .No 2, $ I'.i. ."1(141 20.50 ; No 3, 
inSO'/flS; mixed. No 1, $lS.50({jl9; No 2. 
$17'H'18. Straw, straight rye, $16.C0'i(17; 
wheat straw, $13.r)0i'ii 14 ; oat straw, $13.50 
(ft 14. 

Bran firmly held. Car lots. Including 
sacks, ton : winter bran, city mills, $.!,',(gj 
33.50 ; Western spring bran, $33(5133.60. 

Wheat — No 2 red winter, $1.52@1.54 ; No 
3, $I.4!»('nl.51 ; .Vo 4, $1.47^149; No 5, 
$1. 44(^1. 46; No 2 nd winter, garlicky, 
11.46®!. 48: No 3, $1 |!';/1.45; No 4, $1.4Ut 
1.43 : No 5, $1.38(^1.40. Mixed wheat 3c un- 
der red winter. 

Corn — Car lots for local trade : No 2 

yellow. |1.25V&@1.26<;6 : No 3, $1.22V,i® 


Oats— Receipts, 10,491 bu : market de- 
clined \-iC. Car lots, as to location : No 2 
white, 5!((fj60c; No 3 white, 561*570. 


liatler — Solid-packed creamery. In tubs, 
extras, 92 score, 45c ; higher scoring goods, 
4i;((i4;(c, the latter for small lots; 91 score, 
44c ; 90 score, 42Vic ; 89 score, 41c ; 8S score 
40c ; 87 score, 39V^c ; 8(i score, 39c ; best 
prints, 92(^94 score, 4KCf(50c; cartons, 49it 
51c: good prints, 89®91 score, 4.")(S'47c; 
cartons, 46ft} 48c ; ordinary farmers' prints, 
40 '(I 44c. 

Cheese firm but quiet. N Y, whole-milR, fresh, 25((j25'/jc; longhorns, round 
lots, 23>^(ii'24c; jobbing, small lots, 25V-!l' 
2tic: single daisies, fresh, 23VA(ii24e. 

Wholesale (irulii Market— Wheat, $1.32; 
corn, $1.2."; ry.-. $1; oats, 50c; bran, $35 
ton ; niiddllniTs, *l(i ton. 


July 27, 1925. 

Butter and Eggs — l.'ountry butter, 45® 
55c; creamery, 4X(i) 60c ; fresh eggs, 374_J 
42c doz. mostly 40c. 

Uressed Ponltry — Chickens, 85c@$2 ea ; 
squalls, 40((.< 50c ea ; ducks, $1.25<r^2.25 ca. 

VegetahleH — Beans, green, SCalOc >>4 pk ; 
yellow, 10c« 12c Vi pk ; beets, 5c bch ; cab- 
bage, 51}! 15c hd ; carrots, 10c bch; cauli- 
flower, 5(g!10c hd ; celery, 10((t25o stalk; 
corn, 40iii70c doz; cucumbers, 5?tl')c ca ; 
lima beans, 25c pt ; lettuce, 15<^25..- hd ; 
oiii<,ns, 5c bch : parsley, Ic bch ; peppi-rs, 
3<j'5i.- ea ; potatoes, new, 18$i20c Vi pk ; 
radishes, 6c bch ; spinach, 2&c H pk ; to- 
matoes, 18'u25c qt. 

KrnitN — Apples. 15^20c 14 pk ; apricots, 
15c pt ; cantaloupes, 13Cri20c ea ; huckle- 
bei ries, 35c qt ; peaches, 15c pt ; pears, 1,')C 
pt ; plums, 15c pt ; watermelons, $l$1.2a. 

(•rainn ( paid to farmers) — Wheat. 
$1.30; corn, $1.13; hay, baled, timothy, $13 
'dlj; straw, $10f(il2. 

Feeds (selling prices)- Bran, $38(ii39 
ton; shorts. $39(!i40; hominy, $47.50«|' 
48.50 ; middlings, $45(ii 46 ; linseed, $56.50© 
57.50: gluten, $49.50'ii 50.50 ; ground oats, 
$43^M4 ; cottonseed, 41 per cent, $55.50® 
56.50; dairy feeds, 10 per cent, $.''8.50(ir 
39..'.0 ; 18 per cent, $43 (ii 14 ; 20 per cent, $45 


July 27, 1925. 

linttrr firm; rcc'eipts, 8520 tubs; cream- 
ery, higher than extras, 44'^(J*45c: do, ex- 
Iras, 92 score, 4lc; do, firsts, 88<r(91 score, 
4|iii43Vtc; packing stock, current make. 
No 2, 32'/2'ti3:ic. 

Kggg Irregular; receipts, 11,750 cases; 
fresh gathered extra firsts, 35V4C(i37c; do, 
firsts, 33@34Hc; seconds, 31l4®32V4c; 
nearby hennery whites, closely selected, 48r«50c: nearby and nearby west- 
ern hennery whites, firsts to average ex- 
tras, 39®47c ; ne.Trby hennery browns,, ex- 
tras, 42(ii.46c ; Pacific Coast whites, extras, 
46(?i'48c; do, firsts to extra firsts, 41«i45c. 

Cheese firm : receijits, 164,213 lbs ; state, 
whole milk flats, fresh, fancy to fancy 
specials, 24«i fif2oc ; do. average run. 23c. 

Live PoBltry weak ; broilers, no freight 
quotations; by express, 23 (9 30c ; fowls, 21 
@i25c ; by express. 21*i.26c. 

Dressed Poultry steady ; chickens, fresh 
28®35c : do, frozen, 23(!i29c; fowls. 22® 
:>2c : old roosters, 14<(i20c; turkeys, frozen, 
30® 4 6c. 


Cattle — Receipts, 1550 head ; steady ; 
steers, $8(ii 11.25; state bulls, $3.50® 5 ; 
cows, $1.7Si);5. 

Calves — Receipts. 650 head ; steady ; 
veals, common to prime, $10®14 ; culls 
and little calves, $6(ii 10.50 ; buttermilk 
calves, $6(Ji6.50: fed calves, $8. 

Sheep and Lamlis — Receipts, 2240 head; 
steady; sheep, $3(fi7; r-ulis, $3; lambs, 
medium to prime. $i:i';jl6; culls, $10(gll. 

Hogs— Re<elpts, 7S0 head; steady; light 
to mediumweights, $14(^14.75; pigs, $14iii 
14.25; heavy hogs, $I3.75(ii 14.76 ; rouchB, 

August l,i 

Iambs, $15.50; top natives, $14 7s| 
feeding Iambs, $15.15. Bulk prices 
Fat range lambs, $14.75@16.35 
$14.25@14.75; culls, $11@12- ' vJ 
wethers, $11.50'i>il2.50 ; fat ewes 
8.50; heavies, $5.50®7 ; feedinir' 
$14.25«jl5. •" 

St 1, 1925 

Pennsylvania Farmer 


Feed — Quotations were as follows (all 
August shipments): City bran. $33.50; 
middling, $:i5.50, in lOO-Ib sacks; red dog, 
$48.50, nominal, in lOO-lb sacks ; western 

The Trend of the Markets 

THE figures In the following table represent the approximate unweighted 
average prices of the commoilltlcs and grades specified. The prices are 
based upon quotations from the market page of I'ennsylvania Parmer. 


Butter, 92 score creamery extras (N. Y.) 
Eggs, fresh gathered extra firsts (N. T.) 
Chickens, broilers by express (New York) 

Steers, good to choice (Liincasterl 

Hay, Number 2 timothy baled (Phlla.).. 
Wheat, Number 2 red winter (Phila.).. 
Com, Number 2 yellow (Philadelphia).. 
Oata, Number 2 white (Philadelphia).. 

i .44 

.26 'i 
10. 92 "4 
.69 V4 


$ ^a'.i, 




1.29 >4 

Montb Tear 
sfo ago 

$ .44>4 $ .38 



..32 '4 











®46 ; 24 per cent. $50(5 51 ; 25 per cent, 
$53®54 ; horse feed, 85 per cent, $48.60('(> 

Review of local market for week ending 
July 26: Trading mostly In small lots, 
medium grade beef steers and lightw.iight 
stockers predominating. Compared with 
week ago beef steers grading good and 
better strong to 25c higher, others barely 
steady ; best offerings unsold, some held 
around $11.25; early sales mostly $7.50'!T 
8.50. Bulls, cows and cannera slow, about 
steady ; no choice offerings here. Heifers, 
steadv to strong; top, $10; weight, 990. 
Stockers and feeders practically unchang- 
ed, demand for light stockers improving, 
few sold, about 800 lbs: bulk, $4.50^4 6. 
Calves steady ; top vealers, $13. Hogs In- 
active . no fresh receipts. Receipts for 
Saturday's market: Cattle, 26 cars; « St 
Paul, 6 St Louis, 5 Tennessee, 3 Virginia. 
2 West Virginia, 1 North Carolina, 1 Chi- 
cago, 1 Kentucky, 1 Penna. containing 707 
head ; 15 head trucked In. Total, cattle, 
722 head. Receipts for week ending July 
25, 1925: Cattle, 157 cars; 36 Virginia, 33 
St Paul, 25 St Louis, 14 Chicago, 12 West 
Virginia, 11 Tennessee, 8 Kansas City. 5 
Penna, 4 Kentucky, 3 Pittsburgh, 2 Okla- 
homa, 1 Ohlf>, 1 Indiana. 1 Maryland, 1 
North Carolina, containing 4629 head ; 180 
head trufked in. Total, cattle. 4809; 202 
calves, 1-17 sheep. 

Good to' choice $10.25® ll.'iO 

Fair to gor.d 9.00(fi 10.25 

Medium to fair 7.B0'(i 9 00 

Common to medium S.BOi^ 7.50 


Good to choice 6.00®7.50 

Medium to good 4.75(}j«.00 

f.'ommon to medium 3.50®4.7;> 

Canners and cutters 1.75(^3.50 


Good to choica 12.25(fi 13.00 

Medium 11.25®I2.25 

Common 4.50^11-25 

Hn-i.-vwciffht *MI«i*M Ihn . . . %4 MmRMi 
.Mediumw< Ight, 150(^200 lbs .. 14. 75Cfi 16.25 

Lighweight, 100(!]1.50 lbs 12.25r</ 14.00 

Rough stock 10.50(fi 12.25 

spring bran, prompt shipment, $32(6 33.10; 
standard middling, $34 : flour middling 
$40.50®41 ; red dog, spot, $47®47.60, all In 
100-lb sacks, ail-rail and lake-and-rall 
shipment; rye middling, $34; white hom- 
iny feed, $42.25, all In 100-lb sacks; cot- 
tonseed meal, 36 per cent protein, $47.75 ; 
linseed oil meal, $52.80. In 100-lb sacks. 

Hay and Straw— Hay, large bales, tim- 
othy and light mixed ; No 1, $26 ; No 2 
$24(fi25; No 3, $22023; sample, $12^20. 
Straw, large bales, rye, $17618: oat, $13 

..^rf/"-.^"^^'^' N° 2 red, c I f. dom, 
!!S?5* '• ^° * '*'"■'' spring, c I f. dom, 
$1.<4T4; No 2 hard winter, fob, export. 
$1.72H ; No 1 North Manitoba. In bond, 
fob, export, $1.78V4 ; No 2 mixed durum, 
fob, $1.59V4. CORN, No 2 yellow, $1.26% : 
No 3 yellow, $1.2514 ; No 2 mixed, $1.2«. 
OATS, No 2 white, 554c; No 3 white 
54>,4c; No 4 white, 534c: ordinary white, 
clipped, 54^1 &5c; fancy white, clipped. 55'i* 
58c. RYE, c I f, export. $1.06. BARLEY, 
malting, c I f, dom. $1.09«4i6:1.12>/4. 


Butter— Creamery, fancy, 44V4(a 45Vac : 
do, choice. 43(&44c; do, good, 40®42c ; do 
prints, 45V40474C; do, blocks. 44@46c: 
do. ladles, 34® 35c; do, Maryland and 
Penna, rolls, 3lfa3ic. 

Live Poultry— Chickens, old hens, 4'/4 
lbs and over, 28c; do, medium, 34fi4 lbs. 
smooth, 2t!«i 27c ; do, smaller to rough and 
poor, 21?i22c; I.,<.ghorns, 21® 22c; old 
roosters, 16c; springers, mixed, colored, 2 
lbs and over, 36637c; do, 1H®2 lbs, 32(n 
35c ; do, smaller, 25®.T(ic. Ducks, young, 
white Peklns, 3'4 lbs and over, 24<6 25c: 
do, puddles, 23(5; 24c: do, Muscovy nnfl 
tiumgrels, 23®24c: smaller and poor, 20t ; 
do, old, as to quality, 15ig'20c. Pigeons, 
pair, 25fjf30o. 


Kggo — .i'tir.'.Si- i-.r ilozon. 

Poultry— liens, live, 2(if(25c; dressed, $1 
nn r;ii h ; springers, 65rUi»I each. 

iliitler, country. 5n(!i55c; separator, 60 

Vegelahles— Lettuce, 10®20c hd ; celery, 
5^10c stalk: tomatoes, BCiSc ea ; parsnijis 
.5c bch ; carrots, 5c bch : onions, tfi 5c bch ; 
.-isparagus, 10«/12c bch; soup beans, 15c 
It; rhubarb, 5c l..h ; turnips. 10i?f15c »4 
pk ; peas. 20''r»25c ', ],k ; string beans, 12® 
18c M pk. 

Frultn — Apples, old, SOfiHSc >', pk ; new, 
lO'tilSc H pk ; raspl>errle8, 15(&20c qt. 

Hetall fJraIn Market— W^, $1.50: 
corn, $1.50; rye, $1.25; oats, 65c; bran, 
$1.90 cwt : mtddllnus, $2.40 cwt. 


t iUlir— li.niplH, jUii hf.iil. Compared 
With week ago : Grain-fed steers strong to 
2>c higher; mostly 15'(j25c up. Best long 
yearlings scaling 10!i4 lbs, $14.65, new 
high mark for year; top, $14.60 paid for 
l;!I3ifi I5:i3-Ib averages; yearling heifers 
In load lots upward to $13.25. Week's bulk 
prices follow: ({rain-fed steers, $12.50® 
14.15; grasiers, $7.75'c( 9.25 ; fat cows, $4.25 
(ill; fat heifers, $6.25(!i 9 ; canners and 
cutters, $3(ri.'V..'i : veal calves, $10,251/ 
11.25; stockers and feeders, $5.60®7.25 : 
best feeders, $8.40. 

Hogs — Receipts, 4000 head : hulk good 
.nnd choice, I60i5i225-lb weights, $14.20fi 
14.15; top, $14.55; 2.50(53(J0-Ib butchers, 
largely $l4fi 14.16; bulk packing sows. 
$12.40ft 12:85; few strongwcight killing 
pigs. $l;t.50'ii 13.75. 

Sheep — Receipts. 1500 head. Compared 
with week .igo : Fat lambs and feeding 
lambs mostly 50c higher; sheep. 50c (ii $1 
lower ; medlumwelght and heavy fat ewes 
ahowlns most decline. Best fat range 


Boston, July 24 
Domestic, Ohio and Penna floecit 
laine, unwashed, 56(!n57c; ^-blood, 
•ng, S4®5ec; %-blood combing fa 
fine unwashed, 47(fi)48c ; Michi^ji'm 
T fleeces: Delaine, unwashed, 52( 
blood combing, 51@52c; % -blood i™ 
C2(ij53c; %-blood combing, 51((i52(l 
unwashed, 44®45c. Wisconsin," 
and average New England: V4-b. 
60c; %-blood, 51®52c; >4 -blood 


Toledo, Ohio, July 25, 
Clover seed, cash, $16.85; 
$16.50; December, $16; March, 
Bike, cash, nominal, August, nomig. 
cember, $12.70. Timothy, cash, $3,i3 
tember, $4 ; October, $3.95 bid. 


•The prices below are for promptl 
ments based on pay men I on arn 
cars as quoted by the PhiladelpL 
blng trade to retail feed dealers ol 
dy, July 27. Quotations cover boi/ 
lots for delivery at Philadelphia orl 
ton rate points. 

Pure spring bran I 

Spring bran 

Soft winter wheat bran 34 IK 

♦lard winter wheat bran 

hitandard middlings 

Soft winter wheat rnlddlinga. . 37.i( 

Flour mi<ldlings as.; 

Red (log (lour 48.1 

White hominy a 

Yellow hominy 42.5 

Oluten feed 45.408 

36 per cent cottonseed meal.. 50.1 
41 per cent cottonseed meul.. 52.( 
43 per cent cottonseed meal.. 541 
34 per cent linseed meal 52.^ 

For Baltimore, Cumberland as 
liamaport rate points, subtract U 
ton (for cottonseed meal 40c p»fl 
lor New York, Newark rate poiB 
40c per ton (for cottonseed meal 1^ 
ton) ; for Woodbury, BriUget(«l 
points, add $1.00 per ton ; for fV 
Toms Klver, Cape May rate poloj 
$1.40 per ton. 

Mill feeds easy ; demand mod. rau 
plies ample. 

Butter Markets Fi 

DURING the wetk cuding Ju 
butter markt-'ts giaduallyt 
ed lo a firmer position after opi 
barely steady. Sentiment early! 
week under review waa in (ail 
lower prices and to some extentl 
was true at the close. Howevi 
the week progrressed and airin 
butter on the markets were foa 
be considerably lighter than Iof| 
the week previous and th'- 
sponding week in 1924, the 
undertone which prevailed tt| 
opening almost entirely di.«ap 
Many operators, who for 
weeks past, have been on tb(| 
side of the market are now ei| 
Ing more confidence In present j 
and conditions. Supplies ol 
butter on all markets were 
light ajid this, coupled with a| 
active demand from consua 
buyers had much to do with 
veilopment of the llrmer fe*lln|| 
resultant price advance. 

Production on Decline 

Reports available from pro 
organizations as well as from I 
vidual plants indicate thai pi^ 
tion has reached the peak nndl 
on the decline. Pasture (undl 
thruout most of the prodiicinjj 
tions are reported in good co* 
but considerable fly trouble If I 
experienced in some qu'artcr.' 
is .'^lowing down the flow ''( ' 
The hot weather the past ft* ' 
is beginning to show Its elf* 
ihe i|Uttii(> a.s iiiiiny iui.-i wlni"" 
ly are of high quality ar** 

Prices Higher Than Last tj 

Of coui-se, there are stUl niaa 
erator^ who contend that the 
level of prices is too high to] 
rant much storing of butt-r f" 
•next winter. Supporting ar?"! 
to bear out this contention af*| 
pre.sent prices which arc ftve^ 
above this time last year w»li 
sllate a relatively hlghd- pric'' 
consumer when the butter "o* 
stored and that already In f^"^' 
placed on the market this w'"*] 

Is County, Pa,— Weather very dry 
lay 8U1. On the 15th part of our 
[had the biggest rain for many 
tJonsiderable damage to the slop- 
to. Wheat all in and some threah- 
i, yielding about twenty buBhels 
Outs mostly cut, very short and 
ght yield. Cora prospects good as -, . „ 

a whole. Apples doing well and °"* Per cent .of normal. Corn looking 
riy varieties being picked, price ^°?°. """^ '» tasseling but needs more 
,60. Peaches will be a fair crop. "ioi8i»ire. Picking of beans for canneries 
iitubbles look bare of grass, pas- *"° market In full swing and prospecU 
Iproving. New wheat, $1.40; milk, ,*'*"■ * L*"" ^OP- Karly tomatoes are 
r cent, $2.20 ; eggs. 28c.— A. R.. frjiV** *"«> """J* ripening ; the vines are 

•»o'''nK Kood. Late tomatoes In some 
nelda very poor stand.— H. 1. R., July 21. 

Crawford Cointy, Fa^-Cooler weather 
followed the hard storm of July 16th. 
Wind did much damage to com and oat 
fields. Haying progressing nicely. Hay 
crop very light Recent ralna have helped 
the newly-mown meadows. All old t>ota- 
toea sold, and new ones very scarce, sell- 
ing at $3.60 bu. Pigs scarce and high In 
price. Milk price at condensery $1.99 per 
cwt for 3.6 teat for July. Dairy butter, 
4Cc; eggs, 32c; chickens, old, 20c; broil- 
ers, 35c; veal calves, I3c ; lambs, 12c. — 
O. W. O.. July 20. 

DaaphlB Co«nty, Pa.— We are having 
quite a lot of rain. Good growing weather 
and corn grows very rapidly. Potato crop 
will be smaller than the average. Some of 
the oat crop has been har\-ested and re- 
mainder Is ready to be harvested. Crop is 
fair. Grain moth Is causing trouble. 
Threshing will be done earlier than usual. 
Apple and peach crops will be far below 
normal. Kxtensive plans are being made 
for the Lingiestown Fair, August 25 to 28 
and the Dauphin County Fair September 
7 to 11. Exhililts win exceed all previous 
ones. Recent hea\-y rains have caused ae- 
rious washouts on country roads. Prices 
for products: wheat, $1.30; hay, $14; oata, 
BOc : eggs, SSc ; butter, 50c. — I. F. M . 
July 25. ' 

t'ayette County, Pa.— Plenty of rain 
this month and tlie crops are surely com- 
ing on fine. Wheat all cut and most of It 
in but showing a very poor crop this year. 
Most of the oaU looking tine and will be 
ready to cut In one or two weeks. Second 
crop of alfalfa coming on and will be a 
fair crop. Timothy meadows very short 
this year and there will" I>e a smaller 
yield of hay this year so prices will be 
better. LIveHtock prices about the same. 
There are going to be plenty of apples 
In the county but no peaches. Gardens 
were a fair crop in the county, while 
other small fruits are very scarce. There 
are still plenty of the public works idle.— 
K. 11. v., July 20. 

Jefferson Conaty, Pa.— The splendid 
rains during July have greatlx helped 
vegetation. Heavy electric storms quite 
fre(iuent We are having a. cool wave Just 
now. The nights are quite cool. Hay mak- 
ing progressing rapidly with rather a 
short crop. Clover Very short with tim- 
othy meadows proving better than ex- 
pected. Wheat and rye mostly in shock, 
some flelils of wheat shocking up well. 
Oats h.iH begun to ii.ior. Straw of good 
length. Prospects of a very gool crop. 
Com making a wonderful growth and 
prospects are that a much better'crop will 
be had than last year. Potitoes improv- 
ing rapidly since rainy weather began. 
Man.v fields being sprayed. Some plowing 
for wheat and lime hauling begun. Bees 
producing quite a lot of clover honey of 
the very best quality. A number of Hol- 
Btein communities are creating a good 
deal of Interest by bringing Into the coun- 
ty a fi\* i.uUi.iijUiiijj 1,ui1b. Jelierson 
County's champion swine judging team, 
which swept the field In swine Judging at 
Pennsylvania State College laxt month 
win represent the state of Pennsylvania 
at the eastern states exposition of live- 
stock and other firm products in Spring- 
field. Mass., the last week in September. 
Health is good, roads are good, picnic 
and reunion season Is here. Many people 
traveling.- F. M., July 20. 

Lanrasler County, Pa, — A very fine 
wheat crop has Just been harvested and 
threshing has commenced. Yield of wheat 
very good. Oats not ripe but ctdoring nmX 
will be a much better crop than was first 
exp«-cted. Tobacco growing ^nd the pros- 
l>ect for a good crop is very promising. 
The hay was such a large crop manv 
farmers had to quit hay making to attend 
to the wheat and are now finishing up 
the hay. Com also making a fine show- 
ing. There have been a number of thun- 
derstorms and considerable destruction by 

. County, Pa, — Reports state the 

I wheal lb a good one, better than 

s. The quality of the wheat 

„ the big fat kernels Is considered 

Tfor years. Dealers otter $1.35 for 

4uiity of wheat delivered. Some 

_be price ia too low ; one dealer 

la big lot of wheat at $1.40. Oata 

[ripe, not as yet lodged and will 

B cut in about ten days. Potatoes 

«n sprayed quite often and with 

■of rain should be a vood crop. 

Lorn of the early variety almost 

■or market Field corn has made 

ifogress and the chances are it will 

^ler than it was last year. The 

I has liceu inslrumeutal in holding 

ken culling Uemonatratlou which 

B best attended for years. On July 

jirden demonstration was held on 

nil ot John De LKjng which was at- 

L>y Hfty-live people. The garden 

p.iTge of Mr. Gordon, of State Col- 

iiUi the assistance of the county 

|.iMd his assistant Much interest 

_i'wn at this field meeting and many 

In.s were iisked about diflerent vege- 

a.'i well as about spraying. The 

IS cultivated by a horse-drawn 

|t<.>r. Pasture Is good, as the young 

makes a Steady gain, especially in fields.- W. N. M.. July 17. 

>riin County, Pa. — Fanners are 
l(>usy making hay, but the weather 
|\<.i'y good lor curing It Liooks as 
]aiKlit be u pretty good crop. The 
t' .ire getting make the com and 
nunip," ultlio a windstorm last 
pretty hard on the corn, biow- 
i'»ii, and breaking some off. liuck- 
k;ui .iiig good, BO fur. Hope it keeps 
pli'.-p growers shipped their wool a 
.• ks ago. A number of the farm- 
k»:iil .separators and are shipping 
It'i iluffaio. Pretty hard on the 
klKs tli.a were buying butter from 
ISUU' road work being rushed, 
I worli fur every one that wants it 
tr«p not very plentiful In this part 
I" unty tills year. Haven't heard 
I many rattlesnakes being killed 
I III re. ImIu of deer and elk being 
the farms. — y. E. T., Jtily 22. 

>■ CooBty, Pa.— On July 16 a se- 

|l'-< riiinstoriii covered the 

K'liioii of the county, lodging 

*na leveling corn and oat fields. 

Id lu.ide excellent growth and was 

^;t;< where it was not rooted to 

[1(1 ^uch a storm. OaU all headed 

iriing to turn yellow. Haying 

laii il.jMe and harvest is In full 

'•■' very rank, while wheat Is a 

'(• 'Khl and both promise a fior- 

"(' I'utatoes and garden crops 

«"'"'. yuite a few farmers and 

•j" ii aing their cows tested for 

i'"!-!.-, xotiie coming thru with a 

••■Ht .Most cases are found where 

m^M- were purchased and placed In 

it.xcellent progress made on the 

^"H to Stroudsbur^ hle^hw.iv «nd 

i>CT leu 10 be finished by fall. This 

a connecting link of thirty miles 

rr. t,- road. New potatoes, 75c pk. ; 

■' I'K ; oatK, 70c bu. ; wheat $1.60 ; 

egKs, 42C.-L. K. B., July 21. 

&i,*r"7''', •'«l!— Weather some- 

i^arU.r'"''' ^'^"Wt'" visited dif- 

Iw ci'^'?""'>' "'"^t week and re- 

lrai,rJ^T'"f ^^K"*"""". Kven tho 

in Ik nL^"'."''*" *«" "Kht A gen- 

■ns f Th f '" ""* "f the main oc- 
l"l.lH'fL •'■"■""■" ■■" present, with 
ir or,v '" '■.'•P°'-'«><'- Wheat be- 

P'fH annC *^* promise a good 
I ■ '""''''' P"n»- crop, <^y about 

high wind storms; a number of bams 
have been destroyed by lightning. New 
wheat $1.40 ; eggs, 32c ; hay, $12 ; calves, 
12c.— R. C. R., July 20. 

Lebanon County, Pa.— Kach succeeding 
year sees more grain being threshed oft 
the field. The presence of the wheat moth 
accounts in a large measure for this and 
the high price and scarcity of efficient 
help aro contributing causes. Wheat was 
rii>e the first of the month but rainy 
weather delayed threshing and about sev- 
ently per cent of the crop Is still out on 
shock. This crop yields well. Hay was 
made during splendid weather and is the 
largest crop In twenty years. Potatoes 
recovering from the bad effects of the 
drought Oata about ready to bind. This 
crop is short both In straw and grain 
yield. Tobacco, corn and grass growing 
by leaps and bounds. Corn la tasseling. 
On the 16th. the heaviest thunderstorm 
we ever experienced came out of the 
northwest It thundered continuously and 
rained incessantly, cloudburst style, for 
more than three hours. Hail and a sixty- 
five-mile wind did incalculable damage 
to crops and property. Buildings In creek 
valleys were almost submerged ; the corn 
is fiat and shredded in spots and wash- 
outs are everywhere. Churches, homes 
and barns were struck, trees were uproot- 
ed and the 4000 soldiers In camp at Mt. 
Gretna sustained a list of thirty shocked 
men. One was hurled six feet by a bolt 
of lightning. Chlckory, garlic and the 
thistle making life miserable for many of 
us. New wheat, $1.45; eggs, 30c; oats, 
65c; com, mature, $1.35. — R. I. W.. 
July 21. 

Monroe Coanty, Pa. — One of the sever- 
est electrical thunderstorms passed over 
the eastern end ot this county July 7, also 
another followed July 17 with much dam- 
age to crops. Trees were uprooted, tele- 
phones were put out. houses were shaken 
and out houses moved from their founda- 
tion. Tho drought has been broken over 
the entire country. Ex-associate Judge 
George H. Metxgar, of StroudsbuVg, pass- 
ed away July 17, aged eighty years. The 
Historical Society held its annual event 
at Shawnee on the 15th of July with good 
speakers present Fruit very scarce and 
high in price, apples almost unknown In 
entire county, wholesale prices slightly 
advanced, Kgga. 34c; straw. $16; hay, $20; 
country butter, 47c; lard, 20c; apples, 
new, $3 bu. Corn, oats and buckwheat 
crops In excellent condition. — G. E. S., 
July 20. 

Cnloa Connty, Pa.— Wheat all stored 
and a few farmers have threshed what 
they could not move away. Yields running 
better than twenty bushels per acre. Some 
new wheat has been marketed at $1.40. 
Wheat stubbles are being turned for an- 
other crop and manure has been hauled 
out for the next crop. OaU are coloring 
rapidly and a few fields have been cut 
Corn continues to make good growth and 
It Is tasseling. Karly potato sUilks dying 
and the crop consists of small iH>Utoes. 
Pastures short, and some farmers are 
feeding hay or silage to help keep up the 
milk flow. The cows in four townships of 
the county have been tested. In Hartley 
Township 370 were found to be tubercular. 
In Lewis township 8.8 per cent ; in Kast 
Buffalo 2670 and In cfregg about 1470. 
The reason given for the high per cent 
In Gregg and Kast Buffalo Is that they 
have bought more cows which were ship- 
ped Into the county than dairymen did in 
the first two townships, — J. W. O., July 20. 

Warren Connty.N. J.— We ha v.- been 
having an abundance of rain and very 
warm weather the last four weeks and 
the corn and pot-itoes are looking very 
good and a bumper crop of both seems 
assured. Wheat and rye harvested ond 
most of it In the barn. Some oats also 
cut and in shock. Wheat Is starting at 
$1.25 bu. Milk has advanced Ic per quart 
and eggs are 37c doz. Altogether It does 
not look so hard for the farmer. Pasture 
has been kept growing and the second 
crop of alfalfa is almost ready to cut. 
Feed prii-es are unchanged with veal 2c 
higher. He lb.— A, S. P., July 21. 

Warren County, Pa.— After n long dry 
spell we arc having abundant rains. Al- 
ternate extreme hot day.s followed I.y 
rain but no electrical storms, Ideal grow- 
ing weather. Corn, iiotatwH, squash, 
pumpkins and all garden truck coming 
on at a rapid rate. May being cut and 
shows benefit from the late rains, altho 
a short crop. Pastur.M have taken <.n a 
new lease of life. Oats heading but have 
lengthened considerable. Strawberries a 
very poor crop, but cherries and raspber- 
ries plentiful. Potatoes looking fine, tho 
small acreage planted. Market uuotations 
,„ ' •■^T*-. - -H4,, lit, issik, ii't , iiulier, 
40c; cherries. 14c qt. ; spring chickens, 
35c; old chickens, 2nc— H. C. J., July 15. 

C. T. A. Notes 

V* K.MIU:i{S of the MontiMir Valley Cow 
* 'i'cNiing AsHociation have voted lo 
change llic nuiiie of (lie n.sHocialioii to AI 
legli.n.v C.unly Cow Testing A«8ocintion 
according lo the (eseer. L. .M. Stark This 
iiKs'.clntion lias Ikh-o reorganized for an- 
other year's work. 

• • • 

Ah a result of securing production rec- 
ords on his cows, one memlH>r of the First 
Clarion County C. T. A. has sold onp-half 
of his entir." herd to the butcher during 
(he last two months, slates Harold F 
AyerK. nsKociate tester. Another member 
found two cows which were not profitable 
producers and both were sent to the block 
Culling the herd with the aid of prodoc 
tion records secured by uslnff milk scales 


and the Babcock test is found to be thi> 
only method which guarantees accuracy . 

• • • 

Tester Theodore Weaver reports that all 
members In the Washiugton County A.sso 
elation are feeding some grain while their 
cows are on pasture, as Ihev realize thi 
practice will result in proiltalile returns 
during the late suiiiiner and winter monthh. 
.Some of the inepiliers have put In koIIIuk 
crops lo feed this fall. 

• • • 

Three new cow testing associations are 
just starting work; one in Susquehanna 
county, one In .lelTerson, and ouu In Mer- 
cer county. ThI.s makes the third asso 
elation to be organized in Mercer county. 

• • • 

Charles E. Cowan, tester for the Colum- 
bia County AsHw-iatioii, reports that most 
of the asHociation inenilierK are growing 
soy beans for next winter's roughage after 
having given this high protein legume a 
trial last year. A carload of soy bean 
seed was purchased In .Marvland at a rea 
sonable cost. 

• • • 

Every herd in tho Columbia County C. 
T. A. has been tested for tuberculosis, and 
many are now accredited, according to Mr 
Cowan, who states that as a result of the 
testing, there has been a heavy demand 
for cattle from the tuberculosis free herds 

A. L. B. 

Lancaster's Tobacco 

ALTHOUGH the Pennsylvania to- 
bacco market has been com- 
paratively quiet since the heavy sales 
of last week, a steady flow of in- 
quiries for samples and a continued 
interest in Pennsylvania offerings by ' 
the large manufacturers indicates 
that the market is sound and healthy. 
Packers predict a srood demand for 
Pennsylvania next fall. 

Several of the large buyers in the 
Lancaster territory have their men in 
the field looking the crop over and 
sounding out growers. Actual sale* 
have not yet been hinted at by th • 
packers, and no information has been 
dropped as to what price the 192 . 
leaf is likely to bring. The buying 
situation this year will undoubtedly 
be complicated by the activities of the 
Pennsylvania Tobacco Growers' Co- 
operative Association. 

Association Officers 

The association effected permanent 
orgranization last week, naming E. K. 
flibshman, assistant to the president 
of Penn State for some years, a^ 
president. Other officers elected 
were: B. Frank Suavely, firse vice 
president; Harvey E. Heller, second 
vice president; J. C. Brubaker, thin! 
vfte president; W. J. Neuhauser, 
treasurer, and T. W. Kemp, secretary 

The membership campaign will 
start in August. The growing crtip 
is coming along fine, and with the 
prospects for a harvest of high qual- 
ity leaf in sight, interest in the 
marketing organization is mounting 
daily. The movement has not a.s yet 
unearthed any out.spoken opponent.s. 
and leaders state that success for the 
organization is in sight.— Garden Spot 
Farmer, July 2.3. 

"The Rambo Man'* 

(Conlinued from page 3) 
garaffe is planned for the near future 

Personally Mr. Monosmith is very 
much the type one would expec. 
knowing his achievements. A man 
well above the average in size, with 
a strong face, showing determination 
in every line, a man who was able 
in spite of a handicap that would 
have spelled failure for a weaker 
man, to attain success in an under- 
taking that requires all the "pep" 
and energy a normal man can put 
into it. 

Mr. Monosmith simply tackled the 
things that couldn't be done — and 
did them in spite of all handicaps— 
but his friends believe one of the 
biggest things he has helped accom- 
plish has been to convince farmer.>4 
in this section that Bucks County can 
raise as fine apples as any ^ower 
anywhere can raise 


Vennsytvania Farmer 

August 1, 

ist 1, 1926 

Pennsylvania Farmer 



3)1^ woitUnt 
^" stand for 
^is One 

If some one scraped the butter left over from your table into the garbage can 
after each meal yi)U certainly would put a stop to it immediately. 

Left-over butter must be :jved for another meal, but how about the "leftK)ver" 
butter-fat which your present separator leaves in the skim-milk? It isn't at all 
unusual for a new I>e Laval to uicreasc the yield of butter-fat from the milk of 
just a few cows by a quarUr to a pound or more a day. Think what this would 
mean to you in the course of a year. 

The new De Laval ia the best cream separator 
ever made — skims cleaner, runs easier and lasts 
longer. Among other new features and refinements 
it hiis a self-centering bowl which eliminates vibra- 
tion, causing it to nm smoother and easier. It 
gives you a rich, smooth, bif^-testing cream, and 
skims cleaner under all conditions of use. 

Trade Allo^fvance 

Old crntrifugal rr^am •'■paro- 
tors of mny nge or make arrrptpd 
•• partiBl paymcnl on nrw De 
LkTaU. Sold on easy terms from 

Balance in IS Easy 
Monthly Payments 

and Try 

an Improved 


FBME Catalogt . 

_«* w ^* 

r ^ 49 4? ^ ^•• 


Clean Milh 

is Guaranteed with- 


PUHI'I'I Can- 
ton tXaca are 

made in any size 
from 6J-i in. to 
7 in. diam., tor 
•U makes o( 
(trainer* or Alt- 
era. Send for ■ 
trial order. 

There ■ only one method whereby raiOt can b« atnined 
abaolutely dean and that ia by atraininc it through ater- 
ilixed cotton," aaya the U. S. Government. And that ia 
the method uaed by Dr. Clarlt'a Purity Strainer. Sterilized 
cotton iiaea (cut by our own patented proeeaa) ar« tightly 
^■damped to bottom of strainer ao that all milk must paM 
'^ THBOUGH the cotton. That'a why we Guarnntoa thia 
atrainer wUl rcmov* ALL the dirt, or we'll refund your 

The Purity Milk Strainer is used by the Worid's larnst 
condennriea surh as linrden's, Helvptia, Van Camp's. Car- 
nalion, Mohawk, Bowman's, etc., and by thousands of farm- 
era everywhrrp. Also used and endorwrf by Aitncultural 
collpfps and by dairies who furnish the entire milk auoDly 
for a number of cities. 

JIfade in Imt tium—M ^uart and 18 qMorU Atk 

ro«T duller to »Ao» you one o/Uu*e traintn. or if h* 
uKn t Ihem, t/Ti'te tlireet {airing your rfgnlrr's nanu) 
jur print and circular, Scndloaay! 

Purity Stamping Company 

Depi . B Battle Owk. Mich. 

^World's Larsest Manufacturer* of Cotton 
DuKa (or strainera and Altera, 


mll.-i) Rlrhflelil n*rhi.<] by Clmrland-AXmu Ua. 

Friday. Au«ii*t 7. I92S. at I «0 e'clask 
biJf wa> betweto Elcfaflold aod IUnUp>. (About 3 


'i>i,"[n"fIi.i".;J''l'*"^'.-'*!!" '"t" """"1 <.o heBTOducen. One Jl-lb «m 

rewm !>«, ,0 frr^..^ A^rr^ ~L,i»^'^ rb,''c.5r^";un,\Sr ^'Vh.h"«,;S."' -*"" '" "' 

fn-bo,. A 2 jr old hrrrt i.n;o,u~f ^lim^Um 7{<nV3o'C^^^"'ol"^"7 'S:'b^Za^.m 

lb*, milk and siml b> 


If K. P O !• It<«-c«nt rtlosn fedrral leu.. 
UtUAl fvarsnteM sad retnt »rtirtl«t« 
OHIO H0L8TEIN ASSOCIATION M,r.. I. D. Hadl.,. Fitd S«.'». IO«M Exiiri A«M... Cl.vMaiX, 0. 

S Best for 23 Years— Best Now. HUb- 
esii Grade oi Material and Work- 
manship. Made from the Centuries 
old Genuine Yellow Douglas Fir. The 

only silo on which you can ftet those famous 


Provide now for Winter Insurance againil the lou oi the Hay Crop. ' 

International Silo Co., Dept. 14, Meadviil*. Pa. 




Pricf upon requtMl 


31 S. Queen St. Lancaster. Pa. 


frsm 2 to 12 sioatht at m» 


i'^SIlSr """^ **^ •""• laiwwater 

A K Damn, fan alra offw few finales tot founda- 



lease Mention Pennsylvania Fanner When Writing to Advertism 


Staff Contributor and Adviser 

ead of riie Department of Dairy Huabaodn C 
PeaneylTanta State College '^ 

Butler Leads in Purebred Sire Associations 

A GROUP of Butler County 
Guernsey Breeders met with 
County Agent Mandeville and S. J. 
Erownell, bull association specialist, 
from State College, at Slippery Rock 
on July 15th and organized the coun- 
ty's fifth co-operative bull associa- 
tion. This is the third Guernsey bull 
association in Pennsylvania and the 
twenty-ninth complete bull association 
circuit in the State. 

This organization meeting com- 
pleted all the details of the fifth as- 
sociation for the county. These five 
associations are made up of fifteen 
blocks of which three have Guernsey 
bulls, three Jersey bulls and nine 
Holstein bulls. 

Although Butler county now has 
the largest number of organized and 
completed bull associations they do 
not have the greatest number of bulls 
in association work. Indiana county 
has an equal number of bulls, fifteen, 
in its four associations and McKean 
and Crawford counties have fourteen 

Tbree Associations (hganiad 

During the second week of Novem- 
ber, 1924, the organization of the first 
three of these associations waa com- 
pleted. One of the associations was 
strictly a bull association as promoted 
by the extension service. The other 
two were modifications of the same 
plan which were designed by the ex- 
tension service to be used by any in- 
terested agency desiring to promote 
better dairy breeding. This latter 
plan has now been adopted by two dif- 
ferent banks of the county, the First 
National Bank of Harrisburg and the 
Butler County National Bank. 

The difference in the modified plan 
from the strictly bull association plan 
lies in the fact that the interested 
agent solicits membership in a bull 
association, stimulating interest in the 
membership by presenting methods of 
financing the bulls which are not pos- 
sible in the bull associations where 
outside agencies do not co-operate. 

Butler county is to be congratu- 
lated on the quality of dairy sires 
which have been brought in through 

bull association work. There ap 
in the mediate pedigrees of all 
bulls the names of the greatestf 
mals of the various breeds sud 
Ormsby Komdyke Lad, Sir Pie 
Ormsby Mercedes, Sir Pietertje i 
by Mercedes 37th, Piebe Laur»| 
Homestead King, Ormsby Seng, 
King Segis Pontiac Alcartra, Ki 
the Ormsbys, Judge Segis, Gn 
Claire, Fauvic's Prince, Sibles i 
boge, etc. 

More farmers are realizing 
day that it takes more than ani 
ary bull to build up their herdi] 
bull associations make it possil 
them to own outstanding pi 
with little more outlay of casj 
it takes to raise a scrub bull. 

Make Their Own 

DAIRYMEN In the territoryj 
rounding Philadelphia arei 
.something which was never dox, 
fore by a large body of milk] 
ducers, — they have formulated i 
of regulations aiming to Improii- 
quality ot their milk, and thejl 
living up to these self-impoetd if 
C. I. Cohee, head of the Quality | 
trol Department of the Phjladt 
Inter-State Dairy Council told i_ 
this great clean-up campaign atl 
mid-summer convention of the 
Councils held in Ocean City. 

The regulations and re!=trlf 
were set up and approved to bel 
Tied out with the cooperation ct] 
Philadelphia Inter-State Dairy ( 
clJ. During the first year of 
enforcement a tremendous lot 
b»fn done by the cooperating 1 
producers and dealers to clean uK 
milk supply. Over eighty-flT«| 
cent of the farmers producing: 
for this district are cooperatia 
this movement. Thru the cffon 
the staff of fourteen men in 
Quality Control Department 
3000 milk houses have been 
since May 1, 1924. Over 250 
ers have been discontlnufd 
selling mlTk to cooperating de. 
because eof their failure to prfl 
proper equipment and care for i 
tary dairying. 

A Milk House Built in a Day 



rT\ HIS shows a milk house construction demonstration which w.'*. 
1 ducted by the Lancaster County Agricultural Extension AssonntioJl 
the farm of Harry Aldbrldge. The building was built accordinp to P" 
fllstributed by the Inter-State Milk Producer."' Association. The floor t 
cooling tank were made of concrete, and the walls of concrete blwlif j 
mixture of one part of cement and three p.trts of .sand was u.«ed in laji* 
the wall. Note the door and door frame in place.— O 


Ireat bargains in our cut prices 

1 WUile. Brown. Blsi-Ji. Buff U-Bhonu.W P« 1»<) 

I Miiiiiroii. .1 C. AnionM tM par 100 

kl While l/W!liurnii. Sixwial Pace 

Vai.. ll.rrwl Ko<*». Wb. W>s«lot(as{U POTlM 

J Rsds ••* I""' *•• 

\r. or MUod CbStki IT par IM 

■ >«ir» oiiHTlwnre. 1«0% lln dsHmr t» yooi 

tjyN.8 "iiAy s;«"£.;;'.' '"* I' p/^. 


25 60 100 

uiid Br. Leitl»oni!i....|2.2» M-M W-M 

I IIOck.s 2.80 4.75 9-00 

I ri-<rmuv. 100^ Uvs arrival enarsatsed. Paral 
■umiaul OnUr dirart fnwi tlila ad. or vrtM 
rial iirli-i" im 500 nnd 1,««0 Io*». Gharry Htll 
Farm. WM. I»ACC. MeAlisKrvilla. Ps. 

Buff and WW» I-.*l>onia ?!-2J~}S! 

II,w.i., 10.00 — 100 

iK .■.:'. » i«.oo-i»o 

"* 10.00—100 

g.OO— lUO 

kail for leiis than 100 Iota. lOUCi U»* dsllterr 
■1.1 AU ;:(MiU rtiirkh. 
NIEMONI. Box S. McAliat«r«4Ms. Pa. 

„. vour orikr, w* ihip C. 0. D. and jilwBtrs 
I0b«'. live d«ll»«ry of iturdf. »w«bssd cblrkji 
ilihi bred lo lay llfwlu Wh. Livboma. (> ■ : 
l^ethorm. Amnnas. u ■ ; Hd ll<x*». Wli- BmJi^, 
ds a^c- Bult lUxto. Buff (irua .Wh. Wrili.l 
liiclrca* 11.' Mlvil. ;•- ^fi "I I'" ban mo 
Silvtr Laka Hal«h»fy.Bsx PA. SIIvw Lsfca.lnd. 

lihbMlMf Smp 


(aolidattd By.Prodsol C«.. Staek Vartfa. Phila. 

I ~C HI C K S 

l-hii<- anil BufT l..'.liMii» IS JO pM 100: Bamd 
IfiiHI II. r lun: l(a«d^. 110(10 IMS 100; HsMf 
I ■■. ,M |.-r 100: l.lirlit MlxMl. IT no per 100 

' NiejNONO. mcalistcrville. pa. 


Oniooa and oUier fam iiroduos wanted. 
il. iiund at (ood prtesa. SIBBS & BRO.. 
Front St.. Phila.. Pa. EoabliiJud In 1141. 

babjieiTbock chicks 

lln tl I'l Ui Kiiain .Noiif Utter. tlO 00— 
.>5.;)ii- r,ii }3 110— 2S. Stroni obu. promiit 
tind Mhilsfactlon guaranteed. 
KLINE. Bsx M. MiMlseraak. Ps. 

I inl\nl «c. Write lor iirloas on 500 sad 1000 
I safM il.Uvcrr suarantfTcd. 
I E. ULSH. Bssssr S»rla«t. P^ 

DAV.OLD CHICKS wsekU. tiukni. ducks. 
i:uin<.a<, baniatnu. barei. oolllas stock. <ms 
L'ataloc. PIsaaar Faraia. Taltard. Pa. 


KNSEVS— <^u>-ru>i'> Inilli of raahlnnsble brredtnit 

I A. 11. atMt uiiU'^trd <Umi F*-deral Aort xlU^ 

Prices and pMliiir(<«s on a(<pUfmriorL Willow 

Farna Co.. Ckaromtlle, Buaka Coasty. F^ 


PIllK l;ltKl> KF.UIMTKI(E1> 
|F CREEK FARM. R. 0. 2. Sli»»«ry Rt<k. Pa. 

I friim A. R. nam* prKed from $M to ISOO. 

l(irun<tion of fjcrtrude (Talrf. 

^ZELL 0UERN8EV FARMS. Rsafrtw. Pa. 


I 111. [>rar«>(-allv piir« bred. t<0 <>o escb. retail 
hi:>nu>nL Edtswsed Farsit. Wbitawstsr, Wise. 

{tOeCN-ANSUB— Tbs ireM bMf breed. »so-lb 
of NPlwt Iwewliru. f.' nsrb with renUuallon 
J. S. Mwaa, Lseasas sa Catrata, N. V. 

ISALE Kin l>urr bred Hnlitetna. freib inrlnjiera 
i: »-. h.iren anil InilU. J. C. REAOAN. 
Ss«t Farn. TaHy. N. Y. 

CUCKNSEY BULLS- -Yoartlnii serrirx bull. 
M^> Hull calf. Mar Rms Strain. 


1st in an English Sheidierd Pap 

|iiu- ilo. 'I, J* iiiii ^K.n L.f il,H iim* (irit «n*l 
m(Ji ■.iiij,,, I., ,1,1V,. ,t till- h.-,-!. all kindu 
•^1. W. W N ORTON. Otdenakart. N. Y. 

I***-' ■ I 'I'fk hTindIc mall- hull inipii. beau(l«t. 
.ill"' "" '""^"'* ''""• Pr*<*d fm(n tan t.> twenty 

JALTy? ''''I'l'i-a f'M- itslp. PiirebretL Kann 
A Biri^tVoV-""^ ^*'" ■'h'l' "" iipnxal. 

Kt w?,."^^'" V"*=^ ■aadssa» sad la- 

loii ««»/.'?• '"» tsrrlsra, 

r"* "tNNEn. Unjh^tt. Braaa OHy. Pfc 

rS.!'^!'' S^LLIE PUPS iTiZiT^riU intellisem. 
l„ .,.,' ""I'-rior lit.-,, 111,.: Sperlal liaraalna In 
-n IHI Pi.|i Plumner McCaWsasb. Marrer. Pa. 

)GS WANTEDfL''S',r"** ""« 


k °^J J .""f^"." •"»'"' "*"• »"""■> "n »inali 
K.rk m.M™ "■'"'.' *""•'■ <'»IITomla whire you 

'• ■mr„^L"""'"»" "'*"" Twsntr and fortr 

' n . n'lifndaiile profit.: rmnWnatl.m of 
HI .■.""'*'""■"' '""n ""•> -<"<« ini'onis 
. till. . .» T",: Wlnt^rlM, falironita ..(Ttr. 

K Im^L"* of life rilmate deliithtfiil, |on« 
ffsilrr jl'.LJ',""'''"'''"' roadi; exeellent aoljoolr 

' Z h k"".''?'''- ■* ""•" "na-fimllv farm 

il^rti^l* '"*""■ "»••• ln«ire» were., N.. 

. .7i , ,'"■ "'" •'nsnnin V.itler illnauste'l 

'inni'i'.f.»'.L' 1'" 'r'"r* C. L. SsatraM*. Oas- 

-'' ^'ic:.o***ru: ""*' " "'•■ "* """" 

l-*''^d"i* ,°,'*"^'' Virtini, iilaiitailoti. brawl- 
fcl< ..I'-i™'!!!- i-"nimi(n|i\ Imiirovrd riB,|,, gnnt 

1-1,1, in,(,r\.*"' '"■'■ «'^- »"""" •■«'> 'Vi'l 
Wh i.i'iJi"'''„'TllL-""'' """Pm'nt If'd 
WhllHl^ a. KayiYltia. Vlt^iwis. 

8 Vall^r'TT^w "^"''"■""' '»""• »" •'»"' in 

S mil* i„ ^i S*"?, """«««> farm. PrwhuiiM. 
i mill, to lliirt, .«„hn„, ,j „„„ ^ j,„„, 

"■ s. Barltet. Castes HsIL Ps. 

CaaXastM by W. & Ftls. V. S. 

A4ftss - tbsa tbka deiiarunent la five lo ma 
a trtMaN bSiw. Bssb oommunUtatinti aliould alatfl 
bMsry sad ay sim s n i i of ilie rtm in fmi; also 
tba nsnw sad ad*BSk or wrIMr. InMaU only 
wM] b* i M i M tshsd. ^Ys cauiior i-irkc raiilr by 
msU. Tbls Is onS' of Iha imium raluabla oolumas 
of the passr and w« Inrlti- reader] to maks uas 
of It. Cllpplni;> from tins nilunin, whan prap- 
erly praserrsd and .^laaaiftsd. I'lake on* of tb* 
moat ialu4l>la medical •ympoaluns a fsiBsr- 
scoekman can obtain. 

a 7-year old mare that has been 
lame for the past three months. We 
believe the lameness is in point of 
shoulder, and our veterinary also 
thinks so. He prescribed liniment; 
the mare is still lame. A neighbor 
thought a blister should be applied. 
What do you think I should apply? I 
have turned her out to pasture. J. D. 
M., Mansfield, Pa. Clip point of 
shoulder, apply one part powdered 
cantharides, six parts lard. This 
ointment will blister mildly; this 
treatment should be repeated in ten 

WOUNDED TEAT— One of my 
cows had a deep cut near lower end 
of teat. Since then, milk drips from 
wound. Can she be cured? This 
quarter of bag seems to be infected 
and the milk from it is of poor 
quality. L. P., New Brunswick, N. J. 
Doubtless your cow should be allowed 
to go dry in this quarter, for it is 
impossible to heal wound in teat 
canal if the milk continually drips 
through opening. Occasionally milk 
her, also apply camphorated oil to 
infected quarter. Apply equal parts 
oxide of zinc and boric acid to wound 
twice daily. 

STOMATITIS— I have a dog that is 
troubled with sore mouth. Lips are 
swollen, throat is sore and when she 
barks her voice is hoarse. Some say 
she might have been poisoned by 
snake bite. S. A. S., Coraopolis, Pa. 
Flush mouth four or five times daily, 
using one part hydrogen peroxide in 
five parts water. Occasionally, apply 
one part tannic acid, four parts 
glycerine, to ulcers if there are any 
in mouth. Give her Ave drops of 
Donevan's Solution at dose three 
times a day. 

WORM FITS— 1 have two dogs 
that get worm tits. Will you please 

grescribe remedy for them ? E. V'. H., 
ladley, Pa. All solid food must be 
withheld for twelve or fifteen hours, 
when capsules containing calomel 
and santonin, one-half grain each, 
should be administered every three 
hours until purgation takes place. 

TAPEWORM— Have a dog 18 months 
old which had distemper last winter; 
since then he is unthrifty. He is badly 
annoyed by fieas. I have fed him 
some sulphur, also applied sheep dip. 
I have' another dog same age which 
is troubled with tapeworm. L. A., 

Mercer, Pa. Give your unthrifty dogs 
some powdered yeast in their feed 
three times a day. Spirits of cam- 
phor sprinkled on a rough towel in 
which the dog or cat is roiled is a 
very cleanly and efficacious way of 
destroying fleas. The fleas migrate 
to the towel, become stupefied, and the 
towel is then plunged into boiling 
water. Tapeworm treatment — Fast 
overnight, give from one-half to two 
drams of Kamala in syrup — one dose 
only. The dose should be regulated 
according to body weight of dog. 

SORE TAIL — For some time my 
young cat has been troubled* with 
a sore tail, it causes him great 
agony and there are some maggots 
in wound. Have applied iodine, crude 
oil, pure creolin. He licks the sore 
a great deal. S. A. S., Coraopolis, 
Pa. The cat has a rough coated ton- 
gue, when the animal licks a wound 
very much it will prevent healing. 
Saturate tail in hydrogen peroxide, 
then apply one part iodoform in nine 
parts boric acid. The wound should 
be treated twice daily. A few drops 
of turpentine will promptly kill the 
germs you speak of, but don't use 
much of it, for it is too irritating. 

Methods of Lice Control 

N' OW before the pullets are put 
in the laying houses for winter 
is a good time to wage war on lice 
and mites. Poultry houses should be 
iboroly cleaned and sprayed with 
a disinfectant. The Pennsylvania 
Department of Agriculture recom- 
mends that roosts be painted with 
larbolinium or old oil drawn from 
an automobile. Care must be taken 
to saturate all cracks and crevices 
and poultry should be kept off the 
roosts until the application has had 
time to dry. 

Lice can be controlled by using 
sodium fluoride or blue ointment. Sod- 
ium fluoride comes in powder form 
and is probably the more satisfactory 
to use. Blue ointment is effective but 
when used excessively may burn the 
skin of the fowl. — P. D. A. 

Our Readers' Clasftilied 
Advertising Department 

A markal plsos to btiy or seU at UtUs azpMiaa. 
Oisr »5.000 fsnn fssiUlas i«ad PsnnsylTsala 
Famar eirry weak. Rata S ceuta a word cash 
for oas. tws or thiaa eonaaaaUe* waskir Inssr- 
Usaa: S ssati a word each fo* torn- ot «Bot« 
Inaertioiia. Count e(cb nuiutier and liUUat sn(l 
^nd raab vltb order. Orilera. diiM*utiklauaaosa or 
'-hansea of onpy miait rssob «u Im WSdnssda; at 
week preoedlni; date of lasi» All adrertlwnianu 
a«t Id uniform style, no ditplar type or Uluatra- 
liiiiia. Pouliry advrrtlflni; may run bera. but If 
illaplayad or lllu«rrat)ona uuad mtiai run la dis- 
play adrertlsluii lolnrnni at oimmefcial sdrar- 
lialac rats ISS oeala par aiwts Una), i-iveotaek 
adrtrtlalai not an-eixed In tkta departinsBt. 
Mialsnisi. Tea Words. 

S«nJ alt orders to 

Pannaylwatiia Fartnar 

2«1 S. Third St.. Philadalphia 


BABY CHI0K8— ». 5U. 100 loU. Rwla. U.ii. U 
,M1: Rwka. *3. »»..'.n. $10: W. Ix>)iborns. S2.7.'i. »'. 
«; HaaAfy ilUsd. »2 SO. $4.80. Jg; Unht MUmI; 
J2 a. }l. i; Fri'o rante. 100^ live arrival cuar 
antved. cirouUr free W. A. Laaysr. McAliatar- 
villa. Pa. 

SOO HIOH QUALITY Bred-to-Lsy While I.e«fa»m 

cwkereL,! frisn wiirtd's boit liytni: »tr»ln* The pl(* 

uf SOOU. aarl>' baifbed for limuudiata ilelicen' at >S SO 

, •^•b. $3i a diM. SIsly Ridge Fsrrn. Bex 5. PMsiyra. 

I Ps. 

R. I. RED PULLETS. 12 week.< lUd from |>rlu jtork 
11.59 earb."ii.i. hoslth>. free ranee stork: aim 
Jeraey Black GUnt .:tuwliu< atock. J. Blauvelt Hslai- 
dal. N. J. 

aUALITY CHICKS l'i>>tiald. 1(10 I,.-i;honn. larire 
as*irted $9. R,.<-l!.i. Il.-ds. Am-miai. $10. Orp.. Win 
Hi. Lt. BrahliiaN. Jl.5 A.i«irt. $7, CaUloi^e 
Mittouri Poultry Farma. CelssiWa. Mlissari. 

100 WHITE LEGHORNS, n Unit l<-i!horn Yearlinit 
hena and SS Wbiie I<eiilw>m iwllru. 3 mo. old Sii-i 
otfb. D. J. Gsalt. Syeasisre. Obio. 

PULLETS— llnrrrd ll.ii-k.s. tlimou l.lirrtl. M ws.<lu 
(l.'>0; 20 wi-eka tl '0. Q. RsuIisJib, Aaasra. Ps. 

S. C. WMtTE UUHORNS. baby (^i-ks 10a Haray 
Aukar, Livsrsaol. Ps. 


spooeible farniem to a, wiib vou to insiiert Callfomla 
statA-approvrd Ijnd,. Ontmniiniiy for one uood tnan 
In esrii ixintniuniij to ]<iln latneal land 'elllnit orian- 
liation in r 8 WrIM for ditaiU. Harsisn Jssas, 
1 1*7 Traaaaartatto a Bid*.. Cklsaaa, III. 


ilrv aarlli- and rlieat i.iil ..r nli.-iit. An air liUil diwa 
Hie w.,rk No »ifii.H t., .Ln nr ni>t. I^-m seed per 
n Yi, and l»^HT nr,.iw Writ., for lin-ul.r and i.rlren. 

j BiickwaMer Saaaly Co.. 4* 8. Qansa St.. Laaeaster. 

' Pa. 

, DISTINCTIVE personal lUilnnery printed rlirap !>> 
I tHiiine«. make iii.mi'v hv mall: .'lOoO dn-ulard BtS 

• 21'" illi i". '^l*. "■'"* """" ''■^•^ *»•» t«»t Asa 
SI.. PbHatfelsMa. 

RICH MAN'S Com Harrt^er. poor inaan i<rlc<»-onlt 

I >2S 00 with bundle iMnn attadiment Kree catalog 

showing pictiirea of har<mter Bsi $20. Saliaa. Ksss. 

I NEW Ions dtitsnee radio romplrte Will < irhsnue 
j for ben* or pulletn. 8. Hanter, Rsvts ». Wsablsf- 
t(Mi. Pa. 

Hatchery Men to Meet 

1'^ HE tenth annual convention of 
the International Baby Chick 
.\ssociation is to be held in the 
Baltimore Hotel, Kansas City, Mis- 
souri August 5 to 8. The man- 
agement of the association has ar- 
ranged an extensive programme that 
will interest all who are connected 
with the baby chick industry. One 
of the principal speakers will be 
Harry R. Lewis, president of the Na- 
tional Poultry Council, and formerly 
poultry specialist at the New Jersey 
E)xperlment Station. — ^W. 

WILL BUY DairvmrnN l.<>.i.,iui t'ertifli-atwi of tw. 
ilrbtedni. u Boa M. Cbemung. N. Y. 


WANTED — Two «lii4le «oni>>n. middle aued. t/> man- Slid OKik for liou,* where «ln«le mfn are hnuaed 
•n rarm. I'llva'e aiurtmetit with I»kI rvimi.. sluluit and batb. all conrmtein-M. pnrmaoeni home. 
,ta«es $«fl 00 for onolt. $.^o no for anlstant Ili-frrrneea 
r>qulr9d. Iniuirs Laursl Loeki Fsrsis. Pettstawa. Ps. 

SELL GUARANTEED PAINT fio lo f.>n dsiLv 
profit. I'>eliibl pmisld. Bxriuaivs trrni'.n .Sale» 
om,- fast FTw iiaiea outfit. We dsHrer snii onllec^ 
r.irerlt«ii'e unnrceniian. .No i-aiilal niTdeit Wrttfl 
-"'*' Oslyeraal Paiat Co.. 309 Baltlsisre BMc. 
Ksiisai Cny. Ma. 

With the County Agents 

County Agent H. K. McCullouKh. of 
Lawmiie County, reiiorta that a dem- 
onstratlon held last fall for the cuntrul of 
loose smut by treating seed wheat with 
hot water, shows IDO per cefit control at 
the present time. 

• • • 

A purebred Berkshire Pig Club, spon- 
sored by George A. NefC, well-knuwn 
Uu< ks tjotinly breeder, has been organ- 
izcHl wifh «lx inembern. iiccording to P. 
H. Hprenkle, county asfnt. The pigs were 
Uonated to the lUrkshire Breeders' Asso- 
ciation .ind then snid to (he niembera of 
the Pig Club fur ten dollars each. 

• • • 

Ttte First Jefr.Tson Cnutily Cow Testlntr 
AsKociatlon has bevn orftsnir.ed \rlth 
uv.-nty-slx itieiiibers, stat>'!« County AgoT.C 
J. P. Winslow. Charles Pitzaimmont. i 
gr.itluate of the Corsica Vocational 
Sotiool. has bf-en securi-il as tesljr. (>n 
JiinUiiry I. 1925, the-e Were forty-two row 
testing a»socla(lon.s opfmting in Pennsyl- 
vania and since then nine more have been 

• • • 

Fltsures «)btain«d frnm the «eed strain 
test ot early cabbage conducted en fhe 
r.trm of (ieorge Merta and Brother, 
.N'.irihuniherlanrt County, by Coanty Agent 
F. W. .Myer. shows ihflt the tlolden Acre 
variety is at least two weeks ahead of 
Jersey Wakefleld. On the day the flrst 
head of .Ii-raey Wakellold was i-ut, 294 
hcnds of the Oolden Acre were also cut, 
iin4 the flrnt he.nd of Oolden Acre had 
been r<'ady for marketing twelve days 

County Agent O. G. Weber reports that 
in a Vork County demonstration for the 
control of apple scab, dusting was not as 
efTectlve as the standard .•spray materials. 
He found that trees in the untreated 
check rows showed fifty per cent of the 
foll^ige infected with one or more scab 
spots. Those trees which hml bee-ii dusted 
showed thirty per cent of the leaves In- 
fected In contrast with hut one per cent 
infection on the foliage of the trees which 
had received the regular schedule of spray 

• • * 

The most successful dairymen are the 
ones irhose herds a\Lra,st over TOOO 
pounds «f milk per oow. arconllnir to B. 
Li. Mofntt, farm management extension 
sfi.'crtallst of the Pennsvlvsnia 3tal«' i',il- 
leee. In a study of the cost of prodm - 
tlon records for the Gnodvllle Cow Test- 
ine Association. t.,anca»ter County, for 
the years 191S to 1922. MolTitt and Arnies 
found Ih.Tt a cow must priKltice 7i\!(| 
pounds of S.8 per cent milk In order (.• 
pay for her f«e<l. care. Interest on In- 
vestment, and other necess.iry expen«<'s 
TM« is eatitv.ilent to approximately 300 
pounds of liiitlprf't. 

The average amount of feed required to 
keep a cow In the Gooilinie A.-iwu-hiii ,n 
w;m found to be 27S9 pounds of cnun. 
SS80 pounds of sila«e. 1924 pounds of hay' 
and 1411 pounds of stover This amount 
of feed constituted 55 per cent of the 
total cost of producing milk, labor 
amounted to IS 2 per cent .ind the other 
miscellaneous expenses were 2R.6 per cent 
of the entire cost of the production of 
milk.— A. L. B. 

ivm "Bsltsr Made" .Sbirti for lart-e .Mihvira,Tui»r 
,||r»»t tn leesrer. Sn i-atstsl or rzpsrIsnrB rmulrtd. 
Manr i-am }loo VReKlr and bonua. Msdiasn Csrasra. 
tiss. S07 Bresdwsy. New York. 

111 milk 1« rowa ri«>d «m ri,<. Insrd ami mom for 
mod men Hermea Orevei Dsiry Co.. Brseburn Farsia. 
Brssfears. Pk. 

WANTIO — Sinjie men for seneral farm wortt. wssaa 
*'0 0(> per mon'h. iMnnl. r,»i>m and wavblnn. Ap|»lr 
Laursl Lscka Farsti. Pottitows. Ps. 


CABBAAE. CsuiUksver. Hnissela Spiouls sad CclsST 
rianta — Oiiii rabbaie planta ilieadr N,«»». I>sn- 
i»b BsUkaad. t;oldpn ,\ir>-, i .ii«nlia,;»n .Market. Knk 
liuiim ai'irr Allhead GarlT. Sarmaxon Wakefield 
Ksrbi Hnmiorr. Earh anil Laif Fist Ounb i^un'head. 
■"avm. Bed l>anlab and He.) lto.-k. All n- r'»iie<l tt.WI 
l>er 1000; SOOil— ?»: ^iHi »1 i'.: raullflowrr 
.VII reni<iti,<t> Mame utraln aa laat vtar 14 30 tier 
1000: .S0()- »S •.Il J.noO.KOO CelerT riant* (neadr 

.Ni'»>. Bs«> llU,iililn«. fJiHdi-n llrsrt. WinV>r Quon. 
and Olant ra-vul. fS Oo !4t 1000 Re rontMt $:> M 
.■»r liliH) I'OO.OOt) l«rii»^fll> .«ii»<iiif< Planlv Ixmn 
Nland lnl|«n^ed. ft^O twr 1000. Send for rise list 
of all nlKPt. (°»ab oitb orden. Pleaw. Pssl F. 
Rscbslla. Msrrlitmm. N. J. 

CELERY PLANTS Whii.- Plume. Co'deii Self. Olani 
Pi^'-sl. y.%^- IHnnrliini. Winter (jiit,,,n. ^ironit plants. 
f-)r field 11.2'i per 1000; 10.000 for JIOOO. J. C. 
Schmidt, BrIitsl. Pa. 

CABBAQE PLANTS Ilaciab Round Hea4. Or 

liMM. I. C. MItebsft. Wychs*. N. I. 

MILLIONS CABBAGE and loinatn plants. tl.Ol 
l"On W. W. Willlami. Frsnklis, Vs. 



nnhcKt ' mne ■•Id ■ '.,1 i.v Kiirtl. 1,1 U«- ad. at ISO 
.1 II W. F. MrSPAIkRAN. Furnlit, Ps. 



Otialitv Tllirof»« •''l'"".' vU*. Brr-l or open clltii 
VUailiy A>UIOV,S shipped on apTMval 
B C. SAUFLEY. Fairfield Farsi. Mummelrtoww. Ps. 
..^iwVh^,- "*0 MATURE STOCK PIGS. 
ELMWOOO FARMS. P. Boa 15. Bradford. N Y. 


HOMESPUN TOBACCO ch.-nlti,; flv» pounds. |1 SO- 
t<n. !l'.n- »niikin.- flio i-mniU f! ;': in, |jn»' 
pipe frei\ pay whi n reneircd. aatinfai-Mon nia(ant4ml' 
fiik**™"** '''"'*°** *«•"»• IBkXSBi Hill. K*a. 

HOMESPUN TOBACCO: f-bewine: S Itsi. (I 50 ll>- 
i'.i ''*_^'""'""-' *— ♦1 •!'■ 1« '2- MIH: 10 »l .'SU 
Pit wIhsi r um it w l, f, OustM, Bardwtll, Kt. 



A good farming 

Good seed, thorough prepara- 
tion of the seed bed, seeding late 
enough to avoid the Hessian fly, 
and a liberal application of a 
good, high analysis fertilizer, are 
the secrets of success in profit- 
able wheat growing. This is the 
experience of leading Experi- 
ment Stations and successful 
fanners everywhere. 

Of this program, possibly the 
most important is the selection 
of the fertilizer you buy. A 
liberal use of Swift's Red Steer 
Fertilizer means bigger yields of 
high quality wheat. 

Red Steer Fertilizer 
makes big yield 

"We applied Swift's Red Steer 
Fertilizer 2-12-2 at the rate of 
350 pounds to the acre," writes 
George Chapman, Gasport, New 
York, "and threshed an average 
of 40 bushels to the acre. We 
believe it pays to use the best 
fertilizer we can get." 

32 bushels per acre tvith 
Red Steer Fertilizer 

"1 have been using Red Steer 
Fertilizer for the last five years," 
writes George Wurst, of Erie, 
Pa. "This year I produced 521 
bushels of wheat on 16 acres, an 
average of 32 bushels per acre. 
I used 200 pounds Red Steer 
2-12-2 per acre." 

What the Pennsylvania 

School of Agriculture 


The Pennsylvania School of 
Agriculture and Experiment Sta- 
tion suggests for wheat and rye: 

Poor soils: no manure or clo- 
ver sod, 300 to 400 pounds per 
acre 2-12-4; with manure or 
clover sod, 300 to 350 pounds 
per acre 0-16-0. 

Medium soils: no manure or 
clover sod, 300 to 350 pounds 
per acre 2-12-4; or 0-16-0; with 
manure or clover sod, 250 to 300 
pounds per acre 0-16-0. 

Rich soils: with or without 
manure, or clover sod, 200 to 300 
pounds per acre 0-16-0. 

Come in and see us 

Let us tell you how many other 
progressive farmers in this local- 
ity have found the use of Swift's 
Red Steer Fertilizer the means 
to profitable wlieat growing. We 
will help you select the analysis 
and amount per acre of Swift's 
Red Steer Fertilizer to make 
you the most profit. 

An applicmtion o/ 
300 pounds of 
/erd'/icer per acre 

mo/a than , 
mpoon/ul to tach 
aqumra yard ol 
land. Each plant 
geta ao little that 
it i* vitally jn,. 
portant that tht \ 
tertiliMer &« thor- 
oughly and even. 
ly mixed 

So carefully mixed ate Swiff a Red Steer Fertilitera that each plant gets ita full share 
of each plant food. Result — even growth, eien aiaturrty, maximum yield and quality 



'o/tONt SouamYaiio 

Fertilizer m,ade right means 
more and better wheat 

To make fertilizer right is a big job! 

It requires skilled chemists and mrn with a 
thorough knowledge of plant growth who are 
specially trained in soil research. It requires 
special mixing and processing machinery. 

The difference between a bumper crop of 
wheat and an ordinary one is often the difference 
between the right fertilizer and an ordinary one. 
That is why you should make sure that the 
fertilizer you buy is made right. 

Swift's Red Steer Fertilizers are made right. 
They furnish the right kind and amount of plant 
food in readily available form, to produce large 
yields of high quality wheat. 

Why farmers prefer Swift^s 

The formulas and special processes used in the 
manufacture of these fertilizers are *he result 
of years of research and experimenting. Every 
operation, from the careful selection of the raw 
materials to the mixing, testing and shipping, 
is supervised by experts. 

There is a Swift factory convenient to your 
territory. Each one is equipped with modem 
facilities and operated by experts. This assures 
you fertilizers in the best mechanical condition, 
thoroughly mixed and properly cured. 

When you buy Swift's Red Steer Fertilizers, 
you are getting products of known value. They 
enable you to plant late, thereby avoiding the 
Hessian fly and still develop a sturdy top 
growth and a strong root sjrstem as a safeguard 
against winter killing. 

Make sure of a good clover catch, more hay, 
as well as increased yield of better quality 
wheat, through a liberal use of Swift's Red 
Steer Fertilizers. 

The A.S.A. can help you 

There is an A.S.A. (Authorized Swift Agent) 
in your community. 

He cooperates with Swift & Company, your 
State Agricultural College and your County 
Agent and can give you valuable information on 
profitable farming methods and improved fer- 
tilizer practices. 

He knows the wheat grower's needs and op- 
portunities and will gladly give you worth 
while suggestions. If you can't get in touch with 
him readily, write us. 

Fertilizer Works, Dept, 16 

Baltimore, Md. Cleveland, Ohjc| 

Norfolk, Virginia 


Red Steer 


"It pays to ttse thtnn" 


Authorised Swift Agent \ 


Look for this 

sign of the 



U. 92— No. 6 


$1.00 a- year 

The Erharit Brothers, truck farmers of Allegheny County, have been satisfying their 

customers for thirty years. Page three. 

2- -88 

PennsytVania Farmer 

August 8, 191 




X im th* 

■ #• n<t a rd 

■ park pf*^ 
for Fora 
C m r m and 
Trucka and 
F o r d a on 
Trao (era. 

We make Champions 
the very best we can. 
They will render bet- 
ter service for a much 
longer time. That is 
why they areoutselline 
throughout the world. 

Champion is the better 
spark plug because of its 
double 'fibbed sillitnanite 
core with the semi- petti- 
coat tip, its special analysis 
electrodes and its gas-tight 
two-piece construction. 

To get the best service fix>fn 
your car you should change 
spark plugs at least once 
a year — even Champions. 

More thun 9S,000 deaUrt tell 
Champium. Chambion X for 
FonU is 60 cents. Blue Box for 
dUodiercars, 7Scents. (Cana> 
dian prices SO and 90 cents.) 
Cha4npiona arm fully 

Champion Spark Plug Co. 

Tokdo. Ohio 
WiadKir. Oat. London 



Dependahle for EveiSf Engine 

'The Cuiier That Does Not Ch^" 

Be Independent! 
Own Your Own Cutter! 

Frost may cut short ttia Maaon ; bteakdovm* or haip 
shortasa may dalay tha cuMom fillar. But tha man who 
owns nu o«im Papac i* OKkpcndcnt. Ha fills when tha 
com i* right, with hts own help or changes with a neigh- 
bor. Hu women folks are freed from tha worry and 
bother of fccdina a big gang. He fills at lass cost, has a 
full silo and makes • bactar grade of ulaga, because the 
com i* at Its best. 

The Papec, with its third roU is practically automatic 
— saves you a man at the feed table. Its light draft and 
low speed make the Papec tha ideal cutter for use with 
any tractor. It will pay you to junk any old style cutter 
and get a new Papec. 

Go to your Papec dealer today. Select the size best 
suited for your power. Make sure of a fiill silo thu season. 


178 Main St.. ShortsviUe, N. Y. 
Orer 50 Dittributtng Center* 


Atk Hu 





OU Colonial Family Homesteads 

No. 4— The Say lor Homestead 

THE Saylor Homestead is situated 
aioiig the Linfleld-Trappe Road, 
in Limerick Township, Montgom- 
ery (^ounty. Pennsylvania, and han 
been in the Saylor name contin- 
uously since 170S. It wius purchased 
by the paternal great-great-grand- 
father. Henry Saylor, Sr., and was 
thtn a part of Philadelphia County. 
It ha.'< gone from one generation to 
another, always remaining in the 
name of Sa>ior. until the present 
time«. A. R. Saylor was owner of the 

neath a wide spreading oak trJ 
wh.ich still stands along the publi] 
road. The picture is of th« buildin|[ 
on the farm. This house was bum 
in 1832. 



High or low wheel*— 

Bti'ol orw(K>U— wide 

or nmrrow tir«i, 

WaKuo tmrta of all 

fcinila. Wh.tlstoftt 

• njr ranrintf ir*"ar. 


No. 5 — Century Home Farn 

• ens Township, Bradford Counq 
Pa., was settled 'by Joseph Spaldia 
who came from PlalnfleW, Conn. i| 
1796. It has be«n owned by his 
scendents ever since. It wa.-? n«| 
owned by his son, John Spaldln 

Farm Buildings on the Saylor Homestead. Montgomery County. Pa. 

farm for the last thirty years until 
a few months ago when he sold It to 
his cousin, Harold D. Saylor. Esq., of 
Pottstown and Philadelphia. It 1» 
iw.i(i that (luring the Revolutionary 
War, while Washington and his sol- 
diers were camped at Valley Forge, 
Washington, while srouting around, 
met the great-grandfather of A. R. 
Saylor and conversed with him be- 

then by his granddaughter, who i 
rled Rev. Curtis Thurston. She 
born and lived her entire life ot nij 
ty-three years here. Her son. Jo 
Thurston, has owned it the past I 
ypar.s. It is now heing worked by I 
fifth generation, and as there 
four boys in the sixth generatioij 
bids fair to remain in the fa 
ntany years to ootue. 

News and Notes 

LAND owners in Michigan may 
have their land examined and 
certified by the State Department of 
Agriculture. Under the Land Certi- 
, ficatlon Act, the land, upon appttca- 
I tion of the owner. Is examined by 
competent men and the facts they 
find set forth In an ofBclal certificate 
which the owner mtist show to all 
prospective puchaaers. The certifi- 
cate. Includes data about soil types, 
roads, shipping points and a recom- 
mendation as to the type of agricul- 
ture best .suited to the particular 

piece of land. 

• • e 

Studies made by the United States 

Dapartment of Agriculture wHh 

thousands of cows have resulted in 

the formulation of this rule: "As a 

row's yearly production doubles. 

profits treble: as her production 

trebles, profits Increase six times." 

The New Jersey State C<rilege of Ag- 


('■wiiiHti. li'T All kTnitiiut. . r.t Prm WTIsoii. Penh 
iMi^. VantlifJli*, rbu** Uuht ^rrtdila*« Stale mithor 
Uf"! otlk-.-fi (It'jr.*- in 2 *.->i.r!t Inat^'Stl 4. Ai#» rthoittf 

BOX r, MIDCR COLLCac TnMten, N. J. 

riculture points out that the re 
ly summarized records of the 
llngton County Cow Testing As 
tlon are in accord with thl-< 

Twenty townships in Inil 
County will be tested for b(>vln*| 
erculoAis during September, 
maining four townships will be( 
ed in January, 1926. Indiana | 
be among the first seven or 
counties in Pennsylvania to ^\ 
tlrely cleaned up on the are i pli 
• • • 

W. H. Amsler, of Economy T^ 
ship, Beaver County, Pa., hasil 
win apple tree which ha.s yi*'* 
many as seventy bushels ni ff 
one year. He has received nmrej 
1130 for a single crop from thiM 
which', with fhe entire oichai' 
carefully pruned, sprayed anil| 

Published Weekly 
Two Years, $1.50 
Five Years, $3.00 

-No. 6 


Whole Ko. 1473 

hirty Years of Trucking Experience 

le Erhardt Brothers Find Profit in Their Reputation for "Honest" Vegetables 

IE morning of May 25, after a heavy 

ig frost the night before, I was about 

Id to visit Erhardt Bros, (the ownens of 

I prettiest twenty acres of market garden 

fcr seen) for fear my reception would be 

the morning had been. In spite of the 

the frost had "cooked" 5000 tomato 

\d half an acre of beans, besides doins 

lage, I found three of' the brothers in 

ch .section of their garden talking and 

Ith one another as tho the night before 

]one of the finest nights for 

we have had this spring. 

hhy worry," remarked one of 

kers, "all our competitors in 

^burgh district are in the 

and if our truck is late 

111 be. too." 

lys Looked Just Biglit 

Pphteen years I have passed 
place near W11kins4>urg in 
ly County two or three times 
■first as a wife hunter and 
bad captured the wife, and 
|t looked the same. Always 
refde. every row as straight 
!iad been laid out by a snt- 
id every crop with a thrifty 
round the house Is a Isrge 
It looks as tho it belonged to 
|l-to-do ret'red man who had 
|to do but tend It 
years ago Mr. and Mrs. Br- 
Dved to this steep seventy-' 
re farm, with their four boys and two 
talie up market gardening. Since Mr. 
Idled a few years ago. the farm has been 
V by the children and their mother. 
rhar.'t. in ppite of he fact that she 1-^ 
ity. w.^p helping to prepare radishes for 
Ihe 111 >rning I visited them. "Not be- 
have to, but because 1 like to," she told 

this tinip they have witnessed a good 

'>pe^. They have always hauled as much 

»hf>y conld get from the city. At first 


they were paid for hauling it away. Then as the 
• first autos came they got it free for hauling. Now 
they have paid as high as Ave dollars a load for it 
when they can get it. At first they had a rough 
dirt road for afmut thre« miles until they hit 
the city limits of Wllklnsburg. Two loads a day 
to market would make a long day. Now one of 
the finest roads In Allegheny County passes their 
house and a truck to haul the produce has speed- 

The Erhardt home, Allefheny Cotiaty, Pewifylvaaia. 

ed up that part of the work. 

Regardless of these changes the Erhardts have 
always stuck to one policy, rli., that of "honest" 
vegetables. All their produce is wholesaled to 
grocers and produce retailers. A grocer who buys 
their produce knows that the stuff in the bottom 
of a basket or crate is Just as good as It is on 
top. This policy has -built up such a reputation for 
them that they are still selling to some of the 
same dealers they sold to thirty years ago I will 
venture to say that this quality has helped these 
same dealers in turn to keep certain housewives 

for customers these thirty years. Demand fcr 
their produce is so great that they do not have 
a phone in their house, but instead oTten have to 
figure how much they can let each man have In- 
stead of having a surplus to wonder what to do 

♦ ». ^v*''*'' ?•**"' "!»*'•**'"'• has shown them that 
hey have had to make a study of their farm for 

the various crops. For instance, one of the boy. 

pointed down the hill to a plot and said: "VVe 

might as well not plant anything there as to try 
to plant asparagus on It and expect 
fo get any returns, while on other 
parts of the farm asparagus does 
fine. I could show you the same 
thing in regard to our other crops." 
Since manure can be secured In 
such minor quantities, they are using 
commercial fertiliser. This year they 
used a 4-i-i mixture on most of their 
crops. On asparagus they use nitrate 
of soda. They hauled so much man- 
ure in the earlier years on the farm 
that they have not yet had to rmort 
to cover crops to keep up the humtis 
content of the soil. 

Intensifled Methods 

With the city limits coming closer 
to their farm each year, naturally 
the land and taxes are tettiac liigh- 
er so it behooves them to intensify 
their methods as much as possible 
for the greatest returns. One com- 
bination is two rows of onions with 
lettuce between. Another one is early potatoes; 
after the last hilling pickles are planted in every 
other row. The potatoes shade the pkkles until 
they get a good start. This means the potatoes 
have to be dug with a hook, but the digging Is 
as good as a «nItivation for the pickles. All 
crops are gotten In early so that most of the 
farm, except that part in perennial crops, like 
asparagus and rhubarb, gsows two and sometimes 
three crops In one year. 

I knew they had city water In their hoose w> 
I asked: "Have you ever tried the (to page 17) 

Some Unsolved Pasture Problems 

The TTiarston House, Bradford County, Pa 

JHRY has come to hand from one of the 
►f^'i st.Ttfons concerning experimental 
pastures carried on farther north. The 
' "^ ff^ply to it are quoted for the bene- 
DT(^ of Pennsylvania Farmer. 
■•■ «r' !ii.aking plans for starting some 
u'lf,' ^°^^ ^"^ at til's station 
bf wort !° P"*?® " » comprehensive 
kml fprtm '"'^'v'^* ""* °"'y tJie cul- 
bdv the '". P''****^ o' t»»e problem 

'^ftho t"". J'^tfuo'Vthe'^^a^lnr 

I,,., ".'"*,• T^he plan of our work In- 

usbraS^^ '" agronomy, botany and 

v',,rtni*'r *'" Problemsln pastures, 
^'fi Of vn.^*5°*''',*"''"8rh to give me 
Is I «nr°"'" knowledge or make sug- 
Lr ,...,, ■PP'^PClate it very much. 
'^*^Hp-4n,?K* entirely too little is 

T, J'^r^"^ *"" " »»•« grown." 
r mJm ""^ '" numerous. TThey like- 

'^m. ihL'^'V'!"*' «i8nillcance. Among 
1 Hudv f "^*''* ^ "uggested as worthy 

<^t»rmnH **^'n^"tioned the following: 
"^matlon is far from definite c.ncern- 


Staff CoDtribtator and AdviKr 
ing the quantitative distribution of pasture 
grasses as Influenced by soil type, topography, al- 
titude. exposure and fertillier and other treat- 
ments. The latter will include also the extent 
of grazing by farm animals. Botanical surveys 
would be worth while, especially If the botanist 
Tn.gui. iiSTc tae cucperaUuii uf the soil chemist in 
making the neccsdary soil analyses and other soil 

There Are Sereral Outstanding Keeds 
We need some light on the so-called running 
out of pastures. It has been suggested lime and 
again that the running out of pastures may be 
less a matter of soil fertility than it is a matter 
of infestation of the land by insects as they occur 
In pastures, their relation to different types of 
vegetation, the extent to which they cause in- 
jury to pasture grasses and the influence of fer- 
tilixer and other treatments on overcoming this 
injury might well be made the subject of careful 

It is definitely known that gras-ses of the same 
speeiw grown on different soils vary in their bu- 
trltlve value. It Is also known that grass and 

forage crops cut at dilTerent stages of maturity 
vary greatly In their content of protein, carth)- 
hydrates. fats, ash and other ingredients. Hence. 
a chemical study of pasture grassea^nd other for- 
age plants as related to soil type on which they 
are produced, the seasonal and climatic factors 
fertilizer treatment, and the nature and extent 
of grazing should be investigated thoroly. 

Moreover, we could well afford to (nv«-if|gi,#p. 
more thoroly the Influence which different 
grasses have on the texture and composition .f 
the soil on which they are grown. 

The New Jersey Experiment Station has been 
Interested for a number of years in the Indirect 
effect which fertiliser treatment may have on 
the gTowt<h of animals. An experiment is now 
being outlined at this station which should help 
to show us how top-dressing with different fer- 
tllirers will affect the quality and quantity of 
herbage and how the latt»r will aTTwt tbe rate 
of growth of dairy heifers. 

In a general way. It is known tbat aninals 
produced in different regions vary as to mk 
quality of their carc.nsses, wool, milk, etc. We are 
n need of more accurate Information concerning 
«he extent to , hich growth, maintenaaoe aa« re- 
production In farm animals may he latneMad «>« 
varying methods of fertilizing pastui 



Entered as second-ciass matter at the post office at Pbila., Fk 
under the act of March 3, 1879. 


MARCO MOKRCnV, Vicc-Pres. F. H. NAXC^, Secretary 

NEFF LAING. Manager 
J{. P. KBSTER, Editor 

C. L. WHITE. Associate Editoe 
Household Editor 
Staff Contributora and Advisers 
PROF. A. A. BORLAND. Dairying 

DR. VV. C. FAIR, V. S., Veterinarian 

DR. S. W. FI.ETCHER. Fruit Crops 
R. C. KIR BY, Poultry 

DR. J. G. MP.MAN, Soils and Fertilizers 
W. C. PELTON. Garden and Truck Crop* 
PROF. W. H. TO.MHAXE, Beef Cattle. Horses, Sheep. Swino 

GENERAL OFFICE — 261-263 South 3rd Street. Phila. Pa. 

Branch Offices for AdvertisinR only: 

Cleveland, O.— lOlI Oregon Ave. N. Y. City— 120 W. 42nd St. 

Chicago, Illinois, — 608 South Dearborn Street 

Detroit, Michigan, 1632 Lafayette Blvd. 

Five Years, 260 copies, $3.00 Three Years, 156 copies, $2.00 
Two Years. 104 " 1.50 One Year, 52 '• 1.00 
Remit by draft, postoffice or express money order or registered 
litirr. Address all communications to, and make all remittances 
payable to 
The Lawrence Publishing Company, Philadelphia, Pa. 


6S cetits per agate-line measurement, or $7.70 per inch (14 lines 

iter inch), each insertion. No advertisement ^f less than three 
ines inserted. No deceptive, immoral swindling advertisements 
nserted at any price. Pennsylvania Farmer advertisers are 
rrliaMe. S;>eci.-il rates for livestock ,ind classified advertising. 
Complfle information ft:misned on request. 

)i«mb«r Asrlculturtl Publlsben Ass'a and Audit Bureau of ClreulaltaML 

Vol. 92. N*. S. Phils., Pa^ Augiul 8, 1925 Whole No. 1473 

OUR JOB is to serre our readers. Whenerer 
you are puzzled write to lu and we will help 
you if we can. 

IVe have no more righl to consume happiness without 
producing it, than to consume wealth without producirig it. 

— George Bernard Shaw 

The Institute of Cooperation 

THK Hrst summer session of the American 
Institute of CooinTation, now heinff held 
at the University of Penns.vlvania in Pliiladel- 
phia, is a decided sueeess. Leadens in eoop- 
erative marketing organizations and leading 
students of eotjperation from all part.s of the 
country are taking part in the |»rogram ; the 
informal ineeting.s hring out ideas of utmost 
interest and value to tliose attending. 

It is not too late for interested in 
the marketing of dairy produets and tohacco 
to enroll for the last w»>ek of the .session. 
Meetings on August 10, 11 and 12 are to be 
devoted to milk marketing problems, and sev- 
eral events for tol)aeeo men are scheduled for 13, 14 and 1.'). While the discussions 
«re of particular help to cooperative organiza- 
tion leaders, any farmer will find them stim- 
tdating and worth while. 

Market Wisdom 

ONE of the most readable and thought pro- 
voking publications to come to our at- 
tention of late is Bulletin Number 44 of the 
New .Fersey De[)artment of Agriculture. This 
hMlletin, entitled "Observations on Some 
Adfl])table New Jerse.v Crops," was written 
bv the present State .Seerefarv of Aerienlture, 
William H. Duryce, a short time before he as- 
sumed nflicr. 

The ))idletin presents a great number of 
helpful suggestions to the New Jers(>y fanner 
who is trying to decide which crops will re- 
turn him the greatest profits under conditions 
which now prevail. One of the introductory 
paragraphs is rpioted here; it seems to ap|)ly 
not only to New Jersey, but to practically all 
of the eastern and Middle Atlantic states. 
Secretary Duryee says: 

"The successful farmer is market-wise. 
Having determined his farm's crop adaptabil- 
ity he interweaves with that a study of mar- 
ket requirements so far as condition, package, 

Vennstftvania Farmer 

ITigh consumption period, grade and quality 
are concerned. He knows whether a whole- 
sale or retail container gives best re- 
"turns. He is acfiuainted with the degree 
of freshness or ripeness that commands 
a premium. Furthermore, such a farmer has 
learned that there is an iinusually heavy de- 
mand for his products during certain brief 
periods, and he plans to have what the pub- 
lic wants when it wants them. Shipments of 
perfectly graded familiar products from dis- 
tant points have had great effect upon the 
education of the public as to quality. Tran.s- 
portation costs in such prohibit shipping 
anything but the best quality, attractive in 
appearanc(> because of uniformity, and thor- 
oly dependable. The nearby producer has a 
great advantage in being able to market near- 
ly everything he grows at some price, meet- 
ing the needs of a very large con.suming pop- 
ulation which is unable to pay for the strict- 
ly fancy article. At the .same time the New 
Jersey grower has to meet this refining of 
demand, and in a season of heavy supply can 
usuallj' strengthen a weak market and get bet- 
ter net returns by shipping only the best and 
utilizing the poorer grades in some other 

We Have Too Many Cows 

IT IS estimated that the population of the 
United States has been increasing of recent 
years at the rate of one and one-half million 
people per year. Tt would take 375,000 cows of 
the |)roductive ability of the average Ameri- 
can dairy cow to supply with milk this annual 
addition to the human population. 

We don't need more dairy cows in the 
United States. As long as our average produc- 
tion is 4368 pounds of milk a year, — as it is 
according to federal estimates, — every addi- 
tion to our cattle population means an in- 
crease in the losses sustained by dairymen. It 
is not the average, but the exceptional cow 
that makes money for her owner. 

When we arrive at a condition where we 
meet the needs of our growing population 
with a gradually decreasing number of cattle, 
and without aid from foreign countries, then 
our dairy, industry will be headed toward 
real and lasting prosperity. The fact that the 
average production per eow is increasing in- 
dicates that we are already iDfctting a start in 
that direction. 

Quality and Quantity Control 

QITALITY and quantity control are the 
principal factors in the success of the 
well known California Fruit Growers' Ex- 
change, according to W. B. Geissinger, assist- 
ant advertising manager of that organization. 
Addressing the American Institute of Cooper- 
ation, Mr. Gei.s.singer told how quality control 
is obtained by the self imposed regulations 
of the fruit growers. As buyers of citrus 
fruits know, the California orange growers 
have perfected the art of grading, sizing and 
packing until the oranges in one of their boxes 
resemble some machine-made article in uni- 

The growers control the quality, but the 
buyers determine the volume or quantity of 
the product that can be marketed j)rofitabIy. 
The Pacific Coast fruit men control the vol- 
ume of their sales by new.spaper advertising. 
In other words they have put out a good 
product and then fold the world about it. 

That seems to be the principle upon which 
most successful business enterprises are built. 

The Soft Pedal 

A CHESTER COUNTY reader adds this 
postscript to a letter to the Editor: "My 
connection with Pennsylvania Farmer will 
end when my subscription expires unless you 
soft pedal in this matter." 

AugruBt I 

The question on which he mshes ug 
pedal is that of bovine tuberculosis ed 

Suppose, before we start soft pel 
that we set down a few facts: 

The following cities have ordinanj 
quiring that milk shipped into their 
shall come from tuberculin tested herd 
York, Baltimore, Washington, Lan 
Coatesville, York, Richmond, Cleveland 
eriek. These ordinances are not all iol 
now, but those in Baltimore, Laneas 
Coatesville go into effect the first of nej 
uary. The New York City ruling is ejj 
to be enforced as soon as a supply 
from tested herds is available. 
• In the opinion of those close to thd 
tion, the day is coming when all citt 
towns will demand that all their mj 
from tested herd.s. Believing that dajj 
away, we worked hard last winter tol 
from the Pennsylvania legislature i| 
fund for indemnity purposes. 

Now, we may not believe in te«tj 
may not think the methods used are i 
we may think the whole thing is fo« 
but — ^if the buyers are going to takel 
from tested herds, and leave that 
tested herds, where does the owner oil 
tested herd get oflPT 

Foot and Mouth Disej 

A TELEGRAM from the Pei 
Bureau of Animal Industry 
recent outbreak of foot and moutli dJ 
Texas, and urges all persons cominfj 
tact with livestock to be on the looh 
sore mouths and feet among livcst* 
report any suspicious cases at once I 
Bureau at Harri.sburg. The pronijU 
the authorities during the last few yd 
no doubt prevented a widespread infei 
this dread disease among cattle. 

Referred without Comr 

UNDKR this heading we publish : 
on some current topic taken from tt(| 
utnns of a rontemporary. paper. Its rublli 
does not necess.irlly tneah that the send 
expressed are the aentiments of Penn 
Farmer. — Editors. 

The Greatest of Them A1I| 

THE noblest human art is the art| 
expression. We are all crcati 
within us is the urge to create soinetl 
during and worth while. The \vorld| 
its great sculptors, who carve a trran 
into a thing of beauty. It honors 
painters, who spread upon a canvas i 
ing so beautiful that it holds us .s|>ellk 
Yet no artist paints with the boUj 
of the farmer, whose canvas is a qui 
tion of land. On that he paints tli<' <\t^ 
of the cornfields and the yellow oi t!» 
and oats. If the picture is well don*".' 
low will be in the grain fields instfil 
the corn, and there will be no wct'd.'l 
productive corners to spoil the licaiilj 

The farmer is the greatest 


creators. His tools are life itself. 
molds to his own purpose — that "t" '"* 
farm produce more bountifully to tb«| 
of the nation. In him is found thf | 
development of the art of self exiles 
whole farm is an expression of hi>' 
and his life. 

Some people can read chara<'terj 
We can all read character in farms. 
which is the expres.sion of a well rouD 
tells its story in the fields, in tlu' 
most of all in the home, for after all! 
is a life rather than a business. 3od| 
products are its boys and girl*' 

bu8t 8, 1926 

I Washington Letter 

iRT TROUBLE. — The proposal ol 
letary of Commerce Hoover and 
lator Charles Curtis to reduce gov- 
pnent expenditures by the elimina- 
of over lapping bureaus and of- 
^ in the different executive de- 
Inients is meeting with conslder- 
^ favor. There are those who be- 
le that Mr. Hoover might set a 
Id example by eliminating his own 
flapping and deplorably inefflolent 
lign agricultural service. There 
[others, holding that all market- 
activities should be in the De- 
|ment of Commerce, who Just as 
Ily believe that the Department 
I Agriculture's foreign service 
jld be turned over to the Depart- 
It of Commerce, and all useless of- 
s and employes discharged and 
offices discontinued, 
kis old question between the De- 
(lents of Agriculture and Com- 
le is sure to come up whenever 
ittempt is made to eliminate use- 
pverlapping offices and officials. 

farnu-re greatly encouraged in 
Jlcally every section of the coun- 
J visted." said Secretary of Agrt- 
|re Jardine on hfs return from an 
weeks' trip thru the West, 
the country as a whole the 
nk is for as good or better in- 
thnii last year and the senti- 
is one of moderate optimiBm. I 
kronger evidence of the approach 
|>od times for agriculture than I 
seen since 1920. Farmers are 
|ng out of the shadow of bank- 
Farms are selling once more. 
-.standing debts are being liquld- 
In short, agriculture appears to 
radually getting its house In or- 
laKain after the post-war dls- 

BASE — In spite of all the efforts 
Ig made to conserve our rapidly 
l!=hing forests, the tlm-ber losses 
Ire continue at an appalling rate. 
liiE- the last year fires 
bt over 29.000.000 acres of pi»b- 
knri private lands, causing a loss 

Blonel William B. Greeley, chief 
he Forest Service, says that 1924 

a very bad year. The number 
prrsf fires reached 92.000. which 

24.000 more fires than (a 1923 
|4r.,000 more than the nine-year 
|apr. Incendiary fires were more 
prous with 21.000. Brush burn- 
lram<' next with 1«.000 and 
bre^ third with 13.000 fires. 


p — At a meeting in Winchest- 

prglTiia. attended by plant path- 

Tfts. rronomic entomologists. 

culturims and farm economists. 

'peratlve movement was started 

I the objfpt in view of clearing 

►= far as possible by united ef- 

fiindam.^ntal problems of grow- 

Ir applrs and other fruits on a 

rierclal «ralp in the Shenandoah- 

pprland rtifttrlct of Pennsylvania. 

fland. Virginia and West Vir- 

. This ronferencp was the first 

I kind ever held In the EaFt. and 

p will be called from time to 

iantic and Bast Nprth Central states 
nave sustained the greatest losses In 
enrollment. — E. B. Reynolds. 

Harrisburg Letter 

—Officers of the State Department of 
Agriculture believe an opinion re- 
cently rendered by Attorney General 
Woodruff will go a long way toward 
easing the situation produced by ne- 
cessity of entering upon fields or 
fartna to see that state quarantines 
are being enforced. The opinion is the 
result of requests from field men en- 
gaged in carrying out the potato 
quarantine In which certain varie- 
ties have been banned and in the 
course of which duty they met farm- 
ers refusing to admit them to fields 
tor Inspection and others who de- 
clined to destroy prohibited plants 
The Attorney General says the wisest 
plan is to hale such men before Jus- 
tices of the peace by swearing out 
warrants and then securing orders 
for them to destroy the plants 

Vennstftvania Farmer 

Agriculture and the 600 men holding 
licenses as testers have been forced 
to take out certificates of their stand- 
ing so that every one starts on the 
same plane. 

way authorities have calculated more 
men are at work on the highways of 
Pennsylvania this year than ever be- 
fore, the number employed by the 
road contractors, who have over 750 
miles under way, being beyond rec- 
ords available. In some of the coun- 
ties the demands for capa'ble men to 
work on roads has interfered with 
farm operations. — (Hamilton. 

New Jersey Letter 

RATES. — Secretary H. E. Taylor and 
C. B. Lewis of the New Jersey Federa- 
tion of County Boards of Agriculture, 
and A. L. Clark, chief of the New 
Jersey State Bureau of Markets, ap- 
peared during the week ending July 


market and the state farmers' organ- 
isations to the end that the supply of 
southern Jersey products will be va- 
m!,i,*r'^ continuous. The wholesale 
market project, started some weeks 
ago. is going forward nicely. 

—The late July meeting of the Som- 
^lv?r"o^ ?"'"***'" Association at 
fTt^nH ]? K^^i" "^^ °"« ^ the beat 
attended breeders' meetings in recent 

Tnd 1 K K.. •'"'^^'"^ demonstrations 
and exhibits were conducted by Paul 
r; .^*^""**»«*h, market milk specialist 

tire I^'lh ^^tr"™^"* *>' ^«^'<=«'- 
R/rnh ". ?/ '""-aged cow class, 

?nH wm. ^^l^"' •^'■' »' Finderne 
and William Beuchner, of Franklin 
Park, were tied for first prize. Mr. 
Meyer, Jr.. was also first in the calf 
class. Five breeders tied for second 
place: Preston Quick, W. R. Everett. 
John H Veghte, D. K. Austen and 
George Wyckoff. Altho honors were 
divided, the prizes went to Mr Mey- 
er, Jr.. and Mr. Quick in the respect- 
ive classes. The dlscus-sion of breed- 
ing problems led by E. A. Gauntt of 
the State College, occupied an Im- 
portant part of the speaking pro- 
gram. — B. 

No matter how hard he hit. he can't ri»g the bell with the small nutilet. 

IrVtrv-n " K A n S SOIL IM- 
Kn\W'''^'y Committee of the 
U if n"']"^'''' Association has 
r " R. Smalley director of Its 
J in tl„. northern states. Mr. 

»«rt'"" '■^'''*'' *•" a" Indiana 
P^M- 'I ^B'■»•'«af^ of Purdue 
tiUi J*""' "B specialized in ag- 
*""' "Chemistry and soils. 

rrSt ?,i:V^^^8 IN AORI- 
\ d;!.;/**^^^«^— There has 

KsTn''\?"^" '•"• agrlcultur- 
t cou.n. *''* '""-ty-eight land 
humfcr ""'r'thstanding that 
• h rm./ " "'^^"*s »n these col- 
It"., vP^rJ"^ *''^" ''o^hled in the 
l« Oh" ,u' "^S"'"'""'? <« a United 
1 derlinl 7 "* C<'"""«'rce survey. 
1,;, "'■''' agricultural educi- 
kir ii„; "? ''»*' «" part to the 

Eral onii " «PPrlenced. Agri- 
F"' '"'"^^•"9 «n the Middle At- 

health authorities have begun their 
first organizations of groups of 
nurses to take over the jnedical in- 
spection of children In the fourth 
class or smaller school districts and 
it Is expected to make the tryouts in 
some of the counties not far from 
Harrisburg. School authorities have 
been giving their assistance in start- 
ing a number of the details and it is 
planned also to undertake much ex- 
amination where children are not yet 
of school age tm as to launch them 

of cold water in official quarters the 
talk of poRsibAlty of an extra session 
of ♦»,•• !eEl?!aturp -s^r'!! not Aa^n and 
there are many who believe It will 
be summoned for the winter with the 
object of stiffening up the hanking 
law and authorizing the Public 
Service Commission to suspend rates, 
to say nothing of other subjeols. The 
Governor has remained noncommit- 

week the new law requiring all per- 
sons testing and otherwise handling 
milk to obtain certificates of profi- 
ciency from State College becomes 
operative and It is believed it will 
affect something like 3000 persona. 
The details of the law have been dis- 
seminated thru the Departmrnt of 

25 before the Interstate Commerce 
ComnilsBion at Washington, prot^si- 
ing the proposed increase in freight 
rates of peaches out of New Jersey 
The committee showed that the pro- 
posed tariff would add $52,000 to the 
present freight bills of New Jer'ev 
peach growers. The survey of the 
situation showed that In a typical 

i9s''oi^ *""«ase would amount to 
»Z8.95 per car. 

^mlwr'"^,^ meeting of the School 
Comm tiee of the State Farm Bureau 
TT ^r'^'' Commissioner Strahan. 
of the New Jersey State Board of 
Education, the farmers' plan to in- 
troduce a bill into the legislature 
next vear whirh wni|M jn»»Q-.j(,„ *», , 
railroad fax upon attendaVce of pu- 
pils at school and numher of teach- 
ers employed rather than upon 
ratables. The conference also ex- 
pressed the opinion that salaries of 
rural school teachers should not be 
cut but that the grade and standard 
of (earhors employed In rural schools 
should be raised. 

The Caind.'n Department of Markets 
and Public Property plan to open a 
special retail section easily reached 
by Camden manufacturers. The 
county agents of Gloucester, Camden 
and Burlington Counties have been 
cooperating with the Camden author- 
lfie!«. Director Cook of the wholesale 

New York Letter 

TEST — State-wide Interest among 
dairymen has developed during the 
past two weeks In the matter of im- 
proving the butterfat content of 
milk. It was precipitated by a ru- 
mor Bordens' had announced that 
after August 1 they would accept no 
milk testing less than 3.4 or 3.5 per 
cent fat. This was a bomb in the 
ranks of Holsteln owners and caused 
some anxiety, as Bordens did send 
men into the field to check up tests 
and to try to locate animals produc- 
ing milk low In butterfat. The 
Da'rymen's Leagje has urged Its 
members for some time back to elim- 
inate the low testing animals, to in- 
troduce some Guernseys or Jerseys 
Into the herds, or to use other meth- 
ods of getting better milk. The pub- 
lic looks at the cream line and de- 
mands the milk having more than 
the legal percentage of three per cent 
fat, and It Is good business to meet 
I hat demand. The League, while 
wishing to protect Its members, and 
knownlng that their contracts with 
Bordens* and other of the big dealers 
called for three per cent milk, sent 
a committee to confer with Bordens' 
representative on the matter. This 
rommittee announces that any dairy- 
man whose milk tests 3.4 or 3.3 or 
pos.sihly 3 2 ^^^I1 have no trouble, but 
that those whose tests run close to 
3 per cent should at once take steps 
to increase the test. Bordens' will 
.-tand by their contract. Yet milk 
averaging a test of 3 per cent will 
sometimes test 'below that and there- 
fore such milk Is not safe in the long 
run for any dealer to handle. 


Cold weather and rain has held the 
flow of milk up to an unusually high 
point and reduced the consumption 
of It. So July prices did not Increase 
as early as was expected. On the 
20th the price Increased from $2.33 
to $2.80 per hundred, and this will 
hold into August. Further Increase 
will depend largely on weather con- 
ditions. Average production per dairy 
has run about sixteen pounds per 
dairy higher than a year ago. making 
quite an addition to the surplus in 
the aggregate. 

— A Ip.rge part of the eighty-five wit- 
nesses subpoenaed to appear in the 
caiile probe in iortland have ap- 
peared before the special grand Jurv 
called to Investigate the case. As 
the evidence is not all in no decision 
has been rendered. Most of the indict- 
ment* sought will be based on sec- 
tions of the farms and markets law 
having to do with prohibiting the 
sale of tubercular cattle, Severnl In- 
dictments for conspiracy will be 
sought. The vast amount of evidence 
is aim )!!f wholly cor.cerned with ac- 
tivities of dealers and of a few farm- 
ers who Were also dealer.^. Farmers 
from a wide territory have watched 
the case closely, hoping for a com- 
plete reclaiming of the re,putation of 
dairymen of the terrltorv who have 
been victims rather than offenders — 
M. G. Feint 

ft- 102 

PennsptVania Farmer 

Do Tifiro Jobs at One Time 

Can b« rumialMd wttta 
tractor hitch and grmu- 
•••der attachment. 

You can save the wages of an extra 
man and get far more satisfactory re- 
sults if you distribute fertilizer at the 
same time 3rou do jrour seeding, with 

John Deere -Van Bmnt 

Grain and Fertilizer Drill 

You get quicker germination, more rapid 
maturity and bigger, better yields. The 
amotint of fertilizer can be regulated to any 
quantity per acre desired without interfering 
with seeding mechanism. 

Famous Van Brunt adjustable gate force 
feeds handle all kinds of seeds in practically 
any quantity. The seed is conducted to bot- 
tom of uniform furrows and covered at even 
depth. No skips — no bunching. The grain 
matures evenly. 

Built like a bridge. Box will not sag. 

A mer* aurabto, aeeo- 
rat* drlU— the ii«odu«t 
of aa OTfanlsation that 
haa held Uadenhlp in ita 
Una tar aaarlj a century. 

Wrtte for free literature. 

Address John Deere, 
for rolder VM -436 





Calting the Attention of 
Farmers to 


for RooAng all types of 
Farm buildings 

PENCO HAMPTON MKTAl. Is the sreatest of all rust-resistant Irons (not 
Btcfl) and is inadf from a special fomiulH that has proven Its supcr- 
_ iorlt> over all others. We have made exhaustivt- tests for years; soil 
testji, iK'ld tests, snit silr tests and weather tests and know that In Hampton 
Metal we're offerlnn you the best that money will buy ; that Is If you 
measure value by the number of years a roof will last. 

For hams, sheds, pump and tool houses, in fact all farm buildlnfrs, there is 
nothing eisfc so Kood. It Is fireproof, spark-proof and withstand.i the blister- 
ing sun, blustering winds, beating sleet and drl\ Ing raina alike and, If prop- 
erly grounded is one of the best linrhtning safeKuards. Can be put on easily 
and Mulckly !.nd may bo had In nil stvles ; corniRnted, V-Crimp, Pressed 
Standing Seam. Imitation brick or stone, etn, NEKPS NO PAINT. 

If there's such a thing as rooftng permanently 
it's with Hampton Metal 

You owe it to yourself to know more about how metal is made 
and why sonie is better and lasts longer than others. If yoti 
wish to Include measurements of any space you'd like to rover 
we'll be glad to figure It and give you a price, including aaila, 
aiiu HaMherit, ueutereil right to your station. 

PENN METAL COMPANY, •fJ?^-.,^.-^'^."^ 

Stitd ftf 



TuMbona, (4«sr toned. Urn s1i»d TMtn with s«n. 
iBfW learA lafl stMik ftiU »« n trtaa. taw. tm 
rerta sad Mlf-Uutnutlon book. 8«nil ui jour asim snd 
■ddras wa* OIVB AWAT FREK 28 Bl« Art PMturw 
wHh tt DckH. Blatoe which yen noil *t in ct« • prtw 
~ " ' eo.. 9 Mill St. Ceaoert l«t.. Maa. 



I DCkH. I 




|| Neshaminy Gardens 

WIm ON EJiH>r Work' and ThinJ^ 


THE farmer's income is being fig- 
ured out for him by the experts 
and the daily jmper editors. It 
la dispJayed in big type and he i3 be- 
ing complimented on hlB convaTe- 
sceiit condition. Strangely enougb, 
however, the figures showing the to- 
tal receipts of six million farmers are 
given, but the aii8««r obtained by 
diTiding six million into twelve bil- 
lion dollars is not ahown. Farmers 
are coming back and their business 
is getting better, but the intended 
point oC this note is that the same 
peoiple who are declaring the famH 
er'e income from the house-fops have 
been strenuously fighting the publi- 
cation of news showing how much is 
the income of the Big Burfness man. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

1 APPRECIATE the following note 
from a Chester County reader: 

"Dear Sir: — In Pennsylvania 
Farmer oif July 18 you ask advice as 
to the variety of apples to plant in 
Neshaminy Garden's new orchard 
plot. You have decided well to have 
but four varieties. Let one be Smoke- 
house. It comes into bearing early, 
is a good keeper — keeps until spring 
and sells at a good price. It will 
hang to the tree until all others are 
gathered in the fall." — E. Q. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

UP OS the old home farm we had 
one tree of Smokehouse. I can yet 
almost taste the apple sauce and pies 
made from the apples which grew 
upon it. eaten as they were with a 
hungry farm boy's relish. And the 
apple butt'T made from sweet cider 
and thickened with Smokehou:ie ap- 
ples was a dish fit for the gods. The 
"grain" of the Smokehouse is finer 
than that of any other apple, hence, 
for smoothness of product it cannot 
be beaten. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 
ANOTHER apple, somewhat Juicier 

but having similar qualltiei^ for cook- 
ing purposes. wa.s the Summer Ram- 
bo. The 8tor>- o< the Ranibo Man 
published in this paper last week 
brought bark memories of that tall 
old tree at home. The finest, biggest 
apples grew on the very top. Because 
of their size and quick-cooking qual- 
ity the womenfolks pould produce a 
dish of apple sauce from Summer 
Rambos In Aorter time than from 

August 8, 

any other variety. They ripened 
evenly and did not stick well to tli 

♦ ♦ ♦ 
THERE are earlier apples ih* 

either of the above. But, as is lu 
with the first-early varieties of fruiJ 
and vegetables, they lack the dli 
tlnctive quality of mld-eeasou jt^ 
later kinds. However, we are than 
ful for the Red Astrachan and v^ 
low Transparent aa they satisfy 
hunger for fresh apples until 
Smokehouse and Summer Ran 
come in. I cannot understand 
predilection of city consumers, 
daily in Philadelphia, for the 
tractive and mofe or lees iosin 
white aM>les, Starr and Btark, wli 
supply so large a part of the 

♦ ♦ ♦ 
MANKND Is fast losing sight i 

some of the finest eating apples i 
ever grew. They used to be founjj 
the old family orchards btit 
these InMltutlons are fast dtsap; 

I. 1925 

commercial side of fntlt 
I but while (pursuing it grow- 
also try to develop a pub- 
lintance with the better 
their line. Simply because 
beat« big crops of nice 
apples is not a reason for 
into oblivion those which 
the finer and more esthetic 
P. K. 

Beetle Bulletin 

t A LISTS of the United 
^B and the Pennsylvania 
nts of Agriculture have de- 
practical means for re- 
jie injury caused by the 
[beetle to fruit and foliage 

Bon of acid lead arsenate, 
paking flour and water is 
ation which was found, af- 
years of experimentatimi 
Inds of poisons, to afford 
■t protection to foliage, 
plays a two- fold role; it 
fa the beetles which come 
or poisons those which 
upon the sprayed foliage. 
iNumber 406, published by 
Ivania Department of Agri- 
ps general directions for 
od describes in detail how 
dilute the material ased 
('ay. Specific recommenda- 
I given for late and early 
and non-bearing peaches, 
Ihes, sweet and sour cber- 
ps, shade trees and oma- 

Iblication may be obtained 
■request to the Pennsylvania 
Bt of Agriculture, Harris- 
ID. A. 

"Snookoms" takes a day oS^^Bford Field Day 

ing it will not be long until it 
be impossible to find a Win' 
bo, a Pearmain, a Sheepnoee, a I 
mer Queem a Lady Blush, > 
flower, or a Vandevere. Bui 
can you expect? A gener.itioil 
people that will develop and pa*J 
apple like Ben Davis, simply be 
there was money In It. and n« 
the propagation of varieties thMl 
good to eat, deserves to lose 'her 
things of life. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

THIS l.s R good bit to wrlt^ at( 
time about apples, bat it i-s »' 
ject dear to the writer's lea rt. 

It U necessary, dt course, to i 

.11 lillllllil 


knual field day exercises at 
I Bradford County experl- 
lim plots conducted by the 
Inia State College near 
be held on Tuesday, Aug- 
I Results of the experiments 
Btoiie and fertilisers on Vo- 
[will be discussed by mem- 
oollege staff, after an In- 
[)f the plots which com- 
10 A. M. A general pro- 
|nsi ruction and entertain- 
b"pn ai ranged. Included In 
i-pf.nkerp is Dr. R. L. 
an of the School of Agrl- 
nd "lircrfor of the experl- 
|lon at the Pennsylvania 
f—A L. B. 


.-. Restricted Vovth Turned Loose . 


IOirrEN watch the frlrtkm? 
when he Is loosed from tow I 
him leap, and kick, and run. nid 
ersdult antl go. It .-^eems to n\- h«' 
such slorea of pep caged up In-iiK' 
> -^i^^^-^ -£\ h« would like to free himself :rooii 
^ ^^ *S^^AW. his very hide, for tethered I-np 
"^ rope and stake. In small ''^"" 
.sphere, when loosed he feel- un* 
.^j^lQ.,^, free and far too wild. I fear H'' 

not halt until he's tired ami i j*' 
doesn't pay for him to dash himself about in that unsightly way 

Now. what I'm driving at H this. I've seen some lad^ go wi r.8- 
youngsters full of life, and pep. and full of youth, and strong. r»*^^ 
such y^ung<»ters held in tow by dads, and mother?, too, I've •-*?«» 
tethered to the ta.<k« that they were told to dn. 

I've seen such youngsters b<'eak from lensh, and then— Oh. ^h w*j 
low — all they could do wa.s leap, and race, and somersault and i'^ 
free at last «rom rope and •ilake, "Hurrayl" they shout, ""'"^"^jl^, 
watch us kick and raise the dust! Oldtimers. dear the way!' '"''l 
not stop till they are tired and learn In sweat at last that ihey 
wasted strength and pep by racing wild and fast! 

A colt that's given room to mmp. with fences, too, of cours^e. i3 > 

moved to somersaults by wild, restricted force; and so. I often 
lad If given space to play, with fences 'round the space, of course. 
and normal way, is not so apt to frisk, and kick wUll random leap » 

in I 

AS Is the lad whom dad and raa have tethered with a rope! — J ®'^*- 

In (Joes to Africa 

Ired Holstein heifer, has 
>iited to the Muhlenberg 
Ifonrovia. Liberia, by the 
lia Slat. College. The 
i-hipp'd with a purebred 
I thf home of George Cope 
» Burks County. Mr. Cope. 
|1'»22 graduate from Penn 
Pw stationed at the Mission 
fli..p,« to establish a Hol- 
This i#-the second Hol- 
I froi;. Penn State to TTfrlca. 
[having been sent to Khar- 
'lan Sudan. — A. L. B. 

t)ogs Licensed 

'han 415,000 dog licenses 

issued by the Pennsyl- 

|J"eau of Animal Industry 

r first five months of 1925. 

I thirteen counties to which 

f 10,000 licenses had been 

r" the first of June. They 

hKheny. 27.985; Berks, 12,- 

p-a. 10,728; Chester. 12.- 

I^are. n.694. Fayette. 12,- 

Wer. 10.175; Luxeme. 17,- 

Vninery, 12,186; Schuylkill, 

'ash.npton, 13,971; West- 

" 2«2: and York. 19 993 

Tennsytvania Farmer 


lAods the World in Motor Car Vabie 


NMiiA<i«aiKmi Six SedoK 

The New 
Special Six Se 

The New 
Advanced Six Series 


Grouped in this se^ 
rics are four hand- 
some new body 
Rylcs with the (anie 


Now Nash presents for your inspection the new 
Special Six series and Advanced Six series. 

They reflect more vividly dian ever before the su* 
perior character of Nash manufactaring. 

And they provide fresh proof of the authentic and 
masterly artistry of Nash body craftsmanship. 

Beautifully low and close to the road, they have 
the smartness and graceful symmetry that instantly 
attract the eye. 

And die enclosed bodies, which are original Nadw 
Seaman conceptions, are further strikingly enriched 
with a new French>type roof construction frdnrivc 
in America to Nash. 

Completely encircling the body and extending fofw 
ward to the radiator shell on both sides is a beveled 
body beading on all modeb of both series, which 
serves to emphasize the custom-built look of th 

And included as standard equipment on all models 
M no extra cost are 4'whcel brakes of special Nash 
design, full balloon tires, and five disc wheels. 



Tliis scries embraces 
seven notably di^ 
tincdve body styles 
OMoiD lengths. 


r-^g, 'Jut («vp Tim*. Labor. Monri. 
•IKI iDcraue Un- milk aupply. 

' !•*" "'•'"■htoiw open mimI rloar >t orn-c hy 

K^v.-r < i|»n «i<li-« alwnvB in iKMltlon I'ow 

r^ ',»"•;>'• K) In wn.n* HwlvrH rwilly Rntiro 

r-.rV2; ""' 'or hpiwl mom Wrteht mipi>iin- 

Fefl rrom U-low The {rmtnrt nionpr-maklnz 

' CQUlpnirni vou can buy 


Mauufanurcra. ManbrUa, Pa. 

for In/ormalton wrllt Eatltm Dittrlhriort 

... -, SATCMIAM BROS.. Inc., 

^m^Q^ PMtroted 


Hadcsofflucli MONET 

wif K D4irb«eu« Sfand^ 

NOW! New Low Engine Prices 



MMBth f oraf atr raoDtha 

- — ty toownthefsmoi 

ttwterd WITTB Ki»- 

KliM. Uw* KeroaeiM, 

GanSiWi Diatillsta sr _ 

MjL KqnippMl with celabntad Trmibl«»t«et 

WlO O JifMrB»tB._ Blmpl ot s nd eheapaat to op . 


FiEEiiaiEw K7rA,srf^S^;^-:i':ti'7i 

WW* WHt* *a*r iv ■* ■•« lUnteatoi 

ilabMtotalynM. WaaMl fMu otof. 



I ayiT FARM! 

Wooidn't VOU Uke to aay IbatT 

— * in? '"■^M?'* »»■ •HOWtO beabi* to 

••T it II 70a liT* on a hard road wImto Iota 

?"SV*- Ho**"!" of raman ar* 

iaa kit araWla witb BariMna atanda 

>i;-li!!7* '<»"'«» "waaaitda mora. 

City aeopla ara oot aceeatomod to (nab 

air amfawreiaa. Whaa tbey n oot (br 

■rivnthrmawhalaa* aa aaaaiHo. Thry 
Ml a lal and Mt attaa. Pot yo> r Uiirb<>rai 
■and near tha road where the •lelirlao* 

liow it wnipall tha qoartera oot of their 
pockets. Tbey aaat faaiat. 

iS: *S.^^ with hot a Jawr dallara a.paSii?! f 

tloBafi..w^ .^.^.a» vui ■ !«.. oaiiara aiaaaaa. If 
roa already have a barbena stand nnrtnmliSi!mmu . - 
-boald help ,oa maka mara iiS^.^riJ? « TOm7 

Talbot atm. Co..i>ept. BiTM. mtrvSi^mm. 

The Improired 


Harrow and 
Roller is fleiiUe 

It will follow the contour of the ground, 
harrows and rolls in one operation.savcs 
time and labor. Draft is no heavier 

than the ordinary harrow. 

Sold on 30 days free Trial 

MVOs/ar JtlaihJ information and pritt 


727N PrIncaSt. 
I anca«tar. Pa. 

Cheapest per ton capacity 

The Mtrnoion roof makn thia poasllile It 1. ■» jL 
^^^ZJ"•^'r "' «'"»* SJloa. ?W .;. mnde of S 

.l^^.i!"'.'".*".' "^ t'^^ •"«' •««««»«»"« door, bujS 
th«n absolutaly air-tight. Laata over a nwantinri I- 
cr,..^., valuo of far^. Moat duraM? ^rJSi wJ LTd cl^ 
venient ,iJo ymi can buy. Writo t«l.,' fwWr« an^ 

^ iiH liiirv 

BE SILO CO. Be« ■> VnmMDm. N«V Virk 


Please Mention Pennsylvania Fanner When Writing to Advertwers 


Pennsytvania Farmer 

August 8, 

igust 8. 1«26 

Pennsptvania Farmer 

Harvest Time 

Reflects the Kind of Seeding 

Wheat well provided with 
plant food at seeding time does 
not disappoint at harvest. 

A thick stand, with heavy 
heads, well filled with sound, 
plump grain, means a large 
yield that commands the best 
price per bushel at the mill or 

V-C Fertilizers made for 
Wheat, used at time of seeding 
insures more Wheat per acre 
and better quality. 

The fact that thousands of 
farmers who know how to 

make a profit in Wheat grow- 
ing use V-C Fertilizers is the 
best proof of our claim. 

Make every acre in Wheat do 
its best in 1926, by using V-C 
Fertilizers at time of seeding. 
You will note, also, a great im- 
provement in the grass and 
clover which follow. 

jisi your dealer for 

V-C Fertilizers 

or write 

Agricultural Service Bureau 

Virginia-Carolina Chemical Company 

Cincinnati, O. 
Nashville, Tenn. 

Baltimore, Md. 
Richmond, Va. 


'PHOUSANDS of farmers lire In- 
■■■creaainK their whi-at yields, S, lU, 
even more bun. por acre by sowing 
Hoffman's top-notch Winter-Wheats. 
Heavy yielJers. Bearded and smooth, 
chaff. 8 kinda. Plump, irraded aeed 
— noweedsl They wiU pay yoal 

"Leap's Proli/ic"— Threshliwoot 
40 bu. and over per acre this jrear. 
Very hardy — ripens early. TalU atiff 
straw. Great stooler — you save seed. 
Larse hard irrain — millers like It. 

"TrutnbMn"- Reliable anooth- 
chaff variety. Kipena early. Nice 
Brain, medium size. red. hard. Stiff 
straw. One grower threshed 46 bo. 
par acre. 

"Fort*«rd"-Another good wheat. 
Hard, red berry — mills fine flour. 
Good yi<'l<ior. (Jrown two ypnrs here 
In Lancaster County where it's doing 
weU. Give it a triaL 

Write today tar free Cataloi and 

samples— Wheat. Alfalfn, Timothy. 

HoAnan's Seeds wUl pay vou I 

LandisvilU ( LancasierCpiSntv ) 




with drill or HttetuXer. InrretArs cnip yield. Brft 
nn tbi' market. 

WrlU tiMlAr for priops and t«tlmomaU. 


CHARLES TOWN, Jrflrrton County. W. Vs. 



Reading Bone Fertilizer 

Quality Service Satisfaction 

High Grade Fertilizers, 

Reading Meat Meal, 

Kil-Tone Sprays 

(llila trad* mttk meani gaalltr) 

Retdiot Bona r«rUUi«r Co., Roadlaf , Pi. 

Holland Bulbs 

Holland Grown; Order NOW 


l! for pnttlnii or »rden UM. Cbolos Mil- 
lurp. 40 fi.r II; 100 for 12. 

In si-iMratr oolon, aatra larte bulbs, 30 for 
>1; 1110 for tl 


iipd rnr 11 


.Siiifc'lc nr douhls. 30 for f 1 : 100 for 13. 

Mlxprt nr ^cfirate oolots. Miniature or bed- 
dliv< kIzi-. is for tl. I'otUns nUe. 10 for $1 ; 
lull r.T »s 
All Bvlbi Sent Poitpaid— Srnd for Whslnal* LitI 

J. S. CAMPBELL, Mt. Holly, N.J. 

Hardy Perennial ^4, 

* u o 1 1 

Flower Plants 


.Siimmrr and Pall 
Ine. Delphinium. 
1 \hofl(, Krtxglovft. 
Canterbury Bell.s.Ortental 
l'"npy.<'olumWnp, Haidy 
( hrysanttH-iiiuin. ITardy 
IMilnx. WallflmiiT. SwMt Wlllnni unit CT oIIhpi,— all 
perfectly bardy, Ilvln« out doors durin.; winter, and 
will bloom nest aunimer. Also I'ansles. Hoaea, Hhrub«, 
iMfs. Hf4l.;f ruii[.i. Tuliiw; Sir.twti«.rT>'. Ila-Hphcrri'. 
Itlarkberry, Orajw, Currant, ^i^Jml^»•T^i. Ai>pmi.'U<i 
plants (or Setntenber and October i>Iantln(. Cstalocua 

Harry B. Squires, haripton .avs. 


iDurabIc, ftasy to 

Foperat*. mrm*\. ca- 
^pacitWs. many sisas 
Enftrtc, bait, horsa 

Garden and Truck Crops 

W. C. FELTON, Staff Contributor and Adviser 
Maungsf Pomona Gardena. Newark, Delaware 

New Methods of Celery Culture Save Hand 

he Voice of the People 


TWa department ia rMored'for th« use of our readera to discuaa all oro- 
blema and mattera of ftenenUI inter«it. Write your i^. and ~mmSS?; 
brleHy oo any quastlon of sodal, cnmomic or educational Importaoce and 
thua share them with others. It will be necMaary to limit sa^artlclea to 
300 or 300 words. PubUcation of an arUcle in tfaia derart^t^M^t 
ilftoify editorUl endorsement. "•parimeni ooea not 

I'' HE greater interest in early va- 
rieties of celery in recent years 
has discouraged the old plan of set- 
ting celery plants in trenches bekrw 
thn leveil of the soil. When Oiant 
Pascal and others of the large-grow- 
ing, winter varieties were more com- 
monly used in home gardens, the rule 
^^as to save space by setting the 
plants deep, so that less banking 
would have to be done. 

Today more people are planting 
Ooiden Plume, Easy Blanching and 
Golden Self Blanching or Paris Oold- 

I en, and to a larger extent are using 
boards or paper for blanching in- 
stead of earth. They are sacrificing 

■ table quality for convenience in 
blanching and saving of garden 

Present Kethods of Planting 

Surface-level planting has become 
the rule, and the difficulties of the 
older plan, when plants were set be- 
low the giound level, have been 
done away with. The chief trouble, 
of course, ^^-as the burial of the 
plant:) by mud during beary rains, or 
in case there was much slope to the 
ground, water channels would form 
along the rows, and many plants be 
lust by washing. 

The modern celery plow 
helped to retluce the widtli 
ing between celery rows. 
plows will make very steep] 
using a relatively small 
soil. Just as good banks 
made by hand, but as a 
fact, the work is so hard 
laiborers can be trusted to do] 
The plow makes the teaml 
hardest work. 

Table Quality Inferiorl 

The so-called "new celery t 
of twenty years ago is n'al 
talked about now. It con 
crowding the plants of selfj 
ing varieties, especially 
Blanching, so tliat they wo 
one another and bring abo«l 
ing without boards, paper J 

Golden Plume, the newaj 
ery varieties in the estli 
the public, should be an 
variety for this system. Tlul 
however, that table qualltjj 
good when this system is 
and there is more trouble I 
trolling disease. If the 
set six inches apart each wi;J 
weeding and cultivating 
done by band. — W. C. P. 

Asks a Question 

|0 THE EDITOR: — ^I read with 

some interest the letter in your 

|e of July 25 on cow testing, and 

Bve there is much truth in it. I 

take it from your attitude that 

are suppOl-ting this movement to 

tlie farmers have their cows 

ow, we have lots of faith in 

BRylvania Farmer and believe you 
Bt and truly interested in the 
interest of the farmers of the 

\, but have you given the cow 
ig business careful study? 
t the cow teeters know what they 
koing? I for one do not believe 
Ido. I was told on very good 
►rlty of one herd that was test- 
Cheoter County where all but 
Kie condemned and this one 
irmer said was no good, so had 
tilled at a local butcher's,, and 

kroved to be very badly affected 

It. b. 
Informant told that this herd 
fine looking lot of cows, seem- 
in good health and milking 

bw, if the only one they said was 

py proved to be diseased, how 

(lid they know about the ones 

condemned? — M. L. Ritchie, 

Iter Springs, Pa. 

Potted Strawberry PlantB'' '" ^^"""^ ^""*y 

_ , _- WHITE ■«•*• 

Ik •Mal~.Srlc«TOfMYM"CU" 


CERTAIN seedsmen and nursery- 
mt^n make a specialty of potted 

! strawberry plants, which are usually 

' ready for distribution about July 
15th. These are runnerp of the cur- 
rent season's growth, preferably 

j from "maiden" plants, those which 
have not been fruited. 

The runners are layered, or rooted, 
in two or two and one-half inch pots, 

•whil«> still attached to the mother 
plant. The pots are sunk into the 
ground beside the mother plant, the 
tip being held in place by a stone or 
clod of soil until the runner is rooted 
in the pot. 

The pot usually is filled with spe- 
cially prepared potting eoil, but any 
good garden soil will do. It takes 
about two weeks for the plant to fill 
the pot with roots, then it is cut off 
and is ready for planting In the gar- 

TTsefnl in Small Gardens 

Potted strawberry plants are use- 
ful for gardens of limited area, espe- 
cially when the saving of time and 
labor Ls more important than the 
saving of expenBe. On the farm the 
strawberry plants ordinarily are set 
in tarly spring and do not bear un- 
til the following spring, unless an 
cveibcarlng variety is used, in which 
case a little fruit la picked thru Tate 
summer and faJl. This means a 
whole season to fight weeds before 
K»-:iing a crop. WeeiKs bla.><t the hopt>8 
of more strawberry beds than does 

Potted plants can be set In July, 
and even up to the middle of August. 
Thl.^ gives time for a crop of spring 
vegetables from the land before 
strawberries are set, such as string 
beans, early beets and lettuce. It 
nRio cleans the ground of weeds. The 
plants are net in beds about two feet 
wide, three rows to a bed, plants 
about eight inches apart each way. 
They are not allow«d to form run- 

The soil moat be rery rich, full of 
humus, and it must be kept moist. 
Under t«vor»bIe conditions, the 

plants will develop .sev 
crowns, each of which 
other flower stalk next sprli 
will need to be mulched li« 
haps two inches deep, will 
straw, leaves, or olher w^ 
ter. This should be appU 
growth has ceased, prefer 
the ground has frozen. 

Larger and Fine 

The crop is not as large! 
a similar .txea plantod 
spring, but it is secured witk| 
mum of labor and a maiii 
of the ground. The berriesi 
and of finer quality than 
age from spring s€t bed.s, 
cause the plants are properlr| 
so that they do not romy 
each other, whtle the ordint 
berry bed is a jumble of pli 

Plenty of water while tlM| 
ar, swelling, from the g» 
it need be, will enhance 
ity and quantity. If inte 
"mammoth berries" — four «I 
a quart — thin the berries »\ 
lusty plants to three or 
soak the soil with manure' 

One of the best varietlM' 
tod plant culture, eapecl»ll|| 
irrigation is practicable, i»J 
apeake. This variety nntur 
large crowns with few run" 
produces rery large berrWj 
highest quality. It i^ ^ 
for intensive garden i uiiw'j 
Premier is for general fleW' 

Potted plant strawbrrry ' 
easy, — but expensive. 'Oi'J 
cost about a nfckel each f" 
men, which is several \Xra»\ 
of strong runners for i<V^^\ 
ing. They are not practi 
merclally. but are a boon to' 
urbanite whose uuhappy '^ 
have only a back yard ?»'' 
the size of a handkerchief 
aUw appreciated by fh'se "j 
have worn out our patienc*. 
kneecaps, in the strUfiS'^ 
purslane, chickweed and oj^ 
bers of the ill-favored tri»«l 

THK EBITOR: — I am pleased 

to receive a communication from 

relating to the deer situation 

would be pleased to get a copy 

nnsylvania Farmer commenting 

[his subject. If the article ^ows 

you have anything like accurate 

niation on this matter and treat 

liriy, I would be pleased to sub- 

le for the pai>er as well as rec- 

lend it to other oi'chardists. 

'ould like to add that farm crops 

suffer little compared witS orch- 

where deer destroy thie trees 

|ln some cases put the orchardists 

iletely out ot business. I would 

•leased to furnish you a lot of 

and addresses — a doien or 

more — personally known to me here 
which wotild enable you to get Infor- 
mation first hand. 

A Very Eeal ProUem 
Because damage is local and we 
are in the minority and because of 
the propaganda of the so-called 
sp'-rrsmen, publishers are reluctant 
to print the truth. Kindly ask your- 
self the question why these orchard- 
ists meet the lawmakers repeatedly 
at Harrisburg to ask them help to 
save their orchards and an.^wcr In 
your comment, and know too that 
they ere muzzled when they get there 
and that nothing practical hivs been 
done for them. In many cases unre- 
stricted right to kill will not save 
their trees. 

On one side is a valuable industry, 
on tie other, little more than a folly. 
You have a chance to render » real 
service by getting informat'on from 
the Injured — not from tBe sportsmen. 
— C. A. H., Adams County, Pa. 

The World Wheat Crop 

lirORLD wheat production this 
V V year, outside of Russia, will 
be about the same as last year's 
according to forecasts ar;d estimates 
received to date by the United States 
Department of Agriculture. 

The world supply of wheat, despite 
low stocks in exporting countries, is 
also likely to be fairly evenly bal- 
anced with the world's available sup- 
ply last year, due to increased rye 
crops in Europe which will reduce 
somewhat the European demand for 
wheat, the department says. 

Official forecasts and estimates of 
the wheat crop in 13 countries re- 
ceived by the department to date 
aggregate 1,934,000,000 bushels com- 
pared with 1,955,000,000 bushels in the 
same countries last year. Increases 
in the crops in Canada, Europe and 
North Africa practically make up for 
decreases in India and the United 
States. Condition reports from 
Efirypt, France and Germany indicate 
increased crops. 

Poultry Certification Plans 

our spring-set plants^ 

-^ W 

[ORDER that buyers of day-old 
Jlcks from hatcherfts in Pennsyl- 
iiiay be assured of chicks of 
I Standard, a plan for developing 
pedited hatcheries" has been 
ed by the Bureau of Markets, 
rlvania Department of Agrlcul- 
This plan includes the culling 
lof undesirable birds in flock,'* 
|h furnish eggs to hatcheries, the 
Iflcation of all birds according 
■tabli..thed standards both in breed 
and egg production, and the 
l^e of birds to determine the 
>nce of bacillary white diar- 
which causes severe losses 
►ig baby chicks. 

f,t »«-calIed "accredited hatchery 
was first developed in Wlscon- 
•nri has been in operation In Il- 
ls. N..W Jersey. New York, Ohio. 
f f'^'lnit, Massachusetts, and 
r •'■•ates. 

Steps in the Project 

K »«"" or culling of unde- 
£; ''*"■ *" a flock. Certification 
rT<"s the selection of each bird 
■"•'breeding flock on the basis of 
' '>p.' and egg -production char- 

fctiJ" '?* '"■*^*' *n>e charac- 
r'w ore those as set forth In the 

"American Standard of Perfection." 
The egg production characteristics 
are those approved and adopted by 
the "American Association of In- 
structors and InvfstigatOTB In Poul- 
try Husbandry." 

The second step in the program is 
that of teetlng birds to determine 
the presence of Itarillary white diar- 
rhoea which rau.-sps severe losses 
among baby chicks. Tests over a pe- 
riod of years in Connecticut indinte 
that there Is five to ten per cent in- 
fection in many flork.t. In New Jor- 
Bey in 1924. 19,000 birds were test- 

which were apparently healthy, had 
as high as thirteen per cent Infection. 
The removal of birds infected with 
white diarrhoea from the breeding 
flocks has resulted in reducing chick 
losses about half. 

In making this test a blood sam- 
ple is taken from the wing of the 
bird. This s;iniple is sent to the 
Bureau of Animal Industry labora- 
tory In Philadelphia where a rath- 
er complicated test known as the 
"Agglutination Test" is made. If the 
test indicates the presence of the 
white diarrhoea organism In the 
blood, this bird may infect healthy 
(Continued on pag« 19) 

Whether jroa have S or 
SOO Cowt there is a 

De Laval Milker 

For your needs and purse 

W^F^^^T yo" have 5 or 500 cows or more to milk, there 
w a De Laval Outfit exactly suited for your needs and 

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You «!ll finS :^'^1 will save you at least |20 per cow per year, 
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rci^t^w?llli ♦k'I' P'«"'»*?^»^th you and your cows and your only 
regret wUI be that you didn't get one sooner. 

_^_ ^___ EAST MONTHLY 


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easy monthly payment! can more 
than be met by the savincs it 
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